List of reptiles of Texas

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This is a list of Texas reptiles, including all snakes, lizards, crocodilians, and turtles native to the state of Texas.


The state of Texas has a large variety of habitats, from swamps, coastal marshes and pine forests in the east, rocky hills and limestone karst in the center, desert in the south and west, mountains in the far west, and grassland prairie in the north. This vast contrast in biomes makes Texas home to an extremely wide variety of herpetofauna. Its central position in the United States means that species found primarily in either the western or eastern reaches of the country often have their ranges meeting in the state. Its proximity to Mexico is such that many species found there and into Central America range as far north as Texas. The abundance of reptiles makes the state a prime area for research, and most species found in Texas have been well studied.

Texas state law protects several reptile species; threatened species denoted as (T) and endangered species denoted as (E). The moderate climate of Texas has also led to some species being introduced to the state and establishing a permanent population, denoted as (I).


American alligator Gatrhole.jpg
American alligator

Family Alligatoridae


Texas alligator lizard Gerrhonotus infernalis.jpg
Texas alligator lizard

Alligator lizards

Family Anguidae (anguid lizards)


Green anole Carolina Anole.jpg
Green anole

Family Dactyloidae (anoles)

Collared lizards

Common collared lizard Collared lizard in Zion National Park.jpg
Common collared lizard

Family Crotaphytidae (collared and leopard lizards)


Texas Banded Gecko Coleonyx brevis.jpg
Texas Banded Gecko

Family Gekkonidae (geckos)


Family Iguanidae (iguanas)

Legless lizards

Western slender glass lizard Slender glass lizard.jpg
Western slender glass lizard

Spiny and horned lizards

roundtail horned lizard Phrynosoma modestum2.jpg
roundtail horned lizard
Texas spiny lizard Sceloporus olivaceus.jpg
Texas spiny lizard
Texas tree lizard Urosaurus ornatus.jpg
Texas tree lizard

Family Phrynosomatidae (sand, horned, and spiny lizards)


Ground skink Scincella lateralis.jpg
Ground skink

Family Scincidae (skinks)


Trans-Pecos striped whiptail Cnemidophorus inornatus heptagrammus.jpg
Trans-Pecos striped whiptail
Desert grassland whiptail Cnemidophorus uniparens (Buffalo Zoo).jpg
Desert grassland whiptail

Family Teiidae (Whiptails)


Plains blind snake Leptotyphlops dulcis.jpg
Plains blind snake

Blind Snakes

Family Leptotyphlopidae


Eastern yellowbelly racer Coluber constrictor flaviventris.jpg
Eastern yellowbelly racer
Regal ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus.jpg
Regal ringneck snake
Texas indigo snake Drymarchon corais erebennus.jpg
Texas indigo snake
Texas rat snake Pantherophis obsoletus lindheimeri.jpg
Texas rat snake
Eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos2.jpg
Eastern hognose snake
Texas night snake Hypsiglena torquata jani.jpg
Texas night snake
Grey-banded kingsnake Lampropeltis alterna.jpg
Grey-banded kingsnake
Mexican milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum annulata.jpg
Mexican milk snake
Western coachwhip Masticophis flagellum.jpg
Western coachwhip
Diamondback water snake Nerodia rhombifer.jpg
Diamondback water snake
Texas long-nosed snake Rhinocheilus lecontei tessellatus.jpg
Texas long-nosed snake
Texas brown snake Storeria dekayi texana.jpg
Texas brown snake
Red-stripe ribbon snake Thamnophis proximus rubrilineatus.jpg
Red-stripe ribbon snake
Texas garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis annectens.jpg
Texas garter snake
Texas lyre snake Trimorphodon biscutatus vilkinsonii.jpg
Texas lyre snake

Family Colubridae


Texas coral snake Micrurus tener.jpg
Texas coral snake

Family Elapidae


Western cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma.jpg
Western cottonmouth
Canebrake rattlesnake Crotalus horridus atricaudatus2.jpg
Canebrake rattlesnake

Family Viperidae (vipers)


Hawksbill turtle Hawksbill turtle doeppne-081.jpg
Hawksbill turtle
Leatherback sea turtle LeatherbackTurtle.jpg
Leatherback sea turtle

Marine turtles

Family Cheloniidae (marine turtles)

Family Dermochelidae (leatherback sea turtles)

Mud and musk turtles

Common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus.jpg
Common musk turtle

Family Kinosternidae (mud and musk turtles)

Pond and box turtles

Chicken turtle Deirochelys reticularia.jpg
Chicken turtle
Diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin.jpg
Diamondback terrapin
Texas river cooter Pseudemys texana.jpg
Texas river cooter
Ornate & Desert box turtle Ornate and desert.jpg
Ornate & Desert box turtle

Family Emydidae (water and box turtles)

Snapping turtles

Alligator snapping turtle Alligator Snapping Turtle.jpg
Alligator snapping turtle

Family Chelydridae (snapping turtles)

Softshell turtles

Spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera.jpg
Spiny softshell turtle

Family Trionychidae (softshell turtles)


Texas Tortoise Gopherus berlandieri.jpg
Texas Tortoise

Family Testudinidae (gopher tortoises)

See also

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