|Ohio and Erie Canal|
|Location|| Independence and|
Cuyahoga County, Ohio
|Length||308 miles (496 km)|
|Start point||Cleveland, Ohio on the lake Erie|
|End point||Portsmouth, Ohio|
Ohio and Erie Canal Historic District
|Location|| Independence and|
Cuyahoga County, Ohio
|Area||24.5 acres (99,000 m2) |
|NRHP reference No.||66000607|
|Added to NRHP||November 13, 1966 |
|Designated NHLD||November 13, 1966 |
The Ohio and Erie Canal was a canal constructed during the 1820s and early 1830s in Ohio. It connected Akron with the Cuyahoga River near its outlet on Lake Erie in Cleveland, and a few years later, with the Ohio River near Portsmouth. It also had connections to other canal systems in Pennsylvania.
The canal carried freight traffic from 1827 to 1861, when the construction of railroads ended demand. From 1862 to 1913, the canal served as a water source for industries and towns. During 1913, much of the canal system was abandoned after important parts were flooded severely.
Most of the surviving portions in the Akron-Cleveland area are managed by the National Park Service or Ohio Department of Natural Resources. They are used for various recreational purposes by the public, and still provide water for some industries. Parts of the canal are preserved, including the Ohio and Erie Canal Historic District, a National Historic Landmark. Portions further south are less well preserved, and a discontiguous set of locks and other canal resources roughly between Columbus and the Ohio River are listed on the National Register as the Ohio and Erie Canal Southern Descent Historic District.
Ohio, which achieved statehood during 1803, remained a sparsely populated region of 50,000 people who were scattered throughout the state and who had no means of transporting goods economically out of the state. Without easy access to distant markets, agriculture served only local needs and large-scale manufacturing was nearly non-existent. 
As early as 1787, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson had discussed the desirability of a canal linking Lake Erie to the Ohio River as part of a national system of canals.  It wasn't until 1807 that Ohio's first Senator, Thomas Worthington offered a resolution in Congress asking Treasury Secretary Albert Gallatin to report to the Senate. In 1810, DeWitt Clinton was appointed to manage the Erie Canal Commission. He was unsuccessful in his attempt to get national aid for the construction of a canal connecting Lake Erie to the Hudson River, so he enlisted the aid of state legislators and Ohio's congressional delegation. On January 15, 1812, the Ohio General Assembly passed a resolution expressing its opinion that the connection of the Great Lakes with the Hudson River was a project of "national concern". President Madison was against the proposal, however, and the War of 1812 ended official discussion.
On December 11, 1816, Clinton, by then the Governor of New York, sent a letter to the Ohio Legislature indicating his state's willingness to construct the Erie Canal without national help, and asking the State of Ohio to join the endeavor. On January 9, 1817, the Ohio Legislature directed Ohio's Governor (and former Senator) Thomas Worthington to negotiate a deal with Clinton. Due to the cost, however, the Ohio Legislature dallied, and nothing happened for three years. Finally, in January 1822, the Ohio Legislature passed acts to fund the canal system (and the state's public education obligations).
On January 31, 1822, the Ohio Legislature passed a resolution to employ an engineer and appoint commissioners to survey and design the canal system as soon as possible. A sum not to exceed $6,000 was reserved for this purpose.
James Geddes, an engineer who had worked on the New York canals, was hired. Since most of Ohio's population lived along a line from Cleveland to Cincinnati, the main trunk of the canal needed to serve these areas. But no single river followed this line — canals are more cheaply and easily built along river valleys — making it difficult to design a suitable system. Specifically, the bridging of the Scioto and Miami river valleys required raising the canal to such an elevation that water from neither river could be used as a source. As a result, the canal was divided into two sections: the Ohio and Erie Canal, which connected Cleveland to Portsmouth via the Licking Divide and the Scioto River Valley, and the Miami and Erie Canal, which connected Cincinnati to Dayton. This second canal would ultimately be extended to the Maumee River at Toledo.
Copies of the original survey plat maps for the construction of both Ohio canals are available on-line  from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.
On February 4, 1825, the Ohio Legislature passed "An Act to provide for the Internal Improvement of the State of Ohio by Navigable Canals".  The Canal Commission was authorized to borrow $400,000 during 1825, and not more than $600,000 per year thereafter. The notes issued were to be redeemable between 1850 and 1875.
