Jenkins' Ferry Battleground State Park

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Jenkins' Ferry
Battleground State Park
CONFEDERATE MONUMENT AT JENKINS FERRY.jpg
Battle of Jenkins' Ferry Memorial
Location Grant County, Arkansas
Nearest city Leola, Arkansas
Coordinates 34°12′47.4″N92°32′50.6″W / 34.213167°N 92.547389°W / 34.213167; -92.547389 Coordinates: 34°12′47.4″N92°32′50.6″W / 34.213167°N 92.547389°W / 34.213167; -92.547389
Area40.15 acres (16.25 ha)
Elevation190 feet (58 m)
Established1961 (1961)
Original use Field, forest, battlefield
Governing bodyDivision of State Parks, Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism
Website Jenkins' Ferry Battleground State Park
Official name: Jenkins' Ferry Battleground
DesignatedJanuary 21, 1970 (1970-01-21)
Reference no.70000120
Part of Camden Expedition Sites National Historic Landmark
Reference no.94001182
USA Arkansas location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Jenkins' Ferry

Jenkins' Ferry Battleground State Park is the site of the American Civil War battle of Jenkins' Ferry, also known as the Engagement at Jenkins' Ferry, fought on Saturday, April 30, 1864, in present-day Grant County, Arkansas. The park was listed in the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on January 21, 1970, [1] and, with seven other sites, is part of the Camden Expedition Sites National Historic Landmark, designated a National Historic Landmark District on April 19, 1994. [2] [3] [4]

American Civil War Internal war in the U.S. over slavery

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North, which also included some geographically western and southern states, proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights in order to uphold slavery.

Battle of Jenkins Ferry battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War

The Battle of Jenkins' Ferry, also known as the Engagement at Jenkins' Ferry, was fought at Jenkins' Ferry, southwest of Little Rock, during the American Civil War. It was the climactic battle of Steele's Camden Expedition, a part of the Red River Campaign. As a result of the battle, Federal forces were able to complete a retreat from a precarious position at Camden to their defenses at Little Rock.

Grant County, Arkansas County in Arkansas

Grant County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 17,853 at the 2010 United States Census. The county seat is Sheridan.

Contents

Description and administrative history

Jenkins' Ferry Battleground State Park, operated by the Division of State Parks, Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism, includes historic markers that describe the Civil War battle, as well as recreational opportunities on the Saline River, including swimming and boating. A pavilion and several picnic sites are also located in the state park, which is 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Sheridan, and 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Leola in Grant County on the west side of Arkansas Highway 46. [5]

The Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism (ADPT) is a department of the U.S. state of Arkansas charged with promoting, protecting, interpreting, and managing the state's natural and cultural resources. The department is also tasked with increasing tourism and promoting individuals, families, and businesses to relocate to Arkansas.

State park protected area managed at the federated state level

State parks are parks or other protected areas managed at the sub-national level within those nations which use "state" as a political subdivision. State parks are typically established by a state to preserve a location on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, or recreational potential. There are state parks under the administration of the government of each U.S. state, some of the Mexican states, and in Brazil. The term is also used in the Australian state of Victoria. The equivalent term used in Canada, Argentina, South Africa and Belgium, is provincial park. Similar systems of local government maintained parks exist in other countries, but the terminology varies.

Sheridan, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Sheridan is a city and county seat of Grant County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located deep in the forests of the Arkansas Timberlands. It sits at the intersection of US Highways 167 and 270. Early settlers were drawn to the area by the native timber, which is still a very important part of Sheridan's economy, although the city has diversified into several other industries. Sheridan's history also includes a college, Missionary Baptist College, until its closure in 1934, and a series of conflicts during the Civil Rights Movement. Located at the southern end of the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, Sheridan has been experiencing a population boom in recent years, as indicated by a 49% growth in population between the 1990 and 2010 censuses. The population as of the 2010 census was 4,603.

