Croydon North (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated
Croydon North
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
CroydonNorth2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Croydon North in Greater London
County Greater London
Electorate 85,107 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Thornton Heath, Norbury, Selhurst, South Norwood, Upper Norwood
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Steve Reed (Labour Co-operative)
Number of membersOne
Created from Croydon North East and Croydon North West
19181955
Number of membersOne
Replaced by Croydon North East and Croydon North West
Created from Croydon

Croydon North is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Steve Reed of the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party. [n 2] The seat was created in 1918 and split in two in 1955 (taking in neighbouring areas) and re-devised in a wholly different form in 1997.

Contents

History

The seat was created from the former Croydon North West and part of the former North East constituencies. In its previous form it existed from 1918 until 1955.

On re-creation at the 1997 general election the MP for the seat became Malcolm Wicks of the Labour Party with the fourth largest Labour majority in Greater London. Wicks was victorious at the next two general elections and died on 29 September 2012, prompting a by-election which was won by Steve Reed of the same party. The 2015 result made the seat the 31st safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. [2]

Constituency profile

Croydon North is the densest of Croydon's three seats, regarded as a safe Labour seat with all wards controlled by them at local level, consisting for the most part of rows of modest terraced houses, interspersed with tower blocks, much of it social and ex-social housing and with recreational areas. [3]

Passing through the constituency are London Overground and Southern services to London Victoria and Croydon — the seat is well connected by several stations to rail services. There has been some regeneration since 2000 with new-build developments for affluent commuters. [4]

The seat includes Crystal Palace FC's ground at Selhurst Park and the northeastern end of the seat is near the site of the former Crystal Palace itself.

Boundaries

1918–1950: The County Borough of Croydon wards of North, South Norwood, and Upper Norwood.

1950–1955: Wards of the above borough: Bensham Manor, Norbury, Thornton Heath, Upper Norwood, and West Thornton.

1997–2010: The London Borough of Croydon wards of Bensham Manor, Beulah, Broad Green, Norbury, South Norwood, Thornton Heath, Upper Norwood, West Thornton, and Whitehorse Manor.

2010–present: As above less Beulah and Whitehorse Manor, plus Selhurst.

Members of Parliament

As Croydon North

ElectionMemberParty
1918 George Borwick Conservative
1922 Glyn Mason Conservative
1940 by-election Henry Willink Conservative
1948 by-election Fred Harris Conservative
1955 constituency abolished
1997 constituency re-created
1997 Malcolm Wicks Labour
2012 by-election Steve Reed Labour Co-op

Election results

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Croydon North [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Co-op Steve Reed 36,495 65.6 -8.5
Conservative Donald Ekekhomen11,82221.3+1.4
Liberal Democrats Claire Bonham4,4768.0+5.3
Green Rachel Chance1,6292.9+1.3
Brexit Party Chidi Ngwaba 8391.5N/A
Christian Peoples Alliance Candace Mitchell3480.6N/A
Majority24,67344.4-9.9
Turnout 55,60962.9-5.3
Registered electors 88,466
Labour hold Swing -5.0
General election 2017: Croydon North [6] [7] [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Co-op Steve Reed 44,213 74.2 +11.5
Conservative Samuel Kasumu11,84819.9-2.8
Liberal Democrats Maltby Pindar1,6562.8-0.8
Green Peter Underwood9831.6-3.1
UKIP Michael Swadling7531.3-4.2
Independent Lee Berks1700.3+0.0
Majority32,36554.3+14.4
Turnout 59,62368.2+5.9
Registered electors 87,461
Labour hold Swing +7.2
General election 2015: Croydon North [9] [10] [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Co-op Steve Reed 33,513 62.6 +6.6
Conservative Vidhi Mohan12,14922.7-1.4
UKIP Winston McKenzie 2,8995.4+3.7
Green Shasha Khan2,5154.7+2.7
Liberal Democrats Joanna Corbin1,9193.6-10.4
TUSC Glen Hart2610.5+0.5
Independent Lee Berks1410.3+0.3
Communist Ben Stevenson1250.2-0.1
Majority21,36439.9-8.0
Turnout 53,52262.3+1.7
Registered electors 85,941
Labour hold Swing +4.0
2012 Croydon North by-election [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Steve Reed 15,892 64.7 +8.7
Conservative Andrew Stranack4,13716.8-7.3
UKIP Winston McKenzie 1,4005.7+4.0
Liberal Democrats Marisha Ray8603.5-10.5
Green Shasha Khan8553.5+1.5
Respect Lee Jasper 7072.9+2.4
Christian Peoples Alliance Stephen Hammond1920.8N/A
National Front Richard Edmonds 1610.7N/A
Communist Ben Stevenson1190.5+0.2
Monster Raving Loony John Cartwright1100.4N/A
Nine Eleven Was An Inside JobSimon Lane660.3N/A
Young People's PartyRobin Smith630.3N/A
Majority11,75547.9+16.0
Turnout 24,56226.5-34.1
Rejected ballots1120.1N/A
Registered electors 93,036
Labour hold Swing +8.0
General election 2010: Croydon North [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Malcolm Wicks 28,947 56.0 +2.4
Conservative Jason Hadden12,46624.1+1.9
Liberal Democrats Gerry Jerome7,22614.0−3.2
Green Shasha Khan1,0172.0−0.9
UKIP Jonathan Serter8911.7+0.0
Christian Novlette Williams5861.1N/A
Respect Mohommad Shaikh2720.5N/A
Communist Ben Stevenson1600.3N/A
Independent Mohamed Seyed1110.2N/A
Majority16,48131.9+0.5
Turnout 51,67660.6+8.0
Registered electors 85,216
Labour hold Swing +0.3