On July 4, 1825, ground was broken for the canal at Licking Summit near Newark, Ohio.
The canals were specified to have a minimum width of 40 feet (12 m) at the top, 26 feet (8 m) at the bottom, and a depth of 4 feet (1.2 m) feet minimum. These limits were often exceeded, and indeed it was cheaper to do so in most cases. For example, it might be cheaper to build one embankment and then let the water fill all the way to a hillside parallel, perhaps hundreds of feet away, rather than build two embankments. By damming the rivers, long stretches of slackwater could be created which, with the addition of towpaths, could serve as portions of the canal. Where it made economic sense to do so, such as lock widths or portions of the canal through narrow rock or across aqueducts, the minimum widths were adhered to.[ citation needed ]
Contracts were let for the following tasks: Grubbing and clearing, Mucking and ditching, Embankment and excavation, Locks and culverts, Puddling, and Protection.
Initially, contractors in general proved to be inexperienced and unreliable. It was common for one job to receive 50 bids, many of them local to where the work was being performed. The chosen contractor, having underbid the contract, often would abscond leaving his labor force unpaid and his contract unfulfilled. This problem was so bad that many laborers refused to perform canal work for fear of not being paid. As the bidding process was improved, and more reliable contractors engaged, the situation improved.[ citation needed ]
Workers were initially paid $0.30 per day and offered a jigger of whiskey. As work progressed, and where labor was in shortage, workers could make as much as $15 per month. At that time, cash money was scarce in Ohio forcing much bartering. Working on the canal was appealing and attracted many farmers from their land.[ citation needed ]
On July 3, 1827 the first canal boat on the Ohio and Erie Canal left Akron, traveled through 41 locks and over 3 aqueducts along 37 miles (60 km) of canal, to arrive at Cleveland on July 4. While the average speed of 3 mph (5 km/h) may seem slow, canal boats could carry 10 tons of goods and were much more efficient than wagons over rutted trails.
During the next five years, more and more portions of the canal opened, with it finally being completed during 1832:
During 1832, the Ohio and Erie Canal was completed. The entire canal system was 308 miles (496 km) long with 146 lift locks and a rise of 1,206 feet (368 m). In addition, there were five feeder canals that added 24.8 miles (39.9 km) and 6 additional locks to the system consisting of:
The canal's lock numbering system was oriented from the Lower Basin, near the southwest corner of the current Exchange and Main streets in Akron. North of the basin is Lock 1 North, and south of the basin is Lock 1 South. At this basin was the joining of the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal.  
The canals enjoyed a period of prosperity from the 1830s to the early 1860s, with maximum revenue between 1852 and 1855. During the 1840s, Ohio was the third most prosperous state, owing much of that growth to the canal.  Immediately after the Civil War, it became apparent that railroads would take the canal's business. From 1861 until 1879, after the canal had been badly flooded,  Ohio leased its canals to private owners who earned revenue from dwindling boat operation and the sale of water to factories and towns. When the state resumed ownership of the canals during 1879, it discovered that they had not been maintained well, and that state lands surrounding the canals had been sold illegally to private owners. In many cases, canals were filled in for "health reasons", with a newly laid railroad track on their right of way. Much state land was given away for free to politically savvy private owners. Nevertheless, some revenue was accrued into the early twentieth century from the sale of water rights as well as recovery and sale of land surrounding the canals.
After the maximum of the 1850s and a cessation of revenue due to the Civil War during the early 1860s the canal's expenditures started to outgrow its revenues due to increasing maintenance costs. By 1911, most of the southern portion of the canal had been abandoned.  The Great Dayton Flood of 1913 dumped an abnormally heavy amount of rain on the state, causing extensive flooding. This caused the reservoirs to spill over into the canals, destroying aqueducts, washing out banks, and devastating most of the locks. In Akron, Lock 1 was dynamited to allow backed up floodwater to flow. 
As a teenager during 1847, James Garfield worked as a "hoggee", driving mules to pull barges along the canal.  After repeatedly falling into the canal on the job Garfield became ill and decided to go to college instead. 
