2015 in paleontology

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Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek : paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life form s on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossil s. [1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks ( ichnites ), burrow s, cast-off parts, fossilised feces ( coprolite s), palynomorph s and chemical residue s. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science . This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2015.

Paleontology Scientific study of prehistoric life

Paleontology, sometimes spelled palaeontology is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch. It includes the study of fossils to determine organisms' evolution and interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as the 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier's work on comparative anatomy, and developed rapidly in the 19th century. The term itself originates from Greek παλαιός, palaios, "old, ancient", ὄν, on, "being, creature" and λόγος, logos, "speech, thought, study".

Ancient Greek Version of the Greek language used from roughly the 9th century BCE to the 6th century CE

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in Ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BCE to the 6th century CE. It is often roughly divided into the Archaic period, Classical period, and Hellenistic period. It is antedated in the second millennium BCE by Mycenaean Greek and succeeded by medieval Greek.

Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools c. 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems. The earliest writing systems appeared c. 5,300 years ago, but it took thousands of years for writing to be widely adopted, and it was not used in some human cultures until the 19th century or even until the present. The end of prehistory therefore came at very different dates in different places, and the term is less often used in discussing societies where prehistory ended relatively recently.

Contents

Plants

Cnidarians

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Acropora darrellae [2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Santodomingo, Wallace & Johnson

Miocene

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A staghorn coral, a species of Acropora .

Acropora elenae [2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Santodomingo, Wallace & Johnson

Miocene

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A staghorn coral, a species of Acropora .

Acropora emanuelae [2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Santodomingo, Wallace & Johnson

Miocene

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A staghorn coral, a species of Acropora .

Acropora hasibuani [2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Santodomingo, Wallace & Johnson

Miocene

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A staghorn coral, a species of Acropora .

Acropora laurae [2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Santodomingo, Wallace & Johnson

Late Oligocene

Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia

A staghorn coral, a species of Acropora .

Acropora renemai [2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Santodomingo, Wallace & Johnson

Miocene

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A staghorn coral, a species of Acropora .

Actinaraea michoacanensis [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (early Aptian)

Cumburindio Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Actinacididae, a species of Actinaraea .

Actinastrea chumbitaroensis [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Actinastraeidae, a species of Actinastrea .

Australastraea [4]

Gen. et comb. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Denayer & Webb

Carboniferous (Mississippian)

Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Lithostrotionidae. A new genus for "Lithostrotion" columnare Etheridge (1900); genus also contains "Orionastraea" columellaris Pickett (1966), "Lithostrotion" parvicolumnare Pickett (1966), "Lithostrotion" wilkinsoni Pickett (1966) and "Orionastraea" flemingi Webb (1990), as well as new species Australastraea arcifera and Australastraea carinata.

Axisvacuus tenerus [5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Antiphyllidae, a species of Axisvacuus .

Birkenmajerites [5]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Ostravaiaidae. The type species is Birkenmajerites primus.

Cairnsipsammia [6]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baron-Szabo

Early Cretaceous (late Barremian–early Aptian)

Schrattenkalk Formation

Flag of Austria.svg  Austria

A stony coral belonging to the family Dendrophylliidae. The type species is C. merbeleri.

Chekhovichia [7]

Nom. nov

Valid

Doweld

Late Silurian

Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan

An anthozoan belonging to the group Heliolitoidea and the family Innaporidae; a replacement name for Rotalites Leleshus (1970).

Chelmia [5]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida. The type species is Chelmia radiata.

Cionodendron smithi [4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Denayer & Webb

Carboniferous (early Viséan)

Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Lithostrotionidae; a species of Cionodendron.

Craspedophyllia japonica [8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Stanley & Onoue

Late Triassic

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A stony coral belonging to the family Reimaniphylliidae, a species of Craspedophyllia .

Crassialveolites niigataensis [9]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko, Ibaraki & Tazawa

Devonian

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A tabulate coral belonging to the family Alveolitidae.

Crateroseris stefani [10]

Sp. nov

Valid

Eliášová

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Štramberk Limestone

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A stony coral belonging to the family Synastraeidae, a species of Crateroseris .

Cryptosepta [11]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gretz, Lathuilière & Martini

Early Jurassic (Hettangian)

Flag of France.svg  France

A zardinophyllid coral. The type species is Cryptosepta nuda.

Dendrophyllia okamotoi [12]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko, Suzuki & Taguchi

Miocene

Katsuta Group

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A species of Dendrophyllia .

Echinophyllia sassellensis [13]

Sp. nov

Valid [14]

Budd & Bosellini

Oligocene

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

Eocolumastrea [15]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Löser & Zell

Cretaceous

Flag of Romania.svg  Romania

A stony coral belonging to the group Faviina and the family Columastraeidae. A new genus for "Columnocoenia" ksiazkiewiczi bucovinensis Morycowa (1971) (raised to the rank of a separate species Eocolumastrea bucovinensis)

Eokoninckocarinia gemmina [16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Denayer

Carboniferous (Mississippian)

Yaricak Formation

Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida, possibly a member of the family Koninckocariniidae.

Goniophyllum osloense [17]

Sp. nov

Valid

Johannessen in Wright

Silurian (late Telychian)

Vik Formation

Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

An operculate coral, a species of Goniophyllum .

Guembelastraea kanmerae [8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Stanley & Onoue

Late Triassic

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A stony coral belonging to the family Guembelastraeidae, a species of Guembelastraea .

Halucinophyllia [10]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Eliášová

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Štramberk Limestone

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A stony coral belonging to the family Latomeandridae. The type species is Halucinophyllia subridens.

Heteropistophyllum carchensis [18]

Sp. nov

Valid

Löser, Arias & Vilas

Early Cretaceous (Aptian and Albian)

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A stony coral belonging to the family Elasmocoeniidae, a species of Heteropistophyllum .

Isopora matahari [2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Santodomingo, Wallace & Johnson

Miocene

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A staghorn coral, a species of Isopora .

Latiphyllia mexicana [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Montlivaltiidae, a species of Latiphyllia .

Leleshusia [19]

Nom. nov

Valid

Doweld

Late Ordovician

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan

An anthozoan belonging to the group Heliolitoidea; a replacement name for Granulina Leleshus (1975).

Margarosmilia mizukamia [8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Stanley & Onoue

Late Triassic

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A stony coral belonging to the family Margarophylliidae, a species of Margarosmilia .

Mycetophyllopsis azteca [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Montlivaltiidae, a species of Mycetophyllopsis .

Munusculum [10]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Eliášová

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Štramberk Limestone

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A stony coral belonging to the suborder Microsolenina. The type species is Munusculum martinaseki.

Nervophyllum lukoviensis [5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Aulophyllidae, a species of Nervophyllum .

Nudacolumastrea [15]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Löser & Zell

Cretaceous

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A stony coral belonging to the group Faviina and the family Columastraeidae. The type species is Nudacolumastrea stefani.

Occulogermen [5]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Lithostrotionidae. The type species is Occulogermen luciae.

Orbignygyra? incognita [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Dendrogyridae, possibly a species of Orbignygyra .

Ovalastrea malpaso [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Latomeandridae, a species of Ovalastrea .

Paraclausastrea vorarlbergensis [20]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baron-Szabo

Early Cretaceous (late Barremian-early Aptian)

Schrattenkalk Formation

Flag of Austria.svg  Austria

A montlivaltiid stony coral, a species of Paraclausastrea .

Paracycloseris effrenatus [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Cunnolitidae, a species of Paracycloseris .

Paraleptoria [13]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid [14]

Budd & Bosellini

Eocene (Lutetian) to Oligocene (Rupelian)

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

A new genus for "Meandrina" polygonalis Catullo (1856); genus also includes "Diploria" flexuosissima d'Achiardi (1868).

Parascolymia bracherti [21]

Sp. nov

Valid

Reuter in Reuter, Wiedl & Piller

Miocene (Langhian‒early Serravallian)

Leitha Limestone

Flag of Austria.svg  Austria

A stony coral belonging to the family Lobophylliidae, a species of Parascolymia .

Pickettodendron [4]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid

Denayer & Webb

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Lithostrotionidae. A new genus for "Lithostrotion" williamsi Pickett (1966); genus also contains "Schoenophyllum" dalmaensis Webb (1990), as well as new species Pickettodendron nudum.

Preverastraea coatlicueae [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Rhipidogyridae, a species of Preverastraea .

Preverastraea tociae [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Rhipidogyridae, a species of Preverastraea .

Pseudoroemeripora sugimurai [22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko, Fujikawa & Haikawa

Permian

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A tabulate coral.

Retiophyllia tosaensis [8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Stanley & Onoue

Late Triassic

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A stony coral belonging to the family Reimaniphylliidae, a species of Retiophyllia .

Rotiphyllum plumeum [5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Antiphyllidae, a species of Rotiphyllum .

Sakalavastraea perturbata [23]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lösser & Sklenář

Late Cretaceous (late Cenomanian)

Peruc-Korycany Formation

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A stony coral belonging to the group Faviina.

