Sex in space

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The 2suit test in microgravity on The Universe series Sex in Space, September 13, 2008. VannaBonta.2Suit-cr.jpg
The 2suit test in microgravity on The Universe series Sex in Space, September 13, 2008.
How sex in space could work and the challenges in zero gravity

Sex in space, specifically human sexual activity in the weightlessness of outer space, presents difficulties due to Newton's third law. According to the law, if the couple remain attached, their movements will counter each other. Consequently, their actions will not change their velocity unless they are affected by another, unattached, object. Some difficulty could occur due to drifting into other objects. If the couple have a combined velocity relative to other objects, collisions could occur. There have been suggestions that conception and pregnancy in off-Earth environments could be an issue. [1] [2] [3] [4]

Contents

As of 2009, with NASA planning long-term missions for lunar settlements with goals to explore and colonize space, the topic has taken a respected place in life sciences. Scientist Stephen Hawking publicly concluded in 2006 that possibly human survival itself will depend on successfully contending with the extreme environments of space. [5] [6] [7]

Physiological issues

Numerous physiological changes have been noted during spaceflight, many of which may affect sex and procreation. Such effects would be a result of factors including gravity changes, radiation, noise, vibration, isolation, disrupted circadian rhythms, stress, or a combination of these factors. [8]

Gravity and microgravity

The primary issue to be considered in off-Earth reproduction is the lack of gravitational acceleration. Life on Earth, and thus the reproductive and ontogenetic processes of all extant species and their ancestors, evolved under the constant influence of the Earth's 1 g gravitational field. It is imperative to study how space environment affects critical phases of mammalian reproduction and development as well as events surrounding fertilization, embryogenesis, pregnancy, birth, postnatal maturation, and parental care. [9] Gravity affects all aspects of vertebrate development, including cell structure and function, organ system development, and even behavior. As gravity regulates mammalian gene expression, there are significant implications for successful procreation in an extraterrestrial environment.

Studies conducted on reproduction of mammals in microgravity include experiments with rats. Although the fetus developed properly once exposed to normal gravity, the rats that were raised in microgravity lacked the ability to right themselves. [10] Another study examined mouse embryo fertilization in microgravity. Although both groups resulted in healthy mice once implanted at normal gravity, the authors noted that the fertilization rate was lower for the embryos fertilized in microgravity than for those in normal gravity. [11] Currently no mice or rats have developed while in microgravity throughout the entire developmental cycle. [12]

2Suit

The 2suit (alternately 2-Suit or twosuit) is a garment designed to facilitate low-effort sex in the weightless environments such as outer space, or on planets with low gravity. [13] The flight garment, invented by American novelist Vanna Bonta, [2] was one of the subjects of Sex in Space, a 2008 History Channel television documentary about the biological and emotional implications of human migration and reproduction beyond Earth. [13] [14] [15] The 2suit sparked international discussions in news and political debates as a metaphor for human colonization of space. [16] [17]

Planned attempts

In February 2013, Dennis Tito's Inspiration Mars Foundation announced that they were going to send a two-person crew – a man and a woman – on a 501-day, free-return, flyby mission to Mars and back.[ citation needed ] Jane Poynter stressed the importance of the pre-existing stable emotional bond between the members of the couple. She cited her own experience as being a Biosphere 2 crew member together with her husband Taber MacCallum, who is the chief technology officer of Inspiration Mars.

In June 2015, Pornhub announced its plans to make the first pornographic film in space. It launched a crowdfunding campaign to fund the effort, dubbed Sexploration, with the goal of raising $3.4 million in 60 days. The campaign only received pledges for $236,086. If funded, the film would have been slated for a 2016 release, following six months of training for the two performers and six-person crew. [18] [19] [20] [21] Though it claimed to be in talks with multiple private spaceflight carriers, the company declined to name names "for fear that that would risk unnecessary fallout" from the carriers. [18] A Space.com article about the campaign mentioned that in 2008, Virgin Galactic received and rejected a $1 million offer from an undisclosed party to shoot a sex film on board SpaceShipTwo. [19]

Adult film actress CoCo Brown had begun certifying for a co-pilot seat in the XCOR Lynx spaceplane, which would have launched in a suborbital flight in 2016 and spent a short amount of time in zero-gravity. [22] However, XCOR declared bankruptcy before ever flying a space tourist. [23]

Short of actual space, the adult entertainment production company Private Media Group has filmed a movie called The Uranus Experiment: Part Two where an actual zero-gravity intercourse scene was accomplished with a reduced-gravity aircraft. The filming process was particularly difficult from a technical and logistical standpoint. Budget constraints allowed for only one 20-second shot, featuring the actors Sylvia Saint and Nick Lang. [24] Berth Milton, Jr, president and CEO of Private Media Group, says "You would not want to be afraid of flying, that's for sure!" [25]

