John Riggins

Last updated

John Riggins
John Riggins.jpg
No. 44
Position: Halfback,
Fullback
Personal information
Born: (1949-08-04) August 4, 1949 (age 72)
Seneca, Kansas
Height:6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Weight:230 lb (104 kg)
Career information
High school: Centralia (Centralia, Kansas)
College: Kansas
NFL Draft: 1971  / Round: 1 / Pick: 6
Career history
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Rushing yards:11,352
Rushing average:3.9
Rushing touchdowns:104
Player stats at NFL.com  ·  PFR

Robert John Riggins (born August 4, 1949), nicknamed "Riggo" and "Diesel", is an American former professional football player who was a fullback in the National Football League (NFL) for the New York Jets and Washington Redskins. He played college football for the Kansas Jayhawks. He was known for his powerful running style and productivity well into the latter years of his career: in 1983 at age 34, he rushed for an NFL single-season record 24 touchdowns and again led the league in rushing touchdowns the following year at age 35. Although he earned only one Pro Bowl appearance in his career, Riggins had his greatest success in the postseason and was named the Most Valuable Player of Super Bowl XVII where he scored one touchdown and rushed for 166 yards in a 27–17 win for the Washington Redskins over the Miami Dolphins. Riggins was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1992.

Contents

Early life

Riggins was born in Seneca, Kansas, of partial Czech [1] ancestry and attended Centralia High School in Centralia, Kansas. While there, he was a three-sport athlete, earning high school All-American recognition in football, all-state honors in basketball and twice winning the Class B 100-yard dash state title. [2]

Riggins' high school is now located on John Riggins Avenue, which runs through a main part of Centralia. [3]

On October 12, 2012, John with his brothers Frank (Junior) and Bill Riggins were on hand to dedicate the Centralia High School football field renaming it Riggins Field in honoring their parents, Franklin Eugene and Mildred Riggins. The Pro Football Hall of Fame dedicated a plaque and NFL Films was there to film the event. The Riggins brothers took center field for the opening coin toss and the Centralia High School Panthers went on to beat the Troy (Kansas) High School Trojans with a final score of 55–0. [4] [5]

College career

Riggins attended the University of Kansas and played for the Jayhawks, where he was an All-American [6] and two-time All-Big Eight Conference first-team selection. [2] Riggins led the Jayhawks to a Big Eight Conference championship win in 1968. [7] The team then went to the 1969 Orange Bowl, which they lost to Penn State, 15–14. [2]

During his senior season in 1970, Riggins rushed for 1,131 yards and scored a then school-record 14 touchdowns. [2] He finished his career with 2,659 rushing yards, [2] which broke Gale Sayers's career rushing record for the school [6] Riggins is now ranked fifth for Kansas' all-time rushing leaders and 14th for total yards. [8]

While at Kansas, Riggins majored in journalism. [9]

Professional career

New York Jets

Riggins was the first running back selected in the 1971 NFL Draft at 6th in the first round by the New York Jets. [10] [11] As a rookie he became the first Jet to lead the team in both rushing and receiving. [12] On October 15, 1972, the Jets set a team-record of 333 rushing yards against the New England Patriots, beating them 41–13. [13] Riggins, who had 168 yards, and Emerson Boozer, who had 150 yards, became the only running back tandem in franchise history who both rushed for 150 yards in a game. [13] Although he missed the final two games in 1972 because of knee surgery, Riggins rushed for 944 yards, four yards less than Matt Snell's franchise record. [12]

Riggins was among the top ten rushers in the American Football Conference in 1974 despite missing four games with a shoulder injury. [12] After only four years with the Jets, he was already the fourth-leading rusher in team history with 2,875 yards. [12] In 1975, Riggins became the first player in franchise history to rush for 1,000 or more yards in a season. [14] On December 21, 1975, he ran for 121 yards against the Dallas Cowboys which gave him 1,005 for the season. [14] In what turned out to be his last season with the Jets, Riggins made his only appearance in the Pro Bowl. [6]

Riggins was named the Jets' MVP (now known as the Martin Award) in 1972 and 1975. [15]

