Carbon monosulfide

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Carbon monosulfide
Carbon monosulfide.svg
Carbon monosulfide molecule spacefill.png
IUPAC name
carbon monosulfide
Other names
carbon(II) sulfide, thiocarbonyl, sulfidocarbon, methanidylidynesulfanium
3D model (JSmol)
1697516, 1918616
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/CS/c1-2 X mark.svgN
  • InChI=1/CS/c1-2
  • [S+]#[C-]
Molar mass 44.07 g·mol−1
Appearancereddish crystalline powder
Related compounds
Other anions
Carbon monoxide
Other cations
Silicon monosulfide
Germanium monosulfide
Tin(II) sulfide
Lead(II) sulfide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Carbon monosulfide is a chemical compound with the formula CS. This diatomic molecule is the sulfur analogue of carbon monoxide, and is unstable as a solid or a liquid, but it has been observed as a gas both in the laboratory and in the interstellar medium. [1] The molecule resembles carbon monoxide with a triple bond between carbon and sulfur. The molecule is not intrinsically unstable, but it tends to polymerize. This tendency reflects the greater stability of C–S single bonds.

Polymers with the formula (CS)n have been reported. [2] Also, CS has been observed as a ligand in some transition metal complexes.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carbon monoxide</span> Colourless, odourless, tasteless and toxic gas

Carbon monoxide is a colorless, highly poisonous, odorless, tasteless, flammable gas that is slightly less dense than air. Carbon monoxide consists of one carbon atom and one oxygen atom connected by a triple bond. It is the simplest molecule of the oxocarbon family. In coordination complexes the carbon monoxide ligand is called carbonyl. It is a key ingredient in many processes in industrial chemistry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diatomic molecule</span> Molecule composed of any two atoms

Diatomic molecules are molecules composed of only two atoms, of the same or different chemical elements. If a diatomic molecule consists of two atoms of the same element, such as hydrogen or oxygen, then it is said to be homonuclear. Otherwise, if a diatomic molecule consists of two different atoms, such as carbon monoxide or nitric oxide, the molecule is said to be heteronuclear. The bond in a homonuclear diatomic molecule is non-polar.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oxide</span> Chemical compound with at least one oxygen atom attached to the central atom

An oxide is a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element in its chemical formula. "Oxide" itself is the dianion of oxygen, an O2– (molecular) ion. with oxygen in the oxidation state of −2. Most of the Earth's crust consists of oxides. Even materials considered pure elements often develop an oxide coating. For example, aluminium foil develops a thin skin of Al2O3 (called a passivation layer) that protects the foil from further corrosion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Astrochemistry</span> Study of molecules in the Universe and their reactions

Astrochemistry is the study of the abundance and reactions of molecules in the Universe, and their interaction with radiation. The discipline is an overlap of astronomy and chemistry. The word "astrochemistry" may be applied to both the Solar System and the interstellar medium. The study of the abundance of elements and isotope ratios in Solar System objects, such as meteorites, is also called cosmochemistry, while the study of interstellar atoms and molecules and their interaction with radiation is sometimes called molecular astrophysics. The formation, atomic and chemical composition, evolution and fate of molecular gas clouds is of special interest, because it is from these clouds that solar systems form.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carbon disulfide</span> Neurotoxic compound with formula S=C=S

Carbon disulfide is a neurotoxic, colorless, volatile liquid with the formula CS2 and structure S=C=S. The compound is used frequently as a building block in organic chemistry as well as an industrial and chemical non-polar solvent. It has an "ether-like" odor, but commercial samples are typically contaminated with foul-smelling impurities. It is of comparable toxicity to carbon monoxide.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sulfur monoxide</span> Chemical compound

Sulfur monoxide is an inorganic compound with formula SO. It is only found as a dilute gas phase. When concentrated or condensed, it converts to S2O2 (disulfur dioxide). It has been detected in space but is rarely encountered intact otherwise.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carbonyl sulfide</span> Chemical compound

Carbonyl sulfide is the chemical compound with the linear formula OCS. It is a colorless flammable gas with an unpleasant odor. It is a linear molecule consisting of a carbonyl group double bonded to a sulfur atom. Carbonyl sulfide can be considered to be intermediate between carbon dioxide and carbon disulfide, both of which are valence isoelectronic with it.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thioketone</span> Organic compounds with the structure >C=S

