List of longest-living members of the British royal family

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The royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, as used by Elizabeth II since 1953. Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
The royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, as used by Elizabeth II since 1953.

Twenty-seven members of the British royal family [lower-alpha 1] have lived to the age of 80 years or older since the Acts of Union 1707 established the Kingdom of Great Britain. These British royal family members consist of two centenarians, eight nonagenarians, and 17 octogenarians. Of the British royals who have lived to 80 years or longer, 20 have been women and seven have been men. Seventeen of the 27 royals aged 80 or older have been members of the British royal family by blood and 11 have been members through marriage. Of the royals to reach the age of 80 or older, only Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (1776–1857), was a member of the British royal family by both blood and marriage. Four of the British royals who lived 80 years or longer were deprived of their British peerages and royal titles in 1919 under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917 as the children or spouses of enemies of the United Kingdom during World War I and are indicated below with asterisks (*). [7]

British royal family Family consisting of close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom

The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member of the British royal family.

Acts of Union 1707 Acts of Parliament creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain

The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland. They put into effect the terms of the Treaty of Union that had been agreed on 22 July 1706, following negotiation between commissioners representing the parliaments of the two countries. By the two Acts, the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland—which at the time were separate states with separate legislatures, but with the same monarch—were, in the words of the Treaty, "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain".

Kingdom of Great Britain Constitutional monarchy in Western Europe between 1707 and 1801

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called Great Britain, was a sovereign state in western Europe from 1 May 1707 to 1 January 1801. The state came into being following the Treaty of Union in 1706, ratified by the Acts of Union 1707, which united the kingdoms of England and Scotland to form a single kingdom encompassing the whole island of Great Britain and its outlying islands, with the exception of the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. The unitary state was governed by a single parliament and government that was based in Westminster. The former kingdoms had been in personal union since James VI of Scotland became King of England and King of Ireland in 1603 following the death of Elizabeth I, bringing about the "Union of the Crowns". Since its inception the kingdom was in legislative and personal union with Ireland and after the accession of George I to the throne of Great Britain in 1714, the kingdom was in a personal union with the Electorate of Hanover.

Contents

The longest-living member of the British royal family has been Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (1901–2004), who lived 102 years and 309 days. [8] [9] [10] Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester became the oldest ever member of the royal family when she surpassed the age of 101 years and 238 days in 2003, the age at which Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (1900–2002) died in 2002. [8] [9] [11] Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother had previously set the record of being the longest-living British royal in 1998 when she surpassed the age of 97 years and 313 days, the age of Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (1883–1981), when she died in 1981. [12] Princess Alice of Albany is also the longest-living member by blood and was the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria (1819–1901) and Albert, Prince Consort (1819–1861). [13] The current oldest living member of the British royal family is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born 1921), who is the third longest-living British royal and the longest-living male British royal. [14] Prince Philip became the longest-serving royal consort in 2009. [15] [16] The United Kingdom’s current reigning monarch, Elizabeth II (born 1926), is presently the sixth longest ever living British royal family member, the longest-living British monarch, and, since September 2015, the longest ever reigning British monarch. [17] [18]

Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester Wife of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester

Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, was the wife of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third son of King George V and Queen Mary. She was the mother of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother Queen consort of King George VI, mother of Queen Elizabeth II

Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon. She was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the Dominions from her husband's accession in 1936 until his death in 1952, after which she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, to avoid confusion with her daughter. She was the last Empress consort of India.

Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone daughter of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany and Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, was a member of the British royal family. She is the longest-lived British princess by descent, and was the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria. She also held the titles of Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess in Saxony from birth, as well as a Princess of Teck by marriage, until 1917 when the British royal family ceased usage of German titles.

List of British royal family members by lifespan

RankName [lower-alpha 2] PortraitRelationLifespan [lower-alpha 3] Duration
ByToFromTo(days)(years, days)
1 Princess Alice,
Duchess of Gloucester
Alice, Duchess of Gloucester.jpg Marriage Prince Henry,
Duke of Gloucester

[19]
25 December 1901
[19]
29 October 2004
[19]
37,564102 years, 309 days
2 Queen Elizabeth
The Queen Mother
Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother portrait.jpg Marriage George VI
[20]
4 August 1900
[20]
30 March 2002
[20]
37,128101 years, 238 days
3 Prince Philip,
Duke of Edinburgh

