This is a timeline of Intel, one of the world's largest semiconductor chip makers.
This article needs to be updated. The reason given is: Missing information about the company history.(June 2020)
|Year||Month and date||Event type||Details|
|Intel is founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, who had both left Fairchild Semiconductor.|
|1969||May 1||Competition||Advanced Micro Devices is founded by Jerry Sanders. This company would become the second-largest supplier and only significant rival to Intel in the market for x86-based microprocessors.|
|1970||October||Products||Intel comes out with its 3rd product, the Intel 1103, which put Intel on the map.|
|1971||October 13||Company||Intel goes IPO at a price of $23.50 a share. At 350,000 shares, this sums to a total of $8.225M.|
|1971||November 15||Product||Intel launches its first microprocessor, the 4004.|
|1972||April||Product||Intel announces the first 8-bit microprocessor, the 8008.|
|1974||April||Product||Intel launches the Intel 8080 microprocessor, the first general-purpose microprocessor, featuring 4,500 transistors. This finally kickstarts computer development.|
|1976||Product||Intel launches the Intel MCS-48 series of microcontrollers, the world's first microcontrollers (which combine a CPU with memory, peripherals, and input-output functions).|
|1978||June||Product||Intel introduces the 8086 16-bit microprocessor, which becomes the industry standard (for the x86 instruction set).|
|1979||November||Product||Intel launches "Operation Crush", a campaign to establish the 8086 as the standard for the 16-bit microprocessor market (which was competing with the technically superior Motorola 68000). This finally convinces IBM to adopt the 8086 in its upcoming personal computer.|
|1980||Product||Intel and Xerox introduce the cooperative Ethernet project.|
|1982||February 1||Product||Intel launches the 16-bit Intel 286 microprocessor, which features 134,000 transistors and is built into many PCs.|
|1983||Product||Intel launches CHMOS technology, which increases chip performance while decreasing power consumption.|
|1984||Product||Intel announces the world's first CHMOS DRAMs, which have densities as high as 256K.|
|1985||Product||Intel enters the parallel supercomputer business and introduces the iPSC/1.|
|1985||October||Product||Intel launches (and sole-sources) the 80386 processor, a 32-bit chip that incorporates 275K transistors and can run multiple software programs at once.|
|1986||September||Partnerships||Compaq buys the 386 for its Deskpro personal computer. Compaq was one of several IBM clones that would adopt Intel processors, which shifted control of the computing industry from IBM to Intel.|
|1986||Legal||The US-Japan Semiconductor Trade Agreement is signed, opening up Japanese markets to US semiconductor markets.|
|1989||April 10||Product||Intel introduces the 80486 microprocessor, which it sole-sources for 4 years. This offers backwards compatibility.|
|1989||October||Marketing||Intel launches the "Red X" marketing campaign by discrediting its original 16-bit and 8-bit products, in order to encourage more people to adopt 32-bit computing.|
|1990||June 3||Team||Robert Noyce suddenly dies from a heart attack.|
|1990||November||Competition||Intel loses its suit against AMD. This loss allows AMD to create clones of the 386 processor.|
|1991||Spring||Product||Intel decides that it will stick with CISC architecture, and cuts off support for RISC architecture, which was internally developed by Les Kohn.|
|1991||Company||Intel starts the Intel Inside marketing campaign.|
|1992||Competition||Intel becomes the top-ranked seller for semiconductor sales. It has retained its top ranking ever since.|
|1993||March||Product||Intel launches the Pentium processor, which has 3.1 million transistors, initial speeds of 60 MHz, features an integrated floating-point unit, and is built on a 0.8 micron bi-CMOS process.|
|1994||December||Product||Intel suffers a public relations disaster when CNN publicized the story that there was a flaw in the way that the Pentium chip did division. Intel argued that the flaw was irrelevant, but then IBM halted shipments of Pentium-based computers, forcing Intel to reverse course and offer a no-questions-asked return policy.|
|1995||November 1||Product||Intel launches the Pentium Pro processor, a high-performance chip targeted for 32-bit workstations.|
|1996||October 22||Product||Intel launches the Pentium MMX product line.|
|1997||May 7||Product||Intel launches the Pentium II line of processors, which is Intel's sixth-generation microarchitecture (P6).|
|1998||April 1||Company||Intel wins sponsorship rights to the Westinghouse Science Talent Search.|
|1998||June 29||Product||Intel rolls out the Intel Pentium II Xeon processor, Intel's new high-end solution for the workstation and server markets.|
|1998||August 24||Product||Intel launches the first processor for the budget PC market segment, the Intel Celeron processor.|
|1999||February 26||Product||Intel launches the Pentium III generation of microprocessors, which features the addition of the SSE instruction set (to accelerate floating point and parallel calculations).|
|1999||October||Company||The Dow Jones Industrial Average adds Intel to its list.|
|2000||Company||Intel launches Intel Research.|
|2000||November||Product||Intel introduces the Pentium 4 processor, with an initial speed of 1.5 GHz.|
|2001||May||Legal, competition||Intel and Advanced Micro Devices make a patent cross-license agreement between the companies.|
