1921 college football season

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The 1921 college football season had no clear-cut champion, with the Official NCAA Division I Football Records Book listing California Golden Bears, Cornell Big Red, Iowa Hawkeyes, Lafayette Leopards, Washington & Jefferson Presidents, and Vanderbilt Commodores as champions. [1] Only California, Cornell, Iowa, and Lafayette claim national championships for the 1921 season.

Contents

Andy Smith's Pacific Coast Conference champion "Wonder Team" at California continued on its streak since 1920. Eastern power Cornell was coached by Gil Dobie and led by one of the sport's great backfields with George Pfann, Eddie Kaw, Floyd Ramsey, and Charles E. Cassidy. Jock Sutherland's Lafayette Maroons were led on the line by Frank Schwab.

Big Ten champion Iowa upset Notre Dame 107. Grantland Rice noted that the 1921 Notre Dame team "was the first team we know of to build its attack around a forward passing game, rather than use a forward passing game as a mere aid to the running game." [2]

1921 was the last season for the old Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association. Vanderbilt tied co-champion Georgia on an onside kick. On October 6, Centre upset Harvard 60 in what is widely considered one of the greatest upsets in college football history. Overjoyed students painted the "impossible formula" C6H0 (Centre 6, Harvard 0) on everything in sight. Georgia Tech also claimed a conference title.

The 1922 Rose Bowl was fought to a scoreless tie, between California and Washington & Jefferson, in the last Rose Bowl to be played at Tournament Park. Washington & Jefferson is the smallest school to ever play in a Rose Bowl.

Conference and program changes

Conference establishments

Membership changes

School1920 Conference1921 Conference
Fresno State Bulldogs Program EstablishedIndependent
Nebraska Cornhuskers Independent MVIAA
Oglethorpe Stormy Petrels Independent SIAA
Phillips Haymakers Southwest Independent
San Diego State Professors Program EstablishedIndependent

First radio broadcast

A historical highlight of the regular season was the 1921 West Virginia vs. Pittsburgh football game, the first college football game to be broadcast live on radio. [3] Today, college football on radio is common for nearly every game in every division.

C6H0

On October 29, Centre College beat Harvard 6 to 0 in what is widely considered one of the greatest upsets in college football history. Overjoyed students painted the "impossible formula" C6H0 (Centre 6, Harvard 0) on everything in sight.

Bowl games

Image from the Rose Bowl. 1922 Rose Bowl Off Tackle Play.jpg
Image from the Rose Bowl.

In the 1922 Rose Bowl, heavily favored California played Washington & Jefferson to a scoreless tie. The game holds several distinctions including being the only scoreless contest and the first tie in a Rose Bowl. Charles Fremont West of Washington & Jefferson was the first African-American quarterback to play in the Rose Bowl, and Herb Kopf, also of Washington and Jefferson, was the first freshman to play in a Rose Bowl. The 1922 Rose Bowl was the last played at Tournament Park and featured the smallest school—Washington & Jefferson College had only 450 students at the time—to ever play in a Rose Bowl. [4] [5]