Act 10 of 1961 (by the 63rd Arkansas General Assembly) established Jenkins’ Ferry Battleground State Park. One of three parks that commemorate the Camden Expedition, the site is also a Red River Campaign National Historic Landmark. [5] The state park is set in a bend of the Saline River, which generally flows northwest to southeast, meandering southwest at this point. It has picnic tables and fire pits, and a basic comfort station, as well as interpretive signs explaining the region's historical significance. The park includes a portion of the original road between Little Rock and Camden, as well as the eastern end of the Jenkins' Ferry crossing. [6]

Arkansas General Assembly Legislature of Arkansas

The Arkansas General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Arkansas. The legislature is a bicameral body composed of the upper house Arkansas Senate with 35 members, and the lower Arkansas House of Representatives with 100 members. All 135 representatives and state senators represent an equal number of constituent districts. The General Assembly convenes on the second Monday of every other year. A session lasts for 60 days unless the legislature votes to extend it. The Governor of Arkansas can issue a "call" for a special session during the interims between regular sessions. The General Assembly meets at the Arkansas State Capitol in Little Rock.

Camden Expedition military campaign during the American Civil War

The Camden Expedition was the final campaign conducted by the United States Army against the Confederate States Army in Arkansas, during the American Civil War. The offensive was designed to cooperate with Maj. Gen. Banks' movement against Shreveport.

Red River Campaign military campaign during the American Civil War

The Red River Campaign or Red River Expedition comprised a series of battles fought along the Red River in Louisiana during the American Civil War from March 10 to May 22, 1864. The campaign was a Union initiative, fought between approximately 30,000 Union troops under the command of Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, and Confederate troops under the command of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, whose strength varied from 6,000 to 15,000.

See also

National Register of Historic Places listings in Grant County, Arkansas Wikimedia list article

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Grant County, Arkansas.

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References

  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  2. "Camden Expedition Sites". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. September 26, 2007. Archived from the original on March 1, 2007.
  3. Edward C. Bearss; James H. Charleton (November 29, 1993). "Camden Expedition Sites" (pdf). National Historic Landmark Nomination. National Park Service.
  4. "Camden Expedition Sites--Accompanying 62 photos, from 1992-1993: Old U.S. Arsenal (6 photos), Confederate State Capitol (5 photos), Prairie de Ann Battlefield (7 photos), Jenkins' Ferry Battlefield (4 photos), Marks' Mills Battlefield (10 photos), Fort Southerland (5 photos), Poison Spring Battlefield (7 photos), Fort Lookout (9 photos), Elkin's Ferry Battlefield (9 photos)" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination. National Park Service. November 29, 1993.
  5. 1 2 Teske, Steven (June 4, 2014). "Jenkins' Ferry State Park". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture . Little Rock, Arkansas: Central Arkansas Library System. 1227. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  6. "NRHP nomination for Jenkins' Ferry State Park" (PDF). Arkansas Preservation. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
Government
General information

The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) is a United States federal government program created by the Secretary of the Interior in 1991, with the aim of preserving historic battlefields in the United States. In 1996, Congress signed into law the American Battlefield Protection Act, which officially authorized the ABPP. The program operates under the American Battlefield Protection Program Authorization as of 2009.

The American Battlefield Trust is a charitable organization whose primary focus is in the preservation of battlefields of the American Civil War, the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 through acquisition of battlefield land. The American Battlefield Trust was formerly known as the Civil War Trust. On May 8, 2018, the organization announced the creation of the American Battlefield Trust as the umbrella organization for two divisions, the Civil War Trust and the Revolutionary War Trust, which was formerly known as "Campaign 1776." The name American Battlefield Trust reflects the organization's expanded mission, announced in 2014, of saving land at battlefields of the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 as well as the American Civil War The American Battlefield Trust also promotes educational programs and heritage tourism initiatives to inform the public about these three conflicts and their significance in American history. On May 31, 2018, the Trust announced that with the acquisition of 13 acres at the Cedar Creek battlefield in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, it had reached the milestone of 50,000 acres of battlefield land acquired and preserved. Since 1988, the Trust and its federal, state and local partners have preserved land in 24 states at more than 130 battlefields of the Civil War, the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. More than 10,000 of the acres have been acquired and preserved since 2014.