Science fiction writer and futurist Isaac Asimov, in a 1973 article "Sex in a Spaceship", conjectured what sex would be like in the weightless environment of space, anticipating some of the benefits of engaging in sex in an environment of microgravity. [26]

On July 23, 2006, a Sex in Space panel was held at the Space Frontier Foundation's annual conference. Speakers were science journalist-author Laura Woodmansee, who presented her book Sex in Space; [27] Jim Logan, the first graduate of a new aerospace medicine residency program to be hired by NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston; and Vanna Bonta, an American poet, novelist, and actress who had recently flown in zero gravity and had agreed to an interview for Woodmansee's book. [13] The speakers made presentations that explored "the biological, emotional, and ... physical issues that will confront people moving [off Earth] into the space environment." [28] NBC science journalist Alan Boyle reported on the panel, opening a world discussion of a topic previously considered taboo. [2]

"Sex in Space" was the title of an episode of the History Channel documentary television series The Universe in 2008. The globally distributed show was dubbed into foreign languages, opening worldwide discussion about what had previously been avoided as a taboo subject. Sex in space became a topic of discussion for the long-term survival of the human species, colonization of other planets, inspired songs, and humanized reasons for space exploration. [4] [16] [17] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34]

Wire-based special effects in Moonraker (1979). Moonraker and weightless premarital hanky panky.png
Wire-based special effects in Moonraker (1979).

The idea of sex in space appears frequently in science fiction. Arthur C. Clarke claimed to first address it in his novel Rendezvous with Rama (1973). [35] Among films that include space-sex themes are Moonraker , Moving Violations , Supernova and Cube 2: Hypercube . In the novelization of Alien , Parker tells Brett about an episode of zero-G sex that went wrong. A more recent and perhaps more realistic description of the mechanics of low-gravity intercourse is presented in "Sex in Space: The Video", a short story contained in Susie Bright's The Best American Erotica 2004. The story uses cheating astronauts to describe techniques humans might use to copulate in space without special apparatus. The difficulties microgravity poses for human intimacy were also discussed in an anonymous fictional "NASA Document 12-571-3570" in 1989, where the use of an elastic belt and an inflatable tunnel were proposed as solutions to these problems. A mission patch and other documents were determined to be hoaxes.[ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

Micro-g environment environment with extremely low apparent gravitational force

The term micro-g environment is more or less synonymous with the terms weightlessness and zero-g, but with an emphasis on the fact that g-forces are never exactly zero—just very small. The symbol for microgravity, μg, was used on the insignias of Space Shuttle flights STS-87 and STS-107, because these flights were devoted to microgravity research in low Earth orbit.

Reduced-gravity aircraft Fixed-wing aircraft that provides brief near-weightless environments

A reduced-gravity aircraft is a type of fixed-wing aircraft that provides brief near-weightless environments for training astronauts, conducting research and making gravity-free movie shots.

Centrifuge Accommodations Module intended ISS module

The Centrifuge Accommodations Module (CAM) is a cancelled element of the International Space Station. Although the module was planned to contain several parts, the 2.5 m (8.2 ft) centrifuge still was considered the most important capability of the module.

Effect of spaceflight on the human body Medical consequences of spaceflight

Venturing into the environment of space can have negative effects on the human body. Significant adverse effects of long-term weightlessness include muscle atrophy and deterioration of the skeleton. Other significant effects include a slowing of cardiovascular system functions, decreased production of red blood cells, balance disorders, eyesight disorders and changes in the immune system. Additional symptoms include fluid redistribution, loss of body mass, nasal congestion, sleep disturbance, and excess flatulence.

Colonization of Mars Proposed concepts for the human colonization of Mars

The hypothetical colonization of Mars has received interest from public space agencies and private corporations, and has received extensive treatment in science fiction writing, film, and art.

Many parts of the outer Solar System have been considered for possible future colonization. Most of the larger moons of the outer planets contain water ice, liquid water, and organic compounds that might be useful for sustaining human life.

Jeff Greason founder of XCOR Aerospace

Jeff Greason is a co-founder and Chief Technologist of Electric Sky, a company developing the ability to wirelessly transmit power to moving vehicles. He also serves as chairman of the board of the Tau Zero Foundation..

Colonization of Venus Proposed colonization of the planet Venus

The colonization of Venus has been a subject of many works of science fiction since before the dawn of spaceflight, and is still discussed from both a fictional and a scientific standpoint. However, with the discovery of Venus's extremely hostile surface environment, attention has largely shifted towards the colonization of the Moon and Mars instead, with proposals for Venus focused on colonies floating in the upper-middle atmosphere and on terraforming.

Asteroids located in the asteroid belt have been suggested as a possible site of human colonization. Some of the driving forces behind this effort to colonize asteroids include the survival of humanity, as well as economic incentives associated with asteroid mining. The process of colonizing asteroids does have many obstacles that must be overcome for human habitation, including transportation distance, lack of gravity, temperature, radiation, and psychological issues.

