1935 college football season

Last updated

The 1935 college football season was the last one before the Associated Press writers' poll was used in selecting the national champion. The Williamson System, calculated by Paul O. Williamson out of New Orleans, deemed Texas Christian University (TCU) as the best in the nation. The Dickinson System, consisting of the calculations of University of Illinois Professor Frank Dickinson, crowned Southern Methodist University (SMU) as the best in the nation. A poll of newspaper writers, taken at year's end—by United Press rather than the AP—concluded that Minnesota was the best in the nation.

Contents

The 1935 season also marked the first time the Heisman Trophy was awarded. It was won by Jay Berwanger of Chicago. Quarterback Ray Zeh of Case Western Reserve led the nation in scoring. [1]

Conference and program changes

School1934 Conference1935 Conference
Texas Mines (UTEP) Miners Independent Border
Tulsa Golden Hurricane Independent Missouri Valley
Washburn Ichabods Independent Missouri Valley

September

September 21 SMU opened with a 39–0 win over North Texas and TCU opened its season with a 41–0 win over visiting Howard Payne College.

September 28 SMU beat Austin College 60–0 and TCU beat North Texas 28–11. Stanford beat San Jose State 35–0 and UCLA beat Utah State 39–0., Fordham University, whose 1936 team would include the legendary Seven Blocks of Granite was a favorite New York City college football teams, after New York University and Columbia University. The Rams played all of their games at home at the Polo Grounds, which also hosted the NFL's New york Giants. In a game against visiting Franklin & Marshall, the Rams were losing until they scored two touchdowns in the fourth quarter for a 14–7 win. California played a doubleheader, beating UC-Davis 47–0 and Whittier 6–0. Notre Dame defeated visiting Kansas, 28–7. Pittsburgh had an unexpectedly difficult time in a 14–0 win over visiting Waynesburg College.

October

October 5 Minnesota beat visiting North Dakota State 26–6 Stanford won at the U. of San Francisco 10–0 and California beat St. Mary's 10–0. In Portland, UCLA beat Oregon State 20–7. Ohio State beat Kentucky 19–6 Princeton edged Penn 7–6, Fordham beat Boston College 19–0, Notre Dame won at Carnegie Tech, 14–3 and Pittsburgh won at Washington & Jefferson 35–0. TCU won at Arkansas 13–7 and SMU beat visiting Tulsa 14–0.

October 12 Minnesota won at Nebraska 12–7 and Ohio State defeated visiting Drake 85–7. In Portland, California beat Oregon, 6–0. TCU won at Tulsa, 13–0. In St. Louis, SMU beat Washington University 35–6. Notre Dame won at Wisconsin, 27–0 Pittsburgh beat West Virginia, 24–6. Fordham lost to Purdue, 20–0 [2] Princeton defeated Williams College, 14–7.

October 19 UCLA won at Stanford, 7–6. Notre Dame (3–0) and Pittsburgh, both 3–0–0, met at South Bend, with the Fighting Irish handing Pitt its first loss, 9–6. Minnesota beat visiting Tulane 20–0 Ohio State beat Northwestern 28–7. SMU and Rice, both 4–0–0, met in Dallas, with SMU winning, 10–0. TCU beat visiting Texas A&M 19–14 to stay unbeaten. California beat Santa Clara 6–0. Princeton beat Rutgers, 29–6. Fordham beat Vanderbilt, 13–7

October 26 TCU won at Centenary, 27–7. Stanford won at Washington 6–0, California beat visiting USC, 21–7, and UCLA beat Oregon, 33–6. Minnesota beat Northwestern at home 21–13 and Ohio State won at Indiana 28–6 Fordham defeated Lebanon Valley College 15–0. Pittsburgh beat Penn State 9–0. Princeton won at Cornell 54–0. At Baltimore, Notre Dame beat Navy 14–0. In a game at Wichita Falls, Texas, SMU beat Hardin–Simmons 18–6.

