Thomson, Illinois

Last updated
Thomson
Thomson Station - November 2016.jpg
The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad depot in Thomson in November 2016, serving as a museum.
Nickname(s): 
The Melon Capital of the World
Carroll County Illinois Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Thomson Highlighted.svg
Location of Thomson in Carroll County, Illinois.
Illinois in United States (US48).svg
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°57′31″N90°05′56″W / 41.95861°N 90.09889°W / 41.95861; -90.09889 Coordinates: 41°57′31″N90°05′56″W / 41.95861°N 90.09889°W / 41.95861; -90.09889
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
County Carroll
Township York
Area
[1]
  Total2.39 sq mi (6.20 km2)
  Land2.39 sq mi (6.20 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
[2]
597 ft (182 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total590
  Estimate 
(2016) [3]
560
  Density233.92/sq mi (90.32/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
61285
Area code(s) 815
FIPS code 17-75172
Wikimedia CommonsThomson, Illinois
Website http://www.thomsonil.com

Thomson is a village along Illinois Route 84 near the Mississippi River in Carroll County, Illinois, United States. The population was 590 at the 2010 census, up from 559 at the 2000 census. Just north of the village is the Thomson Correctional Center, a mostly-unused former state prison, purchased by the Federal Bureau of Prisons in 2012. Currently AUSP Thomson houses over 100 low- security inmates as it remodels to federal maximum-security standards.

Illinois Route 84 highway in Illinois

Illinois Route 84 is a long state highway that runs along the Mississippi River in northwestern Illinois. Illinois 84 runs from south of Green Rock at U.S. Route 6 to the Wisconsin state line at Highway 80 by Hazel Green, Wisconsin. Illinois 84 is 93.93 miles (151.17 km) long.

Mississippi River largest river system in North America

The Mississippi River is the second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system. Its source is Lake Itasca in northern Minnesota and it flows generally south for 2,320 miles (3,730 km) to the Mississippi River Delta in the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains all or parts of 32 U.S. states and two Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian mountains. The main stem is entirely within the United States; the total drainage basin is 1,151,000 sq mi (2,980,000 km2), of which only about one percent is in Canada. The Mississippi ranks as the fourth-longest and fifteenth-largest river by discharge in the world. The river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

Carroll County, Illinois U.S. county in Illinois

Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,387. Its county seat is Mount Carroll.

Contents

Thomson is known for wonderful watermelons, and it has the nickname "Melon Capital of the World." [4]

Geography

Thomson is located at 41°57′37″N90°6′11″W / 41.96028°N 90.10306°W / 41.96028; -90.10306 (41.960168, -90.103152), [5] about a mile (kilometer and a half) east of the Mississippi River in northwestern Illinois, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Clinton, Iowa, 38 miles (61 km) northeast of Moline, Illinois in the Quad Cities, and 120 miles (190 km) west of Chicago.

Clinton, Iowa City in Iowa, United States

Clinton is a city in and the county seat of Clinton County, Iowa, United States. The population was 26,885 as of 2010. Clinton, along with DeWitt, Iowa, was named in honor of the sixth governor of New York, DeWitt Clinton. Clinton is the principal city of the Clinton Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is coterminous with Clinton County. Clinton was incorporated on January 26, 1857.

Moline, Illinois Place in Illinois, United States

Moline is a city located in Rock Island County, Illinois, United States. With a population of 43,977 in 2010, it is the largest city in Rock Island County. Moline is one of the Quad Cities, along with neighboring East Moline and Rock Island in Illinois and the cities of Davenport and Bettendorf in Iowa. The Quad Cities have an estimated population of 381,342. The city is the ninth-most populated city in Illinois outside the Chicago Metropolitan Area. The corporate headquarters of Deere & Company is located in Moline, as was Montgomery Elevator, which was founded and headquartered in Moline until 1997, when it was acquired by Kone Elevator, which has its U.S. Division headquartered in Moline. Quad City International Airport, Niabi Zoo, Black Hawk College, and the Quad Cities campus of Western Illinois University-Quad Cities. Moline is a retail hub for the Illinois Quad Cities, as South Park Mall and numerous big-box shopping plazas are located in the city.

