1949 college football season

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The 1949 college football season finished with four teams that were unbeaten and untied-- Notre Dame, Oklahoma, California, and Army had won all their games at season's end. Notre Dame, however, was the overwhelming choice for national champion in the AP Poll, with 172 of 208 first place votes. [2] The Fighting Irish did not participate in the New Year's Day bowl games, which were played on January 2, 1950.

Contents

Conference and program changes

Conference changes

Membership changes

School1948 Conference1949 Conference
Detroit Titans Independent Missouri Valley
Louisville Cardinals Ohio Valley Independent
Marshall Thundering Herd Independent Ohio Valley
Tennessee Tech Golden Eagles Independent Ohio Valley

September

The Associated Press did not poll the writers until the third week of the season. Among the five teams that had been ranked highest in 1948, California opened play on September 17 with a 21–7 win over Santa Clara.

By September 24, most teams were in action. Defending champion Michigan beat visiting Michigan State, 7–3. Notre Dame beat Indiana 49–6. North Carolina beat N.C. State 26–6. California beat St. Mary's 29–7. The night before, Oklahoma had won at Boston College, 46–0.

October

On October 1 in Seattle, Notre Dame beat Washington 27–7. Oklahoma beat Texas A&M 33–13, North Carolina beat Georgia 21–14, and Michigan won at Stanford, 27–7. When the first poll was issued, Michigan had 34 of the 80 votes cast, followed by Notre Dame and Oklahoma. Tulane University, which had beaten Alabama 28–14 and Georgia Tech 18–0, placed fourth. Minnesota, which had victories over Washington (48–20) and at Nebraska (28–6) was fifth. North Carolina, which had been in the final top five in 1948, was at sixth place.

October 8 No. 1 Michigan was beaten at home by No. 7 Army. No. 2 Notre Dame won at Purdue 35–12. No. 3 Oklahoma beat Texas in Dallas, 20–14. No. 4 Tulane beat Southeastern Louisiana 40–0. No. 5 Minnesota beat Northwestern 21–7.

October 15 In South Bend, No. 1 Notre Dame beat No. 4 Tulane 46–7. No. 2 Army won at Harvard, 54–14. No. 3 Oklahoma beat Kansas 48–26. No. 9 California, which beat USC 16–10, was fifth in the next poll. No. 5 Minnesota stayed unbeaten with a win in Columbus over Ohio State, 27–0.

October 22 No. 1 Notre Dame was idle. No. 2 Army beat Columbia 63–6. No. 3 Minnesota lost at Michigan, 14–7. No. 4 Oklahoma won at Nebraska 48–0. No. 5 California beat Washington 21–7. No. 9 Rice won at Texas, 17–15, and was fifth in the next poll.

October 29 In Baltimore, No. 1 Notre Dame defeated Navy, 40–0. No. 2 Army (the United States Military Academy) defeated the VMI (the Virginia Military Institute) 40–14. No. 3 Oklahoma beat Iowa State 34–7. In Los Angeles, No. 4 California beat UCLA 35–21. No. 5 Rice beat Texas Tech 28–0 to extend its record to 5–1–0. No. 6 Michigan, which won at Illinois 13–0, returned to the Top Five with a 4–2–0 record.

November

November 5 No. 1 Notre Dame won at Michigan State, 34–21. No. 2 Army defeated No. 20 Fordham, 35–0. No. 3 Oklahoma won at Kansas State 39–0. No. 4 California beat Washington State 33–14. No. 5 Michigan beat Purdue 20–12. The top five stayed unchanged.

November 12 At Yankee Stadium, No. 1 Notre Dame beat North Carolina, 42–6. No. 2 Army had a scare in Philadelphia, edging Penn 14–13. No. 3 Oklahoma won at Missouri, 27–7. No. 4 California beat Oregon 41–14. No. 5 Michigan beat Indiana 20–7.

