Moore County, Tennessee

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Moore County, Tennessee
Moore County Courthouse in Lynchburg Tennessee 4-8-2010.jpg
Moore County Courthouse in Lynchburg
Map of Tennessee highlighting Moore County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of USA TN.svg
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Founded1871
Named forWilliam Moore, state legislator [1]
Seat Lynchburg
Largest cityLynchburg
Area
  Total130 sq mi (337 km2)
  Land129 sq mi (334 km2)
  Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.9%
Population
  (2010)6,362
  Density49/sq mi (19/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website Government & Education Services

Moore County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,362, [2] making it the third-least populous county in Tennessee. It forms a consolidated city-county government with its county seat of Lynchburg. [3]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Tennessee State of the United States of America

Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest and the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by eight states, with Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, and Missouri to the northwest. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2017 population of 667,560 and a 2017 metro population of 1,903,045. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 652,236 in 2017.

Contents

With 130 square miles (340 km2), it is the second-smallest county in Tennessee, behind only Trousdale. The county was created in 1871, during the Reconstruction era. [1] [4] Moore County is part of the Tullahoma-Manchester, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Trousdale County, Tennessee County in the United States

Trousdale County, also known as Hartsville/Trousdale County, As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,870. Its county seat is Hartsville, with which it shares a uniquely formed consolidated city-county government. With an area of just 117 square miles (300 km2), it is Tennessee's smallest county.

Reconstruction era Era of military occupation in the Southern United States after the American Civil War (1865–1877)

The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 to 1877 in American history. It was a significant chapter in the history of American civil rights.

Tullahoma, Tennessee City in Tennessee, United States

Tullahoma is a city in Coffee and Franklin counties in southern Middle Tennessee. The population was 18,655 at the 2010 census. In 2014 the population was estimated to be 18,899. It is the principal city of the Tullahoma micropolitan area, which consists of Coffee, Franklin, and Moore counties and is the second largest micropolitan area in Tennessee.

History

Moore County was established in 1871 from parts of Lincoln, Bedford and Franklin counties, and named in honor of General William Moore, an early settler and long-time member of the state legislature. [1] The new county originally contained about 300 square miles, but Lincoln County sued and successfully reclaimed a portion of its land, reducing the new county's size. [1]

Lincoln County, Tennessee County in the United States

Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 33,361. Its county seat and largest city is Fayetteville. The county is named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln, an officer in the American Revolutionary War.

Bedford County, Tennessee County in the United States

Bedford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,058. Its county seat is Shelbyville.

Franklin County, Tennessee County in the United States

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,052. Its county seat is Winchester.

Beginning in the 1820s, whiskey distilleries were developed in what is now Moore County. By 1875, fifteen distilleries were operating in the county. At the end of the 20th century, the Jack Daniel Distillery in Lynchburg was a major employer and the county's primary source of revenue. [1]

Because of the small size of this county, in the late 20th century city and county officials began to discuss creating a consolidated government in order to lower costs and improve services. In 1988, the Metropolitan Government of Lynchburg, Moore County, Tennessee was voted into law as the governing body of Moore County, including Lynchburg. [5] [6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 130 square miles (340 km2), of which 129 square miles (330 km2) are land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.9%) are water. [7] It is the second-smallest county in Tennessee by area. The county is located partially on the rugged Highland Rim and partially in the flatter Nashville Basin. [1]

The Highland Rim is a geographic term for the area in Tennessee surrounding the Central Basin. Nashville is largely surrounded by higher terrain in all directions.

The Nashville Basin, also known as the Central Basin, is a term often used to describe the area surrounding Nashville, Tennessee. The Central Basin was caused by an uplifting which produced a dome known as the Nashville Dome. The Nashville Dome is evidenced by the underlying rock strata that all dip downwards away from Nashville. The uplifting of the Nashville Dome fractured overlying strata, making it more easily eroded and thus the "dome" resulted in a "basin". Uplifted strata in the center of a geological dome have higher potential erosive energy than the surrounding strata, because they are physically higher. Erosion thus acts on the uplifted area at a greater rate than on the surrounding flat-lying area, creating a low area, i.e. a basin. This area is more correctly referred to as the "Central Dome" of Tennessee.