Other bowls

Conference standings

Major conference standings

1921 Big Ten Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Iowa $500  700
Chicago 410  610
Ohio State 410  520
Wisconsin 311  511
Michigan 211  511
Indiana 120  340
Minnesota 240  340
Illinois 140  340
Purdue 140  160
Northwestern 050  160
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Missouri Valley football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Nebraska $300  710
Kansas State 420  530
Missouri 420  620
Drake 220  520
Kansas 330  440
Iowa State 340  440
Oklahoma 230  530
Washington University 230  431
Grinnell 040  250
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Pacific Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
California $400  901
Washington State 211  421
Stanford 111  422
Oregon Agricultural 121  432
Oregon 012  513
Washington 031  341
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Rocky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Utah Agricultural $400  710
Colorado 401  411
Utah 211  321
Denver 221  421
Colorado Agricultural 221  231
Colorado College 240  440
Wyoming 132  142
Colorado Mines 150  150
Montana State 010  240
  • $ Conference champion
1921 South Atlantic Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Washington and Lee $200  630
Georgetown 100  810
Johns Hopkins 100  100
Virginia 510  540
North Carolina 311  522
VPI 420  730
Richmond 221  431
Maryland 221  351
Catholic University 220  350
NC State 113  333
William & Mary 131  431
Trinity (NC) 010  612
Davidson 013  343
Johns Hopkins 020  120
VMI 031  351
George Washington 031  332
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Centre +500  1010
Georgia +601  721
Georgia Tech +500  810
Vanderbilt +501  701
Tennessee 411  621
Florida 412  632
Mississippi College 311  721
Sewanee 420  620
Transylvania 210  440
LSU 211  611
South Carolina 211  512
Furman 421  721
Auburn 320  530
Mississippi A&M 231  441
Tulane 340  460
Alabama 242  542
Oglethorpe 240  540
Chattanooga 240  460
The Citadel 121  332
Kentucky 131  431
Ole Miss 140  360
Howard 140  360
Mercer 150  360
Louisville 010  221
Wofford 020  270
Georgetown (KY) 030  260
Millsaps 030  151
Clemson 052  162
  • + Conference co-champions
1921 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Texas A&M $302  612
Texas 101  611
Arkansas 210  531
Baylor 220  830
Oklahoma A&M 110  541
Rice 121  441
SMU 040  161
  • $ Conference champion

Independents

1921 Eastern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wash. & Jeff.     1001
Lafayette     900
Cornell     800
Penn State     802
Yale     810
New Hampshire     811
Franklin & Marshall     612
Villanova     612
Carnegie Tech     720
Syracuse     720
Harvard     721
Dartmouth     621
Brown     531
Bucknell     531
Geneva     531
Pittsburgh     531
Holy Cross     530
Army     640
Princeton     430
Boston College     431
Fordham     432
Penn     432
Colgate     442
Lehigh     440
Vermont     340
NYU     233
Drexel     231
Rutgers     460
Rhode Island State     350
Columbia     260
Tufts     152
Duquesne     041
1921 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Detroit Junior College     602
Notre Dame     1010
Detroit     810
South Dakota State     710
Iowa State Teachers     511
Wabash     720
Central Michigan     721
Butler     620
Western State (MI)     620
Marquette     621
Haskell     550
North Dakota Agricultural     331
Saint Louis     441
Valparaiso     221
Michigan Agricultural     350
Earlham     241
St. Ignatius (OH)     260
Dayton     171
Kent State     021
1921 Southern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Tennessee Docs     800
Southwest Texas     700
Talladega     401
Navy     610
Erskine     620
Marshall     521
Delaware     540
West Virginia     541
Middle Tennessee     321
East Tennessee     430
Louisville     221
Spring Hill     440
Mississippi Normal     340
Loyola (LA)     240
Wake Forest     280
Texas Mines     140
Presbyterian     170
1921 Western college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
USC     1010
Arizona     720
Santa Clara     600
Chico State     421
La Verne     421
Idaho     431
Nevada     431
Saint Mary's     430
Hawaii     332
Montana     331
Pacific (CA)     330
University Farm     340
New Mexico     220
New Mexico A&M     220
Gonzaga     241
San Jose State     150

Minor conferences

ConferenceChampion(s)Record
Central Intercollegiate Athletics Association Virginia Union 3–0
Inter-Normal Athletic Conference of Wisconsin Stout Normal 3–0
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference Kansas State Teachers
Kansas State Teachers–Fort Hays
6–0–1
6–0
Louisiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association Louisiana Polytechnic 3–0
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association No champion
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Hamline 5–0
Nebraska Intercollegiate Conference Unknown
Ohio Athletic Conference Miami (OH) 7–0
Oklahoma Intercollegiate Conference Unknown
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Pomona 5–0
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Morehouse
Southwestern Athletic Conference Wiley
Tri-Normal League State Normal–Cheney