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Croydon North [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Malcolm Wicks 23,555 53.7 -9.8
Conservative Tariq Ahmad 9,66722.0-1.3
Liberal Democrats Adrian Gee-Turner7,59017.2+6.8
Green Shasha Khan1,2482.8N/A
UKIP Henry Pearce7701.8+0.4
Croydon Pensions AlliancePeter Gibson3940.9N/A
Veritas Winston McKenzie 3240.7N/A
Independent Farhan Rasheed1970.4N/A
The People's Choice! Exclusively For AllMichelle Chambers1320.3N/A
Majority13,88831.7-8.5
Turnout 43,87752.3-0.9
Registered electors 83,629
Labour hold Swing -4.3
General election 2001: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Malcolm Wicks 26,610 63.5 +1.4
Conservative Simon Allison9,75223.3-3.9
Liberal Democrats Sandra Lawman4,37510.4+2.7
UKIP Alan Smith6061.4+0.7
Socialist Alliance Don Madgwick5391.3N/A
Majority16,85840.2+5.2
Turnout 41,88253.2-15.0
Registered electors 78,675
Labour hold Swing -2.6

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Malcolm Wicks 32,672 62.2 N/A
Conservative Ian Martin14,27427.2N/A
Liberal Democrats Martin Morris4,0667.7N/A
Referendum Roger Billis1,1552.2N/A
UKIP James R. Feisenberger3960.8N/A
Majority18,39835.0N/A
Turnout 52,56368.2N/A
Registered electors 77,063
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1951: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Fred Harris 29,984 55.5 +2.1
Labour Reginald Prentice 19,73836.6+0.1
Liberal Brian Collins4,2727.9-2.3
Majority10,24619.0+2.1
Turnout 53,99483.7-3.1
Registered electors 64,522
Conservative hold Swing +1.0
General election 1950: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Fred Harris 29,420 53.4 +12.3
Labour Reginald Prentice 20,11636.5-3.6
Liberal Frederick Owen Halsall Rowlands5,60010.2+0.8
Majority9,30416.9-0.5
Turnout 55,13686.8+13.4
Registered electors 63,537
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

1948 Croydon North by-election [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Fred Harris 36,200 54.0 +13.9
Labour Harold Nicolson 24,53636.6-3.5
Liberal Don Bennett 6,3219.4-9.4
Majority11,66417.4+16.3
Turnout 67,05774.8+1.4
Registered electors
Conservative hold Swing +8.7
General election 1945: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Henry Willink 23,417 41.1 -26.0
Labour Marian Billson22,81040.1+7.2
Liberal John Howard 10,71418.8+18.8
Majority6071.1-33.0
Turnout 56,94173.4+8.8
Registered electors 77,594
Conservative hold Swing -16.6
1940 Croydon North by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Henry Willink 14,163 90.7 +23.6
Independent Arthur Lascelles Lucas1,4459.3N/A
Majority12,71881.4+47.3
Turnout 15,60818.3-46.3
Registered electors
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Glyn Mason 36,383 67.1 -13.8
Labour Frank Mitchell17,87232.9+13.8
Majority18,51134.1-27.6
Turnout 54,25564.6-4.8
Registered electors 83,986
Conservative hold Swing -13.8
General election 1931: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Glyn Mason 45,595 80.9 +30.5
Labour H.W. Ray10,79519.1-7.4
Majority34,80061.7+37.8
Turnout 56,49069.4-0.4
Registered electors 81,305
Conservative hold Swing +19.0

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Glyn Mason 26,336 50.4 -19.9
Labour Gilbert Foan 13,85226.5-3.2
Liberal Cyril Walter Nunneley12,05323.1N/A
Majority12,48423.9-16.7
Turnout 52,24169.8-3.0
Registered electors 74,835
Unionist hold Swing -8.4
General election 1924: Croydon North
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Glyn Mason 25,972 70.3 +7.3
Labour Gilbert Foan 10,95429.7-7.3
Majority15,01840.6+14.6
Turnout 36,92672.8+17.1
Registered electors 50,697
Unionist hold Swing +7.3
General election 1923: Croydon North [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Glyn Mason 17,085 63.0 N/A
Labour Gilbert Foan 10,05437.0N/A
Majority7,03126.0N/A
Turnout 27,13955.7N/A
Registered electors 48,760
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1922: Croydon North [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Glyn Mason Unopposed
Registered electors 47,675
Unionist hold

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Croydon North [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Unionist George Borwick 16,52070.0N/A
Liberal James Trumble7,09430.0N/A
Majority9,42640.0N/A
Turnout 23,61454.1N/A
Registered electors 43,669
Unionist win (new seat)
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years
References
  1. "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. Labour Members of Parliament 2015 UK Political Info; Retrieved 29 January 2017
  3. Get a Map Ordnance survey
  4. Planning Applications Croydon Council
  5. https://www.croydon.gov.uk/sites/default/files/Statement%20of%20Persons%20Nominated%20and%20Notice%20of%20Poll%20Croydon%20North.pdf
  6. https://www.croydon.gov.uk/sites/default/files/articles/downloads/SPN.NOP_.North_.pdf
  7. "Croydon North parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  8. http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
  9. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. https://www.croydon.gov.uk/sites/default/files/articles/downloads/Croydon-North-election-results.pdf
  11. Election 2015 - Croydon North BBC News, 8 May 2015
  12. Croydon North by-election: Labour's Steve Reed secures win BBC News, 30 November 2012
  13. Parliamentary election results 2010, Croydon North Archived 2011-08-07 at the Wayback Machine Croydon Council
  14. UK general election 2005 - Results for Croydon North Electoral Commission
  15. "1948 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  16. 1 2 3 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig

Sources

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