The Ohio and Erie Canal Historic District, a 24.5-acre (9.9 ha) historic district including part of the canal, was declared a National Historic Landmark during 1966.   It is a four-mile (6 km) section within the village of Valley View comprising three locks, the Tinkers Creek Aqueduct, and two other structures. 
A remaining watered section of the Ohio & Erie Canal is located in Summit County, Ohio. The Ohio & Erie Canal is maintained, to this day, as a water supply for local industries. After the flood, a few sections of the canal continued in use hauling cargo to local industries. Another watered section extends from the Station Road Bridge in Brecksville northwards into Valley View and Independence, all Cleveland suburbs.
The section of the Ohio & Erie Canal from the Brecksville Dam to Rockside Road in Cuyahoga County was transferred to the National Park Service during 1989 as part of the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreational Area (now known as the Cuyahoga Valley National Park).
A lease on the canal lands from the Cuyahoga Valley National Park to the terminus of the canal has been executed with the Cleveland Metroparks. The Metroparks manage the adjacent real estate and the surrounding Ohio & Erie Canal Reservation.
The section of the Ohio & Erie Canal still owned and maintained by the Division of Parks in southern Summit is referred to as the watered section. This section runs from downtown Akron, through Summit Lake south to Barberton, a distance of about 12 miles (19 km). Included in this section is the feeder canal from the Tuscarawas River and the hydraulics (flood control) at the Portage Lakes.
The Ohio & Erie Canal and its feeder reservoirs are maintained from Akron by a staff of three O.D.N.R. Ohio State Parks, Canal Hydraulic Operators. Like its sister canal, the Ohio & Erie Canal carries a large amount of stormwater. The canals were not designed to accommodate this great influx of stormwater. Most of the siltation and erosion problems experienced presently are the result of stormwater inappropriately piped into the canals over the years.
During late 1996, the canal from Zoar to Cleveland was designated a National Heritage Corridor. This designation was brought about through the efforts of many communities, civic organizations, businesses and individuals working in partnership.
A map showing the disposition of the canal lands  is available on-line from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.
The Ohio and Erie Canal initially provided a connection between Akron and Lake Erie at Cleveland, then extending all the way to the Ohio River within a few years. Later, connecting canal systems were built connecting it with the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal and other parts of Eastern Ohio. 
| Coordinates || Elevation ||Name||Description|
|Columbus Feeder||Lockbourne, Columbus, Franklin County|
|Granville Feeder||Granville, Licking County|
|Hocking Valley|| Carroll, Lancaster, Fairfield County;|
Logan, Hocking County;
Nelsonville, Athens, Athens County
|Muskingum Side Cut|| Dresden, Zanesville, Muskingum County;|
McConnelsville, Morgan County;
Marietta, Washington County
|Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal|| Akron, Summit County;|
Kent, Ravenna, Portage County;
Warren, Trumbull County;
Youngstown, Mahoning County; Ohio;;
Lawrence; Beaver, Beaver County; Allegheny, Pennsylvania 
|40°44′27″N80°53′37″W / 40.74083°N 80.89361°W  ||1,112 feet (339 m)  || Sandy and Beaver Canal |
a.k.a. Tuscarawas Feeder
| Bolivar, Tuscarawas County;|
Hanoverton, Lisbon, East Liverpool, Columbiana County;
Glasgow, Beaver County, Pennsylvania
|40°19′19″N81°56′49″W / 40.32194°N 81.94694°W ||774 feet (236 m) ||Walhonding Canal|| Roscoe Village, Coshocton County;|
Brinkhaven, Knox County
An all-purpose bicycle/pedestrian trail was constructed by Cuyahoga Valley National Park in Southern Cuyahoga County and Northern Summit County, Cleveland Metroparks in Northern Cuyahoga County, and Akron/Summit County Metroparks in Southern Summit County to roughly follow the original Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath route.  (The northernmost section in Cuyahoga County is still undergoing construction.) There are many connecting trails going to other points of interest throughout their park systems.
