List of buildings with 100 floors or more

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This is a list of buildings with 100 floors or more above ground. Among the cities Dubai and Chicago tops the list with 3 buildings above 100 floors. New York, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Guangzhou have 2 each.

Storey level part of a building that could be used by people

A storey or story is any level part of a building with a floor that could be used by people. The plurals are "storeys" and "stories", respectively.

Dubai Metropolis in United Arab Emirates

Dubai is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the capital of the Emirate of Dubai.

Chicago city and county seat of Cook County, Illinois, United States

Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the most-populous city in the U.S. state of Illinois and the third-most-populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,705,994 (2018), it is also the most-populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the county seat of Cook County, the second-most-populous county in the US, and portions of the city extend westward into neighboring DuPage County. It is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland. At nearly 10 million people, the metropolitan area is the third-most-populous in the nation.

Contents

Completed buildings

This list includes buildings whose construction is complete, or are topped-out.

RankStructureCityCountryFloorsStatusYearHeight to architectural topHeight to roofHeight to pinnacle
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 163 [1] [2] Complete2010828 m (2,717 ft)828 m (2,717 ft)829.8 m (2,722 ft)
2 Shanghai Tower Shanghai Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 128Complete2015632 m (2,073 ft)556.7 m (1,826 ft)632 m (2,073 ft)
3 Lotte World Tower Seoul Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 123 [3] Complete2016555.65 m (1,823.0 ft)554.57 m (1,819.5 ft)555.7 m / 1,823 ft
4 Abraj Al Bait Mecca Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 120 [4] Complete2011601 m (1,972 ft)530 m (1,740 ft)601 m (1,972 ft)
5 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 118Complete2010484 m (1,588 ft)484 m (1,588 ft)484 m (1,588 ft)
6 Goldin Finance 117 Tianjin Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 117Topped-out2018597 m (1,959 ft)
7 Ping An Finance Center Shenzhen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 115Complete2017599 m (1,965 ft)555 m (1,821 ft)599 m (1,965 ft)
8 Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre Guangzhou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 111Complete2015530 m (1,740 ft)495 m (1,624 ft)530 m (1,740 ft)
9 Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 108 [5] Complete1974442 m (1,450 ft)442 m (1,450 ft)527 m (1,729 ft)
10 China Zun Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 109Complete2018528 m (1,732 ft)528 m (1,732 ft)528 m (1,732 ft)
11 The Exchange 106 Kuala Lumpur Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 106Topped-out2018452 m (1,483 ft)452 m (1,483 ft)452 m (1,483 ft)
12 Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 105Topped-out1992330 m (1,080 ft)330 m (1,080 ft)330 m (1,080 ft)
13 One World Trade Center New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 104Complete2013541.3 m (1,776 ft)417 m (1,368 ft)546.2 m (1,792 ft)
14 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 103Complete2010440 m (1,440 ft)438 m (1,437 ft)440 m (1,440 ft)
15 Empire State Building New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 102Complete1931381 m (1,250 ft)381 m (1,250 ft)449 m (1,473 ft)
16 Marina 101 Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 101Complete2017426.5 m (1,399 ft)375.4 m (1,232 ft)426.5 m (1,399 ft)
17 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 101Complete2008492 m (1,614 ft)492 m (1,614 ft)492 m (1,614 ft)
18 Taipei 101 Taipei Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 101Complete2004509 m (1,670 ft)449 m (1,473 ft)509 m (1,670 ft)
19 Princess Tower Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 101Complete2012414 m (1,358 ft)392 m (1,286 ft)414 m (1,358 ft)
20 LCT Landmark Tower Busan Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 101Topped-out2019411 m (1,348 ft)
21 Vista Tower Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 101Topped-out2019365 m (1,198 ft)
22 30 Hudson Yards New York Flag of the United States.svg  United States 101Complete2019387 m (1,270 ft)387 m (1,270 ft)387 m (1,270 ft)
23 875 North Michigan Avenue Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 100Complete1969344 m (1,129 ft)344 m (1,129 ft)457 m (1,499 ft)
24 Kingkey 100 Shenzhen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 100Complete [6] 2011442 m (1,450 ft)442 m (1,450 ft)442 m (1,450 ft)

