Timeline of Richmond, Virginia

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Richmond, Virginia, United States


Pre-European Era

17th century





18th century



19th century






20th century






21st century



See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Richmond, Virginia</span> Capital city of Virginia, United States

Richmond is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. Incorporated in 1742, Richmond has been an independent city since 1871. The city's population in the 2020 census was 226,610, up from 204,214 in 2010, making it Virginia's fourth-most populous city. The Richmond metropolitan area, with 1,260,029 people, is the Commonwealth's third-most populous.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henrico County, Virginia</span> County in Virginia, United States

Henrico County, officially the County of Henrico, is located in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 334,389 making it the fifth-most populous county in Virginia. Henrico County is included in the Greater Richmond Region. There is no incorporated community within Henrico County; therefore, there is no incorporated county seat either. Laurel, an unincorporated CDP, serves this function.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chesterfield County, Virginia</span> County in Virginia, United States

Chesterfield County is located just south of Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The county's borders are primarily defined by the James River to the north and the Appomattox River to the south. Its county seat is Chesterfield Court House.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Greater Richmond Region</span> Metropolitan statistical area in the United States

The Greater Richmond Region, the Richmond metropolitan area or Central Virginia, is a region and metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Virginia, centered on Richmond. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines the area as the Richmond, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) used by the U.S. Census Bureau and other entities. The OMB defines the area as comprising 17 county-level jurisdictions, including the independent cities of Richmond, Petersburg, Hopewell, and Colonial Heights. As of 2020, it had a population of 1,314,434, making it the 44th largest MSA in the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Midlothian, Virginia</span> Unincorporated community in Virginia, United States

Midlothian is an unincorporated area and Census-designated place in Chesterfield County, Virginia, U.S. Settled as a coal town, Midlothian village experienced suburbanization effects and is now part of the western suburbs of Richmond, Virginia south of the James River in the Greater Richmond Region. Because of its unincorporated status, Midlothian has no formal government, and the name is used to represent the original small Village of Midlothian and a vast expanse of Chesterfield County in the northwest portion of Southside Richmond served by the Midlothian post office.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Richmond, Virginia</span>

The history of Richmond, Virginia, as a modern city, dates to the early 17th century, and is crucial to the development of the colony of Virginia, the American Revolutionary War, and the Civil War. After Reconstruction, Richmond's location at the falls of the James River helped it develop a diversified economy and become a land transportation hub.

The Greater Richmond, Virginia area has many neighborhoods and districts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henricus</span> Archaeological site in Virginia, United States

The "Citie of Henricus"—also known as Henricopolis, Henrico Town or Henrico—was a settlement in Virginia founded by Sir Thomas Dale in 1611 as an alternative to the swampy and dangerous area around the original English settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. It was named for Henry, Prince of Wales (1594–1612), the eldest son of King James I.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St. John's Episcopal Church (Richmond, Virginia)</span> Historic church in Virginia, United States

St. John's Church is an Episcopal church located at 2401 East Broad Street in Richmond, Virginia, United States. Formed from several earlier parishes, St. John's is the oldest church in the city of Richmond, Virginia. It was built in 1741 by William Randolph's son, Colonel Richard Randolph; the Church Hill district was named for it. It was the site of two important conventions in the period leading to the American Revolutionary War, and is famous as the location where American Founding Father Patrick Henry gave his memorable speech at the Second Virginia Convention, closing with the often-quoted demand, "Give me liberty, or give me death!" The church is designated as a National Historic Landmark.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Virginia State Route 161</span> Highway in Richmond, Virginia, United States

State Route 161 is a primary state highway in and near Richmond, Virginia, United States. It extends from an interchange with Interstate 95 (I-95) in the independent city of Richmond north to an intersection with U.S. Route 1 in the Lakeside area of central Henrico County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southside (Richmond, Virginia)</span> Neighborhood of Richmond, Virginia, United States

The Southside of Richmond is an area of the Metropolitan Statistical Area surrounding Richmond, Virginia. It generally includes all portions of the City of Richmond that lie south of the James River, and includes all of the former city of Manchester. Depending on context, the term "Southside of Richmond" can include some northern areas of adjacent Chesterfield County, Virginia in the Richmond-Petersburg region. With minor exceptions near Bon Air, VA, the Chippenham Parkway forms the border between Chesterfield County and the City of Richmond portions of Southside, with some news agencies using the term "South Richmond" to refer to the locations in Southside located in the city proper.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Virginia State Route 147</span> Road in Virginia, United States

State Route 147 is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. The state highway runs 13.13 miles (21.13 km) from U.S. Route 60 in Midlothian east to US 60 in Richmond. In various places, it is known as Huguenot Road, River Road, Cary Street Road and Main Street. SR 147 connects Midlothian with the West End of Richmond via the Huguenot Memorial Bridge across the James River. Within Richmond, the state highway follows Cary Street, a major thoroughfare that connects the city's two major universities, the University of Richmond and Virginia Commonwealth University, with Downtown Richmond.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Virginia State Route 288</span> State highway in Virginia, United States

State Route 288 is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. It is a freeway-standard partial beltway around the southwest side of the Richmond, Virginia metropolitan area in portions of Goochland, Powhatan, and Chesterfield counties. SR 288 was officially dedicated as the World War II Veterans Memorial Highway in 2004.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transportation in Richmond, Virginia</span>

Transportation in Richmond, Virginia and its immediate surroundings include land, sea and air modes. This article includes the independent city and portions of the contiguous counties of Henrico and Chesterfield. While almost all of Henrico County would be considered part of the Richmond area, southern and eastern portions of Chesterfield adjoin the three smaller independent cities of Petersburg, Hopewell, and Colonial Heights, collectively commonly called the Tri-Cities area. A largely rural section of southwestern Chesterfield may be considered not a portion of either suburban area.