Washington Redskins

In 1976, Riggins signed as a free agent with the Washington Redskins, [6] who offered him a five-year, $1.5 million contract, compared to the $63,000 he earned in his final year with the Jets. [16] He was used mostly in short-yardage situations in his first season with Washington and missed much of the 1977 season with a knee injury. [16] However, he gained more than 1,000 yards each of the next two seasons and was a major part of the Redskins' offense. [16]

Contract dispute

During training camp in July 1980, Riggins requested to renegotiate his $300,000-per-year contract and the Redskins refused. [17] He then chose to leave camp and the Redskins placed him on the left camp-retired list, a move that made him ineligible to play for any other team in the league. [17] Riggins sat out the 1980 season [6] and did not rejoin the Redskins until 1981, when new Washington head coach Joe Gibbs traveled to Kansas to make a peace offering. [18]

"He had a camouflage outfit on", Gibbs recalled.

He had been hunting, him and a buddy. He had a beer can in his hand. It was 10 o'clock in the morning and he's meeting his coach for the first time and I'm thinking [sarcastically], 'This guy really impresses me.' But I went in there, and halfway through the conversation he says, 'You need to get me back there. I'll make you famous. [18] I thought to myself, 'Oh, my God, he's an egomaniac.' I thought, 'I'll get him back and then I'll trade him. I'm not putting up with a fruitcake.' So I fly back to Washington, and two days later he calls me. He says, 'Joe, I made up my mind, and I'm going to play next season.' I thought it was great. I've got him back, and I'll trade that sucker. But then he says, 'There's only one thing I want in my contract.' I ask what it was. He says, 'A no-trade clause.' [18]

Riggins' return also came at the suggestion of Ed Garvey, who was the executive director of the NFL Players Association. [17]

Eleven months after he left, Riggins returned to training camp in 1981 with a new contract, [16] telling the media "I'm bored, I'm broke, and I'm back." [17]

Return to the Redskins

Upon Riggins' return in 1981, he managed just 714 rushing yards but scored 13 touchdowns. [16]

During the strike-shortened 1982 season, Riggins led the team with 553 rushing yards, but averaged just 3.1 yards per carry. [16] He was much more successful during the playoffs, during which he gained 444 yards in victories over the Detroit Lions, Minnesota Vikings (where he had a franchise playoff record 185 yards), and Dallas Cowboys, and helped the Redskins reach Super Bowl XVII. [16] Riggins rushed for a then-Super Bowl record 166 yards on 38 carries as the Redskins beat the Miami Dolphins 27–17. [6] He was then named Super Bowl MVP. [6]

A play that was designed for gaining short yardage called "70 chip" turned out to be the key play of the game. With 10 minutes remaining, Riggins took a handoff on 4th-and-inches, stiffarmed cornerback Don McNeal and ran for a 43-yard touchdown. [19] The Super Bowl win was the Redskins' first championship victory since 1942. [20] Riggins' total of 610 yards amounted to 43 percent of Washington's offense in the four playoff games. [16] His four consecutive playoff games with over 100 yards was an NFL postseason record. [20] On December 6, 2007, Riggins' run was voted by fans as the Redskins' Greatest Moment. [21]

The 610 rushing yards and 625 yards from scrimmage he gained in the 1982 playoffs are both single NFL postseason records.

In 1983, Riggins rushed for 1,347 yards, scored a then-NFL record 24 touchdowns, won the Bert Bell Award, [16] and was named All-Pro for the first time in his career. [6] Riggins went on to have another outstanding postseason, rushing for 242 yards and five touchdowns in their two playoff games, extending his NFL record of postseason games with at least 100 rushing yards to six. [6] However, he only rushed for 64 yards and a touchdown in the Redskins' 38–9 Super Bowl XVIII loss against the Los Angeles Raiders. [22]

Two other career milestones happened in the 1983 season for Riggins. On November 20, 1983, he set an NFL record by scoring in his 12th consecutive game during a 42–20 win over the Los Angeles Rams. His record would end at 13 consecutive games the following week. [23] Then on December 17, 1983, Mark Moseley set an NFL kicking record by scoring 161 points in a season, which also made him the league leader in scoring that season. Riggins, who scored 144 points, was second on the season scoring list. This was the first time since 1951 that the top two scorers in a season played on the same team. [23]

Riggins gained 1,239 yards in 1984 and tied for the league lead in rushing TDs (14), despite a bad back. [16] In 1985, he rushed for more than 100 yards in three of his last four starts before being replaced by George Rogers as the starter. [16] He retired after that season.

