Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)

Last updated

Liberal Party of Australia
(Victorian Division)
Leader TBC [lower-alpha 1]
Deputy Leader David Southwick
President Greg Mirabella
Founded5 March 1945;77 years ago (5 March 1945) [lower-alpha 2]
Preceded by Victorian United Australia Party
Headquarters Emirates House, 257 Collins Street, Melbourne
Student wing Australian Liberal Students' Federation
Youth wing Young Liberals
Women's wing Liberal Women's Council
LGBT+ wing Liberal Pride
Membership (2020)c. 12,000 [1]
Ideology
Political position
National affiliation Federal Liberal
Coalition Liberal–National
Legislative Assembly
21 / 88
Legislative Council
10 / 40
House of Representatives
8 / 39
(Victorian seats)
Senate
4 / 12
(Victorian seats)
Website
vic.liberal.org.au

The Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division), branded as Liberal Victoria, [14] and commonly known as the Victorian Liberals, is the state division of the Liberal Party of Australia in Victoria. It was formed in 1949 as the Liberal and Country Party (LCP), and simplified its name to the Liberal Party in 1965. [15]

Contents

There was a previous Victorian division of the Liberal Party when the Liberal Party was formed in 1945, but it ceased to exist and merged to form the LCP in March 1949. [16]

History

Background

Robert Menzies, who was the Prime Minister of Australia between 1939 and 1941, founded the Liberal Party during a conference held in Canberra in October 1944, uniting many non-Labor political organisations, including the United Australia Party (UAP) and the Australian Women's National League (AWNL). [17]

The UAP was a major conservative party in Australia and last governed Victoria between May 1932 and April 1935 under Stanley Argyle's leadership. Argyle lost premiership when the UAP's coalition partner United Country Party led by Albert Dunstan broke off the coalition and formed a minority government with Labor's support. After Argyle's death in late 1941, Thomas Hollway became the leader of the UAP in Victoria. During his time as UAP leader, he was the Deputy Premier in the Dunstan coalition government since September 1943. [18]

The AWNL was a conservative women's organisation founded and originally based in Victoria, but had expanded across Australia since World War I. Its leaders included Dame Elizabeth Couchman and future senator Ivy Wedgwood, both of whom were from Victoria. During the October 1944 conference, the AWNL was recognised by Menzies as one of the long-standing non-Labor organisations in Victoria. [19]

The Liberal Party in Victoria was established between December 1944 and January 1945, with the names of the provisional state executive revealed on 29 December 1944 and the first meeting held a week later on 5 January 1945. [20] [21] The state executive included AWNL's leaders Couchman and Wedgwood. The AWNL joined the Liberal Party on 30 January 1945. [22] The UAP and its parliamentary members (including Hollway) joined the Liberal Party on 5 March 1945, with the state parliamentary UAP becoming the state parliamentary Liberal Party. As a result, Hollway became the first parliamentary leader of the Victorian branch of the Liberal Party. [23]

Old Liberal Party Victorian Division

On 2 October 1945, deputy Liberal Party leader Ian Macfarlan was commissioned by the Governor Sir Winston Dugan to form government, when it was clear that the Victorian Legislative Assembly would not grant supply to the Dunstan government. The Liberals were defeated in the election a month later, which was won by Labor.

By the 1947 Victorian state election, the Liberals were again in coalition with the Country Party (renamed from United Country Party) and contested the election together. The coalition won the election and governed Victoria as majority government from 20 November 1947 to 3 December 1948, with Liberal leader Hollway as Premier and Country leader John McDonald as Deputy Premier. [24]

Liberal and Country Party

Formation

During a series of transport strikes in 1948, the moderate Hollway had dealt amicably with the transport unions and the Trades Hall Council, and McDonald heavily criticised his conciliatory approach to the conservative parties' traditional enemies. [25] Hollway forced McDonald to resign as deputy. Wilfrid Kent Hughes, deputy leader of Liberal Party, was appointed as Deputy Premier.

In February 1949, the Liberal Party planned to form a new Liberal and Country Party (LCP), with metropolitan-country interests proposed to be represented on a 50-50 basis. [26] Hollway hoped this would unite the two "anti-socialist" parties of Liberal Party and Country Party together, [27] an idea supported by Liberal Party and Country Party voters. [28] [29] A merger of the Liberal and Country parties had already happened in South Australia with the formation of the Liberal and Country League in 1932. The Liberal Party conference on 22 February 1949 endorsed the idea of a merger. [30] However, the idea was reputed by the Country Party and argued it was a takeover attempt of the Country Party, and to eliminate the Country Party from Victorian politics entirely. [31] [32]

On 22 March 1949, the Victorian Liberal Party ceased to exist and formed the Liberal and Country Party (LCP) with six Country MPs. [33] [34] [16] [35] Hollway was chosen as leader of the new party and continued to be Premier. [36] Hughes also continued to be deputy leader of the new party and Deputy Premier. The six former Country MPs were eligible for Cabinet positions in the new LCP government, but turned them down since "the present cabinet had prepared legislation for the new parliamentary session" and "should carry on with it". [37] As such, the incumbent cabinet composition was unchanged. The LCP succeeded the old Victorian Liberal Party to be the Victorian division of the Liberal Party of Australia, and federal members endorsed by the LCP sat with the Liberals in Canberra and belong in the federal parliamentary Liberal Party. [38]

Future Prime Minister John Gorton was one of those appointed to the state executive of the LCP. [32] He used to support the Country Party since before the war, but became frustrated with the party's squabbles with the Liberal Party and willingness to co-opoerate with the Labor Party. While being part of the LCP state executive, he had addressed Country Party gatherings in a few occasions, urging its members to join the new party and stressing that it would not neglect rural interests, as many feared. However, the Country Party were not convinced and never joined the new party.