In organic chemistry, thioketones are organosulfur compounds related to conventional ketones in which the oxygen has been replaced by a sulfur. Instead of a structure of R2C=O, thioketones have the structure R2C=S, which is reflected by the prefix "thio-" in the name of the functional group. Unhindered alkylthioketones typically tend to form polymers or rings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ethynyl radical</span> Chemical compound

The ethynyl radical is an organic compound with the chemical formula C≡CH. It is a simple molecule that does not occur naturally on Earth but is abundant in the interstellar medium. It was first observed by electron spin resonance isolated in a solid argon matrix at liquid helium temperatures in 1963 by Cochran and coworkers at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory. It was first observed in the gas phase by Tucker and coworkers in November 1973 toward the Orion Nebula, using the NRAO 11-meter radio telescope. It has since been detected in a large variety of interstellar environments, including dense molecular clouds, bok globules, star forming regions, the shells around carbon-rich evolved stars, and even in other galaxies.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carbon subsulfide</span> Organic compound with the structure S=C=C=C=S

Carbon subsulfide is an organic, sulfur-containing chemical compound with the formula C3S2 and structure S=C=C=C=S. This deep red liquid is immiscible with water but soluble in organic solvents. It readily polymerizes at room temperature to form a hard black solid.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Silicon monoxide</span> Chemical compound

Silicon monoxide is the chemical compound with the formula SiO where silicon is present in the oxidation state +2. In the vapour phase, it is a diatomic molecule. It has been detected in stellar objects and has been described as the most common oxide of silicon in the universe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oxocarbon</span> Chemical compounds made of only carbon and oxygen

In chemistry, an oxocarbon or oxide of carbon is a chemical compound consisting only of carbon and oxygen. The simplest and most common oxocarbons are carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide. Many other stable or metastable oxides of carbon are known, but they are rarely encountered, such as carbon suboxide and mellitic anhydride.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cyclohexanehexone</span> Chemical compound

Cyclohexanehexone, also known as hexaketocyclohexane and triquinoyl, is an organic compound with formula C6O6, the sixfold ketone of cyclohexane. It is an oxide of carbon, a hexamer of carbon monoxide.

Aluminium(I) oxide is a compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula Al2O. It can be prepared by heating the stable oxide Al2O3 with elemental silicon at 1800 °C under vacuum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Disulfur dioxide</span> Chemical compound

Disulfur dioxide, dimeric sulfur monoxide or SO dimer is an oxide of sulfur with the formula S2O2. The solid is unstable with a lifetime of a few seconds at room temperature.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Propiolaldehyde</span> Chemical compound

Propiolaldehyde is an organic compound with molecular formula HC2CHO. It is the simplest chemical compound containing both alkyne and aldehyde functional groups. It is a colorless liquid with explosive properties.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tricarbon monoxide</span> Chemical compound

Tricarbon monoxide C3O is a reactive radical oxocarbon molecule found in space, and which can be made as a transient substance in the laboratory. It can be trapped in an inert gas matrix or made as a short lived gas. C3O can be classified as a ketene or an oxocumulene a kind of heterocumulene.

A heterocumulene is a molecule or ion containing a chain of at least three double bonds between consecutive atoms, in which one or more atoms in the doubly bonded chain is a heteroatom. Such species are analogous to a cumulene in which the chain of doubly bonded atoms contains only carbon, except that at least one carbon is replaced by a heteroatom. Some authors relax the definition to include species with chains of only two double bonds between consecutive atoms, also known as heteroallenes.

Tricarbon monosulfide (C3S) or tricarbon sulfur is a reactive molecular substance that has been detected in outer space. Tricarbon monosulfide is a heterocumulene or thiocumulene, consisting of a straight chain of three carbon atoms and a terminal sulfur atom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Phosphorus monoxide</span> Chemical compound

Phosphorus monoxide is an unstable radical inorganic compound with molecular formula PO.


  1. Wilson, R. W.; Penzias, A. A.; Wannier, P. G.; Linke, R. A. (1976). "Isotopic abundances in interstellar carbon monosulfide". Astrophysical Journal. 204 (pt 2): L135–L137. Bibcode:1976ApJ...204L.135W. doi:10.1086/182072.
  2. Chou, J.-H.; Rauchfuss, T. B. (1997). "Solvatothermal Routes to Poly(Carbon Monosulfide)s Using Kinetically Stabilized Precursors" (PDF). Journal of the American Chemical Society. 119 (19): 4537–4538. doi:10.1021/ja970042w.