Reigate

Last updated

Reigate
The Old Town Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1042854.jpg
Old Town Hall, Reigate
Surrey UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Reigate
Location within Surrey
Population21,820 (electoral definition) or 22,123 (Built-up Area) [1]
OS grid reference TQ2649
  London 19 mi (31 km)  N
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town REIGATE
Postcode district RH2
Dialling code 01737
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°14′13″N0°12′22″W / 51.237°N 0.206°W / 51.237; -0.206 Coordinates: 51°14′13″N0°12′22″W / 51.237°N 0.206°W / 51.237; -0.206

Reigate ( /ˈrɡt/ RY-gate) is a town in Surrey, England, around 19 mi (31 km) south of central London. The settlement is first recorded in Domesday Book in 1086 as Cherchefelle but first appears with its modern name in documents dating from the 1190s. The earliest archaeological evidence for human activity is from the Paleolithic and Neolithic, and during the Roman period, tile making took place to the north east of the modern centre.

Contents

A motte-and-bailey castle was erected in Reigate in the late 11th or early 12th century. It was originally constructed of timber, but the curtain walls were rebuilt in stone about a century later. In the first half of the 13th century, an Augustinian priory was founded to the south of the modern town centre. The priory was closed during the Reformation and was rebuilt as a private residence for William Howard, the 1st Baron Howard of Effingham. The castle was abandoned around the same time and fell into disrepair.

During the medieval and early modern periods, Reigate was primarily an agricultural settlement. A weekly market began no later than 1279 and continued until 1895. Key crops included oatmeal, hops and flax, but there is no record of rye being grown in the local area. The economy initially declined in the 18th century, as new turnpike roads allowed cheaper goods made outside the town to become available, undercutting local producers. Following the arrival of the railways in the mid-19th century, Reigate began to expand and the sale of much of the priory estate in 1921 released further land for housebuilding.

Since 1974, Reigate has been one of four towns in the borough of Reigate and Banstead and is part of the London commuter belt. The borough council is based at the new town hall on Castlefield Road and Surrey County Council has its headquarters at Woodhatch Place. Much of the North Downs, to the north of Reigate, is owned by the National Trust, including Colley Hill, 722 feet (220 m) above ordnance datum (OD) and Reigate Hill 771 feet (235 m) above OD.

Toponymy

In the Domesday Book of 1086, Reigate appears as Cherchefelle and in the 12th century, it is recorded as Crichefeld and Crechesfeld. The name is thought to mean "open space by the hill or barrow". [2] [3]

The name "Reigate" first appears in written sources in the 1190s. Similar forms are also recorded in the late medieval period, including Reigata in 1170, Regate in 1203, Raygate in 1235, Rigate in 1344 and Reighgate in 1604. The name is thought to derive from the Old English rǣge meaning "roe deer" and the Middle English gate, which might indicate an enclosure gate through which deer were hunted. [4] It has also been suggested that the "rei" element may have evolved from the Middle English ray, meaning a marshland or to a stream, [5] although this theory is considered unlikely as the Old English form of this word is ree rather than rey. [4] [note 1]

Woodhatch may derive from the Old English word hæc meaning "gate", and the name may mean "gate to the wood". It is possible, in this instance, that the "wood" referred to is the Weald. [7] [8] In 1623, a survey of the manor of Reigate noted a "Bowling Alley lying before the gate of the Tenement called Woodhatch". [9] Alternatively, the name may derive from that of a local resident: A "Thomas ate Chert" is recorded as living at the settlement in the early 14th century and "Woodhatch" might instead mean "woodland of the ate Chert family". [6]

Geography

High Street, Reigate High Street, Reigate - geograph.org.uk - 592990.jpg
High Street, Reigate

The town centre is, save for the castle, focused on Bell Street, leading south, and a long High Street/West Street conservation area [10] with shops, cafés, bars and restaurants. Between the streets is a Morrisons supermarket. The other central supermarket is an M&S. The swathe of land from the town southwards, including the adjacent town of Redhill, is sometimes grouped together as the Gatwick Diamond, M23 corridor or Crawley Urban Area across more than 15 miles (24 km) into West Sussex. These three largely synonymous areas are interspersed with Metropolitan Green Belt land and are used by planners to highlight connectivity to Gatwick Airport and in respect of two, the city of Brighton and Hove. [11]

Hamlets and neighbourhoods

Skimmington

Skimmington Castle, a pub in Skimmington. Skimmington Castle, Reigate Heath - geograph.org.uk - 1707579.jpg
Skimmington Castle, a pub in Skimmington.

Skimmington is a small hamlet made up of Skimmington Cottages, Heathfield Farm and Nursery, and on the C-road, Flanchford Road, Reigate Heath Golf Club House and Course. The Skimmington Castle (the most historic building, Grade II-listed) pub is by the cottages. [12] It arguably includes most of Reigate Heath; its buildings are however predominantly south-east of Flanchford Road. Skimmington includes eight pre-historic tumuli (bowl barrows), two in one close group, [13] several within the golf club. It is well documented by rambling groups for its serenity, hills and woods – it lies on the Greensand Way 1 mile (1.6 km) along the due west path in the south of Reigate Park or Priory Park. [14]

Woodhatch

Woodhatch is the southern suburb of Reigate with 3 parades of shops. Western Parade is adjacent to the London to Brighton road, which is the only road towards the south from Reigate excluding the motorway network. This parade of shops contains a Co-Op, a jewellers, a bakery, a butchers and an Indian restaurant among other shops. Opposite these shops there is another parade of shops including an Off-licence, a cafe, a fish and chip shop, a petrol station and a newsagents. A vape shop has also recently opened on the parade of shops. [15] There is a 3rd parade of shops known as Trehaven Parade which includes a laundrette, another co-op and a kebab shop.

The suburb centres around the triangular shaped Woodhatch Park which has a children's playground, football facilities, a gazebo, a seating area surrounded by plants and open grass for dog walkers.

Woodhatch Place is a modern office complex based around a Georgian house and its parkland, which has been the headquarters of Surrey County Council since 2021.

Woodhatch is almost half of one of the wards, South Park and Woodhatch which has a population on 7,145. [16]

Geology

Woodhatch lies on the Weald Clay, a sedimentary rock primarily consisting of mudstone that was deposited in the early Cretaceous. Much of Reigate is on the strata of the Lower Greensand Group. This group is multi-layered and includes the sandy Hythe Beds overlain by the clayey Sandgate Beds, which together form the high ground of Priory Park. [17] [18] Reigate Heath and the town centre are on quartz-rich Folkestone Beds [19] and the water-filled part of the castle moat is dug into narrow band of clay present in the sandstone. [20] To the north of the railway line is the Gault Formation, a stiff, blue-black, shaly clay, deposited in a deep-water marine environment. [21] At the base of the North Downs is a thin outcrop of Upper Greensand, above which lies the Chalk Group. [22]

One of the tunnels excavated through the Folkestone Beds beneath Reigate Castle - Barons' Sand Caves and Mine, Reigate (4791117611).jpg
One of the tunnels excavated through the Folkestone Beds beneath Reigate Castle

A number of quarries have operated in the Reigate area. Weald clay was dug for brickmaking at Brown's Brickyard in Woodhatch. [23] Building sand was excavated from Barnards Pit, to the west of the town, and at Wray Common Road to the east. [24] Seams of silver sand which occur in the Folkestone Beds were quarried for glass making and the caves beneath the castle may originally have been excavated for this purpose, before being used as cellars. There is also evidence of ironstone extraction in the town, although this practice is thought to have ceased by 1650. [25]

Reigate Stone was mined from the Upper Greensand from Medieval times until the mid-20th century [26] and was used in the construction of several local buildings, including the castle, Reigate Priory and St Mary's Church. There are the remains of a number of old chalk pits to the north of the town [27] and lime is thought to have been produced at a site at the base of Colley Hill, although the age of the workings is uncertain. [28]

History

Early history

A Bronze Age barbed and tanged flint arrowhead, found in Reigate BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (FindID 969304).jpg
A Bronze Age barbed and tanged flint arrowhead, found in Reigate

The earliest evidence of human activity in the Reigate area is a triangular stone axe from the Paleolithic, which was found in Woodhatch in 1936. [30] Worked flints from the later Neolithic have been found on Colley Hill. [31] Finds from the Bronze Age include a gold penannular ring, dated to c.1150 – c.750 BCE, [32] and a barbed spearhead from Priory Park. [33] The eight barrows on Reigate Heath are thought to date from the same period, when the surrounding area may have been marshland. [34] [13]

Roman tile kiln excavated in Doods Road Reigate-Roman-tile-kiln 2004 thumb2.jpg
Roman tile kiln excavated in Doods Road

During the Roman period, the Doods Road area was a centre for tile making. [36] An excavation in 2014 uncovered the remains of a 2nd- or 3rd-century kiln with several types of tile, identified as tegulae, imbrices and pedales. [35] [note 2] A series of artefacts discovered to the south west of the town centre in 2011, suggest that there was a high-status villa in the area. Coins from the reigns of Vespasian (69-79), Hadrian (117–138), Severus Alexander (222–235) and Arcadius (383-408), indicate that there was Roman activity in the local area throughout the duration of the occupation of Britain. [38]

The former name Cherchefelle suggests that the most recent period of permanent settlement in Reigate began in Anglo-Saxon times. [37] The main settlement is thought to have been located in the area of the parish church, to the east of the modern centre, although much of the population was probably thinly dispersed around the parish. [39] Excavations in Church Street in the late 1970s uncovered a Saxon glass jar and remains of a skeleton of uncertain age, [40] but archaeological evidence from the Anglo-Saxon period elsewhere in the town is sparse. [37]

Governance

Reigate appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Cherchefelle. It was held by William the Conqueror, who had assumed the lordship in 1075 on the death of Edith of Wessex, widow of Edward the Confessor. The settlement included two mills worth 11s 10d, land for 29 plough teams, [note 3] woodland and herbage for 140 swine, pasture for 43 pigs and 12 acres (4.9 ha) of meadow. The manor rendered £40 per year in 1086 and the residents included 67 villagers and 11 smallholders. [42] [43] The Domesday Book also records that the town was part of the larger Hundred of Cherchefelle. [41]

The non-corporate Borough of Reigate, covering roughly the town centre, was formed in 1295. It elected two MPs until the Reform Act of 1832 when it lost one. [44] In 1868, Reigate borough was disenfranchised for corruption, but representation in the House of Commons was restored to the town in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.[ citation needed ]

The manor of Cherchefelle was granted to William de Warenne when he was created Earl of Surrey c.1090 and under his patronage, Reigate began to thrive. The castle was constructed shortly afterwards and the modern town was established to the south in the late 12th century. [45] An Augustinian priory, founded by William de Warenne, is recorded in 1240. [37] By 1276, a regular market was being held and a record of 1291 describes Reigate as a Borough. [45] On the death of the seventh Earl, John de Warenne, in 1347, the manor passed to his brother-in-law, Richard Fitzalan, the third Earl of Arundel. In 1580 both Earldoms passed through the female line to Phillip Howard, whose father, Thomas Howard, had forfeited the title of Duke of Norfolk and had been executed for his involvement in the Ridolfi plot to assassinate Elizabeth I. [46] The dukedom was restored to the family in 1660, following the accession of Charles II. [47]

Reforms during the Tudor period reduced the importance of manorial courts and the day-to-day administration of towns such as Reigate became the responsibility of the vestry of the parish church. [48] By the early 17th century, the 5,000-acre (20 km2; 7.8 sq mi) ecclesiastical parish had been divided for administrative purposes into two parts: the "Borough of Reigate", which broadly corresponded to the modern town centre, and "Reigate Foreign", which included the five petty boroughs of Santon, Colley, Woodhatch, Linkfield and Hooley. [49] [note 4] The two parts were reunited in 1863 as a Municipal Borough with a council of elected representatives chaired by a mayor. [49] [50] The Borough was extended in 1933 to include Horley, Merstham, Buckland and Nutfield. [51]

The Local Government Act 1972 created Reigate and Banstead Borough Council, by combining the Reigate Borough with Banstead Urban District and the eastern part of the Dorking and Horley Rural District. [note 5] Since its inception in 1974, the council has been based in the Municipal Buildings in Castlefield Road, Reigate.

Reigate Castle

The gatehouse folly was constructed in 1777. Reigate Castle 002.jpeg
The gatehouse folly was constructed in 1777.

Reigate Castle was built in the late 11th or early 12th century, most likely by William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey. Taking the form of a motte-and-bailey castle, it was originally constructed of timber, but the curtain walls were rebuilt in stone around a century later. A water-filled moat section was dug into the clay on the north side and a dry ditch was excavated around the remainder of the structure. The large size of the motte indicates that the castle was designed both as a fortification and as the lord's residence from the outset. [53] [note 6]

Following the dissolution of the monasteries, the lords of the manor moved their primary residence to Reigate Priory, to the south of the town. The castle was allowed to decay, with only small outlays recorded in the manor accounts for repairs, until 1686, when the buildings were reported as ruinous. Much of the masonry was most likely removed for local construction projects, but in around 1777, Richard Barnes, who rented the grounds, built a new gatehouse folly using the remaining stone. A century later, the Borough Council was granted a long lease on the property, which had been turned into a public garden. [56] [note 7] Regular tours of the caves beneath the castle are run by the Wealden Cave and Mine Society. [58]

Reigate Priory

Former fish pond in Priory Park, restored in 2007 Priory Pond - geograph.org.uk - 1326750.jpg
Former fish pond in Priory Park, restored in 2007

William de Warenne, the fifth Earl of Surrey, is thought to have founded the Augustinian priory at Reigate before his death in 1240. [60] [note 8] Early documents refer to the priory as a hospital, but in 1334 it is described as a convent and thereafter as a purely religious institution. [62] The priory was built to the south of the modern town centre, close to the Wray stream, a tributary of the Wallace Brook, and a series of fish ponds was constructed in the grounds. [61] Although the exact layout is uncertain, the buildings are thought to have been arranged around a central square cloister, with the church on the north side and the refectory on the south. [63] The priory was created as a sub-manor of Reigate and was granted several local farms including one in each of Salford and Horley. It also received the manor of Southwick in West Sussex, which it gave to the Bishop of Winchester in 1335 and to compensate for the loss of income, it was awarded the annual pension from St Martin's Church in Dorking. [62] [note 9] [note 10] At the time of its dissolution in 1536, Reigate Priory was the least wealthy of all the Surrey religious houses. [62]

In 1541, Henry VIII granted the former priory to William Howard, Baron of Effingham, the uncle of Catherine Howard. [65] [66] The old church was converted to a private residence and the majority of the rest of the buildings were demolished. [67] [note 11] In 1615, the estate was inherited by Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, who had led the English fleet against the Spanish Armada. [68] On his death in 1624, it became the residence of his widow, Anne St John, [65] and then passed in 1639 to his daughter, Elizabeth, who had married John Mordaunt, 1st Earl of Peterborough. [69] In 1681, her grandson, Charles Mordaunt, 3rd Earl of Peterborough, sold the priory to John Parsons, one of the MPs for Reigate and the former Lord Mayor of London. [70] [71] [note 12]

Reigate Priory, south elevation Reigate Priory - geograph.org.uk - 1199604.jpg
Reigate Priory, south elevation

Richard Ireland, who purchased the priory in 1766 following the death of Humphrey Parsons, is primarily responsible for the appearance of the buildings today. [73] A fire destroyed much of the west wing and Ireland commissioned its rebuilding. He also shortened the length of the east wing from 75 ft (23 m) to 25 ft (7.6 m), so that the house was symmetrical. The walls of the two wings were raised to match the main north range and the Tudor features including the windows were replaced with Georgian fixtures. Finally the south-facing walls were refaced with a cement stucco. [74] Following Ireland's death in 1780, the priory passed through a succession of owners, including Lady Henry Somerset, who remodelled the grounds between 1883 and 1895, creating a sunken garden. [75] Following her death in 1921, the estate was divided for sale and much of the land was purchased for housebuilding. [76]

The final private owner of the house was the racehorse trainer, Peter Beatty, who sold it to the Mutual Property Life and General Insurance Company, which relocated from London for the second half of the Second World War. In 1945, the Borough Council purchased the priory for community use and designated the grounds as Public Open Space. [77] Two years later, the Reigate Priory County Secondary School opened with 140 children aged 13 and 14. In 1963 the boys moved to Woodhatch School and the Priory School continued as an all-girls secondary school. In 1971, the secondary school closed and Holmesdale Middle School, which had been founded in 1852, moved to the priory. [78]

Transport and communications

1820 Mogg Pocket or Case Map of London, England (24 Miles around) - Geographicus - London24-mogg-1820.jpg
1820 Mogg Pocket or Case Map of London, England (24 Miles around) - Geographicus - London24-mogg-1820.jpg
Extract from Mogg's Twenty Four Miles Round London, 1820 showing the turnpike roads through Reigate

In medieval times, the main road north from Reigate followed Nutley Lane, climbing Colley Hill in the direction of Kingston upon Thames, from where produce and manufactured items could be transported via the River Thames. [79] [note 13] [note 14] Although the direct route to London via Merstham had a less severe gradient, it appears to have been little used for the transport of goods. [79] The manor of Reigate was responsible for maintaining the roads in the local area, but repairs were carried out infrequently [81] and improvements were often only funded by private donations. [82] [note 15] In 1555, the responsibility for local infrastructure was transferred to the parish, and separate surveyors were employed for the Borough and for Reigate Foreign. The inefficiency created by this division resulted in frequent complaints and court cases relating to the poor state of the roads [81] and so, in 1691, local justices of the peace were given the role of appointing the surveyors. [83]

The first turnpike trust in Surrey was authorised by Parliament in 1697 to improve the road south from Woodhatch towards Crawley. The new road took the form of a bridleway, laid alongside the existing causeway between the River Mole crossing at Sidlow and Horse Hill, and was unsuitable for wheeled vehicles. [84] Repairs were also carried out on the route between Reigate and Woodhatch under the same Act. [85] A second turnpike was authorised in 1755, to improve the route from Sutton to Povey Cross, near Horley, which involved creating a new road north from Reigate over Reigate Hill. A cutting was excavated at the top of the hill, using a battering ram to break up the underlying chalk. The new route was completed the following year [86] and the old road via Nutley Lane was blocked at Colley Hill. [87] [note 16] In 1808, a second turnpike to the north was opened to Purley via Merstham. The new trust was required to pay £200 per year to the owners of the Reigate Hill road, in compensation for lost tolls. [90]

Reigate Tunnel Reigate tunnel - geograph.org.uk - 2180830.jpg
Reigate Tunnel

Two significant improvements to the road network in the town centre took place in the early nineteenth century. Firstly, in 1815, the Wray Stream, was culverted to improve the drainage and road surface of Bell Street. Secondly, a tunnel, the first road tunnel in England, was constructed at the expense of John Cocks, 1st Earl Somers the lord of the manor. Opened in 1823, it runs beneath the castle and links Bell Street to London Road. It enabled road traffic to bypass the tight curves at the west end of the town centre, but is now only used by pedestrians. [91] [92] The Borough Council became responsible for local roads on its formation in 1865. The final tolls were removed from the turnpikes in 1881. [93]

The first station to serve Reigate area was at Hooley, Earlswood and opened in 1841. The following year, the South Eastern Railway opened the railway station at Redhill, which was initially named Reigate Junction. [94] The railway line through Reigate was constructed by the Reading, Guildford and Reigate Railway and opened in 1849. It was designed to provide an alternative route between the west of England and the Channel ports, and serving intermediate towns was a secondary concern. [95] [note 17] Electrification of the section of line from Reigate to Redhill was completed on 1 January 1933. [97]

In February 1976, Reigate was joined to the UK motorway system when the M25 was opened between Reigate Hill and Godstone. [98] The section to Wisley via Leatherhead was opened in October 1985. [99]

Economy and commerce

From much of its early history, Reigate was primarily an agricultural settlement. At the time of the Norman conquest, the common fields covered some 3,500 acres (1,400 ha) and in 1623 the total area of arable land was around 4,500 acres (1,800 ha). [100] From the early 17th century, the manor began to specialise in the production of oatmeal for the Royal Navy, possibly due to the influence of Admiral Charles Howard, who lived at the priory. [101] [note 18] By 1710, 11.5% of the population was employed in cereal processing, but the trade dwindled in the mid-18th century and had ceased by 1786. [101] Until the early 18th century, most goods were traded locally, but thereafter, London is thought to have become the most important market for produce. [103]

The market in Reigate is first recorded in 1279, when John de Warenne, the 6th Earl of Surrey, claimed the right to hold a weekly market on Saturdays and five annual fairs. His son John, the 7th Earl, was granted permission to move the event to Tuesdays in 1313. [104] The original market place was to the west of the castle, in the triangle of land now bordered by West Street, Upper West Street and Slipshoe Street (where the former route to Kingston diverged from the road to Guildford). It moved to the widest part of the High Street, close to the junction with Bell Street, in the 18th century. [105] Cattle ceased to be sold in the late 19th century and the market closed in 1895, in part as a result of the opening of a fortnightly market in Redhill in 1870. [106]

Reigate has two surviving windmills: a post mill on Reigate Heath [107] and a tower mill on Wray Common. [108] In the early modern period, the parish had at least three other windmills [106] and about a dozen animal-powered mills for oatmeal. In addition, there were watermills along the southern boundary of the parish, on the Mole and Redhill Brook. [109]

The White Hart pub as depicted in a book on the London-Brighton road from 1894. The White Hart Reigate.jpg
The White Hart pub as depicted in a book on the London–Brighton road from 1894.