Saltocyathus cumburindioensis [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (early Aptian)

Cumburindio Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Rhipidogyridae, a species of Saltocyathus .

Sclerangia [24]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baron-Szabo & Cairns

Miocene

Chipola Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A rhizangiid stony coral. The type species is Sclerangia floridana.

?Sochkineophyllum symmetricum [5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Polycoeliidae, possibly a species of Sochkineophyllum .

Sylviella [10]

Gen. et comb. et 4 sp. nov

Valid

Eliášová

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Štramberk Limestone

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A stony coral belonging to the suborder Caryophylliina. The type species is "Haplaraea" columnaris Ogilvie (1897); genus also contains new species Sylviella exquisita, Sylviella multisepta, Sylviella noveni and Sylviella benjamin.

Sylviellopsis [10]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Eliášová

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Štramberk Limestone

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A stony coral belonging to the suborder Caryophylliina. The type species is Sylviellopsis erici.

Tegocoenia [10]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Eliášová

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Štramberk Limestone

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A stony coral belonging to the family Placophylliidae. The type species is "Diplocoenia" jasenica Frajová (1960).

Thalamocaeniopsis mexicanensis [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Thamnasteriidae, a species of Thalamocaeniopsis .

Thamnarea hornosensis [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (early Aptian)

Cumburindio Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Actinacididae, a species of Thamnarea .

Thamnasteria tonantzinae [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Thamnasteriidae, a species of Thamnasteria .

Thamnasteriamorpha okudai [8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Stanley & Onoue

Late Triassic

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A stony coral belonging to the family Tropiastraeidae, a species of Thamnasteriamorpha .

Thecosmilia guerreroensis [3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Filkorn & Pantoja-Alor

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

Mal Paso Formation

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

A stony coral belonging to the family Montlivaltiidae, a species of Thecosmilia .

Variabilifavia ausuganensis [13]

Sp. nov

Valid [14]

Budd & Bosellini

Oligocene (late Rupelian–early Chattian)

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

Yakunopora mabutii [25]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko

Permian (Wordian)

Iwaizaki Limestone

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A tabulate coral belonging to the group Favositida and the family Pachyporidae.

Zaphrentites rotiphylloides [5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Stereophrentidae, a species of Zaphrentites .

Zaphriphyllum daleki [26]

Sp. nov

Valid

Denayer

Carboniferous (late Tournaisian)

Yılanlı Formation

Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey

A rugose coral belonging to the family Ekvasophyllidae, a species of Zaphriphyllum .

Zaphrufimia anceps [5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (early Serpukhovian)

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A rugose coral belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Stereophrentidae, a species of Zaphrufimia .

Arthropods

Bryozoans

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Acantholunaria [27]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Munnecke & Oswald

Silurian (early Wenlock)

Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden

A cystoporate bryozoan. The type species is Acantholunaria expansa.

Adeonellopsis incompta [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An adeonid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Adeonellopsis .

Amphiblestrum paleogenicum [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A calloporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Amphiblestrum .

Amplexopora crassiparietum [30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst & Nakrem

Silurian (Wenlock)

Steinsfjorden Formation

Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

An amplexoporid trepostome bryozoan, a species of Amplexopora .

Amplexopora evae [30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst & Nakrem

Silurian (Wenlock)

Steinsfjorden Formation

Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

An amplexoporid trepostome bryozoan, a species of Amplexopora .

Andreella dubia [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A microporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Andreella .

Anaphragma undulata [31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jiménez-Sánchez, Vennin & Villas

Ordovician (late Katian)

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A trepostomate bryozoan, a species of Anaphragma .

Aostipora elongata [32]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jiménez-Sánchez in Jiménez-Sánchez, Villas & Vennin

Ordovician (late Katian)

Khabt-el-Hajar Formation

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A trepostomate bryozoan, a species of Aostipora .

Arachnopusia dimorpha [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An arachnopusiid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Arachnopusia .

Arthropoma renipora [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A lacernid schizoporelloid bryozoan, a species of Arthropoma .

Aspidostoma clava [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An aspidostomatid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Aspidostoma .

Aspidostoma gelasinus [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An aspidostomatid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Aspidostoma .

Aspidostoma twinn [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An aspidostomatid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Aspidostoma .

Atactoporella moroccoensis [31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jiménez-Sánchez, Vennin & Villas

Ordovician (late Katian)

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A trepostomate bryozoan, a species of Atactoporella .

Baculopora redondensis [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Acanthocladiidae; a species of Baculopora .

Bryopesanser bragai [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian to Serravallian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

An escharinid schizoporelloid bryozoan, a species of Bryopesanser .

Bryopesanser sanfilippoae [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (Burdigalian-Langhian boundary to Serravallian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

An escharinid schizoporelloid bryozoan, a species of Bryopesanser .

Buffonellaria sagittaria [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A celleporid celleporoid bryozoan, a species of Buffonellaria .

Caberoides gordoni [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A catenicellid bryozoan, a species of Caberoides .

Cavernella asturica [35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Ernst

Devonian

Moniello Formation

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of the family Fenestellidae.

Celiopsis [36]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Zágoršek, Gordon & Vávra

Eocene to Oligocene

Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A chlidoniopsid cheilostome bryozoan. The type species is Celiopsis vici; genus also contains "Crisidia" vindobonensis Reuss (1847) and "Chlidoniopsis" vavrai Zágoršek (2003).

Cellaria bicuspidata [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A cellariid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Cellaria .

Cellaria gigas [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A cellariid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Cellaria .

Cellaria inarticulata [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A cellariid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Cellaria .

Cellaria palatum [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A cellariid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Cellaria .

Chaperiopsis cookae [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A chaperiid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Chaperiopsis .

Chataimulosia revelator [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A lepraliellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Chataimulosia .

Cladobryopastor [28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A bryopastorid cheilostome bryozoan. The type species is Cladobryopastor philipi.

Conopeum stamenocelloides [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A cheilostome bryozoan. Originally described as a species of Conopeum ; Dick, Sakamoto & Komatsu (2018) transferred this species to the genus Kenocharixa. [37]

Curvipora [27]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Munnecke & Oswald

Silurian (early Wenlock)

Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden

A cystoporate bryozoan. The type species is Curvipora monostylata.

Cyphotrypa regularis [32]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jiménez-Sánchez in Jiménez-Sánchez, Villas & Vennin

Ordovician (late Katian)

Khabt-el-Hajar Formation

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A trepostomate bryozoan, a species of Cyphotrypa .

Cystodictya gallensis [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A cystoporate bryozoan belonging to the family Cystodictyonidae; a species of Cystodictya .

Dactylostega spiralis [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A foveolariid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Dactylostega .

Diedropora [28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An adeonoid cheilostome bryozoan. The type species is Diedropora gravabilis.

Dybowskiella piriforme [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A cystoporate bryozoan belonging to the family Fistuliporidae; a species of Dybowskiella .

Dybowskiella rotunda [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A cystoporate bryozoan belonging to the family Fistuliporidae; a species of Dybowskiella .

Dyscritella ornata [38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova, Ernst & Poty

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Namur-Dinant Basin

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

Dyscritella perforata [39]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova et al.

Devonian (latest Famennian)

Comblain-au-Pont Formation

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

A dyscritellid trepostome bryozoan, a species of Dyscritella .

Eridopora suarezi [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A cystoporate bryozoan belonging to the family Fistuliporidae; a species of Eridopora .

Exechonella chathamensis [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An exechonellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Exechonella .

Exochella abigailae [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A romancheinid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Exochella .

Exochella linearis [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A romancheinid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Exochella .

Exochella reidae [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A romancheinid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Exochella .

Exochella woodae [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A romancheinid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Exochella .

Fabifenestella macrofenestrata [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Fenestellidae; a species of Fabifenestella .

?Filaguria kalimantanensis [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (Serravallian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A cribrilinid bryozoan, possibly a species of Filaguria .

Fistulipora tolokonnikovae [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A cystoporate bryozoan belonging to the family Fistuliporidae; a species of Fistulipora .

Floridina elegans [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An onychocellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Floridina .

Gephyrotes moissettei [40]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Rosso

Miocene (Tortonian)

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

A member of Ascophora belonging to the family Cribrilinidae.

Gigantopora milenae [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (Serravallian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A gigantoporid schizoporelloid bryozoan, a species of Gigantopora .

Gigantopora grandis [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A gigantoporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Gigantopora .

Gigantopora modesta [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A gigantoporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Gigantopora .

Gorjunopora [34]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Acanthocladiidae. The type species is Gorjunopora gallica; genus also includes Gorjunopora triangulata (Schulga-Nesterenko, 1955).

Hemicyclopora dissidens [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A romancheinid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Hemicyclopora .

Hemicyclopora ventricosa [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A romancheinid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Hemicyclopora .

Heminematopora gaetula [41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Jiménez-Sánchez & Baidder

Ordovician (Katian)

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A species of Heminematopora .

Hemitrypa adversa [35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Ernst

Devonian

Moniello Formation

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of the family Fenestellidae.

Hemitrypa terentei [35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Ernst

Devonian

Moniello Formation

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of the family Fenestellidae.

