Dibao (ti-pao),sometimes called headmen or constables, were local officials in Qing and early Republican China, typically selected from among the prominent landowners. Working in communities of around 100 households, they were charged with overseeing boundaries and land disputes. He notarized all real estate deeds on a commission basis and collected the land tax, as well as overseeing minor punishment such as the cangue.
As foreign missionaries and businessmen gained the right to hold property in China from the unequal treaties, the local headmen could be caught between them and their superiors in the Chinese hierarchy, for instance during the construction of the Woosung Road.
The dibao administered villages under the ordinary Chinese administrative system. A similar office called the shoubao (shou-pao) was established under the Qing in 1725 to manage the Banner system.
The dibao were the successors of the Qin and Han tingzhang,the Sui and Tang lizheng, and Song baozheng. They were occasionally also known as baozheng or as dijia
After 1900, they began to be replaced by less autonomous cunzheng,although this transition was not completed until the Republican era.
King Cheng of Zhou, personal name Ji Song (姬誦), was the second king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. The dates of his reign are 1042-1021 BCE or 1042/35-1006 BCE. His parents were King Wu of Zhou and Queen Yi Jiang (邑姜).
Jiangyin is a county-level city on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, and is administered by Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Jiangyin is one of the most important transport hubs on the Yangtze River, it is also one of the most developed counties in China.
Aì Qīng, born Jiǎng Zhènghán and styled Jiǎng Hǎichéng, is regarded by some as one of the finest modern Chinese poets. He was known under his pen names Línbì, Kè'ā and Éjiā.
Ti is the Chinese word for substance or body. The philosopher Zhang Zai described the ti as "that which is never absent, that is, through all transformations."
A village head, village headman or village chief is the community leader of a village or a small town.
Daming Lake (Chinese: 大明湖; pinyin: Dà Míng Hú; Wade–Giles: Ta4 Ming2 Hu2; lit.: 'Lake of the Great Splendour') is the largest lake in the city of Jinan, Shandong, China and one of city's main natural and cultural landmarks. Located to the north of the historical city center, the lake is fed by the artesian karst springs of the area and hence retains a fairly constant water level through the entire year.
The Zhengzitong was a 17th-century Chinese dictionary. The Ming dynasty scholar Zhang Zilie originally published it in 1627 as a supplement to the 1615 Zihui dictionary of Chinese characters, and called it the Zihui bian. The Qing dynasty author Liao Wenying bought Zhang's manuscript, renamed it Zhengzitong, and published it under his own name in 1671.
The baojia system was an invention of Wang Anshi of the Song dynasty, who created this community-based system of law enforcement and civil control that was included in his large reform of Chinese government from 1069–1076.
Baoding Military Academy or Paoting Military Academy was a military academy based in Baoding, Republican China, in the first two decades of the 20th century. For a time, it was the most important military academy in China, and its cadets played prominent roles in the political and military history of the Republic of China. The Baoding Military Academy closed in 1923, but served as a model for the Whampoa Military Academy, which was founded in Guangzhou in 1924. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, half of 300 divisions in China's armed forces were commanded by Whampoa graduates and one-third were Baoding cadets.
Gu Zhengyi was a famed Chinese painter active during the Ming Dynasty. His birth and death years are unknown. His style name was 'Zhongfan' (仲方) and his pseudonym was Tinglin (亭林). He was a native Huating. His style followed Huang Gongwang, and he was close with Song Xu and Sun Kehong.
Meigan cai (simplified Chinese: 梅干菜; traditional Chinese: 梅乾菜; pinyin: méigān cài; Wade–Giles: mei2-kan1 ts'ai4; lit.: 'molded dried vegetable'; or mei cai is a type of dry pickled Chinese mustard of the Hakka people from Huizhou, Guangdong province, China. Meigan cai is also used in the cuisine of Shaoxing, Zhejiang province, China.
Jinhu Township is an urban township of Kinmen (Quemoy), Fujian Province, Republic of China (Taiwan). It is in the Taiwan Strait, on the coast of mainland China. Jinhu Township is the largest township in Kinmen County.
Bao Linghui was a Chinese poet of the Southern Dynasties. A native of Donghai, Jiangsu Province, she was the younger sister of poet Bao Zhao, and, like her brother, wrote in the style of refined imitation of Han dynasty folksongs and ballads. Dates of her birth and death were unknown, but according to Bao Zhao's Qingjiaqi (请假启), she might have died during the reign of Emperor Xiaowu of Liu Song. Her poems can be found in New Songs from the Jade Terrace. Seven of her poems are extant, all of the "boudoir lament" genre, in which the poet laments the absence of her lover.
Liu Baojun , or Liu Pao-ch'ün (Wade-Giles) (1892–1947) was a teacher of the martial arts of Meihuaquan and Taijiquan. He was also known as Liu Jinchen, or Liu Chin-ch'en (Wade-Giles).
"Beijing" is the atonal pinyin romanization of the Mandarin pronunciation of the Chinese characters 北京, the Chinese name of the capital of China.
Li Baojia, courtesy name (zi) Li Boyuan, art name nickname (hao) Nanting tingzhang was a Qing Dynasty-era Chinese author. He was a writer, essayist, ballad author, poet, calligrapher, and seal carver. He edited a fiction periodical and several tabloids.
Ding Baozhen (1820–1886), courtesy name Weihuang (稚璜), was a Chinese official who lived in the late Qing dynasty and served as the governor of Sichuan Province.
Kung Pao chicken, also transcribed Gong Bao or Kung Po, is a spicy, stir-fried Chinese dish made with cubes of chicken, peanuts, vegetables, and chili peppers. The classic dish in Sichuan cuisine originated in the Sichuan Province of south-western China and includes Sichuan peppercorns. Although the dish is found throughout China, there are regional variations that are typically less spicy than the Sichuan serving. Kung Pao chicken is also a staple of Westernized Chinese cuisine.
Chen Tianbao was a powerful Chinese pirate operating from Guangdong and throughout the South China Sea in the late 1700s. Later he became a general of Tay Son dynasty of Vietnam.