List of Orchidaceae genera

Last updated

This is a list of genera in the orchid family (Orchidaceae), originally according to The Families of Flowering Plants - L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz. This list is adapted regularly with the changes published in the Orchid Research Newsletter which is published twice a year by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The most up to date list of accepted; genera, natural nothogenera, species and natural nothospecies with their synonyms can be found on the World Checklist of Selected Plants Families Search Page published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. This list is reflected on Wikispecies Orchidaceae and the new eMonocot website Orchidaceae Juss.

Contents

This taxonomy undergoes constant change, mainly through evidence from DNA study. Orchids were traditionally defined by morphological similarity (structure of their flowers and other parts). However, recent changes to nomenclature have been driven primarily by DNA studies and also by re-examination of herbarium specimens. This has led to a reduction of genera and species as well as re-circumscription of subfamilies, tribes and subtribes. Orchid taxonomy is still being revised and each year about another 150 new species are being discovered. The list of genera alone currently stands just short of 1000 entries.

From a cladistic point of view, the orchid family is considered to be monophyletic, i.e. the group incorporates all the taxa derived from an ancestral group.

The taxonomy of the orchids is explained on the page Taxonomy of the orchid family.

Subfamilies

There are five recognized subfamilies: [1]

Genera

A

Aerides lawrenciae Aerides-lawrenciae.jpg
Aerides lawrenciae
Ancistrochilus rothschildianus Ancistrochilus.jpg
Ancistrochilus rothschildianus
Ansellia africana Ansellia gigantea nilotica.jpg
Ansellia africana
Ascocentrum miniatum Ascocentrum-miniatum.jpg
Ascocentrum miniatum

B

Barkeria spectabilis Barkeria spectabilis.jpg
Barkeria spectabilis
Barkeria shoemakeri Barkeria-skinneri.jpg
Barkeria shoemakeri
Brassia girouldiana Brassia-girouldiana.jpg
Brassia girouldiana
Brassia maculata Brassia-maculata.jpg
Brassia maculata

C

Calanthe triplicata Calanthe-triplicata.jpg
Calanthe triplicata
Chysis bractescens Chysis-bractescens.jpg
Chysis bractescens
Chloraea crispa Chloraea crispa.jpg
Chloraea crispa
Cochleanthes amazonica Cochleanthes-amazonica.jpg
Cochleanthes amazonica
Cochlioda noezliana Cochlioda noezliana - Larsen.jpg
Cochlioda noezliana
Coelogyne cristata Coelogyne-cristata.jpg
Coelogyne cristata
Coelogyne tomentosa Coelogyne-tomentosa.jpg
Coelogyne tomentosa
Coelogyne speciosa Coelogyne-speciosa.jpg
Coelogyne speciosa
Comparettia macroplectrum Comparettia-macroplectrum.jpg
Comparettia macroplectrum
Comparettia speciosa Comparettia-speciosa.jpg
Comparettia speciosa
Cycnoches peruviana Cycnoches-peruviana.jpg
Cycnoches peruviana
Cymbidiella pardalina Cymbidiella-pardalina.jpg
Cymbidiella pardalina
Cypripedium acaule Cypripedium acaule.jpg
Cypripedium acaule

D

E

Epidendrum radicans Epidendrum radicans.jpg
Epidendrum radicans
Eria stricta Eria-stricta.jpg
Eria stricta
Vanda sanderiana (syn. Euanthe sanderiana) Euanthe sanderiana.jpg
Vanda sanderiana (syn. Euanthe sanderiana)

F

G

Gastrochilus japonicus Gastrochilus somae flowers.jpg
Gastrochilus japonicus
Gomesa crispa Gomesa-crispa.jpg
Gomesa crispa
Gomesa recurva Gomesa-recurva.jpg
Gomesa recurva