Riggins played 175 games in 14 seasons, had 13,442 total yards (11,352 rushing and 2,090 receiving) and 116 total touchdowns (104 rushing and 12 receiving). [6] Riggins rushed over 1,000 yards five times in his career and over 100 yards in 35 games, including a then-record six in post-season. He rushed 251 times for 996 yards in the playoffs. He also had 12 touchdowns in nine post-season contests, good for fourth all-time tied with Terrell Davis and Marshawn Lynch. [24] [6] He was the second player ever to rush for over 100 touchdowns in NFL history, and the first to do it since Jim Brown reached the milestone in 1965. [25]

NFL records

Honors

On October 21, 1990, Riggins and Joe Theismann were inducted into the Redskins' Ring of Fame. As Riggins' name was called, he ran onto the field in full Redskins uniform, including pads, and was received by the crowd at RFK Stadium with thunderous applause. Riggins later explained that he "just had to hear [the roar of the crowd] one more time". [26]

In 1992, he was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

On October 13, 2007, Riggins was inducted into the University of Kansas' Ring of Honor at Memorial Stadium. [2]

After football

Acting

In 1994, he began acting lessons and has since starred in off-off-Broadway productions of the plays Gillette and A Midsummer Night's Dream (in which he played Bottom). [27] His television credits include Guiding Light , Law & Order: Criminal Intent and One Tree Hill . [9]

Riggins' acting career began at Centralia High when a teacher cast him as the lead role in his junior play. [9] His career as a professional actor started in 1992 when he appeared in "Illegal Motion" at the Olney Theatre Center for the Arts. [9] He starred as a beleaguered head football coach accused of inappropriate recruiting practices.

Commentating

Since retiring from professional football, Riggins has worked as a sports commentator on television and radio.

In 1998, John and Chris Russo hosted Riggins and Russo on Sundays during the football season. The show was aired on WCBS-TV in New York City, focusing primarily on the Jets' and Giants' upcoming games.

Since 2006, Riggins has served as color commentator on Westwood One for the network's weekly national radio broadcast of Sunday Night Football . [28]

On July 18, 2006, Triple X ESPN Radio was launched with Riggins hosting The John Riggins Show. [29] Riggins could be heard in the Washington, D.C. area weekdays from 4-7pm on 94.3 FM, 92.7 FM & 730 AM, WXGI 950 AM in Richmond, Virginia and WXTG-FM 102.1 FM in Virginia Beach, Virginia and WXTG (AM) 1490 in Hampton, Virginia. [29] The last show of the series aired on its second anniversary, July 18, 2008. With the merger of Triple X into WTEM to form ESPN 980, Riggins' afternoon show was replaced by WTEM's afternoon drive show, The Sports Reporters. Riggins stayed with ESPN 980 as a commentator at large.

On January 3, 2008, Riggins co-hosted the 74th Orange Bowl pre-game show. That same night, the Kansas Jayhawks defeated the Virginia Tech Hokies 24–21. It came 39 years after Riggins and the Jayhawks last played in the game in 1969. He offered congratulations to his Alma Mater in his closing comments, saying "The KU ship's been out at sea since '48. It finally came to port tonight!"

In September 2008 it was announced that Riggins would co-host the program "Sirius Blitz" with Adam Schein on Satellite Radio Stations Sirius 124 and XM 105. Following his involvement with "Sirius Blitz" Riggins began hosting his own show, The John Riggins Show, which simulcasts on television and radio on MASN-TV and WTOP-HD3, which airs each weekday afternoon. Riggins has been critical on his radio shows of the current management of the Washington Redskins under owner Dan Snyder.

Previously, he had been a panelist on Redskins Report until that show was canceled in December 2008 due to budget cuts. [30]

In 2016, Riggins returned to ESPN 980 Redskins radio in a variety of roles. Weekly appearances consisted of a one-hour appearance on Tuesdays with Bram Weinstein, a Thursday appearance on moving drive with Kevin Sheehan & Chris Cooley and a Friday appearance on Inside The Locker Room with Doc Walker, Brian Mitchell and Scott Jackson. Additionally, Riggins co-hosted the Washington Redskins Radio Network pregame show with Kevin Sheehan before every Redskins game.

