French Towns and Lands of Art and History

Last updated

Since 1985, the French Ministry of Culture and Communication has pursued a policy of preserving and promoting France's heritage. Historic towns and districts have been designated Villes et Pays d'Art et d'Histoire ("Towns and Lands of Art and History").

Contents

The Ministry provides financial and technical support to regions and groups for architectural and heritage undertakings. The Ministry imposes an obligation on beneficiaries to receive workers it has deemed qualified to participate in projects. The national council of towns and districts of art and history (Le conseil national des Villes et Pays d'Art et d'Histoire), set up in 1995, participates in the development and general policy of the network. It advises on the eligibility of towns and districts for the Lands of Art and History designation, and effects withdrawal of support from landmarks where standards slip.

Policies of the network are put into effect by the regional directorates of arts and culture (Direction régionale des affaires culturelles: DRAC). The directorates seek to ensure that projects are relevant and blend into the culture of the region. They also serve as intermediaries between localities and the national organization.

In 2005, about 130 towns and districts were part of this network.

Point for discussion

A more accurate and readily-understandable translation of pays would be district (Towns and Districts of Art and History), as the word pays refers to an administrative area centered on a town or village - akin to a district or subdivision of an English county.

List of the French Towns and Lands of Art and History by region

The numbers in brackets are those assigned by the Ministry to the départements.

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

- Towns of Art and of History : Aix-les-Bains (74), Valence (26), Grenoble (38), Vienne (38), Saint-Étienne (42), Albertville (73), Chambéry (73), Moulins (03).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays de Saône-Vallée (01), Pays du Vivarais méridional (07), Pays Voironnais (38), Pays du Forez (42), Pays des Hautes vallées de Savoie (vallée de la Tarentaise, Maurienne et Beaufortain) (73), Agglomération d’Annecy (74), Pays de la Vallée d'Abondance (74), Pays Issoire Val d'Allier sud, Pays du Haut-Allier, Pays de Riom, Pays de Saint-Flour, Pays de Billom Saint-Dier-d'Auvergne (63), Pays du Puy-en-Velay (43).

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

- Towns of Art and of History : Autun (71), Auxerre (89), Châlon-sur-Saône (71), Joigny (89), Nevers (58), Dijon (21), La Charité-sur-Loire (58), Besançon (25), Dole (39).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays de l'Auxois (21), Pays du Charolais-Brionnais (71), Pays « Entre Cluny et Tournus » (71), Pays de Montbéliard (25), Pays du Revermont (Poligny, Arbois, Salins  : 39).

Brittany

- Towns of Art and of History : Dinan (22), Dinard (35), Concarneau (29), Fougères (35), Lorient (56), Morlaix (29), Vannes (56), Vitré (35), Brest (29)).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays de Morlaix (22), Pays de Quimperlé (22).

- Metropolis of Art and of History: Rennes (35).

- Towns of Art in which assent has been withdrawn : Auray (56), Saint-Malo (35).

Centre-Val de Loire

- Towns of Art and of History : Orléans (45), Tours (37), Blois (41), Vendôme (41), Bourges (18), Chinon (37), Loches (37).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays Loire Touraine (37), Pays Loire Val d'Aubois, Pays de la vallée du Cher et du Romorantinais (41).

Corsica

- Towns of Art and of History : Ajaccio (2A), Bastia (2B), Sartène (2A), Bonifacio (2A)).

Grand-Est

- Towns of Art and of History: Mulhouse (68), Strasbourg (67), Sedan (08), Châlons-en-Champagne (51), Bar-le-Duc (55), Metz (57), Langres (52), Reims (51), Troyes (10), Charleville-Mézières (08), Lunéville (54).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays du Val d'Argent, Pays de Guebwiller (68), Pays d’Épinal, Cœur des Vosges (88).

Guadeloupe

- Towns of Art and of History : Basse-Terre, Pointe-à-Pitre.

French Guiana

- Towns of Art and of History : Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni.

- Land of Art and of History : Pays des estuaires Maroni-Mana (including Awala-Yalimapo and Suriname  : resort de Galibi).

Hauts-de-France

- Towns of Art and of History : Roubaix (59), Boulogne-sur-Mer (62), Cambrai (59), Lille (59), Tourcoing (59), Chantilly (60), Beauvais (60), Laon (02), Noyon (60), Saint-Quentin (02), Soissons (02).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays de Lens-Liévin, Pays de Saint-Omer et de la Morinie (62).

- Metropolis of Art and of History: Amiens (80).

Île-de-France

- Towns of Art and of History : Boulogne-Billancourt (92), Étampes (91), Meaux (77), Noisiel (77), Pontoise (95), Rambouillet (78), Vincennes (Val-de-Marne), Communauté d'Agglomération de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (78), Plaine Commune (93).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays de l’Etampois – Sud Essonne (91), Parc naturel régional du Vexin français.

Martinique

- Towns of Art and of History : Saint-Pierre.

Normandy

- Towns of Art and of History : Caen (14), Dieppe (76), Fécamp (76), Le Havre (76), Bernay (27).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays d'Auge (14), Pays du Clos du Cotentin & Valognes (50), Pays de Coutances (50), Rouen-Elbeuf-Austreberthe (76).

