Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park

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Waterton Glacier International Peace Park
GlacierNP L7 20010701.jpg
Landsat 7 image of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park
Location Alberta, Canada and Montana, United States
Coordinates 49°00′00″N113°55′00″W / 49.00000°N 113.91667°W / 49.00000; -113.91667 Coordinates: 49°00′00″N113°55′00″W / 49.00000°N 113.91667°W / 49.00000; -113.91667
FormedJune 18, 1932
Governing body Parks Canada, U.S. National Park Service
North America laea location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Waterton Glacier International Peace Park in North America
Includes Waterton Lakes National Park
Glacier National Park
Criteria Natural: (vii), (ix)
Reference 354rev
Inscription1995 (19th Session)
Area457,614 ha (1,766.86 sq mi)

The Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park is the union of the Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada and the Glacier National Park in the United States. Both parks are declared Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO and their union as a World Heritage Site.

Waterton Lakes National Park Improvement district in Alberta, Canada

Waterton Lakes National Park is a national park located in the southwest corner of Alberta, Canada. It borders Glacier National Park in Montana, United States. Waterton was the fourth Canadian national park, formed in 1895 and named after Waterton Lake, in turn after the Victorian naturalist and conservationist Charles Waterton. Its range is between the Rocky Mountains and prairies. This park contains 505 km2 (195 sq mi) of rugged mountains and wilderness.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Glacier National Park (U.S.) national park located in the U.S. state of Montana

Glacier National Park is an American national park located in northwestern Montana, on the Canada–United States border, adjacent to the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. The park encompasses over 1 million acres (4,000 km2) and includes parts of two mountain ranges, over 130 named lakes, more than 1,000 different species of plants, and hundreds of species of animals. This vast pristine ecosystem is the centerpiece of what has been referred to as the "Crown of the Continent Ecosystem," a region of protected land encompassing 16,000 square miles (41,000 km2).

Contents

History

The union of the parks was achieved through the efforts of Rotary International members from Alberta and Montana, on June 18, 1932. The dedication address was given by Sir Charles Arthur Mander, 2nd Baronet.

Rotary International international non-profit service organization

Rotary International is an international service organization whose stated purpose is to bring together business and professional leaders in order to provide humanitarian service and to advance goodwill and peace around the world. It is a non-political and non-religious organization open to all people regardless of race, color, creed, religion, gender, or political preference. There are 35,000+ member clubs worldwide, and 1.2 million individuals, known as Rotarians, have joined.

Alberta Province of Canada

Alberta is a province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces. Its area is about 660,000 square kilometres (250,000 sq mi). Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905. The premier is Jason Kenney as of April 30, 2019.

Montana U.S. state in the United States

Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States. Montana has several nicknames, although none is official, including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", and slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more recently "The Last Best Place".

The two parks are administered separately and have separate entrance fees.

In 2007, the International Dark-Sky Association named Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park the International Dark-Sky Park. [1]

International Dark-Sky Association environmental organization

The International Dark-Sky Association (IDA) is a United States-based non-profit organization incorporated in 1988 by founders David Crawford, a professional astronomer, and Tim Hunter, a physician/amateur astronomer. The mission of the IDA is "to preserve and protect the night time environment and our heritage of dark skies through quality outdoor lighting."

The park's sign at the Chief Mountain border crossing MK02244 Waterton Glacier International Peace Park.jpg
The park's sign at the Chief Mountain border crossing

Border crossing

The Chief Mountain Border Crossing, reached by Montana Highway 17 from the American side and by Alberta Highway 6 from the Canadian side, is the only road border crossing within the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. It is one of only two on the US-Canada border that are closed in winter (Poker Creek - Little Gold Creek Border Crossing is the other).

Montana Highway 17 (MT 17) is a 14-mile-long (23 km) highway near the Canada–United States border. The highway begins at the Chief Mountain Border Station and Quarters where it continues north into Alberta as Highway 6. The highway winds to the southeast and ends at U.S. Highway 89 (US 89) north of Babb. The road is known as Chief Mountain Highway due to its proximity to Chief Mountain, a prominent peak in the Rocky Mountains.