According to Nielsen Media statistics for 2015–2016, the Richmond, Virginia market area is the 56th largest Designated Market Area in the United States, with 549,730 TV households. Richmond is served by a variety of communication media:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Westham, Virginia</span> Former Town in Virginia, United States

Westham was an unincorporated town in Henrico County, Virginia. It is located in the present day area of Tuckahoe, Virginia. Westham was built at a transportation point on the James River. The James River flows free for several hundred miles from the west and Westham is located at the point where the Fall Line rocks prevented further river passage. Richmond, Virginia was built on the other side of the fall line where the river is navigable to the ocean. This made Westham the first destination for iron used in Revolutionary War. In later years, Canals and then Rail transport connected Westham to Richmond along the James River trade route. Westham was eventually absorbed into Richmond.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shockoe Bottom</span> United States historic place

Shockoe Bottom historically known as Shockoe Valley, is an area in Richmond, Virginia, just east of downtown, along the James River. Located between Shockoe Hill and Church Hill, Shockoe Bottom contains much of the land included in Colonel William Mayo's 1737 plan of Richmond, making it one of the city's oldest neighborhoods.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">City of Henrico (Virginia Company)</span>

The City of Henrico is one of the oldest counties in the Colony of Virginia. It was one of four incorporations established in the colony by its proprietor, the Virginia Company. The City of Henrico, which included the settlement of Henricus, was the furthest incorporation upstream on the James River. In 1634, Henrico was reorganized under royal authority as the shire of Henrico, one of eight shires in the Crown Colony of Virginia, Later, it became known as Henrico County, Virginia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shockoe Hill African Burying Ground</span> Historic African American cemetery in Richmond, Virginia

The Shockoe Hill African Burying Ground was established by the city of Richmond, Virginia, for the interment of free people of color, and the enslaved. The heart of this now invisible burying ground is located at 1305 N 5th St.

The city of Richmond, Virginia has two African Burial Grounds, the "Shockoe Bottom African Burial Ground", and the "Shockoe Hill African Burying Ground". Additionally the city is home to several other important and historic African American cemeteries.


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Published in 18th-19th century

Published in 20th century

  • William Wirt Henry (1904), "Richmond on the James", in Lyman P. Powell (ed.), Historic Towns of the Southern States, New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • Virginia. Dept. of Agriculture and Immigration (1906), "Richmond", A Handbook of Virginia: Information for the Homeseeker and Investor, Lynchburg, Va: J. P. Bell Co., OCLC   6466827
  • Souvenir Views: Negro Enterprises & Residences, Richmond, Va., Richmond: D. A. Ferguson, 1907, OL   5109683M
  • Richmond Guide Book, Richmond, Virginia: M. A. Burgess, 1909, OL   24363987M
  • "Richmond (Virginia)"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 23 (11th ed.). 1910. pp. 309–311.
  • W. Asbury Christian (1912), Richmond, her past and present, Richmond, Va: Manufactured by L.H. Jenkins, OCLC   1253125, OL   6548616M
  • Edward Hungerford (1913), "City of the 7 Hills", The Personality of American Cities, New York: McBride, Nast & Company
  • Richmond Chamber of Commerce (1913), Richmond, Virginia, yesterday and today, Richmond: Whittet & Shepperson, printers, OCLC   6214750, OL   6565301M
  • Society for the Betterment of Housing and Living Conditions in Richmond (1913), Report on housing and living conditions in the neglected sections of Richmond, Virginia, Richmond, Va: Whittet & Shepperson, printers, OL   7043534M
  • Louise Nurney Kernodle (1918). Guide Book of the City of Richmond.
  • Directory of Business and Professional Women. 1921
  • "City of Richmond, Virginia". The Modern City. League of American Municipalities. 7. November 1922.
  • Federal Writers' Project (1941), "Richmond", Virginia: a Guide to the Old Dominion, American Guide Series, Oxford University Press, ISBN   9780403021956 via Google Books{{citation}}: CS1 maint: ref duplicates default (link)
  • Virginius Dabney (1990) [1976]. Richmond: The Story of a City. University Press of Virginia.
  • Michael B. Chesson. Richmond after the War, 1865–1890. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1981.
  • Peter J. Rachleff. Black Labor in the South: Richmond, Virginia, 1865–1890. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.
  • Patricia C. Click. The Spirit of the Times: Amusements in Nineteenth-Century Baltimore, Norfolk, and Richmond. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1989.
  • Marie Tyler-McGraw. At the Falls: Richmond, Virginia, and Its People. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Trudy Ring and Robert M. Salkin, ed. (1995). "Richmond". Americas. International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. p. 542+. ISBN   978-1-134-25930-4.
  • Peter Wallenstein (2000). "Richmond". In Paul Finkelman (ed.). Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century. Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN   0-684-80500-6.

Published in 21st century