Quad Cities Metropolitan area in the United States

The Quad Cities is a region of five cities in the U.S. states of Iowa and Illinois: Davenport and Bettendorf in southeastern Iowa, and Rock Island, Moline, and East Moline in northwestern Illinois. These cities are the center of the Quad Cities metropolitan area, which as of 2013 had a population estimate of 383,781 and a CSA population of 474,937, making it the 90th-largest CSA in the nation.

According to the 2010 census, Thomson has a total area of 2.38 square miles (6.16 km2), all land. [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 380
1890 374−1.6%
1900 46724.9%
1910 4874.3%
1920 4951.6%
1930 5082.6%
1940 5294.1%
1950 5595.7%
1960 543−2.9%
1970 61713.6%
1980 91147.6%
1990 538−40.9%
2000 5593.9%
2010 5905.5%
Est. 2016560 [3] −5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 559 people, 234 households, and 160 families residing in the village. The population density was 253.2 people per square mile (97.7/km²). There were 244 housing units at an average density of 110.5 per square mile (42.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.32% White, 0.54% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 234 households out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.87.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world, not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion. Over time, it has expanded and also constricted who and what is encompassed. Typically, it is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

In the village, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $36,667, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $39,000 versus $22,143 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,261. About 4.5% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

History

Prison

Thomson Correctional Facility was opened in 2001, but as of 2009 has never had a prisoner in its main, 1600-bed maximum-security unit; the only prison population has been in the 200-bed minimum security unit, which was populated in 2006 and averages about 150 prisoners. The minimum security unit has an annual budget of $7 million. [9] State budget constraints as well as labor union opposition to closing other state prisons prevented the maximum-security prison from opening. [9]

In 2008, Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich proposed to close the state prison in Pontiac, Illinois and to open the Thomson maximum-security unit instead. However, Blagojevich was subsequently arrested on December 9, 2008, and removed from office. His replacement, Governor Pat Quinn cancelled plans to close the Pontiac prison in March 2009, leaving Thomson unused. [9]

In 2009 the United States government announced that prisoners at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp would be moved to the prison in Thomson. [4] CNN stated that before the decision was announced, many people in the town wanted the Guantanamo prisoners to be housed there so the town could get economic benefits. [9] [10]

On December 15, 2009, President Barack Obama ordered the federal government to proceed with acquisition of the underutilized state prison in Thomson to be the new home for a limited number of terror suspects held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. [11] The facility was also be used as a Bureau of Prisons facility to house other federal inmates. In response to the 2009 presidential order, the American Federation of State County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), which represents 13,000 Illinois prison staff, argued that rather than turn the maximum security unit over to the Federal government, it should be used to relieve overcrowding in other Illinois prisons. AFSCME claims that the other facilities were designed for 32,000 prisoners, but currently house 45,000. [9] Subsequent Congressional banning of federal expenditures for imprisoning in the United States of terror suspects held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, stopped the Obama plans regarding those terror suspects, even though the federal government announced on October 2, 2012 that the acquisition of Thomson is going forward.

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Administrative United States Penitentiary, Thomson, formerly Thomson Correctional Center, is a maximum security Federal prison located in Thomson, Illinois. It has an area of about 146 acres (59 ha) and comprises 15 buildings. The facility is enclosed by a 15-foot (4.6 m), 7000 volt electric fence surrounded by an additional 12-foot (3.7 m) exterior fence covered with razor wire. Thomson has eight cellhouses with a rated capacity of 2,100 beds—1,900 high-security SMU beds and 200 minimum-security beds at the onsite camp—and according to BOP officials, the potential to use some of its high-security rated capacity to house up to 400 ADX inmates. However, from its completion in 2001 to 2006, it sat empty. By 2009, only the minimum-security section houses prisoners.

References

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  2. "USGS detail on Newtown" . Retrieved 2007-10-21.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. 1 2 "Some Guantanamo detainees to be moved to Illinois." CNN.com. December 15, 2009. Retrieved on December 15, 2009.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 Barrett, Joe (December 19, 2009). "Guantanamo Detainees Welcome Here". Wall Street Journal. p. A6.
  10. Fantz, Ashley (2009-12-15). "Many in Illinois town hope locating Gitmo detainees there helps business". CNN.com . Retrieved 2009-12-15.
  11. Jackson, Henry C. (2009-12-15). "Rural Illinois prison to get some Gitmo detainees". Yahoo!. Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-16.