List of National Treasures of Japan (paintings)

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The Genji Monogatari Emaki, an illustrated scroll from The Tale of Genji, 12th century Genji emaki azumaya.jpg
The Genji Monogatari Emaki, an illustrated scroll from The Tale of Genji , 12th century

The term "National Treasure" has been used in Japan to denote cultural properties since 1897. [1] The definition and the criteria have changed since the inception of the term. These paintings adhere to the current definition, and were designated national treasures when the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties was implemented on June 9, 1951. As such, they are restricted in transfer and may not be exported. [2] Owners are required to announce any changes to the National Treasures such as damage or loss and need to obtain a permit for changes in location, transfer of ownership or intended repairs. [3] The items are selected by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology based on their "especially high historical or artistic value". [4] [5] This list contains 162 paintings from 7th-century Asuka period to the early modern 19th-century Edo period. In fact the number of paintings presented is more than 162, because in some cases groups of related paintings are combined to form a single entry. The paintings listed show Buddhist themes, landscapes, portraits and court scenes. Some of the paintings were imported directly from China. The titles of the works are descriptive rather than the artists' titles; therefore it is possible to find alternate names in the literature for a given work. [5]

Contents

Beginning in the mid-6th century, as Buddhism was brought to Japan from Baekje, religious art was introduced from the mainland. The earliest religious paintings in Japan were copied using mainland styles and techniques, and are similar to the art of the Chinese Sui dynasty (581–618) or the late Sixteen Kingdoms around the early 5th century. They comprise the oldest extant non-primitive paintings in Japan. By the mid-Nara period (ca. 750) Japanese paintings showed influences of the Chinese Tang dynasty (618–907) and in the 9th century early Heian period evolved into the Kara-e genre. Wall murals in the Takamatsuzuka Tomb, the Kitora Tomb and the Portrait of Kichijōten at Yakushi-ji exemplify the Kara-e style. Generally, Nara period paintings show religious subjects, and the artists are unknown. During that period, sculptures rather than paintings were more prevalent. [6]

Mandalas became predominant in the paintings of the early Heian period as esoteric Buddhism emerged with the Shingon and Tendai sects in the 8th and 9th centuries. The evolution of Pure Land Buddhism caused raigō-zu to be developed as a genre, characterised by depictions of the Amida welcoming the souls of the faithful to his Western Paradise as seen in a 1053 painting in the Phoenix-Hall of Byōdō-in. [7] By the mid-Heian period, Chinese style kara-e painting was replaced with the classical Japanese yamato-e style, in which the images were painted primarily on sliding screens and byōbu folding screens. [8] At the close of the Heian period around 1185, the practice of adorning emakimono hand scrolls with yamato-e paintings flourished. Examples of illustrated hand scrolls include novels such as Genji Monogatari Emaki , historical writings like The Tale of Great Minister Ban , or religious works such as the Scroll of Hungry Ghosts . [9] These genres continued to be produced into the Kamakura period from 1185 to 1333. As during the Nara period, sculpture remained the preferred art form of the period.

Influenced by the Chinese Song and Yuan dynasties, Japanese monochrome ink painting called suibokuga largely replaced polychrome scroll paintings. By the end of the 14th century, monochrome landscape paintings (sansuiga) became the preferred genre for Zen painters, evolving to a unique Japanese style from the Chinese origin. Shūbun, who created Reading in a Bamboo Grove (1446), and his student Sesshū, author of Landscape of the Four Seasons, are the most well known priest-painters of the period. As with most of the early Japanese paintings, these works were created for Buddhist temples. At the end of the Muromachi period around 1573, ink painting had migrated out of the Zen monasteries, and was practised by artists from the Kanō school. [10]

In contrast to the previous period, the paintings of the Momoyama period (1573–1615) were characterised by a grandiose polychrome style with extensive use of gold and silver foil. Large scale paintings were commissioned to adorn the castles and palaces of the military rulers. The Kanō school, patronized by the ruling class, was the most influential school of the period and, with 300 years of dominance, endured for the longest period in the history of Japanese painting. [11] [12] The trends of large polychrome paintings continued into the Edo period (1603–1868). The Rinpa school, best represented by Tawaraya Sōtatsu and Ogata Kōrin, used vibrant colors to depict classical themes from Japanese literature and Heian period poetry. [13] In the 18th century, paintings of Yuan dynasty scholar-amateur painters were brought to Japan and imitated, giving rise to the Nanga or Bunjinga style of painting. Two of the most prominent painters of this school were Ike no Taiga and Yosa Buson. [14]

Statistics

The 162 entries in the list consist of the following: 91 are hanging scrolls; 38 are hand scrolls or emakimono; 23 are byōbu folding screens or paintings on fusuma sliding doors; five are murals; and three are albums. Two items, the portrait of Kichijōten and Illustrated Biography of Prince Shōtoku do not fall in any of these categories. The paintings are located in museums, Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines, private collections, a university and two are located in tombs (Takamatsuzuka Tomb and Kitora Tomb). A large proportion of items are housed in the national museums of Tokyo, Kyoto and Nara. The city containing the greatest number of National Treasure paintings is Kyoto with 51, followed by Tokyo with 47 of which 28 are located in the Tokyo National Museum which is the structure housing the most painting National Treasures.

Prefecture CityNational Treasures
Aichi Nagoya 1
Tokoname 1
Fukuoka Dazaifu 1
Kurume 1
Hiroshima Hatsukaichi 1
Onomichi 1
Hyōgo Kasai 1
Kobe 1
Iwate Hiraizumi 1
Kanagawa Fujisawa 1
Kamakura 4
Yokohama 1
Kyoto Kyoto 51
Uji 1
Maizuru 1
Nara Asuka 2
Heguri 1
Nara 15
Uda 1
Okayama Kurashiki 2
Osaka Kawachinagano 1
Osaka 5
Shimamoto 1
Shiga Hikone 1
Ōtsu 3
Shizuoka Atami 1
Tokyo Tokyo 47
Tottori Chizu 1
Wakayama Kinokawa 1
Mount Kōya 8
Yamagata Yonezawa 1
Yamaguchi Hōfu 1
Yamanashi Kōshū 1
Minobu 1
Map showing the location of painting National Treasures in Japan National Treasures of Japan (paintings).png
Map showing the location of painting National Treasures in Japan
PeriodNational Treasures
Tang dynasty 1 [nb 1]
Asuka period 1
Nara period 5
Heian period 52 [nb 1]
Northern Song 3
Southern Song 17
Kamakura period 41 [nb 1]
Nanboku-chō period 3
Yuan dynasty 6
Muromachi period 15
Momoyama period 6
Edo period 16
  1. 1 2 3 Several entries in the list date to multiple periods: The Portraits of Seven Shingon Patriarchs (Tang dynasty and Heian period), The Five Abhisambodhi (Tang dynasty and Heian period), Scrolls of Frolicking Animals and Humans (Heian and Kamakura period), The Coming of Amida Buddha and Saints of the Pure Land (Heian and Kamakura period). All of these are counted double in this table. For instance, the National Treasure "Portraits of Seven Shingon Patriarchs" appears twice in this table: under "Tang dynasty" and under "Heian period".

Usage

An overview of what is included in the table and the manner of sorting is as follows: the columns (with the exceptions of Remarks and Pictures) are sortable by pressing the arrows symbols.

Treasures

NameAuthorRemarksDateFormatPresent locationImage
Buddhist Paradise with Golden Pagoda (紺紙著色金光明最勝王経金字宝塔曼荼羅図, konshichakushoku konkōmyō saishō ōkyō kinji hōtō mandarazu) [15] [16]
Heian period Ten hanging scrolls (mandalas), gold paint on indigo blue paper, 139.7 cm × 54.8 cm (55.0 in × 21.6 in) Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi, Iwate Buddhist Paradise with Golden Pagoda.jpg
Scenes in and around the capital (紙本金地著色洛中洛外図, shihonkinji chakushoku rakuchū rakugaizu) [17] Kanō Eitoku
Momoyama period, not later than 1574One pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 160.5 cm × 364.5 cm (63.2 in × 143.5 in) Yonezawa City Uesugi Museum, Yonezawa, Yamagata Luo Zhong Luo Wai Tu Zuo .jpg

Luo Zhong Luo Wai Tu You .jpg

Illustrated Biography of Prince Shōtoku (綾本著色聖徳太子絵伝, kenpon chakushoku shōtoku taishi eden) [18] Hata no Chitei (秦致貞)Originally on fixed doors at Hōryū-ji, later during the Edo period on freestanding screens and in recent times remounted on panels Heian period, 1069Ten panels (five pairs), color on figured silk, 189.2–190.5 cm x 137.2–148.2 cm (74.5–75 in x 54–58.3 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Illustrated Biography of Prince Shotoku 2.jpg
Portrait of Takami Senseki (絹本淡彩鷹見泉石像, kenpon tansai Takami Senseki zō) [19] Watanabe Kazan
Edo period, 1837 Hanging scroll, light color on silk, 115.1 cm × 57.1 cm (45.3 in × 22.5 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo A portrait of Takami Senseki by Watanabe Kazan.jpg
Illustrated Biography of the Priest Ippen : Volume 7 (絹本著色一遍上人絵伝, kenpon chakushoku ippen shōnin eden) [20] [21] En'i (円伊)Also known as Ippen Hijiri-e (一遍聖絵) Kamakura period, 1299 Hand scroll (emakimono), color on silk, 37.8 cm × 802.0 cm (14.9 in × 315.7 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Ippen Biography 3.jpg
Kokūzō Bosatsu ( Ākāśagarbha ) (絹本著色虚空蔵菩薩像, kenpon chakushoku kokūzō bosatsuzō) [22]
Formerly owned by Mitsui Gomei Co. Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 132.0 cm × 84.4 cm (52.0 in × 33.2 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Kokuzo Bosatsu.jpg
Kujaku Myoo ( Mahamayuri ) (絹本著色孔雀明王像, kenpon chakushoku kujaku myōōzō) [23]
Formerly owned by the Hara family. Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 147.9 cm × 98.9 cm (58.2 in × 38.9 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Kujaku Myoo.jpg
Red and white hibiscuses (絹本著色紅白芙蓉図, kenpon chakushoku kōhaku fuyōzu) [24] Li Di
Southern Song dynasty, 1197Set of two hanging scrolls, color on silk, each 25.2 cm × 25.5 cm (9.9 in × 10.0 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Red hibiscuses.jpg White hibiscuses.jpg
Sixteen Arhats (絹本著色十六羅漢像, kenpon chakushoku jūroku rakanzō) [25]
Formerly owned by the Shōjuraigō-ji temple. Heian period, 11th centurySet of 16 hanging scrolls, color on silk, 95.9–97.2 cm x 57.8–52.2 cm (37.8–38.3 cm x 22.8–20.6 cm) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Arhat 12m.JPG
Senju Kannon ( Sahasrabhuja ) (絹本著色千手観音像, kenpon chakushoku senjukannonzō) [26]
Formerly owned by the Kawasaki family. Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 138.0 cm × 69.4 cm (54.3 in × 27.3 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Senju Kannon full.jpg
Scenes in and around Kyoto (紙本金地著色洛中洛外図, shihonkinji chakushoku rakuchū rakugaizu) [27] [28] [29] Iwasa Katsumochi (Matabei)Known as Funaki version after the Funaki family in whose possession it was handed down Edo period, 17th centuryOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, each 162.2 cm × 341.8 cm (63.9 in × 134.6 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Scenes in and around Kyoto Funaki 1.jpg