November

November 2 Notre Dame (5–0–0) and Ohio State (4–0–0) met at Columbus before a crowd of 80,000. Grantland Rice described what happened: "Completely outplayed in the first two quarters, trailing 13 to 0 as the final quarter started with every killing break against it-- breaks that would crack the heart of an iron ox-- this Notre Dame team came surging back in the final quarter...". Notre Dame scored early in the fourth, but the extra point attempt bounced off the crossbar, and it was 13–6. After an interception, the Irish drove to within six inches of the goal line 0when Milner fumbled the ball away. With 90 seconds left, Andy Pilney passed to Mike Layden for a touchdown, but the extra point failed and the Irish trailed 13–12. Andy Pilney forced a Buckeye fumble at midfield, giving the Irish the ball at the 49 yard line, and on the next play, Pilney, taking back over as quarterback, scrambled to the 19 yard line, but was injured. With only one play left in the game, reserve quarterback Bill Shakespeare passed to Wayne Milner for the 18–13 win. [3] [4]

At Los Angeles, California (6–0–0) faced UCLA (4–0–0) and won 14–2. TCU visited Baylor (6–0–0). TCU shut the Bears out 28–0. SMU beat visiting Texas 20–0. Minnesota beat Purdue 29–7. Stanford beat Santa Clara in another close game, 9–6. Fordham and Pittsburgh played to a 0–0 tie. Princeton defeated Navy 26–0.

November 9 Unbeaten Notre Dame hosted the Northwestern Wildcats, who had a losing record (2–3–0). With William Shakespeare at left halfback for the Irish, and Henry Wardsworth Longfellow playing right end for the Wildcats, the game looked like no more than a meeting of literary namesakes. Shakespeare's running game was shut down, while Longfellow caught one touchdown pass, and then recovered a fumble in the fourth quarter to set up a second touchdown for a major upset, as Northwestern won 14–7 [5] Minnesota won at Iowa 13–6. In Los Angeles, SMU handed UCLA (4–1–0) its second straight loss, 21–0. Stanford won at USC, 3–0. California beat Washington 14–0.

Fordham tied St. Mary's College 7–7, Princeton beat Harvard 35–0 and Pittsburgh beat visiting Army 29–6. Ohio State won at Chicago, 20–13. In a Friday game at New Orleans, TCU beat Loyola College 14–0.

November 16

TCU won at Texas 28–0 and SMU won at Arkansas 17–6. Fordham beat Muhlenberg College 45–0 at the Polo Grounds, while Notre Dame and Army played to a 6–6 tie at Yankee Stadium. Pittsburgh beat Nebraska 6–0 and Princeton beat Lehigh 27–0. Stanford defeated Montana 32–0 California beat Pacific 39–0 Ohio State beat Illinois 38–0 and Minnesota won at Michigan 40–0 In a Friday game, UCLA beat visiting Hawaii 19–6.

November 23

California (9–0) and Stanford (6–1–0) met at Palo Alto, as Stanford handed the Golden Bears their first loss, 13–0. On the strength of the win, Stanford got the bid to the Rose Bowl. In a matchup of two great Ivy teams, Princeton (7–0–0) hosted Dartmouth (8–0–0), with Princeton winning 26–6. SMU defeated visiting Baylor 10–0 and TCU beat visiting Rice, 27–6, as both teams raised their records to 10–0–0.

UCLA beat Loyola Marymount 14–6 Notre Dame closed its season with a 20–13 win over USC. Minnesota beat visiting Wisconsin, 33–7 to close its season at 8–0–0.

For the first time, Ohio State closed with its regular season with Michigan, a tradition that continued with only one interruption, in 1942. OSU won at Ann Arbor, 38–0.

On Thanksgiving Day, November 28 a crowd of 78,000 turned out at Yankee Stadium to watch Fordham (5–1–2) face New York University (7–1–0). Fordham shut out NYU 21–0, but not before a fight broke out with the spectators crowding the field, [6] Pittsburgh (6–1–0) and Carnegie Tech (2–5–0) played to a 0–0 tie.

November 30

The most eagerly watched game of the season matched two unbeaten (10–0–0) teams, with Texas Christian (10–0–0) hosting Southern Methodist. SMU won 20–14 and was invited to the Rose Bowl, while TCU went to the Sugar Bowl.

Princeton closed its season with a 38–7 win at Yale, to finish 9–0–0.

December

December 7 UCLA beat Idaho 13–6. TCU won at Santa Clara, 10–6.

December 14 In San Francisco, UCLA closed its season with a 13–7 win over St. Mary's, while in Los Angeles, Pittsburgh beat USC 12–7.