| Coordinates || Elevation ||Name||Type||Municipality||County||Description|
|0||44 North||41°29′39.76″N81°42′10.4″W / 41.4943778°N 81.702889°W ||0 feet (0 m)||Cuyahoga River Sloop||Lock||Cleveland||Cuyahoga||Merwin Street between James street and West street|
|43 North||0 feet (0 m)||Lock||Cleveland||Cuyahoga||Sherwin Williams, James and West, Merrwin and Vineyard|
|0 feet (0 m)||Weigh||Lock||Cleveland||Cuyahoga||Seneca a.k.a. West 3rd. street|
|3||42 North||0 feet (0 m)||Lock||Cleveland||Cuyahoga||relocated to 42A,|
|3||42A North||0 feet (0 m)||Weigh and Guard||Lock||Cleveland||Cuyahoga||near Grasselli chemical company, Dille street and Independence road|
|5||41 North||41°26′49.38″N81°40′56.88″W / 41.4470500°N 81.6824667°W ||0 feet (0 m)||RathBuns||Lock||Cuyahoga||near Austin Powder Works, Harvard Road, near Jennings Road|
|8||40 North||41°25′8.82″N81°38′38.58″W / 41.4191167°N 81.6440500°W ||0 feet (0 m)||Willow||Lock||Cuyahoga Heights||Cuyahoga||off Canal Road, near I-77|
|41°25′2.53″N81°38′18.88″W / 41.4173694°N 81.6385778°W ||0 feet (0 m)||Mill Creek||Aqueduct||Cuyahoga Heights||Cuyahoga||carries canal over Mill Creek (Cuyahoga River) off Canal Road|
|41°24′57″N81°38′2″W / 41.41583°N 81.63389°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 17 Cleveland South topographic map|
|11||39 North||41°23′24.22″N81°37′28.95″W / 41.3900611°N 81.6247083°W ||590 feet (180 m) ||Lock||Independence||Cuyahoga|
|41°23′4″N81°37′7″W / 41.38444°N 81.61861°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 16 Shaker Heights topographic map|
|TrailHead||Cuyahoga||CVSR-Canal Visitor Center, 7104 Canal Road and Hillside Road|
|12||38 North||41°22′20.78″N81°36′46.23″W / 41.3724389°N 81.6128417°W ||600 feet (180 m) ||Lock||Valley View||Cuyahoga||Canal Visitor Center|
|Cuyahoga County||Tinkers Creek Road|
|41°21′53″N81°36′32″W / 41.36472°N 81.60889°W ||610 feet (190 m) ||Tinkers Creek||Aqueduct||Cuyahoga||carries canal over Tinkers Creek (Cuyahoga River) [A]|
|Bridge||Cuyahoga||Alexander Road-Pleasant Valley Road|
|14||37 North||41°21′24.06″N81°35′49.02″W / 41.3566833°N 81.5969500°W ||620 feet (190 m) ||Lock||Cuyahoga||Alexander's Mill|
|Mill||Cuyahoga||Alexanders (a.k.a. Wilsons)|
|41°21′20″N81°35′46″W / 41.35556°N 81.59611°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 15 Northfield topographic map|
|17||36 North||41°19′23.06″N81°35′11.9″W / 41.3230722°N 81.586639°W ||0 feet (0 m) ||Pinery Dam and Feeder||Lock||Summit|
|TrailHead||Summit||Station Road bridge to CVSR-Brecksville|
|19||35 North||41°18′45.43″N81°34′59.89″W / 41.3126194°N 81.5833028°W ||0 feet (0 m) ||Kettlewell Whiskey||Lock||Summit|
|Trail||Summit||Old Carriage Connector|
|20||34 North||41°17′21.08″N81°33′51.99″W / 41.2891889°N 81.5644417°W ||0 feet (0 m) ||Red||Lock||Summit||Jaite in southwestern Northfield Township |
|20.5||33 North||41°16′33.52″N81°33′38.14″W / 41.2759778°N 81.5605944°W ||0 feet (0 m) ||Wallace||Lock||Summit||in Boston Township |
|21||32 North||41°15′56″N81°33′31″W / 41.26556°N 81.55861°W ||659 feet (201 m) ||Boston||Lock||Summit||Boston Township|
|Summit||Boston Mills Road|
|22||31 North||41°15′5.93″N81°32′45.36″W / 41.2516472°N 81.5459333°W ||670 feet (200 m) ||Lonesome||Lock||Summit||was in Boston Township |
|23||30 North||41°14′44.04″N81°33′14.87″W / 41.2455667°N 81.5541306°W ||680 feet (210 m) ||Peninsula Feeder||Lock||Peninsula||Summit|
|23||29 North||41°14′33.54″N81°33′1.29″W / 41.2426500°N 81.5503583°W ||690 feet (210 m) ||Peninsula||Lock||Peninsula||Summit|