H

Haraella retrocalla Haraella-retrocalla.jpg
Haraella retrocalla

I

J

K

L

Leptotes bicolor Leptotes-bicolor.jpg
Leptotes bicolor
Ludisia discolor Ludisia-discolor.jpg
Ludisia discolor
Lycaste Cassiopeia (a cultivar) Lycaste-Cassiopeia.jpg
Lycaste Cassiopeia (a cultivar)

M

Macodes lowii MacodesLowii.web.jpg
Macodes lowii
Macodes petola Macodes-petola.jpg
Macodes petola
Maxillaria cucullata Maxillaria-cucullata.jpg
Maxillaria cucullata
Maxillaria picta Maxillaria-picta.jpg
Maxillaria picta
Mexicoa ghiesbrechtiana Mexicoa-ghiesbrechtiana.jpg
Mexicoa ghiesbrechtiana
Oncidium schroederianum Oncidium schroederianum - Larsen.jpg
Oncidium schroederianum

N

O

Oerstedella centropetalla Oerstedella-centropetala.jpg
Oerstedella centropetalla
Ornithophora radicans Ornithophora-radicans.jpg
Ornithophora radicans

P

Phaius tankervilleae Phaius-tankervilleae.jpg
Phaius tankervilleae
Northern green orchid (Platanthera hyperborea) Platanthera-hyperborea1web.jpg
Northern green orchid (Platanthera hyperborea)
Western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara) Platanthera-praeclara.web.jpg
Western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara)
Polystachya pubescens Polystachya-pubescens.jpg
Polystachya pubescens
Prosthechea cochleata Prosthechea-cochleata.jpg
Prosthechea cochleata
Prosthechea garciana Prosthechea-garciana.jpg
Prosthechea garciana
Prosthechea radiata Prosthechea-radiata.jpg
Prosthechea radiata

Q

R

Rhyncholaelia glauca Rhyncholaelia-glauca.jpg
Rhyncholaelia glauca
Rhynchostele bictoniensis Rhynchostele-bictoniensis.jpg
Rhynchostele bictoniensis
Rhynchostele cordatum Rhynchostele-cordatum.jpg
Rhynchostele cordatum
Rossioglossum ampliatum Flower of Rossioglossum ampliatum - Rspb.2013.0960-F1.large-right.jpeg
Rossioglossum ampliatum

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Taxonomy of the Orchidaceae</span>

The taxonomy of the Orchidaceae has evolved slowly during the last 250 years, starting with Carl Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in his Genera Plantarum in 1789. Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids.. The next step was taken in 1830-1840 by John Lindley, who recognized four subfamilies. He is generally recognized as the father of orchid taxonomy. The next important step was taken by George Bentham with a new classification, recognizing subtribes for the first time. This classification was first presented in a paper that Bentham read to the Royal Society in 1881. Then it was published in 1883 in the final volume of Genera Plantarum. The next great contributors were Pfitzer (1887), Schlechter (1926), Mansfeld (1937), Dressler and Dodson (1960), Garay, Vermeulen (1966), again Dressler (1981). and Burns-Balogh and Funk (1986). Dressler's 1993 book had considerable influence on later work.

<i>Epidendrum</i> Genus of orchids

Epidendrum, abbreviated Epi in the horticultural trade, is a large neotropical genus of the orchid family. With more than 1,500 species, some authors describe it as a mega-genus. The genus name refers to its epiphytic growth habit.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Laeliinae</span> Subtribe of orchids

Laeliinae is a Neotropical subtribe including 40 orchid genera, such as Brassavola, Laelia and Cattleya. The genus Epidendrum is the largest within this subtribe, containing about 1500 species. This is followed by the genus Encyclia, with over 120 species.

<i>Brachystele</i> Genus of flowering plants

Brachystele is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It consists of 20 species native primarily to South America but with a few species in Mexico, Central America, and Trinidad & Tobago.