Although the opening of the Reigate Hill turnpike in 1755 provided an easier route to transport produce and manufactured items to London, the new road appears initially to have had a negative impact on the local economy, as goods produced elsewhere became cheaper than those made in the town itself. [110] As a result, there was little growth in the population between the 1720s and 1821. [111] In the late 18th century, the prosperity of the town began to recover as it became as stopping point on the London to Brighton coaching route. [110] [note 19] In 1793, over half of the traffic on the Reigate Hill turnpike was bound for the south coast and numbers swelled as a result of troop movements during the Napoleonic Wars. [112] The opening of the turnpike through Redhill, appears to have had little initial impact on the numbers travelling through the town, as travellers preferred to break their journeys in Reigate, rather than bypassing the town to the east. [112]

Residential development

Reigate began to expand following the arrival of the railway lines in the 1840s. At first, development was focused in the east of the parish. A new settlement, initially known as Warwick Town, was established on land owned by Sarah Greville, Countess of Warwick in the 1820s and 1830s. In 1856, the post office relocated its local branch to the growing village and the area became known as Redhill. Throughout the second half of the 19th century, Redhill expanded eastwards towards the Reigate town centre and the two towns are now contiguous. [113]

A new residential area was established at Wray Park, to the north of Reigate town centre, in the 1850s and 1860s. St Mark's Church was built to serve the new community. Doods Road was constructed in around 1864 and Somers Road, to the west of the station, followed shortly afterwards. In 1863, the National Freehold Land Society began to develop the Glovers Field estate, to the south east of the town centre, and also led efforts to build houses at South Park, to the west of Woodhatch. [114]

At the end of the 19th century, the estates of several large houses were broken up, releasing further land for development. [114] Glovers and Lesborne Roads, to the south east of the centre, were developed by the National Freehold Land Company c.1893. [115] [note 20] The Great Doods estate, between the railway line and Reigate Road, was sold in 1897 and the first houses in Deerings Road appeared shortly afterwards. [116] A major development occurred in 1921, when the Reigate Priory estate (which included much of the land in the town) was sold, enabling existing leaseholders to purchase the freehold of their properties and freeing up further land for construction. [76] [117]

Western Parade, Woodhatch, was built in 1936. Western Parade, Woodhatch - geograph.org.uk - 1598244.jpg
Western Parade, Woodhatch, was built in 1936.

In the early 20th century, South Park continued to expand to the south and east. The sale of Woodhatch Farm in the 1930s released the land for housebuilding. Further expansion in Woodhatch occurred in the 1950s, with the construction of council housing on the Rushetts Farm estate. [119]

Reigate in wartime

Although little fighting took place in Surrey during the Civil War, the Reigate Hundred was required to provide 80 men for the Parliamentarian army, but a force of only 60 was raised, including a captain and lieutenant. Troops were garrisoned in the town and by the summer of 1848, serious discontent was rising in the local area as a result. [120] The Royalist, Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, raised a fighting force and marched from Kingston to Reigate where his men plundered local property and briefly occupied the half-ruined castle. Parliamentary troops under Major Lewis Audley were sent to confront Rich, but he withdrew first to Dorking and then the following day back to Kingston. The withdrawal of the Royalists from Reigate was the final incident in the Civil War south of the River Thames before the execution of Charles I in 1649. [120] [121]

In September 1914, Reigate became a garrison town. Members of the London's Own Territorials were billeted in the town whilst undergoing training in the local area [122] and Reigate Lodge was used as an Army Service Corps supply depot. [123] Among the wartime economy measures imposed on the town, was the closure of Reigate railway station between January 1917 and February 1919. [124]

By the end of the First World War, there were three temporary hospitals for members of the armed forces in Reigate. The Hillfield Red Cross Hospital opened on 2 November 1914 and was equipped with an operating theatre and 50 beds. As well as treating injured soldiers transported home from overseas, the facility also treated troops garrisoned locally. [125] The Kitto Relief Hospital in South Park opened on 9 November 1914, initially as an annex to the Hillfield Hospital, but from 28 September 1915 it was affiliated to the Horton Hospital in Epsom. [126] The Beeches Auxiliary Military Hospital, on Beech Road, was opened in March 1916 with 20 beds, but expanded to 40 beds that October. The hospital relocated to a larger facility in the same road in July 1917 and became affiliated with the Lewisham Military Hospital two months later. [127] [128]

Bricked-up entrance to a WW2 air raid shelter, Tunnel Road Wartime Entrance - Tunnel Road Sand Caves and Mines, Reigate.jpg
Bricked-up entrance to a WW2 air raid shelter, Tunnel Road

Some 5000 evacuees from London were sent to the Reigate and Redhill area at the start of the Second World War in September 1939, [129] but by February of the following year around 2000 had returned home. [130] The caves beneath Reigate Castle were converted for use as public air raid shelters [129] and the first bombing raid on the town took place on 15 August 1940. [131] There was a succession of raids in November 1940, including on the 7th when Colley Hill and Reigate Hill were attacked. [132] Towards the end of the war, in 1944, the Tea House café on top of Reigate Hill was destroyed by a V-1 flying bomb. [133]

For much of the war, Reigate was the headquarters of the South Eastern Command of the British Army. [134] [135] The defence of the town was the responsibility of the 8th Surrey Battalion of the Home Guard, [136] but the East Surrey Water Company and the London Passenger Transport Board formed separate units to defend local infrastructure. [137] [138] Tank traps in the castle grounds were among the defences installed in the town. [134] Before being deployed to the Western Front, the 1st Battalion of the Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment (part of the Canadian Army, was encamped locally. [139] [note 21] On 19 March 1945 a U.S. Air Force B17G, returning from a bombing raid in Germany, crashed into Reigate Hill in low-visibility conditions. Two memorial benches, carved in the shape of wing tips, were installed as a memorial at the crash site 70 years later. [141]

National and local government

UK parliament

The town is in the parliamentary constituency of Reigate and has been represented at Westminster since May 1997 by Conservative Crispin Blunt. [142]

County council

Reigate has two of the 81 Surrey County Council representatives, elected every four years: [143]

ElectionMember [144]

Ward

2013Zully Grant-DuffReigate
2013Barbara ThomsonEarlswood and Reigate South

In January 2021, the county council moved its headquarters from Kingston upon Thames to Woodhatch Place at 11 Cockshott Hill, in the Woodhatch area of Reigate. [145] [146]

Borough council

Reigate Town Hall main public entrance Reigate~TownHall.jpg
Reigate Town Hall main public entrance

Five councillors sit on Reigate and Banstead borough council, who operate a council-elected-in-thirds system, which results in voting for one local candidate in three out of every four years:

ElectionMember [144]

Ward

2010Adam de SaveReigate Central
2011Steve FarrerReigate Central
2011Christopher WhinneyReigate Central
2008Roger NewsteadReigate Hill
2010Lisa BruntReigate Hill

Twin towns

The borough is twinned with Brunoy (Île-de-France, France) and Eschweiler (North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany). [147]

Demography and housing

In the 2011 Census, the population of the Reigate built-up area, including Woodhatch, was 22,123. [1]

2011 Census Households [1]
PopulationHouseholds% Owned outright% Owned with a loanhectares
Reigate and Woodhatch22,1239,03634.538.5316
Regional average35.132.5
2011 Census Homes [1]
DetachedSemi-detachedTerracedFlats and apartmentsCaravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboatsShared between households
Reigate and Woodhatch2,4872,8531,378260769

Across the South East Region, 28% of homes were detached houses and 22.6% were apartments. [1]

Public services

Utilities

Reigate Water Works Company was established in 1858. [148] It opened a plant on Littleton Lane the following year, to supply drinking water to the town from the Wallace Brook. [149] It was purchased by the East Surrey Water Company in 1896, [148] which closed the Reigate works after extending its mains network to the town from Caterham. [149] [note 22] The first sewerage system in Reigate was installed in 1876 and included a main outfall sewer running under Bell Street via Woodhatch to the treatment works at Earlswood Common. [151]

Reigate Gas Company was formed in 1838 and opened a gasworks on London Road a year later. [149] [152] Initially it was contracted to supply gas for 28 street lights in the town centre, but by 1860, increasing domestic demand necessitated the opening of a larger facility at the north end of Nutley Lane. In 1921, the Reigate company was taken over by the Redhill Gas Company, which had been formed in 1865. [149]

An electricity generating station was authorised by the Reigate Electric Lighting Order 1897 and constructed in a former sand quarry next to the railway line off Wray Common Road. [153] On opening it had an installed capacity of 230 kW, but by the time of its closure in 1936, the maximum power output had risen to 2.7 MW. [152] Under the Electricity (Supply) Act 1926, Reigate was connected to the National Grid, initially to a 33 kV supply ring, which linked the town to Croydon, Dorking, Epsom and Leatherhead. In 1939, the ring was connected to the Wimbledon-Woking main via a 132 kV substation at Leatherhead. [154] [152]

Emergency services

Reigate Fire Station Reigate fire station - geograph.org.uk - 472257.jpg
Reigate Fire Station

The Borough police force was founded in 1864 and initially consisted of a superintendent, a sergeant and eight constables. [151] The original police station was in West Street, but was moved to the High Street in around 1866 and to the Municipal Buildings around the turn of the century. A new police station was opened in Reigate Road in 1972, coinciding with the merger of the Borough force with the Surrey Constabulary. [155]

In 1809, two fire engines were presented to the vestry, which was charged with appointing a group of six men to operate it when needed. The brigade was expanded to 12 members in 1854. [156] A new fire station, with a four-storey tower and a pagoda style roof, opened next to the new town hall in Castlefield Road in 1901. [157] The brigade moved to Croydon Road in 1955. [158] In 2021, the fire authority for Reigate is Surrey County Council and the statutory fire service is Surrey Fire and Rescue Service. [159] The Ambulance Community Response Post, located at the fire station, is run by the South East Coast Ambulance Service. [160]

Healthcare

The nearest accident & emergency department is at East Surrey Hospital (3.7 km (2.3 mi)). [161] As of 2021, the GP practice on Yorke Road. [162]

Economy

Willis Towers Watson office with statuary and cedar tree Watson Wyatt offices and Margot Fonteyn statue - geograph.org.uk - 630775.jpg
Willis Towers Watson office with statuary and cedar tree

At one time the airline Air Europe had its head office in Europe House in Reigate. [163] Redland plc the FTSE 100 building materials company was headquartered in Reigate before its acquisition by Lafarge. The insurance company Esure is in the former Redland headquarters, and the Redland brick sculpture remains in front of the building.

