1934 college football season

Last updated

The 1934 college football season was the 66th season of college football in the United States. Two New Year's Day bowl games were initiated to rival the Rose Bowl Game. On February 15, Warren V. Miller and Joseph M. Cousins organized the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association and by October, the group had enough funds to sponsor the Sugar Bowl. Meanwhile, W. Keith Phillips and the Greater Miami Athletic Club worked in November at a January 1 game for Florida, and the Orange Bowl was created.

Contents

Once again, a Big Ten team was selected by Professor Dickinson (of the University of Illinois) as the national champion, with the undefeated Minnesota Golden Gophers being accorded the honor. The conference, however, still had a bar against its members playing in the postseason, so Minnesota did not play in any of the bowl games. The undefeated and eventual Rose Bowl champion Alabama Crimson Tide was selected national champions by Dunkel, Williamson and Football Thesaurus.

Conference and program changes

School1933 conference1934 conference
Butler Bulldogs Missouri Valley Indiana
Loyola (MD) Greyhounds Independentdropped program

September

September 22 Stanford opened with a 48–0 win over San Jose State, while in Houston, Rice opened with a 12–0 win over Loyola College of New Orleans.

September 29 Minnesota beat North Dakota State 56–12 and Illinois beat Bradley 40–7. Alabama beat Samford 24–0, and Tulane beat UT-Chattanooga 41–0. Rice and LSU played to a 9–9 tie while Stanford and Santa Clara tied 7–7. Navy defeated William & Mary 20–7 while Pittsburgh beat Washington & Jefferson 26–6.

October

October 3 On a Wednesday game Minnesota beat Nebraska 20–0. Illinois beat Washington University (at St. Louis) 12–7, and on Friday, Alabama beat Sewanee 35–6 in Montgomery.

October 6 Navy beat Virginia 21–6 in a game in Washington, DC. In New Orleans, Tulane beat Auburn 13–0. At Portland, Stanford beat Oregon State 17–0. Columbia opened its season in New York with a 12–6 win over Yale, and Colgate beat St. Lawrence 32–0. Pittsburgh won at West Virginia 27–6. Ohio State beat Indiana 33–0. Rice won at Purdue 14–0.

October 13 Illinois beat Ohio State 14–13. Stanford beat visiting Northwestern 20–0. Pittsburgh defeated visiting USC 20–6. Alabama defeated Mississippi State 41–0, Rice defeated SMU 9–0, and Tulane won at Florida 28–12. Navy defeated Maryland 16–13, Colgate beat St. Bonaventure 62–0 and Columbia beat VMI 29–6.

October 20 Minnesota won at Pittsburgh, 13–7. Ohio State defeated visiting Colgate 10–7. Navy beat Columbia 18–7. Alabama and Tennessee, both 3–0–0, met in Birmingham, with Bama winning 13–6. Tulane edged visiting Georgia 7–6. In Omaha, Rice beat Creighton University 47–13. Stanford beat USF at San Francisco, 3–0.

October 27 Alabama beat Georgia 26–6 at Birmingham, while in New Orleans, Tulane beat Georgia Tech 20–12. Rice stayed unbeaten with a 20–9 win over visiting Texas. Minnesota won at Iowa 48–12, . Illinois won at Michigan 7–6, and Ohio State won at Northwestern 28–6. Stanford registered its fourth shutout, a 16–0 win over USC. Navy won at Penn, Colgate won at Holy Cross 20–7 and Columbia beat visiting Penn State 14–7. Pittsburgh beat host school Westminster College of Pennsylvania, 30–0

November

November 3 Pitt (4–1–0) and Notre Dame (3–0–0) met in Pittsburgh, with the Panthers winning 19–0. Minnesota beat Michigan 34–0. In Cleveland, Ohio State won at Western Reserve 76–0. Illinois beat Army 7–0. Alabama won at Kentucky 34–14. Rice beat Texas A&I 27–0. Tulane beat Ole Miss 15–0. In Los Angeles, Stanford beat UCLA 27–0. Columbia defeated Cornell 14–0 and Navy beat Washington & Lee 26–0.