Minor conference standings

1921 Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Virginia Union $300  602
Howard 410  710
Lincoln (PA) 210  810
Virginia Normal 110  211
Hampton 130  230
Shaw 020   ? ?0
Virginia Seminary 030  440
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Carthage 420  620
Southern Illinois     432
1921 Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hays Normal $600  610
Kansas State Normal 610  610
Pittsburg Normal 511  721
College of Emporia 410  421
Fairmount 421  521
Bethany (KS) 430  530
Baker 431  531
Southwestern (KS) 440  540
Friends 331  341
Washburn 331  351
St. Mary's (KS) 250  350
Ottawa 251  351
McPherson 260  560
Sterling 160  160
Kansas Wesleyan 070  080
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kalamazoo $300  720
Albion 410  620
Hillsdale 220  530
Michigan State Normal 120  330
Olivet 130  251
Alma 140  261
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hamline $500  700
Carleton 310  610
St. Olaf 320  420
St. Thomas (MN) 220  420
Macalester 220  221
Concordia (MN) 020  231
Saint John's (MN) 020  140
Gustavus Adolphus 040  240
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Missouri Wesleyan +610  710
Kirksville +610  720
William Jewell +610  620
Missouri Mines 410  440
Central Methodist 320  520
Tarkio 330  360
Springfield (MO) 340  350
Warrensburg 230  251
Missouri Valley 122  223
Drury 141  251
Westminster (MO) 141  251
Maryville (MO) 140  260
Culver–Stockton 020  340
Cape Girardeau 020  132
Central Wesleyan 030  041
  • + Conference co-champions
1921 Nebraska Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Nebraska Wesleyan $500  830
Wayne Normal 500  620
Doane 421  531
Peru Normal 530  610
Kearney Normal 321  321
Hastings 332  432
York (NE) 340  350
Cotner 230  232
Midland 240  340
Grand Island 141  151
Chadron Normal 030  240
Nebraska Central 050  050
Championship: Nebraska Wesleyan 17, Wayne Normal 3
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Northwest Ohio League football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Bowling Green $300  311
Toledo     350
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Ohio Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Miami (OH) $700  800
St. Xavier 100  620
Oberlin 701  701
Case 612  622
Wooster 620  620
Denison 520  530
Akron 430  530
Ohio Northern 430  540
Ohio State 110  520
Wittenberg 332  432
Kenyon 114  115
Ohio 110  441
Otterbein 132  152
Western Reserve 251  271
Hiram 142  242
Ohio Wesleyan 161  161
Mount Union 051  161
Cincinnati 040  260
Heidelberg 070  071
  • $ Conference champion
1921 South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Dakota Wesleyan $300  620
Columbus (SD) 210  520
Huron 120  330
Yankton 120  340
South Dakota Mines 120  241
Northern Normal 120  140
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Southern California Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Whittier $500  520
Redlands 410  521
Occidental 221  241
Pomona 221  231
Caltech 140  251
Southern Branch 050  050
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Southwestern Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wiley $      
  • $ Conference champion
1921 Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Rice $300  441
Howard Payne 410  530
TCU 210  631
Simmons (TX) 320  640
Austin 320  540
Trinity (TX) 240  440
SMU 131  161
Daniel Baker 020  341
Southwestern (TX) 031  061
  • $ Conference champion

Awards and honors

All-Americans

The consensus All-America team included:

PositionNameHeightWeight (lbs.)ClassHometownTeam
QB Aubrey Devine 5'9"170Sr. Des Moines, Iowa Iowa
QB Bo McMillin 5'9"165Sr. Fort Worth, Texas Centre
HB Glenn Killinger 5'9"163Sr. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Penn State
HB Mal Aldrich 5'11"165Sr. Fall River, Massachusetts Yale
FB Eddie Kaw 5'10"168Jr. Houston, Texas Cornell
E Harold Muller 6'0"180Jr. Dunsmuir, California California
T Dan McMillan 6'1"225Sr. Los Angeles, California California
G Fiske Brown Sr. Plymouth, Massachusetts Harvard
G Stan Keck 5'11"206Sr. Greensburg, Pennsylvania Princeton
C Herb Stein 6'1"186Sr. Warren, Ohio Pittsburgh
G Frank Schwab 5'11"195Sr. Saltsburg, Pennsylvania Lafayette
G Iolas Huffman 5'11"228Sr. Chandlersville, Ohio Ohio State
E Eddie Anderson Sr. Mason City, Iowa Notre Dame

Statistical leaders

See also

Related Research Articles

The 1926 college football season was the first in which an attempt was made to recognize a national champion after the season.

The 1927 college football season ended with the Illini of the University of Illinois (7–0–1) being recognized as champion under the Dickinson System. At season's end, the Rissler Cup was awarded to the team that finished first in the "Dickinson ratings", which considered strength of schedule, in that a win, loss or tie against a "strong" opponent was worth more than one against a lesser team, and the results were averaged.