|2003||March||Product||Intel introduces Centrino processor technology for laptop PCs, which made wireless compatibility a standard for laptop computers.|
|2004||February||Product||Intel announces that it will implement its first 64-bit processor, and releases the Nocona on June 2004.|
|2005||June||Legal, competition||AMD files lawsuit against Intel, claiming that Intel engaged in unfair competition by offering rebates to Japanese PC manufacturers who agreed to eliminate or limit purchases of microprocessors made by AMD or a smaller manufacturer, Transmeta. On November 2009, Intel agrees to pay AMD $1.25 billion in a settlement.|
|Intel launches the Core 2 Duo processor, which marks its transition into dual core processors. Intel releases a new logo|
|2007||November||Competition||Qualcomm launches the first Snapdragon system on a chip semiconductor product, which included the first 1 GHz processor for mobile phones. By 2011, Snapdragon achieves 50% market share of the smartphone processor market.|
|2008||March 2||Product||Intel announces the Intel Atom, a line of low-power, low-cost and low-performance x86 and x86-64 microprocessors that can be used for smartphones and tablets.|
|2008||August 10||Product||Intel announces the Nehalem microprocessor, which represents the new Core i7 brand of high-end microprocessors to replace the Core 2 Duo microprocessors.|
|2009||November||Legal||Intel pays Advanced Micro Devices $1.25 billion in a settlement over AMD's assertion that Intel rewarded computer makers that used only Intel chips and punished those who bought from AMD.|
|2011||January||Product||Intel announces the Sandy Bridge series of i7 microprocessors to replace Nehalem. Sandy Bridge microprocessors start out as quad-core.|
|2011||May||Product||Intel announces that it will put the first 3D transistors. into high-volume production (the structure it invented is called "Tri-Gate").|
|2013||June||Product||Intel releases the next-generation lineup of desktop and mobile processors in the Core i3, i5, and i7 family – known as Haswell.|
|2013||September 10||Product||Intel announces the Intel Quark, a tiny chip that can power Internet of things and wearable devices.|
|2016||May 3||Product||Intel announces withdrawal from smartphone market.|
|Intel and all its products (except the ones that were discontinued or never got a new logo) get a new logo.|
Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of x86-compatible microprocessors designed and manufactured by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). The original Athlon was the first seventh-generation x86 processor and was the first desktop processor to reach speeds of one gigahertz (GHz). It made its debut as AMD's high-end processor brand on June 23, 1999. Over the years AMD has used the Athlon name with the 64-bit Athlon 64 architecture, the Athlon II, and Accelerated Processing Unit (APU) chips targeting the Socket AM1 desktop SoC architecture, and Socket AM4 Zen microarchitecture. The modern Zen-based Athlon with a Radeon Graphics processor was introduced in 2019 as AMD's highest-performance entry-level processor.
Intel Corporation, stylized as intel, is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue, and is the developer of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors found in most personal computers (PCs). Incorporated in Delaware, Intel ranked No. 45 in the 2020 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for nearly a decade, from 2007 to 2016 fiscal years.
The Pentium is a microprocessor that was introduced by Intel on March 22, 1993, as the first CPU in the Pentium brand. It was instruction set compatible with the 80486 but was a new and very different microarchitecture design. The P5 Pentium was the first superscalar x86 microarchitecture and the world's first superscalar microprocessor to be in mass production. It included dual integer pipelines, a faster floating-point unit, wider data bus, separate code and data caches, and many other techniques and features to enhance performance and support security, encryption, and multiprocessing, for workstations and servers.
Celeron is Intel's brand name for low-end IA-32 and x86-64 computer microprocessor models targeted at low-cost personal computers.
Pentium 4 is a series of single-core CPUs for desktops, laptops and entry-level servers manufactured by Intel. The processors were shipped from November 20, 2000 until August 8, 2008. The production of Netburst processors was active from 2000 until May 21, 2010.
Centrino is a brand name of Intel Corporation which represents its Wi-Fi and WiMAX wireless computer networking adapters. Previously the same brand name was used by the company as a platform-marketing initiative. The change of the meaning of the brand name occurred on January 7, 2010.
The Pentium M is a family of mobile 32-bit single-core x86 microprocessors introduced in March 2003 and forming a part of the Intel Carmel notebook platform under the then new Centrino brand. The Pentium M processors had a maximum thermal design power (TDP) of 5–27 W depending on the model, and were intended for use in laptops. They evolved from the core of the last Pentium III–branded CPU by adding the front-side bus (FSB) interface of Pentium 4, an improved instruction decoding and issuing front end, improved branch prediction, SSE2 support, and a much larger cache. The first Pentium M–branded CPU, code-named Banias, was followed by Dothan. The Pentium M-branded processors were succeeded by the Core-branded dual-core mobile Yonah CPU with a modified microarchitecture.