Scenes in and around Kyoto Funaki 2.jpg

Pigeon on a peach branch (絹本著色桃鳩図, kenpon chakushoku momohatozu) [30] Emperor Huizong of Song
Northern Song dynasty, 1108 or 1109 Hanging scroll, color on silk, 28.5 cm × 26.1 cm (11.2 in × 10.3 in)private (Isao Setsu (瀬津勲), Gatōdō (雅陶堂)), Tokyo Momohatozu Huizong.JPG
Nachi Falls (絹本著色那智滝図, kenpon chakushoku nachi no taki zu) [31]
Kamakura period, 13th–14th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 160.7 cm × 58.8 cm (63.3 in × 23.1 in) Nezu Art Museum, Tokyo Nachi Falls.jpg
Fugen Bosatsu ( Samantabhadra ) (絹本著色普賢菩薩像, kenpon chakushoku fugenbosatsuzō) [32]
Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 159.1 cm × 74.5 cm (62.6 in × 29.3 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Fugen Bosatsu.jpg
Apple Blossoms (絹本著色林檎花図, kenpon chakushoku ringo no hana zu) [33] [34] Attributed to Zhao Chang (趙昌, Chō Shō)
Southern Song dynasty Hanging scroll, color on silk, 23.6 cm × 25.5 cm (9.3 in × 10.0 in) Hatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine Art, Tokyo Apple Blossoms.jpg
Quail (絹本著色鶉図, kenpon chakushoku uzura zu) [35] [36] Attributed to Li An-Zhong Marked with the zakkeshitsu-in seal found on Chinese paintings imported to Japan by the Ashikaga Southern Song dynasty, 12th–13th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 24.4 cm × 27.8 cm (9.6 in × 10.9 in) Nezu Art Museum, Tokyo Quails.jpg
Sakyamuni descending the mountain after asceticism (絹本墨画淡彩出山釈迦図, kenpon bokuga tansai shussan shuka zu) (I)

Snowy Landscape (絹本墨画淡彩雪景山水図, kenpon bokuga tansai sekkei sansui zu) (II)

Snowy Landscape (絹本墨画淡彩雪景山水図, kenpon bokuga tansai sekkei sansui zu) purportedly by Liang Kai (III) [37] [38]
Liang Kai "III" was cut later to make the three paintings into a triad likely during the time of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. Passed down from the Ashikaga shogunate as part of the Higashiyama Treasure. Marked with the zakkeshitsu-in seal found on Chinese paintings imported to Japan by the Ashikaga. Originally designated as three distinct National Treasures, they came to be designated as a single National Treasure in 2007. Southern Song dynasty, 13th centuryThree hanging scrolls, ink and light color on silk, 110.3 cm × 49.7 cm (43.4 in × 19.6 in) (I), 110.8 cm × 50.1 cm (43.6 in × 19.7 in) (II), 117.6 cm × 52.0 cm (46.3 in × 20.5 in) (III) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Snowy Scenery.jpg
Wind and Rain, landscape painting (絹本墨画淡彩風雨山水図, kenpon bokuga tansai fuu sansui zu) [39] Attributed to Ma Yuan
Southern Song dynasty, 13th century Hanging scroll, ink on silk, 111.0 cm × 55.8 cm (43.7 in × 22.0 in) Seikadō Bunko Art Museum, Tokyo Wind and Rain.jpg
Irises screen (紙本金地著色燕子花図, shihonkinji chakushoku kakitsubata zu) [40] [41] Ogata Kōrin Formerly held by the Nishi Honganji, Kyoto. Edo period, c. 1705One pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, each 150.9 cm × 338.8 cm (59.4 in × 133.4 in) Nezu Art Museum, Tokyo KORIN-Irises-L.jpg

KORIN-Irises-R.jpg

Painting of the chapters Sekiya and Miotsukushi from The Tale of Genji (紙本金地著色源氏物語関屋及澪標図, shihonkinji chakushoku genji monogatari sekiya oyobi miotsukushi zu) [42] Tawaraya Sōtatsu
Edo period One pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, each 152.3 cm × 355.6 cm (60.0 in × 140.0 in) Seikadō Bunko Art Museum, Tokyo Tale of Genji, Sekiya and Miotsukushi chapters I.jpg

Tale of Genji, Sekiya and Miotsukushi chapters II.jpg

Painting of a Cypress (紙本金地著色桧図, shihonkinji chakushoku hinoki zu) [43] [44] Kanō Eitoku
Momoyama period Eight-section folding screen (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 170.0 cm × 461.0 cm (66.9 in × 181.5 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Kano Eitoku - Cypress Trees.jpg
Chinese landscape (紙本金地著色楼閣山水図, shihonkinji chakushoku rōkakusan suizu) [45] Ike no Taiga
Edo period, 18th centuryOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 168.0 cm × 372.0 cm (66.1 in × 146.5 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Roukaku Sansui Zu.jpg

Chinese landscape screen.jpg

Imperial Guard Cavalry (紙本淡彩随身庭騎絵巻, shihontansai zuishin teiki emaki) [46] [47] attributed to Fujiwara Nobuzane
Kamakura period, 1247 Hand scroll (emakimono), light color on paper, 28.7 cm × 237.5 cm (11.3 in × 93.5 in) Okura Museum of Art, Tokyo Zuishin Teiki handscroll.jpg
Pine trees in snow (紙本淡彩雪松図, shihontansai yukimatsuzu) [44] Maruyama Ōkyo
Edo period, 1773One pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), light color on paper, 155.5 cm × 362.0 cm (61.2 in × 142.5 in) Mitsui Memorial Museum, Tokyo Okyo Pine Trees.jpg
Family enjoying the evening cool (紙本淡彩納涼図, shihontansai nōryōzu) [48] Kusumi Morikage
Edo period, 17th centuryA two-section folding screen (byōbu), light color on paper, 149.7 cm × 166.2 cm (58.9 in × 65.4 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Family enjoying the evening cool.jpg
Merry-making under aronia blossoms (紙本著色花下遊楽図, shihon chakushoku kaka yūraku) [49] Kanō Naganobu The two middle sections of the right screen were destroyed by fire in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake. Momoyama period, 17th centuryOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), color on paper, 148.8 cm × 357.7 cm (58.6 in × 140.8 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Aronia Blossoms Screen 1 post-damage.jpg

Aronia Blossoms Screen 2.jpg

Scroll of hungry ghosts (紙本著色餓鬼草紙, shihon chakushoku gakisōshi) [50]
Heian period, 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.9 cm × 380.2 cm (10.6 in × 149.7 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Gaki-Zoushi.jpg
Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect (紙本著色絵因果経, shihon chakushoku eingakyō) [51]
Nara period, second half of 8th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.5 cm × 1,100.5 cm (10.4 in × 433.3 in) Tokyo University of the Arts, Tokyo E innga kyo.jpg
Maple viewers (紙本著色観楓図, shihon chakushoku kanpūzu) [52] Kanō Hideyori
Muromachi period, 16th centuryA six-section folding screen (byōbu), color on paper, 150.2 cm × 365.5 cm (59.1 in × 143.9 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Maple viewers.jpg
Genji Monogatari Emaki (紙本著色源氏物語絵巻, shihon chakushoku genji monogatari emaki) or The Tale of Genji Scroll [53] [54]
Oldest surviving monogatari scroll and oldest non-Buddhist scroll covering chapters 38 (The Bell Cricket (鈴虫, suzumushi)), 39 (Evening Mist (夕霧, yūgiri)) and 40 (Rites (御法, minori)) of the novel. Heian period, early 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono) cut into four illustrations and nine pages of text, color on paper, 21.8 cm x (23.4–48.3) cm (8.6 in x (9.2–19) in) Gotoh Museum, Tokyo Genji emaki 01003 006.jpg