Conference standings

Major conference standings

1935 Big Six Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Nebraska $401  621
Oklahoma 320  630
Kansas 221  441
Kansas State 122  243
Iowa State 131  243
Missouri 023  333
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Big Ten Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 1 Minnesota +500  800
No. 5 Ohio State +500  710
Purdue 330  440
Indiana 221  431
No. 16 Northwestern 231  431
No. 18 Iowa 122  422
Chicago 230  440
Michigan 230  440
Illinois 140  350
Wisconsin 140  170
  • + Conference co-champions
Rankings from UP Sports Writers
1935 Border Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Arizona $400  720
New Mexico A&M 410  712
New Mexico 320  640
Arizona State 231  251
Arizona State–Flagstaff 031  333
Texas Tech 010  532
Texas Mines 030  180
  • $ Conference champion
  • Reference [7]
1935 Middle Three Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Rutgers $200  450
Lehigh 110  540
Lafayette 020  270
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Missouri Valley Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Washington University +300  640
Tulsa +300  361
Creighton 211  351
Drake 121  442
Washburn 120  460
Grinnell 120  351
Oklahoma A&M 030  370
  • + Conference co-champions
1935 Pacific Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Stanford ^ +410  810
California +410  910
UCLA +410  820
Washington State 320  531
Oregon 320  630
Washington 430  530
Oregon State 231  641
USC 240  570
Idaho 150  270
Montana 051  152
  • + Conference co-champions
  • ^ – Selected as Rose Bowl representative
1935 Rocky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Colorado $510  540
Utah State 511  521
Denver 520  630
Utah 411  431
Colorado College 421  431
Colorado State–Greeley 210  430
BYU 340  440
Wyoming 340  440
Colorado A&M 241  341
Montana State 150  261
Colorado Mines 160  160
Western State (CO) 040  160
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Southeastern Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
LSU $500  920
Vanderbilt 510  730
Ole Miss 310  930
Auburn 520  820
Alabama 420  621
Tulane 330  640
Kentucky 330  540
Georgia Tech 340  550
Mississippi State 230  830
Tennessee 230  450
Georgia 240  640
Florida 160  370
Sewanee 060  270
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Southern Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Duke $500  820
North Carolina 410  810
Maryland 311  722
Clemson 210  630
VPI 331  432
NC State 220  640
Washington and Lee 131  341
Virginia 032  154
South Carolina 140  370
VMI 031  271
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Middle Tennessee State Teachers $500  800
Howard (AL) 501  712
Furman 400  810
Centenary 300  650
Union (KY) 202  312
Southwestern (TN) 202  343
Louisiana Tech 710  810
Mississippi State Teachers 510  640
Stetson 410  720
The Citadel 410  431
Transylvania 310  530
Georgetown (KY) 311  521
Western Kentucky 520  730
Wofford 321  441
Louisiana College 440  640
Miami (FL) 110  530
Millsaps 221  442
Mercer 110  450
Centre 110  171
Union (TN) 231  641
Eastern Kentucky 231  441
Murray State 240  450
Presbyterian 240  270
Rollins 130  250
Loyola (LA) 130  261
Newberry 140  280
SW Louisiana 140  280
Louisville 140  161
Louisiana Normal 150  290
West Tennessee State 031  161
Erskine 041  161
Mississippi College 051  261
Tennessee Tech 051  161
Morehead State 050  160
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
SMU $600  1210
TCU 510  1210
Baylor 330  830
Rice 330  830
Arkansas 240  550
Texas A&M 150  370
Texas 150  460
  • $ Conference champion

Independents

1935 Eastern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Princeton     900
Holy Cross     901
NYU     710
Dartmouth     820
Northeastern     503
Syracuse     611
Pittsburgh     712
Fordham     612
Villanova     720
Franklin & Marshall     721
Providence     620
Army     621
Colgate     730
Temple     730
Boston College     630
Bucknell     630
Duquesne     630
Yale     630
CCNY     430
Drexel     322
Manhattan     531
Massachusetts State     540
La Salle     441
Penn     440
Penn State     440
Columbia     441
Vermont     450
Boston University     342
Harvard     350
Carnegie Tech     251
Buffalo     260
Tufts     152
Brown     180
Cornell     061
1935 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Marquette     710
Notre Dame     711
Michigan State     620
DePaul     521
Wayne     521
Detroit     630
Xavier     630
Michigan State Normal     422
Western State (MI)     530
Saint Louis     560
Central State (MI)     160
Haskell     071
1935 Southern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Catholic University     810
William & Mary Norfolk Division     810
Texas Wesleyan     821
George Washington     630
Hardin–Simmons     631
Navy     540
Western Maryland     650
East Carolina     330
Georgetown     440
South Georgia Teachers     332
West Virginia     342
Oklahoma City     341
Texas A&I     350
Delaware     251
1935 Western college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Idaho Southern Branch     701
Humboldt State     611
Cal Poly     521
Pomona     521
Saint Mary's     522
Hawaii     530
San Francisco     530
Gonzaga     541
Loyola (CA)     650
San Jose State     551
Portland     340
Santa Clara     361
San Francisco State     251