The LCP, Country Party and Labor Party contested against one another in the 1949 Legislative Council election in June. [39] John Lienhop, who was a member of the Bendigo Province and previously elected as a Country Party member, contested the electorate as an LCP member and managed to retain the seat.

Despite their differences, the LCP and Country Party agreed to endorse the same candidates for 10 seats in Victoria for the 1949 federal election in December, minimising three-cornered contests. [40] The federal Liberal/Country coalition led by Robert Menzies won the election, winning 20 out of the 33 lower house seats in Victoria.

Loss of government

The LCP continued to govern Victoria independently as a minority government until 27 June 1950, when the Victorian Labor agreed to support a minority Country Party government led by McDonald.

In December 1951, Hollway and his deputy Trevor Oldham were replaced by Les Norman and Henry Bolte as party leader and deputy leader respectively. In September 1952, Hollway and 7 LCP members were expelled from the LCP after a dispute over electoral reform issues. [41] In October, Labor Party moved to defeat the McDonald government by working with two of Hollway's supporters in the Victorian Legislative Council to block supply in the upper house. [42] Hollway was commissioned by Governor Sir Dallas Brooks to form a minority government with the 7 former LCP members, known as the Electoral Reform League, with the backing of the Labor Party on confidence and supply. However, 70 hours later, Brooks forced Hollway to resign and recommissioned McDonald as Premier. [43]

At the state election two months later in December 1952, Hollway contested Norman's seat of Glen Iris and won. Neither Country Party, LCP nor the Electoral Reform League won enough seats to form government. With Norman losing his seat, Oldham was elected as leader and Bolte remained the deputy leader. Oldham and his wife died in a plane crash in India on 2 May 1953, on their way to England to attend the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, [44] [45] and Bolte succeeded him as LCP leader.

In 1954, Hollway and his supporters formed the Victorian Liberal Party, replacing the Electoral Reform League. Despite the name, it was a separate party to the LCP or the Liberal Party.

Following the Australian Labor Party split of 1955 that led to the weakening of the governing Victorian Labor, the LCP led by Bolte won the 1955 Victorian state election and formed government for the next 27 years independently without a coalition with the Country Party. All members of Hollway's Victorian Liberal Party including Hollway lost all their seats in this election, and the party ceased to exist.

Liberal Party

Change of name to Liberal Party

As one of the conditions of the Country Party supporting the government's supply bill in the Legislative Council on 27 October 1964, the 'and Country' was to be dropped from the name of the Liberal and Country Party. [46] During the party's State Council in March 1965, the party debated for more than an hour on its party name. It was revealed through a letter from Menzies that he did not like the "Liberal and Country Party" name because "liberalism catered for people in the city and in the country". [15] With the letter, Bolte managed to persuade the party to support the motion of change of name back to the original name of Liberal Party. [47] [48]

Malcolm Fraser, the Prime Minister between 1975 and 1983, is to date the last Liberal Prime Minister from Victoria. His immediate successor Andrew Peacock, who served from 1983 to 1985, and again from 1989 to 1990, is the most recent Victorian federal Liberal leader.

The Liberal Party continued to hold government in the Victorian state parliament until 1982 under the leaderships of Bolte, Rupert Hamer and Lindsay Thompson.

Opposition (1982–1992)

The Liberals were defeated in the 1982 Victorian state election after governing Victoria for 27 years. Following the Liberals' defeat, Jeff Kennett became the leader of the party. Kennett was deposed as leader following the 1988 Victorian state election, and was replaced by Alan Brown. During Brown's leadership, the Liberals reached a new Coalition agreement with the Victorian Nationals, led by Pat McNamara since 1988.

Kennett became party leader again in 1991 and led the Coalition to victory in the 1992 Victorian state election. The Liberals actually won majorities in their own right. Although Kennett thus had no need for the support of the Nationals, he retained the Coalition, with McNamara as Deputy Premier.[ citation needed ]

Kennett government

The Liberal and National Coalition held government from 1992 to 1999 under Kennett's leadership. The Kennett government privatised many government services, including closing down over three hundred schools. [49] The Liberals and Nationals fought as a Coalition in the 1996, which the LIberals won majority in its own right again, and 1999, which the Coalition was defeated.

Opposition (1999–2010)

McNamara's successor as Nationals leader, Peter Ryan, ended the Coalition agreement. [50] Since then, Liberals and Nationals had a strained relationship. Ryan uttered several sharp criticisms of the Liberals' most prominent figures, particularly their no-tolls policy on the Melbourne Eastlink freeway [51] and on former leader Robert Doyle's remarks that the Liberals were twenty seats from government, a statement that assumed that the Nationals would support a Liberal government. [52] Relations soured further at the beginning of 2006 when Victorian Senator Julian McGauran defected from the Nationals to the Liberals. [53]

The Liberal Party was the sole opposition party in Victoria until 2008, when Liberals under Ted Baillieu formed a new Coalition agreement with the Nationals. [54]

Baillieu & Napthine governments

After the 2010 Victorian state election, the Liberal and National Coalition held government under Baillieu's leadership. On 7 March 2013 Baillieu resigned from his position of Premier of Victoria and he was replaced by Denis Napthine. Napthine led the Coalition to a defeat in the 2014 Victorian state election.