Genji emaki 01003 009.jpg

Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emaki (紙本著色紫式部日記絵巻, shihon chakushoku Murasaki Shikibu nikki emaki) [53] [54] attributed to Fujiwara Nobuzane (illustrations) and Kujō Yoshitsune (calligraphy)
Kamakura period, 13th century Hand scroll (emakimono) cut into three illustrations and three pages of text, color on paper, 21.0 cm x (46.4–51.9) cm (8.3 in x (18.3–20.4) in) Gotoh Museum, Tokyo Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emakimono (Gotoh Museum) 6.jpg
Fan-paper album of Hokekyō Sutra (紙本著色扇面法華経冊子, shihon chakushoku senmen hokekyō sasshi) volume 8 [55]
Heian period, 12th centuryFan paper in folding book form, 22 pages, color on paper, length 25.5 cm, length of upper chord 26.2 cm Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Fan-paper album 12.jpg
Scroll of the Hells (紙本著色地獄草紙, shihon chakushoku jigoku sōshi) [56]
Kamakura period, late 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.9 cm × 249.3 cm (10.6 in × 98.1 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Jigoku-Zoushi.jpg
The Tale of Great Minister Ban (紙本著色伴大納言絵詞, shihon chakushoku ban dainagon ekotoba) Tokiwa Mitsunaga of the Tosa school
Kamakura period, late 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 30.4 cm × 828.1 cm (12.0 in × 326.0 in) Idemitsu Museum of Arts, Tokyo Ban dainagon ekotoba.jpg
Heiji Monogatari Emaki (illustrated stories about the Heiji Civil War ) (紙本著色平治物語絵詞, shihon chakushoku heiji monogatari ekotoba) or 平治物語絵巻 (heiji monogatari emaki), Vol. of the Removal of Imperial Family to Rokuhara (六波羅行幸巻, rokuhara gyōkō no maki) [57] attributed to Sumiyoshi Keion
Kamakura period, 13th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 42.2 cm × 952.9 cm (16.6 in × 375.2 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Heiji rokuhara gyoukou.jpg
Evening bell from mist-shrouded temple (紙本墨画煙寺晩鐘図, shihon bokuga enji banshōzu) [58] attributed to Muqi Fachang The scene depicted is one of the Eight Views of Xiaoxiang. Southern Song dynasty Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 32.3 cm × 103.6 cm (12.7 in × 40.8 in) Hatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine Art, Tokyo Evening bell from mist-shrouded temple.jpg
Portrait of Kanzan ( Hanshan ) (紙本墨画寒山図, shihon bokuga kanzanzu) [59] Kaō Ninga
Nanboku-chō period, 14th century Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 85.8 cm × 32.5 cm (33.8 in × 12.8 in)private collection, Tokyo Portrait of Kanzan-no text-.jpg
Fishing village in the evening glow (紙本墨画漁村夕照図, shihon bokuga gyoson sekishōzu) [60] attributed to Muqi Fachang The scene depicted is one of the Eight Views of Xiaoxiang. Southern Song dynasty, 13th century Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 33.0 cm × 112.6 cm (13.0 in × 44.3 in) Nezu Art Museum, Tokyo Fishing village in the evening glow.jpg
Landscape (紙本墨画山水図, shihon bokuga sansuizu) or Landscape with ink broken (破墨山水図, haboku sansuizu ) [61] [62] Sesshū Tōyō With inscriptions by the artist and six poet-monks from Gozan Zen temples in Kyoto Muromachi period, 1495 Hanging scroll, splashed ink (hatsuboku) on paper, 148.6 cm × 32.7 cm (58.5 in × 12.9 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Sesshu - Haboku-Sansui.jpg
Landscapes of autumn and winter (紙本墨画秋冬山水図, shihon bokuga shūtō sansuizu) [63] Sesshū Tōyō
Muromachi period, 15th centuryTwo hanging scrolls, ink on paper, 47.8 cm × 30.2 cm (18.8 in × 11.9 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo SesshuToyo.jpg

SesshuShuutouTou.jpg

Pine Trees (紙本墨画松林図, shihon bokuga shōrinzu) [64] also known as the Pine Trees screen ( Shōrin-zu byōbu , 松林図 屏風) Hasegawa Tōhaku
Momoyama period, 16th centuryOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink on paper, each 156.8 cm × 356.0 cm (61.7 in × 140.2 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Hasegawa Tohaku - Pine Trees (Shorin-zu byobu) - left hand screen.jpg

Pine Trees.jpg

Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡, shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan): Hanshan and Shide (寒山拾得図, kanzan jittokuzu) [65] [66] Indara (因陀羅) (Yintuoluo) with inscriptions by Chushi Fanqi
Yuan dynasty, 14th century Hand scroll, ink on paper, 35.0 cm × 49.5 cm (13.8 in × 19.5 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Hanshan and Shide.jpg
Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡, shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan): Tanka burning Buddhist statues (丹霞焼仏図, tanka shōbutsuzu) [67] Indara (因陀羅) (Yintuoluo)
Yuan dynasty, 14th century Hand scroll, ink on paper, 35.0 cm × 36.8 cm (13.8 in × 14.5 in) Ishibashi Museum of Art, Kurume, Fukuoka Tanka burning Buddhist statues.jpg
Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡, shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan): Priest Zhichang and courtier Libo (智常・李渤図, chijō ribotsuzu) [68] Indara (因陀羅) (Yintuoluo)
Yuan dynasty, 14th century Hand scroll, ink on paper, 35.3 cm × 45.1 cm (13.9 in × 17.8 in) Hatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine Art, Tokyo Priest Zhichang and courtier Libo.jpg
Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡, shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan): Priest Zhichang (智常禅師図, chijō zenjizu) [68] [69] Indara (因陀羅) (Yintuoluo)
Yuan dynasty, 14th century Hand scroll, ink on paper, 35.3 cm × 48.3 cm (13.9 in × 19.0 in) Seikadō Bunko Art Museum, Tokyo Zhichang.jpg
Detached segment of the Deeds of the Zen Masters (紙本墨画禅機図断簡, shihon bokuga zenkizu dankan): Budai ( Hotei ) (布袋図, hoteizu) [68] [70] Indara (因陀羅) (Yintuoluo)
Yuan dynasty, 14th century Hand scroll, ink on paper, 35.6 cm × 48.5 cm (14.0 in × 19.1 in) Nezu Art Museum, Tokyo Deeds of the Zen Masters Hotei.jpg
Zhou Maoshu Appreciating Lotuses (紙本墨画淡彩周茂叔愛蓮図, shihon bokuga tansai shū moshuku airenzu) [71] [72] Kanō Masanobu
Muromachi period, 15th century Hanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 84.5 cm × 33.0 cm (33.3 in × 13.0 in) Kyushu National Museum, Dazaifu, Fukuoka Zhou Maoshu Appreciating Lotuses.jpg
Reading in a Bamboo Grove (紙本墨画淡彩竹斎読書図, shihon bokuga tansai chikusaidokushozu) [73] [74] attributed to Tenshō Shūbun, inscription by Jikuun Tōren and other priests
Muromachi period, 1446 Hanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 136.7 cm × 33.7 cm (53.8 in × 13.3 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Shubun - Reading in a Bamboo Grove detail.jpg
The Sixth Patriarch Huineng carrying a rod across his shoulder (紙本墨画六祖挟担図, shihon bokuga rokuso kyōtanzu) [68] Zhiweng
Southern Song dynasty, 13th century Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 93.0 cm × 36.4 cm (36.6 in × 14.3 in) Daitōkyū Memorial Library (大東急記念文庫, daitōkyū kinen bunko) (Gotoh Museum), Tokyo Huineng with rod.jpg
Imaginary tour through Xiao-xiang (紙本墨画瀟湘臥遊図, shihon bokuga shōshōgayūzu) [75] Li (李氏)
Southern Song dynasty, 12th century Scroll, ink on paper, 30.3 cm × 400.4 cm (11.9 in × 157.6 in) Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo Imaginary tour through Xiao-xiang.jpg
Rishukyō sutra (白描絵料紙理趣経, hakubyōeryōshi rishukyō) [33] [76] [77]
Sutra scroll decorated with line under drawings. This work is the first volume of the four volume Konkōmyōkyō Sutra. Volume 3, a National Treasure, is also preserved complete while volumes 2 and 4 only exist in fragments. Kamakura period, 1193 Scroll, hakubyō-style (白描) on paper, 25.0 cm × 450.5 cm (9.8 in × 177.4 in) Daitōkyū Memorial Library (大東急記念文庫, daitōkyū kinen bunko) (Gotoh Museum), Tokyo Rishukyo sutra.jpg
Portrait of Lanxi Daolong (Rankei Dōryū) (絹本淡彩蘭溪道隆像, kenpon tansai rankei dōryūzō) [78] Inscription on the upper part of the scroll is by the subject of the portrait, Lanxi Daolong.
Kamakura period, 1271 Hanging scroll, light color on silk, 104.8 cm × 46.4 cm (41.3 in × 18.3 in) Kamakura Museum of National Treasures, Kamakura, Kanagawa. Owned by Kenchō-ji, Kamakura, Kanagawa Lanxi Daolong.jpg
Illustrated Biography of the Priest Ippen (絹本著色一遍上人絵伝, kenpon chakushoku ippen shōnin eden) [44] En'i (円伊)
Kamakura period, 1299 Hand scroll (emakimono), color on silk, twelve scrolls, 38.2 cm × 922.8 cm (15.0 in × 363.3 in) (#3), 38.2 cm × 1,094.8 cm (15.0 in × 431.0 in) (#5) Shōjōkō-ji, Fujisawa, Kanagawa Ippen01.jpg
Portraits of Kanezawa Sanetoki , Hōjō Akitoki , Kanezawa Sadaaki , Kanezawa Sadayuki (絹本著色北条実時像, 絹本著色北条顕時像, 絹本著色金沢貞顕像, 絹本著色金沢貞将像)
Four portraits of members of the Hōjō clan. Kamakura period Four hanging scrolls, color on silk, 74.0 cm × 53.1 cm (29.1 in × 20.9 in) Shōmyō-ji (称名寺), Yokohama, Kanagawa Hojo Sanetoki.jpg
Ten Advantages and Ten Pleasures of Country Life (紙本淡彩十便図, shihon tansai jubenzu) and shihon tansai jugizu (紙本淡彩十宣図) or Album of the Ten Expediencies and the Ten Merits [79] [80] [81] Ike no Taiga and Yosa Buson
Edo period, 1771Album composed of 10 paintings by Buson and 10 paintings by Taiga, light color on paper, 17.7 cm × 17.7 cm (7.0 in × 7.0 in)Kawabata Memorial Hall (川端康成記念会), Kamakura, Kanagawa The Chobenzu by Ike Taiga.jpg