Minor conferences

ConferenceChampion(s)Record
Central Intercollegiate Athletics Association Morgan College 7–0
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Kansas State Teachers–Hays
Kansas State Teachers–Pittsburg
Wichita
3–1
Far Western Conference Fresno State Normal 4–0
Indiana Intercollegiate Conference Butler 5–0
Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Luther 4–0
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference Kansas Wesleyan 4–0–1
Lone Star Conference North Texas State Teachers
Stephen F. Austin State Teachers
East Texas State Teachers
3–1
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Alma 4–0
Michigan-Ontario Collegiate Conference Adrian
Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference Ripon 2–0–1
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Gustavus Adolphus
Saint John's (MN)
Saint Olaf
3–0–1
3–0–1
3–0
Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association Northeast Missouri State Teachers 5–0
Nebraska College Athletic Conference Hastings 3–1
Nebraska Intercollegiate Athletic Association Omaha University 4–0
North Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference North Dakota Agricultural 4–0–1
North Dakota College Athletic Conference Jamestown College 4–0
Northern Teachers Athletic Conference Moorhead State Teachers 4–0
Ohio Athletic Conference Baldwin–Wallace 8–0
Oklahoma Collegiate Athletic Conference Central State Teachers (OK)
East Central State (OK)
4–1
Pacific Northwest Conference Linfield
Willamette
3–0–1
4–0
Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference Shippensburg State Teachers 5–1
South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference Augustana (SD) 5–0
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Whittier 4–1
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Alabama State Teachers
Southwestern Athletic Conference Texas College 5–0–1
Texas Conference Austin 4–0–2
Tri-Normal League State Normal–Cheney 1–0–1
Wisconsin State Teachers College Conference North: Superior State Teachers
South: Oshkosh State Teachers
3–0–1
4–0