Alberta Highway 6 highway in Alberta

Alberta Provincial Highway No. 6, commonly referred to as Highway 6, is a north-south highway in southern Alberta, Canada. It spans approximately 74 kilometres (46 mi) from Alberta's border with Montana to Highway 3.

Poker Creek - Little Gold Creek Border Crossing border crossing between Yukon, Canada and Alaska, United States

The Poker Creek–Little Gold Creek Border Crossing is located on the Top of the World Highway, which connects the communities of Tok, Alaska and Dawson, Yukon on the Canada–United States border. This crossing is notable for being the northernmost international border crossing in North America.

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Canadian Rockies mountain range in Canada

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A transboundary protected area (TBPA) is an ecological protected area that spans boundaries of more than one country or sub-national entity. Such areas are also known as transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) or peace parks.

Prince of Wales Hotel building in Alberta, Canada

The Prince of Wales Hotel is a historic hotel located in Waterton, Alberta, Canada. The hotel is situated within Waterton Lakes National Park, overlooking Upper Waterton Lakes. The Prince of Wales Hotel was designed by, and was built for the Great Northern Railway company. The hotel is presently managed by the Glacier Park Company.

Akamina-Kishinena Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada.

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Kimball, Alberta Hamlet in Alberta, Canada

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Belly River river in Canada

Belly River is a river in northwest Montana, United States and southern Alberta, Canada. It is a tributary of the Oldman River, itself a tributary of the South Saskatchewan River.

Chief Mountain Border Crossing border crossing between Canada and the United States

The Chief Mountain Border Crossing connects the town of Babb, Montana with Pincher Creek, Alberta on the Canada–US border. This crossing, reached by Montana Highway 17 from the American side and by Alberta Highway 6 from the Canadian side, is the only road border crossing within the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. It is one of only two on the US-Canada border that are closed in winter.

Piegan–Carway Border Crossing border crossing between Canada and the United States

The Piegan–Carway Border Crossing connects the town of Babb, Montana with Cardston, Alberta. It is reached by U.S. Route 89 on the American side and Alberta Highway 2 on the Canadian side. The crossing was established in 1925 with the completion of the Cardston Highway. Canada Customs official Herbert Legg created the name Carway by combining the words Cardston and Highway. The small village of Carway, Alberta has all but vanished, with the Carway School closing in 1954.

Mount Richards

Mount Richards is a 2,377-metre (7,799-foot) summit located in Waterton Lakes National Park, in the Canadian Rockies of Alberta, Canada. It is situated just north of the Canada–United States border, with the south footing of the mountain at Boundary Creek just within Glacier National Park of the United States. Its nearest higher peak is Mount Alderson, 2.0 km (1.2 mi) to the northwest. Bertha Lake and Bertha Peak are situated immediately to the north.

References

  1. Staff. "2017 - Summer Guide to Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park" (PDF). nps.gov. National Park Service. p. 1. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
Geographic Names Information System geographical database

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United States Geological Survey Scientific agency of the United States government

The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.

The Department of Natural Resources, operating under the FIP applied title Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), is the ministry of the government of Canada responsible for natural resources, energy, minerals and metals, forests, earth sciences, mapping and remote sensing. It was created in 1995 by amalgamating the now-defunct Departments of Energy, Mines and Resources and Forestry. Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) works to ensure the responsible development of Canada's natural resources, including energy, forests, minerals and metals. NRCan also uses its expertise in earth sciences to build and maintain an up-to-date knowledge base of our landmass and resources. To promote internal collaboration, NRCan has implemented a departmental wide wiki based on MediaWiki. Natural Resources Canada also collaborates with American and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, which is used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective.

Further reading

International Standard Serial Number unique eight-digit number used to identify a print or electronic periodical publication

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OCLC global library cooperative

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