Timeline of transportation technology

Last updated

This is a timeline of transportation technology and technological developments in the culture of transportation.



A traditional Polynesian catamaran Priests traveling across kealakekua bay for first contact rituals.jpg
A traditional Polynesian catamaran
Dionysus riding on a small galley-like craft in a painting from the Dionysus cup by Exekias, from c. 530 BC Kylix Dionysus on a ship between dolphins 530 BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen Munich 120637.jpg
Dionysus riding on a small galley-like craft in a painting from the Dionysus cup by Exekias, from c. 530 BC

Middle Ages

Horse collars and cart between 1350 and 1375 Weltchronik Fulda Aa88 075v detail1.jpg
Horse collars and cart between 1350 and 1375

17th century

18th century

19th century

Early 19th century

Late 19th century

Late 19th century modes of transport, Japan. Kuruma zukushi.jpg
Late 19th century modes of transport, Japan.
First Zeppelin ascent, 1900 First Zeppelin ascent.jpg
First Zeppelin ascent, 1900

20th century

Early 20th century

Early 20th Century modes of road transport in Dublin, 1929 All of early 20th century transport is here... (12202409055).jpg
Early 20th Century modes of road transport in Dublin, 1929

Late 20th Century

A 0 series Shinkansen high-speed rail set in Tokyo, May 1967 0 series Yurakucho 19670505.jpg
A 0 series Shinkansen high-speed rail set in Tokyo, May 1967
Concorde 001 first flight in 1969 02.03.69 1er vol de Concorde (1969) - 53Fi1931 - cropped.jpg
Concorde 001 first flight in 1969
Space shuttle launch STS120LaunchHiRes-edit1.jpg
Space shuttle launch
C5 enthusiasts gather at the Brooklands Museum C5 Alive rally.jpg
C5 enthusiasts gather at the Brooklands Museum

21st century


Transportation technologies in society

Sustainable transport

Autonomous vehicles

Milestones in autonomous sustainable / public transport vehicles are also listed in this section.

See also


  1. A "tube" railway is an underground railway constructed in a cylindrical tunnel by the use of a tunnelling shield, usually deep below ground level.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Locomotive</span> Self-propelled railway vehicle

A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train. If a locomotive is capable of carrying a payload, it is usually rather referred to as a multiple unit, motor coach, railcar or power car;

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rail transport</span> Mode of transport

Rail transport is a means of transport using wheeled vehicles running in tracks, which usually consist of two parallel steel rails. Rail transport is one of the two primary means of land transport, next to road transport. It is used for about 8% of passenger and freight transport globally, thanks to its energy efficiency and potentially high speed.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Train</span> Series of powered rail vehicles

A train is a series of connected vehicles that run along a railway track and transport people or freight. Trains are typically pulled or pushed by locomotives or railcars, though some are self-propelled, such as multiple units. Passengers and cargo are carried in railroad cars, also known as wagons. Trains are designed to a certain gauge, or distance between rails. Most trains operate on steel tracks with steel wheels, the low friction of which makes them more efficient than other forms of transport.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tram</span> Street-running light railcar

A tram is a type of urban rail transit consisting of a rail vehicle, either alone or coupled as a self-propelled train through a multiple unit, that runs on tramway tracks on urban public streets; some include segments on segregated right-of-way. The tramlines or networks operated as public transport are called tramways or simply trams/streetcars. Many recently built tramways use the contemporary term light rail.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vehicle</span> Mobile equipment that transports people, animals or cargo

A vehicle is a machine designed for self propulsion, usually to transport people or cargo, or both. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles, railed vehicles, watercraft, amphibious vehicles, aircraft and spacecraft.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Multiple unit</span> Self-propelled train

A multiple-unit train or simply multiple unit (MU) is a self-propelled train composed of one or more carriages joined, which when coupled to another multiple unit can be controlled by a single driver, with multiple-unit train control.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of rail transport</span>

The history of rail transport began before the beginning of the common era. It can be divided into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of track material and motive power used.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Railcar</span> Self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers

A railcar is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers. The term "railcar" is usually used in reference to a train consisting of a single coach, with a driver's cab at one or both ends. Some railway companies, such as the Great Western, termed such vehicles "railmotors".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Electric locomotive</span> Locomotive powered by electricity

An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or a supercapacitor. Locomotives with on-board fuelled prime movers, such as diesel engines or gas turbines, are classed as diesel-electric or gas turbine-electric and not as electric locomotives, because the electric generator/motor combination serves only as a power transmission system.

Brush Traction was a manufacturer and maintainer of railway locomotives in Loughborough, England whose operations have now been merged into the Wabtec company's Doncaster UK operations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar vehicle</span> Electric vehicle powered by solar energy

A solar vehicle or solar electric vehicle is an electric vehicle powered completely or significantly by direct solar energy. Usually, photovoltaic (PV) cells contained in solar panels convert the sun's energy directly into electric energy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dual-mode vehicle</span> Transportation system in which vehicles operate on both public roads and on a guideway

A dual-mode vehicle (DMV) is a vehicle that can operate on conventional road surfaces as well as a railway track or a dedicated track known as a guideway. The development of these vehicles started together with personal rapid transport systems in the 1950s or even earlier.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dieselisation</span> Conversion to diesel fuel in vehicles, especially locomotives

Dieselisation is the process of equipping vehicles with a diesel engine or diesel engines.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to transport:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of vehicles</span> Overview of and topical guide to vehicles

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to vehicles:

A hybrid train is a locomotive, railcar or train that uses an onboard rechargeable energy storage system (RESS), placed between the power source and the traction transmission system connected to the wheels. Since most diesel locomotives are diesel-electric, they have all the components of a series hybrid transmission except the storage battery, making this a relatively simple prospect.

The history of trams, streetcars, or trolleys began in the early nineteenth century. It can be divided up into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of motive power used.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hydrogen train</span> Train or locomotive using hydrogen fuel

In transportation, the original (2003) generic term "hydrail" includes hydrogen trains, zero-emission multiple units, or ZEMUs — generic terms describing rail vehicles, large or small, which use on-board hydrogen fuel as a source of energy to power the traction motors, or the auxiliaries, or both. Hydrail vehicles use the chemical energy of hydrogen for propulsion, either by burning hydrogen in a hydrogen internal combustion engine, or by reacting hydrogen with oxygen in a fuel cell to run electric motors, as the hydrogen fuel cell train. Widespread use of hydrogen for fueling rail transportation is a basic element of the proposed hydrogen economy. The term has been used by research scholars and technicians around the world.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to public transport:


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Further reading