Buildings under construction

This is a list of buildings under construction that are planned to have 100 floors or more. It does not include proposed, approved and topped-out buildings. [7]

StructureCityCountryFloors completedFloorsYearHeight to architectural topRemarks
Jeddah Tower Jeddah Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 6616820211,008 m (3,307 ft)
Dubai One Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 01612023711 m (2,333 ft)
Tower M Kuala Lumpur Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 01452035700 m (2,300 ft)
Shimao Shenzhen–Hong Kong International Centre Shenzhen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 01402024700 m (2,300 ft)
Suzhou Zhongnan Center Suzhou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 01382022729 m (2,392 ft)
Central Park Tower New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1181312020472 m (1,549 ft)
Rama IX Super Tower Bangkok Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 01252022615 m (2,018 ft)
Burj Jumeirah Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 01242023550 m (1,800 ft)
Pentominium Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 281222024516 m (1,693 ft)
Entisar Tower Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 01212022570 m (1,870 ft)
PNB 118 Kuala Lumpur Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 781182021666 m (2,185 ft)
World One Mumbai Flag of India.svg  India 831172024442 m (1,450 ft)
Doha Tower and Convention Center Doha Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 01152021570 m (1,870 ft)
Baoneng Shenyang Global Financial Center Shenyang Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 141142020568 m (1,864 ft)
Evergrande International Financial Center T1 Hefei Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 71122021518 m (1,699 ft)
One Tower Moscow Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 01082024405 m (1,329 ft)
Marina 106 Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 461062024445 m (1,460 ft)
Akhmat Tower Grozny Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 01022020435 m (1,427 ft)
Chengdu Greenland Tower Chengdu Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 651012021468 m (1,535 ft)
Qatar National Bank Tower Doha Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 01012026510 m (1,670 ft)
Eye of Spring Trade Center Kunming Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 61002021407 m (1,335 ft)
Australia 108 Melbourne Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 941002020317 m (1,040 ft)

Buildings cancelled

The following list is of those buildings that were planned to have 100 floors or more, for which the project did start but is now officially cancelled. [7]

StructureCityCountryFloorsHeight to architectural topRemarks
Nakheel Tower Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 2301,000 m (3,300 ft)The Tower was announced in 2008. The project was halted in 2009 due to financial problems, and it was cancelled in December 2009.
Chicago World Trade Center Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 210762 m (2,500 ft)

Proposed in 1982 and cancelled in the 1990s.

Sky City Changsha Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 202838 m (2,749 ft)The building was set to break ground in June 2013, aiming to be the world's tallest building. However, on July 25, 2013 the project was halted due to insufficient permission. In February 2015 it was reported that the construction would continue in 2016, but needed to be approved by the national level (for buildings over 350 meters only). Later, in July 2015, no work had been done there for two years. Some of the material they planned to use to build were now used by local villagers, probably removing them to make a fishing pond.[ citation needed ]
Incheon Tower Incheon Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 151613 m (2,011 ft)Foundation work started at 2008. Construction halted 2009.
Chicago Spire Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 150610 m (2,000 ft)Foundation work started on what would have been the world's tallest residential building. The project was cancelled in 2008 after a troubled financial history. In March 2014, new funding required to restart the project was announced. However, on October 31, 2014, the developer failed to make a required payment to Related Midwest and Related filed suit to compel Shelbourne to turn over the deed to the property. [8] [9] [10]
Wuhan Greenland Center Wuhan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 126636 m (2,087 ft)Had to be redesigned as a 97-story building to maintain safe approaches to the local airport.
Wuhan Chow Tai Fook Finance Centre Wuhan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 121648 m (2,126 ft)

Originally it was going to have 648 meters and 121 floors, but it was reduced to a building of 475 meters and 85 floors.

Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 125610 m (2,000 ft)The project was cancelled in 1993 because of the Persian Gulf War.
Crown Las Vegas Las Vegas Flag of the United States.svg  United States 142575 m (1,886 ft)The tower was announced in 2006. After two major redesigns, the project was officially cancelled in March 2008.
Kowloon MTR Tower Hong Kong Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 102574 m (1,883 ft)Now built as the International Commerce Center.
Seoul Light Tower Seoul Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 133643 m (2,110 ft)This building was the proposed landmark building of Digital Media City. Its construction started in 2008, but it was cancelled at 2011 because of conflict between the City of Seoul and the developer company.
India Tower Mumbai Flag of India.svg  India 126718 m (2,356 ft)Foundation work began in 2010, but construction halted in 2011, and was cancelled as of 2015.
Old Chicago Main Post Office Twin Towers Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 120610 m (2,000 ft)The project was approved on July 18, 2013 and it was cancelled in December 2014.
New York Stock Exchange Tower New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 140546 m (1,791 ft)The tower was cancelled in 2001 because of 9/11.
Busan Lotte Town Tower Busan Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 107510 m (1,670 ft)On Hold since 2013, to resume in 2018, was cancelled in 2019.
Peachtree Financial Tower Atlanta Flag of the United States.svg  United States 119448 m (1,470 ft)This building was announced in 2008 but the project was cancelled in 2012.
Russia Tower Moscow Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 118612 m (2,008 ft)Construction started and a cornerstone was laid. The project was cancelled in 2009.
Grollo Tower Melbourne Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 113560 m (1,840 ft)The tower was proposed in 1997. After a major redesign, the project was officially cancelled in 2004.
Meraas Tower Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 112550 m (1,800 ft)The tower was proposed in 2008, the project was cancelled in 2009 due to financial crisis.
Nina Tower Hong Kong Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 110520 m (1,710 ft)Redesigned and built as 2 buildings.
Television City Tower New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 150510 m (1,670 ft)Proposed by Donald Trump as the tallest building in the world at the time, the project was cancelled in 1988 due to fierce local opposition.
10 Columbus Circle New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 137500 m (1,600 ft)Now built as the Time Warner Center.
7 South Dearborn Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 112478 m (1,568 ft)Intended to be the tallest building in the world at the time, 7 South Dearborn was approved in 1999 but it was cancelled in 2001 because of a lack of funding.
Transbay Terminal and Tower San Francisco Flag of the United States.svg  United States 112419 m (1,375 ft)It was approved in 2010 but it was cancelled in 2013 because of development on the project called the Salesforce Tower.
Tower Triple One Seoul Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 111621 m (2,037 ft)This building was the proposed landmark building of the Yongsan International Business District. Its construction started in 2011, but it was cancelled in 2013 because of conflict between Korail and Dream Hub, the developer. It will be replaced by the 665 meter Dream Tower.
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel and Residence Tower Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 111414 m (1,358 ft)The project was proposed in 2009. The project was cancelled in 2012.
Burj Al Alam Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 108510 m (1,670 ft)Foundation work started. Construction halted in 2009 and finally cancelled in 2013.
Millennium Tower Frankfurt Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 104369 m (1,211 ft)This building was proposed in 2000 by Donald Trump. But it was cancelled in 2008 due to financial crisis.
Al Quds Endowment Tower Doha Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 100495 m (1,624 ft)Foundation work started. Construction halted in 2010.
London Millennium Tower London Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 108366 m (1,201 ft)Now built as the Gherkin.
Palace of the Soviets Moscow Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 100495 m (1,624 ft)Construction started in 1937 on the site of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, which had been demolished in 1931. Construction was halted by the German invasion of 1941 but the project never resumed after the war. The cathedral was finally rebuilt on the same site in the 1990s.
Metropolitan Life North Building New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 100375 m (1,230 ft)Designed in the 1920s as a 100-story skyscraper that would have been the tallest building in the world. Due to the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and onset of the Great Depression, construction was halted at floor 29 in 1933. There is some speculation as to whether Metropolitan Life really intended to finish the 100-story building.

Proposed buildings

The list includes buildings that were proposed or envisioned to have 100 floors or more, yet have advanced to the construction stage. It does not include never built, under construction buildings.

