1924 college football season

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The 1924 college football season was the year of the Four Horsemen as the Notre Dame team, coached by Knute Rockne, won all of its games, including the Rose Bowl, to be acclaimed as the best team in the nation. Notre Dame and Stanford were both unbeaten at season's end, with the Fighting Irish winning the Rose Bowl contest 27–10. The Penn Quakers were retroactively awarded a national championship by Parke H. Davis. [1]

Contents

Red Grange's Illinois team upset Michigan. The Illini were upset by Minnesota, which in turn was upset by Vanderbilt. Fred Russell's Fifty Years of Vanderbilt Football dubs 1924 "the most eventful season in the history of Vanderbilt football." Centre claimed a southern title in its last season of national relevance, upsetting Wallace Wade's first SoCon champion Alabama team. Alabama would not lose another game until 1927. [2] [3]

Conference and program changes

Conference changes

Membership changes

School1923 Conference1924 Conference
Ball Teachers Hoosieroons Program establishedIndependent
College of Charleston Cougars IndependentDropped Program
Georgia Normal Eagles Program establishedIndependent
Montana Grizzlies Independent PCC
Sewanee Tigers SIAA Southern
Vanderbilt Commodores SIAA/Southern Southern
VMI Keydets Independent Southern

September

September 27 California with a 13–7 win over Santa Clara. Dartmouth beat Norwich College 40–0. Southern Methodist University (SMU) beat North Texas 7–0, and Alabama opened with a 55–0 win over Union College of Tennessee.

October

October 4 Missouri opened its season with a 3–0 win at Chicago, the Maroons' only loss of the season. Notre Dame opened its season with a 40–0 win over Lombard College. Stanford beat Occidental College 20–6, and California beat St. Mary's 17–7. Army beat St. Louis 17–0, Yale beat North Carolina 27–0, and Dartmouth beat Montreal's McGill University 52–0. Alabama won at Furman 20–0. SMU beat Trinity College 14–3

October 11 Notre Dame beat Wabash 34–0. Stanford beat the Olympic Club 7–0 and California defeated Pomona College, 28–0. Army beat Detroit's Mercy College, 20–0 and Dartmouth beat Vermont 38–0. In a battle of Bulldogs, Yale beat Georgia 7–6. Missouri defeated Missouri Wesleyan College 14–0 (MWC was closed in 1930). Chicago beat visiting Brown, 19–7. Alabama beat Mississippi College 51–0. In a Friday game, SMU beat Austin College 7–0

October 18 At the Polo Grounds in New York, Notre Dame beat Army 13–7, the Cadets' only loss for the season. In his column the next day, sportswriter Grantland Rice dubbed the Notre Dame backfield (Harry Stuhldreher, Don Miller, Jim Crowley, and Elmer Layden) in his column of October 20, writing "Outlined against a blue-gray October sky, the Four Horsemen rode again. In dramatic lore they are known as famine, pestilence, destruction and death. These are only aliases. Their real names are: Stuhldreher, Miller, Crowley and Layden. They formed the crest of the South Bend cyclone before which another fighting Army team was swept over the precipice at the Polo Grounds this afternoon as 55,000 spectators peered down upon the bewildering panorama spread out upon the green plain below."

In other games, Yale and Dartmouth played to a 14–14 tie. Stanford defeated Oregon 28–13, while California beat the Olympic Club 9–3. In Birmingham, Alabama beat Sewanee 14–0. SMU beat Texas 10–6. Missouri won at Iowa State 7–0, and Chicago defeated Indiana 23–0.

October 25 Notre Dame beat Princeton 12–0. In Columbus, Chicago and Ohio State played to a 3–3 tie. At Portland, Oregon, Stanford had a more difficult time than expected in defeating Idaho, 3–0, while California beat Washington State 20–7. Army beat Boston University 20–0, Dartmouth beat Harvard 6–0, and Yale defeated Brown 13–3. At Atlanta, Alabama recorded another shutout, beating Georgia Tech 14–0. SMU and Texas A & M played to a 7–7 tie in Dallas. Missouri beat Kansas State 14–7.

