Avondale, New South Wales

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Avondale
Wollongong,  New South Wales
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
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Avondale
Coordinates 34°31′36″S150°43′56″E / 34.52667°S 150.73222°E / -34.52667; 150.73222 Coordinates: 34°31′36″S150°43′56″E / 34.52667°S 150.73222°E / -34.52667; 150.73222
Population1,653 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 2500
LGA(s) City of Wollongong
State electorate(s) Kiama
Federal Division(s) Whitlam
Suburbs around Avondale:
Huntley Cleveland
Avon Avondale Yallah
Marshall Mount

Avondale is a village in New South Wales. It is located just west of Lake Illawarra. [2] At the 2016 census, it had a population of 1,653. [1]

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Lake Illawarra lake in New South Wales, Australia

Lake Illawarra, an open and trained intermediate wave dominated barrier estuary or large coastal lagoon, is located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, situated about 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of Sydney, Australia.

Contents

History

In the early days Avondale had some fine cedar trees. A creek flowing through the land grant 'Avondale' became known as 'American Creek' after the American cedar cutters who cleared the land along it. In 1857 some traces of kerosene were found in the creek and shale was found on the mountain. In 1863 Edward and William Graham rented part of the Avondale estate and their brother had shale from their farm tested by the Government Analyst. "This test proved so satisfactory that he decided to open a shale mine and manufacture kerosene". (Cousins 1994, p. 182) See the Mount Kembla page for details on the Kerosene Works at American Creek.

Mount Kembla Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Mount Kembla is a suburb and a mountain in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia.

Alpacas

In 1866 fourteen alpacas were purchased by one of the Osbornes. They travelled from Wingello in the highlands down the Bong Bong Road and seven weeks later were "now depasturing at Avondale, and apparently doing very well." (McDonald 1976, p. 41) Gradually the flock depleted due to the need for attention and lack of acclimatization and by 1880 all traces of the imported alpacas had gone.

Avondale farms

Avondale was part of Henry Osborne's large estate and dairying was its primary industry. See the Yallah history page for more information on early dairying in Avondale and Yallah.

Yallah, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Yallah is a western suburb in the City of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia, located on the western shore of Lake Illawarra. It contains a mixture of rural, commercial and light industrial areas.

In 1893, Henry Hill Osborne's executors put up the 'Avondale' farms for sale and most were sold at a price of 14 pounds per acre. Some of the purchasers included Thomas Armstrong, C. Heininger, George Thomas, James Dawes and E.R. Evans (McDonald 1976).

Coal mining

In 1911 Avondale mine was opened by the Illawarra Steam and Coal Company Limited. Four and a half miles of railway was to be built to the colliery ( Illawarra Mercury , 1911). This colliery mined the Tongarra and Wongawilli coal seams, it closed in 1920 only to be reopened in 1939. It closed again in 1982 due to a loss of contract to supply coal to the Port Kembla Steelworks.

The Illawarra Mercury is published from Monday to Friday with a weekend edition published on Saturday, in Wollongong, the third largest city in the State of New South Wales, Australia. It has been published since 1855, making it one of Australia's oldest newspapers and the second oldest regional newspaper in New South Wales. It has been published daily since December 1949, and has had no local daily competition since the 1960s. It has strong links to the Illawarra community.

Huntley Colliery was a new colliery developed by the Joint Coal Board in 1952. It was purchased in 1951 by the Board and the Federal Government to meet the requirements of the new Tallawarra Power Station under construction (South Coast Times, 1952). Prior to its closure in 1989 about 2,300 tons of coal was mined a day at Huntley which worked the Wongawilli and Tongarra coal seams.

Population

At the 2016 census, Avondale had a population of 1,653. 78.8% of people were born in Australia. The most next common country of birth was England at 6.4%. 88.0% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 25.5%, Catholic 23.8% and Anglican 23.7%. [1]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Avondale (NSW)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 July 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "Avondale". Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . New South Wales Government . Retrieved 17 July 2017.