Sengyo(Jugijo) by Yosa Buson.jpg

Taima Mandala engi (紙本著色当麻曼荼羅縁起, shihon chakushoku taima mandara engi) [82]
Kamakura period Two hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, 51.5 cm × 796.7 cm (20.3 in × 313.7 in) and 51.5 cm × 689.8 cm (20.3 in × 271.6 in) Kamakura Museum of National Treasures, Kamakura, Kanagawa. Owner: Kōmyō-ji, Kamakura, Kanagawa Taima Mandala part 1.jpg

Taima Mandala part 2.jpg

Snow Sifted Through Frozen Clouds (紙本墨画凍雪篩雲図, shihon bokuga tōunshisetsuzu) [79] [83] Uragami Gyokudō
Edo period, early 19th century Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 133.3 cm × 56.6 cm (52.5 in × 22.3 in)Kawabata Memorial Hall (川端康成記念会), Kamakura, Kanagawa Uragami GyokudoTohunshisetsuzu.jpg
Summer Mountain (絹本著色夏景山水図, kenpon chakushoku kakei sansui-zu) [68] attributed to Hu Zhifu
Southern Song dynasty, 13th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 118.5 cm × 52.7 cm (46.7 in × 20.7 in) Kuon-ji, Minobu, Yamanashi Summer Mountain.JPG
Daruma (絹本著色達磨図, kenpon chakushoku darumazu) [84] inscription by Lanxi Daolong (Rankei Dōryū)
Kamakura period, 1260s Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 123.3 cm × 61.2 cm (48.5 in × 24.1 in) Kogaku-ji, Kōshū, Yamanashi Daruma Kogakuji.jpg
Five Guardian Kings (絹本著色五大尊像, kenpon chakushoku godai sonzō) [85] [86]
Heian period, October 10, 1088 (Trailokavijaya), June 1, 1090 (Kuṇḍali)Five hanging scrolls, color on silk, 140.8 cm × 88 cm (55.4 in × 34.6 in) (Daiitoku) and 138 cm × 88 cm (54 in × 35 in) (Fudō Myōō, Gosanze, Gundari, Ucchusma) Nara National Museum, Nara, Nara. Owned by Kiburi-ji, Ōno, Gifu Daiitoku Kiburi-ji.jpg
Red and White Plum Blossoms (紙本金地著色紅白梅図, shihonkinjichakushoku kōhakubaizu) [87] Ogata Kōrin
Edo period, 18th centuryOne pair of two-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper, each 156.0 cm × 172.2 cm (61.4 in × 67.8 in) MOA Museum of Art, Atami, Shizuoka. Red and White Plum Blossoms.jpg
Genji Monogatari Emaki (紙本著色源氏物語絵巻, shihon chakushoku genji monogatari emaki) or The Tale of Genji Scroll
Heian period, early 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono) with 15 illustrations and 38 pages of text, color on paper Tokugawa Art Museum, Nagoya, Aichi Genji emaki YADORIGI 2.JPG

Genji emaki Kashiwagi.JPG

Huike Offering His Arm to Bodhidharma (紙本墨画淡彩慧可断臂図, shihon bokuga tansai eka danpizu) [88] Sesshū Tōyō
Muromachi period, 1496 Hanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 199.9 cm × 113.6 cm (78.7 in × 44.7 in) Sainen-ji (斉年寺), Tokoname, Aichi Bodhidharma.and.Huike-Sesshu.Toyo.jpg
Fudō Myōō ( Acala ) (絹本著色不動明王像, kenpon chakushoku fudō myōōzō) (Yellow Fudō (黄不動, kifudōson))
Heian period Hanging scroll, color on silk, 178.2 cm × 72.1 cm (70.2 in × 28.4 in) Mii-dera, Ōtsu, Shiga Miidera Yellow Fudo2.jpg
The six paths (絹本著色六道絵, kenpon chakushoku rokudōe) [89] [90]
Kamakura period, 13th century15 scrolls, color on silk, 155.6 cm × 68.8 cm (61.3 in × 27.1 in) Shōju Raigō-ji (聖衆来迎寺), Ōtsu, Shiga Avici hell.jpg
Genre scene (紙本金地著色風俗図, shihonkinji chakushoku fūzokuzu) or Hikone Screen (彦根屏風, hikone byōbu) [91]
Formerly held by the Ii family Edo period, first half of 17th centurySix-section folding screen (byōbu), color on paper with gold leaf background, 94.5 cm × 278.8 cm (37.2 in × 109.8 in) Hikone Castle Museum, Hikone, Shiga Hikone Screen.jpg
The Five Abhisambodhi (紙本墨画五部心観, shihonbokuga gobu shinkan) [92] [93] unknownBrought to Japan from China by Enchin. Heian period (incomplete scroll); late Tang dynasty, 9th century (complete scroll)Two hand scrolls with iconographic line drawings, one complete and one with part of the first half missing, ink on paper, 30.0 cm × 1,796 cm (11.8 in × 707.1 in) Mii-dera, Ōtsu, Shiga Five Abhisambodhi 1.jpg
Five Abhisambodhi 2.jpg
Raigo of Amida ( Amitābha ) and Twenty-five Attendants (絹本著色阿弥陀二十五菩薩来迎図, kenpon chakushoku nijūgo bosatsu raigōzu) (Rapid Descent) [94]
Kamakura period, 13th–14th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 145.1 cm × 154.5 cm (57.1 in × 60.8 in) Chion-in, Kyoto Rapid descent.jpg
Five Guardian Kings (絹本著色五大尊像, kenpon chakushoku godai sonzō)
Kamakura period Five hanging scrolls, color on silk, 193.9 cm × 126.2 cm (76.3 in × 49.7 in) Daigo-ji, Kyoto Fudo Myoo.jpg
Five Guardian Kings (絹本著色五大尊像, kenpon chakushoku godai sonzō)
Heian period Five hanging scrolls, color on silk, 153.0 cm × 128.8 cm (60.2 in × 50.7 in) Tō-ji, Kyoto Dai Itoku Myoo Yamantaka Toji.JPG
Peacock Myōō (Mayura Vidyaraja) (絹本著色孔雀明王像, kenpon chakushoku kujaku myōōzō) [95]
Northern Song dynasty, 11th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 167.1 cm × 102.6 cm (65.8 in × 40.4 in) Ninna-ji, Kyoto Peacock Myoo.jpg
Amida ( Amitābha ) coming over the Mountain (絹本著色山越阿弥陀図, kenpon chakushoku yamagoeamidazu) [96]
Kamakura period, 13th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 120.6 cm × 80.3 cm (47.5 in × 31.6 in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto Amida coming over the Mountain.jpg
Descent of Amitabha over the Mountain (絹本著色山越阿弥陀図, kenpon chakushoku yamagoeamidazu) [97] [98]
Kamakura period, 13th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 138.0 cm × 118.0 cm (54.3 in × 46.5 in) Eikan-dō Zenrin-ji, Kyoto Descent of Amitabha over the Mountain.jpg
Landscape screen (絹本著色山水屏風, sansuibyōbu) [99]
early Kamakura period, 13th centurySix-section folding screen (byōbu), color on silk, 110.8 cm × 37.5 cm (43.6 in × 14.8 in) Jingo-ji, Kyoto Landscape screen Jingoji2.jpg