November 10 At Yankee Stadium, Tulane (6–0–0) faced Colgate (3–1–0), with the Red Raiders handing the Green Wave their first loss, 20–6. In a meeting of unbeaten teams, Stanford (7–0–1) hosted Washington (4–0–0) and had a sixth straight shutout 24–0. Over in Cleveland, Navy beat Notre Dame 10–6. Pittsburgh won at Nebraska 25–6. Minnesota beat Indiana 30–0, Illinois won at Northwestern 14–3, and Ohio State beat Chicago 33–0 Alabama beat Clemson 40–0 and Rice won at Arkansas 7–0. Columbia beat Brown 39–0

November 17 Navy (7–0–0) hosted Pittsburgh (6–1–0) and lost 31–7

Minnesota beat Chicago 35–7 and Ohio State defeated Michigan 34–0. Previously unbeaten (6–0–0) Illinois was upset at Madison when it faced a (3–3–0) Wisconsin Badgers team, falling 7–3. Alabama defeated Georgia Tech 40–0, while Tulane won at Kentucky 20–7. Stanford beat the Olympic Club team 40–0, and had a record of 192–7 against its opponents to that time. Colgate won at Syracuse 13–2 and Columbia edged Penn 13–12. Rice beat Texas A&M 25–6. Yale's 11 "Iron Men" (they played the entire game with no substitutions) upset Princeton 7–0 at Princeton. [1]

November 24 Minnesota won at Wisconsin 34–0, Ohio State beat Iowa 40–7, and Illinois won at Chicago 7–1. Stanford clinched a trip to the Rose Bowl with a 9–7 win at California. Colgate beat Rutgers 14–0. Tulane beat Sewanee 32–0. Columbia (7–1–0) beat Syracuse (6–1–0) in a Sunday game 12–0. In Houston, previously unbeaten (8–0–1) Rice hosted (6–3–0) Texas Christian (TCU) and was upset, 7–2.

On Thanksgiving Day, November 29, Alabama beat Vanderbilt in Birmingham, 34–0, and was invited soon after to meet Stanford at the Rose Bowl. Pittsburgh beat crosstown rival Carnegie Tech, 20–0, and Kansas State beat Nebraska 19–7 to clinch the Big Six Conference championship.

December

December 1 In Louisiana, Tulane (8–1–0) and LSU (6–0–2) faced each other in Baton Rouge. Both teams were likely hosts for the first Sugar Bowl in New Orleans, and Tulane edged the Tigers 13–12 to become the host team, where it would face 7–0–2 Temple University. Rice ended at 9–1–1 with a 32–0 win at Baylor. Colgate closed its season with a 20–13 win in Providence against Brown. At the Army–Navy Game, held in Philadelphia, Navy (7–1–0) beat Army (7–2–0) on a field goal, 3–0.

Conference standings

Eastern

1934 Middle Three Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Rutgers $200  531
Lehigh 110  440
Lafayette 020  260
  • $ Conference champion
1934 New England Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
New Hampshire $100  342
Rhode Island State 210  630
Connecticut State 010  170
Maine 020  430
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Eastern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Tufts     800
Trinity (CT)     700
La Salle     701
Franklin & Marshall     810
Pittsburgh     810
Colgate     710
Columbia     710
Princeton     710
Duquesne     820
Holy Cross     820
Temple     712
Syracuse     620
Bucknell     722
Army     730
Northeastern     611
Rochester     520
Dartmouth     630
Saint Anselm     630
Amherst     530
Fordham     530
Yale     530
Massachusetts State     531
CCNY     430
Providence     430
Drexel     431
Boston College     540
Bates     331
Middlebury     331
Penn     440
Penn State     440
Williams     440
Carnegie Tech     450
Washington & Jefferson     450
Villanova     342
NYU     341
Boston University     340
Colby     340
Springfield (MA)     233
Manhattan     351
Harvard     350
Vermont     242
Wesleyan     350
Brown     360
Geneva     252
Saint Joseph's     251
Cornell     250
Lafayette     260
Norwich     260
Bowdoin     061
Lowell Textile     071