Heteropora scholzi [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A cerioporid cyclostome bryozoan, a species of Heteropora .

Heterotrypa ringerikense [30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst & Nakrem

Silurian (Wenlock)

Steinsfjorden Formation

Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

A heterotrypid trepostome bryozoan, a species of Heterotrypa .

?Hippomenella devatasae [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A romancheinid lepralielloid bryozoan, possibly a species of Hippomenella .

?Hippomenella uniserialis [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A romancheinid lepralielloid bryozoan, possibly a species of Hippomenella .

Hippopleurifera barbosae [42]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ramalho et al.

Miocene

Pirabas Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the superfamily Lepralielloidea and the family Romancheneidae, a species of Hippopleurifera .

Hippopleurifera confusa [42]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ramalho et al.

Miocene

Pirabas Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the superfamily Lepralielloidea and the family Romancheneidae, a species of Hippopleurifera .

Hippopodina indicata [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian to Langhian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A hippopodinid schizoporelloid bryozoan, a species of Hippopodina .

Hyporosopora nana [43]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wilson, Bosch & Taylor

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Matmor Formation

Flag of Israel.svg  Israel

A plagioeciid cyclostome bryozoan, a species of Hyporosopora .

Hyporosopora negevensis [43]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wilson, Bosch & Taylor

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Matmor Formation

Flag of Israel.svg  Israel

A plagioeciid cyclostome bryozoan, a species of Hyporosopora .

Idmonea snehi [43]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wilson, Bosch & Taylor

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Matmor Formation

Flag of Israel.svg  Israel

A multisparsid cyclostome bryozoan, a species of Idmonea .

Illusiopora [28]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A schizoporelloid cheilostome bryozoan. The type species is Illusiopora bifax; genus also contains Illusiopora recta.

Isostylus veserensis [44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Tolokonnikova & Denayer

Devonian (late Frasnian)

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

A species of Isostylus .

Lacerna ordinaria [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A lacernid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Lacerna .

Lagenipora sciutoi [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A celleporid celleporoid bryozoan, a species of Lagenipora .

Lenapora gurievensis [45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A rhabdomesid bryozoan, a species of Lenapora .

Leptotrypa enodis [27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Munnecke & Oswald

Silurian (early Wenlock)

Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden

A trepostome bryozoan, a species of Leptotrypa .

Leptotrypa hexagona [38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova, Ernst & Poty

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Namur-Dinant Basin

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

Leptotrypa perforata [27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Munnecke & Oswald

Silurian (early Wenlock)

Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden

A trepostome bryozoan, a species of Leptotrypa .

Macrocamera obesa [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An eminooeciid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Macrocamera .

Margaretta amitabhae [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (Burdigalian-Langhian boundary to Serravallian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A margarettid schizoporelloid bryozoan, a species of Margaretta .

Marssonopora connexa [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A calloporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Marssonopora .

Mediaporina kiaeri [30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst & Nakrem

Silurian (Wenlock)

Steinsfjorden Formation

Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

An arthrostylid cryptostome bryozoan, a species of Mediaporina .

Megacanthopora enodata [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A member of Cryptostomata belonging to the family Rhomboporidae; a species of Megacanthopora .

Melychocella bilamellata [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An aspidostomatid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Melychocella .

Melychocella obliqua [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An aspidostomatid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Melychocella .

Mesenteripora jamesi [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A plagioeciid cyclostome bryozoan, a species of Mesenteripora .

Microeciella yoavi [43]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wilson, Bosch & Taylor

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Matmor Formation

Flag of Israel.svg  Israel

An oncousoeciid cyclostome bryozoan, a species of Microeciella .

Micropora chathamica [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A microporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Micropora .

Monticulipora globulata [31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jiménez-Sánchez, Vennin & Villas

Ordovician (late Katian)

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A trepostomate bryozoan, a species of Monticulipora .

Monticulipora irregularis [31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jiménez-Sánchez, Vennin & Villas

Ordovician (late Katian)

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A trepostomate bryozoan, a species of Monticulipora .

Moyanopora [28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An arachnopusiid cheilostome bryozoan. The type species is Moyanopora hugoi.

Multescharellina pisiformis [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A lepraliellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Multescharellina .

Myriapora sciutoi [46]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rosso & Di Martino

Miocene (Tortonian and Messinian) to Pleistocene (Gelasian)

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A member of Neocheilostomina belonging to the family Myriaporidae; a species of Myriapora .

Nematopora rara [45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A rhabdomesid bryozoan, a species of Nematopora .

Nikiforovastylus [39]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova et al.

Devonian (latest Famennian)

Comblain-au-Pont Formation

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

A nikiforovellid cryptostome bryozoan. The type species is Nikiforovastylus ourthensis.

Nikiforovella dinantia [39]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova et al.

Devonian (latest Famennian)

Comblain-au-Pont Formation

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

A nikiforovellid cryptostome bryozoan, a species of Nikiforovella .

Nikiforovella tobolensis [47]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

Ogiva ellinorvoigtae [48]

Sp. nov

Valid [49]

Martha et al.

Cretaceous (middle Santonian)

Gehrden Formation

Flag of Germany.svg  Germany

An onychocellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Ogiva .

Onychocella exilis [50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Koromyslova & Shcherbinina

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan

An onychocellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Onychocella .

Onychocella subtriangulata [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An onychocellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Onychocella .

Orthopora worsleyi [30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst & Nakrem

Silurian (Wenlock)

Steinsfjorden Formation

Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

A rhabdomesid cryptostome bryozoan, a species of Orthopora .

Osthimosia aurora [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A celleporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Osthimosia .

Osthimosia curiosa [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A celleporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Osthimosia .

Oviexechonella [33]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (Serravallian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

An exechonellid arachnopusioid bryozoan. The type species is Oviexechonella digeronimoi.

Paracuneatopora egregia [45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A rhabdomesid bryozoan, a species of Paracuneatopora .

Paracuneatopora kuvaschensis [45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A rhabdomesid bryozoan, a species of Paracuneatopora .

Paranicklesopora ornaisa [38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova, Ernst & Poty

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Namur-Dinant Basin

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

Parvohallopora cystata [32]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jiménez-Sánchez in Jiménez-Sánchez, Villas & Vennin

Ordovician (late Katian)

Khabt-el-Hajar Formation

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A trepostomate bryozoan, a species of Parvohallopora .

Perkhurovella [51]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gorjunova

Carboniferous

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A diploporariine acanthocladiid bryozoan. The type species is Perkhurovella clara.

Phonicosia sinuosa [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A lacernid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Phonicosia .

Plagioecia zatoni [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A plagioeciid cyclostome bryozoan, a species of Plagioecia .

Platonea dilatata [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A tubuliporid cyclostome bryozoan, a species of Platonea .

Porella tiorioriensis [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A bryocryptellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Porella .

Porina turrita [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A porinid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Porina .

Primorella variata [47]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

Prophyllodictya simplex [52]

Sp. nov

Valid [53]

Ma et al.

Ordovician (early Tremadocian)

Nantzinkuan Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A cryptostome bryozoan, a species of Prophyllodictya .

Pseudobatostomella parva [39]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova et al.

Devonian (latest Famennian)

Comblain-au-Pont Formation

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

A dyscritellid trepostome bryozoan, a species of Pseudobatostomella .

Pseudothyracella campbelli [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A bryopastorid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Pseudothyracella .

Puellina bontangensis [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A cribrilinid bryozoan, a species of Puellina .

Pyrisinella primazelandiae [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A pyrisinellid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Pyrisinella .

Quasitrilaminopora [28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

An arachnopusiid cheilostome bryozoan. The type species is Quasitrilaminopora curiosa.

Radiotrypa alnifensis [41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Jiménez-Sánchez & Baidder

Ordovician (Katian)

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A species of Radiotrypa .

Rectifenestella covae [35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Ernst

Devonian

Moniello Formation

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of the family Fenestellidae.

Reptadeonella curvabilis [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

An adeonid bryozoan, a species of Reptadeonella .

Reptadeonella toddi [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian or early Langhian to Serravallian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

An adeonid bryozoan, a species of Reptadeonella .

Reteporella mediocris [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A phidoloporid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Reteporella .

Revalotrypa ramosa [41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Jiménez-Sánchez & Baidder

Ordovician (Katian)

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

A species of Revalotrypa .

Saevitella renemai [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A hippopodinid schizoporelloid bryozoan, a species of Saevitella .

Saffordotaxis spinigerus [38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova, Ernst & Poty

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Namur-Dinant Basin

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

Salairella [45]

Gen. et 5 sp. nov

Junior homonym

Mesentseva

Devonian

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A rhabdomesid bryozoan. Genus contains five species: S. petaloida, S. variabilis, S. maculata, S. baskuskanensis and S. recta. The generic name is a junior homonym of Salairella Khalfina (1961) and Salairella Severgina (1984).

Schizoretepora tamagawensis [54]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zágoršek, Takashima & Hirose

Miocene

Tanosawa Formation

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A member of Phidoloporidae, a species of Schizoretepora .