Canon UK had their headquarters on the southern outskirts of Reigate. [164] The building, opened by the Duke of Edinburgh in 2000, has won numerous design and 'green' awards. [164] [165]

The European headquarters of Kimberly-Clark are on London Road in the town, just south of Reigate railway station. [166] Further along London Road towards the town centre can be found the former European headquarters of Willis Towers Watson, prior to the merger with Willis where the global and British headquarters relocated to Lime Street in London [167] in front of which is a life-size bronze of Margot Fonteyn and a huge picturesque cedar tree.

Reigate is home to Pilgrim Brewery, which moved to its West Street address in 1984. [168] It was the first new brewery to be established in Surrey for over a century and whose beers are brewed using the local water.[ citation needed ]

Transport

Buses

Reigate is linked by a number of bus routes to Redhill and the surrounding towns and villages in east Surrey. Operators serving the town include Compass Bus, London General, Metrobus and Southdown. Routes 420 and 460 link the town to the East Surrey Hospital and the latter also runs to Gatwick Airport. [169] [170]

Trains

Reigate railway station is a short distance to the north of the town centre and is managed by Southern. The operator runs services to London Victoria via Redhill and East Croydon. Trains to Reading via Guildford and to Gatwick Airport via Redhill are run by Great Western Railway. [171]

Cycle routes

The Surrey Cycleway passes through Woodhatch. [172]

Long-distance footpaths

The Greensand Way, a 174 km (108 mi) long-distance footpath from Haslemere, Surrey to Hamstreet, Kent, passes through Reigate Park to the south of the town centre. [173] [174] The North Downs Way, between Farnham and Dover, runs from west to east across Colley Hill and Reigate Hill. [175]

Education

Maintained schools

There are several primary schools in Reigate. Dovers Green School and Wray Common Primary School are members of the Greensand Multi-Academy Trust. [176] [177] Sandcross Primary School is part of the Everychild Trust.

Reigate Parish Church Primary School was founded as the Reigate National School. Originally in West Street, it moved to London Road in 1854 and then to Blackborough Road in 1995. [178]

Reigate Priory Junior School traces its origins to a non-denominational school, founded in 1852 in the High Street. It moved to Holmesdale Road in the 1860s and in 1993 moved to the priory, taking over the classrooms previously used by Reigate Priory Middle School. [78] The school educates children between the ages of 7 and 11 and is due to move to new premises on Cockshott Hill in 2023. [179]

Reigate School is a coeducational secondary school in Woodhatch. It educates children aged 11 to 16. It is part of the Greensand Multi-Academy Trust. [180]

The Royal Alexandra and Albert School traces its origins to an orphanage for children of Dissenters, founded in Hoxton, London in 1759. The orphanage expanded rapidly and by 1769 had 28 boys and 25 girls between the ages of 6 and 9 in its care. It relocated several times during the following two centuries and, in 1943 it was renamed the Royal Alexandra School and was based on a 180-acre (73 ha) site at Duxhurst, near Salfords. [181] A separate institution, the Royal Albert Orphan Asylum was founded near Bagshot in 1864 and admitted its first 100 children in December of that year. [182] It was renamed the Royal Albert School in 1942. [183] The management of the Royal Alexandra and the Royal Albert Schools was merged in 1948 and the new organisation purchased the Gatton Park estate. The following year, an Act of Parliament was passed to formally amalgamate the two institutions. Boarding accommodation was constructed at Gatton Park in 1950 and pupils were relocated from the Bagshot and Duxhurst sites in stages between 1948 and 1954. [182] Today, the Royal Alexandra and Albert School is a coeducational maintained boarding school, [184] educating 1125 children between the ages of 7 and 18. [185]

Reigate College is a coeducational sixth form college for students aged 16 to 19. [186] It opened in 1976 on Castlefield Road, to the east of the town centre. [187] The main building, constructed in 1927, was previously occupied by the Reigate County School for Girls and was designed by the architecture firm Jarvis and Porter. [188] [189]

Independent schools

Micklefield School was founded in 1910 and takes its name from its original location, Micklefield House in Evesham Road. It moved to its current site in Somers Road, to the north of the town centre, in 1925. [190] In 2021, Micklefield is a coeducational, independent day school for children aged 2 to 11. [191]

Reigate St Mary's School was founded in 1950 as the choir school for St Mary's Church. Initially for boys only, it became coeducational in 2003, when it was made the principal feeder school for Reigate Grammar School. [192] In 2021, Reigate St Mary's is a coeducational day school for children aged 2 to 11. [193]

Reigate Grammar School Reigate Grammar School.jpg
Reigate Grammar School

Reigate Grammar School traces its origins to 1675, when Henry Smith, an Alderman of the City of London, left a bequest of £150 for the purchase of land for a "free school". The first master, Revd John Williamson, was the vicar of Reigate and for the first two centuries, several headmasters were also parish priests. The school became a grammar school in 1861 and around this time many of the original buildings were replaced. The school was taken over by Surrey County Council under the Education Act 1944, but became independent in 1976. In the same year, girls were admitted to the sixth form and the school became fully coeducational in 1993. It merged with Reigate St Mary's Prep School and Chinthurst School in 2003 and 2017 and, as of 2021, the three school together educate around 1,500 pupils aged from 3 to 18. An international division was created in 2017, to work in partnership with the Kaiyuan Education Fund, to establish up to five schools in China. [194]

Dunottar School Dunottar School - geograph.org.uk - 726246.jpg
Dunottar School

Dunottar School was founded in 1926 and is named after Dunottar Castle in Aberdeenshire, where the Scottish Crown Jewels were kept between 1651 and 1660. In 1933, the school moved to its current site, the former High Trees house, which had been built in 1867. [195] [196] In 2021, Dunottar is a co-educational independent day school for children aged 11 to 18. [197] It became part of United Learning in 2014. [195]

Other schools

Reigate Valley College at Sidlow just south of the town is a former pupil referral unit that educates pupils that have had behavioral issues in mainstream schools. [198] There are two special schools in the town catering for students with special educational needs, Brooklands School on Wray Park Road and Moon Hall College at Flanchford Bridge near Leigh.

Places of worship

Church of St Mary Magdalene

Church of St Mary Magdalene St Mary Magdalene's Church, Chart Lane, Reigate (NHLE Code 1188125) (June 2013).JPG
Church of St Mary Magdalene

The first record of a church at Reigate is from the late 12th century, when the church of Crechesfeld was presented to the Priory of St Mary Overie by Hamelin and Isabel de Warenne, the Earl and Countess of Surrey. [199] At the time of the gift, the church is thought to have consisted of a nave, chancel and possibly a central tower. [200] The oldest parts of today's St Mary's Church date from c.1200. [201] The building was extended several times in the late-medieval period, including the additions of the north and south aisles in the mid-late 13th century, [200] the south chancel chapel in the 14th century [201] and the relocation of the tower to the west end in the first half of the 15th century. [200] Two phases of significant reconstruction took place in Victorian times. In 1845, the architect, Henry Woodyer, was responsible for renewing the local Reigate Stone walls and, in 1874–7, George Gilbert Scott Jr. installed new roofing and refaced the tower in Bath Stone. [201]

The medieval rood screen, separating the chancel from the nave, was restored by Woodyer, who was also responsible for much of the current stained glass. There are several 17th- and 18th-century monuments inside the church, the largest of which a memorial to Richard Labroke (d. 1730) who is depicted in Roman dress, flanked by the figures of Justice and Truth. [201]

Reigate Mill Church

Reigate Mill Church Mill church.jpg
Reigate Mill Church

Reigate Heath Windmill was built c.1765 and was last worked by wind in 1862. [202] The weatherboarded upper section of the post mill holds the sails and sits above the brick roundhouse below. [203] The roundhouse was converted into a chapel of ease to the Church of St Mary Magdalen in 1880 and services are held in the building during the summer months. It is thought to be the only windmill to be used as a church in England. [202]

Reigate Heath Church

Reigate Heath Church, on Flanchford Road, was built in 1907 as a chapel of ease to St Mary Magdalen. It is constructed from corrugated galvanised iron and is typical of the tin tabernacles, built around the same time. [204] [205]

St Mark's Church

St Mark's Church St Mark's Church - geograph.org.uk - 822223.jpg
St Mark's Church

St Mark's Church, in Alma Road, was opened in 1860 to serve a new area of housing, under construction to the north of the railway station. [206] It was designed by the architects firm, Field & Hilton, and is built in Reigate Stone. [207] The tower and spire were added in 1863, but the spire was demolished in 1919. The church was heavily damaged during the Second World War, necessitating the demolition of the south transept. Most of the windows were destroyed by bomb blasts and a new East Window, designed by Francis Spear, was installed in 1955. [206]