November 19 No. 1 Notre Dame defeated Iowa 28–7. No. 2 Oklahoma beat Santa Clara 28–21. No. 3 California defeated Stanford 33–14 to finish its season unbeaten. No. 4 Army was idle as it prepared for the Army–Navy Game. No. 5 Michigan was tied by No. 7 Ohio State, 7–7.

November 26 No. 1 Notre Dame defeated visiting USC, 32–0. No. 3 Oklahoma beat Oklahoma State 41–0. No. 4 Army returned to Philadelphia for the Army–Navy Game and defeated Navy 38–0. No. 2 California at 10–0–0, and No. 5 Ohio State, at 6–1–2, accepted bids to play in the Rose Bowl.

The final poll was released on November 28, although some colleges had not completed their schedules. On December 3, the national champs, No. 1 Notre Dame closed a perfect season in Dallas with a 27–20 win over Southern Methodist University (SMU).

Conference standings

Major conference standings

1949 Big Nine Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 6 Ohio State +411  712
No. 7 Michigan +411  621
No. 8 Minnesota 420  720
Wisconsin 321  531
Illinois 331  342
Iowa 330  450
Northwestern 340  450
Purdue 240  450
Indiana 060  180
  • + Conference co-champions
Rankings from AP Poll
1949 Big Seven Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 2 Oklahoma $500  1100
No. 20 Missouri 510  740
Iowa State 330  531
Nebraska 330  450
Kansas 240  550
Colorado 140  370
Kansas State 150  280
  • $ Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1949 Border Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Texas Tech $500  750
Arizona State 410  730
Texas Western 420  821
Hardin–Simmons 420  641
West Texas State 320  540
Arizona 240  271
New Mexico A&M 140  460
New Mexico 160  280
Arizona State–Flagstaff 030  161
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Middle Three Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Rutgers $200  630
Lafayette 110  260
Lehigh 020  630
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Missouri Valley Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Detroit $400  540
Drake 310  621
Oklahoma A&M 211  442
Wichita 231  361
Tulsa 121  551
Bradley 130  550
Saint Louis 031  260
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Pacific Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 3 California $700  1010
UCLA 520  630
Stanford 420  731
USC 420  531
Oregon State 530  730
Oregon 250  460
Washington 250  370
Washington State 260  360
Idaho 140  350
Montana 030  540
  • $ Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1949 Rocky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Colorado College $300  630
Colorado Mines 210  441
Western State 120  530
Colorado State–Greeley 030  080
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Skyline Six Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wyoming $500  910
Colorado A&M 410  910
Denver 220  460
Utah 230  271
Utah State 130  370
BYU 050  0110
  • $ Conference champion
1949 SEC football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Tulane $510  721
No. 11 Kentucky 410  930
No. 17 Tennessee 411  721
Georgia Tech 520  730
No. 9 LSU 420  830
Alabama 431  631
Vanderbilt 440  550
Auburn 242  243
Ole Miss 240  451
Florida 141  451
Georgia 141  461
Mississippi State 060  081
  • $ Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1949 Southern Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 16 North Carolina $500  740
No. 14 Maryland 400  910
Washington and Lee 311  351
Duke 420  630
William & Mary 420  640
VMI 321  351
The Citadel 220  450
Clemson 220  442
Furman 330  360
South Carolina 330  460
Wake Forest 330  460
George Washington 230  450
NC State 360  370
VPI 152  172
Richmond 260  370
Davidson 150  280
  • $ Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1949 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 5 Rice $600  1010
No. 20 Baylor 420  820
TCU 330  631
Texas 330  640
SMU 231  541
Arkansas 240  550
Texas A&M 051  181
  • $ Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll

Independents

1949 Eastern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 4 Army     900
Brown     810
No. 12 Cornell     810
No. 13 Villanova     810
Dartmouth     620
Buffalo     630
Pittsburgh     630
Princeton     630
Fordham     530
Tufts     531
Carnegie Tech     531
Penn State     540
Temple     540
Penn     440
Yale     440
Boston College     441
Syracuse     450
Drexel     331
Duquesne     360
Franklin & Marshall     252
NYU     360
Columbia     270
Colgate     180
Harvard     180
Rankings from AP Poll
1949 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 1 Notre Dame     1000
Ball State     800
Xavier     1010
Valparaiso     811
Washington University     720
Baldwin–Wallace     620
Wabash     521
Dayton     630
John Carroll     630
No. 19 Michigan State     630
Toledo     640
Youngstown     431
Bowling Green     450
Marquette     450
Central Michigan     340
Wayne     350
Indiana State     190
Michigan State Normal     080
Rankings from AP Poll
1949 Southern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Maryland State     800
Delaware     810
Western Maryland     710
Virginia     720
Louisville     830
Grambling     732
Miami (FL)     630
Sewanee     421
Chattanooga     540
Georgetown     550
West Virginia     461
Navy     351
Catholic University     151
Oklahoma City     280
Tampa       
1949 Western college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 10 Pacific (CA)     1100
No. 15 Santa Clara     821
San Francisco     730
Idaho State     621
Hawaii     630
La Verne     532
Loyola (CA)     640
Nevada     550
Pepperdine     450
Saint Mary's     361
Portland     250
Cal Poly San Dimas     280
Rankings from AP Poll

Minor conferences

ConferenceChampion(s)Record
California Collegiate Athletic Association San Jose State 4–0
Central Intercollegiate Athletics Association Morgan State College 7–0
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Pittsburg State
Washburn
5–1
College Conference of Illinois Augustana (IL)
Wheaton (IL)
5–0
Evergreen Conference Eastern Washington College
Puget Sound
5–1
Far Western Conference NBAC 4–0
Gulf Coast Conference Hardin College (Midwestern)3–0
Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Simpson 6–0
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference Baker 5–1
Lone Star Conference East Texas State Teachers 3–0
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Hillsdale 5–0
Mid-American Conference Cincinnati 4–0
Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference Lawrence 6–0
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Saint Thomas (MN) 6–0
Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association Missouri School of Mines 5–0
Nebraska College Conference Wayne State (NE) 8–0
New Mexico Intercollegiate Conference Sul Ross State College 5–0
North Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Iowa State Teachers (Northern Iowa)
South Dakota State
5–1
North Dakota College Athletic Conference Valley City State 5–0
Ohio Athletic Conference Muskingum 7–0
Ohio Valley Conference Evansville 3–1–1
Oklahoma Collegiate Athletic Conference Central State College (OK) 5–0
Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference Bloomsburg State Teachers
California State Teachers
6–0
Pacific Northwest Conference College of Idaho
Lewis & Clark
Boxer (OR)
4–1
Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference Colorado College 3–0
South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference Southern State Teachers (USD–Springfield)5–0–1
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Whittier 4–0
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Florida A&M College 6–0
Southwestern Athletic Conference Langston
Southern
6–0–1
State Teacher's College Conference of Minnesota Mankato State Teachers 3–1
Texas Collegiate Athletic Conference McMurry (TX) 4–0–1
Wisconsin State Teachers College Conference La Crosse State Teachers
Stevens Point State Teachers
Stout State Teachers
6–1
5–1
4–2