Landscape screen Jingoji3.JPG

Landscape screen (絹本著色山水屏風, senzuibyōbu) [100]
Only extant screen painting from the Heian period. Formerly at Tō-ji Heian period, 11th centurySix-section folding screen (byōbu), color on silk, 146.4 cm × 42.7 cm (57.6 in × 16.8 in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto Landscape Screens Toji.jpg
Shaka rising from the Gold Coffin (絹本著色釈迦金棺出現図, kenpon chakushoku shaka kinkan shutsugenzu) [101]
late Heian period, 11th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 160.0 cm × 229.5 cm (63.0 in × 90.4 in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto Syaka-Kinkan.jpg
Shaka nyorai (Sakya Tathāgata ) (絹本著色釈迦如来像, kenpon chakushoku shaka nyoraizō) or Red Shakyamuni (赤釈迦, aka shaka) [102]
late Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 159.4 cm × 85.5 cm (62.8 in × 33.7 in) Jingo-ji, Kyoto Shaka Nyorai.jpg
Autumn and Winter Landscapes (絹本著色秋景冬景山水図, kenpon chakushoku shūkei tōkei sansuizu) [103] attributed to Emperor Huizong of Song
Southern Song dynasty, 12th centuryTwo hanging scrolls, color on silk, each 128.2 cm × 55.2 cm (50.5 in × 21.7 in) Konchi-in, Kyoto Emperor Huizong of Song winter.jpg Emperor Huizong of Song autumn.jpg
Oxen (絹本著色秋野牧牛図, kenpon chakushoku shūyabokugyūzu) [104] attributed to Yan Ciping (閻次平, en jihei)
Southern Song dynasty, late 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 97.5 cm × 50.6 cm (38.4 in × 19.9 in) Sen-oku Hakuko Kan, Kyoto Oxen Yan Ciping.jpg
Twelve Devas (絹本著色十二天像, kenpon chakushoku jūnitenzō) [105]
Formerly owned by Tō-ji.late Heian period, 1127Twelve hanging scrolls, color on silk, each 144.0 cm × 127.0 cm (56.7 in × 50.0 in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto Ishanaten KNM.jpg
Twelve Devas screen (絹本著色十二天像, kenpon chakushoku jūnitenzō) [106] attributed to Takuma Shōga (宅間勝賀)
late Heian period, 1191Pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), color on paper, each 130.0 cm × 42.1 cm (51.2 in × 16.6 in) Tō-ji, Kyoto Twelve Devas screen replica.jpg
Sixteen Arhats (絹本著色十六羅漢像, kenpon chakushoku jūroku rakanzō)
Northern Song dynasty, 12th century16 hanging scrolls, color on silk, 82.1 cm × 36.4 cm (32.3 in × 14.3 in) (Pindolabaradvāja) Seiryō-ji, Kyoto Sixteen Arhats Seiryoji - no 4.jpg
Portrait of Daitō Kokushi ( Shūhō Myōchō ) (絹本著色大燈国師像, kenpon chakushoku daitō kokushizō)
Nanboku-chō period, 1334 Hanging scroll, color on silk, 115.5 cm × 56.5 cm (45.5 in × 22.2 in) Daitoku-ji, Kyoto Portrait of Daito Kokushi.jpg
Three portraits in Jingo-ji (絹本著色神護寺三像, kenpon chakushoku jingoji sanzō) said to be those of Minamoto no Yoritomo (源賴朝), Taira no Shigemori (平重盛), Fujiwara no Mitsuyoshi (藤原光能) [107] [108] attributed to Fujiwara Takanobu
Kamakura period, 13th centuryThree hanging scrolls, color on silk, 143.0 cm × 112.8 cm (56.3 in × 44.4 in) (Yoritomo), 143.0 cm × 111.2 cm (56.3 in × 43.8 in) (Shigemori) and 143.0 cm × 111.6 cm (56.3 in × 43.9 in) (Mitsuyoshi) Jingo-ji, Kyoto Taira Shigemori.jpg
Minamoto no Yoritomo.jpg
Fujiwara no Mitsuyoshi.jpg
Fudō Myōō ( Acala ) (絹本著色不動明王像, kenpon chakushoku fudō myōōzō) (Yellow Fudō (黄不動, kifudōson)) [99]
Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 168.2 cm × 80.3 cm (66.2 in × 31.6 in) Manshu-in, Kyoto Yellow Fudo.jpg
Fudō Myōō ( Acala ) and two attendants (絹本著色不動明王二童子像, kenpon chakushoku fudō myōō nidōjizō) (Blue Fudō (青不動, aofudōson))
Heian period, mid 11th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 203.3 cm × 148.5 cm (80.0 in × 58.5 in) Shōren-in, Kyoto Blue Fudo ShorenIn.JPG
Fugen Enmei ( Samantabhadra ) (絹本著色普賢延命像, kenpon chakushoku fugen enmeizō) [109]
Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 139.4 cm × 67.0 cm (54.9 in × 26.4 in) Matsunoo-dera (松尾寺), Maizuru, Kyoto Fugen Enmei Matsunoodera.jpg
Butsugen Butsumo (絹本著色仏眼仏母像, kenpon chakushoku butsugen butsumozō) [110] [111] [112]
early Kamakura period, end of 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 193.1 cm × 128.8 cm (76.0 in × 50.7 in) Kōzan-ji, Kyoto Butsugen Butsumo.jpg
Monju crossing the sea (絹本著色文殊渡海図, kenpon chakushoku monju tokaizu)
Kamakura period Hanging scroll, color on silk, 143.0 cm × 106.4 cm (56.3 in × 41.9 in) Daigo-ji, Kyoto Monju crossing the sea.jpg
Portrait of Wuzhun Shifan (絹本著色無準師範像, kenpon chakushoku Bujun Shibanzō) [68] [113] unknownWuzhun Shifan (1177–1249) (alt reading: Mujun Shihan, ch: Wuqun Shifan) was a Chinese zen priest. Southern Song dynasty, 1238 Hanging scroll, color on silk, 124.8 cm × 55.2 cm (49.1 in × 21.7 in) Tōfuku-ji, Kyoto Bujun Shiban.jpg
The monk Myōe (絹本著色明恵上人像, kenpon chakushoku Myōe Shōninzō) [112] [114]
Kamakura period, 13th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 145.0 cm × 59.0 cm (57.1 in × 23.2 in) Kōzan-ji, Kyoto Semuiji Myoue.jpg
Mandala of the Two Realms (絹本著色両界曼荼羅図, kenpon chakushoku ryōkaimandarazu) or Den shingon-in mandala (伝真言院曼荼羅) [99]
Heian period, 9th centuryTwo hanging scrolls (mandalas), color on silk, 185.1 cm × 164.3 cm (72.9 in × 64.7 in) (Garbhadhātu) and 187.1 cm × 164.3 cm (73.7 in × 64.7 in) (Vajradhātu) Tō-ji, Kyoto Kongokai.jpg

Taizokai.jpg

Portraits of Seven Shingon Patriarchs (絹本著色真言七祖像, kenpon chakushoku shingon shichisozō)inscriptions attributed to Kūkai and possibly Emperor Saga [115] Five portraits were brought back by Kūkai from his trip to Tang dynasty China in 805. Two portraits (of Ryūmō (竜猛) and Ryūchi (竜智)) were added later, in 821, in Japan. Tang dynasty and Heian period Seven hanging scrolls, color on silk Tō-ji, Kyoto Amoghavajra.jpg
Kariteimo (絹本著色訶梨帝母像, kenpon chakushoku kariteimozō)
Kamakura period Hanging scroll, color on silk, 124.3 cm × 77.9 cm (48.9 in × 30.7 in) Daigo-ji, Kyoto Kariteimo.jpg
Enmaten (絹本著色閻魔天像, kenpon chakushoku enmatenzō)
Kamakura period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 129.1 cm × 65.4 cm (50.8 in × 25.7 in) Daigo-ji, Kyoto Enmaten.jpg
Landscape (絹本墨画山水図, kenpon bokuga sansuizu) [116] Ri Tō (李唐) (Li Tang)
Southern Song dynasty Two hanging scrolls, ink on silk, 98.1 cm × 43.4 cm (38.6 in × 17.1 in) Kōtō-in, Kyoto Landscapes Kotoin.jpg
Guanyin , Monkeys, and Crane (絹本墨画淡彩観音猿鶴図, kenpon bokuga tansai kannon enkakuzu) [68] [117] [118] Muqi Fachang
Southern Song dynasty, 13th centuryThree hanging scrolls, ink and light color on silk, 172.4 cm × 98.8 cm (67.9 in × 38.9 in) (Kannon), 173.9 cm × 98.8 cm (68.5 in × 38.9 in) (monkeys and crane, each) Daitoku-ji, Kyoto Guanyin, Monkeys, and Crane.jpg
Paintings in five-storied pagoda (五重塔初重壁画, gojūnotō shojūhekiga) [119]
The paintings covered every interior surface of the first floor of the pagoda. About half of the original paintings remain. They are located on pillars, window shutters, doors, wainscoting and so on. Motifs include deities from the Mandala of the Two Realms and portraits of seven of the eight Shingon patriarchs (Zenmui (善無畏) is missing). Heian period, 951Paintings, 18 panels, ink, color and gold on woodfirst floor of five-storied pagoda, Daigo-ji, Kyoto Daigoji Wall Painting Dainichi Nyorai.JPG
Pine tree and flowering plants (紙本金地著色松に草花図, shihon kinji chakushoku matsu ni kusabanazu) [120] Hasegawa Tōhaku
Momoyama period One pair of two-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 226.2 cm × 165.7 cm (89.1 in × 65.2 in) each Chishaku-in, Kyoto Pine tree Flowering plants Chishakuin Tohaku.JPG
Pictures on room partitions: (a) Pine tree and flowering plants (松に草花図, matsu ni kusabanazu), (b) Cherry and maple trees (桜楓図), (c) Pine and plum trees (松に梅図, matsu ni ume zu), (d) Pine tree, sunset hibiscus and chrysanthemum (松に黄蜀葵及菊図)attributed to Hasegawa Tōhaku and his sonPaintings on walls and sliding doors of the Great drawing room (大書院, daishoin) of Chishaku-in. (a) four paintings on alcove and two paintings on wall, (b) nine paintings on wall and two paintings on fusuma, (c) four paintings on fusuma, (d) four paintings on alcove. Momoyama period Paintings, ink and color on paper with gold leaf background Chishaku-in, Kyoto MAPLE CHISHAKU-IN.JPG
Wind god and Thunder God (紙本金地著色風神雷神図, shihon kinji chakushoku fūjin raijinzu) [121] Tawaraya Sōtatsu Replicated in works by Sakai Hōitsu and Ogata Kōrin. Edo period, 17th centuryOne pair of two-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, each 169.8 cm × 154.5 cm (66.9 in × 60.8 in) Kennin-ji, Kyoto Wind-God-Fujin-and-Thunder-God-Raijin-by-Tawaraya-Sotatsu.png
Portrait of Emperor Hanazono (紙本著色花園天皇像, shihon chakushoku Hanazono tennōzō) Gōshin (豪信)
Nanboku-chō period, 1338 Hanging scroll, color on paper, 31.2 cm × 97.3 cm (12.3 in × 38.3 in) Chōfuku-ji, Kyoto Emperor Hanazono large.jpg
History of the Kegon Sect (紙本著色華厳宗祖師絵伝, shihon chakushoku Kegonshū soshi eden) or Kegon engi (華厳縁起) [112] [122]
Kamakura period, 13th centurySix hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, each width: 31.5 cm (12.5 in), lengths of vol. 1/2/3/4/5/6: 1583.0/1219.0/154.5/1420.0/1531.0/865.0 cm (623.2/479.9/60.8/559.1/602.8/340.6 in) Kōzan-ji, Kyoto History of the Kegon Sect.jpg
Scroll of hungry ghosts (紙本著色餓鬼草紙, shihon chakushoku gakisōshi) [123] [124]
Heian period, late 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.8 cm × 538.4 cm (10.6 in × 212.0 in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto Hungry Ghosts Scroll Kyoto 2.jpg
Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect (紙本著色絵因果経, shihon chakushoku eingakyō) [99] [125]
Nara period, 8th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.4 cm × 1,036.4 cm (10.4 in × 408.0 in) Jōban Rendai-ji (上品蓮台寺), Kyoto Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect2.JPG
Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect (紙本著色絵因果経, shihon chakushoku eingakyō) [126]
Nara period, 8th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.4 cm × 1,536.4 cm (10.4 in × 604.9 in)Hōon-in, Daigo-ji, Kyoto E-ingakyo Daigoji.jpg
Diseases and Deformities (紙本著色病草紙, shihon chakushoku yamai no sōshi) [127] [128]
late Heian period, 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono) cut into 10 sections, color on paper, (25.9–26.0) cm x (25.3–49.3) cm (10.2 in x (10–19.4) in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto Diseases and deformities.jpg
The illustrated biography of priest Hōnen (紙本著色法然上人絵伝) [129]
Kamakura period, 14th century Hand scroll (emakimono), illustrated biographies of famous priests (高僧伝絵, kousōdene), 48 volumes, color on paper, ca. 33.0 cm × 1,100 cm (13.0 in × 433.1 in) Chion-in, Kyoto Illustrated biography of priest Honen 1.jpg

