1911 college football season

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The 1911 college football season was the last one before major reforms were made to the American game in 1912. In 1911, touchdowns were worth five points, the field was 110 yards in length, and a team had three downs within which to advance the ball ten yards. The United States Naval Academy (Navy) finished with a record of 6 wins and 3 ties (6–0–3). Two of the ties were 0–0 games with the other major unbeaten teams, Penn State (8–0–1) and Princeton (8–0–2). Other teams that finished the season unbeaten were Minnesota (6–0–1) and Florida (5–0–1). The Helms Athletic Foundation, founded in 1936, declared retroactively that Princeton had been the best team of 1911 [1]

Contents

Rules

The rules for American football in 1911 included: [2]

A pass could not be caught beyond the goal line, nor more than 20 yards beyond the line of scrimmage. [2]

Conference and program changes

School1910 Conference1911 Conference
First District Agricultural Indians Program EstablishedIndependent
Iowa Hawkeyes MVIAA & Western Big Nine
Middle Tennessee State Normal football Program EstablishedIndependent
Mississippi College Choctaws Independent SIAA
Southern California Methodists IndependentDropped Program

September

September 23

September 30

October

October 7

October 14

October 21

October 28

November

November 4

November 11

November 18

November 25

November 29

November 30 (Thanksgiving)

January 1912

The last five-point American football touchdown was scored on January 1, 1912, in a game played in Havana, Cuba. Mississippi A&M College (now Mississippi State University) defeated the Club Atletico de Cuba, 12–0. [4]

Conference standings

Major conference standings

1911 Missouri Valley football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Iowa State +201  611
Nebraska +201  512
Kansas 111  422
Washington University 002  422
Missouri 022  242
Drake 021  521
  • + Conference co-champions
1911 Rocky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Colorado $500  600
Utah 311  511
Denver 311  521
Colorado College 320  430
Wyoming 230  431
Colorado Mines 150  250
Colorado Agricultural 050  060
  • $ Conference champion
1911 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Vanderbilt $500  810
Auburn 401  421
Georgia 511  711
Georgia Tech 521  621
Kentucky State 210  730
LSU 210  630
Mississippi A&M 421  721
Alabama 222  522
Ole Miss 220  630
Tulane 330  531
Sewanee 230  631
Clemson 240  350
The Citadel 110  522
Mercer 250  461
Central University 021  321
Tennessee 020  342
Mississippi College 040  150
Howard (AL) 060  161
  • $ Conference champion
1911 Western Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Minnesota $301  601
Chicago 510  610
Wisconsin 211  511
Illinois 221  421
Iowa 220  340
Purdue 130  340
Northwestern 140  340
Indiana 031  331
  • $ Conference champion

Independents

1911 Eastern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Penn State     801
Carlisle     1110
Princeton     802
Trinity (CT)     602
Temple     610
Army     611
Dartmouth     820
Lafayette     820
Yale     721
Harvard     621
Cornell     730
Rhode Island State     521
Brown     731
Penn     740
Pittsburgh     431
Washington & Jefferson     640
Syracuse     532
Lehigh     551
Rutgers     441
St. Bonaventure     220
Carnegie Tech     450
Tufts     340
NYU     133
Colgate     360
Franklin & Marshall     360
Villanova     051
Geneva     061
Boston College     070
1911 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Marquette     702
Notre Dame     602
Fairmount     710
South Dakota     710
Michigan Agricultural     510
Saint Louis     611
Lake Forest     511
Mount Union     720
Michigan     512
North Dakota Agricultural     310
St. Viator     420
Haskell     423
Iowa State Teachers     321
Ohio Northern     540
Kansas State     541
Detroit     440
Central Michigan     330
St. Mary's (OH)     331
Wabash     331
Buchtel     341
Butler     341
Doane     340
Michigan State Normal     340
Heidelberg     231
Western State     230
Loyola (IL)     250
1911 Southern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Oklahoma     800
Florida     501
VMI     710
Texas A&M     610
Georgetown     711
Navy     603
North Carolina     611
VPI     612
Virginia     820
Arkansas     621
Oklahoma A&M     520
Texas     520
Kentucky State     730
West Virginia     630
Davidson     530
North Carolina A&M     530
Chattanooga     320
Catholic University     322
Maryland     442
Baylor     342
Wake Forest     350
Delaware     252
Spring Hill     130
Southwest Texas     130
South Carolina     142
William & Mary     171
Middle Tennessee     010
Richmond     062
1911 Western college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
New Mexico A&M     700
Washington     700
Utah Agricultural     401
Arizona     311
Oregon Agricultural     520
Idaho     430
Oregon     320
Montana     210
Hawaii     220
Washington State     330
New Mexico     131