|41°14′33.01″N81°33′0.86″W / 41.2425028°N 81.5502389°W ||700 feet (210 m) ||Peninsula||Aqueduct||Peninsula||Summit||carried canal over Cuyahoga River|
|25||28 North||41°13′57.38″N81°33′6.77″W / 41.2326056°N 81.5518806°W ||700 feet (210 m)  ||Deep||Lock||Peninsula||Summit||at 17 feet (5.2 m) the deepest lock along the canal|
|TrailHead||Summit||Deep Lock Quarry|
|27||27 North||41°12′16.25″N81°34′15.43″W / 41.2045139°N 81.5709528°W ||710 feet (220 m) ||Johnny Cake||Lock||Summit|
|41°12′7″N81°34′21″W / 41.20194°N 81.57250°W ||718 feet (219 m) ||Furnace Run||Aqueduct||Summit||carried canal over Furnace Run (Cuyahoga River)|
|28||26 North||41°11′7.74″N81°34′52.05″W / 41.1854833°N 81.5811250°W  ||718 feet (219 m) ||Pancake||Lock||Summit|
|28||25 North||41°10′32.27″N81°34′46.82″W / 41.1756306°N 81.5796722°W ||0 feet (0 m) ||Mudcatcher||Lock||Summit|
|30||24 North||41°10′20.5″N81°34′40.93″W / 41.172361°N 81.5780361°W ||0 feet (0 m) ||Niles||Lock||Summit|
|Bridge||Summit||Yellow Creek (Cuyahoga River)|
|41°3′57″N81°32′12″W / 41.06583°N 81.53667°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 14 Akron West topographic map|
|32||23 North||0 feet (0 m)||Booth port||Lock||Summit||sewer pipe|
|32||22 North||Booth port||Lock||Summit||Merriman sewer pipe|
|33||21 North||Lock||Summit||sewer over-flow|
|20 North||Lock||Summit||train abutments|
|19 North||Black Dog Crossing||Lock||Summit||near Hickory and Memorial|
|36||15 North||Akron Mustill Store||Lock||Akron||Summit|
|36||14 North||Lock||Akron||Summit||North Street|
|9 North||Lock||Akron||Summit||north of Market street|
|37||7 North||Lock||Akron||Summit||middle tunnel|
|37||6 North||Lock||Akron||Summit||tunnel below parking deck North of Mill street|
|37||3 North||Lock||Akron||Summit||South Main street|
|38||2 North||Lock||Akron||Summit||Water street|
|38||1 North||Lock||Akron||Summit||West Exchange street|
|0||Portage landing||Lock||Akron||Summit||Portage lakes, Manchester Road|
|1 South||Wolf creek||Lock||Barberton||Summit||Snyder avenue|
|Wolf creek||Aqueduct||Barberton||Summit||Snyder avenue|
|40°54′37″N81°37′51″W / 40.91028°N 81.63083°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 13 Doylestown topographic map|
|2 South||Lock||New Franklin||Stark||Center Road|
|3 South||Lock||New Franklin||Stark||Center Road|
|40°53′2″N81°35′37″W / 40.88389°N 81.59361°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 12 Canal Fulton topographic map|
|4 South||Lock||Canal Fulton||Stark|
|40°47′43″N81°31′22″W / 40.79528°N 81.52278°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 11 Massillon topographic map|
|40°39′32″N81°27′22″W / 40.65889°N 81.45611°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 10 Bolivar topographic map|
|39°58′17″N82°29′15″W / 39.97139°N 82.48750°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 9 Thornville topographic map|
|39°53′22″N82°32′21″W / 39.88944°N 82.53917°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 8 Millersport topographic map|
|South 1||195||King Watson||Lock||Canal Road|
|39°51′41″N82°33′38″W / 39.86139°N 82.56056°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 7 Baltimore topographic map|
|196||South 2||David Miller's White Mill||Lock||Baltimore||Fairfield|
|197.4||South 3||Norris Mill||Lock||Baltimore||Fairfield|
|South 4||Short Level||Lock||Baltimore||Fairfield|
|198||South 5||Dry Dock||Lock||Baltimore||Fairfield|
|198.3||South 6||Mulnix Mill||Lock||Baltimore||Fairfield|
|198.8||South 7||Wells Mill||Lock||Basil, Ohio|
|200||South 8||39° 50' 11.5254" |
-82° 37' 26.3994"
|Bibler||Lock||Baltimore||Fairfield||Previous town Basil, Ohio |
Behind the water treatment plant.
