Timeline of Intel

Last updated

This is a timeline of Intel, one of the world's largest semiconductor chip makers.


YearMonth and dateEvent typeDetails
1968July 18Company
Intel is founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, who had both left Fairchild Semiconductor. [1]
1969May 1Competition Advanced Micro Devices is founded by Jerry Sanders. This company would become the second-largest supplier and only significant rival to Intel in the market for x86-based microprocessors.
1970OctoberProductsIntel comes out with its 3rd product, the Intel 1103, which put Intel on the map. [2]
1971October 13Company Intel goes IPO at a price of $23.50 a share. At 350,000 shares, this sums to a total of $8.225M. [3]
1971November 15Product Intel launches its first microprocessor, the 4004. [4] [5]
1972AprilProductIntel announces the first 8-bit microprocessor, the 8008. [4] [5] [6]
1974AprilProductIntel launches the Intel 8080 microprocessor, the first general-purpose microprocessor, featuring 4,500 transistors. [4] This finally kickstarts computer development. [6]
1976ProductIntel launches the Intel MCS-48 series of microcontrollers, the world's first microcontrollers (which combine a CPU with memory, peripherals, and input-output functions). [4]
1978JuneProductIntel introduces the 8086 16-bit microprocessor, which becomes the industry standard (for the x86 instruction set). [6]
1979NovemberProductIntel launches "Operation Crush", a campaign to establish the 8086 as the standard for the 16-bit microprocessor market (which was competing with the technically superior Motorola 68000). This finally convinces IBM to adopt the 8086 in its upcoming personal computer. [2]
1980ProductIntel and Xerox introduce the cooperative Ethernet project. [4]
1982February 1ProductIntel launches the 16-bit Intel 286 microprocessor, which features 134,000 transistors and is built into many PCs. [4]
1983ProductIntel launches CHMOS technology, which increases chip performance while decreasing power consumption. [4]
1984ProductIntel announces the world's first CHMOS DRAMs, which have densities as high as 256K. [4]
1985ProductIntel enters the parallel supercomputer business and introduces the iPSC/1. [4] [7]
1985OctoberProductIntel launches (and sole-sources) the 80386 processor, a 32-bit chip that incorporates 275K transistors and can run multiple software programs at once. [2]
1986SeptemberPartnerships Compaq buys the 386 for its Deskpro personal computer. Compaq was one of several IBM clones that would adopt Intel processors, which shifted control of the computing industry from IBM to Intel. [2]
1986LegalThe US-Japan Semiconductor Trade Agreement is signed, opening up Japanese markets to US semiconductor markets.
1989April 10ProductIntel introduces the 80486 microprocessor, which it sole-sources for 4 years. This offers backwards compatibility. [2]
1989OctoberMarketingIntel launches the "Red X" marketing campaign by discrediting its original 16-bit and 8-bit products, in order to encourage more people to adopt 32-bit computing. [8]
1990June 3Team Robert Noyce suddenly dies from a heart attack. [9]
1990NovemberCompetitionIntel loses its suit against AMD. This loss allows AMD to create clones of the 386 processor. [10]
1991SpringProductIntel decides that it will stick with CISC architecture, and cuts off support for RISC architecture, which was internally developed by Les Kohn. [2]
1991CompanyIntel starts the Intel Inside marketing campaign. [4] [11]
1992CompetitionIntel becomes the top-ranked seller for semiconductor sales. It has retained its top ranking ever since. [4]
1993MarchProductIntel launches the Pentium processor, which has 3.1 million transistors, initial speeds of 60 MHz, features an integrated floating-point unit, and is built on a 0.8 micron bi-CMOS process. [4] [12]