November

November 1 California and USC, both unbeaten and untied with records of 5–0–0, met at Berkeley, with California handing the Trojans their first defeat, 7–0. Notre Dame beat visiting Georgia Tech 34–3 Stanford beat Santa Clara 20–0 and California beat visiting USC 7–0 Army and Yale played to a 7–7 tie. Dartmouth defeated Brown 10–3. SMU stayed unbeaten with a 6–0 win at TCU. Missouri suffered its first defeat, a 14–6 loss at Nebraska. Chicago beat Purdue 19–6.

Alabama registered its 8th shutout in a 61–0 win over Ole Miss at Montgomery. To that point, the Crimson Tide had outscored its opposition 215–0.

November 8 Notre Dame won at Wisconsin 38–3 In a game at Berkeley, Stanford beat Utah 30–0, while in Seattle, California was tied by Washington. Army beat visiting Florida 14–7, Dartmouth beat Boston University 38–0, and Yale beat Maryland 47–0 SMU was tied at Arkansas 14–14. Alabama gave up its first points in a 42–7 win over visiting Kentucky. Missouri won at Oklahoma 10–0. Chicago and Illinois played to a 21–21 tie.

November 15 Notre Dame beat Nebraska 34–6 Stanford beat Montana 41–3 and California beat Nevada 27–0 Army and Columbia played to a 14–14 tie, and Yale beat Princeton 10–0. In New York, Dartmouth closed its season unbeaten with a 27–14 win over Cornell. Alabama was defeated by Centre College, 17–0, in a game at Birmingham. SMU and Baylor played to a 7–7 tie in Dallas. Missouri beat Washington University (of St. Louis) 35–0. Chicago beat Northwestern 3–0.

November 22 In Chicago, Notre Dame beat Northwestern 13–6 Stanford (7–0–0) and California (7–0–1) were both unbeaten going into the final game of the season, played at Berkeley. The teams played to a 20–20 tie, with Stanford getting the bid to the Rose Bowl; California hosted a postseason game against Penn for New Year's Day Yale closed its season unbeaten with a 19–6 win over Harvard. Chicago and Wisconsin played to a scoreless tie.

On Thanksgiving Day, November 27 Alabama beat Georgia 33–0 in Birmingham. Missouri beat Kansas 14–0, and received an invitation to play USC at the Los Angeles Christmas Festival (where it would lose, 20–7)

Notre Dame closed its season in Pittsburgh on Friday, November 28, with a 40–19 win over Carnegie Tech. In the Army–Navy Game, held in Baltimore, Army won 12–0 On November 29 SMU and Oklahoma State played to a 13–13 tie, giving the Mustangs a season record of 5 wins, no losses and four ties.

Rose Bowl

Notre Dame had the Four Horsemen; Stanford had Ernie Nevers. Neither team had lost a game in 1924 and they met in Pasadena before a crowd of 52,000. The Stanford Indians took a 3–0 lead in the first quarter after Murray Cuddeback's field goal. In the second quarter, Elmer Layden ran for one touchdown, then scored another after picking off an Ernie Nevers pass and returning the interception to give the Irish a 13–3 lead at halftime. Stanford closed the gap to 13–10 in the third quarter with a pass from Ed Walker to Ted Shipkey, but lineman Ed Hunsinger scooped up a fumble from an attempted Stanford punt return to give Notre Dame its third touchdown. In the last quarter, Stanford was stopped eight inches from the goal line. Layden picked off another Nevers pass and returned it 70 yards for the final score, with Notre Dame winning 27–10. [4]

