Nasrid dynasty (Sistan)

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Nasrid dynasty of Sistan
1029–1225
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Nasrid coin
Status Kingdom
Capital Zaranj
Common languages Persian
Religion Sunni Islam
Malik  
 1029–1073
Tadj al-Din I Abu l-Fadl Nasr
 1106–1164
Taj al-Din II Nasr ibn Khalaf
 1169–1213
Taj al-Din III Harb ibn Muhammad ibn Nasr
 1213–1221
Yamin al-Din Bahram Shah ibn Harb
Historical era Middle Ages
 Established
1029
 Disestablished
1225
Currency billon Dirhem
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ghaznavids
Mongol Empire
Mihrabanid dynasty
Today part of

The Nasrid dynasty, also referred to as the Later Saffarids of Seistan or the Maliks of Nimruz, was an Iranian Sunni dynasty that ruled Sistan in the power vacuum left by the collapse of the Ghaznavid Empire and until the Mongol invasion of Central Asia. The Nasrids were a branch of the Saffarid dynasty, and the establishment of the Nasrid Kingdom at Nimruz in 1068 until its dissolution in 1225 represents a transient resurgence of Saffarid rule in Sistan. [1]

Contents

The kingdom was established by Tadj al-Din I Abu l-Fadl Nasr who was the Malik of Sistan under the Ghaznavids. Nasrid maliks ruled intermittently as sovereigns or vassals of larger neighboring powers, including the Seljuks, the Ghurids, and the Khwarezmians. After the dissolution of the kingdom by Inaltigin Khwarazmi [2] in the wake of the Mongol invasion, the region was ruled by a third dynasty of Saffarids, the Mihrabanids.

Nasrid maliks

Throne NameOriginal NamePortraitTitleBorn-DiedEntered officeLeft officeFamily RelationsNote
Nasrid dynasty, [2] 1029-1225
1Tadj al-Din I Abu l-Fadl NasrMalik10291073Malik of Sistan under the Ghaznavids
2Baha al-Dawala Tahir ibn NasrMalik10731088son of Tadj al-Din I Nasr
3Badr al-Dawala Abu ‘l-‘Abbas ibn NasrMalik10881090son of Tadj al-Din I Nasr
4Baha al-Dawala Khalaf ibn NasrMalik10901106son of Tadj al-Din I Nasr
5Taj al-Din II Nasr ibn KhalafMalik11061169son of Baha al-Dawala Khalaf
6Taj al-Din III Harb ibn Muhammad ibn NasrMalik11691213grandson of Tadj al-Din I NasrBecame vassal of Ghurids starting in 1175 AD
7Yamin al-Din Bahram Shah ibn HarbMalik12131221son of Taj al-Din III HarbKilled during the Mongol invasion, ushering in a period of succession instability and subsequent dissolution.
8Taj al-Din IV Nasr ibn Bahram ShahMalik12211221son of Bahram Shah
9Shihab al-Din Mahmud I ibn HarbMalik12211225son of Taj al-Din III Harb
10Rukn al-Din Mahmud ibn Bahram ShahMalik12211222son of Bahram Shah
11Abu ‘l-Muzaffar Ali ibn HarbMalik12221222son of Taj al-Din III Harb
12Ala al-Din Ahmad ibn Uthman Nasr al-Din ibn HarbMalik12231223son of Taj al-Din III Harb
13Uthman Shah ibn Uthman Nasr al-Din ibn HarbMalik12251225son of Taj al-Din III Harb

See also

Notes

References

  1. Mitchiner, Michael (1977). Oriental Coins and Their Values: The world of Islam. Hawkins Publications. p. 152. ISBN   978-0904173154.
  2. 1 2 Clifford Edmund Bosworth (January 1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Columbia University Press. pp. 211–. ISBN   978-0-231-10714-3.