Minor conferences

ConferenceChampion(s)Record
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference Fairmount College 6–1
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Olivet
Adrian
4–0
3–0
Ohio Athletic Conference Oberlin 4–0–1

Minor conference standings

1911 Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Southern Illinois      340
1911 Ohio Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Oberlin $401  611
Case 511  521
Ohio Wesleyan 620  630
Ohio State 412  532
Cincinnati 211  621
Denison 322  622
Western Reserve 132  434
Ohio 120  332
Miami (OH) 131  242
Wittenberg 140  360
Kenyon 060  171
Wooster 040  060
  • $ Conference champion

Awards and honors

All-Americans

The consensus All-America team included:

PositionNameHeightWeight (lbs.)ClassHometownTeam
QB Art Howe 5'10"153Sr. South Orange, New Jersey Yale
QB Earl Sprackling 5'9"150Sr. Cleveland, Ohio Brown
HB Percy Wendell Jr. Roxbury, Massachusetts Harvard
HB Jim Thorpe 6'1"180Jr. Shawnee, Oklahoma Carlisle
FB John Dalton 5'11"174Sr. St. Louis, Missouri Penn
E Sanford White Sr. Fall River, Massachusetts Princeton
T Ed Hart 5'11"208Sr. Exeter, New Hampshire Princeton
G Bob Fisher Sr. Boston, Massachusetts Harvard
C Hank Ketcham 6'0"175So. Englewood, New Jersey Yale
G Joseph Duff Sr. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Princeton
T Leland Devore 6'4"225Jr. Wheeling, West Virginia Army
E Doug Bomeisler 5'11"190Jr. Brooklyn, New York Yale

Statistical leaders

Related Research Articles

1907 college football season

The 1907 college football season saw the increased use of the forward pass, which had been legalized the year before. Football remained a dangerous game, despite the "debrutalization" reforms, and an unprecedented eleven players were killed, while 98 others were seriously injured. However, there were no serious injuries reported among the major colleges. The Yale Bulldogs, unbeaten with a record of 10–0–1, had the best record. The Helms Athletic Foundation, founded in 1936, declared retroactively that Yale had been the best college football team of 1907. Yale and Penn both claim 1907 as a national championship season. Although Yale was named as champion by 6 different entities, Penn was not named champion by any. Penn's claim to the championship is only by the university itself.

1906 college football season

The 1906 college football season was the first in which the forward pass was permitted. Although there was no clear cut national championship, there were two teams that had won all nine of their games as the 1906 season drew to a close, the Princeton Tigers and the Yale Bulldogs, and on November 17, 1906, they played to a 0–0 tie. St. Louis University finished at 11–0–0. The Helms Athletic Foundation, founded in 1936, declared retroactively that Princeton had been the best college football team of 1906. Other selectors recognized Yale as the national champions for 1906.

The 1926 college football season was the first in which an attempt was made to recognize a national champion after the season.

The 1927 college football season ended with the Illini of the University of Illinois (7–0–1) being recognized as champion under the Dickinson System. At season's end, the Rissler Cup was awarded to the team that finished first in the "Dickinson ratings", which considered strength of schedule, in that a win, loss or tie against a "strong" opponent was worth more than one against a lesser team, and the results were averaged.

The 1928 football season have both the USC Trojans and the Georgia Tech Golden Tornado claim national championships. USC was recognized as champions under the Dickinson System, but the Rose Bowl was contested between the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, California and Georgia Tech. The game was decided by a safety scored after Roy "Wrong Way" Riegels ran 65 yards in the wrong direction. Vance Maree blocked the ensuing punt which gave Georgia Tech a safety deciding the 8–7 win.

The 1930 college football season saw Notre Dame repeat as national champion under the Dickinson System, and a post-season Rose Bowl matchup between two unbeaten (9–0) teams, Washington State and Alabama, ranked No. 2 and No. 3, respectively. Alabama won the Pasadena contest, 24–0.

1932 college football season

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The 1933 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines repeat as winners of the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System.

The 1934 college football season was the 66th season of college football in the United States. Two New Year's Day bowl games were initiated to rival the Rose Bowl Game. On February 15, Warren V. Miller and Joseph M. Cousins organized the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association and by October, the group had enough funds to sponsor the Sugar Bowl. Meanwhile, W. Keith Phillips and the Greater Miami Athletic Club worked in November at a January 1 game for Florida, and the Orange Bowl was created.