[lower-alpha 4]
Duke of Edinburgh 33 Allan Warren.jpg Marriage Elizabeth II
[15] [16]
10 June 1921
[15] [16]
Present35,87398 years, 79 days
4 Princess Alice
of Albany
Princese Alice d'Albany.jpeg Blood Prince Leopold,
Duke of Albany

[23]
25 February 1883
[23]
3 January 1981
[13]
35,74197 years, 313 days
5 Princess Augusta
of Cambridge
Augusta del Reino Unido.jpg Blood Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[24]
19 July 1822
[24]
5 December 1916
[25] [26]
34,47294 years, 139 days
6 Elizabeth II Queen Elizabeth II March 2015.jpg Blood George VI
[18] [27]
21 April 1926
[18] [27]
Present34,09793 years, 129 days
7 Prince Arthur,
Duke of Connaught
and Strathearn
Arthur, Duke of Connaught, 1908.jpg Blood Victoria
[28]
1 May 1850
[28]
16 January 1942
[29]
33,49791 years, 260 days
8 Princess Louise Princess Louise Laszlo.jpg Blood Victoria
[30]
18 March 1848
[30]
3 December 1939
[31]
33,49691 years, 260 days
9 Augusta,
Duchess of Cambridge
Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge - Beechey 1818.jpg Marriage Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[32]
25 July 1797
[33]
6 April 1889
[33]
33,49291 years, 255 days
10 Prince George William
of Cumberland
*
Blood Prince Ernest Augustus
of Cumberland
*
[6] [34]
25 March 1915
[34]
8 January 2006
[34]
33,16290 years, 289 days
11 Marie,
Duchess of Cumberland
and Teviotdale
Marie of Saxe-Altenburg.jpg Marriage Prince George,
Duke of Cumberland
and Teviotdale

[35]
14 April 1818
[35]
9 January 1907
[35] [36]
32,41188 years, 270 days
12 Victoria Louise,
Princess Ernest Augustus
of Cumberland
*
Gustav Rienacker - Viktoria Luise Prinzessin von Preussen.jpg Marriage Prince Ernest Augustus
of Cumberland
*
[37] [38] [39]
13 September 1892
[39]
11 December 1980
[40]
32,23088 years, 89 days
13 Princess Patricia
of Connaught
Princess pattricia.jpg Blood Prince Arthur,
Duke of Connaught
and Strathearn

[41]
17 March 1886
[41]
12 January 1974
[42]
32,07787 years, 301 days
14 Princess Beatrice Coloured Princess Beatrice.jpg Blood Victoria
[43]
14 April 1857
[43]
26 October 1944
[44]
31,97187 years, 195 days
15 Katharine,
Duchess of Kent
Katharine, Duchess of Kent.JPG Marriage Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent

[45]
22 February 1933
[46]
Present31,59886 years, 187 days
16 Queen Mary Queenmaryformalportrait edit3.jpg Marriage George V
[47]
26 May 1867
[48]
24 March 1953
[49]
31,34885 years, 302 days
17 Prince George,
Duke of Cambridge
George 2nd Cambridge.png Blood Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[50]
26 March 1819
[50]
17 March 1904
[51]
31,03784 years, 357 days
18 Victoria Adelaide,
Duchess of Albany
*
Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.jpg Marriage Prince Charles Edward,
Duke of Albany
*
[52]
31 December 1885
[53]
3 October 1970
[53]
30,95684 years, 276 days
19 Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent
HRH The Duke of Kent 5 Allan Warrenjpg.jpg Blood Prince George,
Duke of Kent

[54] [55]
9 October 1935
[54] [55]
Present30,63983 years, 323 days
20 Princess Alexandra
of Kent
HRH The Princess Alexandra 04 25 10.png Blood Prince George,
Duke of Kent

[56] [57]
25 December 1936
[56] [57]
Present30,19682 years, 246 days
21 Princess Beatrice
of Edinburgh
Beatriceedinburgh1884.jpg Blood Prince Alfred,
Duke of Edinburgh

[58]
20 April 1884
[58]
13 July 1966
[59]
30,03382 years, 84 days
22 Victoria Queen Victoria by Bassano.jpg Blood Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent
and Strathearn

[60] [61]
24 May 1819
[60] [61]
22 January 1901
[61] [62]
29,82881 years, 243 days
23 George III Allan Ramsay - King George III in coronation robes - Google Art Project.jpg Blood Frederick,
Prince of Wales