Illustrated biography of priest Honen 2.jpg

History of Kitano Tenjin (紙本著色北野天神縁起, shihon chakushoku kitano tenjin engi) [130]
Biography and catalogue of miracles performed by Sugawara no Michizane, the founder of Kitano Tenman-gū. Kamakura period, 1219Eight large hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, 52.2 cm x (842–1211) cm (20.6 in x (331–477) in) Kitano Tenman-gū, Kyoto History of Kitano Tenjin.gif
Landscape: Keiin shōchiku (紙本墨画渓陰小築図, shihon bokuga keiin shōchikuzu) or Cottage by a mountain stream [44] [131] attributed to Kichizan Minchō (吉山明兆, Kitsusan Minchō) with inscriptions by Taihaku Shingen and other priests
Muromachi period, 1413 Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 101.5 cm × 34.5 cm (40.0 in × 13.6 in) Konchi-in, Kyoto Cottage by a mountain stream.jpg
Portrait of Shinran Shōnin (紙本墨画親鸞聖人像, shihon bokuga Shinran Shōninzō) or Mirror portrait [132]
Standing portrait of the founder of the Jodo Shinshu school of Pure Land Buddhism. Kamakura period, possibly the last year of Shinran's life Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 35.2 cm × 33 cm (13.9 in × 13.0 in) (painting only) Nishi Honganji, Kyoto Shinran Shonin.jpg
View of Amanohashidate (紙本墨画淡彩天橋立図, shihon bokuga tansai ama no hashidatezu) [133] Sesshū Tōyō Bird's eye view of Amanohashidate. Muromachi period, 1501–1506 Hanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 90.0 cm × 178.2 cm (35.4 in × 70.2 in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto Sesshu - View of Ama-no-Hashidate.jpg
Catching catfish with a gourd (紙本墨画淡彩瓢鮎図, shihon bokuga tansai hyōnenzu) [134] Josetsu Commissioned by shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimochi. On the top of the scroll there is an inscription by Gyokuen Bunpō (玉畹梵芳) and 30 other priests.1413 Muromachi period, 1413 Hanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 111.5 cm × 75.8 cm (43.9 in × 29.8 in) Taizō-in (Myōshin-ji), Kyoto Hyonen zu by Josetsu0.JPG

Hyonen zu by Josetsu2.jpg

Scrolls of Frolicking Animals and Humans (紙本墨画鳥獣人物戯画, shihon bokuga chōjū-jinbutsu-giga) or Scrolls of Frolicking Animals (鳥獣戯画, chōjū-giga)maybe Toba Sōjō Credited as the oldest work of manga. Heian period and Kamakura period, mid 12th century (1st and 2nd scroll), 13th century (3rd and 4th scroll)Four hand scrolls (emakimono), ink on paper, up to 30 cm × 1,100 cm (12 in × 433 in) Kyoto National Museum and Tokyo National Museum, owned by Kōzan-ji, Kyoto Chouju sumo2.jpg
Water fowl in the lotus pond (紙本墨画蓮池水禽図, shihon bokuga renchi suikinzu) [135] Tawaraya Sōtatsu
Edo period, early 17th century Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 116.0 cm × 50.0 cm (45.7 in × 19.7 in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto RENTISUIKIN SOTATSU.JPG
Mandala of the Two Realms (紫綾金銀泥絵両界曼荼羅図, murasaki aya kingindei ryōkaimandarazu) or Takao mandala (高雄曼荼羅) [136]
Oldest extant example of a Mandala of the Two Worlds in Japan, believed to be a faithful copy of the mandalas that Kūkai brought from Japan Heian period, 829–833Two hanging scrolls (mandalas), gold and silver on dark bluish purple damask, 411.0 cm × 366.5 cm (161.8 in × 144.3 in) (Diamond Realm Mandala), 446.4 cm × 406.3 cm (175.7 in × 160.0 in) (Womb Realm Mandala) Jingo-ji, Kyoto Takao Mandala - Diamond Realm.jpg
Konkōmyōkyō Sutra (白描絵料紙墨書金光明経, hakubyōeryōshi bokusho konkōmyōkyō) vol. 3 [137]
Sutra scroll decorated with line under drawings possibly showing the Tale of Genji or "Parting at dawn" (Ariake no wakare). Together with the Rishukyō sutra (National Treasure) this work is part of the four volume Konkōmyōkyō Sutra. Volumes 2 and 4 only exist in fragments. Kamakura period, 1192 Hand scroll, color on paper, hakubyō-style (白描), 25.0 cm × 827.0 cm (9.8 in × 325.6 in) Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto Konkomyokyo Sutra.jpg
Paintings on room partitions in the abbot's quarters (hōjō) (方丈障壁画, hōjō shōhekiga): (a) Birds and flowers of the four seasons (紙本墨画花鳥図, shihon bokuga kachōzu), (b) Four Accomplishment or Four elegant pastimes: Music, Go, Calligraphy and Painting (紙本墨画淡彩琴棋書画図, shihon bokuga tansai kinki shogazu), (c) Eight Views of Xiaoxiang (紙本墨画瀟湘八景図, shihon bokuga shōshō hakkeizu), (d) shihon bokuga chikko yūenzu (紙本墨画竹虎遊猿図) Kanō Eitoku and his father Kanō Shōei (狩野松栄)
Muromachi period, 16th century38 paintings on fusuma and wall panels of the abbot's quarters (方丈, hōjō) at Jukō-in, sub-temple of Daitoku-ji. (a) 16 panels on fusuma in ritual room (室中), ink on paper (b) eight panels on fusuma in upper second room (上二之間), ink and light color on paper (c) eight panels on fusuma in lower second room (下二之間), ink on paper (d) two panels on wall, four panels on fusuma in upper first room (上一之間), ink on paperJukō-in (Daitoku-ji), Kyoto Birds and flowers of the four seasons.jpg
Amida Trinity (絹本著色阿弥陀三尊像, kenpon chakushoku amida sansonzō) [138] Fuetsu (普悦)Marked with Fuetsu's seal on each of the three parts Southern Song dynasty Three hanging scrolls, colors on silk; Amida: 125.5 cm × 48.5 cm (49.4 in × 19.1 in), Kannon: 127.5 cm × 48.8 cm (50.2 in × 19.2 in), Seishi: 127.2 cm × 48.5 cm (50.1 in × 19.1 in), Kyoto National Museum, Kyoto. Owner: Shōjōke-in, Kyoto Amida Trinity by Fuetsu.jpg
Paintings in the Phoenix Hall (鳳凰堂中堂壁扉画, hōō-dō chū-dō hekihiga): (a) The nine possible levels of birth into Amida 's Paradise (九品来迎図, kubon raigōzu), (b) (日想観図), (c) Wall painting (本尊後壁画, honzonkō hekiga) [7]
Heian period, 105314 paintings, color on wood: (a) eight former door paintings and three murals, (b) two door paintings, (c) one painting on the wall behind the principal image of BuddhaPhoenix Hall (Byōdō-in), Uji, Kyoto Byodoin Wall Painting JYOHIN-CHUSEI South.JPG

Byodoin Wall Painting CHUHIN-JYOSEI East.JPG

Divinely inspired Reception of the Two Great Sutras (絹本著色両部大経感得図, kenpon chakushoku ryōbutai kyōkantokuzu): (a) zenmui (善無畏), (b) ryūmyō (龍猛) [139] [140] attributed to Fujiwara no Munehiro (藤原宗弘)
Heian period, 1136Two hanging scrolls, color on silk, 177.8 cm × 141.8 cm (70.0 in × 55.8 in) Fujita Art Museum, Osaka Zenmui.jpg Ryumo RyobuKantoku FujitaMuseum.JPG
Illustrated hand scroll of the Monk Zuanzang (Genjō Sanzō) (紙本著色玄奘三蔵絵, shihon chakushoku Genjō Sanzōe) [141] Fujiwara Takaaki
Kamakura period, 12th centuryTwelve hand scrolls (emakimono), color on p

aper, 40.3 cm x (1200–1920) cm (15.9 in x (472.4–755.9) in)

Fujita Art Museum, Osaka Genjosanzo.jpg
Landscape of the four seasons (紙本著色日月四季山水図, shihon chakushoku jitsugetsu shiki sansui-zu) [142] [143] [144]
Muromachi period, mid-16th centuryOne pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), ink and color on paper with gold leaf background, 147.0 cm × 313.5 cm (57.9 in × 123.4 in) Kongō-ji, Kawachinagano, Osaka Landscape of the four seasons (left).jpg