St Philip's Church

St Philip's Church, to the north west of the town centre, was built in 1863, originally as a chapel of ease to St Mark's Church. [208] The pulpit dates from 1898 and the reredos was installed in 1919. [209] Following the First World War, the east end of the church was reordered to raise the floor level and the chancel was enlarged into the nave in 1957. [210]

St Luke's Church

St Luke's Church, to the south of the town, was opened in 1871. It is constructed from Reigate Stone and is built in the Gothic style. The west end was damaged during a storm in the 1960s and the affected wall was replaced by a clear-glazed window. The church was extended to the west, with the addition of an annex, which provides accommodation for the Winter Night Shelter. [211]

Reigate Methodist Church

Reigate Methodist Church Reigate Methodist Church, High Street, Reigate (June 2013) (3).jpg
Reigate Methodist Church

Although John Wesley visited Reigate four times between 1770 and 1775, [212] the first Methodist chapel was not established in the town until 1858. The current church, in the High Street, was built in 1884. [213] [214]

Catholic Church of the Holy Family

The Catholic Church of the Holy Family was built in Yorke Road, on land donated by a local benefactor. It was consecrated in 1939. A mass centre was established in a wooden building in Woodhatch, but was closed in 2003 after almost 50 years of use. [215]

Culture

Art

Reigate Priory Museum holds an early-16th century portrait of John Lymden, the final Prior of Reigate. [216] The Town Hall holds several artworks, including paintings by Henry Tanworth Wells (18281903), [217] George Leon Little (18621941) [218] [219] [220] and George Hooper (19101994). [221] Landscapes depicting scenes of the Reigate area by the artists Alfred Walter Williams (18231905), James Thomas Linnell (18261905) and Albert Ernest Bottomley (18731950) are held by Leicester Museum and Art Gallery, [222] the Royal Pavilion and Museums Trust, Brighton, [223] and Derby Museum and Art Gallery respectively. [224] Among the works of public art in the town is a statue of the ballet dancer, Margot Fonteyn, by the artist Nathan David, which was installed at the south end of London Road in 1980. [225] [note 23]

Literature

Reigate is the setting for the Sherlock Holmes short story "The Adventure of the Reigate Squire" (also known as "The Adventure of the Reigate Squires" and "The Adventure of the Reigate Puzzle"). It is one of twelve stories featured in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. [226] [227]

Sport

Association football

Reigate Priory F.C. was founded in 1870, just seven years after The Football Association was created. It has played its home games at its ground in Park Lane for the entirety of its history.

South Park F.C. was founded in 1897 and has been a member of the Redhill & District Football League since its inception. The club initially played its home games in upper South Park, between Crescent Road and Church Road. In the late 1920s, it moved to its current premises in Whitehall Lane. [228]

Cricket

Reigate Priory Cricket Club was founded in 1852, but it is believed that the sport has been played in the town since the 1770s. [229] [note 24] The first recorded match at the club ground was in 1853, between teams from East Surrey and West Sussex.

Golf

Reigate Heath Golf Course clubhouse and windmill church Reigate Heath Windmill and Reigate Heath Golf Club clubhouse - geograph.org.uk - 2081552.jpg
Reigate Heath Golf Course clubhouse and windmill church

Reigate Heath Golf Club was founded in 1895. Permission to create a 9-hole course on the heath was granted on the condition that male and female club members had equal rights. [230]

The 18-hole Reigate Hill Golf Course was laid out as a par 72 course by the designer, David Williams. [231]

Rugby Union

Old Reigatian R.F.C. was founded in 1927. Initially the club played its home games at St Alban's Road, but after one year it relocated to Home Farm, Merstham. It moved to its current ground on Park Lane in 1946 and the current clubhouse opened in 2012. As of 2022, the 1st XV plays in the London Two South West League. [232]

Notable buildings and landmarks

Cranston Library

The Cranston Library was opened in 1701 and is the oldest public lending library in England. [233] It was intended primarily for the use of the clergy of the Archdeaconry of Ewell, but its remit was expanded in 1708, to maintain a collection of books "for the use and perusal of the Freeholders, Vicar and Inhabitants" of Reigate Parish "and of the Gentlemen and Clergymen inhabiting parts thereunto adjacent." [234] The library is named after its founder, Andrew Cranston who was the Vicar of Reigate from 1697 to 1708. It is housed on the first floor of the vestry of the Church of St Mary Magdalene. The collection includes over 2000 books, most of which date from the 17th and 18th centuries. [233]

New Town Hall

Town Hall, Castlefield Road Reigate Town Hall - geograph.org.uk - 630757.jpg
Town Hall, Castlefield Road

The current town hall was completed in 1901 to replace the old town hall in the High Street. It was designed by Macintosh and Newman in the Arts and Crafts style [157] and was originally known as the Municipal Buildings. [235] On opening, it also housed the police station and courts, but the police moved to new premises in Reigate Road in 1943 [236] and the courts service vacated the building in the early 1970s. [237] The town hall has been the headquarters of Reigate and Banstead Borough Council, since its inception on 1 April 1974.

Old Town Hall

The old town hall, at the east end of the High Street, was constructed in around 1728. [238] It was built on the site of a chapel, dedicated to St Thomas Becket that was existence before 1330. Following the Reformation, the chapel became a market house. It was demolished in around 1785 and was replaced by the current red brick structure. [239] The building served as the headquarters of Reigate Municipal Borough Council from its formation in 1863 [240] until the borough council moved to the new town hall in Castlefield Road in 1901. [241] Randal Vogan purchased the old town hall in 1922 and presented it to the Borough Council. [242]

Reigate Fort

Reigate Fort, on Reigate Hill, is one of 13 London Defence Positions, built in the 1890s. [243] They were primarily designed as infantry redoubts, to be used in the event of an invasion by the French. The Reigate Fort was completed in 1898 and is one of the largest in the 72 mi (116 km) defensive line. It was defended by an earth rampart and had a clear view south over Reigate. Among the surviving buildings is a magazine, which would have been used for storing ammunition. [244] [245] Reigate Fort was declared redundant in 1907 and the land was sold. During the First World War, it was used as an ammunition store and is thought to have been used as a communications station for the British Army South East Command in the Second World War. [246] The fort was restored in the early 2000s and is open to the public. [247] [248]

Reigate Hill Footbridge

Reigate Hill Footbridge Reigate Hill footbridge.jpg
Reigate Hill Footbridge

Reigate Hill Footbridge carries the North Downs Way over the A217 to the north of the town. It was completed in 1910 and has a span of 97 ft (30 m). It was built using the Hennebique method of construction and is one of the earliest reinforced concrete bridges in England. [249] It replaced an earlier chain suspension bridge, which was built in 1825. [175] [250]

Wray Common Windmill

Wray Common Windmill Wray Common mill.jpg
Wray Common Windmill

Wray Common Windmill was built in 1824 and is to the northeast of the town centre. It is a tower mill constructed of tarred bricks with a metal cap. [251] The mill was used to grind corn until 1895, when it became an agricultural store. It was converted into a four-storey private residence in the 1960s. The building underwent a programme of restoration between 2004 and 2007, which included the installation of new, non-functioning sails. [252]

Parks and open spaces

Castle Gardens

The gardens on the site of the castle were laid out in the 1870s and cover an area of about 5 acres (2.0 ha). They were leased to the Borough Council by Lord Somers in 1873, but the freehold was not acquired by the council until 1921. [56] A stone pyramid on top of the motte acts as a sally port to the Barons' Cave below. [253] [254]

Lower Gatton Park

Lower Gatton Park, around 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Reigate, is a 234 ha (580-acre) area of parkland on the south-facing lower slopes of the North Downs. It has its origins as a medieval deer park, which was created from the demesne lands of the manor of Gatton. It was landscaped by Capability Brown in the 1760s and 1770s and includes an 11 ha (27-acre) ornamental lake. [255] The park is open to the public on the first Sunday of each month from February to October. [256]

Priory Park

The grounds of Reigate Priory were purchased by Randal Vogan in 1920, who donated the land to the Borough Council "to be preserved in its natural beauty for the use and quiet enjoyment of the public". [76] [note 25] The 58 ha (140-acre) park was opened to the public in 1946.[ citation needed ] In 2007, the Borough Council began a restoration project, partly funded by a £4.2M lottery grant. [257] The pavilion, designed by the architect, Dominique Perrault, was constructed as part of the project and houses a cafe. [258] [259] The park offers a children's play area, tennis courts and a skate park, as well as walking trails, formal gardens and a lake. [260]

Reigate Heath

Reigate Heath is a 65 ha (160-acre) Site of Special Scientific Interest to the west of the town centre. Much of the area is open heath and acid grassland, where common heather, bell heather and wavy hair-grass are the dominant species. Petty whin, soft trefoil and bird's-foot fenugreek are also found in these areas. The site also includes Alder woodland, home to species such as the common bluebell, marsh violet, marsh pennywort and the rare white sedge. At the eastern edge of the heath is an area of marshy meadow, a habitat not found elsewhere in Surrey, which supports meadowsweet, wild angeliva, marsh marigolds and the southern marsh orchid. [261]

South Park

South Park, to the west of Woodhatch, is a 4.25 ha (10.5-acre) recreation ground managed by the South Park Sports Association. Facilities include sports pitches and a children's playground. [262] A new pump track for mountain bike and BMX riders, funded by two £20,000 grants, was opened in December 2021. [263] The park has been protected by the Fields in Trust charity since October 1934. [262]