Personal life

Riggins dressed as Santa Claus at the White House with Nancy Reagan in 1984 John Riggins as Santa and Nancy Reagan unveil Christmas decorations at White House 1984, photo 15.jpg
Riggins dressed as Santa Claus at the White House with Nancy Reagan in 1984

Riggins has been married twice and has six children Robert, Portia, Emil, Liberty, Hannah and Coco. [9] He now resides in Cabin John, Maryland near the Potomac River with his wife Lisa Marie. [31]

It was at the 1985 National Press Club's Salute to Congress that Riggins drunkenly told Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor to "loosen up, Sandy baby" because she was "too uptight" when the two met at dinner. [32] Riggins then fell asleep under the table. [33] The next time Justice O'Connor and John Riggins met at a function years later, he gave her a dozen roses. [34]

Related Research Articles

Super Bowl XVII 1983 Edition of the Super Bowl

Super Bowl XVII was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Miami Dolphins and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Washington Redskins to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the strike-shortened 1982 season. The Redskins defeated the Dolphins 27–17 to win their first Super Bowl championship. The game was played on January 30, 1983 at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California.

Super Bowl XVIII 1984 edition of the Super Bowl

Super Bowl XVIII was an American football game played on January 22, 1984, at Tampa Stadium between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion and defending Super Bowl XVII champion Washington Redskins and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Los Angeles Raiders to determine the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1983 season. The Raiders defeated the Redskins, 38–9. The Raiders' 38 points scored and 29-point margin of victory broke Super Bowl records; it remains the most points scored by an AFC team in a Super Bowl. This was the first time the city of Tampa hosted the Super Bowl and was the AFC's last Super Bowl win until Super Bowl XXXII, won by the Denver Broncos.

Washington Commanders American football team based in the Washington, D.C. area

The Washington Commanders are a professional American football team based in the Washington metropolitan area. The Commanders compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) East division. The team plays its home games at FedExField in Landover, Maryland; its headquarters and training facility are in Ashburn, Virginia. The team has played more than 1,000 games and is one of only five in the NFL with more than 600 total wins. It was the first NFL franchise with a marching band and a fight song, "Hail to the Redskins". The franchise was valued by Forbes in 2021 at roughly US$4.2 billion, making it the league's fifth-most valuable team.

Barry Sanders American football player (born 1968)

Barry David Sanders is an American former professional football player who was a running back in the National Football League (NFL), from 1989 to 1998 for the Detroit Lions. Sanders led the league in rushing yards four times and in rushing touchdowns once, establishing himself as one of the most elusive runners in the history of the NFL with his quickness and agility, despite only having a height of 5 ft 8 in and weighing 203 lbs. Sanders played college football for the Oklahoma State Cowboys, where as a junior in 1988, compiled what is considered one of the greatest individual seasons in college football history, rushing for 2,850 yards and 42 touchdowns in 12 games. He was awarded the Heisman Trophy and was unanimously recognized as an All-American.

Terrell Davis American football player (born 1972)

Terrell Lamar Davis ,is a former American football player who played as a running back for the Denver Broncos of the National Football League from 1995 to 2001. He is the Denver Broncos all-time leading rusher and still holds the record for most postseason single-season touchdowns (8) which he achieved in 1997. He is also credited with starting the “Mile High Salute”; a celebratory tradition among Denver Broncos players after scoring a touchdown. Davis was elected into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2017.

Rich Gannon American football player (born 1965)

Richard Joseph Gannon is a former American football quarterback who played eighteen seasons in the National Football League (NFL). Subsequently, he was a sports commentator with CBS Sports for sixteen years.

Marcus Allen American football player and analyst (born 1960)

Marcus LeMarr Allen is a former American football running back, analyst and actor who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 16 seasons, primarily with the Los Angeles Raiders. Considered one of the greatest goal line and short-yard runners in NFL history, he was selected 10th overall by the Raiders in the 1982 NFL Draft, following a successful college football career at USC. He was a member of the Raiders for 11 seasons and spent his last five seasons with the Kansas City Chiefs.