Landscape of the four seasons (right).jpg

Portrait of Emperor Go-Toba (紙本著色後鳥羽天皇像, shihon chakushoku Go-Toba-tennōzō)attributed to Fujiwara Nobuzane
Kamakura period, 1221 Hanging scroll, color on paper, 40.3 cm × 30.6 cm (15.9 in × 12.0 in) Minase Shrine, Shimamoto, Osaka Emperor Go-Toba.jpg
Murasaki Shikibu Diary Ekotoba (紙本著色紫式部日記絵詞, shihon chakushoku Murasaki Shikibu nikki ekotoba) [44] unknown
Kamakura period, 13th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 21.0 cm × 434.0 cm (8.3 in × 170.9 in) Fujita Art Museum, Osaka Murasaki Shikibu Fujita Art Museum.jpg
Fan-paper album of Hokekyō Sutra (紙本著色扇面法華経冊子, shihon chakushoku senmenhokekyōsasshi) [99]
Heian period, 12th centuryFan paper in folding book form, 98 pages, color on paper, height: 25.6 cm (10.1 cm), width: 49.4 cm (19.4 cm) or 19.0 cm (7.5 cm) (along upper/lower arc) Shitennō-ji, Osaka Fan paper album Shitennoji2.JPG
New Moon over the brushwood gate (紙本墨画柴門新月図, shihon bokuga saimon shingetsuzu) [145]
At the top of the scroll there is a collection of poetry and prose by 18 zen priests. Muromachi period, 1405 Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 129.2 cm × 31 cm (50.9 in × 12.2 in) Fujita Art Museum, Osaka New Moon over the brushwood gate.jpg
Prince Shōtoku with eminent Tendai Priests (絹本著色聖徳太子,天台高僧像, kenpon chakushoku Shotoku Taishi, Tendai Kōsōzō) [146]
Heian period Ten hanging scrolls, color on silk Ichijō-ji, Kasai, Hyōgo Zui Cheng Xiang Yi Cheng Si Zang Ping An Shi Dai .jpg
Snowclad houses in the night (紙本墨画淡彩夜色楼台図, shihonbokuga tansai yashoku rōdaizu) [147] [148] Yosa Buson
Edo period, around 1778 Hanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 27.9 cm × 130.0 cm (11.0 in × 51.2 in)private (Mutō Haruta (武藤治太)), Kobe, Hyōgo Snowclad houses in the night.jpg
Amida Triad with a boy attendant (絹本著色阿弥陀三尊及童子像, kenpon chakushoku amida sanson oyobi dōjizō) [99]
Kamakura period, 12th–13th centuryThree hanging scrolls, color on silk, 186.0 cm × 146.3 cm (73.2 in × 57.6 in) (Amida), 182.3 cm × 173.2 cm (71.8 in × 68.2 in) (Kannon and Seishi), 182.5 cm × 55.2 cm (71.9 in × 21.7 in) (boy attendant) Hokke-ji, Nara, Nara Kannon-seishi.jpg Amida.jpg Boy-attendant.jpg
Ox and herdboys (絹本著色帰牧図, kenpon chakushoku kibokuzu) [149] or Riding on an ox (騎牛, kigyū) Li Di
Southern Song dynasty, second half of 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 24.2 cm × 23.8 cm (9.5 in × 9.4 in) Yamato Bunkakan, Nara, Nara Ox and herdboys.jpg
Kusha mandala (絹本著色倶舎曼荼羅図, kenpon chakushoku kusha mandarazu) [99]
Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 164.5 cm × 177.0 cm (64.8 in × 69.7 in) Tōdai-ji, Nara, Nara Kusha mandarazu Todaiji.JPG
Portrait of the priest Jion Daishi ( Kuiji ) (絹本著色慈恩大師像, kenpon chakushoku jion daishizō) [99] [150]
Heian period, 11th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 161.2 cm × 129.2 cm (63.5 in × 50.9 in) Yakushi-ji, Nara, Nara Jion Daishi.jpg
Eleven-faced Goddess of Mercy (絹本著色十一面観音像, kenpon chakushoku jūichimen kannonzō) [151] [152]
Handed down in Hokki-ji Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 168.8 cm × 89.6 cm (66.5 in × 35.3 in) Nara National Museum, Nara, Nara Eleven-faced Goddess of Mercy edit.jpg
Twelve Deities ( Devas ) (絹本著色十二天像, kenpon chakushoku jūnitenzō) [153]
Heian period Twelve hanging scrolls, color on silk, 160.0 cm × 134.5 cm (63.0 in × 53.0 in) Saidai-ji, Nara, Nara TwelveDeities Varna Saidaiji.JPG
Frescoes in the Kitora Tomb (キトラ古墳壁画, kitora kofun hekiga) [154] [155]
Depicted are the Four Symbols on the corresponding walls of the burial chamber, animals of the Chinese zodiac beneath them and an astronomical chart on the ceiling. Asuka period, 7th or early 8th centuryFive fresco paintings, color, 112.1 cm × 203.7 cm (44.1 in × 80.2 in) (Azure Dragon, East), 112.8 cm × 204.2 cm (44.4 in × 80.4 in) (White Tiger, West), 95.7 cm × 72.8 cm (37.7 in × 28.7 in) (Vermilion Bird, South),112.2 cm × 105.7 cm (44.2 in × 41.6 in) (Black Tortoise, North), 105.8 cm × 169.3 cm (41.7 in × 66.7 in) (ceiling) Kitora Tomb, Asuka, Nara Kitora Tumulus.jpg
Frescoes in the Takamatsuzuka Tomb (高松塚古墳壁画, takamatsuzuka kofun hekiga)
Nara period Four fresco paintings, color Takamatsuzuka Tomb, Asuka, Nara Takamat1.jpg
Mandala of the Two Realms (紺綾地金銀泥絵両界曼荼羅図, konayajikingindeie ryōkaimandarazu) or Kojima mandala (子島曼荼羅, Kojima mandara) [156] [157]
Also known as tobi mandara (飛曼荼羅) or hikō mandara (飛行曼荼羅) and originally kept at Kojimadera (子嶋寺), Takatori. According to tradition, Shink (真興), who restored Kojimadera, received the mandalas from Emperor Ichijō during the Chōhō era (999–1004). Heian period, early 11th centuryTwo hanging scrolls, gold and silver paint on dark blue silk, 349.1 cm × 307.9 cm (137.4 in × 121.2 in) (Womb Realm mandala) and 351.3 cm × 297.0 cm (138.3 in × 116.9 in) (Diamond Realm mandala) Nara National Museum, Nara, Nara Mandala of the Womb Realm Kojimadera.jpg Mandala of the Diamond Realm Kojimadera.jpg
shihonkinji chakushoku fūzokuzu (紙本金地著色風俗図) or Matsuura screen (松浦屏風, matsuura byōbu) [158] [159]
Edo period, c. 1650Pair of six-section folding screens (byōbu), color on paper with gold leaf background, 155.6 cm × 361.6 cm (61.3 in × 142.4 in) Yamato Bunkakan, Nara, Nara Matsuura-Byobu-by-Iwasa-Matabei.png

Iwasa Matabei 002.jpg

Illustrated stories about the boy Sudhana 's pilgrimage to fifty-four deities and saints (紙本著色華厳五十五所絵巻, shihon chakushoku kegon gojūgosho emaki) [160]
Heian period, 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 29.8 cm × 1,287.0 cm (11.7 in × 506.7 in) Tōdai-ji, Nara, Nara Kegon Gojugo-sho Emaki (Todaiji).jpg
Legend of Mount Shigi (紙本著色信貴山縁起, shigisan engi) [161]
Heian period, early 12th centuryThree hand scrolls (emakimono), color on paper, 31.5 cm × 827 cm (12.4 in × 325.6 in), 31.25 cm × 1,270.3 cm (12.30 in × 500.12 in) (exorcism of the emperor), 31.5 cm × 1,416 cm (12.4 in × 557.5 in) (story of the Nun) Chōgosonshi-ji, Heguri, Nara Sigisanengi tobikura.jpg
Nezame Monogatari Emaki (紙本著色寝覚物語絵巻, shihon chakushoku nezame monogatari emaki) [162]
Heian period, early 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26 cm × 533 cm (10 in × 210 in) Yamato Bunkakan, Nara, Nara NEZAME MONOGATARI1 handscroll.jpg