Other bowls

Conference standings

Major conference standings

1924 Big Ten Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Chicago $303  413
Illinois 311  611
Iowa 311  611
Michigan 420  620
Purdue 220  520
Minnesota 121  332
Ohio State 132  233
Indiana 130  440
Northwestern 130  440
Wisconsin 022  233
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Missouri Valley football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Missouri $510  720
Nebraska 310  530
Drake 311  521
Grinnell 210  330
Iowa State 320  431
Oklahoma 231  251
Kansas 241  251
Kansas State 141  341
Washington University 010  440
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Pacific Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Stanford $301  711
California 202  802
Washington 311  811
Idaho 420  521
USC 210  920
Oregon 221  423
Oregon Agricultural 140  350
Washington State 041  152
Montana 030  440
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Rocky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Colorado $501  811
Montana State 211  511
Colorado Agricultural 420  420
Colorado College 430  530
Utah Agricultural 321  421
Denver 322  422
Utah 221  341
Colorado Mines 341  441
Wyoming 260  260
BYU 131  231
Colorado Teachers 040  250
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Southern Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Alabama $500  810
Florida 201  622
Georgia 510  730
Tulane 410  810
Washington and Lee 411  631
South Carolina 320  730
Sewanee *320  640
Mississippi A&M 320  540
Virginia 320  540
Georgia Tech 321  531
Vanderbilt *330  631
VPI 223  423
VMI 231  631
Kentucky 230  450
North Carolina 230  450
Auburn 241  441
Maryland 121  333
NC State 141  242
LSU 030  540
Ole Miss 030  450
Clemson 030  260
Tennessee 040  350
  • $ Conference champion
  • * – co-member of SIAA
1924 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Centre +100  511
Oglethorpe +500  631
Mississippi College 201  251
Newberry 410  820
Mercer 411  532
Sewanee*210  640
The Citadel 420  640
Louisville 210  341
Millsaps 110  351
Georgetown (KY) 110  140
Transylvania 120  620
Furman 120  550
Wofford 240  370
Howard (AL) 130  351
Presbyterian 130  161
Vanderbilt*010  631
Louisiana College 010  010
Western Kentucky 020  460
Erskine 040  070
Chattanooga 050  171
  • + Conference co-champions
  • * co-member of SoCon
1924 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Baylor $401  721
SMU 204  504
Rice 220  440
Texas A&M 221  721
Oklahoma A&M 111  612
Texas 230  531
Arkansas 121  721
TCU 150  450
  • $ Conference champion

Independents

1924 Eastern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Dartmouth     701
Yale     602
Penn     911
Rutgers     711
Bucknell     820
Lafayette     720
Holy Cross     711
Army     512
Syracuse     821
Fordham     620
Lehigh     413
Boston College     630
Penn State     631
Princeton     421
Columbia     531
Pittsburgh     531
NYU     431
Brown     540
Carnegie Tech     540
Colgate     540
Cornell     440
Harvard     440
Tufts     342
Franklin & Marshall     351
Villanova     251
Drexel     270
Vermont     270
Temple     140
1924 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Notre Dame     1000
Central Michigan     710
Western State (MI)     511
John Carroll     720
Haskell     721
Loyola (IL)     520
Marquette     520
Dayton     730
Saint Louis     630
Michigan Agricultural     530
Wabash     540
Butler     450
Detroit     450
Muncie Normal     130
Kent State     040
1924 Southern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Quantico Marines     701
Centenary     810
Tennessee Docs     810
West Virginia     810
Davidson     711
West Virginia Wesleyan     920
Wake Forest     720
George Washington     631
William & Mary     521
Delaware     431
Texas Mines     321
Mississippi Teachers     332
Georgetown     440
Marshall     440
Duke     450
East Tennessee     341
Loyola (LA)     342
Louisville     351
Southwestern     360
Richmond     261
Navy     260
Catholic University     152
Tulsa     161
Middle Tennessee     170
Delaware State     010
Erskine     070
1924 Western college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hawaii     800
Saint Mary's     810
La Verne     711
New Mexico A&M     730
Tempe Normal     611
Pacific (CA)     630
Gonzaga     502
New Mexico     510
Cal Aggies     541
Nevada     341
Santa Clara     351
Arizona     240
Santa Barbara     251
Humboldt State     100

