9K115-2 Metis-M

Last updated
Metis-M / Metis-M1
Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg
Anti-tank missile Metis-M1
Type Anti-tank guided missile
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service1992–present
Used bySee Operators
Wars 2006 Lebanon War
Syrian Civil War [1]
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017) [2]
Production history
Manufacturer KBP Instrument Design Bureau
Produced1992–present
Specifications
MassMissile in launch tube: 13.8 kg
Launcher: 10.2 kg (Metis-M), [3] 9.5 kg (Metis-M1) [4]
Thermal sight: 6.5 kg(Metis-M1) [4]
Length980 mm
Diameter130 mm
Warhead HEAT tandem warhead, Armor penetration behind ERA:
800 mm (Metis-M) [5]
900-950 mm (Metis-M1) [4] [5] [6] [7]
thermobaric anti-personnel/anti-material warhead is also available

EngineSolid-fuel rocket
Operational
range
1500 m (Metis-M) [5]
80 m - 2000 m (Metis-M1) [4] [5] [6]
Maximum speed 200 m/s
Guidance
system
SACLOS wire-guided missile

The 9K115-2Metis-M is a Russian portable [4] anti-tank guided missile system. "9K115-2" is the GRAU designation of the missile system. Its NATO reporting name is AT-13Saxhorn-2. Metis-M1 is the latest upgraded variant of Metis-M. [4] The system is designed to augment the combat power of company-level motorized units.

Contents

Overview

Metis-M1 system with anti-tank missile Metis-M1 (3).jpg
Metis-M1 system with anti-tank missile

The Metis-M / Metis-M1 system adds to the usual positive qualities of a man-portable anti-tank guided missile with significant improvements in range, accuracy and lethality. Owing to the small dimensions and light weight of its components, this manportable system can be carried by its crew in compact packs over any distance and over a wide variety of terrain types, including stream crossing. The three-man crew carries personal weapons and an ammunition load of five missiles. One crew member carries a pack with a missile-loaded launcher, which considerably reduces the time of fire preparation and allows the crew to engage targets whilst moving. In the event of sudden appearance of a target, the operator can fire from the shoulder with the launcher rested against a local object. The two other crew members each carry a pack with two missiles.

Guidance

The Metis-M / Metis-M1 ATGM system has a semi-automatic missile guidance, with commands transmitted over a wire link. The guidance system is constructed so that the most sophisticated and costly components, such as a gyroscopic coordinator, electronic units and an onboard battery, are excluded from the missile.

Features

The Metis-M system comprises:

The combat assets of the Metis-M system include:

Metis-M1

Bangladesh Army Metis-M1 Bangladesh Army METIS-M (23115643144).jpg
Bangladesh Army Metis-M1

Metis-M1 is the upgraded variant of Metis-M. The new version has greater range of 2 km, more armor penetration of 900–950 mm (35–37 in), and reduced weight. It is designed to destroy main battle tanks with Active Protection Systems and Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA), light armored vehicles, fortifications, and other targets in day or night and in any weather condition. [8]

In 2013, Bangladesh Army received large amount of Metis-M1 anti-tank missile systems along with 1200 missiles. [9] [10] [11] In November 2015, Russia revealed it was formalizing the introduction of the Metis-M1 [12] [13] and entered service with Russia on March 2, 2016. [14] [15]

Combat history

Lebanon

According to accounts by the Israel Defense Forces concerning weapons seized from Hezbollah and from journalists' accounts from Lebanon, the Metis-M was used successfully by Hezbollah fighters during the 2006 Lebanon war against Merkava tanks. [16] Russia released a press statement disputing the claim that it had been supplying modern anti-tank weapons to Hezbollah; the Israelis' original claim, however, was in fact that Russian weapons had been sold to Syria, which in turn smuggled the weapons to Hezbollah. [17] Israel has sent a team of officials to Moscow to show the Russians the evidence of what they say can only be Syrian weapons transfers. [18] To date, Russia has not commented on the weapon proliferation, although it has moved to tighten control over the use of Russian-made weapons by the importing states.

Syria

On 7 March 2012, Free Syrian Army fighters used a 9K115-2 Metis-M anti-tank guided missile to hit a derelict Syrian Air Force MiG-23MS. [19] Later during the Syrian Civil War, its use became widespread. Insurgents used it with great success, together with other ATGMs, against different targets, including tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, trucks and firing posts with many videos uploaded on to the internet. Initially, Metis missiles originated from looted Syrian army depots, while later external suppliers could have been involved.

