Watonwan County, Minnesota

Last updated
Watonwan County
WatonwonCountyCourthouse.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Watonwan County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Minnesota in United States.svg
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°59′N94°37′W / 43.98°N 94.61°W / 43.98; -94.61
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Minnesota.svg  Minnesota
FoundedFebruary 25, 1860 [1]
Named for Watonwan River
Seat St. James
Largest citySt. James
Area
  Total440 sq mi (1,100 km2)
  Land435 sq mi (1,130 km2)
  Water4.8 sq mi (12 km2)  1.1%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
10,980
  Density25.2/sq mi (9.7/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st
Website www.co.watonwan.mn.us

Watonwan County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 11,211. [2] Its county seat is St. James. [3]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Minnesota U.S. state in the United States

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest, Great Lakes, and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has many lakes, and is known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord.

Contents

History

In 1849 the recently organized Minnesota Territory legislature authorized the creation of nine large counties across the territory. In 1853, one of those original counties, Dakota, had a large partitioned off to create Blue Earth County. In 1855 the western part of Blue Earth was partitioned to create Brown County. Then on February 25, 1860, the south part of Brown was partitioned to create this county, with Madelia as the designated county seat. The county was named for its eponymous river, whose name reflects the Dakota word "watanwan," meaning "fish bait," or "plenty of fish." [4] The word first appears in the written record on an 1843 map of the area so naming the river.

Minnesota Territory territory of the USA between 1849-1858

The Territory of Minnesota was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1849, until May 11, 1858, when the eastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Minnesota.

Dakota County, Minnesota U.S. county in Minnesota

Dakota County is the third-most populous county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 398,552. The county seat is Hastings. Dakota County is named for the Dakota Sioux tribal bands who inhabited the area. The name is recorded as "Dahkotah" in the United States Census records until 1851.

Blue Earth County, Minnesota County in the United States

Blue Earth County is a county in the State of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 64,013. Its county seat is Mankato. The county is named for the Blue Earth River and for the deposits of blue-green clay once evident along the banks of the Blue Earth River.

In 1869 the first settlers arrived in the area of the future Saint James, and the area began growing. In 1870 an extension of the St. Paul and Sioux City Railway was terminated at the village, and railway officials decided to name the terminus Saint Paul. By 1878 the town had grown to the extent that a vote was taken to move the county seat there. [5]

St. James, Minnesota City in Minnesota, United States

St. James is a city in and the county seat of Watonwan County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 4,605 at the 2010 census.

Geography

Soils of Watonwan County Watonwan Co Pie Chart No Text Version.pdf
Soils of Watonwan County

The terrain of Watonwan County consists of low rolling hills, carved by drainages and dotted with lakes and ponds. The area is completely devoted to agriculture where possible. [7] The terrain slopes to the north and east, with its highest point near its southwest corner, at 1,293' (394m) ASL. [8] The county has a total area of 440 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 435 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (1.1%) is water. [9] The county is drained by the Watonwan River and its tributaries; the river flows eastwardly through the northern part of the county. [10]

Watonwan River river in the United States of America

The Watonwan River is a tributary of the Blue Earth River, 113 miles (182 km) long, in southern Minnesota in the United States. Via the Blue Earth and Minnesota rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 878 square miles (2,270 km2) in an agricultural region. The Watonwan drains about a quarter of the Blue Earth River's watershed.

Major highways

Minnesota State Highway 4 is a 167.136-mile-long (268.979 km) highway in southwest and west-central Minnesota, which runs from Iowa Highway 4 at the Iowa state line, and continues north to its northern terminus at its interchange with Interstate Highway 94 near Sauk Centre and Melrose.

Minnesota State Highway 15 is a 154.322-mile-long (248.357 km) highway in south-central and central Minnesota, which runs from Iowa Highway 15 at the Iowa state line and continues north to its northern terminus at its interchange with U.S. Highway 10 outside of Sartell and Sauk Rapids, north of St. Cloud.

Minnesota State Highway 30 (MN 30) is a 265.503-mile-long (427.286 km) highway in southwest and southeast Minnesota, which runs from South Dakota Highway 34 at the South Dakota state line near Airlie, west of Pipestone, and continues to its eastern terminus at its intersection with Minnesota Highway 43 in Rushford.

Airports

St. James Municipal Airport

St. James Municipal Airport is a public airport located three miles east of the central business district St. James, Minnesota in Watonwan County, MN. It serves general aviation for St. James and the surrounding area. There is currently no scheduled air service.