Roger Craig (American football) American football player (born 1960)

Roger Timothy Craig is an American former football player who was a running back in the National Football League (NFL). He played for the San Francisco 49ers, Los Angeles Raiders and Minnesota Vikings. Craig went to four Pro Bowls and won three Super Bowls with the 49ers. Craig was the first NFL player to have 1,000 yards rushing and receiving in the same season. Marshall Faulk and Christian McCaffrey are the only other players to have accomplished that feat. He currently works as the VP of Business Development at TIBCO Software.

Clinton Portis American football player (born 1981)

Clinton Earl Portis is an American former professional football player who was a running back in the National Football League (NFL) for nine seasons. He played college football for the Miami Hurricanes. He was drafted by the Denver Broncos in the second round of the 2002 NFL Draft. Portis was best known for being the starting running back for the Washington Redskins for seven seasons, in which he gained an average of 81.2 yards rushing per game, for which a select panel of celebrities included him as one of the 80 Greatest Redskins.

Alex Smith American football player (born 1984)

Alexander Douglas Smith is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 16 seasons. He played college football at Utah, where he received first-team All-American honors and won the 2005 Fiesta Bowl. Following his collegiate success, he was selected first overall by the San Francisco 49ers in the 2005 NFL Draft.

1982–83 NFL playoffs Seasonal NFL playoffs

The National Football League playoffs for the 1982 season began on January 8, 1983. The postseason tournament concluded with the Washington Redskins defeating the Miami Dolphins in Super Bowl XVII, 27–17, on January 30, at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California.

Jim Zorn American football player and coach (born 1953)

James Arthur Zorn is a former American football player and coach. Zorn was a left-handed quarterback, and is best known as the starting quarterback of the Seattle Seahawks for their first eight seasons. He was the quarterback coach for the Seattle Seahawks from 2001 until the 2007 season. Before the 2008 season Zorn was originally hired by the Washington Redskins to serve as offensive coordinator. Two weeks after being hired, he was promoted as the team's head coach.

Gary Clark (American football) American football player (born 1962)

Gary C. Clark is an American former professional football player who was a wide receiver in the National Football League (NFL) for the Washington Redskins (1985–92), Phoenix/Arizona Cardinals (1993–94), and Miami Dolphins (1995).

History of the Washington Commanders Sports team history

The Washington Commanders, an American football team belonging to the National Football League (NFL), were formerly known as the Boston Redskins and Washington Redskins. Founded in 1932, the team has won five professional American football championships including two NFL Championships and three Super Bowls. Washington has also captured 15 NFL divisional titles and five NFC championships. The Redskins branding used by the team from 1933 to 2019 was seen as pejorative by various Native American groups and was retired in 2020 due to pressure from several NFL and team sponsors as part of a wave of name changes in the wake of the George Floyd protests. The team played as the Washington Football Team for two seasons before rebranding as the Commanders in 2022.

Joe Dan Washington Jr is a former American football running back in the National Football League (NFL) for the San Diego Chargers, Baltimore Colts, Washington Redskins, and Atlanta Falcons.

Terrelle Pryor American football player (born 1989)

Terrelle Pryor Sr. is a former American football wide receiver and quarterback. Considered the most recruited high school football-basketball athlete in southwestern Pennsylvania since Tom Clements, Pryor was widely regarded as the nation's top football prospect of 2008 and was named "Junior of the Year" by Rivals.com. Pryor had originally hoped to be a two-sport athlete, as he was also one of the nation's most recruited high school basketball players, but he later chose football.

Otis Wonsley is a former American football running back who played for the Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Alcorn State University and was drafted in the ninth round of the 1980 NFL Draft.

1982 Washington Redskins season NFL team season (won Super Bowl)

The 1982 Washington Redskins season was the franchise's 51st season in the National Football League (NFL) and their 46th in Washington, D.C. Although the Redskins lost all their preseason games, they were to advance from an 8–8 record the previous season to become the only 2 teams in NFL history to win the Super Bowl after not winning a pre-season game. Only the 1990 Buffalo Bills and the 2000 New York Giants have since made it to the Super Bowl after a winless pre-season.