Opposition and shift further to the right (since 2014)

After the 2014 election, Matthew Guy was elected leader. The Coalition arrangement was maintained while the Liberals and Nationals were in opposition. The coalition lost the 2018 election and suffered a significant swing against it, leading to the resignation of Guy as leader of the Liberal Party. [55] He was replaced by Michael O'Brien as party leader.

Branch stacking allegations in the party had been linked to conservative powerbroker Marcus Bastiaan since 2016. In late August 2020, his activities in branch stacking were revealed by Nine/The Age, which included directing taxpayer-funded electorate staff working for federal MP Kevin Andrews to be involved with party activities such as recruitment of party members, which is illegal by federal or state law, recruiting members to the party by paying for their membership, and adding party members to seats under fake residential addresses. [2] Bastiaan's activities were allegedly endorsed by Michael Sukkar, another conservative federal MP who was a minister within the Morrison ministry. Just a week earlier, internal audit by the party found some members breached party rules by paying for other people's membership fees. [13]

On 6 September 2021, a few Liberal MPs including Guy resigned from O'Brien's shadow cabinet or from parliamentary party positions. O'Brien refused to step down as party leader as "he believed he had the support of the majority of MPs" ahead of a possible leadership challenge. [56] The following day, Guy replaced O'Brien as party leader in a leadership spill. [57] Cindy McLeish was replaced by David Southwick as deputy party leader.

According to The Age, between November 2018 and November 2021, the Coalition's Legislative Council members voted with the Andrews Government's position 28.9% of the time; of the parties in the Legislative Council, only the Liberal Democratic Party had a lower figure (22.1%). [58]

Victorian Liberal leaders

#LeaderTerm startTerm endElectorateTime in officePremierDeparture notes
1 TomHollway.jpg Thomas Hollway
(1906–1971)
5 March 19454 December 1951 Ballarat
(1932–1952)
6 years, 274 daysYes (1947–1950)Deposed
2 Les Norman.jpg Les Norman
(1913–1997)
4 December 195119 December 1952 Glen Iris
(1947–1952)
1 year, 15 daysNoLost his seat of Glen Iris in the 1952 state election
3 Trevor Oldham.png Trevor Oldham
(1900–1953)
19 December 19522 May 1953 Malvern
(1945–1953)
134 daysNo Died in office
4 Henry Bolte.jpg Henry Bolte
(1908–1990)
3 June 195323 August 1972 Hampden
(1947–1972)
19 years, 81 daysYes (1955–1972)Resigned
5 Dick Hamer.jpg Rupert Hamer
(1916–2004)
23 August 19725 June 1981 Kew
(1971–1981)
8 years, 286 daysYes (1972–1981)Resigned
6 No image.svg Lindsay Thompson
(1923–2008)
5 June 198126 October 1982 Malvern
(1970–1982)
1 year, 143 daysYes (1981–1982)Resigned
7 Jeff Kennett.jpg Jeff Kennett
(1948–)
26 October 198223 May 1989 Burwood
(1976–1999)
6 years, 209 daysNoDeposed
8 No image.svg Alan Brown
(1946–)
23 May 198923 April 1991 Gippsland West
(1985–1996)
1 year, 335 daysNoDeposed
(7) Jeff Kennett.jpg Jeff Kennett
(1948–)
23 April 199126 October 1999 Burwood
(1976–1999)
8 years, 186 daysYes (1992–1999)Resigned
9 Denis Napthine.jpg Denis Napthine
(1952–)
26 October 199920 August 2002 Portland
(1988–2002)
2 years, 298 daysNoDeposed
10 Robert Doyle 2013.jpg Robert Doyle
(1953–)
20 August 20028 May 2006 Malvern
(1992–2006)
3 years, 261 daysNoResigned
11 Ted baillieu.jpg Ted Baillieu
(1953–)
8 May 20066 March 2013 Hawthorn
(1999–2014)
6 years, 302 daysYes (2010–2013)Resigned
(9) Premier Denis Napthine.jpg Denis Napthine
(1952–)
6 March 20134 December 2014 South-West Coast
(2002–2015)
1 year, 273 daysYes (2013–2014)Resigned
12 Hon Matthew Guy (cropped).jpg Matthew Guy
(1974–)
4 December 20146 December 2018 Bulleen
(2014–)
4 years, 2 daysNoResigned
13 Michael O'Brien cropped.png Michael O'Brien
(1971–)
6 December 20187 September 2021 Malvern
(2006–)
2 years, 275 daysNoDeposed
(12) Hon Matthew Guy (cropped).jpg Matthew Guy
(1974–)
7 September 2021
(unopposed)
27 November 2022 Bulleen
(2014–)
1 year, 81 daysNoResigned

