1920 college football season

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The 1920 college football season had no clear-cut champion, with the Official NCAA Division I Football Records Book listing California, Georgia, Harvard, Notre Dame, and Princeton as national champions. [1] Only California and Princeton claim national championships for the 1920 season. Andy Smith's Pacific Coast Conference champion California "Wonder Team" was the first national champion from the Pacific Coast. [2] Princeton and Harvard were undefeated and with one tie to each other. Notre Dame was led by its first Walter Camp All-American, George Gipp, who died before the year was over. [3]

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In the south, fans of either side in Georgia were happy. Georgia and Georgia Tech were both undefeated in Southern play. Georgia Tech lost to Pitt, which was undefeated with two ties. No team scored through Georgia's line, and its backfield was known as the "ten second backfield". [4] Jimmy Leech of VMI's "Flying Squadron" led the nation in scoring. One writer claimed "he is one of the greatest broken field runners the country has ever seen." [5]

In the Rose Bowl, Cal defeated Ohio State 28–0. Brick Muller completed a 53-yard touchdown pass to Brodie Stephens after receiving a toss from Pesky Sprott, at the time thought impossible. [6]

Conference and program changes

Conference establishments

Membership changes

School1920 Conference1921 Conference
Indiana State Normal Fightin' Teachers Program Re-EstablishedIndependent
Kent State Normal Silver Foxes Program EstablishedIndependent
Oklahoma Sooners Southwest Missouri Valley
Phillips Haymakers Independent Southwest
UCLA Bruins Independent SCIAC

Bowl games

California defeated Ohio State, 28–0, in the 1921 Rose Bowl. The first and only Fort Worth Classic was held on January 1, 1921, with Centre defeating TCU.

Conference standings

Major conference standings

1920 Big Ten Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Ohio State $500  710
Wisconsin 410  610
Indiana 310  520
Illinois 420  520
Iowa 320  520
Michigan 220  520
Northwestern 230  340
Chicago 240  340
Purdue 040  250
Minnesota 060  160
  • $ Conference champion
1920 Missouri Valley football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Oklahoma $401  601
Missouri 510  710
Kansas 320  521
Iowa State 320  440
Drake 131  451
Washington University 140  440
Grinnell 021  331
Kansas State 031  333
  • $ Conference champion
1920 Pacific Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
California $300  900
Stanford 210  430
Oregon 111  321
Washington State 110  510
Oregon Agricultural 121  222
Washington 030  150
  • $ Conference champion
1920 Rocky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Colorado Agricultural $601  611
Colorado College 411  511
Colorado 312  412
Utah Agricultural 211  421
Denver 240  340
Montana State 001  411
Utah 121  151
Wyoming 251  451
Colorado Mines 060  060
  • $ Conference champion
1920 South Atlantic Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
VMI $500  900
Maryland 400  720
Washington and Lee 300  530
Georgetown 310  640
Virginia 310  522
NC State 420  730
Richmond 220  620
Davidson 220  550
VPI 240  460
Catholic University 130  350
George Washington 010  161
St. John's (MD) 010  010
Johns Hopkins 020  030
William & Mary 040  450
North Carolina 050  260
  • $ Conference champion
1920 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Georgia +700  801
Tulane +500  621
Georgia Tech +400  810
Alabama 610  1010
Centre 410  820
Furman 310  910
South Carolina 310  540
Tennessee 520  720
Auburn 420  720
Mississippi A&M 420  530
Sewanee 331  431
Vanderbilt 330  431
Transylvania 220  340
Howard (AL) 230  351
Mississippi College 240  350
Florida 120  630
Clemson 260  461
LSU 130  531
Chattanooga 130  341
The Citadel 140  260
Ole Miss 020  430
Kentucky 031  341
Georgetown (KY) 020  030
Millsaps 030  030
Mercer 040  270
Wofford 040  081
  • + Conference co-champions
1920 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Texas $500  900
Texas A&M 510  611
Arkansas 201  322
Rice 221  422
Baylor 121  441
Phillips 030  442
Oklahoma A&M 030  071
SMU 041  352
  • $ Conference champion

Independents

1920 Eastern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Boston College     800
Harvard     801
Princeton     601
Penn State     702
Pittsburgh     602
Army     720
Dartmouth     720
Cornell     620
Syracuse     621
Geneva     521
New Hampshire     521
Brown     630
Bucknell     630
Wash. & Jeff.     631
Penn     640
Carnegie Tech     530
Lafayette     530
Holy Cross     530
Williams     530
Yale     530
Fordham     430
Franklin & Marshall     322
Columbia     440
Duquesne     331
Vermont     350
NYU     251
Rhode Island State     044
Tufts     260
Rutgers     270
Colgate     152
Villanova     151
Drexel     060
1920 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Notre Dame     900
Butler     710
St. Xavier     710
Detroit     820
Marquette     720
Haskell     311
St. Ignatius (OH)     420
Iowa State Teachers     421
Valparaiso     530
Nebraska     531
Central Michigan     431
Akron     440
Wabash     340
Western State (MI)     340
North Dakota Agricultural     231
Michigan Agricultural     460
Earlham     230
Dayton     240
Kent State     120
Saint Louis     360
Bowling Green     140
Toledo     030
1920 Southern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Talladega      ?00
Trinity (NC)     401
Presbyterian     511
Middle Tennessee     410
Navy     620
Spring Hill     620
Mississippi Normal     421
Southwest Texas     421
East Tennessee     320
West Virginia     541
Oglethorpe     441
Delaware     351
Texas Mines     240
Wake Forest     270
Marshall     080
1920 Western college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Nevada     731
USC     600
Arizona     610
Hawaii     620
New Mexico A&M     511
Santa Clara     510
Idaho     420
Montana     430
New Mexico     330
University Farm     340
Pacific (CA)     121
Saint Mary's     030