Colonization of Europa Human occupation of Europa

Europa, the fourth-largest moon of Jupiter, is a subject in both science fiction and scientific speculation for future human colonization. Europa's geophysical features, including a possible subglacial water ocean, make it a possibility that human life could be sustained on or beneath the surface.

Colonization of Titan

Saturn’s largest moon Titan is one of several candidates for possible future colonization of the outer Solar System.

Gravitational biology is the study of the effects gravity has on living organisms. Throughout the history of the Earth life has evolved to survive changing conditions, such as changes in the climate and habitat. However, one constant factor in evolution since life first began on Earth is the force of gravity. As a consequence, all biological processes are accustomed to the ever-present force of gravity and even small variations in this force can have significant impact on the health and function and the system of organisms.

Space art Visual art genre

"Space art" is the term for a genre of modern artistic expression that strives to show the wonders of the Universe. Like other genres, Space Art has many facets and encompasses realism, impressionism, hardware art, sculpture, abstract imagery, even zoological art. Though artists have been making art with astronomical elements for a long time, the genre of Space Art itself is still in its infancy, having begun only when humanity gained the ability to look off our world and artistically depicted what we see out there. Whatever the stylistic path, the artist is generally attempting to communicate ideas somehow related to space, often including an appreciation of the infinite variety and vastness which surrounds us. In some cases, artists who consider themselves Space Artists use more than illustration and painting to communicate scientific discoveries or works depicting space, some have had the opportunity to work directly with space flight technology and scientists in attempts to expand the arts, humanities, and cultural expression relative to space exploration.

2suit

The 2suit is a garment designed to facilitate sex in weightless environments. It has been tested in microgravity during a parabolic flight.

Rotating wheel space station

A rotating wheel space station, also known as a bublik city or a von Braun wheel, is a concept for a hypothetical wheel-shaped space station. Originally proposed by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky in 1903, the idea was expanded by Herman Potočnik in 1929.

Weightlessness Absence of stress and strain resulting from externally applied mechanical contact-forces

Weightlessness is the complete or near-complete absence of the sensation of weight. This is also termed zero-G, although the more correct term is "zero G-force". It occurs in the absence of any contact forces upon objects including the human body.

Exomedicine is the study and exploration of medical solutions in the zero gravity environment of space to promote benefits to human health on Earth. The purpose is to advance the field, study, and practice of medicine on Earth through research investigations conducted in the microgravity conditions of space which may provide advances in understanding that cannot be achieved on Earth. Although the Soviet Union launched the first space station, Salyut 1 in 1971, the United States designed and launched Skylab with the intent of advancing the field of science both in space and with regards to terrestrial applications. Beginning as a “memorandum of understanding” between NASA and ESA in 1973, the first major microgravity experiments in space were carried out by “Spacelab”. Gravity is a fundamental force on earth that influences all biological systems at a molecular level. When biomedical research is conducted in Space, in so-called microgravity environments, certain earthbound limitations disappear, new and different findings are made, and living organisms behave very differently.

Vanna Bonta Italian-American writer, poet, inventor, actress, voice artist

Vanna Bonta was an Italian-American writer, actress, and inventor. She wrote Flight: A Quantum Fiction Novel. As an actress, Bonta played "Zed's Queen" in The Beastmaster. She performed primarily as a voice talent on a roster of feature films, such as Disney's Beauty and the Beast, as well as on television. Bonta invented the 2suit, a flight garment designed to facilitate sex in microgravity environments of outerspace. The spacesuit was featured on The Universe television series, which followed Bonta into zero gravity to film an episode titled Sex in Space that aired in 2009 on the History Channel.

Pornhub Pornographic video sharing website owned by MindGeek

Pornhub is a pornographic video sharing and pornography website. It was launched in Montreal, in 2007. Pornhub also has an office and servers in Limassol, Cyprus.

Johnny Sins American pornographic actor

Steven Wolfe, known professionally as Johnny Sins, is an American pornographic actor, director, and YouTuber. Noted for his shaved head and muscular physique, he is consistently among the most popular pornography searches. He has received many accolades for his work, including two nominations for the AVN Award for Male Performer of the Year.

