Iron ore in Africa

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Iron ore production in Africa is dominated by South Africa, Mauritania and Algeria. [1] Many countries possess iron ore deposits that are as yet untapped/unmined. Countries and companies currently involved in production are listed here; measurements are in tonnes per annum(year).




Deposits and production in Algeria include:


Deposits and production in Angola include:


Deposits and production in Cameroon include:

Central African Republic

Deposits and production in Central African Republic include:

Congo (Brazzaville)

Deposits and production in Congo (Brazzaville) include:

Côte d'Ivoire

Deposits and production in Côte d'Ivoire include:


Deposits and production in Egypt include:


Deposits and production in Gabon include:


Deposits and production in Ghana include:


Deposits and production in Guinea include:


Deposits and production in Liberia include:


Deposits and production in Libya include:


Deposits and production in Mali include:


Deposits and production in Mauritania include:


Deposits and production in Nigeria include:


Deposits and production in Senegal include:

Sierra Leone

Deposits and production in Sierra Leone include:

South Africa

Deposits and production include:


Deposits and production include:


Deposits and production in Uganda include:


Deposits and production in Zimbabwe include:

See also

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Simandou is a 110-kilometre-long (68 mi) range of hills located in the Nzérékoré and Kankan regions of southeastern Guinea, in the country's mountainous, forested Guinée Forestière region. At the southern end of the range the site of a large iron ore deposit is currently being developed.

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Railway stations in the Republic of the Congo (Congo) include:

Railway stations in Guinea include:

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Avima is a mountain in the Republic of Congo near Gabon border to the west, and the Cameroon border to the north. It is a mountain with a 35 km west to east oriented ridge and has few top points which are in range of 950 m above the sea level. Mt. Avima has a significant deposit of iron ore and few small gold placer deposits. The mountain is covered by rain-forest. The forest is inhabited by a small local tribe of native people who live on from hunting and from alluvial gold mining. Between March to September 2009 it was an access road built from Cameroon border to Mt. Avima for a mining exploration program arriving to the top of the mountain. After the exploration program, the road was covered by the rain forest blocking the access by vehicles to the mountain. Due to the significant quantities and qualities of iron ore discovered, it is expected that mining activities will start in the future.

Sundance Resources

Sundance Resources Limited is an Australian mining company, based in Perth, Western Australia, whose main assets are iron ore leases in Cameroon near Mbalam, and across the border in the Republic of Congo. Following the loss of the Congo mining licence in 2020, Sundance Resources delisted from the Australian Securities Exchange and sued Congo to acquire $8.76 billion in compensation.

Railways in Liberia

Railways in Liberia comprised two lines from the port of Monrovia in the northeast, and one line from the port of Buchanan in the centre. The principal traffic is, or was, iron ore. In 2010, only the Bong mine railway was operational but the Lamco Railway was at least partially rebuilt by Arcelor Mittal and put back into service in 2011.

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Mining in the Republic of the Congo

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The Simandou mine is a large iron mine located in the Simandou mountain range of southern Guinea's Nzérékoré Region. Simandou represents one of the largest iron ore reserves in Guinea and in the world, having estimated reserves of 2.4 billion tonnes of ore grading 65% iron metal.

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Mining industry of Liberia

The mining industry of Liberia has witnessed a revival after the civil war which ended in 2003. Gold, diamonds, and iron ore form the core minerals of the mining sector with a new Mineral Development Policy and Mining Code being put in place to attract foreign investments. In 2013, the mineral sector accounted for 11% of GDP in the country and the World Bank has projected a further increase in the sector by 2017.


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