|1934 college football season|
|Number of bowls||3|
|Bowl games||January 1, 1935|
|Champion(s)|| Alabama |
The 1934 college football season was the 66th season of college football in the United States. Two New Year's Day bowl games were initiated to rival the Rose Bowl Game. On February 15, Warren V. Miller and Joseph M. Cousins organized the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association and by October, the group had enough funds to sponsor the Sugar Bowl. Meanwhile, W. Keith Phillips and the Greater Miami Athletic Club worked in November at a January 1 game for Florida, and the Orange Bowl was created.
Once again, a Big Ten team was selected by Professor Dickinson (of the University of Illinois) as the national champion, with the undefeated Minnesota Golden Gophers being accorded the honor. The conference, however, still had a bar against its members playing in the postseason, so Minnesota did not play in any of the bowl games. The undefeated and eventual Rose Bowl champion Alabama Crimson Tide was selected national champions by Dunkel, Williamson and Football Thesaurus.
|School||1933 conference||1934 conference|
|Butler Bulldogs||Missouri Valley||Indiana|
|Loyola (MD) Greyhounds||Independent||dropped program|
September 22 Stanford opened with a 48–0 win over San Jose State, while in Houston, Rice opened with a 12–0 win over Loyola College of New Orleans.
September 29 Minnesota beat North Dakota State 56–12 and Illinois beat Bradley 40–7. Alabama beat Samford 24–0, and Tulane beat UT-Chattanooga 41–0. Rice and LSU played to a 9–9 tie while Stanford and Santa Clara tied 7–7. Navy defeated William & Mary 20–7 while Pittsburgh beat Washington & Jefferson 26–6.
October 3 On a Wednesday game Minnesota beat Nebraska 20–0. Illinois beat Washington University (at St. Louis) 12–7, and on Friday, Alabama beat Sewanee 35–6 in Montgomery.
October 6 Navy beat Virginia 21–6 in a game in Washington, DC. In New Orleans, Tulane beat Auburn 13–0. At Portland, Stanford beat Oregon State 17–0. Columbia opened its season in New York with a 12–6 win over Yale, and Colgate beat St. Lawrence 32–0. Pittsburgh won at West Virginia 27–6. Ohio State beat Indiana 33–0. Rice won at Purdue 14–0.
October 13 Illinois beat Ohio State 14–13. Stanford beat visiting Northwestern 20–0. Pittsburgh defeated visiting USC 20–6. Alabama defeated Mississippi State 41–0, Rice defeated SMU 9–0, and Tulane won at Florida 28–12. Navy defeated Maryland 16–13, Colgate beat St. Bonaventure 62–0 and Columbia beat VMI 29–6.
October 20 Minnesota won at Pittsburgh, 13–7. Ohio State defeated visiting Colgate 10–7. Navy beat Columbia 18–7. Alabama and Tennessee, both 3–0–0, met in Birmingham, with Bama winning 13–6. Tulane edged visiting Georgia 7–6. In Omaha, Rice beat Creighton University 47–13. Stanford beat USF at San Francisco, 3–0.
October 27 Alabama beat Georgia 26–6 at Birmingham, while in New Orleans, Tulane beat Georgia Tech 20–12. Rice stayed unbeaten with a 20–9 win over visiting Texas. Minnesota won at Iowa 48–12, . Illinois won at Michigan 7–6, and Ohio State won at Northwestern 28–6. Stanford registered its fourth shutout, a 16–0 win over USC. Navy won at Penn, Colgate won at Holy Cross 20–7 and Columbia beat visiting Penn State 14–7. Pittsburgh beat host school Westminster College of Pennsylvania, 30–0
November 3 Pitt (4–1–0) and Notre Dame (3–0–0) met in Pittsburgh, with the Panthers winning 19–0. Minnesota beat Michigan 34–0. In Cleveland, Ohio State won at Western Reserve 76–0. Illinois beat Army 7–0. Alabama won at Kentucky 34–14. Rice beat Texas A&I 27–0. Tulane beat Ole Miss 15–0. In Los Angeles, Stanford beat UCLA 27–0. Columbia defeated Cornell 14–0 and Navy beat Washington & Lee 26–0.