Minor conference standings

1935 Central Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Fort Hays State +310  820
Pittsburg State +310  630
Wichita +310  540
Emporia Teachers 130  440
Southwestern (KS) 040  450
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Chesapeake Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Randolph–Macon $300  802
Hampden–Sydney 210  550
American 120  340
Bridgewater 030  070
  • $ Conference champion
1934 Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Morgan $700  800
Hampton 710  710
Bluefield State 620  630
Virginia State 530  631
North Carolina College 420  440
Virginia Union 431  431
Lincoln (PA) 221  232
Shaw 330  330
Johnson C. Smith 230  241
Howard 150  350
Saint Paul's (VA) 170  170
North Carolina A&T 180  180
St. Augustine's 050  050
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Dixie Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Howard (AL) $301  712
Chattanooga 311  431
Spring Hill 212  722
Millsaps 112  442
Southwestern (TN) 222  342
Mercer 110  450
Loyola (LA) 220  261
Birmingham–Southern 250  260
Mississippi College 141  261
Centre 001  171
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Far Western Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Fresno State $400  630
Pacific (CA) 310  541
Nevada 220  260
Cal Aggies 130  261
Chico State 040  251
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Millikin +400  510
Monmouth (IL) +400  630
Northern Illinois State 511  711
Illinois College 510  530
McKendree 411  531
Illinois Wesleyan 410  730
Illinois State Normal 421  522
Elmhurst 211  521
Knox (IL) 211  522
Augustana (IL) 320  530
North Central 330  430
Carthage 230  440
Wheaton (IL) 121  251
St. Viator 120  242
Southern Illinois 141  171
Bradley 151  161
Western Illinois 160  260
Lake Forest 010  340
Eastern Illinois 050  170
Eureka 060  060
  • + Conference co-champions
1935 Indiana Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Butler $600  710
DePauw 502  512
Wabash 611  611
Indiana State 410  530
Manchester 312  412
Central Normal 212  313
Valparaiso 220  441
Ball State 341  341
Evansville 450  450
Hanover 230  251
Earlham 121  000
Saint Joseph's (IN) 130  140
Rose Poly 150  250
Franklin (IN) 170  170
Oakland City 061  071
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kansas Wesleyan $401  431
Baker 311  342
McPherson 212  432
College of Emporia 320  351
Bethany (KS) 140  440
Ottawa 050  080
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Lone Star Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
East Texas State +310  621
North Texas State +310  531
Stephen F. Austin +310  450
Southwest Texas State 130  270
Sam Houston State 040  360
  • + Conference co-champions
1935 Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Alma $400  800
Kalamazoo 211  232
Hillsdale 121  441
Hope 121  332
Albion 031  062
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Saint John's (MN) +301  501
Gustavus Adolphus +301  502
St. Olaf +300  340
St. Thomas (MN) 312  422
Hamline 220  230
Macalester 031  151
Concordia (MN) 031  161
Saint Mary's (MN) 050  260
  • + Conference co-champions
1935 Missouri College Athletic Union football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Missouri Valley $310  630
Tarkio 210  320
Central Methodist 220  360
William Jewell 220  351
Culver–Stockton 030  242
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kirksville State $500  710
SE Missouri State 320  720
Central Missouri State 221  431
SW Missouri State 221  341
NW Missouri State 230  351
Missouri Mines 050  170
  • $ Conference champion
1935 New England Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Maine $200  331
Rhode Island State 110  441
Connecticut State 010  241
New Hampshire 010  251
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Nebraska College Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Hastings $310  640
Nebraska Wesleyan 211  531
Doane 220  063
Midland 121  223
York (NE) 130  640
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Nebraska Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Omaha $300  630
Kearney State 220  530
Wayne State (NE) 220  340
Peru State 130  251
Chadron State 130  250
  • $ Conference champion
1935 North Central Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
North Dakota Agricultural $401  711
North Dakota 302  622
Iowa State Teachers 200  630
South Dakota 221  531
South Dakota State 131  441
Omaha 130  630
Morningside 051  061
  • $ Conference champion
1935 North Dakota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Jamestown $401  511
Dickinson State 211  311
Valley City State 321  421
Mayville State 220  220
Minot State 112  123
Wahpeton 131  141
Ellendale Teachers 040  040
  • $ Conference champion
1935 North State Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Elon $300  630
Appalachian State 101  522
Catawba 310  820
Lenoir–Rhyne 221  441
Guilford 130  190
Western Carolina 040  1100
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Ohio Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Baldwin–Wallace $800  911
Mount Union 611  711
Toledo 310  621
Capital 420  520
Akron 630  630
Marietta 320  440
Wittenberg 320  450
Case 320  360
Ohio Northern 321  431
Muskingum 330  540
Kenyon 111  331
Heidelberg 332  342
Oberlin 221  341
Wooster 232  342
Ashland 241  241
Kent State 250  350
Findlay 130  440
Otterbein 061  161
Bowling Green 060  160
John Carroll 040  180
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Oklahoma Collegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
East Central +410  720
Central State (OK) +410  721
Northeastern State 221  431
SE Oklahoma State 221  442
NW Oklahoma State 131  351
SW Oklahoma State 041  262
  • + Conference co-champions
1935 Smoky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Cumberland (TN) $500  730
Carson–Newman 610  730
Appalachian State 320  522
East Tennessee State Teachers 430  530
Maryville 221  451
Milligan 231  251
King 131  252
Tusculum 051  251
Western Carolina 040  1100
  • $ Conference champion
1935 South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Spearfish +500  800
Augustana (SD) +500  720
Huron 510  520
Southern Normal 320  330
Sioux Falls 330  440
Dakota Wesleyan 230  340
Yankton 230  350
Northern State 150  260
Eastern Normal 040  050
South Dakota Mines 050  060
  • + Conference co-champions
1935 Southern California Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Whittier $410  550
Redlands 311  711
Santa Barbara State 221  522
San Diego State 221  341
Occidental 121  332
La Verne 040  361
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Southwestern Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Texas College $501  901
Wiley 303  803
Bishop 321  721
Prairie View 114  434
Langston 132  232
Southern 141  171
Samuel Huston 150  160
  • $ Conference champion
1935 Texas Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Austin $402  722
McMurry 420  630
Howard Payne 313  523
Trinity (TX) 221  431
Daniel Baker 231  452
Abilene Christian 141  163
Southwestern (TX) 141  181
St. Edward's 141  351
Hardin–Simmons *200  631
  • $ Conference champion
  • * – did not compete for championship
1935 Tri-State Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Milton $500  600
Northwestern (WI) 311  421
Aurora 311  322
Wisconsin Mines 230  230
Wartburg 040  040
Mission House 040  070
  • $ Conference champion

Rankings

Dickinson System

The AP sportswriters' poll did not begin continuously until 1936. [8] (although, the first time was a one instance publishing in 1934 [9] ) Frank G. Dickinson, an economics professor at the University of Illinois, had invented the Dickinson System to rank colleges based upon their records and the strength of their opposition. The Rissman Trophy, and later the Rockne Memorial Trophy, was awarded to the winning university. [10]