Minor conferences

ConferenceChampion(s)Record
Central Intercollegiate Athletics Association No champion
Inter-Normal Athletic Conference of Wisconsin Oshkosh Normal 4–0–1
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference Friends (KS)
Louisiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association Unknown
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Albion 4–0
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Hamline 2–1–1
Nebraska Intercollegiate Conference Unknown
Ohio Athletic Conference Wooster 7–0
Oklahoma Intercollegiate Conference Tulsa 6–0–1
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Pomona 5–0
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Morehouse
Tri-Normal League Spokane

Minor conference standings

1920 Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Howard 500  700
Virginia Union 110  620
Shaw 220  221
Hampton 230  431
Lincoln (PA) 120  320
Virginia Normal 030  340
1920 Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Southern Illinois     450
Carthage 041  151
1920 Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Washburn +402  423
Friends +710  710
College of Emporia 611  611
St. Mary's (KS) 420  620
Baker 430  540
Bethany (KS) 431  431
Fairmount 432  432
Pittsburg Normal 330  541
Kansas State Normal 231  242
Hays Normal 231  251
Southwestern (KS) 251  252
Ottawa 160  160
Kansas Wesleyan 032  053
Sterling 071  071
  • + Conference co-champions
1920 Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Albion $401  422
Kalamazoo 310  531
Hillsdale 211  611
Michigan State Normal 120  620
Olivet 120  150
Alma 050  070
  • $ Conference champion
1920 Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Carleton 310  412
Hamline $211  431
Macalester 211  322
St. Olaf 320  520
St. Thomas (MN) 130  251
Gustavus Adolphus 030  130
  • $ Conference champion
1920 Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kirksville +600  800
William Jewell +502  512
Missouri Mines +400  440
Missouri Wesleyan *312  422
Warrensburg 430  531
Springfield (MO) 240  260
Tarkio 121  331
Missouri Valley 240  340
Drury130  150
Westminster (MO) 141  142
Central (MO) 150  160
Maryville (MO) 020  030
Cape Girardeau 020  050
  • + Conference co-champions
  • * – Missouri Wesleyan forfeited a win over Kirksville
    † – Drury forfeited wins over William Jewell and Missouri Mines
1920 Nebraska Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Grand Island 601  602
Doane 501  511
Nebraska Wesleyan 401  622
Omaha 500  710
Hastings 521  521
Peru Normal 540  540
Midland 360  360
York (NE) 250  250
Wayne Normal 130  141
Cotner 160  160
Kearney Normal 170  170
Nebraska Central 060  060
Championship: Grand Island 0, Nebraska Wesleyan 0
1920 Ohio Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wooster $700  900
Wittenberg 500  800
Ohio State 200  710
Denison 511  611
Oberlin 520  520
Heidelberg 320  720
Cincinnati 320  450
Miami (OH) 321  521
Mount Union 330  630
Ohio Wesleyan 330  430
Ohio Northern 230  340
Akron 240  440
Case 251  281
Ohio 130  430
Kenyon 161  251
Western Reserve 160  280
Hiram 060  090
  • $ Conference champion
1920 Southern California Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Pomona $500  610
Occidental 320  430
Whittier 320  320
Caltech 221  331
Redlands 131  241
Southern Branch 050  050
  • $ Conference champion

Awards and honors

All-Americans

The consensus All-America team included:

PositionNameHeightWeight (lbs.)ClassHometownTeam
QB Donold Lourie 5'11"164Sr. Peru, Illinois Princeton
HB Gaylord Stinchcomb 5'8"157Sr. Sycamore, Ohio Ohio State
HB Charley Way 5'8"144Sr. Embreeville, Pennsylvania Penn State
FB George Gipp 6'1"180Sr. Laurium, Michigan Notre Dame
E Chuck Carney 6'1"190Jr. Chicago, Illinois Illinois
E Bill Fincher 6'0"182Sr. Atlanta, Georgia Georgia Tech
T Stan Keck 5'11"206Jr. Greensburg, Pennsylvania Princeton
G Tim Callahan Sr. Lawrence, Massachusetts Yale
G Tom Woods Sr. Boston, Massachusetts Harvard
C Herb Stein 6'1"186Jr. Warren, Ohio Pittsburgh
G Iolas Huffman 5'11"228Jr. Chandlersville, Ohio Ohio State
T Ralph Scott 6'2"235Sr. Dewey, Wisconsin Wisconsin
E Luke Urban 5'8"165Sr. Fall River, Massachusetts Boston College

Statistical leaders

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References

  1. Official 2013 Football Bowl Subdivision Records Book (PDF). The National Collegiate Athletic Association. pp. 76–77.
  2. "Football Championship History". NCAA. Archived from the original on 29 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  3. "Notre Dame Archives: George Gipp". Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
  4. Garbin, Patrick (2008). About Them Dawgs!. ISBN   9780810860407.
  5. "A Matter of Geography". The Washington Herald. December 14, 1920. p. 11. Retrieved March 2, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  6. "Athlete, Officer in Law Enforcement and Administration, Governor of the Virgin Islands: Walter Gordon". www.oac.cdlib.org. p. 75. Retrieved 2015-11-04.