November 10 At Yankee Stadium, Tulane (6–0–0) faced Colgate (3–1–0), with the Red Raiders handing the Green Wave their first loss, 20–6. In a meeting of unbeaten teams, Stanford (7–0–1) hosted Washington (4–0–0) and had a sixth straight shutout 24–0. Over in Cleveland, Navy beat Notre Dame 10–6. Pittsburgh won at Nebraska 25–6. Minnesota beat Indiana 30–0, Illinois won at Northwestern 14–3, and Ohio State beat Chicago 33–0 Alabama beat Clemson 40–0 and Rice won at Arkansas 7–0. Columbia beat Brown 39–0
November 17 Navy (7–0–0) hosted Pittsburgh (6–1–0) and lost 31–7
Minnesota beat Chicago 35–7 and Ohio State defeated Michigan 34–0. Previously unbeaten (6–0–0) Illinois was upset at Madison when it faced a (3–3–0) Wisconsin Badgers team, falling 7–3. Alabama defeated Georgia Tech 40–0, while Tulane won at Kentucky 20–7. Stanford beat the Olympic Club team 40–0, and had a record of 192–7 against its opponents to that time. Colgate won at Syracuse 13–2 and Columbia edged Penn 13–12. Rice beat Texas A&M 25–6. Yale's 11 "Iron Men" (they played the entire game with no substitutions) upset Princeton 7–0 at Princeton.
November 24 Minnesota won at Wisconsin 34–0, Ohio State beat Iowa 40–7, and Illinois won at Chicago 7–1. Stanford clinched a trip to the Rose Bowl with a 9–7 win at California. Colgate beat Rutgers 14–0. Tulane beat Sewanee 32–0. Columbia (7–1–0) beat Syracuse (6–1–0) in a Sunday game 12–0. In Houston, previously unbeaten (8–0–1) Rice hosted (6–3–0) Texas Christian (TCU) and was upset, 7–2.
On Thanksgiving Day, November 29, Alabama beat Vanderbilt in Birmingham, 34–0, and was invited soon after to meet Stanford at the Rose Bowl. Pittsburgh beat crosstown rival Carnegie Tech, 20–0, and Kansas State beat Nebraska 19–7 to clinch the Big Six Conference championship.
December 1 In Louisiana, Tulane (8–1–0) and LSU (6–0–2) faced each other in Baton Rouge. Both teams were likely hosts for the first Sugar Bowl in New Orleans, and Tulane edged the Tigers 13–12 to become the host team, where it would face 7–0–2 Temple University. Rice ended at 9–1–1 with a 32–0 win at Baylor. Colgate closed its season with a 20–13 win in Providence against Brown. At the Army–Navy Game, held in Philadelphia, Navy (7–1–0) beat Army (7–2–0) on a field goal, 3–0.
|Central Intercollegiate Athletics Association||Morgan College||5–0–3|
|Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference||Kansas State Teachers–Hays||4–1–0|
|Far Western Conference|| Fresno State Normal |
San Jose State Teachers
|Indiana Intercollegiate Conference||Butler||6–0|
|Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference||Simpson||3–2–1|
|Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference|| Baker |
|Lone Star Conference||East Texas State Teachers||4–0|
|Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association|| Hope |
|Michigan-Ontario Collegiate Conference||Adrian||–|
|Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference|| Coe |
|Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference||Concordia–Moorhead||4–0|
|Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association||Northeast Missouri State Teachers||4–0|
|Nebraska College Athletic Conference||Nebraska Wesleyan||4–0|
|Nebraska Intercollegiate Athletic Association||Omaha University||4–0|
|North Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference||North Dakota||3–0|
|North Dakota College Athletic Conference||Jamestown College||5–0|
|Northern Teachers Athletic Conference||Moorhead State Teachers||4–0|
|Ohio Athletic Conference||College of Wooster||8–0|
|Oklahoma Collegiate Athletic Conference||Central State Teachers (OK)||5–0|
|Pacific Northwest Conference||Willamette||5–0|
|Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference||Indiana State Teachers||6–0|
|Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference||Whittier||5–0|
|South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference||Augustana (SD)||3–1|
|Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference||Morris Brown||—|
|Southwestern Athletic Conference||Texas College||4–0–1|
|Texas Collegiate Athletic Conference||Howard Payne||5–0–1|
|Tri-Normal League||State Normal–Cheney||2–0|
|Wisconsin State Teachers College Conference||North: La Crosse State Teachers |
South: Stevens Point State Teachers
The first ever published AP Poll came in 1934.However, this was a one time event and the AP sportswriters' poll would not be continuously until 1936. Frank G. Dickinson, an economics professor at the University of Illinois, had invented the Dickinson System to rank colleges based upon their records and the strength of their opposition. The Rissman Trophy, and later the Rockne Memorial Trophy, was awarded to the winning university.
In an AP story with the caption "Figure This Out!", the system was explained: "For each victory of a first division team over another first division team, the winner gets 30 points and the loser 15 points. For each tie between two first division teams, each team gets 22.5 points. For each victory of a first division team over a second division team, the first division winner gets 20 points and the second division loser 10 points. For each tie between two second division teams, each gets 15 points. For each tie between a first division team and a second division team, the first division team gets 15 points and the second division team gets 20 points. Then, after each team has been given its quota of points its final "score" is tabulated by taking an average on the number of games played."