Victorian Liberal deputy leaders

#Deputy LeaderTerm startTerm endElectorateTime in officeDeputy PremierLeaderDeparture notes
1 Imcfarlanemp.jpg Ian Macfarlan
(1881–1964)
5 March 19452 October 1945 Brighton
(1928–1945)
211 daysNo Thomas Hollway Became Premier with the support of breakaway Liberals following the collapse of Albert Dunstan's ministry
2 Trevor Oldham.png Trevor Oldham
(1900–1953)
22 November 194514 November 1947 Malvern
(1945–1953)
1 year, 357 daysNo Thomas Hollway Resigned
3 Kenthughes.jpg Wilfrid Kent Hughes
(1895–1970)
14 November 194728 October 1949 Kew
(1927–1949)
1 year, 348 daysYes (1948-1949) Thomas Hollway Resigned to transfer to federal politics
(2) Trevor Oldham.png Trevor Oldham
(1900–1953)
8 November 19494 December 1951 Malvern
(1945–1953)
2 years, 26 daysYes (1949-1950) Thomas Hollway Deposed
4 Henry Bolte.jpg Henry Bolte
(1908–1990)
4 December 19513 June 1953 Hampden
(1947–1972)
1 year, 181 daysNo Les Norman Became leader following the death of Trevor Oldham
Trevor Oldham
5 Arthur Rylah .jpg Arthur Rylah
(1909–1974)
3 June 195321 April 1971 Kew
(1949–1971)
17 years, 322 daysYes (1955-1971) Henry Bolte Resigned due to ill health
6 Dick Hamer.jpg Rupert Hamer
(1916–2004)
21 April 197123 August 1972 Kew
(1971–1981)
1 year, 124 daysYes (1971-1972) Henry Bolte Became leader following the resignation of Henry Bolte
7 No image.svg Lindsay Thompson
(1923–2008)
23 August 19725 June 1981 Malvern
(1970–1982)
8 years, 286 daysYes (1972-1981) Rupert Hamer Became leader following the resignation of Rupert Hamer
8 No image.svg Bill Borthwick
(1924–2001)
5 June 19817 April 1982 Monbulk
(1967–1982)
306 daysYes (1981-1982) Lindsay Thompson Lost his seat of Monbulk in the 1982 state election
9 No image.svg Rob Maclellan
(1934–)
7 April 19825 March 1985 Berwick
(1976–1992)
2 years, 332 daysNo Lindsay Thompson Deposed
Jeff Kennett
10 No image.svg Tom Austin
(1923–2002)
5 March 19856 October 1987 Ripon
(1976–1992)
2 years, 215 daysNo Jeff Kennett Resigned
11 No image.svg Alan Brown
(1946–)
6 October 198723 May 1989 Gippsland West
(1985–1996)
1 year, 229 daysNo Jeff Kennett Became leader following a successful challenge against Jeff Kennett
12 No image.svg Roger Pescott
(1946–)
23 May 198924 July 1990 Bennettswood
(1985–1992)
1 year, 62 daysNo Alan Brown Resigned in failed bid to transfer to federal politics
13 No image.svg Alan Stockdale
(1945–)
24 July 199023 April 1991 Brighton
(1985–1999)
273 daysNo Alan Brown Deposed
14 No image.svg Phil Gude
(1941–)
23 April 199123 September 1999 Hawthorn
(1985–1999)
8 years, 153 daysNo Jeff Kennett Resigned
15 Denis Napthine.jpg Denis Napthine
(1952–)
23 September 199926 October 1999 Portland
(1988–2002)
33 daysNo Jeff Kennett Became leader following the resignation of Jeff Kennett
16 Louise Asher.jpg Louise Asher
(1956–)
26 October 199920 August 2002 Brighton
(1999–2018)
2 years, 298 daysNo Denis Napthine Deposed
17 No image.svg Phil Honeywood
(1960–)
20 August 200228 March 2006 Warrandyte
(1988–2006)
3 years, 220 daysNo Robert Doyle Resigned
(16) Louise Asher.jpg Louise Asher
(1956–)
28 March 20064 December 2014 Brighton
(1999–2018)
8 years, 251 daysNo Robert Doyle Resigned
Ted Baillieu
Denis Napthine
18 David Hodgett at Parliament 2021.jpg David Hodgett
(1963–)
4 December 20146 December 2018 Croydon
(2014–)
4 years, 2 daysNo Matthew Guy Resigned
19 No image.svg Cindy McLeish
(1962–)
6 December 20187 September 2021 Eildon
(2014–)
2 years, 275 daysNo Michael O'Brien Deposed
20 No image.svg David Southwick
(1968–)
7 September 2021Incumbent Caulfield
(2010–)
1 year, 86 daysNo Matthew Guy

Senior Figures

State presidents of the Victorian Liberal Party

1945–1948: William Anderson

1948–1949: Magnus Cormack

1949–1950: Dan Mackinnon

1950–1952: William Anderson

1952–1956: John Anderson

1956–1959: Rutherford Guthrie

1959–1962: John Buchan

1962–1965: William Snell

1965–1966: Andrew Peacock

1966–1970: Robert Southey

1970–1973: Phillip Russell

1973–1976: Peter Hardie

1976–1979: Joy Mein

1979–1982: Richard Alston

1982–1984: Stewart McArthur

1984–1987: Eda Ritchie

1987–1992: Michael Kroger

1992–1998: Ted Baillieu

1997–2000: Joy Howley

2000–2003: Ian Carson

2003–2006: Helen Kroger

2006–2007: Russell Hannan

2007–2011: David Kemp

2011–2015: Tony Snell

2015–2018: Michael Kroger

2019–2022: Robert Clark

2022-Current: Greg Mirabella

State Directors of the Victorian Liberal Party

1945–1971: J V McConnell

1971–1974: Leo Hawkins

1975–1976: Timothy Pascoe

1976–1977: Graham Jennings

1977–1983: Neville Hughes

1984–1987: John Ridley

1987–1988: David Kemp

1989–1994: Petro Georgiou

1994–2000: Peter Poggioli

2000–2003: Brian Loughnane

2003–2008: Julian Sheezel

2008–2011: Tony Nutt

2011–2015: Damien Mantach

2015–2017: Simon Frost

2017–2019: Nick Demiris

2019–present: Sam McQuestin

Election results

Liberal Party (1945–1949)

