Aluminium(II) oxide

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Aluminium(II) oxide
IUPAC name
Aluminium(II) oxide
Other names
Aluminium monoxide
Aluminious oxide
3D model (JSmol)
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/Al.O Yes check.svgY
  • InChI=1/Al.O/rAlO/c1-2
  • O=[Al]
Molar mass 42.98 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
X mark.svgN  verify  (what is  Yes check.svgYX mark.svgN ?)

Aluminium(II) oxide or aluminium monoxide is a compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula AlO. It has been detected in the gas phase after explosion of aluminized grenades in the upper atmosphere [1] [2] [3] and in stellar absorption spectra. [4]

Aluminium(II) oxide is one of the aluminium oxides (the most common is Aluminium oxide Al2O3), as it was the rare example of aluminium(II) compound since aluminium usually exists in its +3 oxidation state.

See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scandium</span> Chemical element, symbol Sc and atomic number 21

Scandium is a chemical element with the symbol Sc and atomic number 21. It is a silvery-white metallic d-block element. Historically, it has been classified as a rare-earth element, together with yttrium and the lanthanides. It was discovered in 1879 by spectral analysis of the minerals euxenite and gadolinite from Scandinavia.

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  1. D. C. Tyte (1964). "Red (B2Π–A2σ) Band System of Aluminium Monoxide". Nature. 202 (4930): 383. Bibcode:1964Natur.202..383T. doi:10.1038/202383a0. S2CID   4163250.
  2. D. C. Tyte (1967). "The dissociation energy of aluminium monoxide". Proc. Phys. Soc. 92 (4): 1134–1137. Bibcode:1967PPS....92.1134T. doi:10.1088/0370-1328/92/4/339.
  3. Johnson E. R.; Low C. H. (1967). "Further spectral observations of grenade glow clouds in the lower thermosphere". Australian Journal of Physics. 20 (5): 577. Bibcode:1967AuJPh..20..577J. doi: 10.1071/ph670577 .
  4. Merrill, P. W.; Deutsch, A. J. & Keenan, P. C. (1962). "Absorption Spectra of M-Type Mira Variables". Astrophysical Journal. 136: 21. Bibcode:1962ApJ...136...21M. doi:10.1086/147348.