  1. Brachystele arechavaletae(Kraenzl.) Schltr.
  2. Brachystele bicrinitaSzlach.
  3. Brachystele bracteosa(Lindl.) Schltr.
  4. Brachystele burkartiiM.N.Correa
  5. Brachystele camporum(Lindl.) Schltr.
  6. Brachystele chlorops(Rchb.f.) Schltr.
  7. Brachystele cyclochila(Kraenzl.) Schltr.
  8. Brachystele delicatula(Kraenzl.) Schltr.
  9. Brachystele dilatata(Lindl.) Schltr.
  10. Brachystele guayanensis(Lindl.) Schltr.
  11. Brachystele luzmarianaSzlach. & R.González
  12. Brachystele maasiiSzlach.
  13. Brachystele oxyanthosSzlach
  14. Brachystele pappulosaSzlach
  15. Brachystele scabrilinguaSzlach
  16. Brachystele subfiliformis(Cogn.) Schltr
  17. Brachystele tamayoanaSzlach.
  18. Brachystele unilateralis(Poir.) Schltr
  19. Brachystele waldemariiSzlach.
  20. Brachystele widgrenii(Rchb.f.) Schltr.
<i>Ceratandra</i> Genus of flowering plants belonging to the orchid family

Ceratandra is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains 6 known species, all endemic to South Africa.

  1. Ceratandra atrata(L.) T.Durand & Schinz
  2. Ceratandra bicolorSond. ex Bolus
  3. Ceratandra globosaLindl.
  4. Ceratandra grandifloraLindl.
  5. Ceratandra harveyanaLindl.
  6. Ceratandra venosa(Lindl.) Schltr.
<i>Chondrorhyncha</i> Genus of orchids

Chondrorhyncha is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. At the present time 7 species are recognized, though many more names have been proposed. All species are native to Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador.

  1. Chondrorhyncha hirtziiDodson - Ecuador
  2. Chondrorhyncha ineditaDressler & Dalström - Colombia
  3. Chondrorhyncha macronyxKraenzl. - Colombia
  4. Chondrorhyncha panguensisDodson ex P.A.Harding - Ecuador
  5. Chondrorhyncha roseaLindl. - Colombia, Venezuela
  6. Chondrorhyncha suareziiDodson - Ecuador
  7. Chondrorhyncha velastiguiiDodson - Ecuador
<i>Cleisomeria</i> Genus of orchids

Cleisomeria is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. There are two known species, native to southeast Asia from Bangladesh to Borneo

Crossoglossa is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains 26 currently recognized species native to Central America and South America, from Nicaragua to Bolivia.

  1. Crossoglossa acuminatissimaNog.-Sav. & Carnevali - Colombia
  2. Crossoglossa aurantilineataPupulin - Costa Rica
  3. Crossoglossa barfodiiDodson - Ecuador
  4. Crossoglossa bifidaDressler - Panama
  5. Crossoglossa blephariglottis(Schltr.) Dressler ex Dodson - Panama, Costa Rica
  6. Crossoglossa boyleiDodson - Ecuador
  7. Crossoglossa caulescens(Lindl.) Dodson - Ecuador
  8. Crossoglossa dalessandroi(Dodson) Dodson - Ecuador
  9. Crossoglossa dalstroemii(Dodson) Dodson - Ecuador
  10. Crossoglossa dodsoniiR.Vásquez - Bolivia
  11. Crossoglossa ellipticaDressler - Panama
  12. Crossoglossa eustachys(Schltr.) Dressler ex Dodson - Panama, Costa Rica
  13. Crossoglossa exigua(Garay) Nog.-Sav. & G.A.Romero - Colombia
  14. Crossoglossa fratrum(Schltr.) Dressler ex Dodson - Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua
  15. Crossoglossa hirtziiDodson - Ecuador
  16. Crossoglossa kalbreyeriana(Kraenzl.) P.Ortiz - Colombia
  17. Crossoglossa liparidoides(Finet) Dodson - Ecuador, Peru
  18. Crossoglossa longissima(Kraenzl.) P.Ortiz - Colombia
  19. Crossoglossa nanegalensisDodson - Ecuador
  20. Crossoglossa neirynckianaSzlach. & Marg. - Ecuador
  21. Crossoglossa pichinchae(Schltr.) Dodson - Ecuador
  22. Crossoglossa polyblephara(Schltr.) Dodson - Colombia
  23. Crossoglossa sotoanaPupulin & Karremans - Costa Rica
  24. Crossoglossa steinii(Dodson) Dodson - Ecuador
  25. Crossoglossa tipuloides(Lindl.) Dodson - Colombia
  26. Crossoglossa topoensis(Mansf.) Dodson - Ecuador
<i>Diplocentrum</i> Genus of orchids