|South 10||Lock||Carroll, Ohio||Fairfield|
|206||South 11||Lock||Violet Township||Fairfield County, Ohio||Upper Lockville|
|South 15||Fickle Mill Short Level||Lock||Lockville|
|South 16||Rover Short Level||Lock||Lockville|
|208||Walnet Creek Guard||Lock|
|39°51′16″N82°52′19″W / 39.85444°N 82.87194°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 6 Canal Winchester topographic map|
|210||South 19||Chaney's Mill||Lock||Canal Winchester|
|210||South 20||Woolen||Lock||Canal Winchester||Gender Road|
|South 21||Lock||Canal Winchester||near Glenarda Farms, Groveport Road|
|George's Culvert||Canal Winchester|
|South 22||39°51'16"N |
82° 52' 21"W
|Groveport||Lock||Groveport||Franklin||Behind the Groveport Aquatic Recreation Center.|
|39°51′14″N82°52′34″W / 39.85389°N 82.87611°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 5 Lockbourne topographic map|
|217||South 23||Lock||Lockbourne||Franklin||Canal Road|
|217||South 24||Lock||Lockbourne||Franklin||Canal Road|
|217||South 25||Lock||Lockbourne||Franklin||Canal Road|
|218||South 27||Lock||Lockbourne||Franklin||Canal Road|
|218||South 28||Lock||Lockbourne||Franklin||under railroad track bed|
|South 30||Lock||Lockbourne||Franklin||Lockmeadows Park|
|39°48′45″N82°43′37″W / 39.81250°N 82.72694°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 4 Carroll topographic map|
|39°45′0″N82°39′49″W / 39.75000°N 82.66361°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 3 Amanda topographic map|
|39°39′55″N82°58′8″W / 39.66528°N 82.96889°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 2 Ashville topographic map|
|40°25′20″N81°24′17″W / 40.42222°N 81.40472°W ||0 feet (0 m)||GNIS||GNIS 1 New Philadelphia topographic map|
|Columbus Feeder East Guard||Lock|
|Columbus Feeder West Guard||Lock|
|226||South 31||Ashville Campbells Mill||Lock|
|237||South 32||Aqueduct||Lock||Scioto River, West of Circleville|
|238||South 33||Lock||Wayne Township|
|238||South 34||Lock||Wayne Township|
|South 35||Lock||Chillicothe, Ohio|
|256||South 36||Lock||Chillicothe, Ohio|
|258||South 37||Lock||Chillicothe, Ohio||parking lot|
|South 38||Fifth Street||Lock||Chillicothe, Ohio|
|261||South 39||Upper Lunbeck||Lock|
|261||South 40||Lower Lunbeck||Lock||Scioto Township||Pickaway||near Renick Lane 601|
|South 41||Tomlinsons||Lock||3 Locks Road, South of Chillicothe|
|Tomlinsons Dam and Feeder Guard||Lock|
|280||South 45||U Pee Pee||Lock|
|280||South 46||L Pee Pee||Lock|
|291||South 47||Howards||Lock||near Robers 18 mi (29 km) Lock Farm|
|South 49||Rushs Brush Creek||Lock|
|South 50||Union Mills||Lock|
|South 51||Union Mills Moss||Lock||near Ohio State Route 239|
|South 52||Union Mills||Lock|
|South 54||Lock||Portsmouth||Scioto County|
|308||South 55||38°43'34.4172"N||Ohio River Terminal||Lock||West Portsmouth||Scioto County||near Old River Road, Portsmouth/Alexandria|
Travels through Cuyahoga, Summit, Stark, Licking, Franklin, Fairfield, Pickaway, and Scioto counties. 