It was confirmed that Bulgaria has sold 6 sets of 9K115-2 Metis via the United States to Syrian rebels. [20]

Operators

Map with 9K115-2 operators in blue 9K115-2 operators.png
Map with 9K115-2 operators in blue

Current operators

Bangladesh Army is one of the largest users of Metis-M1 Bangladesh Army METIS-M (23115643144) (cropped).jpg
Bangladesh Army is one of the largest users of Metis-M1

Former Operators

FUNCINPEC: during the 1997 Cambodian coup. [32]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 "Bataille de Palmyre: les djihadistes de Daech infligent un revers cinglant à l'armée de Bachar al-Assad". France-Soir (in French). 13 December 2016. Archived from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Etat islamique: comment les djihadistes emploient les missiles antichars pour appuyer leurs offensives". France-Soir (in French). 4 May 2017. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  3. "AT-7 Metis Saxhorn AT-13 Metis-M". fas.org. Federation of American Scientists (FAS). Archived from the original on 2016-08-28. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Metis-M1". Rosoboronexport. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Metis Archived 2016-12-23 at the Wayback Machine - Military-Today.com
  6. 1 2 "anti-tank system METIS M-1 (противотанковый комплекс Метис - М1)". YouTube. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  7. http://www.kbptula.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=27%3Ametis-m1&catid=1%3A2011-01-14-06-08-02&Itemid=393&lang=en Retrieved December 26, 2013
  8. Russian Armed Forces could receive new Metis-M1 anti-tank guided missile system Archived 2015-11-27 at the Wayback Machine - Armyrecognition.com, 24 November 2015
  9. 1 2 "Army gets new SP guns, Metis M-1 missiles". Natun Barta. 2013-12-22. Archived from the original on 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  10. 1 2 "Trade-Register-1971-2018.rft". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 2019-04-21.
  11. 1 2 "Army gets new SP guns, Metis M-1 missiles". Dhaka Tribune. 2013-12-22. Archived from the original on 22 Apr 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  12. Administrator. "Russian armed forces to receive Kornet-M and 9K115 Metis-M1 anti-tank-guided missiles TASS 12605161 - weapons defence industry military technology UK - analysis focus army defence military industry army". www.armyrecognition.com. Archived from the original on 2017-10-11. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
  13. Administrator. "Metis-M1 9K115-2 anti-tank guided missile ATGM technical data sheet specifications pictures video 10912156". www.armyrecognition.com. Archived from the original on 2017-12-07. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  14. "ОАО "Конструкторское бюро приборостроения" - Метис-М1 на вооружении". www.kbptula.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 2016-06-19.
  15. TulaKirill (21 August 2010). "anti-tank system METIS M-1 (противотанковый комплекс Метис - М1)". Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016 via YouTube.
  16. "Defense Update - Assessing the Assessing Hezbollah anti-armour tactics and weapons - by David Eshel". Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  17. "Russia denies sending anti-tank weapons to Hizbollah - ministry - rian.ru". Archived from the original on 20 August 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  18. 1 2 "Tough lessons for Israeli armour - BBC". Archived from the original on 7 January 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  19. Oryx. "Oryx Blog". Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  20. 1 2 Binnie, Jeremy (23 September 2015). "Analysis: UN document shows US bought 610 Fagot missiles". Archived from the original on 1 December 2015.
  21. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2013-01-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. "Russia's defense talks with Egypt part of regional arms drive". UPI. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  23. Russia and Egypt complete $2 billion arms deal [ permanent dead link ]
  24. "Armament of the Georgian Army". Georgian Army. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
  25. https://m.malaysiakini.com/news/5095
  26. [defense-update.com/products/m/metis_m_31122010.html]
  27. Small Arms Survey (2015). "Trade Update: After the 'Arab Spring'" (PDF). Small Arms Survey 2015: weapons and the world (PDF). Cambridge University Press. p. 107. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  28. "The Saudi-UAE War Effort in Yemen (Part 1): Operation Golden Arrow in Aden". www.washingtoninstitute.org. Archived from the original on 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
  29. "YouTube". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 2016-05-10. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
  30. News Of Yemen (21 November 2015). "Taiz:Watch Saudi & UAE armoured vehicles are sitting ducks for Houthi/Yemeni army anti-tank missiles" via YouTube.
  31. "YouTube". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 2017-03-30. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
  32. @ShepherdClavis (24 May 2019). "Another one of the FUNCINPEC's forgotten weapons are their 9K115 Metis ATGMs that were received from an unknown source" (Tweet) via Twitter.

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References

External video
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Video about Metis-M (in Russian)