The 1928 football season have both the USC Trojans and the Georgia Tech Golden Tornado claim national championships. USC was recognized as champions under the Dickinson System, but the Rose Bowl was contested between the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, California and Georgia Tech. The game was decided by a safety scored after Roy "Wrong Way" Riegels ran 65 yards in the wrong direction. Vance Maree blocked the ensuing punt which gave Georgia Tech a safety deciding the 8–7 win.

The 1929 college football season saw a number of unbeaten and untied teams. Purdue, Tulane, Notre Dame and Pittsburgh all finished the regular season with wins over all their opponents. Notre Dame was recognized as national champion under the Dickinson System and by a United Press writer while Pitt was considered a national champion by several others due to Pitt possessing a greater scoring differential over the two teams' only common regular season opponent. Following the season, Pitt traveled to Pasadena to meet USC in the Rose Bowl, at that time the only postseason college football game and held between the perceived best teams of east and west. Despite Pitt's losing 47–14 to the Trojans, as bowls were still considered exhibitions by many, college football historian Parke H. Davis, whose national championship selections are recognized by the official NCAA records book, named the Panthers as that season's national champion while several other retroactive selectors recognized by the NCAA records book have selected Notre Dame. Both Notre Dame and Pitt claim a national championship for the 1929 season and both are recognized in the NCAA Records Book and by College Football Data Warehouse.

The 1931 college football season saw the USC Trojans win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Rockne, who had coached Notre Dame to a championship in 1930, had been killed in a plane crash on March 31, 1931. For the first time, the champion under the Dickinson system also played in a postseason game. The Rose Bowl, promoted as an unofficial championship matchup between the best teams of East and West, matched USC and Tulane, No. 1 and No. 2 in the Dickinson ratings. USC won, 21–12. Also for 1931, historian Parke Davis, through research, selected Pittsburgh and Purdue as National Champions and these selections, along with USC, are all recognized by the official NCAA records book. Both USC and Pitt claim national championships for 1931, and both are recognized by College Football Data Warehouse.

1932 college football season

The 1932 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Because the "Big Nine" conference didn't permit its teams to play in the postseason, however, the Wolverines were not able to accept a bid to the Rose Bowl. As such, the Pasadena game matched the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, USC and Pittsburgh, with the USC Trojans winning the East-West matchup 35–0.

The 1933 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines repeat as winners of the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System.

The 1934 college football season was the 66th season of college football in the United States. Two New Year's Day bowl games were initiated to rival the Rose Bowl Game. On February 15, Warren V. Miller and Joseph M. Cousins organized the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association and by October, the group had enough funds to sponsor the Sugar Bowl. Meanwhile, W. Keith Phillips and the Greater Miami Athletic Club worked in November at a January 1 game for Florida, and the Orange Bowl was created.

The 1935 college football season was the last one before the Associated Press writers' poll was used in selecting the national champion. The Williamson System, calculated by Paul O. Williamson out of New Orleans, deemed Texas Christian University (TCU) as the best in the nation. The Dickinson System, consisting of the calculations of University of Illinois Professor Frank Dickinson, crowned Southern Methodist University (SMU) as the best in the nation. A poll of newspaper writers, taken at year's end—by United Press rather than the AP—concluded that Minnesota was the best in the nation.

The 1936 college football season was the first in which the Associated Press writers' poll selected a national champion. The first AP poll, taken of 35 writers, was released on October 20, 1936. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. In the first poll, Minnesota received 32 first place votes, and 3 votes for an additional 25 points, for a total of 345 altogether.

1925 college football season

The 1925 college football season ended with no clear national champion. At the close of the season, noted sports writer Billy Evans described the championship contest as "a dead heat" among Dartmouth, Tulane, Michigan, Washington, and Alabama.

1924 college football season

The 1924 college football season was the year of the Four Horsemen as the Notre Dame team, coached by Knute Rockne, won all of its games, including the Rose Bowl, to be acclaimed as the best team in the nation. Notre Dame and Stanford were both unbeaten at season's end, with the Fighting Irish winning the Rose Bowl contest 27–10. The Penn Quakers were retroactively awarded a national championship by Parke H. Davis.