StructureCityCountryFloorsStatusYear proposedHeightNotes
X-Seed 4000 Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 800Vision19954,000 m (13,000 ft)X-Seed 4000 is the tallest building ever proposed.
Shimizu TRY-2004 Mega-City Pyramid Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 600Vision19962,004 m (6,575 ft)A proposed arcology project for the construction of a massive pyramid over Tokyo Bay in Japan.
The Illinois Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 528Vision19561,609.3 m (5,280 ft)
Ultima Tower San Francisco Flag of the United States.svg  United States 500Vision19913,218.7 m (10,560 ft)
Aeropolis 2001 Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 500Vision19892,001 m (6,565 ft)
Dubai City Tower Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 400Vision20082,400 m (7,900 ft)A proposed megatall skyscraper announced in 2008.
Sky Mile Tower Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 400Proposed 20151,700 m (5,600 ft)
Times Squared 3015 New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 321Proposed 20151,733 m (5,686 ft)
Millennium Challenge Tower Kuwait City Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 300Proposed 20051,852 m (6,076 ft)
Bionic Tower Shanghai or Hong Kong,
as both locations have the interest.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 300Vision19971,228.2 m (4,030 ft)A visionary proposal for a vertical city housing at least 100,000 people.
Mubarak al-Kabir Tower Madinat al-Hareer Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 234Proposed 20061,001 m (3,284 ft)A Megatall proposal will be taller than Al Hamra Tower, it will be part of the future city called Madinat al-Hareer.
Tour Financial Hub Center Seoul Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 220Visionary2006960 m (3,150 ft)A Proposed Megatall will be taller than the Lotte World Tower in Seoul, South Korea. However, due to the height restrictions, construction wasn't allowed and it seems unsure in 2016.
One Dubai Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 201Vision20081,008 m (3,307 ft)
Murjan Tower Manama Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain 200Proposed 20061,022 m (3,353 ft)
Buenos Aires Forum Buenos Aires Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 200Proposed 2009999 m (3,278 ft)
DIB-200 Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 200Visionary1993800 m (2,600 ft)
Sky City 1000 Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 196Vision19891,000 m (3,300 ft)
Azerbaijan Tower Baku Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan 189Proposed 20121,050 m (3,440 ft)
Millennium Tower Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 170Proposed 1989840 m (2,760 ft)
Qianhai Tower Shenzhen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 162Visionary2011800 m (2,600 ft)
Kostabi World Trade Center New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 160Visionlate 1990s610 m (2,000 ft)

Port Tower Complex

Bengaluru Turf Tower Bangalore Flag of India.svg  India 156Approved 2014660 m (2,170 ft)Cancelled
Iconic Tower Grand Dhaka Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 142Approved 2016734 m (2,408 ft)
KLCC East Gate Tower Kuala Lumpur Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 142Proposed2014700 m (2,300 ft)
Eaton's / John Maryon Tower Toronto Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 140Vision1971686 m (2,251 ft)
Grollo Tower Melbourne Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 137Vision1995680 m (2,230 ft)
Dream Tower Seoul Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 136Proposed 2009665 m (2,182 ft)
The Big Bend New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 130Proposed2015610 m (2,000 ft)
Port Tower Complex Karachi Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 130Visionary2009593 m (1,946 ft)
Shenzhen Tower Shenzhen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 128Proposed2016642 m (2,106 ft)
Gateway Tower Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 127Approved 2016610 m (2,000 ft)
Nexus Tower Shenzhen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 124Proposed2016595 m (1,952 ft)
Al-Aman World Capital Center Colombo Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 117Proposed 2015625 m (2,051 ft)
One Galleon Place Pasig Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 117Vision2007470 m (1,540 ft)
Burj 2020 Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 115Approved 2013660 m (2,170 ft)Uptown Dubai
One World Trade Center New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 115Visionary2004566 m (1,857 ft)
Two World Trade Center New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 115Visionary2004450 m (1,480 ft)
Al Noor Tower Casablanca Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 114Proposed 2014540 m (1,770 ft)
Signature Tower Jakarta Jakarta Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 113Approved2013638 m (2,093 ft)
80 South Street New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 113Proposed2003438 m (1,437 ft)
Tribune East Tower Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 113Approved 2018433 m (1,421 ft)
Hudson Spire New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 110Proposed2014550 m (1,800 ft)
520 West 41st Street New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 106Proposed2014335 m (1,099 ft)
Hyundai Global Business Center Seoul Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 105Approved 2014569 m (1,867 ft)
Tour Sans Fins Paris Flag of France.svg  France 103Vision1990426 m (1,398 ft)
Green Spine Melbourne Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 101Proposed2018356 m (1,168 ft)
Pollux Habibie Financial Center & International Hotel Batam Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 100Proposed2015400 m (1,300 ft)
Bein Arim Tower Tel Aviv Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 100Approved 2013400 m (1,300 ft)