Adjacent counties

Protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 6,233
1890 5,975−4.1%
1900 5,706−4.5%
1910 4,800−15.9%
1920 4,491−6.4%
1930 4,037−10.1%
1940 4,0931.4%
1950 3,948−3.5%
1960 3,454−12.5%
1970 3,5683.3%
1980 4,51026.4%
1990 4,7214.7%
2000 5,74021.6%
2010 6,36210.8%
Est. 20166,323 [8] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2014 [2]
Age pyramid Moore County USA Moore County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Moore County

As of the census [14] of 2010, there were 6,362 people, 2,492 households, and 1,841 families residing in the county. There were 2,492 occupied housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 95.4% White, 2.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 1.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,492 households, out of which 27% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, male or female. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 20, 14.8% from 20 to 34, 20.5% from 35 to 49, 22.1% from 50 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years.

Per 2000 Census data, the median income for a household in the county was $36,591, and the median income for a family was $41,484. Males had a median income of $31,559 versus $20,987 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,040. 9.6% of the population, and 7.8% of families were below the poverty line. 11.7% were under the age of 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older.

Economy

Moore County is the location of the Jack Daniel Distillery, whose famous brand of Tennessee whiskey is marketed worldwide. Despite the distillery, Moore is a dry county. [15] This status dates to the passage of state prohibition laws in the early 20th century.

While federal prohibition ended in 1933 with the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment, state prohibition laws remain in effect. All Tennessee counties are dry by default, though any county can become "wet" by passing a county-wide "local option" referendum. Moore County has yet to pass such a referendum. [16]

Education

Schools in Moore County are a part of Moore County Schools, overseen by The Moore County Department of Education: [17]

Motlow State Community College is located in northern part of Moore County.

Politics

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results [18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 79.5%2,32517.0% 4963.6% 105
2012 73.4%2,05325.2% 7051.5% 41
2008 68.1%2,01029.8% 8812.1% 61
2004 60.1%1,66839.1% 1,0840.8% 22
2000 49.8%1,14548.1% 1,1072.1% 49
1996 42.7% 84647.2%93510.1% 199
1992 30.8% 66153.7%1,15115.5% 333
1988 51.4%78647.8% 7310.9% 13
1984 51.4%86348.1% 8080.5% 9
1980 34.6% 55162.3%9933.2% 51
1976 22.9% 33176.0%1,1011.1% 16
1972 61.0%60835.7% 3563.2% 32
1968 15.7% 22424.3% 34660.0%856
1964 20.3% 26479.7%1,034
1960 26.4% 31372.7%8630.9% 11
1956 23.1% 27076.5%8930.3% 4
1952 30.0% 35470.0%826
1948 12.3% 10262.9%52324.8% 206
1944 16.2% 14383.8%742
1940 10.8% 10688.5%8690.7% 7
1936 12.2% 10187.2%7190.6% 5
1932 6.5% 6592.7%9230.8% 8
1928 23.3% 13375.5%4311.2% 7
1924 7.6% 4191.6%4920.7% 4
1920 15.3% 9084.7%497
1916 9.0% 7191.1%722
1912 14.1% 11684.4%6941.5% 12

See also

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Lynchburg is a city in the south-central region of the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is governed by a consolidated city-county government unit whose boundaries coincide with those of Moore County. Lynchburg is best known as the location of Jack Daniel's, whose famous Tennessee whiskey is marketed worldwide as the product of a city with only one traffic light. Despite the operational distillery, which is a major tourist attraction, Lynchburg's home county of Moore is a dry county. The population was 6,362 at the 2010 census.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Megan Dobbs Eades, "Moore County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 11 March 2013.
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. "Origins Of Tennessee County Names" (PDF). Tennessee Blue Book. 2005–2006. p. 512. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  5. Leland, Suzanne M.; Thurmaier, Kurt (2010). City–County Consolidation: Promises Made, Promises Kept?. Georgetown University Press. p. 180. ISBN   158901622X . Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  6. "Charter of the Lynchburg, Moore County Metropolitan Government" (PDF). University of Tennessee Municipal Technical Advisory Service. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  11. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  13. Based on 2000 census data
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  15. Locke, Michelle (January 9, 2013). "Some states unhappy about the idea of happy hours". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  16. "Jack Daniel Distillery," Moore County News. Retrieved: 28 October 2013.
  17. "Board of Education - Moore County Department of Education". www.moorecountyschools.net. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  18. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-11.

Coordinates: 35°17′N86°22′W / 35.28°N 86.36°W / 35.28; -86.36