Midwestern

1934 Big Six Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kansas State $500  721
Nebraska 410  630
Oklahoma 221  342
Kansas 122  343
Iowa State 131  531
Missouri 050  081
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Big Ten Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 1 Minnesota $500  800
No. 8 Ohio State 510  710
No. 4 Illinois 410  710
Purdue 310  530
Wisconsin 230  440
Northwestern 230  350
Chicago 240  440
Indiana 131  332
Iowa 131  251
Michigan 060  170
  • $ Conference champion
Rankings from Dickinson System
1934 Buckeye Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Cincinnati $301  621
Ohio Wesleyan 310  720
Miami (OH) 220  540
Ohio 121  441
Marshall 040  360
  • + Conference co-champions
1934 Central Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Fort Hays State $410  621
Emporia Teachers 320  720
Pittsburg State 320  630
Washburn 230  261
Wichita 230  531
Southwestern (KS) 140  550
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Augustana (IL) +600  900
Millikin +501  701
Southern Illinois 510  530
Illinois College 510  610
Northern Illinois State 412  512
Illinois Wesleyan 312  423
Western Illinois 420  530
Bradley 320  530
North Central 320  520
Elmhurst 220  421
Monmouth (IL) 220  621
Illinois State Normal 232  242
McKendree 140  450
Eastern Illinois 140  340
Carthage 140  260
Eureka 032  032
St. Viator 030  260
Wheaton (IL) 041  151
Knox (IL) 050  080
Lake Forest 040  341
  • + Conference co-champions
1934 Indiana Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Butler $601  611
DePauw 610  710
Hanover 410  720
Valparaiso 410  620
Wabash 412  422
Earlham 220  340
Indiana State 330  350
Evansville 341  341
Franklin (IN) 350  350
Manchester 120  620
Ball State 260  260
Central Normal 140  250
Rose Poly 150  260
Oakland City 050  070
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kansas Wesleyan +410  540
Baker +410  441
McPherson 311  621
College of Emporia 221  251
Ottawa 140  161
Bethany (KS) 050  180
  • + Conference co-champions
1934 Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kalamazoo +211  331
Hope +211  321
Alma 112  142
Albion 121  341
Hillsdale 121  251
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Monmouth (IL) $401  711
Coe 301  512
Carleton 310  610
Lawrence 220  431
Beloit 221  331
Cornell (IA) 140  270
Ripon 021  052
Knox (IL) 040  080
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Concordia (MN) $400  711
St. Thomas (MN) 410  621
Hamline 310  320
Saint John's (MN) 211  511
St. Olaf 211  322
Saint Mary's (MN) 221  432
Macalester 131  151
Gustavus Adolphus 040  041
Augsburg 050  050
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Missouri College Athletic Union football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Central Methodist $301  612
William Jewell 310  431
Tarkio 121  341
Culver–Stockton 130  350
Missouri Valley 130  172
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kirksville State $400  800
SE Missouri State 310  810
NW Missouri State 220  450
SW Missouri State 130  151
Central Missouri State 040  441
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Missouri Valley Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Washington University $100  730
Creighton 210  270
Oklahoma A&M 110  451
Drake 220  361
Grinnell 020  270
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Nebraska College Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Nebraska Wesleyan $400  621
Hastings 310  720
Midland 220  340
Doane 130  350
York (NE) 040  550
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Nebraska Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Omaha $301  412
Chadron State 310  620
Peru State 220  530
Wayne State (NE) 121  242
Kearney State 040  170
  • $ Conference champion
1934 North Central Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
North Dakota $310  710
North Dakota Agricultural 211  532
Morningside 211  431
South Dakota State 220  640
South Dakota 040  270
  • $ Conference champion
1934 North Dakota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Jamestown $500  630
Wahpeton 310  430
Dickinson State 221  331
Valley City State 221  221
Mayville State 140   ? ? ?
Ellendale Teachers 040   ? ? ?
Minot State 210  520
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Northern Teachers Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Duluth State $310  610
St. Cloud State 320  340
Moorhead State *220  421
Mankato State 220  241
Winona State 220  250
Bemidji State 140  350
  • $ Conference champion
  • * – forfeited victories over Duluth State and Winona State because of ineligible player
1934 Ohio Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wooster $800  810
Baldwin–Wallace 500  710
Ohio Northern 401  601
Toledo 410  530
Xavier 210  621
Muskingum 421  531
Mount Union 430  440
John Carroll 112  522
Dayton 001  431
Case 221  432
Kent State 233  233
Akron 340  341
Bowling Green 232  232
Marietta 122  232
Oberlin 121  251
Heidelberg 240  350
Otterbein 240  270
Capital 250  250
Hiram 250  250
Ashland 141  261
Kenyon 051  071
Findlay 010  330
  • $ Conference champion
1934 South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Huron +500  500
Spearfish +400  710
Augustana (SD) +400  620
Sioux Falls 520  620
Yankton 330  440
South Dakota Mines 220  240
Southern Normal 131  132
Northern State 150  260
Eastern Normal 040  140
Dakota Wesleyan 061  071
  • + Conference co-champions
  • South Dakota Mines and Spearfish played twice. The second game was not counted in the conference stnadings.
1934 Tri-State Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Aurora +310  522
Wartburg +310  330
Northwestern (WI) 211  231
Mission House 112  132
Wisconsin Mines 131  131
Milton 140  240
  • + Conference co-champions
1934 Wisconsin State Teachers College Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Northern Division
La Crosse State x301  512
River Falls State 310  530
Superior State 112  233
Eau Claire State 121  521
Stout State 040  060
Southern Division
Stevens Point State x400  710
Milwaukee State 310  341
Whitewater State 220  340
Oshkosh State 130  331
Platteville State 040  140
  • x Division champion/co-champions
1934 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Michigan State     810
Wayne     710
Western State (MI)     710
Michigan State Normal     520
Notre Dame     630
Central State (MI)     530
Detroit     531
DePaul     430
Saint Louis     332
Marquette     450
Haskell     361
Missouri Mines     260
Wittenberg     270

