Jamestown, North Dakota

Last updated
Jamestown, North Dakota
Nickname(s): 
Pride of the Prairie
ND Stutsman County Jamestown.svg
Location of Jamestown, North Dakota
Coordinates: 46°54′20″N98°42′11″W / 46.90556°N 98.70306°W / 46.90556; -98.70306 Coordinates: 46°54′20″N98°42′11″W / 46.90556°N 98.70306°W / 46.90556; -98.70306
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Stutsman
Founded1872
Government
  Type Council–manager government
  MayorDwaine Heinrich
Area
[1]
  Total13.34 sq mi (34.56 km2)
  Land13.28 sq mi (34.40 km2)
  Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation
1,407 ft (429 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total501,236
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
15,084
  Density1,135.59/sq mi (438.45/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
58401, 58402, 58405
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-40580
GNIS feature ID1029648 [4]
Highways I-94, I-94 Bus., US 52, US 52 Truck, US 281, US 281 Byp., ND 20
Website JamestownND.gov

Jamestown is a city in Stutsman County, North Dakota, United States. It is the county seat of Stutsman County. [5] The population was 15,427 at the 2010 census, [6] making it the ninth largest city in North Dakota. Jamestown was founded in 1872.

Contents

History

In 1871, a Northern Pacific Railroad work crew set up camp where the railroad would cross the James River, adding another section to the new northern transcontinental line. In 1872, the United States Army established Fort Seward, a small post garrisoned by three companies (about 120 men) of the Twentieth Infantry Regiment, on a bluff overlooking the confluence of the James River and Pipestem Creek. The fort guarded the crossing of the James by the Northern Pacific Railroad. The fort only lasted five years, being decommissioned in 1877 - but the railroad remained, establishing a repair yard that was among the city's main industries until the 1960s.

Jamestown was founded in 1872 and General Thomas Rosser of Northern Pacific named it after Jamestown, Virginia. The city incorporated in 1883. In 1873, Stutsman County became the first official county within Dakota Territory with Jamestown as the county seat. [7]

On November 10, 1889, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jamestown was established. April 6, 1897 saw a change of name to Diocese of Fargo, with a change of the bishop's seat. Since 1995, the Diocese of Jamestown is listed as a titular see of the Catholic Church. [8] [9]

Geography

The James River, a Missouri River tributary, in Jamestown James River ND.jpg
The James River, a Missouri River tributary, in Jamestown

Jamestown is located at 46°54′20″N98°42′11″W / 46.90556°N 98.70306°W / 46.90556; -98.70306 (46.905641, -98.702994) [10] at the confluence of the James River and Pipestem Creek. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.87 square miles (33.33 km2), of which 12.83 square miles (33.23 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. [11]

Climate

Jamestown has a typical northern prairie American climate. Summers can be warm and quite humid, but the winters are extremely cold with snowfall

as early as October. In the Köppen classification it is Dfb (humid continental climate), although warmer in the summer and less humid than New England. [12] 
Climate data for Jamestown, North Dakota (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)53.1
(11.7)
64.0
(17.8)
80.1
(26.7)
93.9
(34.4)
95.0
(35.0)
98.1
(36.7)
104.0
(40.0)
106.0
(41.1)
102.0
(38.9)
91.0
(32.8)
71.1
(21.7)
61.0
(16.1)
106.0
(41.1)
Average high °F (°C)19.2
(−7.1)
24.9
(−3.9)
37.0
(2.8)
55.5
(13.1)
68.6
(20.3)
77.2
(25.1)
82.9
(28.3)
81.9
(27.7)
70.8
(21.6)
56.0
(13.3)
37.1
(2.8)
22.9
(−5.1)
52.8
(11.6)
Average low °F (°C)1.2
(−17.1)
6.7
(−14.1)
18.9
(−7.3)
31.4
(−0.3)
43.6
(6.4)
53.6
(12.0)
58.5
(14.7)
56.2
(13.4)
46.0
(7.8)
33.8
(1.0)
19.4
(−7.0)
6.4
(−14.2)
31.3
(−0.4)
Record low °F (°C)−36.0
(−37.8)
−32.1
(−35.6)
−29.0
(−33.9)
−6.0
(−21.1)
12.0
(−11.1)
30.0
(−1.1)
35.1
(1.7)
35.1
(1.7)
18.0
(−7.8)
6.1
(−14.4)
−20.9
(−29.4)
−29.9
(−34.4)
−36.0
(−37.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.51
(13)
0.44
(11)
0.89
(23)
1.13
(29)
2.75
(70)
3.46
(88)
3.31
(84)
2.10
(53)
2.26
(57)
1.69
(43)
0.64
(16)
0.44
(11)
19.62
(498)
Average snowfall inches (cm)9.7
(25)
6.6
(17)
7.1
(18)
2.1
(5.3)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
6.7
(17)
6.9
(18)
39.9
(101)
Average rainy days21235654321142
Source: NOAA, [13] WeatherBase (rain days) [14] and Climatebase.ru (extremes) [15]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 393
1890 2,296484.2%
1900 2,85324.3%
1910 4,35852.8%
1920 6,62752.1%
1930 8,18723.5%
1940 8,7907.4%
1950 10,69721.7%
1960 15,16341.8%
1970 15,3851.5%
1980 16,2805.8%
1990 15,571−4.4%
2000 15,527−0.3%
2010 15,427−0.6%
2019 (est.)15,084 [3] −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [16]
2018 Estimate [17]