Diplocentrum is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It has two known species:

<i>Diplomeris</i> Genus of orchids

Diplomeris is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is native to China, the Indian subcontinent, and southeast Asia. Three species are currently recognized :

<i>Epistephium</i> Genus of orchids

Epistephium is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is native to South America, with a few species in Belize and Trinidad.

  1. Epistephium amabileSchltr.
  2. Epistephium amplexicaulePoepp. & Endl.
  3. Epistephium brevicristatumR.E.Schult.
  4. Epistephium duckeiHuber
  5. Epistephium elatumKunth in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth
  6. Epistephium ellipticumR.O.Williams & Summerh. (Belize)
  7. Epistephium frederici-augustiRchb.f. & Warsz.
  8. Epistephium hernandiiGaray
  9. Epistephium lamprophyllumSchltr.
  10. Epistephium laxiflorumBarb.Rodr.
  11. Epistephium lobulosumGaray
  12. Epistephium lucidumCogn. in C.F.P.von Martius
  13. Epistephium matogrossenseHoehne
  14. Epistephium parviflorumLindl.
  15. Epistephium portellianumBarb.Rodr.
  16. Epistephium praestansHoehne
  17. Epistephium sclerophyllumLindl.
  18. Epistephium sessiliflorumLindl.
  19. Epistephium speciosumBarb.Rodr.
  20. Epistephium subrepensHoehne
  21. Epistephium williamsiiHook.f.

Euryblema is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains two known species, native to Panama and Colombia.

<i>Triphora</i> (plant) Genus of orchids

Triphora is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is native to South America, Central America, southern Mexico, the West Indies and eastern North America as far north as Ontario. Noddingcaps is a common name for plants in this genus.

  1. Triphora amazonicaSchltr. - Florida, Caribbean, south to Brazil
  2. Triphora carnosula(Rchb.f.) Schltr. - Brazil
  3. Triphora craigheadiiLuer - Florida
  4. Triphora debilis(Schltr.) Schltr. - southern Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama
  5. Triphora duckeiSchltr. - Brazil
  6. Triphora foldatsiiCarnevali - Venezuela
  7. Triphora gentianoides(Sw.) Nutt. ex Ames & Schltr. - Florida, Southern Mexico, Costa Rica, Veenzuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bahamas, Greater Antilles
  8. Triphora hassleriana(Cogn. ex Chodat & Hassl.) Schltr. - from Mexico to Argentina
  9. Triphora heringeriPabst - Brazil
  10. Triphora miserrima(Cogn.) Acuña - Cuba, Hispaniola
  11. Triphora nitida(Schltr.) Schltr. - Costa Rica
  12. Triphora pusilla(Rchb.f. & Warm.) Schltr. - Brazil
  13. Triphora ravenii(L.O.Williams) Garay - Costa Rica, Panama
  14. Triphora santamariensisPortalet - Brazil
  15. Triphora surinamensis(Lindl. ex Benth.) Britton - West Indies south to Brazil
  16. Triphora trianthophoros(Sw.) Rydb. Ontario, Eastern United States, much of Mexico
  17. Triphora unifloraA.W.C.Ferreira, Baptista & Pansarin - Brazil
  18. Triphora wagneriSchltr. - from Mexico to Ecuador
  19. Triphora yucatanensisAmes - Florida and the Yucatán Peninsula

Helleriella is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains two known species, native to Mexico and Central America.