Nezame Monogatari Emaki 3L.jpg

Scroll of the Hells (紙本著色地獄草紙, shihon chakushoku jigoku sōshi) [163]
Kamakura period, 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 26.5 cm × 454.7 cm (10.4 in × 179.0 in) Nara National Museum, Nara, Nara Hell Scroll Nara Measures.jpg
Extermination of Evil (紙本著色辟邪絵, shihon chakushoku hekijae) [164]
Heian period, 12th centuryFive hanging scrolls, color on paper, 25.8–26.0 cm x 39.2–77.2 cm (10.2 cm x 15.4–30.4 cm) Nara National Museum, Nara, Nara Extermination of Evil Tenkeisei.jpg
Landscape (紙本墨画淡彩山水図, shihon bokuga tansai sansuizu) or Hue of the Water, Light on the Peaks (水色巒光図, suishoku rankōzu) [165] [166] [167] attributed to Tenshō Shūbun, inscriptions by Kosei Ryuha, Shinchi Mintoku and Shinden Seiha
Muromachi period, 1445 Hanging scroll, ink and light color on paper, 108 cm × 32.7 cm (42.5 in × 12.9 in) Nara National Museum, Nara, Nara Landscape Tensho Shubun.jpg
Taishakuten mandala (板絵著色伝帝釈天曼荼羅図(金堂来迎壁), itae chakushoku den Taishaku-ten mandara zu (kondō raikō kabe)) [5]
Currently located in the middle of three bays on the wall behind the chief object of worship in the kondō (main hall) of the temple, but might not have always been located there. As the temple was previously a Shinto/Buddhist temple associated with the dragon god, there is a possibility this painting was originally intended as a dragon god mandala, or a mandala of praying for rain. Heian period, 9th centuryWall mural, colors on wood Murō-ji, Uda, Nara Taishakuten mandala Muroji.JPG
Portrait of Kichijōten (麻布著色吉祥天像, asanuno chakushoku kichijōten zō) [168]
Nara period Colors on hemp, 53 cm × 31.7 cm (20.9 in × 12.5 in) Yakushi-ji, Nara, Nara Kichijoten.jpg
Amida Trinity (絹本著色阿弥陀三尊像, kenpon chakushoku amida sansonzō) [33]
Kamakura period Hanging scroll, colors on silk, 154.0 cm × 135.0 cm (60.6 in × 53.1 in) Reihōkan, Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Amida Trinity.jpg
The Coming of Amida Buddha and Saints of the Pure Land (絹本著色阿弥陀聖衆来迎図, kenpon chakushoku amida shōju raigō zu) [169]
Depicts Amida, surrounded by Buddhist saints playing musical instruments, come to greet the spirits of the deceased to escort them to the Pure Land. Heian-Kamakura period Three hanging scrolls, colors on silk, triptychYūshi Hachimankō Jūhakkain (有志八幡講十八箇院) (in custody at Reihōkan), Mt. Kōya, Wakayama AmidaRaigo.jpg
Portrait of Buddhist monk Gonsō (絹本著色勤操僧正像, kenpon chakushoku gonsō sōshō zō) [170]
The inscription on the top tells of a wooden sculpture of Gonsō being created after his death by his pupils praying for happiness in the next world and praising Gonsō's learning and virtue. Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, colors on silk, 166.4 cm × 136.4 cm (65.5 in × 53.7 in) Fūmon-in (普門院) (in custody at Reihōkan), Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Gonso.jpg
Five great Bodhisattvas of strength (絹本著色五大力菩薩像, kenpon chakushoku godairiki bosatsuzō) [171]
Originally five scrolls of which two were destroyed in fire in 1888. Kongōku (金剛吼), Ryūōku (龍王吼) and Muijūrikiku (無畏十力吼) remain. Heian period Three hanging scrolls, color on silk, 322.8 cm × 179.5 cm (127.1 in × 70.7 in) (Kongōku), 237.6 cm × 179.5 cm (93.5 in × 70.7 in) (Ryūōku), 179.5 cm × 179.5 cm (70.7 in × 70.7 in) (Muijūrikiku)有志八幡講十八箇院 (Yūshi Hachimankō Jūhakkain) (in custody at Reihōkan), Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Kongoku.jpg
Dragon King Zennyo (絹本著色善女竜王像, kenpon chakushoku zennyo ryūōzō) [172] Jōchi (定智)
Heian period, 1145 Hanging scroll, color on silk, 163.6 cm × 111.2 cm (64.4 in × 43.8 in) Reihōkan, (owned by Kongōbu-ji,) Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Dragon King Zennyo2.jpg
Senchū Yūgen Kannon (絹本著色伝船中湧現観音像, kenpon chakushoku den senchū yūgen kannonzō)
Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 79.4 cm × 41.8 cm (31.3 in × 16.5 in) Ryūkōin (龍光院) (in custody at Reihōkan), Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Senchu Yugen Kannon.jpg
Buddha's Nirvana (絹本著色仏涅槃図, kenpon chakushoku butsunehanzu) [173]
Heian period, 1086 Hanging scroll, color on silk, 267.6 cm × 271.2 cm (105.4 in × 106.8 in) Reihōkan, Kongōbu-ji, Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Buddha's Nirvana.jpg
Landscape and figures on sliding partitions (紙本著色山水人物図, shihon chakushoku sansui jinbutsuzu) Ike no Taiga
Edo period, 18th centuryTen paintings on fusuma, color on paper Reihōkan, (owned by Kongōbu-ji), Mt. Kōya, Wakayama Sansui jinbutsuzu.jpg
The Legendary Origins of Kokawadera (紙本著色粉河寺縁起, shihon chakushoku Kokawadera engi) [174]
early Kamakura period, 12th century Hand scroll (emakimono), color on paper, 30.8 cm × 1,984.2 cm (12.1 in × 781.2 in) Kokawadera (粉河寺), Kinokawa, Wakayama The Legendary Origins of Kokawadera 1.jpg

The Legendary Origins of Kokawadera 2.jpg

Fugen Bosatsu ( Samantabhadra ) (絹本著色普賢菩薩像, kenpon chakushoku fugen bosatsuzō) [175] [176]
Heian period, 12th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 102.4 cm × 52.1 cm (40.3 in × 20.5 in) Bujō-ji (豊乗寺), Chizu, Tottori Fugen Bosatsu Bujoji.jpg
Kenpon chakushoku kyūjozu (絹本著色宮女図) or denkanyaōzu (伝桓野王図) [177] [178]
Yuan dynasty, 14th century Hanging scroll, color on silk, 86.1 cm × 29.9 cm (33.9 in × 11.8 in)private (Ōhara Ken'ichirō (大原謙一郎)), Kurashiki, Okayama Kyujozu.jpg
Landscape (紙本墨画淡彩山水図, shihon bokuga tansai sansuizu) Sesshū Tōyō
Muromachi period Hanging scroll, ink and light color on paperprivate (Ōhara Ken'ichirō (大原謙一郎)), Kurashiki, Okayama Sesshu Landscape (Okayama).jpg
Fugen Enmei ( Samantabhadra ) (絹本著色普賢延命像, kenpon chakushoku fugen enmeizō) [179]
Heian period, 1153 Hanging scroll, color on silk, 149.3 cm × 86.6 cm (58.8 in × 34.1 in) Jikō-ji, Onomichi, Hiroshima Fugen Enmei Jikoji.jpg
Heike nōkyō (平家納経) [180] Taira no Kiyomori and 32 members of the Taira clan 30 scrolls of the Lotus Sutra, one Amitabha Sutra scroll, one Heart Sutra scroll and one prayer scroll in the handwriting of Taira no Kiyomori dedicated to the Itsukushima Shrine. Heian period, 116433 sūtra hand scrolls with illustrations, ink on decorated paper, 25.4 cm × 537.9 cm (10.0 in × 211.8 in) (Hōben-bon), 27.2 cm × 767.4 cm (10.7 in × 302.1 in) (Hiyu-bon), 24.9 cm × 270.7 cm (9.8 in × 106.6 in) (Hōshi-bon), 26.5 cm × 266.8 cm (10.4 in × 105.0 in) (Juryō-bon) Itsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima HEIKE Lotus Sutra Prologue.JPG
Landscapes of the Four Seasons (紙本墨画淡彩四季山水図, shihon bokuga tansai) [181] Sesshū Tōyō
Muromachi period, 1486 Hand scroll, ink and light color on paper, 37.0 cm × 159 cm (14.6 in × 62.6 in) Mōri Museum, Hōfu, Yamaguchi Landscapes of the Four Seasons.jpg

See also

Related Research Articles

Ogata Kōrin was a Japanese painter, lacquerer and designer of the Rinpa school.

National Treasure (Japan) Most precious of Tangible Cultural Properties

A National Treasure is the most precious of Japan's Tangible Cultural Properties, as determined and designated by the Agency for Cultural Affairs. A Tangible Cultural Property is considered to be of historic or artistic value, classified either as "buildings and structures" or as "fine arts and crafts." Each National Treasure must show outstanding workmanship, a high value for world cultural history, or exceptional value for scholarship.

Tokyo National Museum Art museum in Tokyo, Japan

The Tokyo National Museum or TNM is an art museum in Ueno Park in the Taitō ward of Tokyo, Japan. It is one of the four museums operated by the National Institutes for Cultural Heritage (ja:国立文化財機構), is considered the oldest national museum in Japan, is the largest art museum in Japan, and is one of the largest art museums in the world. The museum collects, preserves, and displays a comprehensive collection of artwork and cultural objects from Asia, with a focus on ancient and medieval Japanese art and Asian art along the Silk Road. There is also a large collection of Greco-Buddhist art. The museum holds over 110,000 Cultural Properties, including 89 National Treasures of Japan, 319 Horyuji Treasures, and 644 Important Cultural Properties. In addition, the museum houses over 3000 Cultural Properties deposited by individuals and organizations, including 55 national treasures and 253 important cultural properties. The museum also conducts research and organizes educational events related to its collection.

Rinpa school

Rinpa is one of the major historical schools of Japanese painting. It was created in 17th century Kyoto by Hon'ami Kōetsu (1558–1637) and Tawaraya Sōtatsu. Roughly fifty years later, the style was consolidated by brothers Ogata Kōrin (1658–1716) and Ogata Kenzan (1663–1743).

Nara National Museum Art museum in Nara, Japan

The Nara National Museum is one of the pre-eminent national art museums in Japan.

Kyoto National Museum Art museum in Kyoto, Japan

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Akishino-dera Buddhist temple

Akishino-dera (秋篠寺) is a Buddhist temple in Nara, Japan. Founded in the eighth century, its Kamakura-period Hondō is a National Treasure.

Jōdo-ji (Onomichi)

Jōdo-ji (浄土寺) is a temple of Shingon Buddhism in Onomichi, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. As a site sacred to the boddhisattva Kannon, it is the 9th temple on the Chūgoku 33 Kannon Pilgrimage. The temple, built at the end of the Kamakura period, is noted for two national treasures: the temple's main hall (hondō) and the treasure pagoda (tahōtō). In addition it holds a number of Important Cultural Property structures and artworks.

Koyasan Reihōkan

Kōyasan Reihōkan is an art museum on Kōya-san, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, preserving and displaying Buddhist art owned by temples on Kōya-san. The collection is centered around articles from the Heian and Kamakura periods and includes paintings, calligraphy, sutras, sculpture and Buddhist ritual objects. Among these are a set of the complete Buddhist canon (issaikyō), writings of Kūkai and Minamoto no Yoritomo, founder of the Kamakura Shogunate, mandalas and portraits of priests. The most valuable objects have been designated as National Treasure or Important Cultural Property.

Kongō-ji Buddhist temple in Osaka, Japan

Kongō-ji (金剛寺) is a Buddhist temple in Kawachinagano, Osaka, Japan. It is the head temple of the Shingon Omuro sect. and also known under its mountain-name as Amanosan Kongō-ji. It is the 7th temple on the Shin Saigoku 33 Kannon Pilgrimage (新西国三十三箇所) and is notable for the large number of designated cultural properties.

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