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 15,427 people, 6,567 households, and 3,555 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,202.4 inhabitants per square mile (464.2/km2). There were 6,983 housing units at an average density of 544.3 per square mile (210.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.8% African American, 1.8% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 6,567 households, of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.9% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 39.9 years. 19.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

In October, 2016 the North Dakota Housing Finance Agency projected that Jamestown would lose 2.1% of its population by the next census. It also reported that it projected a 4% population drop in the nine counties surrounding Jamestown and is considered Jamestowns primary trade area. [18]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,527 people, 6,505 households, and 3,798 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,246.7 per square mile (481.5/km2). There were 6,970 housing units at an average density of 559.6 per square mile (216.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.84% White, 0.36% African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population.

The top 6 ancestry groups in the city are German (54.0%), Norwegian (22.4%), Irish (9.0%), English (6.6%), Swedish (4.1%), Russian (3.8%). Many area families cite their heritage as "Germans from Russia", in reference to ethnic Germans who settled in the Russian Empire in the 18th century, many of whose descendants emigrated to the United States in the late 19th century.

There were 6,505 households, out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.85.

The age distribution is 21.7% under the age of 18, 12.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,500, and the median income for a family was $42,245. Males had a median income of $28,310 versus $20,225 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,686. About 6.5% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Jamestown has a strong precision manufacturing base as well as food processing, agriculture, retail and wholesale businesses. Notable companies headquartered in Jamestown include Sunward Steel/Wedgcor Steel Buildings, ACI (Agri-Cover, Inc.), Dura Tech Industries, and Midwestern Machine, and additional major employers include Cavendish Farms and UTC Aerospace Systems. Service facilities for trucking and heavy equipment repair are also located in Jamestown.

The Jamestown Stutsman Development Corporation JSDC (Jamestown/Stutsman Development Corporation) supports joint business and industrial development within the city and Stutsman County, North Dakota. Four designated industrial parks Industrial Parks | Jamestown/Stutsman Development Corporation, North Dakota adjoin the city or are part of joint city/county development efforts: Bloom Business Park, I-94 Business Park, Spiritwood Energy Park (which includes Great River Energy and Cargill), and the Airport Business Park.

Attractions

The World's Largest Buffalo statue in Jamestown Buffalo statue jamestown north dakota.jpg
The World's Largest Buffalo statue in Jamestown

Jamestown Reservoir, a series of three, interlocking, 12-mile-long artificial lakes formed by Jamestown Dam, a flood control a dam on the James River at the north end of the city, is home to watersports and recreational fishing. Jamestown is home to two 18-hole golf courses—Hillcrest Golf Course and Jamestown Country Club—as well as the Jamestown Civic Center, which hosts concerts, University of Jamestown basketball games, other large events, and the North Dakota Sports Hall of Fame; other sporting facilities include Jack Brown Stadium, one of North Dakota's historic baseball parks. Jamestown is also home to two disc golf courses, an 18-hole recreational course in Klaus Park, and a 27-hole championship course on the island and surrounding land in the Jamestown Reservoir. The Island Course was the site of the 8th Annual North Dakota Disc Golf Championships in 2007.

