|Subprefectures|| Alès |
|• President of the Departmental Council||Françoise Laurent-Perrigot (PS)|
|• Total||5,853 km2 (2,260 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Gard (French pronunciation: [ɡaʁ] ( listen )) is a department in Southern France, located in the region of Occitanie. It had a population of 748,437 as of 2019; its prefecture is Nîmes. The department is named after the river Gardon; the Occitan name of the river, Gard (Occitan pronunciation: [gaɾ] ), has been replacing the French name in recent decades, both administratively and among French speakers.
The Gard area was settled by the Romans in classical times. It was crossed by the Via Domitia, which was constructed in 118 BC. Gard is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from the ancient province of Languedoc.
It was originally intended to include the canton of Ganges in the department which would have been geographically logical, but Ganges was transferred to the neighbouring department of Hérault at the outset. In return, Gard received from Hérault the fishing port of Aigues Mortes which gave the department its own outlet to the Gulf of Lion.
During the middle of the nineteenth century the prefecture, traditionally a centre of commerce with a manufacturing sector focused on textiles, was an early beneficiary of railway development, becoming an important railway junction. Several luxurious hotels were built, and the improved market access provided by the railways also encouraged, initially, a rapid growth in wine growing: however, many of the department's viticulturalists were ruined by the arrival in 1872 of phylloxera.
Gard is part of the region of Occitanie and is surrounded by the departments of Hérault, Lozère, Aveyron, Bouches-du-Rhône, Vaucluse and Ardèche. It also have a short coastline within the Mediterranean Sea in the south. The highest point in the department is the Mont Aigoual. Serious flooding has occurred in the department in recent years, and, due to its geographic setting, it has been the site of some of the highest recorded temperatures in France's history.
Population development since 1791:
The inhabitants of Gard are called "Gardois". The most populous commune is Nîmes, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 8 communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants:
In the closely contested first round of the 2012 presidential election, Gard was the only department to vote for the National Front candidate Marine Le Pen by a slim plurality, with 25.51% of the vote. The incumbent President Nicolas Sarkozy of the Union for a Popular Movement party received 24.86% of the vote, while Socialist candidate François Hollande received 24.11% of the vote share.
The President of the Departmental Council has been Françoise Laurent-Perrigot of the Socialist Party (PS) since 2021.
|The Republicans (LR)||12|
|•||Socialist Party (PS)||10|
|Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI)||7|
|•||French Communist Party (PCF)||6|
|•||Miscellaneous left (DVG)||4|
|National Rally (FN)||4|
|•||Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV)||2|
|Miscellaneous right (DVD)||1|
In the 2017 legislative election, Gard elected the following representatives to the National Assembly:
|Gard's 1st constituency||Françoise Dumas||La République En Marche!|
|Gard's 2nd constituency||Gilbert Collard||National Rally|
|Gard's 3rd constituency||Anthony Cellier||La République En Marche!|
|Gard's 4th constituency||Annie Chapelier||Ecology Democracy Solidarity|
|Gard's 5th constituency||Olivier Gaillard||La République En Marche!|
|Gard's 6th constituency||Philippe Berta||MoDem|
Gard contains a part of the Cévennes National Park. There are important Roman architectural remains in Nîmes, as well as the famous Roman aqueduct, the Pont du Gard.
Gard is also home to the source of Perrier, a carbonated mineral water sold both in France and internationally on a large scale. The spring and facility are located just south-east of the commune of Vergèze.
Lozère is a landlocked department in the region of Occitanie in Southern France, located near the Massif Central, bounded to the northeast by Haute-Loire, to the east by Ardèche, to the south by Gard, to the west by Aveyron, and the northwest by Cantal. It is named after Mont Lozère. With 76,604 inhabitants as of 2019, Lozère is the least populous French department.
Bouches-du-Rhône is a department in Southern France. It borders Vaucluse to the north, Gard to the west and Var to the east. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the south. Its prefecture and largest city is Marseille; other important cities include Aix-en-Provence, Arles, Martigues and Aubagne.
Tarn is a department in the Occitanie region of Southern France. Named after the river Tarn, it had a population of 389,844 as of 2019. Its prefecture and largest city is Albi; it has a single subprefecture, Castres. In French, the inhabitants of Tarn are known as Tarnais (masculine) and Tarnaises (feminine). Its INSEE and postcode number is 81.
Hérault is a department of the region of Occitania, Southern France. Named after the Hérault River, its prefecture is Montpellier. It had a population of 1,175,623 in 2019.
Lot is a department in the Occitanie region of France. Named after the Lot River, it lies in the southwestern part of the country and had a population of 174,094 in 2019. Its prefecture is Cahors; its subprefectures are Figeac and Gourdon.
Hautes-Pyrénées is a department in the region Occitanie, southwestern France. In 2019, its population was 229,567; its prefecture is Tarbes. It is named after the Pyrenees mountain range.
Gers is a department in the region of Occitania, Southwestern France. Named after the Gers River, its inhabitants are called the Gersois and Gersoises in French. In 2019, it had a population of 191,377.
Haute-Garonne is a department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. Named after the river Garonne, which flows through the department. Its prefecture and main city is Toulouse, the country's fourth-largest. In 2019, it had a population of 1,400,039.
Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the rivers Lot and Garonne, it had a population of 331,271 in 2019. Its prefecture and largest city is Agen.
Nézignan-l'Évêque is a commune in the Hérault department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
The arrondissement of Nîmes is an arrondissement of France in the Gard department in the Occitanie region. It has 180 communes. Its population is 554,624 (2016), and its area is 3,158.1 km2 (1,219.3 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Le Vigan is an arrondissement of France in the Gard department in the Occitanie region. It has 74 communes. Its population is 39,243 (2016), and its area is 1,390.6 km2 (536.9 sq mi).
Aniane is a commune in the Hérault department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
Manduel is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Nîmes-Pont-du-Gard station, with high speed connections to Paris and Perpignan and regional services to Avignon, Nîmes and Montpellier, is situated in the commune.
Bourdic is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. The village is part of greater Nîmes.
Générac is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Générac station has rail connections to Nîmes and Le Grau-du-Roi. Tenor Eustase Thomas-Salignac (1867–1943) was born in Générac.
Alignan-du-Vent is a commune in the Hérault department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
Ludiès is a commune in the Ariège department in southwestern France. Ludiès is a rural commune with 94 inhabitants in 2019, having experienced a sharp increase in population since 1975. It is part of the Pamiers attraction area. Its inhabitants are called Ludéens or Ludéennes.
Soubès is a commune in the Hérault department in Occitanie in southern France, situated on a hill near the confluence of the Brèze and Suberbet rivers.
Gorniès is a commune in the Hérault département in the Occitanie region in southern France. The river Vis flows through the commune.