Southern

1934 Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Morgan $403  503
Bluefield State 701  801
North Carolina A&T 710  710
Virginia Union 422  422
Virginia State 431  441
Hampton 350  350
North Carolina College 440  440
Saint Paul's (VA) 350  350
St. Augustine's 121  321
Howard 312  422
Shaw 160  161
Johnson C. Smith 121  121
Lincoln (PA) 050  160
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Dixie Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Birmingham–Southern $500  900
Chattanooga 301  332
Millsaps 211  712
Mississippi College 220  540
Centre 110  550
Southwestern (TN) 131  361
Howard (AL) 010  342
Mercer 021  361
Spring Hill 040  450
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Lone Star Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
East Texas State $400  800
North Texas State 220  541
Sam Houston State 220  432
Stephen F. Austin 121  332
Southwest Texas State 031  271
  • $ Conference champion
1934 North State Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Elon $301  621
Catawba 202  523
Appalachian State *100  341
Lenoir–Rhyne 211  541
Guilford 130  270
Western Carolina 050  370
  • $ Conference champion
  • * – Appalachian State was ineligible for championship because of limited conference schedule.
1934 Oklahoma Collegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Central State (OK) $500  720
Northeastern State 320  450
Southwestern Oklahoma State 320  521
East Central 131  252
Southeastern Oklahoma State 131  261
Northwestern Oklahoma State 140  540
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Smoky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Milligan $311  621
Tusculum 321  521
Cumberland (TN) 110  730
King 221  531
Carson–Newman 222  432
East Tennessee State Teachers 221  332
Maryville 230  460
Appalachian State 020  350
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Southeastern Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Tulane +800  1010
Alabama +700  1000
Tennessee 510  820
LSU 420  722
Georgia 320  730
Vanderbilt 430  630
Florida 221  631
Ole Miss 231  451
Kentucky 130  550
Auburn 160  280
Sewanee 040  270
Mississippi State 050  460
Georgia Tech 060  190
  • + Conference co-champions
1934 Southern Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Washington and Lee $400  730
North Carolina 201  711
Duke 310  720
Maryland 310  730
Clemson 210  540
South Carolina 320  540
VPI 330  550
NC State 131  261
Virginia 140  360
VMI 050  180
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Furman $400  540
Union (KY) 401  502
Millsaps 402  712
Centenary 300  1020
Rollins 300  530
Centre 410  550
Western Kentucky 411  431
Loyola (LA) 310  450
The Citadel 310  351
Murray State 520  630
Miami (FL) 211  531
Mississippi College 420  540
Howard (AL) 211  342
Louisiana Normal 320  440
Presbyterian 321  352
Transylvania 330  350
Mississippi State Teachers 221  342
Georgetown (KY) 221  261
Southwestern (TN) 111  361
SW Louisiana 230  450
Louisville 230  250
Wofford 231  441
Louisiana College 240  341
Middle Tennessee 130  270
Mercer 140  361
Newberry 140  470
Tennessee Tech 140  361
Eastern Kentucky 150  160
Stetson 021  141
Morehead State 040  240
Erskine 040  180
Louisiana Tech 050  460
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Rice $510  911
Texas 411  721
SMU 321  822
TCU 330  840
Arkansas 231  442
Texas A&M 141  272
Baylor 150  370
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Southwestern Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Texas College $401  901
Langston 310  710
Southern 110  430
Prairie View 230  540
Wiley 121  541
Samuel Huston 040   ? ? ?
Bishop 000  601
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Southern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Western Maryland     801
Navy     810
Texas A&I     511
Tulsa     521
George Washington     631
West Virginia     640
Delaware     431
Georgetown     431
Texas Mines     440
Catholic University     341
William & Mary Norfolk Division     351
South Georgia Teachers     460
East Carolina     141
Oklahoma City     180
1934 Texas Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Howard Payne $501  901
St. Edward's 212  242
Daniel Baker 212  353
McMurry 213  333
Hardin–Simmons 221  352
Austin 242  352
Southwestern (TX) 241  352
Trinity (TX) 131  261
Abilene Christian 131  172
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Virginia Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Richmond +210  810
William & Mary +210  260
Emory and Henry 120  820
Roanoke 120  550
  • + Conference co-champions