The city of Jamestown is also home to The Jamestown Arts Center [19] (The Arts Center - Jamestown, North Dakota), located in the heart of downtown. The Arts Center is home to a year-round exhibition gallery, community theater stage, a venue for visual arts performances, art workshops and classes, ceramics studio and a beautiful green space known as The Art Park. Jamestown also features the World's Largest Buffalo, a 26-ft tall sculpture of an American bison, and the National Buffalo Museum. [20]

Transportation

Jamestown Regional Airport serves the city providing scheduled flights to all four major North Dakotan metropolitan areas, as well as chartered flights out of state.

Major Highways

Education

K-12

Jamestown is served by the Jamestown Public Schools. The system operates five elementary schools, one middle school, [21] one high school, [22] and one alternative high school. Louis L'Amour Elementary School is named for the popular western writer Louis L'Amour who was born in Jamestown. There are also two private elementary schools in Jamestown; Saint John's Academy, [23] a K-6 Catholic school, and Hillcrest School, a Seventh-day Adventist school.

Higher education

The Unruh and Sheldon Center on the campus of University of Jamestown UnruhSheldon.jpg
The Unruh and Sheldon Center on the campus of University of Jamestown

University of Jamestown is a private liberal arts college founded by the Presbyterian Church and located on the north side of town. Its current enrollment is approximately 1000 students. Ranked by U.S. News & World Report in the top tier of regional undergraduate institutions, [24] it is also notable among religious colleges for having been a co-educational institution from its founding in 1883. Its first fall term was opened at 9 a.m. on Tuesday, Sept. 29, 1886. After financial hardships, affecting the entire county, Jamestown College had to close its doors in the spring of 1890. On Sept. 22, 1909 Jamestown College reopened after a population growth in the State due to improved farming methods. With no higher education available between Fargo, ND (100 miles East) and Missoula, MT (700 miles West), Jamestown College became a successful school. [25]

Special education

On the northwest side of the city and almost adjacent to the site of historic Fort Seward is The Anne Carlsen Center (formerly known as the "Crippled Children's School"). A privately funded residential school, it has long been one of the country's leading centers for treatment and education of severely handicapped children. Because of the school's locale, Jamestown became the first city in America to require wheelchair cutouts in newly constructed sidewalk curbs.[ citation needed ]

Media

Print

The local daily paper is the Jamestown Sun .

Television

Over the air

Channel Digital
Channel
Call signAffiliationOwnerCityNotes
2 K02DD ABC Forum Communications Jamestown(rebroadcasts WDAY Fargo)
7 (RF 7) KJRR Fox Red River Broadcasting Jamestown(rebroadcasts KVRR Fargo)
19 (RF 20) KJRE PBS Prairie Public Broadcasting Ellendale

Radio

AM Radio

AM radio stations
FrequencyCall signNameFormatOwnerCity
600 AM KSJB -- Classic country Chesterman CommunicationsJamestown
1400 AM KQDJ Dakota Country Radio Full service Ingstad Family MediaJamestown

FM Radio

FM radio stations
FrequencyCall signNameFormatOwnerTarget city/market City of license
88.1 FMKJKRJimmie Knight Radio Campus radio University of Jamestown JamestownJamestown
89.1 FMK214BX-- Christian
K-Love (WAFR) translator
K-Love JamestownJamestown
89.9 FMK214BX-- Christian
AFR (WAFR) translator
American Family Association JamestownJamestown
91.5 FMKPRJ-- Prairie Public/NPR
News/classical music
Prairie Public Broadcasting JamestownJamestown
93.3 FM KSJZ Mix 93.3 Hot Adult Contemporary Chesterman CommunicationsJamestownJamestown
95.5 FM KYNU Big Dog Country Country Ingstad Family MediaJamestown/Valley CityJamestown
97.1 FM K246AM Dakota Country Radio Full service
KQDJ-AM translator
Ingstad Family MediaJamestownJamestown
98.3 FM KXGT Ted FM Classic Hits Ingstad Family MediaJamestownCarrington
101.1 FM KQDJ Q101 Top 40 (CHR) Ingstad Family MediaJamestown/Valley CityValley City
103.1 FM KRVX 103.1 The Raven Rock Ingstad Family MediaJamestown/Valley CityWimbledon

Notable people

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