9M17 Fleyta

Last updated
3M11 / 9M17
AT-2 Swatter
AT-2c Swatter.JPG
AT-2C Swatter
Type Anti-tank missile
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1964-present
Production history
DesignerNudelman OKB-16
Mass27 kilograms (60 lb)
Length116 cm (46 in)
Diameter148 mm (5.8 in)
Warhead HEAT
Warhead weight5.4 kg (12 lb)

EngineSolid fuel rocket
Wingspan68 cm (27 in)
0.5 to 2.5 kilometres (0.31 to 1.55 mi)
Maximum speed 160 m/s (360 mph)
Radio command
Mi-4, Mi-8, Mi-24, Mi-25, BRDM-1, BRDM-2

The AT-2Swatter is the NATO reporting name for the 3M11Fleyta (flute) SACLOS radio command anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union.



The missile was developed by the Nudelman OKB-16 design bureau. It was developed at about the same time as the AT-1 Snapper as a heavy ATGM for use on both ground launchers and helicopters. It addressed some of the problems of the AT-1; it was much faster, and had slightly longer range. These improvements were achieved by sending commands via a radio link instead of a trailing guidance wire, which allowed the missile to travel faster. However, it did make it vulnerable to jamming. The missile system was shown to Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev in September 1964, and accepted for service shortly afterwards.


AT-2B Swatter missile AT-2b Swatter line drawing.PNG
AT-2B Swatter missile

The AT-2 was the first Soviet ATGM to be deployed from helicopters. Small numbers were fitted to the Mi-4AV. The missile was deployed on the Mi-8 Hip as well as the Mi-24 and Mi-25 'Hind' series of helicopters. It was also deployed on the BRDM-1 and BRDM-2 infantry fighting vehicles.

The original AT-2A (3M11Fleyta) missile was problematic; one Russian source describes the missile as "notable for its complexity and low reliability". Also, the missile's range was felt to be inadequate. An improved version of the missile was developed: the AT-2B (9M17Falanga). Externally, the missiles are very similar, however the AT-2B range is increased to 3.5 km. The standard production version was the 9M17MFalanga-M, which entered service in 1968.

The next development was to integrate SACLOS guidance, resulting in the AT-2Swatter-C or 9M17PFalanga-P. It entered service in 1969. A product improved version the 9M17MP was developed that had an improved engine and signal lamp.

The missile has been used extensively in the following wars on the Mi-24 platform.

It was replaced in Soviet service by the 9K114 Shturm ATGM.

General characteristics (AT-2 Swatter A)

AT-2A Swatter missile AT-2a Swatter line drawing.PNG
AT-2A Swatter missile



Map with 9M17 operators in blue and former operators in red 9M17 operators.png
Map with 9M17 operators in blue and former operators in red

Current operators

Former operators


Related Research Articles

Anti-tank guided missile Guided missile for combat against armored targets

An anti-tank guided missile (ATGM), anti-tank missile, anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) or anti-armor guided weapon is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles.

Manual command to line of sight (MCLOS) is a method for guiding guided missiles.

BMD-2 Airborne infantry fighting vehicle

The BMD-2 is a Soviet airborne infantry fighting vehicle, introduced in 1985. It is a variant of BMD-1 with a new turret and some changes done to the hull. BMD stands for Boyevaya Mashina Desanta. It was developed as a replacement of BMD-1 but it failed to replace it completely because of the downfall of Soviet economy in 1980s. NATO gave it the designation BMD M1981/1.

Swingfire Anti-tank missile

Swingfire was a British wire-guided anti-tank missile developed in the 1960s and produced from 1966 until 1993. The name refers to its ability to make a rapid turn of up to ninety degrees after firing to bring it onto the line of the sighting mechanism. This means that the launcher vehicle could be concealed and the operator, using a portable sight, placed at a distance in a more advantageous firing position.

BRDM-2 Amphibious armored scout car

The BRDM-2 is an amphibious armoured patrol car used by Russia and the former Soviet Union. It was also known under the designations BTR-40PB, BTR-40P-2 and GAZ 41-08. This vehicle, like many other Soviet designs, has been exported extensively and is in use in at least 38 countries. It was intended to replace the earlier BRDM-1, compared to which it had improved amphibious capabilities and better armament.