Western

1934 Border Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Texas Tech $100  721
New Mexico 310  810
Arizona 211  721
Arizona State 221  431
New Mexico A&M 013  413
Arizona State–Flagstaff 031  151
  • $ Conference champion
  • Reference [2]
1934 Far Western Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Fresno State +301  721
San Jose State +203  334
Chico State 211  431
Pacific (CA) 220  450
Cal Aggies 022  053
Nevada 041  171
  • + Conference co-champions
1934 Pacific Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Stanford $500  911
Washington State 401  431
Washington 511  611
Oregon 420  640
California 320  660
UCLA 230  730
USC 141  461
Idaho 140  350
Oregon State 052  362
Montana 041  251
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Pacific Northwest Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Willamette +500  810
College of Idaho +400  810
Pacific (OR) 311  423
Puget Sound 221  351
Linfield 230  530
Whitman 050  160
Albany College (OR) 050  090
  • + Conference co-champions
1934 Rocky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Colorado Teachers +610  610
Colorado +610  612
Colorado Agricultural +611  621
Utah State 511  511
Utah 420  530
Denver 440  551
BYU 340  450
Wyoming 240  350
Colorado College 160  170
Colorado Mines 160  160
Western State (CO) 030  250
Montana State 040  250
  • + Conference co-champions
1934 Southern California Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Whittier $500  721
San Diego State 211  351
Occidental 220  351
Redlands 230  341
La Verne 121  431
Santa Barbara State 040  251
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Western college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hawaii     600
Gonzaga     821
Saint Mary's     720
Loyola (CA)     721
Santa Clara     721
Cal Poly     620
San Francisco     331
San Francisco State     331
Pomona     251
Humboldt State     130
Columbia (OR)     161

Minor conference champions

ConferenceChampion(s)Record
Central Intercollegiate Athletics Association Morgan College 5–0–3
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Kansas State Teachers–Hays 4–1–0
Far Western Conference Fresno State Normal
San Jose State Teachers
3–0
Indiana Intercollegiate Conference Butler 6–0
Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Simpson 3–2–1
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference Baker
Kansas Wesleyan
4–1
Lone Star Conference East Texas State Teachers 4–0
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Hope
Kalamazoo
2–1–1
Michigan-Ontario Collegiate Conference Adrian
Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference Coe
Monmouth (IL)
3–0–1
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Concordia–Moorhead 4–0
Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association Northeast Missouri State Teachers 4–0
Nebraska College Athletic Conference Nebraska Wesleyan 4–0
Nebraska Intercollegiate Athletic Association Omaha University 4–0
North Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference North Dakota 3–0
North Dakota College Athletic Conference Jamestown College 5–0
Northern Teachers Athletic Conference Moorhead State Teachers 4–0
Ohio Athletic Conference College of Wooster 8–0
Oklahoma Collegiate Athletic Conference Central State Teachers (OK) 5–0
Pacific Northwest Conference Willamette 5–0
Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference Indiana State Teachers 6–0
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Whittier 5–0
South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference Augustana (SD) 3–1
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Morris Brown
Southwestern Athletic Conference Texas College 4–0–1
Texas Collegiate Athletic Conference Howard Payne 5–0–1
Tri-Normal League State Normal–Cheney 2–0
Wisconsin State Teachers College Conference North: La Crosse State Teachers
South: Stevens Point State Teachers
3–0–1
4–0

