Owen County, Indiana

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Owen County, Indiana
Owen County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
Owen County Courthouse in Spencer, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Owen County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of USA IN.svg
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Founded1819
Named for Abraham Owen
Seat Spencer
Largest townSpencer
Area
  Total387.82 sq mi (1,004 km2)
  Land385.29 sq mi (998 km2)
  Water2.54 sq mi (7 km2), 0.65%
Population
  (2010)21,575
  Density56/sq mi (21.63/km2)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website Owen County Official Website
Footnotes: Indiana county number 60

Owen County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1920. As of 2010, the population was 21,575. [1] The county seat is Spencer. [2]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Indiana State of the United States of America

Indiana is a U.S. state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th-largest by area and the 17th-most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U.S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, and Illinois to the west.

Contents

Owen County is part of the Bloomington, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Bloomington, Indiana City in Indiana, United States

Bloomington is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County in the southern region of the U.S. state of Indiana. It is the seventh-largest city in Indiana and the fourth-largest outside the Indianapolis metropolitan area. According to the Monroe County History Center, Bloomington is known as the "Gateway to Scenic Southern Indiana." The city was established in 1818 by a group of settlers from Kentucky, Tennessee, the Carolinas, and Virginia who were so impressed with "a haven of blooms" that they called it Bloomington.

Adjacent counties

Putnam County, Indiana County in the United States

Putnam County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 37,963. The county seat is Greencastle. The name is in honor of Israel Putnam, who was a hero in the French and Indian War and a general in the American Revolutionary War. The county was formed on April 1, 1822 from Owen and Vigo Counties and parts of the Wabash New Purchase attached to Monroe and Parke Counties.

Morgan County, Indiana County in the United States

Morgan County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 68,894. The county seat is Martinsville.

Monroe County, Indiana County in Indiana, USA

Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population. The population was 137,974 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Bloomington.

Major highways

U.S. Route 231 in Indiana highway in Indiana

U.S. Route 231 in Indiana is a main north–south highway in the western part of the state. The southern terminus of US 231 is at the Kentucky state line and the northern terminus is at US 41 just south of St. John. The highway is a mixture of expressway and two-lane roadway. The expressway is mainly in southern Indiana and around the Lafayette area, with the rest mainly being two-lanes.

Indiana State Road 42 highway in Indiana

State Road 42 (SR 42) is an east–west road in Central Indiana. Its western terminus is at US 40 in Terre Haute. Its eastern terminus is at State Road 67 and State Road 144 in Mooresville.

State Road 43 in the U.S. State of Indiana is split into two segments.

History

Owen County was formed in 1819. It was named after Abraham Owen, a colonel who died at the Battle of Tippecanoe.

Abraham Owen or Abram Owen (1769–1811) was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia, in 1769. He moved to Kentucky in 1785.

Battle of Tippecanoe 19th-century battle

The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought on November 7, 1811 in Battle Ground, Indiana between American forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Indian forces associated with Shawnee leader Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa, leaders of a confederacy of various tribes who opposed settlement of the American West. As tensions and violence increased, Governor Harrison marched with an army of about 1,000 men to disperse the confederacy's headquarters at Prophetstown, near the confluence of the Tippecanoe River and the Wabash River.

In 1920, the United States Census reported Owen County as the Center of Population for the US at a point 8 miles south-southeast of Spencer, Indiana. The center moved the shortest distance since census data collecting began in 1790 (just under 10 miles) from its previous center in Bloomington, IN. When the East experienced high rates of growth, as it did in the decades between 1890 and 1920, the Westward movement of the center slowed. [3]

United States Census decenial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution

The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States ... according to their respective Numbers .... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years." Section 2 of the 14th Amendment states: "Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed." The United States Census Bureau is responsible for the United States Census. The Bureau of the Census is part of the United States Department of Commerce.

Spencer, Indiana Town in Indiana, United States

Spencer is a town in Washington Township, Owen County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 2,217 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Owen County.

Climate and weather

Spencer, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
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F
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A
M
J
J
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S
O
N
D
 
 
2.6
 
 
34
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2.6
 
 
40
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51
28
 
 
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72
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4.7
 
 
81
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84
61
 
 
4.5
 
 
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3.3
 
 
76
50
 
 
3.2
 
 
65
38
 
 
4.1
 
 
52
30
 
 
3.3
 
 
40
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Spencer have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −33 °F (−36 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.56 inches (65 mm) in January to 4.97 inches (126 mm) in May. [4]