Sendinopora [33]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (Serravallian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A tessaradomid lepralielloid bryozoan. The type species is Sendinopora prima.

Siphonicytara litotes [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A siphonicytarid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Siphonicytara .

Siphonicytara primitiva [28]

Sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A siphonicytarid cheilostome bryozoan, a species of Siphonicytara .

Spinofenestella nodosa [38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova, Ernst & Poty

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Namur-Dinant Basin

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

Stellatotrypa [27]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Munnecke & Oswald

Silurian (early Wenlock)

Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden

A trepostome bryozoan. The type species is Stellatotrypa hirsuta.

Sulcoretepora regularis [47]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

Terepennipora [51]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Gorjunova

Carboniferous

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A diploporariine acanthocladiid bryozoan. A new genus for "Pinnatopora" longicellata Morozova (1955); genus also contains "Pinnatopora" volgensis Shishova (1959), "Pinnatopora" inconstans Shishova (1959), "Pinnatopora" subpunctata Shishova (1959) and "Pinnatopora" distincta Shishova (1950).

Trematopora maculata [30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst & Nakrem

Silurian (Wenlock)

Steinsfjorden Formation

Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

A trematoporid trepostome bryozoan, a species of Trematopora .

Triznotrypa potii [44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Tolokonnikova & Denayer

Devonian (late Frasnian)

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

A species of Triznotrypa .

Trypostega hasibuani [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A trypostegid hippothooid bryozoan, a species of Trypostega .

Tubiporella magnipora [33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Miocene (late Burdigalian)

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A didymosellid didymoselloid bryozoan, a species of Tubiporella .

Tumaiella [28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A calloporid cheilostome bryozoan. The type species is Tumaiella dieffenbachi.

Volgia deftera [34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst, Wyse Jackson & Aretz

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Flag of France.svg  France

A cystoporate bryozoan belonging to the family Hexagonellidae; a species of Volgia .

Zagorsekia [28]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid [29]

Gordon & Taylor

Early Eocene

Tumaio Limestone

Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

A tubuliporid cyclostome bryozoan; a new genus for "Heteropora" nodulosa MacGillivray (1895).

Brachiopods

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Alaskothyris [55]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Blodgett, Baranov & Santucci

Devonian (Givetian)

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A stringocephalid terebratulid brachiopod. The type species is Alaskothyris frosti.

Albasphe [56]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Halamski et al.

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia

A member of Terebratulida. The type species is Albasphe albertimagni.

Alexenia? delepinei [57]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chacón & Winkler Prins

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Productidae, possibly a species of Alexenia .

Amictocracens? brocki [58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov et al.

Cambrian

Parahio Formation

Flag of India.svg  India

A member of Acrotretida belonging to the family Acrotretidae, possibly a species of Amictocracens .

Aphelotreta khemangarensis [58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov et al.

Cambrian

Parahio Formation

Flag of India.svg  India

A member of Acrotretida belonging to the family Acrotretidae, a species of Aphelotreta .

Auriculispina kanmerai [59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tazawa & Shintani

Permian (Sakmarian)

Sakamotozawa Formation

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A member of Productida belonging to the family Kansuellidae.

Bifida rara [60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov

Devonian (Emsian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Atrypidae, a species of Bifida .

Bockelia canalis [61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Los Azules Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the superfamily Plectambonitoidea and the family Taffidae; a species of Bockelia .

Castrillonia [62]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde

Devonian

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Rhipidomellidae. The type species is C. vivaldiana.

Chilcorthis [61]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Los Azules Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Orthida belonging to the superfamily Plectorthoidea. The type species is Chilcorthis huarpe.

Chonetinetes elongatus [63]

Sp. nov

Valid

Afanasjeva, Jun-ichi & Tomohiko

Permian

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A member of Chonetida belonging to the family Rugosochonetidae, a species of Chonetinetes .

Chopinia [64]

Gen. et sp. nov

Junior homonym

García-Alcalde & Herrera

Devonian (late Lochkovian or the early Pragian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Athyridida belonging to the family Athyrididae. The type species is C. petercarlsi. The generic name is preoccupied by Chopinia d'Abrera (2001).

Chynithele intermedia [65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Jiménez-Sánchez

Devonian (late Emsian)

Daleje-Třebotov Formation

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A member of Discinidae, a species of Chynithele .

Copperella [60]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov

Devonian (Emsian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Atrypidae. The type species is Copperella kaskevichi.

Cyrtonotreta vasculata [61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Los Azules Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Acrotretida belonging to the family Acrotretidae; a species of Cyrtonotreta .

Dagyssia [66]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Gaetani & Mantovani

Triassic (Anisian)

Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China?

A mentzeliine mentzeliid brachiopod. The type species is "Spiriferina" palaeotypus Loretz (1875); genus might also contain "Mentzelia" multicostata Yang & Xu (1966).

Dalejina telemanni [62]

Sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde

Devonian

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Rhipidomellidae.

Drahanorhynchus gleniffensis [67]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mottequin, Sevastopulo & Simon

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Meenymore Formation

Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland

A member of Orthotetida belonging to the family Schuchertellidae.

Duartea latoresensis [57]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chacón & Winkler Prins

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Productidae, possibly a species of Duartea .

Eodmitria sezgini [68]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gourvennec & Hoşgör

Devonian (latest Givetian to early Frasnian)

Gümüșali Formation

Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Cyrtospiriferidae, a species of Eodmitria .

Eohadrotreta haydeni [58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov et al.

Cambrian

Parahio Formation

Flag of India.svg  India

A member of Acrotretida belonging to the family Acrotretidae, a species of Eohadrotreta .

Eucharitina bultyncki [64]

Sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde & Herrera

Devonian (early Lochkovian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Uncinulidae.

Eucharitina carlsi [64]

Sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde & Herrera

Devonian (early Pragian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Uncinulidae.

Eurytreta harringtoni [69]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Herrera in Mergl et al.

Late Cambrian

Lampazar Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

Evanidisinurostrum saouraense [70]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mottequin et al.

Devonian (Famennian)

Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria

A rhynchonellid brachiopod, a species of Evanidisinurostrum .

Hadrotreta timchristiorum [58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov et al.

Cambrian

Parahio Formation

Flag of India.svg  India

A member of Acrotretida belonging to the family Acrotretidae, a species of Hadrotreta .

Hibernodonta lakhensis [71]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Holmer & Baars in Popov et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

Chahgonbad Formation

Flag of Iran.svg  Iran

A rafinesquinid strophomenid brachiopod; a species of Hibernodonta .

Hindella prima [71]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Holmer & Baars in Popov et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

Chahgonbad Formation

Flag of Iran.svg  Iran

A meristellid athyridid brachiopod; a species of Hindella .

Inflatia ovetensis [57]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chacón & Winkler Prins

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Productidae, possibly a species of Inflatia .

Jafarirhynchus [72]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Popov et al.

Silurian (Telychian)

Niur Formation

Flag of Iran.svg  Iran

A rhynchotrematoid rhynchonellid brachiopod. The type species is Jafarirhynchus alatus.

Kerberellus [73]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Devaere, Holmer & Clausen in Devaere et al.

Cambrian (Terreneuvian)

Marcou Formation

Flag of France.svg  France

A mickwitziid-like stem-group brachiopod. The type species is Kerberellus marcouensis.

Kirkirhynchus [74]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (early Pragian)

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A trigonirhynchiid rhynchonellid brachiopod; a new genus for "Camarotoechia" reesidei Kirk & Amsden (1952).

Kosagittella robusta [65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Jiménez-Sánchez

Devonian (late Emsian)

Daleje-Třebotov Formation

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A member of Obolidae, a species of Kosagittella .

Ktenopotamorhynchus [75]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Sartenaer

Devonian (Lochkovian)

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine

A member of Rhynchonellida. The type species is "Rhynchonella" borealiformis Siemiradzki (1906); genus also includes "Plethorhyncha" altera (Barrande, 1879).

Kutorgina songshanensis [76]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liu et al.

Cambrian

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A species of Kutorgina.

Leptembolon argentinum [77]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto & Muñoz

Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Obolidae, a species of Leptembolon.

Libecoviella lenticularis [69]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Herrera in Mergl et al.

Late Cambrian

Lampazar Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

Libecoviella tilcarensis [77]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto & Muñoz

Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Obolidae, a species of Libecoviella.

Lingularia salymica [78]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smirnova in Smirnova et al.

Late Jurassic

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Lingulida, a species of Lingularia .

Lingulella? melonica [69]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Herrera in Mergl et al.

Late Cambrian

Lampazar Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

Lochkothele rugellata [65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Jiménez-Sánchez

Devonian (late Emsian)

Daleje-Třebotov Formation
Zlíchov Formation

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A member of Discinidae, a species of Lochkothele .

Lomatorthis? multilamellosa [71]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Holmer & Baars in Popov et al.

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Chahgonbad Formation

Flag of Iran.svg  Iran

A glyptorthid orthid brachiopod; possibly a species of Lomatorthis .

Maisorthina [62]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde

Devonian (late Emsian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Platyorthidae. The type species is M. saroyani.