Minor conferences

ConferenceChampion(s)Record
California Coast Conference Chico State Teachers 2–0
Central Intercollegiate Athletics Association Lincoln (PA) 7–0–1
Inter-Normal Athletic Conference of Wisconsin River Falls Normal 4–0
Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Simpson 7–0–1
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference Kansas State Normal–Pittsburg 5–0–1
Louisiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association Southwestern Louisiana 3–0
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Hillsdale 5–0
Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference Cornell College
Knox
Lawrence
3–0–1
3–0
1–0
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Carleton 4–0
Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association Northeast Missouri State Teachers 2–0–2
Nebraska Intercollegiate Conference Nebraska State Teachers–Peru 6–0
North Central Intercollegiate Conference South Dakota State College 5–0
Ohio Athletic Conference Oberlin 8–0
Oklahoma Intercollegiate Conference Central State Teachers
South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference Columbus College6–0
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Pomona 5–0
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Tuskegee
Southwestern Athletic Conference Paul Quinn 3–0
Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association Howard Payne 5–0
Tri-Normal League State Normal–Bellingham 2–0

Minor conference standings

1924 California Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Chico State $200  720
Fresno State 300  720
Modesto JC 210  341
San Mateo JC 110     
Bakersfield JC 120  232
San Jose State 010  140
Sacramento JC 010     
Cal Poly 030  150
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Lincoln (PA) $501  701
Virginia Union 312  413
Hampton 331  431
Virginia Normal 123  533
Virginia Seminary 230  440
Shaw 121  122
Howard 111  213
Saint Paul's (VA) 041  442
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Lombard +500  540
Knox (IL) +400  710
Bradley 710  810
Eastern Illinois 520  620
McKendree *420  440
Millikin 420  440
Monmouth (IL) 531  541
Shurtleff 320  330
Wheaton (IL) 320  430
Western Illinois 330  430
Illinois College 440  540
Illinois Wesleyan 440  440
Eureka 341  341
Carthage 231  341
Mount Morris 230  550
Illinois State 242  242
Southern Illinois 120  620
St. Viator120  152
Northern Illinois State 130  440
Augustana (IL) 270  270
Lake Forest 140  160
Lincoln (IL) 151  251
Blackburn 040  170
  • $ Conference champion
  • * – McKendree finished the season 5–0–1 in conference play, but forfeited a tie with Illinois College and a win over Eastern Illinois.
    † – St. Viator finished the season 2–1 in conference play, but forfeited a win over Illinois Wesleyan.
1924 Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Pittsburg Teachers $501  701
College of Emporia 610  610
Sterling 621  621
Fairmount 521  621
Kansas Wesleyan 530  530
Bethany (KS) 432  432
Emporia Teachers 332  342
Southwestern (KS) 222  422
Friends 341  341
Hays Teachers 340  340
McPherson 351  351
Baker 350  450
St. Mary's (KS) 240  340
Ottawa 261  261
Bethel (KS) 140  140
Washburn 160  270
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hillsdale $500  611
Albion 410  630
Alma 320  350
Michigan State Normal 230  251
Olivet 140  260
Kalamazoo 050  260
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Cornell (IA) +301  601
Knox (IL) +300  710
Lawrence +101  411
Coe 220  341
Ripon 111  232
Carleton 120  520
Beloit 131  331
Millikin 010  440
Monmouth (IL) 010  541
Hamline 020  150
