Kabul Khel

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The Kabul Khel are a Waziri tribe in Pakistan. [1] They are a subtribe of the Utmanzai. [2] In the past, the Kabul Khel have fought multiple wars against the authorities of the British Raj.

Contents

British period

1859 war

In November 1859, Britain launched a punitive expedition against the Kabul Khel following the murder of a British officer in Latammar on the 5 November. [1] The British force consisted of 4000 soldiers and 1000 additional tribal levies. [1] Among the tribes fighting alongside the British against the Kabul Khel were the Turi. [3] The largest battle of this conflict took place at the Maidani hills, where British forces suffered 11 casualties. [1]

1902 war

In 1902, the British launched a new expedition against the Kabul Khel, who had then been in a state of rebellion since 1896. On 17 November 1902, troops under the command of Major-General Egerton began their invasion of Kabul Khel tribal territory from Thal, Idak and Barganatu. British forces advanced with ease, capturing Gumatti (18 Nov), Sappari (20 Nov), and Shakar (20 Nov). With the Kabul Khel having thus been pacified, British forces withdrew on the 25th, ending the expedition. [4]

Post-independence period

In 2016, the Kabul Khel engaged in protests against Pakistani authorities, in opposition to the construction of the proposed Kurram Tangi Dam. [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Baker, Kevin James (2011). War in Afghanistan. Rosenberg Publishing. pp. 60, 61. ISBN   978-1-921719-39-4.
  2. 1 2 Shahid, Shamim (2016). "Tribesmen protest against Kurram Tangi Dam - Pakistan Today". www.pakistantoday.com.pk. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  3. "The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 16". dsal.uchicago.edu. 1908. p. 50. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  4. Intelligence Branch, Army Headquarters, India (1907). Frontier And Overseas Expeditions From India Vol. 2. Low Price Publications. pp.  445–449. ISBN   978-1845743536.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)