<i>Homalopetalum</i> Genus of orchids

Homalopetalum is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains 8 known species native to Central America, northern South America, Mexico and the West Indies.

  1. Homalopetalum alticola(Garay & Dunst.) Soto Arenas - Venezuela
  2. Homalopetalum hypoleptum(Lindl.) Soto Arenas - Brazil
  3. Homalopetalum kienastii(Rchb.f.) Withner - Mexico
  4. Homalopetalum leochilus(Rchb.f.) Soto Arenas - Cuba, Dominican Republic
  5. Homalopetalum pachyphyllum(L.O.Williams) Dressler - Mexico
  6. Homalopetalum pumilio(Rchb.f.) Schltr. - Mexico, Central America, Ecuador
  7. Homalopetalum pumilum(Ames) Dressler - Mexico
  8. Homalopetalum vomeriforme(Sw.) Fawc. & Rendle - Cuba, Jamaica

Ixyophora is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It has 5 known species, all native to South America.

  1. Ixyophora aurantiaca(Senghas & G.Gerlach) Dressler - Peru
  2. Ixyophora carinata(P.Ortiz) Dressler - Colombia
  3. Ixyophora fosterae(Dodson) P.A.Harding - Bolivia
  4. Ixyophora luerorum(R.Vásquez & Dodson) P.A.Harding - Bolivia
  5. Ixyophora viridisepala(Senghas) Dressler - Ecuador
<i>Polystachya neobenthamia</i> Species of orchids

Polystachya neobenthamia is a species of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is terrestrial, lithophilic and grows among leaf litter and other detritus on rock faces. It is endemic to Tanzania.

<i>Oreorchis</i> Genus of orchids

Oreorchis is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is native to Asia. Species currently accepted as of June 2014:

  1. Oreorchis angustataL.O.Williams ex N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb - Sichuan, Yunnan
  2. Oreorchis aurantiacaP.J.Cribb & N.Pearce - Myanmar
  3. Oreorchis bilamellataFukuy. - Taiwan
  4. Oreorchis discigeraW.W.Sm. - Myanmar
  5. Oreorchis erythrochryseaHand.-Mazz. - Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan
  6. Oreorchis fargesiiFinet - Fujian, Gansu, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
  7. Oreorchis foliosa(Lindl.) Lindl. - India, Assam, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Tibet, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan
  8. Oreorchis itoana(F.Maek.) Perner - Honshu
  9. Oreorchis micranthaLindl. - Tibet, Taiwan, Assam, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar
  10. Oreorchis nanaSchltr. - Sichuan, Yunnan, Hubei
  11. Oreorchis nepalensisN.Pearce & P.J.Cribb - Nepal, Tibet
  12. Oreorchis oliganthaSchltr. - Gansu, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan
  13. Oreorchis parvulaSchltr. - Sichuan, Yunnan
  14. Oreorchis patens(Lindl.) Lindl. - Japan, Korea, Russian Far East, China
  15. Oreorchis porphyranthesTuyama - Nepal
  16. Oreorchis sanguinea(N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb - Bhutan
<i>Schiedeella</i> Genus of flowering plants

Schiedeella is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is native to the Western Hemisphere: Mexico, the West Indies and Central America, with one species (S. arizonica) in the southwestern United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eriinae</span> Subtribe of orchids

The Eriinae form a subtribe of Podochileae, a tribe of the orchid family (Orchidaceae). The name is derived from the genus Eria.

References

  1. Chase, Mark W.; Cameron, Kenneth M.; Freudenstein, John V.; Pridgeon, Alec M.; Salazar, Gerardo; van den Berg, Cássio; Schuiteman, André (2015). "An updated classification of Orchidaceae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 177 (2): 151–174. doi: 10.1111/boj.12234 . ISSN   0024-4074.
  2. "Types of Orchids: A Visual Compendium". FTD.com. 1 March 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2021.