Minor conference standings

1949 Badger-Illini Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Lewis $600  900
Milton 610  620
Concordia (IL) 510  610
Mission House 420  430
Northwestern (WI) 340  340
Wisconsin Tech 230  240
Aurora 250  250
St. Procopius 061  061
Wisconsin–Extension 061  061
  • $ Conference champion
1949 California Collegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
San Jose State $400  940
San Diego State 310  630
Cal Poly 130  460
Fresno State 130  380
Santa Barbara 130  270
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Central Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Pittsburg State +510  821
Washburn +510  720
Emporia State 420  640
Fort Hays State 420  540
St. Benedict's 240  450
Southwestern (KS) 150  270
Rockhurst 060  190
  • + Conference co-champions
1949 College Conference of Illinois football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wheaton (IL) +500  820
Augustana (IL) +500  620
Lake Forest 320  350
Illinois Wesleyan 220  450
Millikin 221  251
North Central (IL) 231  341
Illinois College 121  431
Carthage 141  261
Elmhurst 060  080
  • + Conference co-champions
1949 Dixie Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Florida State $400  910
Howard (AL) 200  450
Stetson 220  451
Mississippi College 220  450
Tampa 020  080
Millsaps 040  250
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Evergreen Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Puget Sound +510  710
Eastern Washington +510  720
Western Washington 321  ???
Pacific Lutheran 231  252
Whitworth 240  540
Central Washington 240  360
Saint Martin's 150  ???
  • + Conference co-champions
1949 Far Western Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Cal Aggies $400  540
Southern Oregon 211  521
San Francisco State 121  341
Chico State 121  261
Humboldt State 031  081
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Gulf Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hardin $300  1010
North Texas State 210  840
Houston 120  541
Trinity (TX) 030  651
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Gulf States Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Louisiana Tech $500  720
Mississippi Southern 210  730
Southwestern Louisiana 320  630
Southeastern Louisiana 121  451
Louisiana College 022  ???
Northwestern State 041  441
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Hoosier Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hanover $600  800
Anderson (IN) 510  620
Taylor 212  432
Indiana Central 340  440
Franklin (IN) 231  341
Canterbury 231  251
Earlham 230  360
Rose Poly 131  431
Manchester (IN) 051  161
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Western Illinois $400  910
Northern Illinois State 211  721
Eastern Illinois 220  350
Illinois State 121  621
Southern Illinois 040  270
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Simpson $600  810
Dubuque 410  620
Central (IA) 310  441
Upper Iowa 320  630
Wartburg 430  540
Westmar 110  440
Parsons 240  350
Buena Vista 130  441
Luther 130  251
Iowa Wesleyan 140  360
William Penn 040  160
1949 Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Baker $510  720
Ottawa 420  540
Bethany (KS) 420  540
Kansas Wesleyan 330  360
College of Emporia 330  450
Bethel (KS) 240  350
McPherson 060  180
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Lone Star Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
East Texas State $300  531
Stephen F. Austin 210  720
Southwest Texas State 120  361
Sam Houston State 030  370
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hillsdale $500  910
Hope 410  710
Alma 221  521
Adrian 221  431
Kalamazoo 140  260
Albion 050  261
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Mid-American Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Cincinnati $400  740
Miami (OH) 310  540
Ohio 220  441
Western Michigan 230  440
Western Reserve 131  451
Butler 030  260
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Mid-Ohio League football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Findlay $400  530
Ashland 310  640
Cedarville 220  361
Defiance 130  270
Bluffton 040  080
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
St. Thomas (MN) $600  620
Gustavus Adolphus 510  810
Saint John's (MN) 420  620
Hamline 330  430
Macalester 231  341
Concordia (MN) 230  450
St. Olaf 240  540
Augsburg 131  232
Saint Mary's (MN) 060  070
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Missouri College Athletic Union football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Missouri Valley $300  830
Central Methodist 210  810
William Jewell 120  370
Culver–Stockton 030  360
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Missouri Mines $500  620
NW Missouri State 311  611
SW Missouri State 311  531
Central Missouri State 230  350
Kirksville State 140  270
SE Missouri State 050  270
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Nebraska College Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wayne State (NE) $800  900
Chadron State 620  730
Doane 520  540
Kearney State 331  531
Hastings 331  431
Nebraska Wesleyan 440  450
Peru State 250  450
York (NE) 060  270
Midland 060  170
  • $ Conference champion
1949 New Mexico Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Sul Ross $500  730
Adams State 311  531
Eastern New Mexico 421  641
New Mexico Western 430  630
New Mexico Military 340  450
Panhandle A&M 340  460
New Mexico Highlands 240  450
St. Michael's (NM) 060  190
  • $ Conference champion
1949 North Central Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Iowa State Teachers +510  520
South Dakota State +510  730
Morningside 321  731
North Dakota 321  431
South Dakota 222  252
Augustana (SD) 150  260
North Dakota State 060  090
  • + Conference co-champions
1949 North State Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Western Carolina $400  830
Appalachian State 620  830
Elon 520  820
Catawba 420  550
Lenoir–Rhyne 530  730
Guilford 231  451
East Carolina 141  451
Atlantic Christian 052  172
High Point 060  090
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Ohio Valley Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Marshall 400  640
Louisville 300  830
Evansville $311  721
Morehead State 330  630
Eastern Kentucky 221  441
Western Kentucky 230  540
Murray State 160  171
Tennessee Tech 030  360
  • $ Conference champion
  • Evansville declared champion because Marshall and Louisville did not play required games in 1949
1949 Oklahoma Collegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Central State (OK) $500  720
SE Oklahoma State 410  730
East Central 230  550
NW Oklahoma State 230  440
SW Oklahoma State 140  370
Northeastern State 140  271
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Smoky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Emory and Henry $400  1110
East Tennessee State 310  540
Milligan 121  352
Carson–Newman 130  271
Tusculum 031  251
  • $ Conference champion
1949 South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Southern State $501  701
Huron 410  621
Black Hills 310  541
Dakota Wesleyan 221  332
South Dakota Mines 112  232
Yankton 230  260
Sioux Falls 140  170
General Beadle 150  270
Northern State 022  152
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Southern California Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Whittier $400  810
Pomona 310  620
Redlands 220  431
Occidental 130  440
Caltech 040  061
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Southwestern Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 2 Southern +601  1001
No. 9 Langston +601  811
No. 13 Prairie View A&M 520  830
No. 28 Bishop 430  531
Texas College 241  262
Arkansas AM&N 142  542
Samuel Huston 160  170
Wiley 061  091
  • $ Conference champion
Rankings from the Pittsburgh Courier using the Dickinson Ratings System. [3]
1949 Texas Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
McMurry $401  821
Texas A&I 320  820
Howard Payne 320  650
Austin 320  550
Abilene Christian 140  360
Southwestern (TX) 041  372
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Volunteer State Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Middle Tennessee $200  801
Austin Peay 100  820
Milligan 010  352
Union (TN) 020  181
  • $ Conference champion
1949 Yankee Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Vermont 200  620
Connecticut +201  441
Maine +201  241
UMass 110  350
New Hampshire 130  440
Rhode Island State 040  080
  • + Conference co-champions