Mariyaspiriferella [79]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Early Devonian

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A cyrtinid brachiopod. The type species is M. sibirica; genus also includes "Cyrtina" impressio Perry (1984).

Misensia [60]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov

Devonian (Emsian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Atrypidae. The type species is Misensia gracilis.

Neochonetes (Zhongyingia) transversa [80]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Permian (Lopingian)

Longtan Formation
Yanshi Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A member of Productida belonging to the family Rugosochonetidae.

Ogilviella gerensis [60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov

Devonian (Emsian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Atrypidae, a species of Ogilviella .

Paillettia menae [68]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gourvennec & Hoşgör

Devonian (latest Givetian to early Frasnian)

Gümüșali Formation

Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Adolfiidae, a species of Paillettia .

Palaeoglossa minima [61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Los Azules Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Obolidae; a species of Palaeoglossa .

Parmorthina gozonica [62]

Sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde

Devonian

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Dalmanellidae.

Paryphella acutula [80]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Permian (Lopingian)

Dalong Formation
Longtan Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A member of Productida belonging to the family Productellidae.

Pelmanotreta [81]

Nom. nov

Valid

Skovsted et al.

Early Cambrian

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A replacement name for Cryptotreta Pelman (1977) (preoccupied).

Philhedra pauciradiata [61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Los Azules Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Craniidae; a species of Philhedra .

Portrania [82]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid [83]

Cocks

Ordovician (late Katian)

Portrane Limestone

Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland

A chilidiopsoidean brachiopod. The type species is Portrania wrighti Cocks & Harper in Cocks (2015).

Praeoehlertella lukesi [65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Jiménez-Sánchez

Devonian (late Emsian)

Daleje-Třebotov Formation

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A member of Discinidae, a species of Praeoehlertella .

Prototreta? sumnaensis [58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov et al.

Cambrian

Parahio Formation

Flag of India.svg  India

A member of Acrotretida belonging to the family Acrotretidae, possibly a species of Prototreta .

Psilothyris corbachoi [84]

Sp. nov

Valid

Calzada & Moreno

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Terebratellidina belonging to the family Laqueidae and the subfamily Terebrataliopsinae, a species of Psilothyris .

Ptychomentzelia [66]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid

Gaetani & Mantovani

Middle Triassic

Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey

A tethyspirine mentzeliid brachiopod. The type species is "Spiriferina" propontica Toula (1896); genus also contains "Spiriferina" ptychitiphila Bittner (1890), as well as the new species Ptychomentzelia ritensis.

Raisiya [60]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov

Devonian (Emsian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Atrypidae. The type species is Raisiya solonchanensis.

Rhipidomella cervantesi [62]

Sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde

Devonian

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Rhipidomellidae.

Rugaria semicircularis [63]

Sp. nov

Valid

Afanasjeva, Jun-ichi & Tomohiko

Permian

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A member of Chonetida belonging to the family Rugosochonetidae, a species of Rugaria .

Saltaia [69]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Herrera in Mergl et al.

Late Cambrian

Lampazar Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Elkaniidae. The type species is Saltaia lampazarensis

Savagerhynchus [74]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (early Pragian)

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A trigonirhynchiid rhynchonellid brachiopod. The type species is Savagerhynchus hecetaensis.

Scalenomena [82]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid [83]

Cocks

Ordovician (early Katian

Craighead Limestone

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom

A chilidiopsoidean brachiopod. A new genus for "Fardenia" scalena Williams (1962).

Schizambon cardonalis [69]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Herrera in Mergl et al.

Late Cambrian

Lampazar Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

Schizobolus pilasiensis [85]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl in Morzadec et al.

Devonian (Givetian)

Floresta Formation

Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia

A member of the family Trematidae.

Sillakkudirhynchia [86]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Radulović et al.

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian to early Maastrichtian)

Sillakkudi Formation

Flag of India.svg  India

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Tetrarhynchiidae. A new genus for "Rhynchonella" plicatiloides Stoliczka (1872); genus also contains "Cretirhynchia" sahnii Radulović & Ramamoorthy (1992).

Sivorthis precordillerana [61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Los Azules Formation
San Juan Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Orthidae; a species of Sivorthis .

Talexirhynchia [87]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Feldman et al.

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Mughanniyya Formation

Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan

A rhynchonellid brachiopod. The type species is Talexirhynchia kadishi.

Tethyochonetes minor [80]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Permian (Changhsingian)

Longtan Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A member of Productida belonging to the family Rugosochonetidae.

Thecocyrtella dagysii [56]

Sp. nov

Valid

Halamski et al.

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia

A member of Spiriferida; a species of Thecocyrtella.

Theodossia kagarmanovi [88]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bezgodova

Devonian (Frasnian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Theodossiidae, a species of Theodossia.

Theodossia novosemelica [88]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bezgodova

Devonian (Frasnian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Theodossiidae, a species of Theodossia.

Theodossia tcherkesovae [88]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bezgodova

Devonian (Frasnian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Theodossiidae, a species of Theodossia.

Torobolus [77]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto & Muñoz

Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Devendeus Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A member of Obolidae. The type species is Torobolus subplanus.

Trigonirhynchia celtiberica [64]

Sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde & Herrera

Devonian (early Pragian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Trigonirhynchiidae.

Trigonirhynchia palentina [64]

Sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde & Herrera

Devonian (early Pragian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Trigonirhynchiidae.

Yangtzeella chupananica [71]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Holmer & Baars in Popov et al.

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Chahgonbad Formation

Flag of Iran.svg  Iran

A clarkellid pentamerid brachiopod; a species of Yangtzeella .

Molluscs

Echinoderms

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Aegyptiaris [89]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Abdelhamid & Abdelghany

Cretaceous (Aptian to Cenomanian)

Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt

An emiratiid sea urchin. The type species is Aegyptiaris halalensis; [89] genus also contains "Trochodiadema" isidis Fourtau (1921). [90]

Aganaster jagiellonicus [91]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thuy, Kutscher & Płachno

Carboniferous (late Tournaisian)

Mazurowe Doły Formation

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

A brittle star belonging to the suborder Ophiurina, a species of Aganaster .

Archaeocidaris marmorcataractensis [92]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thompson et al.

Carboniferous (early Pennsylvanian)

Marble Falls Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A sea urchin, a species of Archaeocidaris.

Baficrinus [93]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Prokop & Nohejlová

Devonian (late Emsian)

Daleje-Třebotov Formation

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

A crinoid belonging to the group Disparida and the family Zophocrinidae. The type species is Baficrinus vigilis.

Baudicrinus [94]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Oji & Twitchett

Early Triassic

AI Jil Formation

Flag of Oman.svg  Oman

A dadocrinid articulate crinoid, a relative of encrinids. The type species is Baudicrinus krystyni.

Bizarroglobus [95]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sumrall & Sprinkle

Ordovician

Kanosh Shale

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

An edrioasteroid. The type species is Bizarroglobus medusae.

Browerocrinus [96]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ausich, Peter & Ettensohn

Silurian (Rhuddanian)

Brassfield Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A crinoid. The type species is Browerocrinus arthrikos.

Callocystites fresti [97]

Sp. nov

Valid

Paul

Silurian

Massie Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A callocystitid cystoid, a species of Callocystites.

‘Cidaris’ labergensis [98]

Sp. nov

Valid [99]

Zonneveld, Furlong & Sanders

Late Triassic

Aksala Formation

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada

A sea urchin. Zonneveld, Furlong & Sanders (2015) assign it to the form genus ‘Cidaris’, stressing that it does not imply affinity with the extant genus Cidaris . [98]

Conollia sporranoides [100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rahman, Stewart & Zamora

Ordovician (Sandbian)

Balclatchie Formation

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom

A member of Ctenocystoidea, a species of Conollia .

Deltoblastus beaveri [101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Morgan

Permian

Timor

A blastoid belonging to the family Schizoblastidae.

Deltoblastus elevatus [101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Morgan

Permian

Timor

A blastoid belonging to the family Schizoblastidae.

Deltoblastus ewini [101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Morgan

Permian

Timor

A blastoid belonging to the family Schizoblastidae.

Dimerocrinites (Dimerocrinites) cheilobathron [102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Birdsong Shale

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A camerate crinoid belonging to the group Diplobathrida.

Echinanthus callosensis [103]

Nom. nov

Valid

Carrasco

Eocene (Lutetian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A sea urchin; a replacement name for Echinanthus dorsalis Cotteau (1889).

Ekmelocrinus [104]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Webster & Donovan

Permian

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

A crinoid. Genus includes Ekmelocrinus amplior (Wanner, 1924), Ekmelocrinus subamplior (Wanner, 1949), Ekmelocrinus ovoides (Wanner, 1949), Ekmelocrinus verbeeki (Wanner, 1916) and Ekmelocrinus vermistriatus (Wanner, 1916).

Enakomusium [105]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Thuy

Jurassic (Toarcian to Oxfordian)

Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom

A brittle star. A new genus for "Ophioderma" weymouthiense Damon (1880); genus also contains "Ophiomusium" ferrugineum Boehm (1889), "Ophiolepis" leckenbyi Wright (1880), "Ophiomusium" geisingense Kutscher (1992), "Ophiomusium" mammillatum Hess (1966) and "Ophiura" gagnebini Thurmann (1851).