Tejas was a code name for Intel's microprocessor, which was to be a successor to the latest Pentium 4 with the Prescott core and was sometimes referred to as Pentium V. Jayhawk was a code name for its Xeon counterpart. The cancellation of the processors in May 2004 underscored Intel's historical transition of its focus on single-core processors to multi-core processors.
The NetBurst microarchitecture, called P68 inside Intel, was the successor to the P6 microarchitecture in the x86 family of central processing units (CPUs) made by Intel. The first CPU to use this architecture was the Willamette-core Pentium 4, released on November 20, 2000 and the first of the Pentium 4 CPUs; all subsequent Pentium 4 and Pentium D variants have also been based on NetBurst. In mid-2004, Intel released the Foster core, which was also based on NetBurst, thus switching the Xeon CPUs to the new architecture as well. Pentium 4-based Celeron CPUs also use the NetBurst architecture.
Yonah was the code name of Intel's first generation 65 nm process CPU cores, based on cores of the earlier Banias / Dothan Pentium M microarchitecture. Yonah CPU cores were used within Intel's Core Solo and Core Duo mobile microprocessor products. SIMD performance on Yonah improved through the addition of SSE3 instructions and improvements to SSE and SSE2 implementations; integer performance decreased slightly due to higher latency cache. Additionally, Yonah included support for the NX bit.
The transistor count is the number of transistors in an electronic device. It typically refers to the number of MOSFETs on an integrated circuit (IC) chip, as all modern ICs use MOSFETs. It is the most common measure of IC complexity. The rate at which MOS transistor counts have increased generally follows Moore's law, which observed that the transistor count doubles approximately every two years.
Intel Core 2 is the processor family encompassing a range of Intel's consumer 64-bit x86-64 single-, dual-, and quad-core microprocessors based on the Core microarchitecture. The single- and dual-core models are single-die, whereas the quad-core models comprise two dies, each containing two cores, packaged in a multi-chip module. The Core 2 range was the last flagship range of Intel desktop processors to use a front-side bus.
Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86 architecture-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel. The original Pentium was released in 1993. After that, the Pentium II and Pentium III were released.
Intel Atom is the brand name for a line of IA-32 and x86-64 instruction set ultra-low-voltage microprocessors by Intel Corporation designed to reduce electric consumption and power dissipation in comparison with ordinary processors of the Intel Core series. Atom is mainly used in netbooks, nettops, embedded applications ranging from health care to advanced robotics, and mobile Internet devices (MIDs). The line was originally designed in 45 nm complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) technology and subsequent models, codenamed Cedar, used a 32 nm process.
Consumer Ultra-Low Voltage (CULV) is a computing platform developed by Intel. It was estimated in January 2009 that this market could reach 10 million CULV laptops shipped during that year. Competing platforms are the VIA Nano, AMD Yukon, AMD Nile notebook platform, and graphic chips from the Nvidia GeForce line within the "Nvidia Ion platform". Some of the lowest-power-consumption processors for the ultra thin CULV category are only a few watts more than the Intel Atom, which is rated at no more than 2.5 W. Because of their low power and heat output, CULV enables very thin computer systems, and long battery life in notebook computers, such as those designed to Intel's Ultrabook specifications.
Merom is the code name for various Intel processors that are sold as Core 2 Duo, Core 2 Solo, Pentium Dual-Core and Celeron. It was the first mobile processor to be based on the Core microarchitecture, replacing the Enhanced Pentium M-based Yonah processor. Merom has the product code 80537, which is shared with Merom-2M and Merom-L that are very similar but have a smaller L2 cache. Merom-L has only one processor core and a different CPUID model. The desktop version of Merom is Conroe and the dual-socket server version is Woodcrest. Merom was manufactured in a 65 nanometer process, and was succeeded by Penryn, a 45 nm version of the Merom architecture. Together, Penryn and Merom represented the first 'tick-tock' in Intel's Tick-Tock manufacturing paradigm, in which Penryn was the 'tick' to Merom's 'tock'.
Penryn is the code name of a processor from Intel that is sold in varying configurations as Core 2 Solo, Core 2 Duo, Core 2 Quad, Pentium and Celeron.
Intel Core are streamlined midrange consumer, workstation and enthusiast computer central processing units (CPUs) marketed by Intel Corporation. These processors displaced the existing mid- to high-end Pentium processors at the time of their introduction, moving the Pentium to the entry level. Identical or more capable versions of Core processors are also sold as Xeon processors for the server and workstation markets.
Silvermont is a microarchitecture for low-power Atom, Celeron and Pentium branded processors used in systems on a chip (SoCs) made by Intel. Silvermont forms the basis for a total of four SoC families: