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|Chassis||Single-seater, tubular frame|
|Suspension (front)||Double wishbones, transverse semi-elliptic leaf spring, lever arm shock absorber|
|Suspension (rear)||De Dion axle, twin-trailing arms, transverse semi-elliptic leaf spring, lever arm shock absorber|
|Axle track||Front: 1,308 mm (51.5 in) |
Rear: 1,245 mm (49.0 in)
|Wheelbase||2,197 mm (86.5 in)|
|Engine||Lampredi 1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) L4 naturally aspirated, front engine, longitudinally mounted|
|Transmission||Ferrari 4-speed manual|
|Weight||560 kg (1,230 lb)|
|Tyres|| Pirelli |
|Notable entrants|| Scuderia Ferrari |
Scuderia Centro Sud
|Notable drivers|| Alberto Ascari |
|Debut||1952 Swiss Grand Prix|
|n.b. Unless otherwise stated, all data refer to|
Formula One World Championship Grands Prix only.
The Ferrari 500 was a Formula 2 racing car designed by Aurelio Lampredi and used by Ferrari in 1952 and 1953, when the World Championship was run to F2 regulations.
For 1952, the FIA announced that Grand Prix races counting towards the World Championship of Drivers would be run to Formula 2 specification rather than to Formula 1, after the withdrawal of Alfa Romeo from the sport. Ferrari were the only team to have a car specifically designed for the new formula. The car was powered by an inline four-cylinder engine which was mounted behind the front axle, improving weight distribution. Alberto Ascari used the car to win his first world championship, winning all but one race with the simple 500. The race he missed was because he was driving the 4.5-litre Ferrari at the Indianapolis 500, however Ferrari won the race he was absent from as well. The following season, Ascari won his second world championship, and Ferrari won all but the final race, which was won by Juan Manuel Fangio, back in racing after an accident which had damaged his neck.
Ascari won seven consecutive World Championship races in the 500, a record which stood until Sebastian Vettel broke it in 2013. If the 1953 Indianapolis 500 (which was run to a different formula, and in which Ascari was not entered) is discounted, the run is extended to nine.
For the 1954 season and the return to Formula One engine regulations, Ferrari 500 chassis were modified for the new regulations with the 2.5-litre 625 engine and would win two more races, one each in 1954 and 1955, although it was not quite fast enough compared to the Mercedes-Benz W196 and Maserati 250F. Despite two new models appearing during this period the 625 was not completely replaced until 1956 when Ferrari began using the D50 chassis Ferrari purchased along with the Lancia Formula One team.In May 1955, Maurice Trintignant had won the Monte Carlo GP for the first time for Ferrari.
The 625 F1 Lampredi inline-four engine displaced 2498.32 cc and could produce between 210–230 PS (154–169 kW; 207–227 hp) at 7000 rpm with two Weber 50DCO carburettors. The car had an independent front suspension and de Dion axle at the rear. Transverse leaf-springs and Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers were used on both ends.
(This table contains results of Ferrari works cars; privateer results can be found here)
(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)
|1952||500||500 2.0 L4||P||SUI||500||BEL||FRA||GBR||GER||NED||ITA||n/a1||n/a1|
|1953||500||500 2.0 L4||P||ARG||500||NED||BEL||FRA||GBR||GER||SUI||ITA||n/a1||n/a1|
|Luigi Villoresi||2||Ret||2||6||Ret||8 2||6||3|
A straight-four engine is a four-cylinder piston engine where cylinders are arranged in a line along a common crankshaft.
Alberto Ascari was an Italian racing driver and twice Formula One World Champion. He was a multitalented racer who competed in motorcycle racing before switching to cars. Ascari won consecutive world titles in 1952 and 1953 for Scuderia Ferrari. He was the team's first World Champion and the last Italian to date to win the title. This was sandwiched by an appearance in the 1952 Indianapolis 500. Ascari also won the Mille Miglia in 1954. Ascari was noted for the careful precision and finely-judged accuracy that made him one of the safest drivers in a most dangerous era.
The Cooper Car Company is a British car manufacturer founded in December 1947 by Charles Cooper and his son John Cooper. Together with John's boyhood friend, Eric Brandon, they began by building racing cars in Charles's small garage in Surbiton, Surrey, England, in 1946. Through the 1950s and early 1960s they reached motor racing's highest levels as their rear-engined, single-seat cars competed in both Formula One and the Indianapolis 500, and their Mini Cooper dominated rally racing. The Cooper name lives on in the Cooper versions of the Mini production cars that are built in England, but is now owned and marketed by BMW.
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