Minnesota (8–0) and Alabama (9–0) were both unbeaten and untied, and ranked first and sixth, respectively, in the Dickinson ratings.
|8 (t)||Ohio State||7–1–1||21.06|
|Bowl game||Winning team||Losing team|
|Rose Bowl||No. 6 Alabama||29||No. 10 Stanford||13|
|Sugar Bowl||No. 11 Tulane||20||Temple||14|
|Orange Bowl||Bucknell||26||Miami (FL)||0|
|Sun Bowl||El Paso All-Stars||25||Ranger (Texas)||21|
Rankings from the Dickinson System
In the first Sugar Bowl game, Tulane (9–1) hosted unbeaten Temple (7–0–2) before a crowd of 30,000 in New Orleans. Temple took a 14–0 lead before Tulane came back to win the game, 20–14.Temple had closed its season with a scoreless tie against Bucknell, which finished at 6–2–2, and the Bison were invited to play the Miami Hurricanes in the first Orange Bowl. The 'Canes best days were still ahead of them, and they made only three first downs altogether. Although 15,000 were expected, only 5,000 turned out to watch Bucknell beat Miami, 26–0.
The big game remained the Rose Bowl with Stanford, at 9–0–1, and Alabama, at 9–0. With both teams unbeaten, a crowd of 85,000 turned out in Pasadena to watch them. Stanford led 7–0 in the first quarter, but Alabama scored 22 points in the second, with the help of quarterback Dixie Howell and future Pro Football Hall of Fame Don Hutson, with Alabama winning, 29–14.The Sun Bowl was given a test drive with non-collegiate teams, as the El Paso All-Stars beating the visiting Ranger Bulldogs, 25–21, before a crowd of 3,000 in El Paso. In Honolulu, the Hawaii team beat vacationing California, 14–0, and in Houston, Tuskegee beat Prairie View, 15–6, in a New Year's Day game for negro colleges
The consensus 1934 College Football All-America Team included:
|Quarterback||Bobby Grayson||5'11"||195||Jr.||Portland Oregon||Stanford|
|Halfback||Dixie Howell||5'11"||164||Sr.||Hartford, Alabama||Alabama|
|Halfback||Buzz Borries||6'0"||175||Sr.||Louisville, Kentucky||Navy|
|Fullback||Pug Lund||5'11"||185||Sr.||Rice Lake, Wisconsin||Minnesota|
|End||Don Hutson||6'1"||183||Sr.||Pine Bluff, Arkansas||Alabama|
|Tackle||Bill Lee||6'2"||231||Sr.||Eutaw, Alabama||Alabama|
|Guard||Chuck Hartwig||Sr.||Wileyville, West Virginia||Pittsburgh|
|Center||Jack Robinson||Sr.||Long Island, New York||Notre Dame|
|Center||Darrell Lester||6'3"||218||Jr.||Jacksboro, Texas||TCU|
|Center||George Shotwell||6'2"||159||Sr.||Hanover Township, Pennsylvania||Pittsburgh|
|Guard||Bill Bevan||Sr.||St. Paul, Minnesota||Minnesota|
|Tackle||Bob Reynolds||6'4"||220||Jr.||Okmulgee, Oklahoma||Stanford|
|End||Frank Larson||Sr.||Duluth, Minnesota||Minnesota|
The NCAA was without a playoff for the major college football teams in the University Division, later known as Division I-A, during the 20th century. The NCAA recognizes Division I-A national champions based on the final results of polls including the "wire service", FWAA and NFF. The 1964 AP poll continued to rank only ten teams, compiling the votes of 55 sportswriters, each of whom would give their opinion of the ten best. Under a point system of 10 points for first place, 9 for second, etc., the "overall" ranking was determined.
The 1963 NCAA University Division football season was played by American football teams representing 120 colleges and universities recognized the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) as major programs. The remaining 299 colleges and universities that were NCAA members and fielded football teams competed in the 1963 NCAA College Division football season.
The 1962 NCAA University Division football season was played by American football teams representing 140 colleges and universities recognized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) as major programs. The remaining 370 colleges and universities that were NCAA members and fielded football teams competed in the 1962 NCAA College Division football season.
The 1960 NCAA University Division football season marked the last time that the University of Minnesota was a national champion on the gridiron. Murray Warmath's Minnesota Gophers were not in the Top 20 in preseason polling, but received the AP Trophy at the end of the regular season while Ole Miss received the FWAA trophy.
The 1973 NCAA Division I football season was the first for the NCAA's current three-division structure. Effective with the 1973–74 academic year, schools formerly in the NCAA "University Division" were classified as Division I. Schools in the former "College Division" were classified into Division II, which allowed fewer athletic scholarships than Division I, and Division III, in which athletic scholarships were prohibited.
The 1926 college football season was the first in which an attempt was made to recognize a national champion after the season.