^ A: In 2007-2008-? Tinkers Creek Aqueduct is undergoing renovation following flood damage from Tinkers Creek (Cuyahoga River) and Cuyahoga River
^ B: Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath Trail miles are measured from its original connection with Lake Erie at Lock 44, on the Cuyahoga River, and marked with a 3.3-foot-tall (1.0 m) sandstone obelisk at each mile mark.
The Erie Canal is a historic canal in upstate New York that runs east-west between the Hudson River and Lake Erie. Completed in 1825, the canal was the first navigable waterway connecting the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes, vastly reducing the costs of transporting people and goods across the Appalachians. In effect, the canal accelerated the settlement of the Great Lakes region, the westward expansion of the United States, and the economic ascendancy of New York State. It has been called "The Nation's First Superhighway."
The Cuyahoga River is a river located in Northeast Ohio that bisects the City of Cleveland and feeds into Lake Erie.
The Wabash and Erie Canal was a shipping canal that linked the Great Lakes to the Ohio River via an artificial waterway. The canal provided traders with access from the Great Lakes all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. Over 460 miles long, it was the longest canal ever built in North America.
The region Northeast Ohio, in the US state of Ohio, in its most expansive usage contains six metropolitan statistical areas: Cleveland–Elyria, Akron, Canton–Massillon, Youngstown–Warren, Mansfield, and Weirton–Steubenville along with eight micropolitan statistical areas. Most of the region is considered either part of the Cleveland–Akron–Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area and media market or the Youngstown–Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area and media market. In total the region is home to 4,502,460 residents. It is also a part of the Great Lakes megalopolis, containing over 54 million people. Northeast Ohio also includes most of the area known historically as the Connecticut Western Reserve. In 2011, the Intelligent Community Forum ranked Northeast Ohio as a global Smart 21 Communities list. It has the highest concentration of Hungarian Americans in the United States.
Cuyahoga Valley National Park is an American national park that preserves and reclaims the rural landscape along the Cuyahoga River between Akron and Cleveland in Northeast Ohio.
The Miami and Erie Canal was a 274-mile (441 km) canal that ran from Cincinnati to Toledo, Ohio, creating a water route between the Ohio River and Lake Erie. Construction on the canal began in 1825 and was completed in 1845 at a cost to the state government of $8,062,680.07. At its peak, it included 19 aqueducts, three guard locks, 103 canal locks, multiple feeder canals, and a few man-made water reservoirs. The canal climbed 395 feet (120 m) above Lake Erie and 513 feet (156 m) above the Ohio River to reach a topographical peak called the Loramie Summit, which extended 19 miles (31 km) between New Bremen, Ohio to lock 1-S in Lockington, north of Piqua, Ohio. Boats up to 80 feet long were towed along the canal by mules, horses, or oxen walking on a prepared towpath along the bank, at a rate of four to five miles per hour.
Tinker's Creek, in Cuyahoga, Summit and Portage counties, is the largest tributary of the Cuyahoga River, providing about a third of its flow into Lake Erie.
This is a list of properties and districts in Ohio that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are over 4.000 in total. Of these, 73 are National Historic Landmarks. There are listings in each of Ohio's 88 counties.
The Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal, also known as the P & O Canal, the Cross Cut Canal and the Mahoning Canal was a shipping canal which operated from 1840 until 1877. It was unique in that it served to connect canals in two states and was funded by private interests.
The Whitewater Canal, which was built between 1836 and 1847, spanned a distance of 76 miles (122 km) and stretched from Lawrenceburg, Indiana on the Ohio River to Hagerstown, Indiana near the West Fork of the White River.
The Pennsylvania Canal was a complex system of transportation infrastructure improvements including canals, dams, locks, tow paths, aqueducts, and viaducts. The Canal and Works were constructed and assembled over several decades beginning in 1824, the year of the first enabling act and budget items. It should be understood the first use of any railway in North America was the year 1826, so the newspapers and the Pennsylvania Assembly of 1824 applied the term then to the proposed rights of way mainly for the canals of the Main Line of Public Works to be built across the southern part of Pennsylvania.