Eodevonocystis [102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Birdsong Shale

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A mitrate belonging to the group Anomalocystitida. The type species is E. marilynni.

Eodolatocrinus [102]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Late Silurian-early Devonian

Bob Limestone (Brownsport Group)
Lower Birdsong Shale

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A crinoid belonging to the group Monobathrida. The type species is E. hlabsei; genus also includes "Technocrinus" niagarensis Springer (1921).

Eohadroblastus [102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Birdsong Shale

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A blastoid belonging to the group Fissiculata. The type species is E. inexpectatus.

Eohalysiocrinus broweri [102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Birdsong Shale
Rockhouse Limestone

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A disparid crinoid belonging to the group Calceocrinida.

Eohalysiocrinus gibsoni [102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Birdsong Shale
Rockhouse Limestone

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A disparid crinoid belonging to the group Calceocrinida.

Eudimerocrinus hlabsei [102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Late Silurian (Pridoli)-early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Decatur Limestone
Rockhouse Limestone

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A camerate crinoid belonging to the group Diplobathrida.

Exaesiodiscus derbyi [106]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scheffler, da Fonseca & Fernandes

Devonian (middle Eifelian)

Maecuru Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A crinoid, a species of Exaesiodiscus .

Frasericrinus [107]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ausich et al.

Early Cretaceous (probably early late Albian)

Peace River Formation

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada

An isocrinid crinoid. The type species is Frasericrinus mauricensis.

Globoeocrinus zhaoyuanlongensis [108]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yang et al.

Cambrian

Balang Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

An eocrinoid, a species of Globoeocrinus.

Guangxicrinus [109]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Webster & Chen

Devonian (Eifelian)

Yingtang Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A marsupiocrinid crinoid. The type species is Guangxicrinus xiangzhouensis.

Hemidiadema batalleri [110]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clément

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

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A sea urchin belonging to the family Glyphocyphidae, a species of Hemidiadema .

Hemidiadema forcallensis [110]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clément

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A sea urchin belonging to the family Glyphocyphidae, a species of Hemidiadema .

Hemidiadema malladai [110]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clément

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A sea urchin belonging to the family Glyphocyphidae, a species of Hemidiadema .

Heviacrinus tromelini [111]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lefebvre et al.

Ordovician (late Darriwilian)

Flag of France.svg  France

A crinoid, a species of Heviacrinus.

Icthyocrinus erugatus [102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Rockhouse Limestone

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A cladid crinoid belonging to the group Sagenocrinida.

Iocrinus africanus [112]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zamora, Rahman & Ausich

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Taddrist Formation

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

An iocrinid crinoid, a species of Iocrinus .

Lanxocolumnus (col.) chaleurensis [113]

Sp. nov

Valid

Donovan & Keighley

Silurian (Telychian)

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada

A crinoid, a species of Lanxocolumnus .

Lapidaster hellersi [114]

Sp. nov

Valid

Numberger-Thuy & Thuy

Middle Jurassic (earliest Bajocian)

Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg

A brittle star belonging to the family Ophiacanthidae, a species of Lapidaster .

Laudonomphalus ferreirai [106]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scheffler, da Fonseca & Fernandes

Devonian (middle Eifelian)

Maecuru Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A crinoid, a species of Laudonomphalus .

Llanocystis [115]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zamora, Sumrall & Sprinkle

Cambrian (Furongian)

Wilberns Formation

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An eocrinoid of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Llanocystis wilbernsensis.

Lovenicystis kopfi [116]

Sp. nov

Valid

Paul

Silurian

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A callocystitid cystoid, a species of Lovenicystis.

Marettocrinus hartti [106]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scheffler, da Fonseca & Fernandes

Devonian (middle Eifelian)

Maecuru Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A crinoid, a species of Marettocrinus .

Marettocrinus katzeri [106]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scheffler, da Fonseca & Fernandes

Devonian (middle Eifelian)

Maecuru Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A crinoid, a species of Marettocrinus .

Marginix [117]

Nom. nov

Valid

Martínez & del Río

Devonian

Talacasto Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A brittle star belonging to the order Oegophiurida and the family Encrinasteridae; a replacement name for Marginaster Haude (1995) and Marginura Haude (1999) (both preoccupied).

Macrostylocrinus tertibrachialis [102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Rockhouse Limestone

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A camerate crinoid belonging to the group Monobathrida.

Marsupiocrinus (Amarsupiocrinus) devonicus [102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Birdsong Shale

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A camerate crinoid belonging to the group Monobathrida.

Notatudiadema [89]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Abdelhamid & Abdelghany

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt

A diadematoid sea urchin. The type species is Notatudiadema rekeibensis.

Ophiocantabria [118]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Blake, Zamora & García-Alcalde

Devonian (Lochkovian)

Furada Formation

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

A brittle star belonging to the order Oegophiurida, suborder Lysophiurina and the family Encrinasteridae. The type species is Ophiocantabria elegans.

Ophiodoris reconciliator [105]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thuy

Middle Jurassic (early Bajocian)

Longwy Formation

Flag of France.svg  France

A brittle star belonging to the family Ophionereididae, a species of Ophiodoris .

Ophiotitanos aschmannicor [105]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thuy

Middle Jurassic (early Bajocian)

Longwy Formation

Flag of France.svg  France

A brittle star belonging to the family Ophiodermatidae, a species of Ophiotitanos .

Paracidaris (Anisocidaris) eluveitie [119]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hostettler & Menkveld-Gfeller

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Wildegg Formation

Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland

A member of Cidaroida, a species of Paracidaris.

Parahormocrinus [102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Late Silurian (Pridoli)

Decatur Limestone

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A cladid crinoid belonging to the group Sagenocrinida. The type species is P. decaturensis.

Paramarsupiocrinus [102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Late Silurian (Pridoli)

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A camerate crinoid belonging to the group Monobathrida. The type species is P. broadheadi.

Parapatelliocrinus [102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Devonian (Lochkovian)

Lower Rockhouse Limestone

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A crinoid belonging to the group Monobathrida. The type species is P. broweri.

Pentaridica mendesi [106]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scheffler, da Fonseca & Fernandes

Devonian (middle Eifelian)

Maecuru Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A crinoid, a species of Pentaridica .

Polycidaris gygii [119]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hostettler & Menkveld-Gfeller

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Lochen Formation
Wildegg Formation

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Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland

A member of Cidaroida, a species of Polycidaris.

Porosublastus [120]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sprinkle & Sumrall

Early Ordovician

Ninemile Shale

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An edrioasteroid. The type species is Porosublastus inexpectus.

Probalocrinus [102]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Clement & Brett

Late Silurian (Ludlovian)-early Devonian (Lochkovian)

Birdsong Shale
Henryhouse Formation

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A camerate crinoid belonging to the group Diplobathrida. The type species is "Siphonocrinus" dignis Strimple (1963).

Protogloboeocrinus [121]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zhao et al.

Cambrian

Balang Formation

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A member of Eocrinoidea. Genus includes new species P. yini Zhao, Peng & Wu in Zhao et al. (2015).

Pseudedriophus [120]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sprinkle & Sumrall

Early Ordovician

Ninemile Shale

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An edrioasteroid. The type species is Pseudedriophus guensburgi.

Quechuacrinus [122]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Guensburg & Waisfeld

Ordovician (Floian)

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A crinoid. The type species is Quechuacrinus ticsa.

Ramseyocrinus argentinus [122]

Sp. nov

Valid

Guensburg & Waisfeld

Ordovician (Floian)

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A crinoid, a species of Ramseyocrinus.

Rautscholdticrinus [104]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Webster & Donovan

Permian

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A crinoid. Genus includes Rautscholdticrinus indicus (Wanner, 1916) and Rautscholdticrinus weidnerii (Wanner, 1937).

Rhabdocidaris deubelbeissi [119]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hostettler & Menkveld-Gfeller

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Wildegg Formation

Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland

A member of Cidaroida, a species of Rhabdocidaris.

Ristnacrinus oepiki [123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ausich, Rozhnov & Kammer

Ordovician (Katian)

Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia

A crinoid related to Iocrinus , a species of Ristnacrinus .

Salamonicrinus [124]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Trzęsiok

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

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A cyrtocrinid crinoid. The type species is Salamonicrinus prodigiosum.

Salirocystis [116]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Paul

Silurian

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A callocystitid cystoid; a new genus for "Apiocystites" anna Safford (1869).

Temnocrinus americanus [96]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ausich, Peter & Ettensohn

Silurian (Rhuddanian)

Brassfield Formation

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A crinoid, a species of Temnocrinus .

Velocrinus [125]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ausich, Wilson & Vinn

Late Silurian

Kaugatuma Formation

Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia

A crotalocrinitid crinoid. The type species is Velocrinus coniculus.

Conodonts

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Arianagnathus [126]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Männik, Miller & Hairapetian

Silurian

Niur Formation

Flag of Iran.svg  Iran

A member of Prioniodontida, possibly a balognathid. The type species is Arianagnathus jafariani.