YearSeats won±Total votes %±%PositionLeader
1945
10 / 65
Decrease2.svg3180,04620.51%Decrease2.svg2.56%Crossbench Thomas Hollway
1947
27 / 65
Increase2.svg17442,45137.16%Increase2.svg16.65%Coalition

Liberal and Country Party (1949–1965) & Liberal Party (since 1965)

YearSeats won±Total votes %±%PositionLeader
1950
27 / 65
Steady2.svg0491,44840.69%Increase2.svg3.53%Minority government Thomas Hollway
1952
11 / 65
Decrease2.svg16255,68524.85%Decrease2.svg15.84%Crossbench Les Norman
1955
34 / 66
Increase2.svg23487,40837.8%Increase2.svg12.93%Majority government Henry Bolte
1958
39 / 66
Increase2.svg5508,67837.18%Decrease2.svg0.6%Majority government
1961
39 / 66
Steady2.svg0521,77736.44%Decrease2.svg0.74%Majority government
1964
38 / 66
Decrease2.svg1597,74839.63%Increase2.svg3.20%Majority government
1967
44 / 73
Increase2.svg6589,98537.49%Decrease2.svg2.14%Majority government
1970
42 / 73
Decrease2.svg2614,09436.70%Decrease2.svg0.79%Majority government
1973
46 / 73
Increase2.svg4803,38242.34%Increase2.svg5.64%Majority government Rupert Hamer
1976
52 / 81
Increase2.svg6939,48145.87%Increase2.svg3.53%Majority government
1979
41 / 81
Decrease2.svg11881,36641.44%Decrease2.svg4.44%Majority government
1982
24 / 81
Decrease2.svg17860,66938.33%Decrease2.svg3.11%Opposition Lindsay Thompson
1985
31 / 88
Increase2.svg71,003,00341.86%Increase2.svg3.53%Opposition Jeff Kennett
1988
33 / 88
Increase2.svg2986,31140.51%Decrease2.svg1.30%Opposition
1992
52 / 88
Increase2.svg191,153,77044.16%Increase2.svg3.59%Coalition
1996
49 / 88
Decrease2.svg31,212,93343.99%Decrease2.svg0.17%Coalition
1999
36 / 88
Decrease2.svg131,194,99842.22%Decrease2.svg1.77%Opposition
2002
17 / 88
Decrease2.svg19985,01133.91%Decrease2.svg8.31%Opposition Robert Doyle
2006
23 / 88
Increase2.svg61,022,11034.44%Increase2.svg0.53%Opposition Ted Baillieu
2010
35 / 88
Increase2.svg121,203,65438.03%Increase2.svg3.59%Coalition
2014
30 / 88
Decrease2.svg51,223,66336.47%Decrease2.svg1.57%Opposition Denis Napthine
2018
21 / 88
Decrease2.svg91,069,13730.42%Decrease2.svg6.04%Opposition Matthew Guy
2022
18 / 88
Decrease2.svg3992,49229.74%Decrease2.svg0.68%Opposition