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. The name "Wray Common" is thought to derive from the Old English (at)theree meaning "(at) the stream". [6]
  2. Roman tiles originating from Reigate have been found in London. It is probable that ceramics were transported to markets in Londinium via Stane Street or the London to Brighton Way to the west and east of the town. The nearest points on the two Roman roads to the Doods Road tilery are around 9 km (5.6 mi) distant. [37]
  3. Each plough team was capable of cultivating 120 acres (49 ha) per year, giving a total area of 3,480 acres (14.1 km2; 5.44 sq mi) of arable land in Reigate in 1086. [41]
  4. The division of Reigate parish into two distinct administrative areas is unusual among Surrey towns. [49]
  5. Buckland and Nutfield were transferred to Mole Valley and Tandridge Districts respectively.
  6. Local legend says that part of Magna Carta was drafted in the Barons' Cave beneath Reigate Castle in 1215, but the academic consensus is that this story is untrue. [54] The earliest recorded reference to the cave system is from 1586. [55]
  7. In late Victorian times, the field to the east of the castle was used as a cricket pitch. [56] A new road, Castlefield Road, was constructed over the field and the Municipal Buildings were built on the west side, opening in 1901. [57]
  8. The fifth Earl's parents, Hamelin and Isabel de Warenne had previously presented Reigate Church to the Augustinian Priory of St Mary Overie in Southwark. [61]
  9. From the 1190s until at least 1291, St Martin's Church in Dorking paid an annual pension of £6 to Lewes Priory in East Sussex. [64]
  10. Later grants to Reigate Priory include land in Burstow [63] and Westhumble, as well as the advowson of St Michael's Church, Mickleham. [62]
  11. The chancel at the east end of the priory church became the Howards' private chapel. [67]
  12. John Parsons was typical of several London businessmen who had experienced the Great Plague of 1665-66 and who chose to move their residences out of the city. [72]
  13. During the middle ages, goods were generally transported using packhorses, rather than wheeled carts. [79]
  14. In the medieval and early modern periods, Kingston upon Thames acted as a "port" for much of east Surrey, from where goods could be distributed via the Thames to London and elsewhere. [80]
  15. In 1466, Richard Jay of Crawley left money in his will to fund repairs to "the weies [ways] of the new causey [causeway] between Crawlei and Reygate". [82]
  16. On opening, the turnpike over Reigate Hill was so steep that coach passengers had alight and to ascend on foot. In the early 19th century, the base of the cutting was lowered to reduce the gradient [88] and bends in the road were straightened in 1825. [89]
  17. Reigate railway station was known as Reigate Town until 1898. [96]
  18. 16th and 17th century documents indicate that hops were grown in the local area by smallholders and that flax was important as a secondary crop. There is no surviving record of rye being cultivated in Reigate. [102]
  19. Between July and October 1760, approximately 400 visitors to Brighton passed through Reigate, rising to 2000 over the same period in 1787 and between 12,000 and 15,000 in Summer 1811. [112]
  20. Glovers Road is named after Ambrose Glover, a leaseholder of the land before it was developed. [115]
  21. Canadian servicemen were injured in September 1940, when two bombs fell at the junction of Evesham Road and West Street. [140]
  22. The Colley Hill Water Tower was built in 1911 by the Sutton District Water Company, following its acquisition of the Kingswood and District Water Company. [150]
  23. The statue marks the site of the house, where Fonteyn was born in 1919. [225]
  24. Thomas White, the batsman responsible for the so-called "wide bat controversy" at a 1771 match between Chertsey and the Hambledon Club, is thought to have lived in Reigate for much of his life. [229]
  25. Randal Vogan's generosity to Reigate is commemorated in two local street names: Randal Crescent and Vogan Close. [76]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Surrey</span> County of England

Surrey is a county in South East England which borders Kent to the east, East Sussex to the southeast, West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest, and Greater London to the northeast. With about 1.2 million people, Surrey is the 12th-most populous English county, the third-most populous home county, after Kent and Essex, and the third-most populous in the Southeast, after Hampshire and Kent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reigate and Banstead</span> Place in England

Reigate and Banstead is a local government district with borough status in east Surrey, England. It includes the towns of Reigate, Redhill, Horley and Banstead. The borough borders the Borough of Crawley to the south, the Borough of Epsom and Ewell and District of Mole Valley to the west, Tandridge District to the east and the London Boroughs of Sutton and Croydon to the north.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Redhill, Surrey</span> Town in Surrey, England

Redhill is a town in the borough of Reigate and Banstead within the county of Surrey, England. The town, which adjoins the town of Reigate to the west, is due south of Croydon in Greater London, and is part of the London commuter belt. The town is also the post town, entertainment and commercial area of three adjoining communities : Merstham, Earlswood and Whitebushes, as well as of two small rural villages to the east in the Tandridge District, Bletchingley and Nutfield.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A25 road</span>

The A25 road is an east–west main road in the South-East of England. Its carries traffic east from Guildford, Surrey, eastward through Surrey and into mid-west Kent, to the town of Sevenoaks, and then on to Wrotham Heath where it connects with the A20.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tadworth</span> Human settlement in England

Tadworth is a large suburban village in Surrey, England in the south-east of the Epsom Downs, part of the North Downs. It forms part of the Borough of Reigate and Banstead. At the 2011 census, Tadworth had a population of 7,123

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Horley</span> Town in Surrey, England

Horley is a town in the borough of Reigate and Banstead in Surrey, England, south of the towns of Reigate and Redhill. The county border with West Sussex is to the south with Crawley and Gatwick Airport close to the town.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Merstham</span> Human settlement in England

Merstham is a town in the borough of Reigate and Banstead in Surrey, England. It is north of Redhill and is contiguous with it. Part of the North Downs Way runs along the northern boundary of the town. Merstham has community associations, an early medieval church and a football club.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reigate (UK Parliament constituency)</span>

Reigate is a constituency in Surrey represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Crispin Blunt of the Conservative Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Walton-on-the-Hill</span> Human settlement in England

Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey, is a village in England midway between the market towns of Reigate and Epsom. The village is a dispersed cluster on the North Downs centred less than one mile inside of the M25 motorway. The village hosts the Walton Heath Golf Club, whose former members include King Edward VIII, Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salfords</span> Human settlement in England

SalfordsSAL-fudz) is a village in the borough of Reigate and Banstead in Surrey, England. It lies approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Redhill on the A23 London to Brighton road. The village is within the civil parish of Salfords and Sidlow which covers a population of 3,069, and has a parish council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A217 road</span>

The A217 is a road in London and Surrey in England. It runs north–south. It runs from Kings Road in Fulham, London, crosses the Thames at Wandsworth Bridge, then passes through Wandsworth, Earlsfield, Summerstown, Tooting, Mitcham, Rosehill and Sutton Common in Sutton, then Cheam. Then, widened as a dual carriageway, comes Belmont, a suburban district built on a slope rising southward. On the North Downs in Surrey the road then skirts past Banstead and through its late 19th century offspring villages particularly Burgh Heath and Kingswood, Surrey. It then crosses the M25 motorway at Junction 8, then, returning to single carriageways, passes through the castle town of Reigate. It then cuts through the green buffer farmland of two rural villages and terminates at the road network at Gatwick Airport's northern perimeter.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nork, Surrey</span> Human settlement in England

Nork is a residential area of the borough of Reigate and Banstead in Surrey and borders Greater London, England. Nork is separated from its post town Banstead only by the A217 dual carriageway, and the built-up area is also contiguous with similar parts of Tattenham Corner and Burgh Heath. A thin belt of more open land separates it from the communities to the north: Epsom, Ewell, Cheam and Belmont. There are two parades of shops, one called the Driftbridge and another at the north-eastern end of Nork Way, the street which runs centrally through the residential area. Nork lies on chalk near the top of the gentle north-facing slope of the North Downs, 175 m (575 ft) above sea level at its highest point.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingswood, Surrey</span> Human settlement in England

Kingswood or Kingswood with Burgh Heath is a residential area on the North Downs in the Borough of Reigate and Banstead in Surrey, England. Part of the London commuter belt, Kingswood is just to the east of the A217 separating it from Tadworth and has a railway station. Burgh Heath in its north is combined with it to form a ward. Reigate is 3.6 miles (5.8 km) south of its centre and London is 15.5 miles (24.9 km) to the north northeast. Kingswood with Burgh Heath had a population of 6,891 in 2011.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gatton, Surrey</span>

Gatton is a former village and borough in Surrey, England, and an ancient parish. It survives as a sparsely populated, predominantly rural locality, which includes Gatton Park, no more than 12 houses, and two farms on the slopes of the North Downs near Reigate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reigate Town Hall</span> Municipal building in Reigate, Surrey, England

Reigate Town Hall is a municipal building in Castlefield Road, Reigate, Surrey, England. The town hall, which is the meeting place of Reigate and Banstead Borough Council, is a Grade II listed building.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Old Town Hall, Reigate</span> Municipal building in Reigate, Surrey, England

The Old Town Hall is a municipal building in the High Street, Reigate, Surrey, England. It is a Grade II* listed building.