In an AP story with the caption "Figure This Out!", the system was explained: "For each victory of a first division team over another first division team, the winner gets 30 points and the loser 15 points. For each tie between two first division teams, each team gets 12.5 points. For each victory of a first division team over a second division team, the first division winner gets 20 points and the second division loser 10 points. For each tie between two second division teams, each gets 15 points. For each tie between a non-division team and a second division team, the first division team gets 15 points and the second division team gets 20 points. Then, after each team has been given its quota of points its final "score" is tabulated by taking an average on the number of games played." [11]

Final Dickinson rankings

SMU, Minnesota, and Princeton were all unbeaten and untied at season's end. Based on the strength of its schedule, which included 12 games, SMU was ranked first. Professor Dickinson also had additional variables, based on the strength of the conferences, reported as follows: Big Ten (+3.78), SWC (+3.31), East (0.00), Pacific Coast (-0.11), SEC (-0.12), Big Six (-1.95) and Southern (-6.15) [12]

RankTeamRecordRating
1 SMU 12–028.01
2 Minnesota 8–027.35
3 Princeton 9–026.00
4 LSU 9–124.03
5 (t) California 9–123.11
5 (t) Stanford 7–123.11
7 Ohio State 7–122.21
8 TCU 11–122.01
9 Notre Dame 7–1–121.56
10 UCLA 8–221.25
11 Fordham 6–1–220.89

The United Press Sports Writers' Poll

The AP began the first weekly writers' poll in 1936 and the United Press (UP) did not begin a weekly poll until 1950. The UP did conduct a season's end poll in 1935. Writers from 112 papers were asked to vote for their Top Ten and then the choices were to be weighted, with 10 points for first, 9 points for second, etc. The results placed Minnesota first and SMU second [13]

RankingTeam
1 Minnesota
2 SMU
3 Princeton
4 TCU
5 Ohio State
6 Stanford
7 LSU
8 Notre Dame
9 California
10 Pittsburgh
11 Fordham
12 North Carolina
13 Duke
14 Holy Cross
15 Auburn
16 Northwestern
17 Alabama
18 (t) Army
18 (t) Iowa
18 (t) UCLA
21 (t) Nebraska
21 (t) Ohio
23 (t) Marquette
23 (t) Saint Mary's
23 (t) Washington
26 (t) Dartmouth
26 (t) NYU
26 (t) Temple

Bowl games

Bowl gameWinning teamLosing team
Rose Bowl No. 5 Stanford 7No. 1 SMU 0
Sugar Bowl No. 8 TCU 3No. 4 LSU 2
Orange Bowl Catholic University 20 Ole Miss 19
Sun Bowl Hardin–Simmons 14 New Mexico A&M 14

Rankings from the Dickinson System

The Rose Bowl matched unbeaten Southwest Conference champion SMU (12–0) against Pacific Coast Conference co-champion Stanford (7–1) before a crowd of 86,000. Stanford has lost the two previous Rose Bowls, falling to Columbia in the 1934 Rose Bowl and 1934 Alabama Crimson Tide football team the 1935 game. Determined not three-peat, the Stanford scored an early touchdown and held off the Mustangs to win 7–0.

In New Orleans, the second annual Sugar Bowl pitted TCU (11–1) against Southeastern Conference champion LSU (9–1) before a crowd of 38,000. TCU's Sammy Baugh was forced out of the end zone on a pass attempt, and the safety gave LSU a 2–0 lead. Two minutes later, Baugh drove the Frogs to the 17-yard line, setting up Taldon Malton's field goal. The final score was TCU 3, LSU 2 [14]

In Miami, the second annual Orange Bowl matched Ole Miss (9–2) against unheralded Catholic University (8–1). A crowd of 10,000 watched Catholic take an early lead and pull off a 20–19 upset. The Sun Bowl matched two colleges for the first time, as New Mexico A&M and Hardin–Simmons battled to a 14–14 tie.

Awards and honors

All-Americans

Statistical leaders

Heisman Trophy

1935 was the first year that the Heisman Trophy was ever awarded, although it was named differently in the first year. In 1935, it was presented by the Downtown Athletic Club (DAC) in Manhattan, New York, a privately owned recreation facility near the site of the former World Trade Center. It was first known simply as the "DAC Trophy" for this inaugural year. The first winner, Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago, was drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team. In 1936, John Heisman died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award was the first man to win it officially named as the "Heisman Trophy." [15]

See also

Related Research Articles

The 1966 University Division football season was marked by some controversy as the year of "The Tie", a famous 10–10 game between the two top-ranked teams, Michigan State and Notre Dame on November 19. Both teams were crowned national champions by various organizations after the regular season concluded, and neither participated in bowl game. Alabama finished the regular season undefeated and was third in the AP poll, while Georgia was fourth. Alabama went on to win the Sugar Bowl in dominant fashion. During the 20th century, the NCAA had no playoff for the major college football teams in the University Division, later known as Division I-A.