1994DecemberProductIntel suffers a public relations disaster when CNN publicized the story that there was a flaw in the way that the Pentium chip did division. Intel argued that the flaw was irrelevant, but then IBM halted shipments of Pentium-based computers, forcing Intel to reverse course and offer a no-questions-asked return policy. [13]
1995November 1ProductIntel launches the Pentium Pro processor, a high-performance chip targeted for 32-bit workstations. [4]
1996October 22ProductIntel launches the Pentium MMX product line. [14]
1997May 7ProductIntel launches the Pentium II line of processors, which is Intel's sixth-generation microarchitecture (P6). [15]
1998April 1CompanyIntel wins sponsorship rights to the Westinghouse Science Talent Search. [16]
1998June 29ProductIntel rolls out the Intel Pentium II Xeon processor, Intel's new high-end solution for the workstation and server markets. [17]
1998August 24ProductIntel launches the first processor for the budget PC market segment, the Intel Celeron processor. [18]
1999February 26ProductIntel launches the Pentium III generation of microprocessors, which features the addition of the SSE instruction set (to accelerate floating point and parallel calculations). [19]
1999OctoberCompanyThe Dow Jones Industrial Average adds Intel to its list. [20]
2000CompanyIntel launches Intel Research.
2000NovemberProductIntel introduces the Pentium 4 processor, with an initial speed of 1.5 GHz. [4] [21]
2001MayLegal, competitionIntel and Advanced Micro Devices make a patent cross-license agreement between the companies. [22]
2003MarchProductIntel introduces Centrino processor technology for laptop PCs, which made wireless compatibility a standard for laptop computers. [4] [23] [24]
2004FebruaryProductIntel announces that it will implement its first 64-bit processor, and releases the Nocona on June 2004. [25]
2005JuneLegal, competition AMD files lawsuit against Intel, claiming that Intel engaged in unfair competition by offering rebates to Japanese PC manufacturers who agreed to eliminate or limit purchases of microprocessors made by AMD or a smaller manufacturer, Transmeta. On November 2009, Intel agrees to pay AMD $1.25 billion in a settlement.
Intel launches the Core 2 Duo processor, which marks its transition into dual core processors. Intel releases a new logo [4] [26]
2007NovemberCompetition Qualcomm launches the first Snapdragon system on a chip semiconductor product, which included the first 1 GHz processor for mobile phones. By 2011, Snapdragon achieves 50% market share of the smartphone processor market. [27]
2008March 2ProductIntel announces the Intel Atom, a line of low-power, low-cost and low-performance x86 and x86-64 microprocessors that can be used for smartphones and tablets. [4]
2008August 10ProductIntel announces the Nehalem microprocessor, which represents the new Core i7 brand of high-end microprocessors to replace the Core 2 Duo microprocessors. [28]
2009NovemberLegalIntel pays Advanced Micro Devices $1.25 billion in a settlement over AMD's assertion that Intel rewarded computer makers that used only Intel chips and punished those who bought from AMD. [29]
2011JanuaryProductIntel announces the Sandy Bridge series of i7 microprocessors to replace Nehalem. Sandy Bridge microprocessors start out as quad-core. [30]
2011MayProductIntel announces that it will put the first 3D transistors. into high-volume production (the structure it invented is called "Tri-Gate"). [31]
2013JuneProductIntel releases the next-generation lineup of desktop and mobile processors in the Core i3, i5, and i7 family – known as Haswell. [32]
2013September 10ProductIntel announces the Intel Quark, a tiny chip that can power Internet of things and wearable devices. [33]
2016May 3ProductIntel announces withdrawal from smartphone market. [34] [35]
2020September 2Product
Intel and all its products (except the ones that were discontinued or never got a new logo) get a new logo. [36]