Federal Elections

ElectionSeats Won±Total Votes%±Leader
1946
7 / 20
Increase2.svg 1466,73437.80%Increase2.svg 11.80% Robert Menzies
1949
17 / 33
Increase2.svg 10535,21441.40%Increase2.svg 3.60%
1951
15 / 33
Decrease2.svg 2571,39843.60%Increase2.svg 2.20%
1954
15 / 33
Steady2.svg 0572,23345.20%Increase2.svg 1.60%
1955
20 / 33
Increase2.svg 5549,98541.40%Decrease2.svg 3.80%
1958
18 / 33
Decrease2.svg 2531,40437.80%Decrease2.svg 3.60%
1961
18 / 33
Steady2.svg 0515,79234.80%Decrease2.svg 3.00%
1963
18 / 33
Steady2.svg 0600,30639.10%Increase2.svg 4.30%
1966
19 / 33
Increase2.svg 1622,70839.80%Increase2.svg 0.70% Harold Holt
1969
18 / 34
Decrease2.svg 1626,47437.60%Decrease2.svg 2.20% John Gorton
1972
14 / 34
Decrease2.svg 4606,27333.60%Decrease2.svg 4.00% William McMahon
1974
12 / 34
Decrease2.svg 2738,23636.40%Increase2.svg 2.80% Billy Snedden
1975
19 / 34
Increase2.svg 7887,68542.30%Increase2.svg 5.90% Malcolm Fraser
1977
20 / 33
Increase2.svg 1842,54539.60%Decrease2.svg 2.70%
1980
13 / 33
Decrease2.svg 7874,39539.10%Decrease2.svg 0.50%
1983
7 / 33
Decrease2.svg 6869,54237.10%Decrease2.svg 2.00%
1984
11 / 39
Increase2.svg 4842,42336.90%Decrease2.svg 0.20% Andrew Peacock
1987
12 / 39
Increase2.svg 1922,68038.00%Increase2.svg 1.10% John Howard
1990
21 / 38
Increase2.svg 91,018,74039.70%Increase2.svg 1.70% Andrew Peacock
1993
17 / 38
Decrease2.svg 41,102,96540.20%Increase2.svg 0.50% John Hewson
1996
19 / 37
Increase2.svg 21,106,55639.90%Decrease2.svg 0.30% John Howard
1998
16 / 37
Decrease2.svg 31,053,99037.10%Decrease2.svg 2.80%
2001
15 / 37
Decrease2.svg 11,154,49339.10%Increase2.svg 2.00%
2004
16 / 37
Increase2.svg 11,302,03843.24%Increase2.svg 4.14%
2007
14 / 37
Decrease2.svg 21,206,99238.09%Decrease2.svg 5.15%
2010
12 / 37
Decrease2.svg 21,159,30136.45%Decrease2.svg 1.64% Tony Abbott
2013
14 / 37
Increase2.svg 21,320,41740.08%Increase2.svg 3.63%
2016
14 / 37
Steady2.svg 01,273,41937.01%Decrease2.svg 3.07% Malcolm Turnbull
2019
12 / 38
Decrease2.svg 21,288,80534.88%Decrease2.svg 2.13% Scott Morrison
2022
8 / 39
Decrease2.svg 41,010,45329.82%Decrease2.svg 5.06%

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Steve Bracks</span> 44th Premier of Victoria, Australia

Stephen Phillip Bracks is a former Australian politician and was the 44th Premier of Victoria. He first won the electoral district of Williamstown in 1994 for the Labor Party and was party leader and premier from 1999 to 2007.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nationalist Party (Australia)</span> Former Australian political party

The Nationalist Party, also known as the National Party was an Australian political party. It was formed on 17 February 1917 from a merger between the Commonwealth Liberal Party and the National Labor Party, the latter formed by Prime Minister Billy Hughes and his supporters after the 1916 Labor Party split over World War I conscription. The Nationalist Party was in government until electoral defeat in 1929. From that time it was the main opposition to the Labor Party until it merged with pro-Joseph Lyons Labor defectors to form the United Australia Party (UAP) in 1931. The party is a direct ancestor of the Liberal Party of Australia, the main centre-right party in Australia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henry Bolte</span> Australian politician

Sir Henry Edward Bolte GCMG was an Australian politician who served as the 38th Premier of Victoria. To date he is the longest-serving Victorian premier, having been in office for over 17 consecutive years.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Denis Napthine</span> 47th Premier of Victoria

Denis Vincent Napthine is a former Australian politician who was the 47th Premier of Victoria. Napthine was a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, representing the electoral district of Portland from 1988 to 2002 and South-West Coast from 2002 to 2015. He was elected leader of the Parliamentary Liberal Party on 6 March 2013 following the resignation of Ted Baillieu and was sworn in as premier on the same day. His party lost the Victorian state election on 29 November 2014 and he announced he would step down as leader of the Parliamentary Liberal Party, with Matthew Guy being elected his successor on 4 December.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coalition (Australia)</span> Group of centre-right political parties in Australia

The Liberal–National Coalition, commonly known simply as "the Coalition" or informally as the LNP, is an alliance of centre-right political parties that forms one of the two major groupings in Australian federal politics. The two partners in the Coalition are the Liberal Party of Australia and the National Party of Australia. Its main opponent is the Australian Labor Party (ALP); the two forces are often regarded as operating in a two-party system. The Coalition was last in government from the 2013 federal election, before being unsuccessful at re-election in the 2022 Australian federal election. The group is led by Peter Dutton, who succeeded Scott Morrison after the 2022 Australian federal election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Brumby</span> Australian politician

John Mansfield Brumby is the current Chancellor of La Trobe University and former Victorian Labor Party politician who was Premier of Victoria from 2007 to 2010. He became leader of the Victorian Labor Party and premier after the resignation of Steve Bracks. He also served as the Minister for Veterans' Affairs and the Minister for Multicultural Affairs. He contested his first election as premier at the November 2010 Victorian state election. His government was defeated by the Liberal/National Coalition led by Ted Baillieu. Brumby resigned as Labor leader after the election, on 30 November, to be replaced by Daniel Andrews. Within weeks of this leadership change, Brumby left parliament, with a Broadmeadows by-election taking place on 19 February 2011.