Destroyed buildings

This list comprises the two buildings that used to have over 100 floors but are no longer in existence.

StructureCityCountryFloorsYear completedYear destroyedReason for destructionHeight to top floorHeight to roofHeight to pinnacle
One World Trade Center New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11019722001 Terrorist attack 411 m (1,348 ft)417 m (1,368 ft)527.3 m (1,730 ft)
Two World Trade Center New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11019732001 Terrorist attack 409 m (1,342 ft)415 m (1,362 ft)

Timeline

This is a timeline of the building with the most floors out of buildings with 100 floors or more.

FromToBuildingCityCountryFloorsBuilt
19311972 Empire State Building New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1021931
19722001Twin Towers of the World Trade Center New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1101972
20012010 Sears Tower/Willis Tower Chicago Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1081974
2010Present Burj Khalifa Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 1632010

See also

Skyscraper design and construction

The design and construction of skyscrapers involves creating safe, habitable spaces in very high buildings. The buildings must support their weight, resist wind and earthquakes, and protect occupants from fire. Yet they must also be conveniently accessible, even on the upper floors, and provide utilities and a comfortable climate for the occupants. The problems posed in skyscraper design are considered among the most complex encountered given the balances required between economics, engineering, and construction management.

Related Research Articles

Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat International non-profit organisation in the field of tall buildings and sustainable urban design

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) is an international body in the field of tall buildings and sustainable urban design. A non-profit organization based at the Monroe Building in the city of Chicago, Illinois, United States, the CTBUH announces the title of "The World's Tallest Building" and is widely considered to be an authority on the official height of tall buildings. Its stated mission is to study and report "on all aspects of the planning, design, and construction of tall buildings." The Council was founded at Lehigh University in 1969 by Lynn S. Beedle, where its office remained until October 2003 when it moved to the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago.

Burj Khalifa Skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates

The Burj Khalifa, known as the Burj Dubai prior to its inauguration in 2010, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. With a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 ft) and a roof height of 828 m (2,717 ft), the Burj Khalifa has been the tallest structure and building in the world since its topping out in 2009.

Chicago Spire building

The Chicago Spire was a skyscraper project at 400 N. Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, Illinois that failed financially soon after construction began. When originally proposed as the Fordham Spire in July 2005, the design had 116 stories, included a hotel and condominiums, and was topped with a broadcast antenna mast. The building was designed and spearheaded by Spanish architect-engineer Santiago Calatrava and Chicago developer Christopher T. Carley of the Fordham Company. On March 16, 2006, the Chicago Plan Commission unanimously approved the initial design of the building. On November 4, 2014, a court ruling brought the original development plan and the extended litigation over the nine-year-old project to a close. Developer Garrett Kelleher signed over the property location to the project's biggest creditor, Related Midwest, who announced that they would not build the Spire and released their plans for the site.

The Mile High Illinois, Illinois Sky-City, or simply The Illinois was a proposed skyscraper that is over 1 mile (1,600 m) high, conceived and described by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright in his 1957 book, A Testament. The design, intended to be built in Chicago, included 528 stories, with a gross area of 18,460,000 square feet (1,715,000 m2). Wright stated that there would have been parking for 15,000 cars and 100 helicopters.

JW Marriott Marquis Dubai twin towers in Dubai

The JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Hotel is the world's second tallest hotel, a 72-storey, 355 m (1,165 ft) twin-tower skyscraper complex in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The AED1.8 billion complex features a 1,608-room hotel run by Marriott International.