The 1927 college football season ended with the Illini of the University of Illinois (7–0–1) being recognized as champion under the Dickinson System. At season's end, the Rissler Cup was awarded to the team that finished first in the "Dickinson ratings", which considered strength of schedule, in that a win, loss or tie against a "strong" opponent was worth more than one against a lesser team, and the results were averaged.
The 1930 college football season saw Notre Dame repeat as national champion under the Dickinson System, and a post-season Rose Bowl matchup between two unbeaten (9–0) teams, Washington State and Alabama, ranked No. 2 and No. 3, respectively. Alabama won the Pasadena contest, 24–0.
The 1932 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Because the "Big Nine" conference didn't permit its teams to play in the postseason, however, the Wolverines were not able to accept a bid to the Rose Bowl. As such, the Pasadena game matched the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, USC and Pittsburgh, with the USC Trojans winning the East-West matchup 35–0.
The 1933 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines repeat as winners of the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System.
The 1935 college football season was the last one before the Associated Press writers' poll was used in selecting the national champion. The Williamson System, calculated by Paul O. Williamson out of New Orleans, deemed Texas Christian University (TCU) as the best in the nation. The Dickinson System, consisting of the calculations of University of Illinois Professor Frank Dickinson, crowned Southern Methodist University (SMU) as the best in the nation. A poll of newspaper writers, taken at year's end—by United Press rather than the AP—concluded that Minnesota was the best in the nation.
The 1936 college football season was the first in which the Associated Press writers' poll selected a national champion. The first AP poll, taken of 35 writers, was released on October 20, 1936. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. In the first poll, Minnesota received 32 first place votes, and 3 votes for an additional 25 points, for a total of 345 altogether.
The 1925 college football season ended with no clear national champion. At the close of the season, noted sports writer Billy Evans described the championship contest as "a dead heat" among Dartmouth, Tulane, Michigan, Washington, and Alabama.
The 1953 college football season finished with the Maryland Terrapins capturing the AP, INS, and UPI national championship after Notre Dame held the top spot for the first nine weeks. The No. 4 Oklahoma Sooners defeated Maryland in the Orange Bowl, but there was no further polling after the November 30 results were released. However, Notre Dame was selected as the National Champions by 10 other polls and the Oklahoma Sooners received first in two polls. However, despite the team receiving National Championship rings, the University of Notre Dame does not recognize this title due to their policy of only recognizing AP or coaches' poll titles during the polling era (1936–present). Maryland was also the first champion of the Atlantic Coast Conference, which had been formed earlier in 1953 by seven colleges formerly with the Southern Conference. The year 1953 also saw the Michigan State Spartans, previously an independent, join the Big Nine Conference, which then became the Big Ten; MSU won the conference title in that first year and was the conference representative to the Rose Bowl, which it won 28–20 over UCLA.
The 1949 college football season finished with four teams that were unbeaten and untied-- Notre Dame, Oklahoma, California, and Army had won all their games at season's end. Notre Dame, however, was the overwhelming choice for national champion in the AP Poll, with 172 of 208 first place votes. The Fighting Irish did not participate in the New Year's Day bowl games, which were played on January 2, 1950.
The 1947 college football season finished with Notre Dame, Michigan and Penn State all unbeaten and untied, but the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame were the first place choice for 107 of the 142 voters in the AP Poll, and repeated as national champions. Michigan went on to meet USC in the Rose Bowl and won 49–0, while Penn State was tied 13–13 by SMU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and Notre Dame didn't participate in the postseason. An unofficial post bowl AP poll was conducted with Michigan and Notre Dame as the only options and Michigan won by a vote of 226 to 119.
The 1946 college football season finished with the Notre Dame Fighting Irish crowned as the national champion in the AP Poll, the Georgia Bulldogs recognized as national champion by the Williamson poll and United States Military Academy named as national champion in various other polls and rankings. The Delaware Fightin' Blue Hens were recognized by the AP as the small college national champion. Notre Dame and Army both won all of their games, with the exception of their November 9 meeting at New York's Yankee Stadium, where they had played to a 0–0 tie in a No. 1 vs No. 2 matchup regarded as a "Game of the Century". Neither team played in bowl game that season.
The 1939 college football season concluded with the Aggies of The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas being named as the national champions by the voters in the Associated Press writers' poll.
The 1940 college football season ended with the Gophers of the University of Minnesota being named the nation's No. 1 team and national champion by the AP Poll, and the Stanford University Indians in second, with the two teams receiving 65 and 44 first place votes respectively. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. Minnesota, Stanford, Boston College, and Tennessee all claim 1940 as a national championship season.
The 1941 college football regular season was the 73rd season of intercollegiate football in the United States. Competition included schools from the Big Ten Conference, the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), the Southeastern Conference (SEC), the Big Six Conference, the Southern Conference, the Southwestern Conference, and numerous smaller conferences and independent programs.