Dichognathus zhaoi [127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Xiong, Wu & Wang

Ordovician

Tarim Basin

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

Eolinguipolygnathus radula [128]

Sp. nov

Valid

Aboussalam & Becker in Aboussalam, Becker & Bultynck

Devonian (early Emsian)

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

Eoplacognathus aisangensis [127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Xiong, Wu & Wang

Ordovician

Tarim Basin

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Gapparodus gapparites [129]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yang, Steiner & Keupp

Early Cambrian

Shuijingtuo Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A member of Furnishinidae; a species of Gapparodus.

Hayashiella [130]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Kiliç et al.

Late Triassic

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia

A member of Gondolellidae. A new genus for "Metapolygnathus" nodosus Hayashi (1968); genus also includes "Gondolella" carpathica Mock (1979), H. lindae (Orchard) and H. permica (Hayashi).

Hindeodus capitanensis [131]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wardlaw & Nestell

Permian

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

Icriodus ovalis [128]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bultynck in Aboussalam, Becker & Bultynck

Devonian (late Emsian)

Mdâouer-el-Kbîr Formation

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

Icriodus praerectirostratus [128]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bultynck in Aboussalam, Becker & Bultynck

Devonian (late Emsian)

Timrhanrhart Formation

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

Mazzaella [130]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Kiliç et al.

Late Triassic

Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey

A member of Gondolellidae. A new genus for "Epigondolella" carnica Krystyn (1975); genus also includes "Metapolygnathus" baloghi Kovacs (1977).

Moskalenkodus [132]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Dzik

Late Ordovician

Krivaya Luka Formation
Makarovo Formation
Tunguz Basin

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A member of Prioniodontida belonging to the family Distomodontidae. A new genus for "Amorphognathus" quinquiradiatus Moskalenko in Kanygin et al. (1977). Genus also includes Moskalenkodus cruciformis (Moskalenko, 1970).

Neostreptognathodus costatus [133]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang & Zhang

Early Permian

Amushan Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

Ozarkodina derenjalensis [126]

Sp. nov

Valid

Männik, Miller & Hairapetian

Silurian

Niur Formation

Flag of Iran.svg  Iran

A member of Ozarkodinida, a spathognathodontid; a species of Ozarkodina.

Polygnathus bicristatus [134]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mossoni et al.

Late Devonian or Early Carboniferous

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Polygnathidae, a species of Polygnathus.

Polygnathus nuragicus [134]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mossoni et al.

Late Devonian or Early Carboniferous

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Polygnathidae, a species of Polygnathus.

Postoistodus [127]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Xiong, Wu & Wang

Ordovician

Tarim Basin

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

Genus includes new species P. elongatus and P. tridens.

Pseudohindeodus brevis [131]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wardlaw & Nestell

Permian

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

Pseudopolygnathus granulobatus [134]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mossoni et al.

Late Devonian or Early Carboniferous

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Polygnathidae, a species of Pseudopolygnathus.

Pygodus serrus ambonis [127]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Xiong, Wu & Wang

Ordovician

Tarim Basin

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

Spathogondolella [135]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Jiang in Chen et al.

Early Triassic

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

The type species is Spathogondolella jiarongensis.

Vjalovognathus nicolli [136]

Sp. nov

Valid [137]

Yuan, Shen & Henderson in Yuan et al.

Early Permian

Xiala Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A species of Vjalovognathus.

Fishes

Amphibians

Research

<i>Acanthostega</i> genus of early amphibious tetrapods in the subclass Labyrinthodontia (fossil)

Acanthostega is an extinct genus of stem-tetrapod, among the first vertebrate animals to have recognizable limbs. It appeared in the late Devonian period about 365 million years ago, and was anatomically intermediate between lobe-finned fishes and those that were fully capable of coming onto land.

Morphogenesis is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape. It is one of three fundamental aspects of developmental biology along with the control of cell growth and cellular differentiation, unified in evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo).

Lepospondyli subclass of the first four-limbed vertebrates and their descendants

Lepospondyli is a diverse taxon of reptiliomorph tetrapods. With the exception of one late-surviving lepospondyl from the Late Permian of Morocco, lepospondyls lived from the Early Carboniferous (Mississippian) to the Early Permian and were geographically restricted to what is now Europe and North America. Five major groups of lepospondyls are known: Adelospondyli; Aïstopoda; Lysorophia; Microsauria; and Nectridea. Lepospondyls have a diverse range of body forms and include species with newt-like, eel- or snake-like, and lizard-like forms. Various species were aquatic, semiaquatic, or terrestrial. None were large, and they are assumed to have lived in specialized ecological niches not taken by the more numerous temnospondyl amphibians that coexisted with them in the Paleozoic. Lepospondyli was named in 1888 by Karl Alfred von Zittel, who coined the name to include some tetrapods from the Paleozoic, that shared some specific characteristics in the notochord and teeth. Lepospondyls have sometimes been considered to be either related or ancestral to modern amphibians or to Amniota.

New taxa

Temnospondyls

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Eocyclotosaurus appetolatus [141]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rinehart, Lucas & Schoch

Middle Triassic

Moenkopi Formation

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A capitosaur, a species of Eocyclotosaurus.

Metoposaurus algarvensis [142]

Sp. nov

Valid

Brusatte et al.

Late Triassic

Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal

A species of Metoposaurus.

Parapytanga [143]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Strapasson, Pinheiro & Soares

Middle or late Permian

Rio do Rasto Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A basal member of Stereospondylomorpha. The type species is Parapytanga catarinensis.

Procuhy [144]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cisneros et al.

Permian (Cisuralian)

Lower Pedra de Fogo Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A member of Trimerorhachidae. The type species is Procuhy nazariensis.

Timonya [144]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cisneros et al.

Permian (Cisuralian)

Lower Pedra de Fogo Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

A member of Dvinosauria. The type species is Timonya anneae.

Lepospondyls

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Aletrimyti [145]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Szostakiwskyj, Pardo & Anderson

Permian (Kungurian)

Fairmont Shale

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A member of Recumbirostra. The type species is Aletrimyti gaskillae.

Batropetes appelensis [146]

Sp. nov

Valid

Glienke

Early Permian

Saar–Nahe Basin

Flag of Germany.svg  Germany

A species of Batropetes.

Batropetes palatinus [146]

Sp. nov

Valid

Glienke

Early Permian

Saar–Nahe Basin

Flag of Germany.svg  Germany

A species of Batropetes.

Dvellecanus [145]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Szostakiwskyj, Pardo & Anderson

Permian (Kungurian)

Fairmont Shale

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A member of Recumbirostra. The type species is Dvellecanus carrolli.

Lissamphibians

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Bufo mirus [147]

Sp. nov

Valid

Syromyatnikova

Late Early – early Middle Miocene

Khalagay Formation

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A true toad of uncertain phylogenetic placement, most similar and possibly related to the Mongolian toad.

Hensonbatrachus [148]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gardner & Brinkman

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Dinosaur Park Formation
Oldman Formation

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada

A frog. The type species is Hensonbatrachus kermiti.

Lepidobatrachus australis [149]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nicoli

Late Miocene to Early Pliocene

Monte Hermoso Formation

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

A frog belonging to the family Ceratophryidae, a species of Lepidobatrachus .

Palaeoplethodon [150]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Poinar & Wake

Eocene or Miocene

Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic

A lungless salamander found in Dominican amber. The type species is Palaeoplethodon hispaniolae.

Tyrrellbatrachus [151]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gardner

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Dinosaur Park Formation

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada

A frog of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Tyrrellbatrachus brinkmani.

Varibatrachus [152]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Parmley, Chandler & Chandler

Miocene (late Clarendonian)

Ash Hollow Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A frog of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Varibatrachus abraczinskasae.

Diadectomorphs

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Alveusdectes [153]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Liu & Bever

Late Permian (Wuchiapingian, roughly 256 Ma)

Shangshihezi Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A diadectid. The type species is Alveusdectes fenestralis.

Ichthyosauromorphs

Research

Ichthyopterygia superorder of tetrapods that developed two holes (temporal fenestra) in each side of their skulls, about 300 million years ago

Ichthyopterygia was a designation introduced by Sir Richard Owen in 1840 to designate the Jurassic ichthyosaurs that were known at the time, but the term is now used more often for both true Ichthyosauria and their more primitive early and middle Triassic ancestors.

<i>Utatsusaurus</i> genus of reptiles

Utatsusaurus hataii is the earliest-known ichthyopterygian which lived in the early Triassic period. It is nearly 3 m long with a slender body. The first specimen was found in Utatsu-cho, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. It is the only described species in the genus Utatsusaurus and the only member of the family Utatsusauridae. The name Utatsusaurus was given after the city. The fossils have been found from the Lower Triassic of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan and British Columbia, Canada.

<i>Grippia</i> genus of reptiles (fossil)

Grippia is a genus of ichthyosaur, an extinct group of reptiles that resembled dolphins. These ichthyosaurs were small, at 1–1.5 m (3.3–4.9 ft) in length. Fossil remains from Svalbard from the specimen SVT 203 were originally assigned to Grippia longirostris but are now thought to have belonged to a non-ichthyopterygian diapsid related to Helveticosaurus.