  • + Conference co-champions
1924 Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Carleton $400  520
St. Thomas (MN) 300  520
St. Olaf 320  421
Gustavus Adolphus 221  241
Concordia (MN) 120  231
Macalester 122  132
Hamline 130  150
Saint John's (MN) 041  141
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Missouri College Athletic Union football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Westminster (MO) $700  900
Missouri Wesleyan 510  620
William Jewell 321  431
Missouri Mines 110  360
Missouri Valley 231  331
Drury 230  340
Culver–Stockton 130  440
Tarkio 040  260
Central Methodist 040  080
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
NW Missouri State +310  611
Kirksville State +202  621
Central Missouri State 211  441
SE Missouri State 130  332
SW Missouri State 031  422
  • + Conference co-champions
1924 Nebraska College Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Peru Normal $600  800
Hastings 401  512
Chadron Normal 510  810
Grand Island 510  511
Midland 311  332
York (NE) 530  630
Kearney Normal 341  341
Cotner 240  350
Doane 161  161
Wayne Normal 160  161
Omaha 030  060
Nebraska Central 060  060
  • $ Conference champion
1924 New England Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Connecticut $400  602
New Hampshire 210  720
Maine 120  431
Massachusetts 010  611
Rhode Island State 030  070
  • $ Conference champion
1924 North Central Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
South Dakota State $500  710
South Dakota 410  620
Creighton 310  612
North Dakota Agricultural 330  530
Nebraska Wesleyan 120  242
Des Moines 130  260
Morningside 140  250
North Dakota 140  330
St. Thomas (MN) 010  520
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Northwest Ohio League football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Toledo     530
Bowling Green 220  340
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Ohio Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Oberlin $800  800
Wittenberg 610  710
Ohio Wesleyan 410  720
Case 621  621
Wooster 521  622
Akron 320  530
Western Reserve 322  522
Heidelberg 322  332
Mount Union 431  541
Ohio Northern 331  431
St. Xavier 111  251
Kenyon 341  441
Denison 340  341
Ohio 240  440
Otterbein 250  250
Muskingum 250  260
Cincinnati 140  261
Baldwin–Wallace 140  170
Miami (OH) 150  260
Hiram 070  170
  • $ Conference champion
1924 South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Columbus (SD) $600  620
Augustana (SD) 610  620
South Dakota Mines 510  620
Yankton 510  521
Dakota Wesleyan 310  440
Northern Normal 330  430
Eastern Normal 240  250
Sioux Falls 150  150
Spearfish 040  160
Southern Normal 050  261
Huron 060  060
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Southern California Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Pomona $500  520
Occidental 410  440
Whittier 320  430
Redlands 131  152
Caltech 140  360
Southern Branch 041  053
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Southwestern Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Paul Quinn $302  603
Prairie View State 311  511
Wiley 230  440
Bishop  ? ? ?   ? ? ?
Samuel Huston  ? ? ?   ? ? ?
Texas College  ? ? ?   ? ? ?
  • $ Conference champion
1924 Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Howard Payne $500  720
North Texas State Teachers 411  531
Southwest Texas State 420  530
Rice 210  440
Southwestern (TX) 320  450
Austin 221  731
West Texas State 220  540
Daniel Baker 241  361
Trinity (TX) 242  272
Simmons (TX) 240  260
Abilene Christian 130  342
East Texas State 130  351
Sam Houston State 131  251
  • $ Conference champion