The 1969 NCAA University Division football season was celebrated as the centennial of college football.

The 1959 NCAA University Division football season saw Syracuse University crowned as the national champion by both final polls, the AP writers poll and the UPI coaches polls.

The 1976 NCAA Division I football season ended with a championship for the Panthers of the University of Pittsburgh. Led by head coach Johnny Majors, the Pitt Panthers brought a college football championship to the home of the defending pro football champions, the Steelers. Pitt also had the Heisman Trophy winner, Tony Dorsett; the Panthers had been ranked ninth in the preseason AP poll.

1927 college football season

The 1927 college football season ended with the Illini of the University of Illinois (7–0–1) being recognized as champion under the Dickinson System. At season's end, the Rissler Cup was awarded to the team that finished first in the "Dickinson ratings", which considered strength of schedule, in that a win, loss or tie against a "strong" opponent was worth more than one against a lesser team, and the results were averaged.

The 1928 football season have both the USC Trojans and the Georgia Tech Golden Tornado claim national championships. USC was recognized as champions under the Dickinson System, but the Rose Bowl was contested between the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, California and Georgia Tech. The game was decided by a safety scored after Roy "Wrong Way" Riegels ran 65 yards in the wrong direction. Vance Maree blocked the ensuing punt which gave Georgia Tech a safety deciding the 8–7 win.

The 1929 college football season saw a number of unbeaten and untied teams. Purdue, Tulane, Notre Dame and Pittsburgh all finished the regular season with wins over all their opponents. Notre Dame was recognized as national champion under the Dickinson System and by a United Press writer while Pitt was considered a national champion by several others due to Pitt possessing a greater scoring differential over the two teams' only common regular season opponent. Following the season, Pitt traveled to Pasadena to meet USC in the Rose Bowl, at that time the only postseason college football game and held between the perceived best teams of east and west. Despite Pitt's losing 47–14 to the Trojans, as bowls were still considered exhibitions by many, college football historian Parke H. Davis, whose national championship selections are recognized by the official NCAA records book, named the Panthers as that season's national champion while several other retroactive selectors recognized by the NCAA records book have selected Notre Dame. Both Notre Dame and Pitt claim a national championship for the 1929 season and both are recognized in the NCAA Records Book and by College Football Data Warehouse.

The 1931 college football season saw the USC Trojans win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Rockne, who had coached Notre Dame to a championship in 1930, had been killed in a plane crash on March 31, 1931. For the first time, the champion under the Dickinson system also played in a postseason game. The Rose Bowl, promoted as an unofficial championship matchup between the best teams of East and West, matched USC and Tulane, No. 1 and No. 2 in the Dickinson ratings. USC won, 21–12. Also for 1931, historian Parke Davis, through research, selected Pittsburgh and Purdue as National Champions and these selections, along with USC, are all recognized by the official NCAA records book. Both USC and Pitt claim national championships for 1931, and both are recognized by College Football Data Warehouse.

1932 college football season

The 1932 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Because the "Big Nine" conference didn't permit its teams to play in the postseason, however, the Wolverines were not able to accept a bid to the Rose Bowl. As such, the Pasadena game matched the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, USC and Pittsburgh, with the USC Trojans winning the East-West matchup 35–0.

The 1933 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines repeat as winners of the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System.

The 1934 college football season was the 66th season of college football in the United States. Two New Year's Day bowl games were initiated to rival the Rose Bowl Game. On February 15, Warren V. Miller and Joseph M. Cousins organized the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association and by October, the group had enough funds to sponsor the Sugar Bowl. Meanwhile, W. Keith Phillips and the Greater Miami Athletic Club worked in November at a January 1 game for Florida, and the Orange Bowl was created.

The 1936 college football season was the first in which the Associated Press writers' poll selected a national champion. The first AP poll, taken of 35 writers, was released on October 20, 1936. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. In the first poll, Minnesota received 32 first place votes, and 3 votes for an additional 25 points, for a total of 345 altogether.