Nouvelle-Aquitaine

- Towns of Art and of History : Bergerac (24), Bordeaux (33), Périgueux (24), Sarlat (24), Pau (64), Bayonne (64), Dax (40), La Réole (33), Limoges (87), Cognac (16), Poitiers (86), Rochefort (17), Royan (17), Saintes (17), Thouars (79).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays du Béarn des Gaves (64), Pays du Grand Villeneuvois (47), Pays des Pyrénées béarnaises (64), Pays des Hautes terres corréziennes et Ventadour (19), Pays Vézère et Ardoise (19), Pays des Monts et Barrages (87), Île de Ré (17), Pays du Confolentais (16), Pays de l’Angoumois (16), Pays Châtelleraudais (86), Pays Mellois (79), Pays Montmorillonnais (86), Pays de Parthenay (79).

Occitania

- Towns of Art and of History : Millau (12), Cahors (46), Figeac (46), Montauban (82), Moissac (82), Toulouse (31), Beaucaire (30), Lodève (34), Narbonne (11), Nîmes (30), Perpignan (66), Uzès (30).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays des Bastides du Rouergue (Najac, Sauveterre-de-Rouergue, Villefranche-de-Rouergue, Villeneuve d’Aveyron) (12), Pays de la Vallée de la Dordogne (46), Pays des Pyrénées cathares (Canton de Mirepoix, Canton de Lavelanet) (09), Pays du Grand Auch (32), Pays des Vallées d'Aure et du Louron (31), Grand Rodez (12), Pays de Mende et Lot-en-Gévaudan (48), Pays de Pézenas (34), Pays de la Vallée de la Têt (66), Pays transfrontalier des Vallées du Tech et du Ter ((66)), Pays du Haut Languedoc et Vignobles (34).

- Metropolis of Art and of History: Montpellier Méditerranée Métropole (34).

Pays de la Loire

- Towns of Art and of History : Guérande (44), Nantes (44), Angers (49), Fontenay-le-Comte (85), Laval (53), Le Mans (72), Saumur (49), Clisson (44), Saint-Nazaire (44).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays du Perche sarthois (72), Pays Coëvrons-Mayenne (53), Pays de la Vallée du Loir (72), Pays du Vignoble nantais (44).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

- Towns of Art and of History : Arles (13), Briançon (05), Fréjus (83), Grasse (06), Hyères (83), Martigues (13), Menton (06), Nice (06).

- Land of Art and of History : Pays de Carpentras et du Comtat Venaissin (84), Pays S.U.D. Serre-Ponçon Ubaye Durance (04 and 05), Pays de la Provence Verte (83), Pays des Vallées Roya-Bévéra (06).

Réunion

- Towns of Art and of History : Saint-Denis, Saint-Pierre.

- Land of Art and of History : Les portes du Sud.

See also

Related Research Articles

Communes of the Côte-dOr department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 698 communes of the Côte-d'Or department of France.

Pays de la Loire Administrative region of France

Pays de la Loire are one of the 18 regions of France, in the west of the mainland. It is one of the regions created in the 1950s to serve as a zone of influence for its capital, Nantes, one of a handful of so-called "balancing metropolises" ¹.

Communes of the Essonne department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 194 communes of the Essonne department of France.

An agglomeration community is a government structure in France, created by the Chevènement Law of 1999. It is one of four forms of intercommunality, less integrated than a métropole or a communauté urbaine but more integrated than a communauté de communes. Agglomeration communities consist of a commune of at least 15,000 inhabitants and its independent suburbs.

Communes of the Seine-et-Marne department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 507 communes of the Seine-et-Marne department of France.

Mâcon Prefecture and commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Mâcon, historically anglicised as Mascon, is a city in east-central France. It is the prefecture of the department of Saône-et-Loire in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. Mâcon is home to near 34,000 residents, who are referred to in French as Mâconnais. The city gave its name to the nearby vineyards and wine 'appellation'.

In France, a pays is an area whose inhabitants share common geographical, economic, cultural, or social interests, who have a right to enter into communal planning contracts under a law known as the Loi Pasqua or LOADT, which took effect on February 4, 1995.

Montsoreau Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Montsoreau is a commune of the Loire Valley in the Maine-et-Loire department in western France on the Loire, 160 km (99 mi) from the Atlantic coast and 250 km (160 mi) from Paris. The village is listed among The Most Beautiful Villages of France and is part of the Loire Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Arrondissement of Tours Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Tours is an arrondissement of France in the Indre-et-Loire department in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 54 communes. Its population is 384,117 (2016), and its area is 1,087.6 km2 (419.9 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Lons-le-Saunier Arrondissement in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

The arrondissement of Lons-le-Saunier is an arrondissement of France in the Jura department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has 249 communes. Its population is 104,522 (2016), and its area is 2,271.9 km2 (877.2 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Angers Arrondissement in Pays de la Loire, France

The arrondissement of Angers is an arrondissement of France in the Maine-et-Loire department in the Pays de la Loire region. It has 66 communes. Its population is 380,215 (2016), and its area is 1,740.7 km2 (672.1 sq mi).

This gallery of French coats of arms shows the coats of arms of the Provinces, Régions, and Départements of France, and of certain French cities. They are used to visually identify historical and present-day regions, as well as cities, within France.

Les Plus Beaux Villages de France French independent association of the most beautiful villages in France

Les Plus Beaux Villages de France is an independent association created in 1982 for the promotion of the tourist appeal of small rural villages with a rich cultural heritage. As of September 2016, it numbers 156 member villages.

Croissy-Beaubourg Commune in Île-de-France, France

Croissy-Beaubourg is a French commune located in the Seine-et-Marne département, in the Île-de-France région.

Georges Poisson is a French art historian.

Claudie Gallay French writer

.