Rankings

Bowl games

Bowl gameWinning teamLosing team
Rose Bowl No. 6 Ohio State 17No. 3 California 14
Sugar Bowl No. 2 Oklahoma 35No. 9 LSU 0
Orange Bowl No. 15 Santa Clara 21No. 11 Kentucky 13
Cotton Bowl No. 5 Rice 27No. 16 North Carolina 13
Sun Bowl Texas Western 33 Georgetown 20
Gator Bowl No. 14 Maryland 20No. 20 Missouri 7
Tangerine Bowl State Vincent 7 Emory and Henry 6
Raisin Bowl San Jose State 20 Texas Tech 13
Salad Bowl Xavier 33 Arizona State 21
Shrine Bowl Southern Illinois 41 Indiana State 14

See also

Related Research Articles

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During the 20th century, the NCAA had no playoff for the major college football teams in the University Division, later known as Division I-A. The NCAA did recognize a national champion based upon the final results of "wire service" polls. The "writers' poll" by Associated Press (AP) was the most popular, followed by the "coaches' poll" by United Press International) (UPI). Prior to 1965, both services issued their final polls at the close of the regular season, but before teams competed in bowl games. For the 1965 season, the AP took its final poll after the postseason games, an arrangement made permanent in 1968. The Associated Press presented the "AP Trophy" to the winner.