The Burj Al Alam was a proposed 108-story, 510 m (1,670 ft) hyperboloid skyscraper in the Business Bay area of Dubai, United Arab Emirates, though the project's roots are in a 101-storey design called "Fortune 101" and slated for the Dubai Marina area. It was designed to resemble a crystal flower. If constructed, it would have become one of the world's tallest buildings. The tower was one of the projects of the Fortune Group, which has a number of other projects in Dubai such as the Fortune Bay and Fortune Tower.

Cayan Tower skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Cayan Tower, known as Infinity Tower before it was inaugurated, is a 306-metre-tall (1,004 ft), 75-story skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates by Cayan Real Estate Investment and Development. The tower is designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill SOM architectural group, the same group who did the concept design for the Burj Khalifa, also in Dubai, and Trump Tower in Chicago. Upon its opening on 10 June 2013, the tower became world's tallest high-rise building with a twist of 90 degrees. This record has since been surpassed by the Shanghai Tower, which opened in February 2015.

Princess Tower residential skyscraper

The Princess Tower is a 101-story, 413.4 m (1,356 ft) tall residential-only skyscraper located in the Marina district of Dubai, UAE. Princess Tower is currently the third tallest building in Dubai, after the Burj Khalifa and the Marina 101 and the 29th tallest building in the world. Princess Tower was the tallest residential building in the world from 2012 to 2015, when it was overtaken by 432 Park Avenue in New York City.

Pentominium supertall skyscraper on hold in Dubai, United Arab Emirates

The Pentominium is a 122-storey, 516 m (1,693 ft) supertall skyscraper on hold in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Construction on the tower has been halted since August 2011. It was designed by Andrew Bromberg of architects Aedas and funded by Trident International Holdings. The AED 1.46 billion construction contract was awarded to Arabian Construction Company (ACC). The Pentominium has one of the deepest excavations done in the world.

Burj Daman high-rise building

Burj Daman is a 65-floor tower in the Dubai International Financial Centre in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The building is to have a total structural height of 235 m (771 ft). The building topped out in 2011, construction of Rosewood Dubai completed in 2014. The building is now the 44th tallest in Dubai.

Jeddah Tower Skyscraper under construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Jeddah Tower, previously known as Kingdom Tower and Mile-High Tower, is a planned skyscraper on the north side of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. It is planned to be the world's first 1 km (3,281 ft) high building, and the centrepiece and first phase of a development and tourist attraction known as Jeddah Economic City.

The tallest building in the world, as of 2019, is Burj Khalifa. The title of "world's tallest building" has been borne by various buildings, such as the Rouen Cathedral and the Empire State Building.

Burj Al Fattan is a proposed supertall skyscraper for construction in Dubai Marina. The tower would be built on the site of a former hotel. Burj Al Fattan is projected to have 97 floors and a height of 463 m.

Ping An Finance Centre Skyscraper in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, China

Ping An International Finance Centre is a 115-storey, 599 m (1,965 ft) supertall skyscraper in Shenzhen, Guangdong. The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It was completed in 2017, becoming the tallest building in Shenzhen, the 2nd tallest building in China and the 4th tallest building in the world. It also broke the record of having the highest observation deck in a building at 562.2 m (1,844 ft).

Boulevard Plaza is a complex contains Boulevard Plaza 1 and Boulevard Plaza 2 located in Downtown Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The towers were proposed for construction on 2005, with the commencement of construction in 2007 and ended in 2010. The Boulevard Plaza 1 rises 168.45 m (552.7 ft) and Boulevard Plaza 2 rises 141.13 m (463.0 ft), while the complex have 37 and 30 floors respectively. Boulevard Plaza are located in Downtown Dubai, adjacent to the world's tallest building Burj Khalifa.

Salesforce Tower office building in San Francisco

Salesforce Tower, formerly known as the Transbay Tower, is a 1,070-foot (326 m) office skyscraper in the South of Market district of downtown San Francisco. It is located at 415 Mission Street between First and Fremont Streets, next to the Transbay Transit Center site. Salesforce Tower is the centerpiece of the San Francisco Transbay redevelopment plan. The plan contains a mix of office, transportation, retail, and residential uses.

References

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