Ian Macfarlan was the Deputy Leader of the Australian Liberal Party in the Australian state of Victoria during 1945. He was briefly commissioned as the 35th Premier of Victoria by the Governor and formed a government which brought about the end of the Dunstan Ministry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stanley Argyle</span> Australian politician; Premier of Victoria

Sir Stanley Seymour Argyle KBE, MRCS, LRCP, was an Australian doctor, radiologist, businessman, and politician. Argyle was the former Leader of the Opposition, Treasurer and Premier of Victoria, achieving the latter in May 1932, following the 1932 Victorian state election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albert Dunstan</span> Australian politician

Sir Albert Arthur Dunstan, KCMG was an Australian politician. A member of the Country Party, Dunstan was the 33rd premier of Victoria. His term as premier was the second-longest in the state's history, behind Sir Henry Bolte. Dunstan, who was premier from 2 April 1935 to 14 September 1943, and again from 18 September 1943 to 2 October 1945, was the first premier of Victoria to hold that office as a position in its own right, and not just an additional duty taken up by the Treasurer, Attorney-General or Chief Secretary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Hollway</span> Australian politician

Thomas Tuke Hollway was the 36th Premier of Victoria, and the first to be born in the 20th century. He held office from 1947 to 1950, and again for a short period in 1952. He was originally a member and the leader of the United Australia Party (UAP) in Victoria, and was the inaugural leader of the UAP's successor, the Victorian division of the Liberal Party, but split from the Liberals after a dispute over electoral reform issues.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1992 Victorian state election</span>

The 1992 Victorian state election, held on Saturday, 3 October 1992, was for the 52nd Parliament of Victoria. It was held in the Australian state of Victoria to elect all 88 members of the state's Legislative Assembly and 22 members of the 44-member Legislative Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Trevor Oldham</span> Australian politician

Trevor Donald Oldham was an Australian politician, who was the leader of the Liberal Party in the state of Victoria from 1952 until his death in 1953. The eldest of three sons born to Arthur and Ethel Oldham, he was educated at Melbourne Church of England Grammar School and the University of Melbourne. He had enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on 7 November 1918, four days before the Armistice.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2010 Victorian state election</span>

The 2010 Victorian state election, held on Saturday, 27 November 2010, was for the 57th Parliament of Victoria. The election was to elect all 88 members of the Legislative Assembly and all 40 members of the Legislative Council. The incumbent centre-left Labor Party government, led by John Brumby, was defeated by the centre-right Liberal/National Coalition opposition, led by Ted Baillieu. The election gave the Coalition a one-seat majority in both houses of parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1955 Victorian state election</span>

The 1955 Victorian state election was held in the Australian state of Victoria on Saturday 28 May 1955 to elect 65 members of the state's Legislative Assembly.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1950 Victorian state election</span>

The 1950 Victorian state election was held in the Australian state of Victoria on Saturday 13 May 1950 to elect 65 members of the state's Legislative Assembly.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Maltby</span> Australian politician

Major Sir Thomas Karran Maltby was a politician in Victoria, Australia. He was a member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly for nearly 32 years from 1929 to 1961, served in several ministries and was Speaker of the assembly from 1947 to 1950.

The National Party of Australia – Victoria is a political party in Victoria, which forms the state branch of the federal Nationals. Historically, it represented graziers, farmers and rural voters. However, the modern National Party no longer represents these traditional interests; shifting its focus to support the mining industry and as a result, ignoring the challenges faced by rural communities and farmers struggling with the effects of climate change and mining practices such as fracking.

William Roy Dawnay-Mould was an English-born Australian politician.

The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as Victorian Labor, is the semi-autonomous Victorian branch of the Australian Labor Party (ALP). The Victorian branch comprises two major wings: the parliamentary wing and the organisational wing. The parliamentary wing comprising all elected party members in the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council, which when they meet collectively constitute the party caucus. The parliamentary leader is elected from and by the caucus, and party factions have a strong influence in the election of the leader. The leader's position is dependent on the continuing support of the caucus and the leader may be deposed by failing to win a vote of confidence of parliamentary members. By convention, the premier sits in the Legislative Assembly, and is the leader of the party controlling a majority in that house. The party leader also typically is a member of the Assembly, though this is not a strict party constitutional requirement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2022 Victorian state election</span> Election for the 60th Parliament of Victoria

The 2022 Victorian state election was held on 26 November 2022 to elect the 60th Parliament of Victoria. All 88 seats in the Legislative Assembly and all 40 seats in the Legislative Council were up for election.

References

Notes

  1. Matthew Guy resigned after the Liberal party's defeat in the 2022 Victorian state election
  2. The party was formed out of the Victorian United Australia Party (UAP) and is chiefly the successor to it. The party has overgone several changes (name, mergers), but holds the same name as it was founded.

