Titanyl sulfate

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Titanyl sulfate
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.034.098 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
PubChem CID
  • [O-]S(=O)(=O)[O-].O=[Ti+2]
Molar mass 159.92 g·mol−1
Density 1.3984 g/cm3
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Titanyl sulfate is the inorganic compound with the formula TiOSO4. It is a white solid that forms by treatment of titanium dioxide with fuming sulfuric acid. It hydrolyzes to a gel of hydrated titanium dioxide. [1] The structure consists of dense polymeric network with tetrahedral sulfur and octahedral titanium centers. The six ligands attached to titanium are derived from four different sulfate moieties and a bridging oxide. A monohydrate is also known, being prepared similarly to the anhydrous material. In the hydrate, one TiOS bond is replaced by TiOH2. [2]

Portions of the structure of titanyl sulfate
TiOSO4, illustrating the connectivity between sulfate and titanium centers
TiOSO4(H2O), showing the presence of water
Color code: Ti = blue, O = red, and S = yellow

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  1. Heinz Sibum; Volker Günther; Oskar Roidl; Fathi Habashi; Hans Uwe Wolf (2005). "Titanium, Titanium Alloys, and Titanium Compounds". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry . Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a27_095. ISBN   978-3527306732.
  2. Gatehouse, B. M.; Platts, S. N.; Williams, T. B. (1993). "Structure of Anhydrous Titanyl Sulfate, Titanyl Sulfate Monohydrate and Prediction of a New Structure". Acta Crystallographica Section B . 49 (3): 428–435. Bibcode:1993AcCrB..49..428G. doi:10.1107/S010876819201320X.