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Barech (also Baraich, Bareach,Baraise kheil or Barreach) is a Pashtun tribe in southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan. [1] The Barech live primarily in Shorawak District. [2]

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Kandahar Province Province of Afghanistan

Kandahār is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the southern part of the country, sharing border with Balochistan, Pakistan to the east. It is surrounded by Helmand in the west, Uruzgan in the north and Zabul Province in the east. Its capital is the city of Kandahar, Afghanistan's second largest city, which is located on the Arghandab River. The greater region surrounding the province is called Loy Kandahar.

The Mohmand or Momand is one of the most prominent Pashtun tribes. 1rst Son of Daulatyar and 2nd son is Daudzai according to Pashtoon history books.They are mostly based in district Mohmand of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Western Pakistan, bordered with Afghanistan and in the eastern district of Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan.

There are multiple claims or theories about the origins of the Pashtun tribes, who are classified as an Iranic ethnic group.

Rohillas are a community of Pashtun ancestry, historically found in Rohilkhand, a region in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It forms the largest Pashtun diaspora community in India, and has given its name to the Rohilkhand region. The Rohilla military chiefs settled in the Hindu-majority region of northern India in the 1720s.

Ghilji Pashtun tribe

The Ghiljī also spelled Khilji, Khalji, or Ghilzai or Ghilzay (غلزی), are one of the largest tribes of Pashtuns. Their traditional homeland is Ghazni and Qalati Ghilji in Afghanistan. They are also settled in other parts of Afghanistan. The modern nomadic Kochi people mostly belong to the Ghilji tribe.

Durrani Pashtun tribe

The Durrānī formerly known as Abdālī (ابدالي), are one of the largest tribes of Pashtuns. Their traditional homeland is in southern Afghanistan, straddling into Toba Achakzai in Balochistan, Pakistan, but they are also settled in other parts of Afghanistan and parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Ayub Khan (Emir of Afghanistan) Emir of Afghanistan

Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan also known as The Victor of Maiwand or The Afghan Prince Charlie was, for a while, the governor of Herat Province in Emirate of Afghanistan. He was Emir of Afghanistan from 12 October 1879 to 31 May 1880. He also the led the Afghan troops during the Second Anglo-Afghan War and defeated the British Indian Army at Battle of Maiwand. Following his defeat at Battle of Kandahar, Ayub Khan was deposed and exiled to British India. However, Ayub Khan fled to Persia. After negotiations in 1888 with Sir Mortimer Durand, the ambassador at Tehran, Ayub Khan became a pensioner of the British Raj and traveled to British India in 1888 and lived there until his death in 1914 in Lahore, Punjab. He was buried in Peshawar and had eleven wives, fifteen sons and ten daughters. Two of his grandson, Sardar Hissam Mahmud el-Effendi was Brigadier in Pakistan Army.

Bareilly district District of Uttar Pradesh in India

The Bareilly districtpronunciation  belongs to the state Uttar Pradesh in northern India. Its capital is Bareilly city and it is divided in six administrative division or tehsils: Aonla, Baheri, Bareilly city, Faridpur, Mirganj, and Nawabganj. The Bareilly district is a part of the Bareilly Division and occupies an area of 4120 km2 with a population of 4,448,359 people according to the census of 2011.

Pashto media

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Alakozai is the name of a Pashtun tribe in Afghanistan. Spelling variations include Alakoozi, Alekozai, Alekuzei, Alikozai, Alokozay, Alokozay, Alkozai, Alokzai, Hulakozai, Alecozay, Alikusi, and Alakuzei.

Ibrahimkhel or Ibrahimkhil (Pashto:ابراهيمخيل) is a major Pashtun tribe, living in places such as Kabul, Kandahar, Paktia, Paktika, Laghman, Jowzjan, Qunduz, Mazar-e-sharif, Herat, Peshawar, Quetta Upper Dir and some other parts of Pakistan, as well as in a small village of Swat district named Biha near Matta. All the historical references show that the Ibrahimkhel are the descendants of the Ghiljis.

Sakzai, also called Sagzai, Sagzi and Sijzi, are a historical Pashtun tribe of the Ghilzai branch in Afghanistan located within the locales of Nimroz, Ghor, Helmand and Farah. Also they can be found among the Baloch tribes.

