List of reptiles of Texas

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This is a list of Texas reptiles, including all snakes, lizards, crocodilians, and turtles native to the state of Texas.

Contents

The state of Texas has a large variety of habitats, from swamps, coastal marshes and pine forests in the east, rocky hills and limestone karst in the center, desert in the south and west, mountains in the far west, and grassland prairie in the north. This vast contrast in biomes makes Texas home to an extremely wide variety of herpetofauna. Its central position in the United States means that species found primarily in either the western or eastern reaches of the country often have their ranges meeting in the state. Its proximity to Mexico is such that many species found there and into Central America range as far north as Texas. The abundance of reptiles makes the state a prime area for research, and most species found in Texas have been well studied.

Texas state law protects several reptile species; threatened species denoted as (T) and endangered species denoted as (E). The moderate climate of Texas has also led to some species being introduced to the state and establishing a permanent population, denoted as (I).

Crocodilians

American alligator Gatrhole.jpg
American alligator

Family Alligatoridae

Lizards

Texas alligator lizard Gerrhonotus infernalis.jpg
Texas alligator lizard

Alligator lizards

Family Anguidae (anguid lizards)

Anoles

Green anole Carolina Anole.jpg
Green anole

Family Dactyloidae (anoles)

Collared lizards

Common collared lizard Collared lizard in Zion National Park.jpg
Common collared lizard

Family Crotaphytidae (collared and leopard lizards)

Geckos

Texas Banded Gecko Coleonyx brevis.jpg
Texas Banded Gecko

Family Gekkonidae (geckos)

Iguanas

Family Iguanidae (iguanas)

Legless lizards

Western slender glass lizard Slender glass lizard.jpg
Western slender glass lizard

Spiny and horned lizards

roundtail horned lizard Phrynosoma modestum2.jpg
roundtail horned lizard
Texas spiny lizard Sceloporus olivaceus.jpg
Texas spiny lizard
Texas tree lizard Urosaurus ornatus.jpg
Texas tree lizard

Family Phrynosomatidae (sand, horned, and spiny lizards)

Skinks

Ground skink Scincella lateralis.jpg
Ground skink

Family Scincidae (skinks)

Whiptails

Trans-Pecos striped whiptail Cnemidophorus inornatus heptagrammus.jpg
Trans-Pecos striped whiptail
Desert grassland whiptail Cnemidophorus uniparens (Buffalo Zoo).jpg
Desert grassland whiptail

Family Teiidae (Whiptails)

Snakes

Plains blind snake Leptotyphlops dulcis.jpg
Plains blind snake

Blind Snakes

Family Leptotyphlopidae

Colubrids

Eastern yellowbelly racer Coluber constrictor flaviventris.jpg
Eastern yellowbelly racer
Regal ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus.jpg
Regal ringneck snake
Texas indigo snake Drymarchon corais erebennus.jpg
Texas indigo snake
Texas rat snake Pantherophis obsoletus lindheimeri.jpg
Texas rat snake
Eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos2.jpg
Eastern hognose snake
Texas night snake Hypsiglena torquata jani.jpg
Texas night snake
Grey-banded kingsnake Lampropeltis alterna.jpg
Grey-banded kingsnake
Mexican milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum annulata.jpg
Mexican milk snake
Western coachwhip Masticophis flagellum.jpg
Western coachwhip
Diamondback water snake Nerodia rhombifer.jpg
Diamondback water snake
Texas long-nosed snake Rhinocheilus lecontei tessellatus.jpg
Texas long-nosed snake
Texas brown snake Storeria dekayi texana.jpg
Texas brown snake
Red-stripe ribbon snake Thamnophis proximus rubrilineatus.jpg
Red-stripe ribbon snake
Texas garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis annectens.jpg
Texas garter snake
Texas lyre snake Trimorphodon biscutatus vilkinsonii.jpg
Texas lyre snake

Family Colubridae

Elapids

Texas coral snake Micrurus tener.jpg
Texas coral snake

Family Elapidae

Viperids

Western cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma.jpg
Western cottonmouth
Canebrake rattlesnake Crotalus horridus atricaudatus2.jpg
Canebrake rattlesnake

Family Viperidae (vipers)

Turtles

Hawksbill turtle Hawksbill turtle doeppne-081.jpg
Hawksbill turtle
Leatherback sea turtle LeatherbackTurtle.jpg
Leatherback sea turtle

Marine turtles

Family Cheloniidae (marine turtles)

Family Dermochelidae (leatherback sea turtles)

Mud and musk turtles

Common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus.jpg
Common musk turtle

Family Kinosternidae (mud and musk turtles)

Pond and box turtles

Chicken turtle Deirochelys reticularia.jpg
Chicken turtle
Diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin.jpg
Diamondback terrapin
Texas river cooter Pseudemys texana.jpg
Texas river cooter
Ornate & Desert box turtle Ornate and desert.jpg
Ornate & Desert box turtle

Family Emydidae (water and box turtles)

Snapping turtles

Alligator snapping turtle Alligator Snapping Turtle.jpg
Alligator snapping turtle

Family Chelydridae (snapping turtles)

Softshell turtles

Spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera.jpg
Spiny softshell turtle

Family Trionychidae (softshell turtles)

Tortoises

Texas Tortoise Gopherus berlandieri.jpg
Texas Tortoise

Family Testudinidae (gopher tortoises)

See also

Related Research Articles

In the 10th edition of Systema Naturae, Carl Linnaeus described the Amphibia as:

Animals that are distinguished by a body cold and generally naked; stern and expressive countenance; harsh voice; mostly lurid color; filthy odor; a few are furnished with a horrid poison; all have cartilaginous bones, slow circulation, exquisite sight and hearing, large pulmonary vessels, lobate liver, oblong thick stomach, and cystic, hepatic, and pancreatic ducts: they are deficient in diaphragm, do not transpire (sweat), can live a long time without food, are tenatious of life, and have the power of reproducing parts which have been destroyed or lost; some undergo a metamorphosis; some cast (shed) their skin; some appear to live promiscuously on land or in the water, and some are torpid during the winter.

Caryospora is a genus of parasitic protozoa in the phylum Apicomplexa. The species in this genus infect birds and reptiles with the majority of described species infecting snakes. It is the third largest genus in the family Eimeriidae.

Isla Coronados Gulf of California island

Isla Coronados, is an island in the Gulf of California east of the Baja California Peninsula in Baja California Sur state, Mexico. The island is uninhabited and is part of the Loreto Municipality.

This page contains lists of reptiles found in the Reserva de la Biosfera Manantlan which straddles the states of Colima and Jalisco, in Mexico. The reserve is located in the transition of the Nearctic and Neotropical realms and encompasses parts of the Sierra Madre del Sur, with a wide range of altitudes, climates and soils. The effects of tectonic and volcanic activities and erosion are notable within the reserve.

References