1923 college football season

The 1923 college football season saw several teams finish their seasons unbeaten and untied. As such, numerous schools claim a national championship for the 1923 season. Illinois and Michigan, both members of what is now the Big Ten Conference, finished with records of 8–0 and were selected as national champion by multiple selectors. Illinois featured break-out star Red Grange. Ivy League teams Yale and Cornell also had undefeated seasons.

1922 college football season

The 1922 college football season had a number of unbeaten and untied teams, and no clear-cut champion, with the Official NCAA Division I Football Records Book listing California, Cornell, Iowa, Princeton, and Vanderbilt as national champions. California, Cornell, and Princeton were all picked by multiple selectors.

The 1946 college football season finished with the Notre Dame Fighting Irish crowned as the national champion in the AP Poll, the Georgia Bulldogs recognized as national champion by the Williamson poll and United States Military Academy named as national champion in various other polls and rankings. The Delaware Fightin' Blue Hens were recognized by the AP as the small college national champion. Notre Dame and Army both won all of their games, with the exception of their November 9 meeting at New York's Yankee Stadium, where they had played to a 0–0 tie in a No. 1 vs No. 2 matchup regarded as a "Game of the Century". Neither team played in bowl game that season.

The 1939 college football season concluded with the Aggies of The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas being named as the national champions by the voters in the Associated Press writers' poll.

Washington & Jefferson Presidents football Collegiate level football team

The Washington & Jefferson Presidents football team represents Washington & Jefferson College in collegiate level football. The team competes in NCAA Division III and is affiliated with the Presidents' Athletic Conference (PAC). Since its founding in 1890, the team has played their home games at College Field, which was remodeled and renamed Cameron Stadium in 2001.

Lafayette Leopards football

The Lafayette Leopards football program represents Lafayette College in college football. One of the oldest college football programs in the United States, Lafayette currently plays in the Patriot League at the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision level. Fielding their first team in 1882, Lafayette has won three college football national championships, seven Patriot League championships, six undefeated seasons and four undefeated, untied seasons.

1909 college football season

The 1909 college football season was the first for the 3-point field goal, which had previously been worth 4 points. The season ran from Saturday, September 25, until Thanksgiving Day, November 25, although a few games were played on the week before.

1921 Washington & Jefferson Presidents football team American college football season

The 1921 Washington & Jefferson Presidents football team represented the Washington & Jefferson College during the 1921 college football season. Coached by Greasy Neale, went 10–0 in the regular season, defeating powerhouses Pitt, University of Detroit, and Syracuse. The 7–0 victory over rival Pitt was celebrated with a day of canceled classes and a bonfire with inspirational speeches in front of the Washington County Courthouse. As the best team from the east, W&J was invited to the 1922 Rose Bowl to play the best team from the west: the undefeated and heavily favored California Golden Bears. Some had even begun to call Cal the best team in college football history. The Red and Black sent 20 men on the cross-country trip and Robert M. Murphy mortgaged his home to pay his six family members’ way. W&J would be the last Rose Bowl team to play the same 11 men the entire game. During the train ride to Pasadena, in which Greasy Neale continued to prepare his men, Lee Spillers caught pneumonia and could not finish the journey. Luckily, Ross "Bucky" Buchannan, a reserve player who had stowed away on the train and was fed smuggled sandwiches during the trip, was available to fill Spillers' roster spot.

References

  1. Official 2013 Football Bowl Subdivision Records Book (PDF). The National Collegiate Athletic Association. pp. 76–77.
  2. Grantland Rice (December 3, 1921). "Where The West Got The Jump: In Addition To Developing Strong Defense and Good Running Game, Has Built Up Forward Pass" (PDF). American Golfer. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
  3. Sciullo Jr, Sam, ed. (1991). 1991 Pitt Football: University of Pittsburgh Football Media Guide. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Sports Information Office. p. 116.
  4. Campbell, Jim (August 2006). "The 1922 Rose Bowl: David v. Goliath" (PDF). College Football Historical Society Newsletter. LA84 Foundation . Retrieved February 28, 2010.[ permanent dead link ]
  5. "Washington and Jefferson College". Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved February 28, 2010.