New taxa

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Cartorhynchus [156]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Motani et al.

Early Triassic (Olenekian)

Nanlinghu Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A relative of ichthyopterygians. The type species is Cartorhynchus lenticarpus.

Dearcmhara [157]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Brusatte et al.

Jurassic (Toarcian–Bajocian)

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom

A basal member of Neoichthyosauria. The type species is Dearcmhara shawcrossi.

Eretmorhipis [158]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Chen et al.

Early Triassic (late Spathian)

Jialingjiang Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A hupehsuchian. The type species is Eretmorhipis carrolldongi.

Ichthyosaurus anningae [159]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lomax & Massare

Early Jurassic (Hettangian/Sinemurian–Pliensbachian)

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A species of Ichthyosaurus .

Muiscasaurus [160]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid [161]

Maxwell et al.

Early Cretaceous (Barremian–Aptian)

Paja Formation

Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia

A member of Ophthalmosauridae. The type species is Muiscasaurus catheti.

Sauropterygians

Research

Sexual selection A mode of natural selection wherein members of one biological sex choose mates of the other sex, and compete with members of the same sex

Sexual selection is a mode of natural selection where members of one biological sex choose mates of the other sex to mate with, and compete with members of the same sex for access to members of the opposite sex. These two forms of selection mean that some individuals have better reproductive success than others within a population, either from being more attractive or preferring more attractive partners to produce offspring. For instance, in the breeding season, sexual selection in frogs occurs with the males first gathering at the water's edge and making their mating calls: croaking. The females then arrive and choose the males with the deepest croaks and best territories. In general, males benefit from frequent mating and monopolizing access to a group of fertile females. Females can have a limited number of offspring and maximize the return on the energy they invest in reproduction.

Sexual dimorphism condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs

Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs. The condition occurs in many animals and some plants. Differences may include secondary sex characteristics, size, weight, color, markings, and may also include behavioral and cognitive differences. These differences may be subtle or exaggerated, and may be subjected to sexual selection. The opposite of dimorphism is monomorphism.

<i>Keichousaurus</i> genus of reptiles

Keichousaurus (key-cho-saurus) is a genus of marine reptile in the pachypleurosaur family which went extinct at the close of the Triassic in the Triassic-Jurassic extinction event. The name derives from Kweichow in China where the first fossil specimen was discovered in 1957. They are among the most common sauropterygian fossils recovered and are often found as nearly complete, articulated skeletons, making them popular among collectors. Keichousaurus, and the pachypleurosaur family broadly, are sometimes classified within Nothosauroidea, but are otherwise listed as a separate, more primitive lineage within Sauropterygia.

New taxa

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Anguanax [165]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid [166]

Cau & Fanti

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Rosso Ammonitico Veronese Formation

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

A pliosaurid. The type species is Anguanax zignoi.

Atychodracon [167]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Smith

Early Jurassic

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom

A rhomaleosaurid plesiosaur; a new genus for "Plesiosaurus" megacephalus Stutchbury (1846).

Cardiocorax [168]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Araújo et al.

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Mocuio Formation

Flag of Angola.svg  Angola

An elasmosaurid plesiosaur. The type species is Cardiocorax mukulu.

Dianmeisaurus [169]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Shang & Li

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

Guangling Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A member of Eosauropterygia of uncertain phylogenetic placement, more closely related to nothosaurs than to plesiosaurs. The type species is Dianmeisaurus gracilis.

Makhaira [170]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fischer et al.

Early Cretaceous (Hauterivian)

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

A pliosaurid. The type species is Makhaira rossica.

Vegasaurus [171]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

O’Gorman et al.

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Snow Hill Island Formation

Antarctica (Vega Island)

An elasmosaurid plesiosaur. The type species is Vegasaurus molyi.

Wangosaurus [172]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ma et al.

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Falang Formation

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

A pistosauroid. The type species is Wangosaurus brevirostris.

Lepidosaurs

Research

Squamata Order of reptiles

Squamata is the largest order of reptiles, comprising lizards, snakes and amphisbaenians, which are collectively known as squamates or scaled reptiles. With over 10,000 species, it is also the second-largest order of extant (living) vertebrates, after the perciform fish, and roughly equal in number to the Saurischia. Members of the order are distinguished by their skins, which bear horny scales or shields. They also possess movable quadrate bones, making it possible to move the upper jaw relative to the neurocranium. This is particularly visible in snakes, which are able to open their mouths very wide to accommodate comparatively large prey. Squamata is the most variably sized order of reptiles, ranging from the 16 mm (0.63 in) dwarf gecko to the 5.21 m (17.1 ft) green anaconda and the now-extinct mosasaurs, which reached lengths of over 14 m (46 ft).

Dactyloidae family of reptiles

Dactyloidae are a family of lizards commonly known as anoles and native to warmer parts of the Americas, ranging from southeastern United States to Paraguay. Instead of treating it as a family, some authorities prefer to treat it as a subfamily, Dactyloinae, of the family Iguanidae. In the past they were included in the family Polychrotidae together with Polychrus, but the latter genus is not closely related to the true anoles.

Dominican amber

Dominican amber is amber from the Dominican Republic. Resin from the extinct tree Hymenaea protera is the source of Dominican amber and probably of most amber found in the tropics.

New taxa

Rhynchocephalians

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Clevosaurus sectumsemper [175]

Sp. nov

Valid

Klein et al.

Late Triassic (Rhaetian)

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A clevosaurid sphenodontian, a species of Clevosaurus.

Lizards

NameNoveltyStatusAuthorsAgeUnitLocationNotesImages

Archaerhineura [176]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Longrich et al.

Late Palaeocene

Polecat Bench Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A rhineurid amphisbaenian. The type species is Archaerhineura mephitis.

Asagaolacerta [177]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Evans & Matsumoto

Early Cretaceous

Kuwajima Formation

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A lizard of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Asagaolacerta tricuspidens.

Asprosaurus [178]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Park, Evans & Huh

Late Cretaceous

Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea

A member of Anguimorpha, probably a member of Monstersauria. The type species is Asprosaurus bibongriensis.

Babibasiliscus [179]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Conrad

Eocene (approximately 48 Ma)

Bridger Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A member of Corytophanidae. The type species is Babibasiliscus alxi.

Barbatteius [180]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid [181]

Venczel & Codrea

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Haţeg Basin

Flag of Romania.svg  Romania

Originally assigned to the family Teiidae, but subsequently transferred to the separate family Barbatteiidae within the group Teiioidea. [182] The type species is Barbatteius vremiri.

Cadurcogekko verus [183]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bolet et al.

Eocene

Flag of France.svg  France

A gekkotan lizard, a species of Cadurcogekko.

Chromatogenys [184]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Makádi & Nydam

Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary

A member of Scincomorpha of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Chromatogenys tiliquoides.

Chthonophis [176]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Longrich et al.

Probably early Palaeocene

Bug Creek Anthills, Fort Union Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

An amphisbaenian, the only member of the new family Chthonophidae. The type species is Chthonophis subterraneus.

Cuvieribaena [185]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Čerňanský, Augéc & Rage

Eocene (Bartonian)

Flag of France.svg  France

A blanid amphisbaenian. The type species is Cuvieribaena carlgansi.

Dryadissector [186]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wick, Lehman & Brink

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

Aguja Formation

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A member of Varanoidea. The type species is Dryadissector shilleri.

Gekkomimus [183]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Bolet et al.

Eocene

Flag of France.svg  France

A skink; a new genus for "Cadurcogekko" rugosus Augé (2005).

Gueragama [187]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Simões et al.

Late Cretaceous (Turonian-Campanian)

Goio-Erê Formation

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

The first member of Acrodonta (a relative of agamids and chameleons) described from South America. The type species is Gueragama sulamericana.

Hakuseps [177]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Evans & Matsumoto

Early Cretaceous

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A squamate of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Hakuseps imberis.

Kuroyuriella [177]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Evans & Matsumoto

Early Cretaceous

Kuwajima Formation

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A lizard of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Kuroyuriella mikikoi.

Norellius [188]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Conrad & Daza

Early Cretaceous (probably approximately 130 Mya)

Öösh Basin

Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia

A member of Gekkonomorpha of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Norellius nyctisaurops.

Ophisaurus holeci [189]

Sp. nov

Valid

Klembara

Miocene

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [190] [191]

A glass lizard.

Pachygenys adachii [192]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ikeda, Ota & Saegusa

Early Cretaceous

Sasayama Group

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A squamate of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Pachygenys.

Phosphorosaurus ponpetelegans [193]

Sp. nov

Valid [194]

Konishi et al.

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

A halisaurine mosasaur, a species of Phosphorosaurus.

Plioplatecarpus peckensis [195]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cuthbertson & Holmes

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Bearpaw Formation

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

A mosasaur, a species of Plioplatecarpus.

Pseudopus rugosus [189]

Sp. nov

Valid

Klembara

Early Miocene