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the fiscal body of the county government. It has seven members, three of which are elected county-wide (commonly referred to at-large members) and four of which are elected from districts. District One includes Harrison, Montgomery, Taylor, and Wayne Townships including the Town of Gosport. District Two includes Washington Township including the Town of Spencer. District Three includes Jackson, Jennings, Lafayette, and Morgan Townships. District Four includes Clay, Franklin, Jefferson, and Marion Townships. All council members serve four-year terms with at-large members elected during Presidential election cycles and district members elected during the other election cycles. One of the council members serves as president and another as vice-president. The council is responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes. Several local boards such as the Alcoholic Beverage Board and Library Board have a member or members appointed by the council. [5] [6] [7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners with three members. The commissioners are elected county-wide, however each must reside in their respective districts, two of which are elected during Presidential election cycles and the other during the other election cycles. Each serves a four-year term. The District One member must reside in Harrison, Jackson, Jennings, Montgomery, Taylor, or Wayne Townships. The District Two member must reside in Clay, Franklin, or Washington Townships. The District Three member must reside in Jefferson, Lafayette, Marion, or Morgan Townships. One of the commissioners serves as president and another as vice-president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the state legislature, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. [5] [6] [8]

Court: The county has a Circuit Court. The judge on the court is elected to a term of six years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. [6] [9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, prosecutor, assessor, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and clerk of the circuit court. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. [6]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [10]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 71.9%6,15322.7% 1,9465.4% 458
2012 62.4%5,06234.8% 2,8232.8% 228
2008 54.0%4,41543.7% 3,5702.3% 185
2004 65.8%5,00033.4% 2,5360.9% 68
2000 61.8%4,01934.7% 2,2533.6% 231
1996 48.8%3,05635.8% 2,24415.4% 966
1992 42.0%2,75333.7% 2,20724.3% 1,595
1988 60.3%3,83739.0% 2,4840.7% 42
1984 66.5%4,20432.9% 2,0820.6% 37
1980 58.5%3,63237.4% 2,3254.1% 255
1976 47.8% 2,89651.3%3,1030.9% 56
1972 69.3%3,89630.4% 1,7080.4% 22
1968 51.6%2,89834.4% 1,93214.0% 788
1964 45.3% 2,78854.2%3,3390.5% 33
1960 60.4%3,70038.8% 2,3790.8% 49
1956 58.5%3,68541.0% 2,5810.6% 35
1952 58.4%3,71340.5% 2,5771.1% 71
1948 51.1%3,00246.6% 2,7382.2% 130
1944 55.5%3,31843.6% 2,6020.9% 55
1940 54.0%3,70945.4% 3,1210.6% 38
1936 46.5% 3,09152.6%3,4980.9% 59
1932 38.9% 2,42358.4%3,6392.8% 174
1928 55.0%3,03643.9% 2,4201.1% 61
1924 47.4% 2,62748.2%2,6704.4% 244
1920 49.2%2,99748.4% 2,9482.5% 149
1916 44.7% 1,58551.1%1,8124.3% 151
1912 21.2% 71148.3%1,62130.5% 1,023
1908 44.5% 1,72652.2%2,0233.3% 127
1904 46.3% 1,72149.5%1,8414.2% 158
1900 44.3% 1,70653.4%2,0572.3% 90
1896 45.5% 1,75153.7%2,0700.8% 32
1892 43.5% 1,56948.2%1,7388.3% 299
1888 45.1% 1,63253.0%1,9181.9% 70

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 838
1830 4,017379.4%
1840 8,359108.1%
1850 12,10644.8%
1860 14,37618.8%
1870 16,13712.2%
1880 15,901−1.5%
1890 15,040−5.4%
1900 15,1490.7%
1910 14,053−7.2%
1920 12,760−9.2%
1930 11,351−11.0%
1940 12,0906.5%
1950 11,763−2.7%
1960 11,400−3.1%
1970 12,1636.7%
1980 15,84130.2%
1990 17,2819.1%
2000 21,78626.1%
2010 21,575−1.0%
Est. 201620,840 [11] −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]
1790-1960 [13] 1900-1990 [14]
1990-2000 [15] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,575 people, 8,486 households, and 5,992 families residing in the county. [16] The population density was 56.0 inhabitants per square mile (21.6/km2). There were 10,091 housing units at an average density of 26.2 per square mile (10.1/km2). [17] The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. [16] In terms of ancestry, 28.7% were German, 20.7% were Irish, 8.9% were English, and 8.4% were American. [18]

Of the 8,486 households, 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 42.4 years. [16]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,343. Males had a median income of $40,668 versus $30,556 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,581. About 9.2% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. [19]

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Townships

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Owen County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. United States Census Center of Population - 1920 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2011-09-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. 1 2 "Monthly Averages for Spencer, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  5. 1 2 Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
  7. Owen County Government, Owen County Council, http://www.owencounty.in.gov/html/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=10
  8. Owen County Government, Owen County Commissioners, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-20. Retrieved 2009-08-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. Owen County Government, Circuit Court, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-20. Retrieved 2009-08-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  11. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  12. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  13. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  14. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  15. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  16. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  17. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  18. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  19. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2015-07-10.

Coordinates: 39°19′N86°50′W / 39.31°N 86.84°W / 39.31; -86.84