Woodhatch Place is a large office building on Cockshot Hill, Reigate, Surrey, England, which serves as the headquarters of Surrey County Council. The main building was built in 1998–1999 as the head office of Canon (UK) Limited, in the grounds of a Georgian house, previously called Woodhatch Lodge, with the original house being retained and restored as part of the development. The complex was bought by Surrey County Council in 2020 and converted to become the council's main offices and meeting place.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Reigate Built-up area sub division (1119884973)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  2. Gover, Mawer & Stenton 1934 , pp. 281–282
  3. Robert, Poulton (1980). "Cherchefelle and the origins of Reigate" (PDF). London Archaeologist. 3 (16): 433–436. doi:10.5284/1070630. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  4. 1 2 Gover, Mawer & Stenton 1934 , pp. 304–305
  5. Camden 1637 , p. 296
  6. 1 2 Gover, Mawer & Stenton 1934, p. 306
  7. Hooper 1979 , pp. 209–210
  8. Aubrey 1719 , p. 402
  9. Hooper 1979 , p. 149
  10. "Conservation Area Map" (PDF). Reigate and Banstead Borough Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. Historic England. "The Skimmington Castle Public House (1029061)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 16 October 2012.
  13. 1 2
  14. "OpenStreetMap". OpenStreetMap. Archived from the original on 28 August 2004. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  15. "Home - Reigate School". www.reigate-school.surrey.sch.uk. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  16. "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 4 June 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  17. Dines et al. 1933 , p. 47
  18. Dines et al. 1933 , p. 51
  19. Dines et al. 1933 , pp. 11–13
  20. Dines et al. 1933 , p. 77
  21. Dines et al. 1933 , pp. 80–82
  22. Gallois & Edmunds 1965
  23. Dines et al. 1933 , p. 37
  24. Dines et al. 1933 , p. 179
  25. Dines et al. 1933 , p. 177
  26. Michette M, Viles H, Vlachou C, Angus I (2020). "The many faces of Reigate Stone: an assessment of variability in historic masonry based on Medieval London's principal freestone". Heritage Science. 8: 80. doi: 10.1186/s40494-020-00424-w .
  27. Dines et al. 1933 , p. 100
  28. Dines et al. 1933 , p. 180
  29. Maslin, Simon (3 April 2020) [4 September 2019]. "Barbed and tanged arrowhead". The Portable Antiquities Scheme. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  30. Hooper, Wilfrid (1937). "A palaeolith from Surrey". The Antiquaries Journal. 17 (3): 318. doi:10.1017/S0003581500094403. S2CID   164049561.
  31. Hooper 1979 , p. 13
  32. Williams, David (February 2012). "A Bronze Age gold penannular ring from Reigate" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Society Bulletin. 431: 17. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  33. Williams, David (March 1994). "A late Bronze Age spearhead from Priory Park, Reigate" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Society Bulletin. 282: 19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  34. Hooker, Rose; English, Judie (October 2010). "Reigate Heath Archaeological Survey" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Society Bulletin. 425: 17–19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  35. 1 2 "Roman tile kiln excavated at Doods Road Reigate". Surrey County Council. 18 December 2014. Archived from the original on 21 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  36. Masefield, Robert (March 1994). "New evidence for a Roman tilery at Reigate in Surrey" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Society Bulletin. 282: 17–18. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  37. 1 2 3 4 Robertson, Jane (June 2003) [March 2001]. "Extensive Urban Survey of Surrey: Reigate" (PDF). Surrey County Archaeological Unit. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  38. Williams, David (February 2011). "A Roman site at Slipshatch Road, Reigate" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Society Bulletin. 425: 8–9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  39. Hooper 1979 , pp. 22
  40. Poulton, Robert (1986). "Excavations on the site of the Old Vicarage, Church Street, Reigate, 1977-82, Part I Saxo-Norman and earlier discoveries" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Collections. 77: 17–94. doi:10.5284/1069111. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  41. 1 2 Hooper 1979, pp. 20–21
  42. "Surrey Domesday Book". Archived from the original on 15 July 2007.
  43. Powell-Smith A (2011). "Reigate". Open Domesday. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  44. "A Vision of Britain: First mention of Redhill, units and statistics". University of Portsmouth. Archived from the original on 7 January 2015.
  45. 1 2 O'Connell, M (1977). "Historic Towns in Surrey" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Society Research Volumes. 5: 41. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2021. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  46. Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Norfolk, Earls and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 744.
  47. Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arundel, Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 706–709.
  48. Kümin 1996 , pp. 250–255
  49. 1 2 3 Greenwood 2008 , pp. 4–5
  50. Hooper 1979 , pp. 180–181
  51. Hooper 1979 , p. 190
  52. Historic England. "Reigate Castle Gateway (Grade II) (1188787)". National Heritage List for England.
  53. Hooper 1979 , p. 44
  54. Douglas 2016, p. 15
  55. "Barons' Cave, Reigate". The Time Chamber. 2022. Archived from the original on 7 April 2022. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  56. 1 2 3 Hooper 1979 , pp. 46–47
  57. Hooper 1979, p. 189
  58. "Reigate Caves". Wealden Cave and Mine Society. 2021. Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  59. Capper, Ian (29 May 2009). "TQ2449: Priory Pond". Geograph. Archived from the original on 9 September 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2021.
  60. Historic England. "Reigate Priory (Grade I) (1188089)". National Heritage List for England.
  61. 1 2 Ward 1998, pp. 11–12
  62. 1 2 3 4 Hooper 1979 , pp. 68–69
  63. 1 2 Ward 1998 , pp. 13–14
  64. Blair, J (1980). "The Surrey endowments of Lewes Priory before 1200" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Collections. 72: 97–126. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 January 2021. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  65. 1 2 Hooper 1979 , p. 71
  66. Moore, Alan (27 December 2006). "Reigate Priory and its owners". Redhill and Reigate Life. Archived from the original on 13 October 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  67. 1 2 Ward 1998 , pp. 21–22
  68. Ward 1998 , pp. 24–25
  69. Ward 1998 , pp. 28–29
  70. 1 2 Hooper 1979 , p. 73
  71. 1 2 Moore, Alan (23 January 2007). "Gates were too close to a pub". Redhill and Reigate Life. Archived from the original on 13 October 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  72. Ward 1998, p. 32
  73. Hooper 1979 , pp. 73–74
  74. Ward 1998 , p. 44
  75. Ward 1998 , pp. 63–65
  76. 1 2 3 4 Ward 1998 , pp. 86–87
  77. Ward 1998 , pp. 106–107
  78. 1 2 Ward 1998 , pp. 114–115
  79. 1 2 3 Greenwood 2008 , p. 7
  80. Greenwood 2008, p. 52
  81. 1 2 Hooper 1979 , pp. 82–83
  82. 1 2 Greenwood 2008 , pp. 23–24
  83. Greenwood 2008 , p. 23
  84. Hooper 1979 , p. 85
  85. Greenwood 2008 , p. 26
  86. Hooper 1979 , pp. 86–87
  87. Greenwood 2008 , p. 32
  88. Greenwood 2008, p. 29
  89. Greenwood 2008, p. 33
  90. Hooper 1979 , p. 90
  91. Ward 1998 , pp. 51–52
  92. Historic England. "The Tunnel (Grade II) (1241366)". National Heritage List for England.
  93. Hooper 1979 , p. 91
  94. Hooper 1979 , p. 177
  95. Jackson 1988 , p. 7
  96. Mitchell & Smith 1989, Fig. 97
  97. "Southern Railway Developments". The Times. No. 45724. London. 19 January 1931. p. 9.
  98. Asher 2018 , p. 115
  99. Petty, John (5 October 1985). "Cracked M25 link to open". Daily Telegraph. No. 40526. London. p. 36.
  100. Hooper 1979 , p. 40
  101. 1 2 Greenwood 2008 , pp. 52–53
  102. Greenwood 2008, pp. 10–11
  103. Greenwood 2008 , p. 16
  104. Hooper 1979 , pp. 25–26
  105. Hooper 1979 , pp. 77
  106. 1 2 Hooper 1979 , p. 96
  107. Farries & Mason 1966 , pp. 184–188
  108. Farries & Mason 1966 , pp. 191–193
  109. Farries & Mason 1966 , pp. 179–180
  110. 1 2 Greenwood 2008 , pp. 65–66
  111. Greenwood 2008 , p. 57
  112. 1 2 3 Greenwood 2008, pp. 38–39
  113. Hooper 1979 , pp. 178–179
  114. 1 2 Hooper 1979 , pp. 182–183
  115. 1 2 Ingram & Pendrill 1982 , p. 51
  116. Lovell, Cara (4 August 2004). "Rediscover the Great Doods". Redhill and Reigate Life. Archived from the original on 13 October 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  117. Moore, Alan (9 March 2007). "A lady not partial to a drink". Redhill and Reigate Life. Archived from the original on 13 October 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  118. Capper, Ian (28 November 2009). "TQ2548: Western Parade, Woodhatch". Geograph. Archived from the original on 27 August 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  119. Powell 2000a , pp. 71–72
  120. 1 2 Hooper 1979 , pp. 144–146
  121. Butt, C.R. (1959). "Surrey and the Civil War". Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research. 37 (149): 13–20. JSTOR   44226916.
  122. Ingram 1992 , p. 46
  123. Ingram 1992 , p. 49
  124. Mitchell & Smith 1989 , Fig. 99
  125. "Hillfield Red Cross Hospital". Lost Hospitals of London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 16 June 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  126. "The Croft Home". Lost Hospitals of London. November 2009. Archived from the original on 16 June 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  127. Ingram 1992 , pp. 56–57
  128. "The Beeches Auxiliary Military Hospital". Lost Hospitals of London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 16 June 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  129. 1 2 Slaughter 2004 , pp. 98–99
  130. Ogley 1995 , p. 25
  131. Pilkington 1997 , p. 196
  132. Ogley 1995 , p. 89
  133. Harding 1998 , p. 26
  134. 1 2 Powell 2000 , p. 71
  135. Ogley 1995 , p. 171
  136. Crook 2000 , p. 25
  137. Crook 2000 , p. 69
  138. Crook 2000 , p. 71
  139. Ogley 1995 , p. 144
  140. Harding 1998, p. 100
  141. "Reigate Hill WW2 plane crash memorial unveiled". BBC News. London. 19 March 2015. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  142. "Reigate". UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 7 August 2021. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  143. "List of County Councillors". Surrey County Council. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  144. 1 2 Reigate and Banstead councillors Archived 2013-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
  145. Armstrong, Julie (15 October 2020). "Surrey County Council set to be based in Surrey for first time in 55 years". Surrey Live. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  146. Armstrong, Julie (24 December 2020). "After 127 years, County Council finally moves back into Surrey". Guildford Dragon. Archived from the original on 14 May 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  147. Drapans, Will (17 April 2015). "Town Twinning". Reigate & Banstead Borough Council. Archived from the original on 7 August 2021. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  148. 1 2 Crocker 1999 , p. 75
  149. 1 2 3 4 Hooper 1979 , p. 176
  150. Capper, Ian (1 February 2009). "Colley Hill Water Tower". Geograph. Archived from the original on 17 September 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  151. 1 2 Hooper 1979 , pp. 181–182
  152. 1 2 3 Tarplee, Peter (2007). "Some public utilities in Surrey: Electricity and gas" (PDF). Surrey History. 7 (5): 262–272. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 February 2021. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  153. Capper, Ian (12 April 2021). "TQ2650: Former Reigate Corporation Electricity Works". UK Geograph. Archived from the original on 13 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  154. Crocker 1999 , p. 118
  155. Moore, Alan. "The Borough of Reigate Police Force". Redhill & Reigate History. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  156. Hooper 1979 , p. 174
  157. 1 2 Historic England. "Town Hall (1260489)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  158. "Reigate Old Fire Station". Fire Stations. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  159. "Our Fire Station". Surrey County Council. Archived from the original on 7 April 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  160. "Our Locations". South East Coast Ambulance Service. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  161. "Results for Hospitals in Reigate". National Health Service. Archived from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  162. "GPs near Reigate". National Health Service. Archived from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  163. "World Airline Directory". Flight International . 26 July 1980. 274 Archived 2012-11-04 at the Wayback Machine . "Head Office: Europe House, Bancroft Road, Reigate, Surrey, Great Britain."