[63]
4 June 1738
[63]
29 January 1820
[63] [64]
29,82381 years, 239 days
24 Princess Mary,
Duchess of Gloucester
and Edinburgh
Cuii pec pd0024 large.jpg Blood &
Marriage
Born to George III ;
Married to
Prince William Frederick,
Duke of Gloucester
and Edinburgh

[65] [66]
25 April 1776
[66]
30 April 1857
[66] [67]
29,58981 years, 5 days
25 Queen Alexandra Queen Alexandra, the Princess of Wales.jpg Marriage Edward VII
[68]
1 December 1844
[69]
20 November 1925
[70] [71]
29,57380 years, 354 days
26 Princess Alexandra
of Cumberland
*
Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland (1882-1963).jpg Blood Prince Ernest Augustus,
Duke of Cumberland
and Teviotdale
*
[72] [73]
29 September 1882
[72] [73]
30 August 1963
[72]
29,55480 years, 335 days
27 Prince Ernest Augustus,
Duke of Cumberland
and Teviotdale

[lower-alpha 5]
Ernest Augustus I of Hanover.PNG Blood George III
[75]
5 June 1771
[75]
18 November 1851
[75] [76]
29,38580 years, 166 days

Chronology of longest-living British royal family members

Name [lower-alpha 2] PortraitRelationLifespan [lower-alpha 3] DurationYears as record-holder
ByToFromTo(days)(years, days)FromTo
George II George II by Thomas Hudson.jpg Blood George I
[77]
9 November 1683
[78]
25 October 1760
[79]
28,10976 years, 351 days1815
George III Allan Ramsay - King George III in coronation robes - Google Art Project.jpg Blood Frederick,
Prince of Wales

[63]
4 June 1738
[63]
29 January 1820
[63] [64]
29,82381 years, 239 days18151879
Augusta,
Duchess of Cambridge
Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge - Beechey 1818.jpg Marriage Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[32]
25 July 1797
[33]
6 April 1889
[33]
33,49291 years, 255 days18791914
Princess Augusta
of Cambridge
Augusta del Reino Unido.jpg Blood Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[24]
19 July 1822
[24]
5 December 1916
[25]
34,47294 years, 139 days19141977
Princess Alice
of Albany
Princese Alice d'Albany.jpeg Blood Prince Leopold,
Duke of Albany

[23]
25 February 1883
[23]
3 January 1981
[13]
35,74197 years, 313 days19771998
Queen Elizabeth
The Queen Mother
Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother portrait.jpg Marriage George VI
[20]
4 August 1900
[20]
30 March 2002
[20]
37,128101 years, 238 days19982003
Princess Alice,
Duchess of Gloucester
Alice, Duchess of Gloucester.jpg Marriage Prince Henry,
Duke of Gloucester

[19]
25 December 1901
[19]
29 October 2004
[19]
37,564102 years, 309 days2003Present

Notes

  1. This list consists of British royal family members entitled (in the earliest cases retroactively) to the styles of His or Her Royal Highness or His or Her Majesty, as defined by Letters Patent in 1864, [1] 1898, [2] 1917, [3] 1996, [4] and 2012. [5] According to the aforementioned Letters Patent, British royal family members entitled to the style of Royal Highness are the children and male-line grandchildren of the British monarch and previous British monarchs, [1] [3] the children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales, [2] [5] and all their current or widowed spouses. [4] This list also includes those male-line descendants of British monarchs who, prior to 1917, were entitled to the "style and attribute" of His or Her Highness with the designation of a "Prince (or Princess) of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland." [6]
  2. 1 2 As this is a list of British royal family members, individuals are listed by their British royal title by birth, grant, or by marriage.
  3. 1 2 To maintain consistency within the table, the dates of birth and death are given in the New Style.
  4. Letters Patent on 20 November 1947 entitled then Lieutenant Sir Philip Mountbatten to "hold and enjoy the title, style and attribute of Royal Highness." [21] Letters Patent on 22 February 1957 gave then Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, "the style and titular dignity of a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland." [22]
  5. On 23 April 1799, Prince Ernest Augustus was granted the "Names, Styles, and Titles of Duke of Cumberland, and of Teviotdale, in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and of Earl of Armagh, in the Kingdom of Ireland." [74]

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See also