The 1958 NCAA University Division football season was notable in that it was the first to feature the two-point conversion. On January 13, 1958, the eleven-man NCAA Rules Committee unanimously approved a resolution to allow teams to choose between kicking an extra point after a touchdown, or running or passing from the three-yard line for two points. University of Michigan athletic director Fritz Crisler said at the meeting in Fort Lauderdale, "It's a progressive step which will make football more interesting for the spectators," adding that the rule "will add drama to what has been the dullest, most stupid play in the game."

The 1973 NCAA Division I football season was the first for the NCAA's current three-division structure. Effective with the 1973–74 academic year, schools formerly in the NCAA "University Division" were classified as Division I. Schools in the former "College Division" were classified into Division II, which allowed fewer athletic scholarships than Division I, and Division III, in which athletic scholarships were prohibited.

The 1929 college football season saw a number of unbeaten and untied teams. Purdue, Tulane, Notre Dame and Pittsburgh all finished the regular season with wins over all their opponents. Notre Dame was recognized as national champion under the Dickinson System and by a United Press writer while Pitt was considered a national champion by several others due to Pitt possessing a greater scoring differential over the two teams' only common regular season opponent. Following the season, Pitt traveled to Pasadena to meet USC in the Rose Bowl, at that time the only postseason college football game and held between the perceived best teams of east and west. Despite Pitt's losing 47–14 to the Trojans, as bowls were still considered exhibitions by many, college football historian Parke H. Davis, whose national championship selections are recognized by the official NCAA records book, named the Panthers as that season's national champion while several other retroactive selectors recognized by the NCAA records book have selected Notre Dame. Both Notre Dame and Pitt claim a national championship for the 1929 season and both are recognized in the NCAA Records Book and by College Football Data Warehouse.

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1925 college football season

The 1925 college football season ended with no clear national champion. At the close of the season, noted sports writer Billy Evans described the championship contest as "a dead heat" among Dartmouth, Tulane, Michigan, Washington, and Alabama.

1923 college football season

The 1923 college football season saw several teams finish their seasons unbeaten and untied. As such, numerous schools claim a national championship for the 1923 season. Illinois and Michigan, both members of what is now the Big Ten Conference, finished with records of 8–0 and were selected as national champion by multiple selectors. Illinois featured break-out star Red Grange. Ivy League teams Yale and Cornell also had undefeated seasons.

The 1955 college football season saw the Oklahoma Sooners win the national championship after going 10–0–0. Although the final poll was taken before the postseason bowl games, Oklahoma played against the nation's other unbeaten and untied (10–0–0) team, the Maryland Terrapins, at the Orange Bowl in Miami, and won 20–6.

The 1954 college football season saw three teams finish unbeaten and untied, with Ohio State Buckeyes and the UCLA Bruins sharing the national championship as the No. 1 picks of the AP Poll and the UPI Poll, respectively. Although the winners of the Big Ten and the Pacific conferences normally met in the Rose Bowl, a "no repeat" prevented the two champions from meeting. UCLA, which had been in the Rose Bowl earlier in the year, was replaced by conference runner-up USC.

The 1953 college football season finished with the Maryland Terrapins capturing the AP, INS, and UPI national championship after Notre Dame held the top spot for the first nine weeks. The No. 4 Oklahoma Sooners defeated Maryland in the Orange Bowl, but there was no further polling after the November 30 results were released. However, Notre Dame was selected as the National Champions by 10 other polls and the Oklahoma Sooners received first in two polls. However, despite the team receiving National Championship rings, the University of Notre Dame does not recognize this title due to their policy of only recognizing AP or coaches' poll titles during the polling era (1936–present). Maryland was also the first champion of the Atlantic Coast Conference, which had been formed earlier in 1953 by seven colleges formerly with the Southern Conference. The year 1953 also saw the Michigan State Spartans, previously an independent, join the Big Nine Conference, which then became the Big Ten; MSU won the conference title in that first year and was the conference representative to the Rose Bowl, which it won 28–20 over UCLA.