Mil Mi-28 Attack helicopter

The Mil Mi-28 is a Russian all-weather, day-night, military tandem, two-seat anti-armor attack helicopter. It is an attack helicopter with no intended secondary transport capability, better optimized than the Mil Mi-24 gunship for the role. It carries a single gun in an undernose barbette, plus external loads carried on pylons beneath stub wings.

HJ-8 Anti-tank missile

The HJ-8 or Hongjian-8 is a second generation tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided anti-tank missile system which was originally deployed by China's People's Liberation Army since the late 1980s.

9M14 Malyutka Anti-tank missile

The 9M14 Malyutka is a manual command to line of sight (MCLOS) wire-guided anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) system developed in the Soviet Union. It was the first man-portable anti-tank guided missile of the Soviet Union and is probably the most widely produced ATGM of all time—with Soviet production peaking at 25,000 missiles a year during the 1960s and 1970s. In addition, copies of the missile have been manufactured under various names by at least five countries.

3M6 Shmel

The 3M6 Shmel is an MCLOS wire-guided Anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union. Its GRAU designation is "3M6" and its NATO reporting name is AT-1 Snapper.

9K111 Fagot Anti-tank weapon

The 9K111 Fagot is a second-generation tube-launched SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile system of the Soviet Union for use from ground or vehicle mounts. The 9K111 Fagot missile system was developed by the Tula KBP Design Bureau for Instrument Building. "9M111" is the GRAU designation of the missile. Its NATO reporting name is AT-4 Spigot.

9M113 Konkurs Anti-tank missile

The 9M113 Konkurs is a Soviet SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile.

9K114 Shturm ATGM

9K114 Shturm - is a SACLOS radio guided anti-tank missile system of the Soviet Union. Its GRAU designation is 9K114. Its NATO reporting name is AT-6 Spiral. The missile itself is known as the 9M114 Kokon (Cocoon).

SS.10 Anti-tank missile

The Nord Aviation SS.10 was a MCLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile designed by the French engineer Jean Bastien-Thiry. In American service, the missile was called the MGM-21A. The missile entered service in 1955 with the French Army. It was used briefly by the US Army in the early 1960s. The missile ceased production in January 1962 after approximately 30,000 missiles had been built.

SS.11 MCLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile

SS.11 is the designation of the Nord Aviation MCLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile. In American service, the missile was designated the AGM-22. The missile entered service with the French Army in 1956. Production of the SS.11/SS.12 series ceased some time in the 1980s, by which time over 170,000 had been sold. The price of the SS.11 in the late 1960s was stated at approximately $1,900 U.S. dollars.

9M120 Ataka Anti-tank guided missile

The 9M120 Ataka is an anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) originating from the Soviet Union. The NATO reporting name of the 9M120 missile is the AT-9 Spiral-2. It is the next major generation in the 9K114 Shturm family. The missile has radio command guidance and is also a Beam riding SACLOS. This missile's primary variant was designed to defeat tanks with composite armour and explosive reactive armor. The 9M120 Ataka system is often confused with the 9K121 Vikhr system, despite being different weapons systems developed by different companies. The former was designed by the KBM machine-building design bureau and manufactured by the Degtyarev plant. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Russia exported the Ataka ATGM to Iran, Kazakhstan, and Slovenia.

BRDM-1 Amphibious armored scout car

The BRDM-1 is a Soviet amphibious armored scout car. It was the first purpose-built Soviet reconnaissance vehicle to enter service since the BA-64 and was built on the chassis and drive train of the BTR-40 armored personnel carrier. It is the world's first mass-produced combat vehicle of its class.

The Raad or RAAD is an Iranian wire-guided anti-tank guided missile based on the Soviet 9M14M Malyutka missile. The Raad began mass production in 1988 and was publicly unveiled in 1997. It is manufactured by Parchin Missile Industries, a subsidiary of Iran's Defense Industries Organization.

The 2T Stalker, also known as BM-2T Stalker, is a Belarusian armoured vehicle. It never entered production.

HJ-10 Non-line-of-sight Anti-tank / anti-helicopter / air-to-surface and surface-to-surface missile

HJ-10 is a Chinese ground-launched anti-tank missile developed by Norinco. It has a tandem high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, that may penetrate 1,400 mm (55 in) of conventional steel armour protected by explosive reactive armour. The maximum range is 10 km (6.2 mi), with pre- or post-launch lock-on. Air-launched variants for helicopters and drones have also been developed.


  1. http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/falanga_pv/falanga_pv.shtml