  164. 1 2 "Canon UK". Canon. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  165. "Richmond in Surrey David Richmond + Partners' headquarters building for Canon in Reigate draws inspiration from an existing Regency villa to create a contemporary office complex with classical proport". Architects' Journal. 9 March 2000. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  166. "Locations". Kimberly Clark. Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  167. "Benefits Practice Summer Intern". Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  168. Seymour, Jenny (11 November 2013). "Reigate's Pilgrim Brewery comes of age after 30-year battle for survival". thisissurrey.co.uk. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  169. "East Surrey, Horley and Redhill bus timetables". Surrey County Council. 15 September 2020. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  170. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  171. "Reigate". Southern Railway. Archived from the original on 22 June 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  172. "The Surrey Cycleway" (PDF). Surrey County Council. 7 July 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 January 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  173. "The Greensand Way long distance route". Surrey County Council. 17 December 2020. Archived from the original on 2 January 2021. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  174. "The Greensand Way" (PDF). Surrey County Council. 12 May 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 January 2021. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  175. 1 2 Curtis & Walker 2007 , pp. 55–57
  176. "Dovers Green School". Greensand Multi-Academy Trust. Archived from the original on 18 January 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  177. "Wray Common Primary School". Greensand Multi-Academy Trust. Archived from the original on 18 January 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  178. Goss 1995 , p. 85
  179. Seymour, Jenny (20 December 2020). "Deteriorating Reigate Priory 'could be wedding venue, library, museum or posh restaurant'". Surrey Live. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  180. "Reigate School". Greensand Multi-Academy Trust. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  181. Clarke 2005 , p. 3
  182. 1 2 "School Timeline". Royal Alexandra & Albert School. 2021. Archived from the original on 2 October 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  183. Clarke 2005 , p. 35
  184. "School Overview". Royal Alexandra & Albert School. 2021. Archived from the original on 2 October 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  185. "Royal Alexandra and Albert School". Ofsted. 8 October 2020. Archived from the original on 2 October 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  186. "Why choose Reigate College?". Reigate College. 2019. Archived from the original on 2 October 2021. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  187. Reigate_College_Prospectus 1985 , p. 5
  188. Goss 1995 , p. 81
  189. Capper, Ian (16 May 2009). "Reigate College". UK Geograph. Archived from the original on 2 October 2021. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  190. "History". Micklefield School. 2021. Archived from the original on 6 March 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  191. "Welcom". Micklefield School. 2021. Archived from the original on 16 April 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  192. "History & Tradition". Reigate St Mary's. 24 September 2021. Archived from the original on 10 October 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  193. "Welcome to Reigate St Mary's". Reigate St Mary's. 17 September 2021. Archived from the original on 10 October 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  194. "History & Tradition". Reigate Grammar School. 11 March 2021. Archived from the original on 10 October 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  195. 1 2 "Our History & Future". Dunottar School. April 2021. Archived from the original on 6 March 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  196. Historic England. "Dunottar School (High Trees) (Grade II) (1260767)". National Heritage List for England.
  197. "FAQs". Dunottar School. 2021. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  198. "South East Surrey Short Stay School becomes Reigate Valley College". surreymirror.co.uk. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  199. Malden 1911 , pp. 229–245
  200. 1 2 3 Hooper 1979 , pp. 50–51
  201. 1 2 3 4 Historic England. "Church of St Mary Magdalene (Grade II*) (1188125)". National Heritage List for England.
  202. 1 2 "New tail post for restored Reigate Heath windmill". BBC News. 24 August 2010. Archived from the original on 27 August 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  203. Historic England. "Reigate Heath Baptist Church, Reigate Heath Windmill (Grade II*) (1029105)". National Heritage List for England.
  204. "Heath Church, Reigate". Heritage Open Days. 24 May 2021. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  205. "Heath Church, Reigate". Borough Churches. 2021. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  206. 1 2 "History of St Mark's". St Mark's Church. 2014. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  207. "List of buildings of architectural and historic interest". Reigate & Banstead Borough Council. May 2014. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  208. "About St Philip's Church". St Philip's Church. 2016. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  209. Jones 1963 , pp. 6–7
  210. Jones 1963 , pp. 9–10
  211. A brief history of St Luke's Church, Reigate. St Luke's Church. 2021.
  212. Hooper 1979 , p. 143
  213. "History". Reigate Methodist. Archived from the original on 27 September 2021. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  214. Liles, Lloyd (24 May 1985). "Lasting tributes to those in the service of Christ". Surrey Mirror. No. 5668. Rigate. p. 22.
  215. "Holy Family". The Paish of the Nativity of the Lord. 31 July 2021. Archived from the original on 27 September 2021. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  216. "John Lymden (elected 1530, surrendered 1536), the Last Prior of Reigate". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  217. "Loading at the Quarry, Holmbury Hill Henry Tanworth Wells". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  218. "Sheep in a Landscape John Leon Little". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  219. "Evening Lake Scene John Leon Little". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  220. "Cows in a landscape John Leon Little". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  221. "The Garden at Loxwood, Redhill George Hooper". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  222. "Reigate Heath, Surrey Alfred Walter Williams". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  223. "Driving Sheep: A view from Reigate, Surrey James Thomas Linnell". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  224. "Price's Lane, Reigate Surrey Albert Ernest Bottomley". Art UK. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  225. 1 2 Thorpe, Vanessa (9 June 2010). "Marking the spot where Peggy became Margot". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016.
  226. Conan Doyle 1894 , pp. 121–144
  227. Smith 2014 , p. 87
  228. "Club history". South Park F.C. 30 October 2020. Archived from the original on 4 January 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  229. 1 2 "Club History". Reigate Priory Cricket Club. Archived from the original on 8 July 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  230. "Reigate Heath Golf Club". EVALU18. 25 March 2022. Archived from the original on 18 July 2021. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  231. "Reigate Hill Golf Club, Surrey". Reigate Hill Golf Club. 2018. Archived from the original on 27 July 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  232. "About us". Old Reigatian R.F.C. 24 August 2021. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  233. 1 2 "Welcome". Cranston Library. 1 July 2012. Archived from the original on 27 February 2021. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  234. Hooper 1979 , p. 63
  235. Hooper 1979 , pp. 188–189
  236. "Surrey Joint Police Force 1943-1947". British Police History. Archived from the original on 7 March 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  237. "Policing Change 1951-1975". Open University. Archived from the original on 29 September 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  238. Historic England. "The Old Town Hall (Grade II*) (1188608)". National Heritage List for England.
  239. Hooper 1979 , pp. 74=75
  240. "Policing the Victorian Countryside 1851-1901". Open University. Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  241. Historic England. "Town Hall (1260489)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  242. Goss 1995 , p. 76
  243. "Reigate Fort". National Trust. 14 March 2017 [26 June 2015]. Archived from the original on 7 May 2021. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  244. Beanse & Gill 2011 , pp. 55–58
  245. Historic England. "Reigate Fort (Grade II) (1019245)". National Heritage List for England.
  246. "History of Reigate Fort at Reigate Hill and Gatton Park". National Trust. 20 November 2015 [17 July 2015]. Archived from the original on 20 May 2021. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  247. "Reigate Fort" (PDF). National Trust. 1 April 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2021. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  248. Watkins, Jack (3 February 2021) [12 July 2015]. "A military mystery at Reigate Fort - secret tunnels and wartime heroes". Surrey Life. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  249. Historic England. "Reigate Hill Footbridge (Grade II) (1031870)". National Heritage List for England.
  250. Rogerson, Richard (18 April 2009). "Bridge carrying public footpath over A217 (Reigate Hill)". Geograph. Archived from the original on 31 October 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  251. Historic England. "Wray Common Windmill (Grade II*) (1029127)". National Heritage List for England.
  252. Seymour, Jenny (8 November 2018). "This is why the sails on Wray Common Windmill in Reigate have disappeared". Surrey Live. Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  253. "Reigate Castle". CastleUK.net. 2014. Archived from the original on 14 August 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  254. "Reigate Castle". Castles and Fortifications of England and Wales. Archived from the original on 13 April 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  255. Historic England. "Lower Gatton Park (Grade II) (1001409)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  256. "Welcome". Gatton Park. 2019. Archived from the original on 5 April 2022. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  257. "Film explores history of Reigate Priory in Surrey". BBC News. London. 25 December 2010. Archived from the original on 28 December 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  258. Glancy, Jonathan (24 June 2008). "A charming French fancy on a British lawn". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 16 September 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  259. "Priory Park Pavilion". Dominique Perrault Architecture. 2008. Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  260. "Reigate Priory Park". Visit South East England. 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  261. "Reigate Heath" (PDF). DEFRA (UK Government). 30 October 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 May 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  262. 1 2 "South Park (Reigate)". Fields in Trust. 19 November 2021. Archived from the original on 13 April 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  263. "Pump track now open in South Park, Reigate". reigate.uk. Reigate. 31 December 2021. Archived from the original on 1 January 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  264. Freeman, Thomas S. "Foxe, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/10050.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  265. Fletcher, Gordon. "Alexander [née Barber], Ann". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/53243.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  266. Fletcher, Gordon. "Alexander, George William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/49084.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  267. Goldfarb, Sheldon. "Ainsworth, William Harrison". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/243.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  268. Allen, D. E. "George Luxford". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/17231.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  269. Armstrong, Mary A. "Major-generals (act. 1655–1657)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/17969.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  270. Marshall 1978 , p. 62
  271. Sackett, T. R. "Francis Frith". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37434.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  272. Russell, Colin A. "Frankland, Sir Edward". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/10083.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  273. McConnell, Anita. "Crosfield, Margaret Chorley". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/58473.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  274. Waymark, Janet. "Streeter, Frederick [Fred]". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/95219.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  275. Jensen, John. "Bateman, Henry Mayo". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30636.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  276. Leapman, Michael. "Michelmore, Arthur Clifford (Cliff) (1919–2016), broadcaster". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/odnb/9780198614128.013.111173.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  277. Ogley 1995 , p. 69
  278. "Wing Commander Bob Doe". The Times. No. 69885. London. 3 March 2010. p. 64.
  279. Young, Cy. "Alan, Ray [real name Raymond Alan Whyberd]". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/102467.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  280. "Ventriloquist Ray Alan dies at 79". BBC News. 24 May 2010. Archived from the original on 26 November 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  281. "Max Chilton". Surrey Live. Archived from the original on 4 May 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  282. Lacey, Hester (21 August 2020). "Max Chilton: 'I married my childhood sweetheart. I've known my wife since I was six". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2022.

Bibliography