The 2012 NFL season was the 93rd season of the National Football League and the 47th of the Super Bowl era. It began on Wednesday, September 5, 2012, with the defending Super Bowl XLVI champion New York Giants falling to the Dallas Cowboys in the 2012 NFL Kickoff game at MetLife Stadium, and ended with Super Bowl XLVII, the league's championship game, on Sunday, February 3, 2013, at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, with the Jim Harbaugh-coached San Francisco 49ers facing the John Harbaugh-coached Baltimore Ravens. The Ravens won the game, which marked the first time two brothers were head coaches for opposing teams in the championship game.

Chris Ivory American football player (born 1988)

Christopher Lee Ivory is a former American football running back. He was signed by the New Orleans Saints as an undrafted free agent in 2010 and also played for the New York Jets, Jacksonville Jaguars, and Buffalo Bills. He played college football at Washington State and Tiffin.

References

  1. Allen, Scott (December 9, 2015). "Loosen up with Redskins legend John Riggins's new beer". Washington Post. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Jayhawks to induct Riggins into Ring of Honor". Capital-Journal. Archived from the original on August 5, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  3. "Centralia is town full of pride". Capital-Journal. Retrieved June 20, 2008.[ dead link ]
  4. "Centralia & NFL to honor John Riggins Friday in Centralia". Marysville Advocate. Retrieved October 12, 2012.
  5. "Kansas Prep Zone". WIBW video. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "John Riggins' HOF Profile". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  7. "Focused Jayhawks plan to remain a Big 12 contender". ESPN. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  8. "John Riggins' Bio". KU Sports. Archived from the original on March 5, 2008. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 "Riggins lands soap gig". LJWorld. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
  10. Wallace, William N. "Patriots Choose Plunkett as No. 1 in College Draft, Spurning Trade Offers," The New York Times, Friday, January 29, 1971. Retrieved November 2, 2020
  11. 1971 NFL Draft Pick Transactions, January 28 (Rounds 17) & 29 (Rounds 817) Pro Sports Transactions. Retrieved November 2, 2020
  12. 1 2 3 4 "John Riggins' Profile". New York Jets. Archived from the original on June 13, 2008. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
  13. 1 2 "History of the New York Jets: 1972". New York Jets. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
  14. 1 2 "History of the New York Jets: 1975". New York Jets. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
  15. "New York Jets Team Awards". New York Jets. Archived from the original on December 24, 2007. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Biography – John Riggins". Hickok Sports. Archived from the original on December 10, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
  17. 1 2 3 4 "Riggins Returns to Redskins". New York Times. June 12, 1981. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  18. 1 2 3 "The Redskins Book: Page 123". Washington Post. February 2, 1998. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  19. "Magic '70 Chip' Ends Four Decades of Trying". Washington Post. July 27, 1996. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  20. 1 2 "Super Bowl XVII MVP: John Riggins". NFL. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  21. "Riggins' Run Is Redskins' Greatest Moment". Washington Redskins. Archived from the original on January 31, 2008. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  22. "Raiders Dismantle Redskins, Records in Super Bowl, 38–9". Washington Post. July 23, 1998. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  23. 1 2 "Washington Redskins History: 1980s". Washington Redskins. Archived from the original on June 13, 2008. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
  24. "NFL Rushing Touchdowns Career Leaders". pro-football-reference.com. Pro Football Reference. February 11, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  25. Gay, Nancy (October 18, 2007). "Testaverde's comeback is one for the ageless". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  26. "One Last Hurrah". Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 24, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
  27. "'Sight Unseen' (Broadway) and 'A Midsummer Night's Dream' (Storm Theatre)". Broadway World. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
  28. "ABC, in its 'MNF' swan song, will be changing tunes weekly". USA Today. August 9, 2005. Retrieved June 26, 2008.
  29. 1 2 "Red Zebra Launches Triple X ESPN Radio". Washington Redskins. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved June 26, 2008.
  30. "Leonard Shapiro: Loss of Michael Is a Truly Deep Cut". The Washington Post. December 29, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  31. "Luxury Homes: March 2009 | Washingtonian (DC)".
  32. "DC Sports Bog". The Washington Post.
  33. "John Riggins and 'Loosen Up, Sandy' - The Washington Post".
  34. "Redskin Riggins' 1st Appearance On Stage Comes Up Roses". Chicago Tribune. July 12, 1992.