1912 college football season

The 1912 college football season was the first of the modern era, as the NCAA implemented changes to increase scoring:

1925 college football season

The 1925 college football season ended with no clear national champion. At the close of the season, noted sports writer Billy Evans described the championship contest as "a dead heat" among Dartmouth, Tulane, Michigan, Washington, and Alabama.

1924 college football season

The 1924 college football season was the year of the Four Horsemen as the Notre Dame team, coached by Knute Rockne, won all of its games, including the Rose Bowl, to be acclaimed as the best team in the nation. Notre Dame and Stanford were both unbeaten at season's end, with the Fighting Irish winning the Rose Bowl contest 27–10. The Penn Quakers were retroactively awarded a national championship by Parke H. Davis.

1923 college football season

The 1923 college football season saw several teams finish their seasons unbeaten and untied. As such, numerous schools claim a national championship for the 1923 season. Illinois and Michigan, both members of what is now the Big Ten Conference, finished with records of 8–0 and were selected as national champion by multiple selectors. Illinois featured break-out star Red Grange. Ivy League teams Yale and Cornell also had undefeated seasons.

1922 college football season

The 1922 college football season had a number of unbeaten and untied teams, and no clear-cut champion, with the Official NCAA Division I Football Records Book listing California, Cornell, Iowa, Princeton, and Vanderbilt as national champions. California, Cornell, and Princeton were all picked by multiple selectors.

The 1948 college football season finished with two unbeaten and untied teams; Michigan and Clemson. Michigan was the first place choice for the majority voters in the AP Poll, but didn't play in the postseason because of a no-repeat rule for Big Nine schools. Notre Dame, second in the AP Poll, tied USC 14–14 at the end of the regular season, but did not participate in any bowl per university policy at the time. Northwestern beat California 20–14 in the Rose Bowl, and Clemson defeated Missouri by a point in the Gator Bowl.

The 1947 college football season finished with Notre Dame, Michigan and Penn State all unbeaten and untied, but the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame were the first place choice for 107 of the 142 voters in the AP Poll, and repeated as national champions. Michigan went on to meet USC in the Rose Bowl and won 49–0, while Penn State was tied 13–13 by SMU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and Notre Dame didn't participate in the postseason. An unofficial post bowl AP poll was conducted with Michigan and Notre Dame as the only options and Michigan won by a vote of 226 to 119.

1908 college football season

The 1908 college football season ran from Saturday, September 19, to November 28. The Penn Quakers and the Harvard Crimson both finished the season unbeaten, though each had been tied once during the season. The LSU Tigers went unbeaten and untied against a weaker opposition. All three teams were named national champions retroactively by various organizations. Only Pennsylvania officially claims a national championship for the 1908 season.

The 1937 college football season ended with the Panthers of the University of Pittsburgh being named the nation's No. 1 team by 30 of the 33 voters in the Associated Press writers' poll. The AP poll was in its second year, and seven votes were taken during the final weeks of the 1937 season, starting with October 18. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. With 33 writers polled, Pitt received 30 first place votes and 3 second-place, for a total of 327 points.

The 1943 college football season concluded with the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame crowned as the nation's No. 1 team by a majority of the voters in the AP Poll, followed by the Iowa Pre-Flight Seahawks as the runner-up. For the third time in the history of the AP Poll, a team that had lost a game was named mythical national champion;. Notre Dame lost its final game of the season, a Chicago contest against the Great Lakes Naval Training Center. Along the way, however, the Fighting Irish had played one of the toughest college schedules ever, beating two No. 2 ranked teams and two No. 3 ranked teams. Purdue University would seemingly have a claim on the 1943 Championship as well as the only undefeated team playing a full schedule, but the Purdue athletic department has never pursued the claim.

1909 college football season

The 1909 college football season was the first for the 3-point field goal, which had previously been worth 4 points. The season ran from Saturday, September 25, until Thanksgiving Day, November 25, although a few games were played on the week before.

References

  1. 2001 ESPN Information Please Sports Almanac, p152
  2. 1 2 Danzig, Allison (1956). The History of American Football: Its Great Teams, Players, and Coaches . Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. pp.  70–71.
  3. "100 years ago: Football fans enjoy mechanized reproduction of KU-MU game". Lawrence Journal-World. November 27, 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  4. "Bacardi Bowl". Archived from the original on 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2008-02-15.