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The Tahir Kheli (also Tar Kheli) is a Pashtun tribe which mainly dwells in the Hazara region of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.
Afghan refers to someone or something from Afghanistan, in particular a citizen of that country. The pre-nation state, historical ethnonym Afghan was used to refer to a member of the Pashtuns.
The Aimaq or Chahar Aimaq, also transliterated as Aimagh, Aimak and Aymaq, are a collection of Sunni and mostly Persian-speaking nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes. They live mostly in the central and western highlands of Afghanistan, especially in Ghor, Badghis. Aimaqs were originally known as chahar ("four") Aymaqs: the Taymani, the Firozkohi, the Jamshidi and the Timuri. Other sources state that the Aimaq Hazara are one of the Chahar, with the Timuri instead being of the "lesser Aimaqs" or Aimaq-e digar.
The Hazaras are a Persian-speaking ethnic group native to, and primarily residing in, the mountainous region of Hazarajat, in central Afghanistan. They speak the Hazaragi dialect of Persian which is mutually intelligible with Dari, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.
The population of Afghanistan is around 39 million as of 2021. The nation is composed of a multi-ethnic and multilingual society, reflecting its location astride historic trade and invasion routes between Central Asia, Southern Asia, and Western Asia. Ethnic groups in the country include Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbeks, Nuristanis, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch and a number of others which are less known.
Hazarajat, or Hazaristan, is a mountainous region in the central highlands of Afghanistan, among the Koh-i-Baba mountains in the western extremities of the Hindu Kush. It is the homeland of the Hazara people who make up the majority of its population. "Hazarajat denotes an ethnic and religious zone."
Abdul Ali Mazari was a Shiite militia and political leader of the Hezb-e Wahdat party during and following the Soviet–Afghan War. Mazari was an ethnic Hazara from Parwan province of Afghanistan who believed that the solution to the internal divisions in Afghanistan was in a federal system of governance, with each ethnic group having specific constitutional rights and able to govern their own land and people. He was allegedly tortured and murdered by the Taliban in 1995, and posthumously given the title ‘Martyr Of National Unity’ in 2016 by Ashraf Ghani government. He supported equal representation of all ethnic groups of Afghanistan, especially Hazaras, who are still being persecuted in Afghanistan.
Shirin R. Tahir-Kheli is an American political scientist who also served in the Department of State. In 2006, she was appointed as the first Ambassador for women's empowerment by the United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice as well as Senior Advisor to the Secretary of State on United Nations Reform. She was sworn in as the First American Muslim Ambassador in July 1990. Dr. Tahir-Kheli was the Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Democracy, Human Rights and International Operations at the White House National Security Council, from 2003-2005. She has served three Republican presidential administrations since 1980.
The Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has been known by a number of names throughout its history. In addition to North-West Frontier Province, the official name by which it was known from 1901 to 2010, other names used or proposed for the province include Gandhara, Lahinda Punjab, Western Punjab, Afghania, Pakhtunistan, Pashtunistan, Pathanistan, Sarhad, Abasin, Khyber, or a combination of these and other names.
Afghanistan is a multiethnic and mostly tribal society. The population of the country consists of numerous ethnolinguistic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashai, Nuristani, Gujjar, Arab, Brahui, Qizilbash, Pamiri, Kyrgyz, Sadat and others. The Afghan National Anthem and the Afghan Constitution each mention fourteen of them, though the lists are not exactly the same.
Garhi Habibullah is a town and union council of Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located in Mansehra Tehsil and lies to the east of the district capital Mansehra, towards the Kashmir frontier. It is in an area affected by the 2005 Kashmir earthquake. It is named after Habibullah Khan. Old name of Garhi Habibullah was Garhi Saadat Khan named as such by the founder of this town who was ruler of Pakhli(1762-1780) and nominal Chief Of Swati Pashtun Tribe. Hindko Language is spoken in this town.
Hazara Town is a lower- to middle-income area on the western outskirts of Quetta, Pakistan with a population of up to 1,500,000, of which an estimated two-thirds are ethnic Hazaras and the remaining portion are Pashtun and Baloch.
The major ethnic groups of Pakistan include Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Saraikis, Muhajirs, Baloch, Paharis, Hindkowans, and other smaller groups. Smaller ethnic groups found throughout the nation include Kashmiris, Kalash, Chitralis, Siddi, Burkusho, Wakhis, Khowar, Hazara, Shina, and Baltis.
The Battle of Uruzgan was fought in 1893 CE between Pashtuns and the Hazara ethnic group of Afghanistan. Thereafter, on Hazara defeat, the Hazaras of the Uruzgani tribe were uprooted from Uruzgan by Abdur Rahman Khan and Pashtun tribes were resettled in Uruzgan. Some Uruzgani refugees migrated to Iran and British India (Quetta). In 1901, Amir Habibullah Khan granted amnesty to the migrated Hazaras and asked them to return. Some returning Uruzgani Hazaras were then resettled in Afghan Turkistan and Balkh Province, but were not allowed to return to Uruzgan.
The Sulaimankhel, or Suleiman Khel, are a Pashtun sub-tribe of the Ghilji tribe of Bettani confederation of Pashtuns. In the early 20th century, the tribe was recognised as generally pastoral.
The persecution of Hazara people refers to discrimination against the Hazaras, who are mostly from Afghanistan, primarily from the central regions of Afghanistan, known as Hazarajat. Significant communities of Hazara people also live in Quetta, Pakistan, and in the city of Mashad, Iran, as part of the Hazara and Afghan diasporas.
Hazara cuisine or Hazaragi cuisine refers to the food and cuisine of the Hazara people in Afghanistan and western Pakistan. The food of the Hazara people is strongly influenced by Central Asian, South Asian and Persian cuisines and shares similarities with neighboring regional cuisines in Afghanistan and Central Asia. However, there are certain dishes, culinary methods and styles of cooking that are unique to the Hazara people.
Ethnic violence has been present in Afghanistan for hundreds of years. As a geographically fragmented state, Afghanistan is separated into as many as 14 ethnic groups that have historically faced divisions that devolved into violence. This conflict reached its culminating point in the 1990s with the rise of the Taliban and the genocide of a number of the country's ethnic groups.
Anti-Pashtun sentiment refers to fear, dislike, or hostility towards Pashtun people or anything related to Pashtun culture.
Hazara nationalism is a movement that claims the Hazara people, an ethnic native to the Hazarajat region of Afghanistan, are a distinct nation and deserve a nation-state of their own. The movement propagates the view that Muslims are not a nation and that ethnic loyalty must surpass religious loyalty, though this view has been challenged by both the 1890s independence uprisings of Hazarajat and the systematic discrimination many Hazaras have historically faced within Afghanistan.
Jalila Haider is a human rights attorney and political activist from Quetta, a city in Balochistan, Pakistan. Haider is known to be the first woman lawyer from the Hazara minority of Quetta and has been an advocate for the rights of her persecuted community in Pakistan. She is a member of Awami Workers Party (AWP), leader of the Balochistan chapter of Women Democratic Front (WDF), and is also an activist in the Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM). She founded a non-profit organisation, 'We the Humans – Pakistan', which aims to empower local communities in Balochistan by strengthening opportunities for vulnerable women and children.