The 1952 college football season ended with the unbeaten Michigan State Spartans (9–0) and Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets (12–0) each claiming a national championship from different polls. Michigan State finished first according to two of the "wire service" polls, which both placed Georgia Tech second. Georgia Tech was first in the International News Service poll. UP and INS merged in 1958 to form UPI. Although the Spartans became members of the Big Ten Conference in 1950, full participation did not come until 1953, and under the terms of their entry into the conference, they were not allowed to participate in postseason play. Georgia Tech won the Sugar Bowl on New Year's Day in New Orleans.

The 1948 college football season finished with two unbeaten and untied teams; Michigan and Clemson. Michigan was the first place choice for the majority voters in the AP Poll, but didn't play in the postseason because of a no-repeat rule for Big Nine schools. Notre Dame, second in the AP Poll, tied USC 14–14 at the end of the regular season, but did not participate in any bowl per university policy at the time. Northwestern beat California 20–14 in the Rose Bowl, and Clemson defeated Missouri by a point in the Gator Bowl.

The 1947 college football season finished with Notre Dame, Michigan and Penn State all unbeaten and untied, but the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame were the first place choice for 107 of the 142 voters in the AP Poll, and repeated as national champions. Michigan went on to meet USC in the Rose Bowl and won 49–0, while Penn State was tied 13–13 by SMU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and Notre Dame didn't participate in the postseason. An unofficial post bowl AP poll was conducted with Michigan and Notre Dame as the only options and Michigan won by a vote of 226 to 119.

The 1946 college football season finished with the Notre Dame Fighting Irish crowned as the national champion in the AP Poll, the Georgia Bulldogs recognized as national champion by the Williamson poll and United States Military Academy named as national champion in various other polls and rankings. The Delaware Fightin' Blue Hens were recognized by the AP as the small college national champion. Notre Dame and Army both won all of their games, with the exception of their November 9 meeting at New York's Yankee Stadium, where they had played to a 0–0 tie in a No. 1 vs No. 2 matchup regarded as a "Game of the Century". Neither team played in bowl game that season.

The 1938 college football season ended with the Horned Frogs of Texas Christian University (TCU) being named the nation's No. 1 team by 55 of the 77 voters in the final Associated Press writers' poll in early December. Tennessee is also recognized as a national champion; both teams won every game.

The 1939 college football season concluded with the Aggies of The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas being named as the national champions by the voters in the Associated Press writers' poll.

The 1940 college football season ended with the Gophers of the University of Minnesota being named the nation's No. 1 team and national champion by the AP Poll, and the Stanford University Indians in second, with the two teams receiving 65 and 44 first place votes respectively. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. Minnesota, Stanford, Boston College, and Florida State all claim 1940 as a national championship season.

The 1941 college football regular season was the 73rd season of intercollegiate football in the United States. Competition included schools from the Big Ten Conference, the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), the Southeastern Conference (SEC), the Big Six Conference, the Southern Conference, the Southwestern Conference, and numerous smaller conferences and independent programs.

The 1945 college football season finished with the undefeated United States Military Academy, more popularly known as "Army", being the unanimous choice for the nation's number one team by the 116 voters in the Associated Press writers' poll. The runner up was the undefeated Alabama Crimson Tide, followed by the United States Naval Academy, more popularly known as "Navy". In 2016, the American Football Coaches Association retroactively named the Oklahoma A&M Cowboys national champion for 1945.

References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2009-01-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "1949 Final Football Polls - College Poll Archive - Historical College Football and Basketball Polls and Rankings".
  3. "Southern, West Va. Lose on Final Ballot". The Pittsburgh Courier. December 10, 1949. p. 22 via Newspapers.com.