The Battle of Attock took place on 28 April 1758 between Maratha Empire and the Durrani Empire. The Marathas, under Raghunathrao (Raghoba), delivered a decisive victory and Attock was captured. The battle is seen as a great success for Marathas who hoisted Maratha flag in Attock. Raghunathrao left Punjab after three months appointing Maratha Sardar Narsoji Pandit with 4000 Maratha troops to guard the fort from Afghans. It was conquered by the combined forces of Huzurati Troops and Shinde Army. The Shinde Troops were under the able command of Shreenath Mahadji Shinde, his elder brother Tukajirao and uncle Shambhuji Shinde.

Nazo Ana high schools are boys' schools in Afghanistan. One is in "Mikrorayan-e-Awal" in District 16 of Kabul City, Afghanistan, and the other is in Kandahar City.

Malak Yousaf Yasin khel, a notable Dilzak Afghan was the father of Ali. He is famous among Pashtun people as Shaheed baba. Malak Yousaf was the commander of the Afghan Brigade in Ghaznavids Army. In 977, Sabuktigin captured Kandahar. So keeping this advancement in mind Jayapala ordered his army to march toward Ghazna but unfortunately he was defeated by Sebuktagin. Soon he (Sabuktigin) conquered Peshawar and extended his territories toward Neelab. In 992 he was killed with other Afghan soldiers against Raja Jay Pal. His mazar (shrine) is in Mardan. He is the grandparent of Yousaf Khel, a subbranch of Yasin Khel.

Panni refers to a Pashtun tribe in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Another name for the tribe of balailzai. Like other Pashtuns, they have Eastern Iranian genetic and ethnolinguistic heritage. They descended from Gharghasht, one of Qais Abdur Rashīd's sons. Most are settled in parts of Pakistan or Afghanistan, such as Karachi, Quetta, Musakhail, Dera Ismail Khan, Mardan, Peshawar, Haripur, Kabul, Tank, Kohat, Sibi ,while there are some communities in the United States, United Kingdom, and other Western countries. They were, at one point in time, were holding main posts in the Government especially during the rule of Bahlol Lodhi. After his reign ended, they scattered and migrated to various parts of the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East. Panni are migrated to South India. Most of the Panni's are settled in Pakistan.

Battle of Peshawar, was fought on 27 November 1001 between the Ghaznavid army of Sultan Mahmud bin Sebuktigin and the Hindu Shahi army of Jayapala, near Peshawar. Jayapala was defeated and captured, and as a result of the humiliation of the defeat, he later immolated himself in a funeral pyre. This is the first of many major battles in the expansion of the Ghaznavid Empire into the Indian subcontinent by Mahmud of Ghazni.

Babur had planned an expedition against Kandahar in 1506, which was governed by Shah Shuja better known as Shah Beg Arghun. Babur had marched towards Shniz where Wardak Afghans were residents. He had not decided yet whether or not to proceed against Kandahar when he held a war council in which his brother Jahangir Mirza II and Baqi Cheghaniani suggested instead of taking Qalati Ghilji. Qalati Ghilji was bestowed on Mukim Beg Arghun by his father Dhul-Nun Beg Arghun. Mukim's partisans, Farrukh Arghun and Kara Bilut, held it at this time on his part. On reaching Tazi, Sher Ali Chihreh and Kuchek Baqi Dewana, with some others, had formed the plan of deserting. Babur instantly had them seized, Sher Ali Chihreh was executed, having deprived the others of their arms and horses, he let them go.

Babuzai (Pashtun tribe)

Babuzai (Pashto: بابوزي) is a Pashtun tribe.

Muzaffar ul-Mulk The Mehtar of Chitral

His Highness Muzaffar ul-Mulk was the Mehtar of Chitral who reigned from 1943 to 1949. He took the important decision of Chitrals accession to Pakistan in 1947. He dispatched his army into Gilgit in August 1947, to help secure that territory for Pakistan.


  1. see Adamec, Historical and Political Gazetteer of Afghanistan, Vol. 5, Kandahar and South-Central Afghanistan” 1980, Akademische Druck-u.Verlaganstalt, Graz-Austria
  2. "Kandahar Provincial Overview". Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 13 October 2019.