Awards and honors

All-Americans

The consensus All-America team included:

PositionNameHeightWeight (lbs.)ClassHometownTeam
QB Harry Stuhldreher 5'7"151Sr. Massillon, Ohio Notre Dame
HB Red Grange 5'11"175Jr. Wheaton, Illinois Illinois
HB Jim Crowley 5'11"162Sr. Green Bay, Wisconsin Notre Dame
FB Elmer Layden 6'0"162Sr. Davenport, Iowa Notre Dame
E Jim Lawson 5'11"190Sr. Long Beach, California Stanford
E Hek Wakefield 5'10"180Sr. Petersburg, Tennessee Vanderbilt
T Ed Weir 6'0"190Jr. Superior, Nebraska Nebraska
G Carl Diehl 6'1"205Jr. Chicago, Illinois Dartmouth
C Edwin C. Horrell 6'2"185Sr. Pasadena, California California
G Joe Pondelik Sr. Chicago
T Ed McGinley 5'11"185Sr. Swarthmore, Pennsylvania Penn
E Richard Luman Sr. Pinedale, Wyoming Yale

Statistical leaders

Related Research Articles

The 1926 college football season was the first in which an attempt was made to recognize a national champion after the season.

The 1927 college football season ended with the Illini of the University of Illinois (7–0–1) being recognized as champion under the Dickinson System. At season's end, the Rissler Cup was awarded to the team that finished first in the "Dickinson ratings", which considered strength of schedule, in that a win, loss or tie against a "strong" opponent was worth more than one against a lesser team, and the results were averaged.

The 1928 football season have both the USC Trojans and the Georgia Tech Golden Tornado claim national championships. USC was recognized as champions under the Dickinson System, but the Rose Bowl was contested between the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, California and Georgia Tech. The game was decided by a safety scored after Roy "Wrong Way" Riegels ran 65 yards in the wrong direction. Vance Maree blocked the ensuing punt which gave Georgia Tech a safety deciding the 8–7 win.

The 1929 college football season saw a number of unbeaten and untied teams. Purdue, Tulane, Notre Dame and Pittsburgh all finished the regular season with wins over all their opponents. Notre Dame was recognized as national champion under the Dickinson System and by a United Press writer while Pitt was considered a national champion by several others due to Pitt possessing a greater scoring differential over the two teams' only common regular season opponent. Following the season, Pitt traveled to Pasadena to meet USC in the Rose Bowl, at that time the only postseason college football game and held between the perceived best teams of east and west. Despite Pitt's losing 47–14 to the Trojans, as bowls were still considered exhibitions by many, college football historian Parke H. Davis, whose national championship selections are recognized by the official NCAA records book, named the Panthers as that season's national champion while several other retroactive selectors recognized by the NCAA records book have selected Notre Dame. Both Notre Dame and Pitt claim a national championship for the 1929 season and both are recognized in the NCAA Records Book and by College Football Data Warehouse.

The 1930 college football season saw Notre Dame repeat as national champion under the Dickinson System, and a post-season Rose Bowl matchup between two unbeaten (9–0) teams, Washington State and Alabama, ranked No. 2 and No. 3, respectively. Alabama won the Pasadena contest, 24–0.

The 1931 college football season saw the USC Trojans win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Rockne, who had coached Notre Dame to a championship in 1930, had been killed in a plane crash on March 31, 1931. For the first time, the champion under the Dickinson system also played in a postseason game. The Rose Bowl, promoted as an unofficial championship matchup between the best teams of East and West, matched USC and Tulane, No. 1 and No. 2 in the Dickinson ratings. USC won, 21–12. Also for 1931, historian Parke Davis, through research, selected Pittsburgh and Purdue as National Champions and these selections, along with USC, are all recognized by the official NCAA records book. Both USC and Pitt claim national championships for 1931, and both are recognized by College Football Data Warehouse.

1932 college football season

The 1932 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Because the "Big Nine" conference didn't permit its teams to play in the postseason, however, the Wolverines were not able to accept a bid to the Rose Bowl. As such, the Pasadena game matched the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, USC and Pittsburgh, with the USC Trojans winning the East-West matchup 35–0.

The 1933 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines repeat as winners of the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System.

The 1935 college football season was the last one before the Associated Press writers' poll was used in selecting the national champion. The Williamson System, calculated by Paul O. Williamson out of New Orleans, deemed Texas Christian University (TCU) as the best in the nation. The Dickinson System, consisting of the calculations of University of Illinois Professor Frank Dickinson, crowned Southern Methodist University (SMU) as the best in the nation. A poll of newspaper writers, taken at year's end—by United Press rather than the AP—concluded that Minnesota was the best in the nation.

1925 college football season

The 1925 college football season ended with no clear national champion. At the close of the season, noted sports writer Billy Evans described the championship contest as "a dead heat" among Dartmouth, Tulane, Michigan, Washington, and Alabama.

1923 college football season

The 1923 college football season saw several teams finish their seasons unbeaten and untied. As such, numerous schools claim a national championship for the 1923 season. Illinois and Michigan, both members of what is now the Big Ten Conference, finished with records of 8–0 and were selected as national champion by multiple selectors. Illinois featured break-out star Red Grange. Ivy League teams Yale and Cornell also had undefeated seasons.