AP Poll and the Dickinson rankings

The first ever published AP Poll came in 1934. [3] However, this was a one time event and the AP sportswriters' poll would not be continuously until 1936. [4] Frank G. Dickinson, an economics professor at the University of Illinois, had invented the Dickinson System to rank colleges based upon their records and the strength of their opposition. The Rissman Trophy, and later the Rockne Memorial Trophy, was awarded to the winning university. [5]

In an AP story with the caption "Figure This Out!", the system was explained: "For each victory of a first division team over another first division team, the winner gets 30 points and the loser 15 points. For each tie between two first division teams, each team gets 22.5 points. For each victory of a first division team over a second division team, the first division winner gets 20 points and the second division loser 10 points. For each tie between two second division teams, each gets 15 points. For each tie between a first division team and a second division team, the first division team gets 15 points and the second division team gets 20 points. Then, after each team has been given its quota of points its final "score" is tabulated by taking an average on the number of games played." [6]

Final Dickinson rankings

Minnesota (8–0) and Alabama (9–0) were both unbeaten and untied, and ranked first and sixth, respectively, in the Dickinson ratings. [7]

RankTeamRecordRating
1 Minnesota 8–023.51
2 Pittsburgh 8–123.19
3 Navy 8–123.00
4 Illinois 7–122.01
5 Rice 9–1–121.97
6 Alabama 9–021.70
7 Columbia 7–121.67
8 (t) Colgate 7–121.06
8 (t) Ohio State 7–1–121.06
10 Stanford 9–0–120.34
11 Tulane 9–120.03

Bowl games

Bowl gameWinning teamLosing team
Rose Bowl No. 6 Alabama 29No. 10 Stanford 13
Sugar Bowl No. 11 Tulane 20 Temple 14
Orange Bowl Bucknell 26 Miami (FL) 0
Sun Bowl Dagger-14-plain.pngEl Paso All-Stars25Ranger (Texas)21
Dagger-14-plain.png played with non-collegiate teams

Rankings from the Dickinson System

In the first Sugar Bowl game, Tulane (9–1) hosted unbeaten Temple (7–0–2) before a crowd of 30,000 in New Orleans. Temple took a 14–0 lead before Tulane came back to win the game, 20–14. [8] Temple had closed its season with a scoreless tie against Bucknell, which finished at 6–2–2, and the Bison were invited to play the Miami Hurricanes in the first Orange Bowl. The 'Canes best days were still ahead of them, and they made only three first downs altogether. Although 15,000 were expected, only 5,000 turned out to watch Bucknell beat Miami, 26–0. [9]

The big game remained the Rose Bowl with Stanford, at 9–0–1, and Alabama, at 9–0. With both teams unbeaten, a crowd of 85,000 turned out in Pasadena to watch them. Stanford led 7–0 in the first quarter, but Alabama scored 22 points in the second, with the help of quarterback Dixie Howell and future Pro Football Hall of Fame Don Hutson, with Alabama winning, 29–14. [10] The Sun Bowl was given a test drive with non-collegiate teams, as the El Paso All-Stars beating the visiting Ranger Bulldogs, 25–21, before a crowd of 3,000 in El Paso. In Honolulu, the Hawaii team beat vacationing California, 14–0, and in Houston, Tuskegee beat Prairie View, 15–6, in a New Year's Day game for negro colleges [11]

Awards and honors

All-Americans

The consensus 1934 College Football All-America Team included:

PositionNameHeightWeight (lbs.)ClassHometownTeam
Quarterback Bobby Grayson 5'11"195Jr. Portland Oregon Stanford
Halfback Dixie Howell 5'11"164Sr. Hartford, Alabama Alabama
Halfback Buzz Borries 6'0"175Sr. Louisville, Kentucky Navy
Fullback Pug Lund 5'11"185Sr. Rice Lake, Wisconsin Minnesota
End Don Hutson 6'1"183Sr. Pine Bluff, Arkansas Alabama
Tackle Bill Lee 6'2"231Sr. Eutaw, Alabama Alabama
Guard Chuck Hartwig Sr. Wileyville, West Virginia Pittsburgh
Center Jack Robinson Sr. Long Island, New York Notre Dame
Center Darrell Lester 6'3"218Jr. Jacksboro, Texas TCU
Center George Shotwell 6'2"159Sr. Hanover Township, Pennsylvania Pittsburgh
Guard Bill Bevan Sr. St. Paul, Minnesota Minnesota
Tackle Bob Reynolds 6'4"220Jr. Okmulgee, Oklahoma Stanford
End Frank Larson Sr. Duluth, Minnesota Minnesota

Statistical leaders

Related Research Articles

The NCAA was without a playoff for the major college football teams in the University Division, later known as Division I-A, during the 20th century. The NCAA recognizes Division I-A national champions based on the final results of polls including the "wire service", FWAA and NFF. The 1964 AP poll continued to rank only ten teams, compiling the votes of 55 sportswriters, each of whom would give their opinion of the ten best. Under a point system of 10 points for first place, 9 for second, etc., the "overall" ranking was determined.

The 1963 NCAA University Division football season was played by American football teams representing 120 colleges and universities recognized the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) as major programs. The remaining 299 colleges and universities that were NCAA members and fielded football teams competed in the 1963 NCAA College Division football season.

The 1962 NCAA University Division football season was played by American football teams representing 140 colleges and universities recognized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) as major programs. The remaining 370 colleges and universities that were NCAA members and fielded football teams competed in the 1962 NCAA College Division football season.

The 1960 NCAA University Division football season marked the last time that the University of Minnesota was a national champion on the gridiron. Murray Warmath's Minnesota Gophers were not in the Top 20 in preseason polling, but received the AP Trophy at the end of the regular season while Ole Miss received the FWAA trophy.

The 1973 NCAA Division I football season was the first for the NCAA's current three-division structure. Effective with the 1973–74 academic year, schools formerly in the NCAA "University Division" were classified as Division I. Schools in the former "College Division" were classified into Division II, which allowed fewer athletic scholarships than Division I, and Division III, in which athletic scholarships were prohibited.

The 1926 college football season was the first in which an attempt was made to recognize a national champion after the season.

1927 college football season

The 1927 college football season ended with the Illini of the University of Illinois (7–0–1) being recognized as champion under the Dickinson System. At season's end, the Rissler Cup was awarded to the team that finished first in the "Dickinson ratings", which considered strength of schedule, in that a win, loss or tie against a "strong" opponent was worth more than one against a lesser team, and the results were averaged.

The 1930 college football season saw Notre Dame repeat as national champion under the Dickinson System, and a post-season Rose Bowl matchup between two unbeaten (9–0) teams, Washington State and Alabama, ranked No. 2 and No. 3, respectively. Alabama won the Pasadena contest, 24–0.

1932 college football season

The 1932 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Because the "Big Nine" conference didn't permit its teams to play in the postseason, however, the Wolverines were not able to accept a bid to the Rose Bowl. As such, the Pasadena game matched the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, USC and Pittsburgh, with the USC Trojans winning the East-West matchup 35–0.

The 1933 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines repeat as winners of the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System.

The 1935 college football season was the last one before the Associated Press writers' poll was used in selecting the national champion. The Williamson System, calculated by Paul O. Williamson out of New Orleans, deemed Texas Christian University (TCU) as the best in the nation. The Dickinson System, consisting of the calculations of University of Illinois Professor Frank Dickinson, crowned Southern Methodist University (SMU) as the best in the nation. A poll of newspaper writers, taken at year's end—by United Press rather than the AP—concluded that Minnesota was the best in the nation.

The 1936 college football season was the first in which the Associated Press writers' poll selected a national champion. The first AP poll, taken of 35 writers, was released on October 20, 1936. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. In the first poll, Minnesota received 32 first place votes, and 3 votes for an additional 25 points, for a total of 345 altogether.

1925 college football season

The 1925 college football season ended with no clear national champion. At the close of the season, noted sports writer Billy Evans described the championship contest as "a dead heat" among Dartmouth, Tulane, Michigan, Washington, and Alabama.