Citations

  1. Rollason, Bridget; Willingham, Richard (18 December 2020). "Victorian Liberal Party branch-stacking investigation finds 170 memberships paid by someone else". ABC .
  2. 1 2 3 "'That's politics': Inside the Liberal Party's branch-stacking machine". The Age. 23 August 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  3. Eddie, Rachael (5 December 2021). "No ifs, no buts, no more lockdowns': Matthew Guy launches campaign work".{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. Smethurst, Annika (7 October 2021). "Liberals fear influence of right-wing church ahead of preselection". The Age . Archived from the original on 12 October 2021.
  5. Smethurst, Annika (8 October 2021). "Holding the Liberals' moderate line will be key to Guy's success". The Age (opinion). Archived from the original on 12 October 2021.
  6. "Victorian Liberal Party members slam 'infiltration' by hardline Pentecostal groups". ABC News. 31 August 2022.
  7. Eddie, Rachael; Sakkal, Paul (5 December 2021). "Liberal MPs join protest at which fringe element promotes violence". The Age .{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. Eddie, Rachael (5 December 2021). "No ifs, no buts, no more lockdowns': Matthew Guy launches campaign work".{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. "Victorian Liberal member faces expulsion over 'moronic Mormons' post on social media". ABC News. 11 May 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  10. "Bernie Finn set to be dumped to crossbench after Liberal leadership backs expulsion".
  11. "Victorian Liberal party seeks to expel Bernie Finn over anti-abortion comments | Victorian politics | the Guardian".
  12. "Mormon influence rising in the Liberal party". The Age. 5 May 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  13. 1 2 "Liberal Party investigates branch-stacking claims". 17 August 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  14. "Welcome". Liberal Party of Australia (Vic Div) Membership Site. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  15. 1 2 "State Liberals Censure Bolt on Education". The Canberra Times. 2 March 1965. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  16. 1 2 "Birth of Combined Party". The Mercury. 23 March 1949. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  17. "About Us - Our History". Liberal Victoria. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  18. Hollway, Thomas Tuke (Tom) (1906–1971). Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  19. "Forming the Liberal Party of Australia - Record of the Conference of Representatives of Non-Labor Organisations" (PDF). 16 October 1944. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  20. "The Liberal Party's Executive - Three Women Included in Provisional List". The Age. 30 December 1944. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  21. "Liberal Party - First Executive Meeting". Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954). The Age. 5 January 1945. p. 5. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  22. "A.W.N.L. and Liberal Party". The Age. 31 January 1945. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  23. "State UAP Now Liberal Party". The Argus. 6 March 1945. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  24. "WRITS ISSUED FOR STATE ELECTION". The Herald. 14 October 1947.
  25. "VICTORIAN HOUSE DISSOLVED ELECTION IN MAY". The Canberra Times . ACT: National Library of Australia. 13 April 1950. p. 1. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
  26. "Plans for United CP-Lib Party". The Argus. 5 February 1949. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  27. "Mr Hollway resumes merger campaign". The Argus. 28 February 1949. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  28. "Most Liberal-CP Voters Want Parties To Merge". The Herald. 26 February 1949. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  29. "Country Party Want Combined Party". Portland Guardian. 7 March 1949. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  30. "Liberal Conference - Branches Endorse New United Party". Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954). The Age. 23 February 1949. p. 1. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  31. Brian Costar (1985). "National–Liberal Party Relations in Victoria". In Hay, P. R.; et al. (eds.). Essays on Victorian Politics. Warrnambool: Warrnambool Institute Press.
  32. 1 2 Ian Hancock (2002). John Gorton: He Did It His Way. Hodder. ISBN   0733614396.
  33. Costar, B. J., 'McDonald, Sir John Gladstone Black (Jack) (1898–1977)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, accessed 22 February 2012.
  34. "LIBERAL AND COUNTRY PARTY COMES INTO EXISTENCE". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 – 1954) . Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 23 March 1949. p. 3. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  35. "New Vic. Govt. Set-up". Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900 - 1954). Examiner. 22 March 1949. p. 3. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  36. "New LCP Chooses Hollway as Leader". 23 March 1949. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  37. "NO CHANGE IN VICTORIAN CABINET". The Mercury . Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 24 March 1949. p. 14. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
  38. "'Room for all' in Liberal-CP". The Herald. 23 February 1949. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  39. "New Party to Oppose C.P." The Age. 4 March 1949. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  40. "Non-Labour Forces' Election Pact". The West Australian. 5 July 1949. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  41. "M.L.A.S Expel Hollway". The Sydney Morning Herald . National Library of Australia. 25 September 1952. p. 4. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  42. "Mr. Hollway Will Become Premier". The West Australian . Perth: National Library of Australia. 24 October 1952. p. 1. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  43. Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (eds.), The Premiers of Victoria: 1856–2006 (Federation Press, Sydney, 2006).
  44. "Mr. Trevor Oldham: Success in business and politics". The Age . 4 May 1953. p. 2. Retrieved 19 February 2019 via National Library of Australia.
  45. "Comet Jet Crash in "Tempest". 43 Killed: Four Australians". The Sydney Morning Herald . 4 May 1953. p. 1. Retrieved 19 February 2019 via National Library of Australia.
  46. "Bolte agrees to Country Party demands for support". The Canberra Times. 28 October 1964. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  47. Walker, K. J. (April 1965). "Victoria". Australian Journal of Politics & History. 11 (1): 96. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8497.1965.tb00419.x .
  48. "Significant Victorian Electoral Events since 1851". Victorian Electoral Commission.
  49. "What are Lost Schools?".
  50. Chris Johnston – Attack the best defence for Ryan. Thanks, CiceroThe Age, 27 November 2006
  51. Nick Lenaghan Opposition splits on tollway
  52. Jason Dowling State Nationals send warning to Doyle, The Age , 29 January 2006
  53. Liberals accept McGauran The Herald Sun, 3 February 2006
  54. David Rood – Libs, Nats revive coalitionThe Age, 11 February 2008
  55. "Matthew Guy resigns as Victorian Opposition Leader after Liberals' election battering". ABC News. 28 November 2018.
  56. "Michael O'Brien's Victorian Liberal Party leadership under threat from Matthew Guy". ABC News. 6 September 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  57. "Matthew Guy replaces Michael O'Brien as Victorian Liberal leader". ABC News. 7 September 2021. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  58. Sakkal, Paul (26 November 2021). "'Is this what compliant looks like?': Victoria's crossbench conflict". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 1 December 2021.