| 9M120 Ataka|
|Type||Anti-tank guided missile|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||See Operators|
|Specifications (9M120 Ataka )|
|Mass||49.5 kg (109 lb)|
|Length||1,830 mm (72 in)|
|Diameter||130 mm (5.1 in)|
|Warhead||HEAT Tandem warhead|
|Warhead weight||7.4 kg (16 lb)|
|Wingspan||360 mm (14 in)|
|0.4–6 km (0.25–3.73 mi)|
|Flight ceiling||0–4,000 m (2.5 mi)|
|Maximum speed||550 m/s (1,800 ft/s; Mach 1.6) (maximum)|
400 m/s (1,300 ft/s; Mach 1.2) (average)
|Radio command link SACLOS|
|Accuracy||0.65–0.9 Hit probability against an MBT from a distance of 4 km.|
|Armored fighting vehicles and helicopters|
The 9M120 Ataka (Russian : Атака; Attack) is an anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) originating from the Soviet Union. The NATO reporting name of the 9M120 missile is the AT-9 Spiral-2. It is the next major generation in the 9K114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) family. The missile has radio command guidance and is also a Beam riding SACLOS. This missile's primary variant was designed to defeat tanks with composite armour and explosive reactive armor. The 9M120 Ataka system is often confused with the 9K121 Vikhr system, despite being different weapons systems developed by different companies. The former was designed by the KBM machine-building design bureau and manufactured by the Degtyarev plant. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Russia exported the Ataka ATGM to Iran, Kazakhstan, and Slovenia.
The AT-9 missile was developed by the Kolomna engineering design bureau, located in Kolomna.This company already designed previous ATGMs, such as the AT-3 "Sagger" and AT-6 "Spiral" missiles. The design work began in the mid 1980s. The Ataka ATGM was designed as a successor model to the AT-6 "Spiral", which was introduced in the late 1970s. The AT-9 is a further development of the AT-6. Compared to its predecessor, the AT-9 is more resistant to electronic countermeasures, and has a greater hit accuracy and longer reach. The newly developed warhead allows for increased penetration power and effectiveness against explosive reactive armor. The first units were delivered in 1985 to the Soviet armed forces.
The missile has often been confused in the west with the 9A4172 Vikhr dual-purpose laser beam riding missile used on the Kamov helicopters and Sukhoi attack aircraft (as well as some Ukrainian Mi-24/35 upgrades). These systems are completely unrelated in their design and are in fierce competition. New light multifunctional guided missiles with increased range – up to 15 kilometers – have been developed and received for Russian attack helicopters on the outcomes of the military operation in Syria.
The Ataka missile is stored in a glass reinforced plastic tube, which also acts as its launcher. The missile is reported to be considerably faster than the 9K114 Shturm, with longer range than the original version. It still uses radio command guidance, but the system has been improved when compared to the earlier 9K114 Shturm.
The system is carried by the multiple kinds of helicopters including the Mi-28 and Mi-35. It is also offered for ground vehicles like the BMPT and the 9P149.
There are three main missiles that are compatible with the launch system. The first is a two-stage anti-armour weapon that features a tandem warhead for dealing with add-on armor. The second variant of the missile – designated as 9M120F – has a thermobaric warhead for use against infantry positions and bunkers. The third variant of the 9M120 Ataka is the 9M220, which features a proximity fused expanding rod warhead, providing the missile with air-to-air capability against low- and slow-flying aircraft.
|Designation||Description||Length||Diameter||Wingspan||Launch weight||Warhead||Armor penetration (RHA)||Range||Speed|
|9M120||Original variant||1,830 mm (72 in)||130 mm (5.1 in)||360 mm (14 in)||49.5 kg (109 lb)||7.4 kg (16 lb) Tandem HEAT||800 mm (31 in) after ERA||0.4–6 km (0.25–3.73 mi)||550 m/s (1,800 ft/s; Mach 1.6)(Top speed)|
400 m/s (1,300 ft/s; Mach 1.2)(Average)
|9M120F||Anti-personnel variant||Thermobaric warhead with 9.5 kg (21 lb) TNT equivalent||N/A||1–5.8 km (0.62–3.60 mi)|
|9M220O||Anti-air variant||Proximity Fuse||0.4–7 km (0.25–4.35 mi)|
|9M120M||Modernized anti-tank variant||7.4 kg (16 lb) Tandem HEAT||950 mm (37 in) after ERA||0.8–8 km (0.50–4.97 mi)|
The Kamov Ka-50 "Black Shark" is a Russian single-seat attack helicopter with the distinctive coaxial rotor system of the Kamov design bureau. It was designed in the 1980s and adopted for service in the Russian army in 1995. It is manufactured by the Progress company in Arsenyev. It is used as a heavily armed scout helicopter. It is the world's first operational helicopter with a rescue ejection system.