The Beaver and Erie Canal, also known as the Erie Extension Canal, was part of the Pennsylvania Canal system and consisted of three sections: the Beaver Division, the Shenango Division, and the Conneaut Division. The canal ran 136 miles (219 km) north–south near the western edge of the state from the Ohio River to Lake Erie through Beaver County, Lawrence County, Mercer County, Crawford County, and Erie County, Pennsylvania.
The Jaite Mill Historic District, also known as Jaite, is a nationally recognized historic district in Cuyahoga and Summit counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. The Cuyahoga County portion of the district is located in the city of Brecksville, while the Summit County portion is located in Sagamore Hills Township. Built in 1903 as the Jaite Company Paper Mill, its center is at the intersection of Vaughn and Riverview roads, north of the crossing of Interstates 80 and 271.
Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad is a Class III railroad operating diesel-electric and steam-powered excursion trips through Peninsula, Ohio in the Cuyahoga Valley, primarily through the scenic Cuyahoga Valley National Park.
The Port of Cleveland is a bulk freight and container shipping port at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River on Lake Erie in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. It is the third-largest port in the Great Lakes and the fourth-largest Great Lakes port by annual tonnage. Over 20,000 jobs and $3.5 billion in annual economic activity are tied to the roughly 13 million tons of cargo that move through Cleveland Harbor each year.
Tinkers Creek Aqueduct is an aqueduct that was constructed to bridge the Ohio and Erie Canal over Tinkers Creek near its confluence with the Cuyahoga River in Valley View, Ohio. It is a relatively rare surviving example of an Ohio and Erie Canal aqueduct. It was originally constructed in 1825-1827 by, and re-built due to flood damage in 1845 and 1905. Tinkers Creek Aqueduct was included in a National Historic Landmark district established in 1966, and it was separately listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. The original Tinkers Creek Aqueduct was a wood plank, steel truss, and Ashlar-sandstone structure constructed in 1827, south of the present aqueduct's location. Cuyahoga River and Tinkers Creek flooding caused continual damage to the original aqueduct, so successive structures were built in 1845 and 1905 in the present location. Today, Tinkers Creek Aqueduct is the only aqueduct which remains of the four original aqueducts in the Cuyahoga Valley. Of Furnace Run Aqueduct, Mill Creek Aqueduct, Peninsula Aqueduct, and Aqueduct; Mill Creek Aqueduct, of newer construction, is the only aqueduct which still carries Ohio and Erie Canal water. After 102 years of flooding, weathering, and deterioration, Tinkers Creek Aqueduct was removed in 2007. The National Park Service is currently working on Phase II of the project to reconstruct it from newer materials.
Whiskey Island is a peninsula at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River at Lake Erie in Cleveland, Ohio. Its current configuration was created in 1827 when the river's mouth was moved to its present location. Part of the city's Cuyahoga Valley neighborhood, the peninsula is 1 mile (1.6 km) long and 0.3 miles (0.48 km) at its widest, bounded by Lake Erie to the north, West 54th Street on the west (roughly), and the Cuyahoga River to the south and east.
The Valley Railway was a shortline railroad which operated between the city of Cleveland and small town of Zoarville in the state of Ohio in the United States. The railroad was founded in 1871, but the first segment of track did not open until 1880 and the line was not completed until 1884. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) obtained a controlling interest in the Valley Railway in 1890. The railroad went bankrupt in 1895, at which time it was reorganized as The Cleveland Terminal and Valley Railroad Company (CT&V). The B&O took over operation of the CT&V in 1909, and the company was merged with the B&O in 1915.
HE FELL IN THE (CANAL) BY HIS ESTIMATE 16 TIMES AND WAS FISHED OUT EACH TIME. AFTER HE WAS ONLY ON THERE FOR ABOUT SIX WEEKS, CAME HOME NOT SURPRISINGLY, WITH A TERRIBLE FEVER AND THE AGUE SHIVERED AND SHOOK FOR A COUPLE OF WEEKS UNTIL HIS MOTHER GOT A HIM OFF THE CANAL AND INTO SCHOOL.