|Arkansas's 3rd congressional district|
|Area||8,661 sq mi (22,430 km2)|
Arkansas's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The district covers Northwest Arkansas and takes in Bentonville, Fayetteville, Springdale and Fort Smith.
A congressional district is an electoral constituency that elects a single member of a congress. Countries with congressional districts include the United States, the Philippines, and Japan. A congressional district is based on population, which, in the United States, is taken using a census every ten years.
Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.
Bentonville is the ninth-largest city in Arkansas, United States and the county seat of Benton County. The city is centrally located in the county with Rogers adjacent to the east. The city is the birthplace and world headquarters of Walmart, the world's largest retailer. It is one of the four main cities in the four-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is ranked 109th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 residents in 2010, according to the United States Census Bureau. The city itself had a population of 35,301 at the 2010 Census, with an estimated population of 49,298 in 2017.
The district is represented by Republican Steve Womack, who succeeded fellow Republican and now U.S. Senator John Boozman.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Stephen Allen Womack is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for Arkansas's 3rd congressional district since 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party. Prior to his election to Congress, Womack was mayor of Rogers, Arkansas.
John Nichols Boozman is the senior United States Senator for Arkansas, and a member of the Republican Party. He served as the United States Representative for Arkansas's 3rd congressional district from 2001 to 2011.
Wal-Mart's corporate headquarters are located in this district in Bentonville. The University of Arkansas is located in Fayetteville. Springdale is the home of Tyson Foods.
The University of Arkansas is a public land-grant, research university in Fayetteville, Arkansas. It is the flagship campus of the University of Arkansas System and the largest, best-known university in the state. Founded as Arkansas Industrial University in 1871, its present name was adopted in 1899 and classes were first held on January 22, 1872. It is noted for its strong architecture, agriculture, business, communication disorders, creative writing, history, law, and Middle Eastern studies programs.
Tyson Foods, Inc. is an American multinational corporation based in Springdale, Arkansas, that operates in the food industry. The company is the world's second largest processor and marketer of chicken, beef, and pork after JBS S.A. and annually exports the largest percentage of beef out of the United States. Together with its subsidiaries, it operates major food brands, including Jimmy Dean, Hillshire Farm, Sara Lee, Ball Park, Wright Brand, Aidells, and State Fair. Tyson Foods ranked No. 80 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
It is the most Republican district in the state. The seat has been in Republican hands continuously since the election of John Paul Hammerschmidt in 1966. George W. Bush received 62% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain swept the district in 2008 with 64.16% of the vote while Barack Obama received 33.45% of the vote. It was McCain's best and Obama's worst performance in Arkansas.
John Paul Hammerschmidt was an American politician from the state of Arkansas. A Republican, Hammerschmidt served for thirteen terms in the United States House of Representatives for Arkansas' 3rd congressional district based in the northwestern quadrant of his state. He served from 1967 until his retirement in 1993.
George Walker Bush is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009. He had previously served as the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.
John Sidney McCain III was an American politician and military officer who served as a United States senator from Arizona from January 1987 until his death. He previously served two terms in the United States House of Representatives and was the Republican nominee for president of the United States in the 2008 election, which he lost to Barack Obama.
|Election results from statewide races|
|2016||President||Trump 62 - 31%|
|2012||President||Romney 66 - 32%|
|2008||President||McCain 64 - 34%|
|2004||President||Bush 62 - 36%|
|2000||President||Bush 60 - 37%|
|Civil War and Reconstruction|
|Republican||June 22, 1868 – March 3, 1871|| 40th |
|Liberal Republican||March 4, 1871 – February 9, 1872||42nd||Lost contested election|
|Republican||February 9, 1872 – March 3, 1873||42nd||Won contested election|
|Republican||March 4, 1873 – June 16, 1874||43rd||Lost contested election|
|Democratic||June 16, 1874 – March 3, 1875||43rd||Won contested election, Redistricted to the 4th district|
|Democratic||March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877||44th|
|Independent Democrat||March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1879||45th|
|Democratic||March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1883|| 46th |
|Democratic||March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885||48th||Redistricted to the 4th district|
|March 4, 1885 – December 7, 1885|
|Democratic||December 7, 1885 – March 3, 1903|| 49th |
|Elected after James K. Jones resigned after being elected to the US Senate|
|Democratic||March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1905||58th||Redistricted from the 5th district|
|Democratic||March 4, 1905 – March 3, 1915|| 59th |
|Democratic||March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1929|| 64th |
|Democratic||March 4, 1929 – January 3, 1939|| 71st |
|Clyde T. Ellis||Democratic||January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1943|| 76th |
|Democratic||January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1945||78th||Retired after being elected to the US Senate|
|Democratic||January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1967|| 79th |
|Republican||January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1993|| 90th |
|Republican||January 3, 1993 – January 2, 1997|| 103rd |
|Retired after being elected to the US Senate|
|January 2, 1997 – January 3, 1997|
|Republican||January 3, 1997 – August 6, 2001|| 105th |
|Resigned after being appointed Director of the Drug Enforcement Administration|
|August 6, 2001 – November 20, 2001|
|Republican||November 20, 2001 – January 3, 2011|| 107th |
|Retired after being elected to the US Senate|
|Republican||January 3, 2011 – present|| 112th |
|Write-in||George N. Lyne||1,577||1.10%|
|Green||Abel Noah Tomlinson||58,850||21.47%|
|Republican||Steve Womack (incumbent)||148,717||64.7|
As of April 2015 [update] , there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 3rd congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was John Paul Hammerschmidt (served 1967-1993) on April 1, 2015.
All three former members listed went on to become either the Governor or a U.S. Senator.
|Representative||Term in office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Tim Hutchinson||1993–1997||August 11, 1949|
|Asa Hutchinson||1997–2001||December 3, 1950|
|John Boozman||2001–2011||December 10, 1950|
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