References

Footnotes

  1. Monks, Keiron (April 9, 2012). "Thrusters on full: Sex in space". Metro. Free Daily News Group Inc./Star Media Group. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 Boyle, Alan (July 24, 2006). "Outer-space sex carries complications". NBCNews.com . Archived from the original on April 25, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  3. Seks in de ruimte: is het mogelijk?, By Caroline Hoek; 7 April 2012
  4. 1 2 S’envoyer en l’air dans l’espace Par Kieron Monks, Metro World News; 11 Avril 2012
  5. Hui, Sylvia (June 13, 2006). "Hawking Says Humans Must Colonize Space". Space.com . Purch. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  6. Hui, Sylvia (June 13, 2006). "Hawking: Humans Must Spread Out in Space". The Washington Post . Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  7. Delange, Catherine (May 20, 2012). "The importance of sex in space". Cosmos . Archived from the original on June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  8. Jennings, RT; Santy, PA (1990). "Reproduction in the space environment: Part II. Concerns for human reproduction". Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey. 45 (1): 7–17. doi:10.1097/00006254-199001000-00006.
  9. Ronca, April E (2003). "Mammalian Development in Space". 9: 217–251. doi:10.1016/S1569-2574(03)09009-9. ISSN   1569-2574.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. B, Fritzsch; LL, Bruce (October 1995). "Utricular and saccular projections of fetal rats raised in normal gravity and microgravity". NLM Gateway Search. ASGSB Bull. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  11. Wakayama, Sayaka; Kawahara, Yumi; et al. (August 25, 2009). Dey, Sudhansu (ed.). "Detrimental Effects of Microgravity on Mouse Preimplantation Development In Vitro". PLoS ONE . Public Library of Science. 4 (8): e6753. Bibcode:2009PLoSO...4.6753W. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006753. ISSN   1932-6203. PMC   2727478 . PMID   19707597. Archived from the original on February 17, 2015.
  12. Crawford-Young, Susan J. (2006). "Effects of microgravity on cell cytoskeleton and embryogenesis" (PDF). The International Journal of Developmental Biology . 50 (2/3): 183–191. doi: 10.1387/ijdb.052077sc . ISSN   0214-6282. PMID   16479487 . Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  13. 1 2 3 "Vanna Bonta Talks Sex in Space". Femail.com.au. August 19, 2012. Archived from the original on March 22, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  14. "Sex in Space". The Universe. Season 3. December 2, 2008. History Channel.
  15. History Channel to air special on 'sex in space' New Scientist December 17, 2008
  16. 1 2 Ference, Audrey (October 4, 2012). "Celebrate Sputnik Day by Thinking About Space Sex". The L Magazine. Archived from the original on June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  17. 1 2 Schwartz, Marty (December 16, 2012). "1000 Words, 1000 Days: Day 351 – Space-Boinking In The 21st Century!". The Paltry Sapien. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014.
  18. 1 2 Moye, David (June 10, 2015). "Pornhub Crowdfunds First Porn Shot In Space". The Huffington Post . Archived from the original on June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  19. 1 2 Wall, Mike (June 11, 2015). "Sex in Space: Porn Group Wants to Crowdfund Zero-G Adult Film". Space.com. Archived from the original on June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  20. Moyer, Justin Wm (2015-06-11). "PornHub crowdfunds for sex tape filmed in space". The Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  21. "Pornhub launches crowdfund to film porn in space". CNBC. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  22. Love, Dylan. "Former porn star CoCo Brown is headed to outer space". Daily Dot. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  23. Messier, Doug (5 July 2017). "XCOR Lays off Remaining Employees". parabolicarc.com. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  24. "Zero Gravity Sex Film Up for Award". SPACE.com. 16 May 2000. Archived from the original on 20 June 2000. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  25. "'To Boldly Go': Star Trek, Sex and Space". SPACE.com. 16 May 2000. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008.
  26. Asimov, Isaac (January 1973). "Sex in a Spaceship". Sexology Magazine.Cite journal requires |journal= (help) (Reprinted in Science Past – Science Future, 1975)
  27. Greene, Nick, "Review: Sex in Space by Laura S. Woodmansee", About: Space/Astronomy, About.com, archived from the original on December 14, 2006
  28. "NewSpace 2006 Agenda". Space Frontier Foundation. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
  29. La fantasía del sexo en gravedad cero PERU21; 29 August 2012
  30. From Quarks to Quasars The Complications of Sex in Space October 9, 2013
  31. Outside Magazine Archived 2010-09-19 at the Wayback Machine December 2006 issue
  32. 7 Real Suits That Will Soon Make the World A Cooler Place by Soren Bowie, Cracked; 15 November 2010
  33. Tener bebés en el espacio podría ser peligroso FayerWayer, (Science Feature) Boxbyte en Ciencia, Destacados; October 2010
  34. Wakacje w Kosmosie? Dajcie sobie z tym spokój!, by Tomasz Rożek, GAZETA; 17 October 2011
  35. Clarke, Arthur C. (1974-09-23). "Letters to the Editor". Time.

General references

  • Freitas Jr., Robert (April 1983). "Sex in Space". Sexology Today (48): 58–64.
  • Levin, RJ (August 1989). "Effects of space travel on sexuality and the human reproductive system". Journal of the British Interplanetary Society. 42 (7): 378–82. PMID   11540233.