Adjacent counties

Protected areas [7]

  • Bergdahl State Wildlife Management Area
  • Lewisville State Wildlife Management Area
  • Turtle Marsh State Wildlife Management Area
  • Wilson State Wildlife Management Area
  • Woodlake State Wildlife Management Area

Lakes [7]

  • Bergdahl Lake
  • Bullhead Lake
  • Butterfield Lake
  • Case Lake
  • Cottonwood Lake
  • Ewy Lake
  • Fedji Lake
  • Irish Lake
  • Long Lake
  • Mary Lake
  • Mud Lake
  • Kansas Lake
  • Saint James Lake
  • School Lake
  • Sulem Lake
  • Wilson Lake ("School Lake" in some records)
  • Wood Lake (part)

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 2,426
1880 5,104110.4%
1890 7,74651.8%
1900 11,49648.4%
1910 11,332−1.4%
1920 12,4579.9%
1930 12,8022.8%
1940 13,9028.6%
1950 13,881−0.2%
1960 14,4604.2%
1970 13,298−8.0%
1980 12,361−7.0%
1990 11,682−5.5%
2000 11,8761.7%
2010 11,211−5.6%
Est. 201810,980 [11] −2.1%
US Decennial Census [12]
1790-1960 [13] 1900-1990 [14]
1990-2000 [15] 2010-2018 [2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data USA Watonwan County, Minnesota age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 11,876 people, 4,627 households, and 3,141 families in the county. The population density was 27.3/sqmi (10.5/km²). There were 5,036 housing units at an average density of 11.6/sqmi (4.47/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.54% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 8.78% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 15.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.9% were of German, 17.3% Norwegian and 5.8% Swedish ancestry.

There were 4,627 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.10.

The county population contained 27.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,441, and the median income for a family was $42,321. Males had a median income of $29,242 versus $19,788 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,413. About 7.80% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.50% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics

Watonwan County voters tend to vote Republican. In two-thirds of national elections since 1980 the county has selected the Republican Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 55.4%2,76836.3% 1,8148.3% 416
2012 48.9%2,51748.5% 2,4942.6% 133
2008 48.0% 2,52648.7%2,5623.2% 170
2004 53.2%2,97045.0% 2,5141.8% 99
2000 49.9%2,56244.0% 2,2586.1% 314
1996 37.7% 1,99747.9%2,53414.4% 760
1992 33.5% 1,87137.7%2,10028.8% 1,607
1988 52.1%2,82147.0% 2,5440.9% 50
1984 59.0%3,52640.6% 2,4250.5% 27
1980 55.1%3,62937.1% 2,4427.8% 516
1976 50.3%3,35147.7% 3,1772.0% 134
1972 63.4%3,96035.7% 2,2291.0% 62
1968 53.6%3,44642.0% 2,7014.4% 286
1964 43.8% 2,82356.1%3,6150.1% 7
1960 63.3%4,17336.6% 2,4120.2% 10
1956 67.6%3,96332.2% 1,8860.2% 12
1952 72.0%4,54927.7% 1,7520.2% 15
1948 45.3% 2,58153.3%3,0391.4% 78
1944 57.3%3,14642.3% 2,3240.4% 23
1940 55.3%3,47844.3% 2,7830.5% 28
1936 33.4% 1,93063.6%3,6683.0% 174
1932 39.6% 1,91957.7%2,7952.7% 129
1928 69.7%3,30629.8% 1,4120.6% 26
1924 53.6%2,2976.5% 27939.9% 1,712
1920 81.4%3,51015.0% 6473.6% 155
1916 59.9%1,30036.9% 8013.1% 68
1912 12.2% 25429.7% 61858.0%1,206
1908 70.4%1,41126.8% 5372.8% 55
1904 80.0%1,45516.9% 3073.2% 58
1900 71.9%1,50924.3% 5093.8% 80
1896 72.0%1,62226.0% 5862.0% 45
1892 62.7%93426.0% 38811.3% 168

See also

Footnotes

  1. "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 165.
  5. Upham, Warren. Minnesota Geographic Names (1920), pp. 547-76 (accessed 22 April 2019)
  6. Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65-67. ISBN   978-0-615-50320-2.
  7. 1 2 3 Watonwan County MN Google Maps (accessed 22 April 2019)
  8. "Find an Altitude/Watonwan County MN" Google Maps (accessed 22 April 2019)
  9. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  10. Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth ME: DeLorme. 1994. pp. 21–22. ISBN   0-89933-222-6.
  11. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  12. "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  13. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  14. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  15. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  16. Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 October 2018.

Further reading

Coordinates: 43°59′N94°37′W / 43.98°N 94.61°W / 43.98; -94.61

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