Thopho, or Black Phula, is an endangered Loloish language spoken by the Phula people of Yunnan, China. There are 200 speakers out of an ethnic population of 500 speakers. It is spoken in the following two villages in eastern Guangnan County, Yunnan.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China. Located in Southwest China, the province spans approximately 394,000 square kilometres (152,000 sq mi) and has a population of 45.7 million. The capital of the province is Kunming, formerly also known as Yunnan. The province borders the Chinese provinces Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, and the Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as the countries Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Guangnan County is located in Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China. The seat of Guangnan, known today as Liancheng (莲城镇), was the heart of the Gouding Kingdom (句町) that lasted approximately 400 years, from 111 BC to 316 AD.
Kaiyuan is a county-level city within the jurisdiction of Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture in the southeast of Yunnan province, China.
Fengqing County is located in Lincang City, Yunnan province, China. During the Ming Dynasty it was a frontier known as Shunning Prefecture.
Zhenkang County is located in the west of Yunnan province, China, bordering Burma's Shan State to the west. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Lincang.
Jingdong Yi Autonomous County is an autonomous county in the west-central part of Yunnan Province, China. It is the northernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Pu'er.
Huaning County is a county under the administration of Yuxi, in east-central Yunnan Province, China.
Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County is an autonomous county located in the central part of Yunnan Province, China. It is the westernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Yuxi.
Nanjian Yi Autonomous County is a county in the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture located in the west central part of Yunnan province, China.
Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County is located in Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China, bordering Vietnam's Lai Châu Province to the south. Jinping is home to the Red-headed Yao (红头瑶族) minority group who wear a pointed red hat on their heads after they get married.
Kaduo is a Southern Loloish language spoken in Mojiang, Jiangcheng, Ning'er, Zhenyuan, and Xinping counties of Yunnan by about 20,000 people. Zhu (2011) covers the Kaduo dialect of Shilong Village 石龙村, Mengnong Ethnic Yi Township 孟弄彝族乡, Mojiang County 墨江县.
Mang is an Austroasiatic language of Vietnam, China, and Laos. It is spoken mainly in Lai Châu Province, Vietnam and across the border in Jinping County, China. It was only recently discovered in 1974.
Va is a pair of Angkuic languages spoken in Mojiang Hani Autonomous County, Yunnan, China. Although the Va autonym is, the language is not Wa, and neither does it belong to the Waic language subgroup. Rather, Va constitutes a separate subdivision within the Angkuic languages.
The Nisoish languages, which contains both the Northern Loloish and Southeastern Loloish branches, are a branch of the Loloish languages proposed by Lama (2012). Northern Loloish and Southeastern Loloish were established by Bradley (1997), while the Nisoish group combining Bradley's two branches was proposed by Ziwo Lama (2012). Lama (2012) refers to Northern Loloish as Nisoid or Nisu–Lope, and Southeastern Loloish as Axi–Puoid.
Phola, or Upriver Phula, is a dialect cluster of the Loloish languages spoken by the Phula people of China.
Pela or Bola is a Burmish language of western Yunnan, China. In China, Pela speakers are classified as part of the Jingpo ethnic group. Pela may also be spoken in Burma.
Laizisi is a recently discovered Loloish language spoken in Jidiping 吉地坪, Moguang Village 磨光村, Jindun Township 金墩乡, Heqing County, Yunnan, China. Whereas the Laizisi refer to themselves as, they refer to the Yi people of Xipo village 西坡村 as.
Muangphe is a Lolo-Burmese language spoken by about 300 people in Guangnan County, Yunnan, China.
Suobi 梭比 is a Southern Loloish language of south-central Yunnan, China. It is documented in Bai (2010). Suobi is closely related to Haoni.
Duoni is a Southern Loloish language of Yunnan, China. Duoni is spoken in Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County and Yuanyang County, Yunnan.
Woni is a Southern Loloish language spoken in Zhenyuan Yi, Hani and Lahu Autonomous County and Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County of Yunnan, China. The most extensive description of Woni to date is that of Yang (2016).
Guozuo is a Southern Loloish language of Yunnan, China. It is spoken in Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County and Lüchun County, Yunnan.
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