1924 college football season

The 1924 college football season was the year of the Four Horsemen as the Notre Dame team, coached by Knute Rockne, won all of its games, including the Rose Bowl, to be acclaimed as the best team in the nation. Notre Dame and Stanford were both unbeaten at season's end, with the Fighting Irish winning the Rose Bowl contest 27–10. The Penn Quakers were retroactively awarded a national championship by Parke H. Davis.

The 1956 NCAA University Division football season saw the University of Oklahoma Sooners finish a third consecutive season unbeaten and untied to again win the national championship.

The 1953 college football season finished with the Maryland Terrapins capturing the AP, INS, and UPI national championship after Notre Dame held the top spot for the first nine weeks. The No. 4 Oklahoma Sooners defeated Maryland in the Orange Bowl, but there was no further polling after the November 30 results were released. However, Notre Dame was selected as the National Champions by 10 other polls and the Oklahoma Sooners received first in two polls. However, despite the team receiving National Championship rings, the University of Notre Dame does not recognize this title due to their policy of only recognizing AP or coaches' poll titles during the polling era (1936–present). Maryland was also the first champion of the Atlantic Coast Conference, which had been formed earlier in 1953 by seven colleges formerly with the Southern Conference. The year 1953 also saw the Michigan State Spartans, previously an independent, join the Big Nine Conference, which then became the Big Ten; MSU won the conference title in that first year and was the conference representative to the Rose Bowl, which it won 28–20 over UCLA.

The 1947 college football season finished with Notre Dame, Michigan and Penn State all unbeaten and untied, but the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame were the first place choice for 107 of the 142 voters in the AP Poll, and repeated as national champions. Michigan went on to meet USC in the Rose Bowl and won 49–0, while Penn State was tied 13–13 by SMU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and Notre Dame didn't participate in the postseason. An unofficial post bowl AP poll was conducted with Michigan and Notre Dame as the only options and Michigan won by a vote of 226 to 119.

The 1937 college football season ended with the Panthers of the University of Pittsburgh being named the nation's No. 1 team by 30 of the 33 voters in the Associated Press writers' poll. The AP poll was in its second year, and seven votes were taken during the final weeks of the 1937 season, starting with October 18. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. With 33 writers polled, Pitt received 30 first place votes and 3 second-place, for a total of 327 points.

The 1938 college football season ended with the Horned Frogs of Texas Christian University (TCU) being named the nation's No. 1 team by 55 of the 77 voters in the final Associated Press writers' poll in early December. Tennessee is also recognized as a national champion; both teams won every game.

The 1939 college football season concluded with the Aggies of The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas being named as the national champions by the voters in the Associated Press writers' poll.

The 1941 college football regular season was the 73rd season of intercollegiate football in the United States. Competition included schools from the Big Ten Conference, the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), the Southeastern Conference (SEC), the Big Six Conference, the Southern Conference, the Southwestern Conference, and numerous smaller conferences and independent programs.

References

  1. Mark Purcell http://library.la84.org/SportsLibrary/CFHSN/CFHSNv05/CFHSNv05n3c.pdf Archived 2016-09-11 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Purdue Hands Fordham Humiliating Defeat at Polo Grounds", Syracuse Herald, Oct. 13, 1935, pB-2
  3. Grantland Rice, "'Fighting Irish' Rally To Win 18–13 Victory", from Syracuse Herald, Nov. 3, 1935, pII-1
  4. "This Day in Buckeye History"
  5. "Lowly Wildcats Crush Mighty Notre Dame", Fresno Bee, Nov. 10, 1935, pIII-1.
  6. "Madison Square Garden Missed This Fistic Event", Syracuse Herald, November 29, 1935, p34
  7. "1935 Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association Year Summary". SR/College Football. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  8. http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/seasons.cfm?seasonid=1936 Archived April 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  9. http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/research/1934-11-15_poll.cfm Archived February 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  10. Herschel Nissenson Tales From College Football's Sidelines (Sports Publishing LLC, 2001), p93.
  11. "Grid Season Put In Hands 'Brain Trust'", The Evening Tribune (Albert Lea, Minn.) Nov. 27, 1934, p12
  12. "Dickinson System Rates Mustangs Champions of U.S.." Alton (Ill.) Evening Telegraph Dec. 10, 1935, p10
  13. "Minnesota Voted Nation's Greatest Football Team", Dunkirk (N.Y.) Evening Observer, Dec. 12, 1935, p14
  14. "Manton's Kick Gives T.C.U. 3 To 2 Win", Oakland Tribune, January 2, 1936, pB-1
  15. "Heisman Trophy". heisman.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2008. Retrieved 2015-12-03.