An anti-tank guided missile (ATGM), anti-tank missile, anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) or anti-armor guided weapon is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles.
The BMP-3 is a Soviet and Russian infantry fighting vehicle, successor to the BMP-1 and BMP-2. The abbreviation BMP stands for boevaya mashina pehoty.
High-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) is a type of shaped charge explosive that uses the Munroe effect to penetrate heavy armor. The warhead functions by having an explosive charge collapse a metal liner inside the warhead into a high-velocity superplastic jet; this superplastic jet is capable of penetrating armor steel to a depth of seven or more times the diameter of the charge. The jet's effect is purely kinetic in nature; the round has no explosive or incendiary effect on the target.
The Mil Mi-24 is a large helicopter gunship, attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport with room for eight passengers. It is produced by Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant and has been operated since 1972 by the Soviet Air Force and its successors, along with 48 other nations.
The Mil Mi-28 is a Russian all-weather, day-night, military tandem, two-seat anti-armor attack helicopter. It is an attack helicopter with no intended secondary transport capability, better optimized than the Mil Mi-24 gunship for the role. It carries a single gun in an undernose barbette, plus external loads carried on pylons beneath stub wings.
The 9M14 Malyutka is a manual command to line of sight (MCLOS) wire-guided anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) system developed in the Soviet Union. It was the first man-portable anti-tank guided missile of the Soviet Union and is probably the most widely produced ATGM of all time—with Soviet production peaking at 25,000 missiles a year during the 1960s and 1970s. In addition, copies of the missile have been manufactured under various names by at least five countries.
The AT-2Swatter is the NATO reporting name for the 3M11Fleyta (flute) SACLOS radio command anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union.
9K114 Shturm - is a SACLOS radio guided anti-tank missile system of the Soviet Union. Its GRAU designation is 9K114. Its NATO reporting name is AT-6 Spiral. The missile itself is known as the 9M114 Kokon (Cocoon).
The 9K112 Kobra is a SACLOS anti-tank missile system of the Soviet Union. It is fired from the 125 mm main guns of the T-64 and T-80 series of tanks. A newer design based on the same concept is the 9M119.
The 9M123 Khrizantema is a Russian anti-tank guided missile. Khrizantema was designed to deal with current and future generations of main battle tanks and can also be used to engage slow and low flying aerial targets like helicopters. The 9M123 missile together with its associated guidance system forms the 9K123 missile system.
The 9K121 Vikhr is a Russian laser guided anti-tank missile. "9K121" is the GRAU designation for the missile system. The missile can be launched from warships, Ka-50 and Ka-52 helicopters, and Su-25T aircraft. It was first shown publicly at the 1992 Farnborough Airshow.
The Saegheh refers to at least six completely separate Iranian weapons systems: a RPG warhead, an anti-tank guided missile family, a surface-to-surface rocket, a target drone family, an air-to-air missile and a claimed stealth Unmanned aerial vehicle.
The BMPT "Terminator" is an armored fighting vehicle (AFV), designed and manufactured by the Russian company Uralvagonzavod. This vehicle was designed for supporting tanks and other AFVs in urban areas. The BMPT is unofficially named the "Terminator" by the manufacturers. It is heavily armed and armored to survive in urban combat. This AFV is armed with Ataka-T Guided Weapon System armed with four 9M120 Ataka missile launchers, two 30 mm 2A42 autocannons, two AG-17D grenade launchers, and one coaxial 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun.
The 2T Stalker, also known as BM-2T Stalker, is a Belarusian armoured vehicle. It never entered production.
The BMD-4 is an amphibious infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) originating from post-Cold War Russia. Originally designated as the BMD-3M, the chassis of the BMD-4 is the same as that of the BMD-3, because it was developed on the same basis. This armored fighting vehicle is one of the lightest and one of the most heavily armed in its class, possessing a substantial amount of firepower in comparison to its counterparts. The vehicle was designed to transport Russian Airborne Troops (VDV); increasing its mobility, armament, and protection on the battlefield.
The 9M133M Kornet-M Russian anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) is an improved version of the 9M133 Kornet ATGM, with increased range, fire-and-forget capability, and an improved warhead.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 9M120 Ataka .|