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Athlon Brand name for several AMD processors

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Intel American multinational corporation and technology company

Intel Corporation, stylized as intel, is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue, and is the developer of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors found in most personal computers (PCs). Incorporated in Delaware, Intel ranked No. 45 in the 2020 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for nearly a decade, from 2007 to 2016 fiscal years.

Pentium (original) Intel microprocessor

The Pentium is a microprocessor that was introduced by Intel on March 22, 1993, as the first CPU in the Pentium brand. It was instruction set compatible with the 80486 but was a new and very different microarchitecture design. The P5 Pentium was the first superscalar x86 microarchitecture and the world's first superscalar microprocessor to be in mass production. It included dual integer pipelines, a faster floating-point unit, wider data bus, separate code and data caches, and many other techniques and features to enhance performance and support security, encryption, and multiprocessing, for workstations and servers.

Celeron Brand name by Intel

Celeron is Intel's brand name for low-end IA-32 and x86-64 computer microprocessor models targeted at low-cost personal computers.

Pentium 4 Brand by Intel

Pentium 4 is a series of single-core CPUs for desktops, laptops and entry-level servers manufactured by Intel. The processors were shipped from November 20, 2000 until August 8, 2008. The production of Netburst processors was active from 2000 until May 21, 2010.

Centrino Brand name by Intel

Centrino is a brand name of Intel Corporation which represents its Wi-Fi and WiMAX wireless computer networking adapters. Previously the same brand name was used by the company as a platform-marketing initiative. The change of the meaning of the brand name occurred on January 7, 2010.

The Pentium M is a family of mobile 32-bit single-core x86 microprocessors introduced in March 2003 and forming a part of the Intel Carmel notebook platform under the then new Centrino brand. The Pentium M processors had a maximum thermal design power (TDP) of 5–27 W depending on the model, and were intended for use in laptops. They evolved from the core of the last Pentium III–branded CPU by adding the front-side bus (FSB) interface of Pentium 4, an improved instruction decoding and issuing front end, improved branch prediction, SSE2 support, and a much larger cache. The first Pentium M–branded CPU, code-named Banias, was followed by Dothan. The Pentium M-branded processors were succeeded by the Core-branded dual-core mobile Yonah CPU with a modified microarchitecture.

Tejas was a code name for Intel's microprocessor, which was to be a successor to the latest Pentium 4 with the Prescott core and was sometimes referred to as Pentium V. Jayhawk was a code name for its Xeon counterpart. The cancellation of the processors in May 2004 underscored Intel's historical transition of its focus on single-core processors to multi-core processors.

The NetBurst microarchitecture, called P68 inside Intel, was the successor to the P6 microarchitecture in the x86 family of central processing units (CPUs) made by Intel. The first CPU to use this architecture was the Willamette-core Pentium 4, released on November 20, 2000 and the first of the Pentium 4 CPUs; all subsequent Pentium 4 and Pentium D variants have also been based on NetBurst. In mid-2004, Intel released the Foster core, which was also based on NetBurst, thus switching the Xeon CPUs to the new architecture as well. Pentium 4-based Celeron CPUs also use the NetBurst architecture.

Yonah was the code name of Intel's first generation 65 nm process CPU cores, based on cores of the earlier Banias / Dothan Pentium M microarchitecture. Yonah CPU cores were used within Intel's Core Solo and Core Duo mobile microprocessor products. SIMD performance on Yonah improved through the addition of SSE3 instructions and improvements to SSE and SSE2 implementations; integer performance decreased slightly due to higher latency cache. Additionally, Yonah included support for the NX bit.

The transistor count is the number of transistors in an electronic device. It typically refers to the number of MOSFETs on an integrated circuit (IC) chip, as all modern ICs use MOSFETs. It is the most common measure of IC complexity. The rate at which MOS transistor counts have increased generally follows Moore's law, which observed that the transistor count doubles approximately every two years.

Intel Core 2 Processor family by Intel

Intel Core 2 is the processor family encompassing a range of Intel's consumer 64-bit x86-64 single-, dual-, and quad-core microprocessors based on the Core microarchitecture. The single- and dual-core models are single-die, whereas the quad-core models comprise two dies, each containing two cores, packaged in a multi-chip module. The Core 2 range was the last flagship range of Intel desktop processors to use a front-side bus.

Pentium Brand of microprocessors produced by Intel

Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86 architecture-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel. The original Pentium was released in 1993. After that, the Pentium II and Pentium III were released.

Intel Atom Microprocessor brand name by Intel

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Consumer Ultra-Low Voltage (CULV) is a computing platform developed by Intel. It was estimated in January 2009 that this market could reach 10 million CULV laptops shipped during that year. Competing platforms are the VIA Nano, AMD Yukon, AMD Nile notebook platform, and graphic chips from the Nvidia GeForce line within the "Nvidia Ion platform". Some of the lowest-power-consumption processors for the ultra thin CULV category are only a few watts more than the Intel Atom, which is rated at no more than 2.5 W. Because of their low power and heat output, CULV enables very thin computer systems, and long battery life in notebook computers, such as those designed to Intel's Ultrabook specifications.

Merom (microprocessor) Code name for various Intel processors

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Penryn (microprocessor)

Penryn is the code name of a processor from Intel that is sold in varying configurations as Core 2 Solo, Core 2 Duo, Core 2 Quad, Pentium and Celeron.

Intel Core Line of CPUs by Intel

Intel Core are streamlined midrange consumer, workstation and enthusiast computer central processing units (CPUs) marketed by Intel Corporation. These processors displaced the existing mid- to high-end Pentium processors at the time of their introduction, moving the Pentium to the entry level. Identical or more capable versions of Core processors are also sold as Xeon processors for the server and workstation markets.

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