The 1951 college football season finished with seven unbeaten major college teams, of which five were unbeaten and untied. Ultimately, the Tennessee Volunteers were voted the best team by the Associated Press, followed by the Michigan State Spartans, with the Vols having a plurality of first place votes. Tennessee lost in the Sugar Bowl to the equally undefeated and untied No. 3 Maryland Terrapins, but the postseason games were not taken into account by the major polls. Tennessee, Michigan State, and Illinois all claim national championships for 1951.

The 1949 college football season finished with four teams that were unbeaten and untied-- Notre Dame, Oklahoma, California, and Army had won all their games at season's end. Notre Dame, however, was the overwhelming choice for national champion in the AP Poll, with 172 of 208 first place votes. The Fighting Irish did not participate in the New Year's Day bowl games, which were played on January 2, 1950.

The 1948 college football season finished with two unbeaten and untied teams; Michigan and Clemson. Michigan was the first place choice for the majority voters in the AP Poll, but didn't play in the postseason because of a no-repeat rule for Big Nine schools. Notre Dame, second in the AP Poll, tied USC 14–14 at the end of the regular season, but did not participate in any bowl per university policy at the time. Northwestern beat California 20–14 in the Rose Bowl, and Clemson defeated Missouri by a point in the Gator Bowl.

The 1937 college football season ended with the Panthers of the University of Pittsburgh being named the nation's No. 1 team by 30 of the 33 voters in the Associated Press writers' poll. The AP poll was in its second year, and seven votes were taken during the final weeks of the 1937 season, starting with October 18. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. With 33 writers polled, Pitt received 30 first place votes and 3 second-place, for a total of 327 points.

The 1938 college football season ended with the Horned Frogs of Texas Christian University (TCU) being named the nation's No. 1 team by 55 of the 77 voters in the final Associated Press writers' poll in early December. Tennessee is also recognized as a national champion; both teams won every game.

The 1939 college football season concluded with the Aggies of The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas being named as the national champions by the voters in the Associated Press writers' poll.

The 1940 college football season ended with the Gophers of the University of Minnesota being named the nation's No. 1 team and national champion by the AP Poll, and the Stanford University Indians in second, with the two teams receiving 65 and 44 first place votes respectively. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. Minnesota, Stanford, Boston College, and Tennessee all claim 1940 as a national championship season.

The 1943 college football season concluded with the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame crowned as the nation's No. 1 team by a majority of the voters in the AP Poll, followed by the Iowa Pre-Flight Seahawks as the runner-up. For the third time in the history of the AP Poll, a team that had lost a game was named mythical national champion;. Notre Dame lost its final game of the season, a Chicago contest against the Great Lakes Naval Training Center. Along the way, however, the Fighting Irish had played one of the toughest college schedules ever, beating two No. 2 ranked teams and two No. 3 ranked teams. Purdue University would seemingly have a claim on the 1943 Championship as well as the only undefeated team playing a full schedule, but the Purdue athletic department has never pursued the claim.

1909 college football season

The 1909 college football season was the first for the 3-point field goal, which had previously been worth 4 points. The season ran from Saturday, September 25, until Thanksgiving Day, November 25, although a few games were played on the week before.

References

  1. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) (2015). "National Poll Rankings" (PDF). NCAA Division I Football Records. NCAA. p. 108. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  2. 1924 Centre College football scores Archived 2000-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Alabama football scores
  4. "Four Horsemen Win Thriller 27 to 10," Lincoln State Journal, January 2, 1925, p10
  5. "Benkert, Rutgers Star, Holds Lead in Scoring Race", Reading Times, December 1, 1924. Accessed January 17, 2018. "He was unablr, however, to overtake Heinie Benkert, and the Rutgers backfield marvel leads the final list with an even 100, the only player to reach the three-figure class."