The 1953 college football season finished with the Maryland Terrapins capturing the AP, INS, and UPI national championship after Notre Dame held the top spot for the first nine weeks. The No. 4 Oklahoma Sooners defeated Maryland in the Orange Bowl, but there was no further polling after the November 30 results were released. However, Notre Dame was selected as the National Champions by 10 other polls and the Oklahoma Sooners received first in two polls. However, despite the team receiving National Championship rings, the University of Notre Dame does not recognize this title due to their policy of only recognizing AP or coaches' poll titles during the polling era (1936–present). Maryland was also the first champion of the Atlantic Coast Conference, which had been formed earlier in 1953 by seven colleges formerly with the Southern Conference. The year 1953 also saw the Michigan State Spartans, previously an independent, join the Big Nine Conference, which then became the Big Ten; MSU won the conference title in that first year and was the conference representative to the Rose Bowl, which it won 28–20 over UCLA.

The 1949 college football season finished with four teams that were unbeaten and untied-- Notre Dame, Oklahoma, California, and Army had won all their games at season's end. Notre Dame, however, was the overwhelming choice for national champion in the AP Poll, with 172 of 208 first place votes. The Fighting Irish did not participate in the New Year's Day bowl games, which were played on January 2, 1950.

The 1947 college football season finished with Notre Dame, Michigan and Penn State all unbeaten and untied, but the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame were the first place choice for 107 of the 142 voters in the AP Poll, and repeated as national champions. Michigan went on to meet USC in the Rose Bowl and won 49–0, while Penn State was tied 13–13 by SMU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and Notre Dame didn't participate in the postseason. An unofficial post bowl AP poll was conducted with Michigan and Notre Dame as the only options and Michigan won by a vote of 226 to 119.

The 1946 college football season finished with the Notre Dame Fighting Irish crowned as the national champion in the AP Poll, the Georgia Bulldogs recognized as national champion by the Williamson poll and United States Military Academy named as national champion in various other polls and rankings. The Delaware Fightin' Blue Hens were recognized by the AP as the small college national champion. Notre Dame and Army both won all of their games, with the exception of their November 9 meeting at New York's Yankee Stadium, where they had played to a 0–0 tie in a No. 1 vs No. 2 matchup regarded as a "Game of the Century". Neither team played in bowl game that season.

The 1939 college football season concluded with the Aggies of The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas being named as the national champions by the voters in the Associated Press writers' poll.

The 1940 college football season ended with the Gophers of the University of Minnesota being named the nation's No. 1 team and national champion by the AP Poll, and the Stanford University Indians in second, with the two teams receiving 65 and 44 first place votes respectively. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. Minnesota, Stanford, Boston College, and Tennessee all claim 1940 as a national championship season.

The 1941 college football regular season was the 73rd season of intercollegiate football in the United States. Competition included schools from the Big Ten Conference, the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), the Southeastern Conference (SEC), the Big Six Conference, the Southern Conference, the Southwestern Conference, and numerous smaller conferences and independent programs.

References

  1. "Yale Football Book:Bulldogs' History Featured in New Book". The official website of the Yale University Athletics. Archived from the original on 2015-06-18.
  2. "1934 Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association Year Summary". SR/College Football. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  3. "November 15, 1934 AP Football Poll". AP Poll Archive. Archived from the original on February 13, 2009. Retrieved December 29, 2009.
  4. "1936 Final AP Football Poll". AP Poll Archive. Archived from the original on April 17, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2009.
  5. Nissenson, Herschel (2001). Tales From College Football's Sidelines . Sports Publishing. pp.  93. ISBN   1-58261-327-3.
  6. "Grid Season Put In Hands 'Brain Trust'," The Evening Tribune (Albert Lea, Minn.) Nov. 27, 1934, p. 12
  7. "Name Gophers National Champs," Wisconsin State Journal (Madison, Wis.), December 9, 1934, p22
  8. "Tulane Victory Assures More N.O. Games," San Antonio Light, January 2, 1935, p10
  9. "Bucknell Wins Game At Miami," Charleston (WV) Daily Mail, Jan. 2, 1935, p8
  10. "Alabama Passes Thrill West Coast," San Antonio Light, January 2, 1935, p10
  11. "Football Results," San Antonio Light, Jan. 2, 1935, p11