Timeline of asexual history

Last updated

This is a timeline of asexual history worldwide. The briefness of this timeline can be attributed to the fact that acceptance of asexuality as a sexual orientation and field of scientific research is still relatively new. [1] [2] [3]


Several of these events refer to historical essays and studies on sexual behaviour. While the modern discussion of asexuality focuses on lack of sexual attraction, rather than celibacy or sexual abstinence, the research on human sexuality and sexual orientation has only recently started making said distinction. [4]

19th century



20th century









21st century



The asexual pride flag was introduced in 2010, containing four horizontal stripes of black, gray, white, and purple Asexual Pride Flag.svg
The asexual pride flag was introduced in 2010, containing four horizontal stripes of black, gray, white, and purple


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Romantic orientation</span> Classification of a persons romantic attraction towards others

A person's romantic orientation, also called affectional orientation, is the classification of the sex or gender with which a person experiences romantic attraction towards or is likely to have a romantic relationship with. The term is used alongside the term "sexual orientation", as well as being used alternatively to it, based upon the perspective that sexual attraction is only a single component of a larger concept.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Asexuality</span> Lack of sexual attraction to others

Asexuality is the lack of sexual attraction to others, or low or absent interest in or desire for sexual activity. It may be considered a sexual orientation or the lack thereof. It may also be categorized more widely, to include a broad spectrum of asexual sub-identities.

Sexual identity refers to one's self-perception in terms of romantic or sexual attraction towards others, though not mutually exclusive, and can be different to romantic identity. Sexual identity may also refer to sexual orientation identity, which is when people identify or dis-identify with a sexual orientation or choose not to identify with a sexual orientation. Sexual identity and sexual behavior are closely related to sexual orientation, but they are distinguished, with identity referring to an individual's conception of themselves, behavior referring to actual sexual acts performed by the individual, and sexual orientation referring to romantic or sexual attractions toward persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, to both sexes or more than one gender, or to no one.

Over the course of its history, the LGBT community has adopted certain symbols for self-identification to demonstrate unity, pride, shared values, and allegiance to one another. These symbols communicate ideas, concepts, and identity both within their communities and to mainstream culture. The two symbols most recognized internationally are the pink triangle and the rainbow flag.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demisexuality</span> Only experiencing secondary sexual attraction

Demisexuality is a sexual orientation in which an individual does not experience primary sexual attraction – the type of attraction that is based on immediately observable characteristics such as appearance or smell and is experienced immediately after a first encounter. A demisexual person can only experience secondary sexual attraction – the type of attraction that occurs after the development of an emotional bond. The amount of time that a demisexual individual needs to know another person before developing sexual attraction towards them varies from person to person. Demisexuality is generally categorized on the asexuality spectrum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of LGBT topics</span> Overview of and topical guide to LGBT topics

The following outline offers an overview and guide to LGBT topics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aromanticism</span> Lack of romantic attraction to others

Aromanticism is a romantic orientation characterized by experiencing little to no romantic attraction. The term "aromantic", colloquially shortened to "aro", refers to a person whose romantic orientation is aromanticism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gray asexuality</span> Spectrum between asexuality and allosexuality

Gray asexuality, grey asexuality, or gray-sexuality is the spectrum between asexuality and allosexuality. Individuals who identify with gray asexuality are referred to as being gray-A, gray ace, or grace, and make up what is referred to as the "ace umbrella". Within this spectrum are terms such as demisexual, semisexual, asexual-ish and sexual-ish.

Discrimination against asexual people, also known as acephobia or aphobia when directed at aspec people, encompasses a range of negative attitudes, behaviours, and feelings toward asexuality or people who identify as part of the asexual spectrum. Negative feelings or characterisations toward asexuality include dehumanisation, the belief that asexuality is a mental illness, that asexual people cannot feel love, and the refusal to accept asexuality as a genuine sexual orientation. Asexuality is sometimes confused with celibacy, abstinence, antisexualism, or hyposexuality.

Amatonormativity is the set of societal assumptions that everyone prospers with an exclusive romantic relationship. Elizabeth Brake coined the neologism to capture societal assumptions about romance. Brake wanted to describe the pressure she received by many to prioritize marriage in her own life when she did not want to. Amatonormativity extends beyond social pressures for marriage to include general pressures involving romance.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yasmin Benoit</span> English model, activist and writer (born 1996)

Yasmin Benoit is a lingerie and alternative model in the United Kingdom. She is also an asexual activist.

<i>Sounds Fake but Okay</i> Comedy podcast on gender and sexuality

Sounds Fake but Okay is a weekly comedy podcast that focuses on asexuality and aromanticism. The podcast is hosted by University of Michigan alumni Sarah Costello and Kayla Kaszyca. Each Sunday, Costello and Kaszyca "talk about all things to do with love, relationships, sexuality, and pretty much anything else they just don't understand."

The portrayals of asexuality in the media reflect societal attitudes towards asexuality, reflected in the existing media portrayals. Throughout history, asexual characters have appeared in television series, animated series, literature, comics, video games, music, and film.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Queerplatonic relationship</span> Non-romantic intimate partnerships

Queerplatonic relationships (QPR) and queerplatonic partnerships (QPP) are committed intimate relationships which are not romantic in nature. They may differ from usual close friendships by having more explicit commitment, validation, status, structure, and norms, similar to a conventional romantic relationship. The concept originates in aromantic and asexual spaces in the LGBT community. Like romantic relationships, queerplatonic relationships are sometimes said to involve a deeper and more profound emotional connection than typical friendship.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Split attraction model</span> Discordance between sexual and romantic attraction

The split attraction model (SAM) is a model in psychology that distinguishes between a person's romantic and sexual attraction, allowing the two to be different from each other.

<i>Aze</i> (magazine) Literary magazine

Aze is a literary magazine for asexual, aromantic, and agender people that was created in 2016 and publishes issues online. It was formerly known as The Asexual until 2019 when it expanded to include aromantic and agender people. The magazine publishes visual art, poetry, and personal and academic essays on the subjects of asexuality, aromanticism, and agender experiences and their various intersections. It was founded by Michael Paramo.

<i>Loveless</i> (graphic novel) Young adult graphic novel by Alice Oseman

Loveless is a graphic novel written by Alice Oseman. Published by HarperCollins Children's Books on 9 July 2020, the novel follows Georgia as she begins university. Depicting her journey of self-discovery as an asexual and aromantic individual, the novel received positive reception from literary reviewers and media outlets.


  1. Katherine M. Helm (2015). Hooking Up: The Psychology of Sex and Dating. ABC-CLIO. p. 32. ISBN   978-1610699518 . Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  2. Prause, Nicole; Graham, Cynthia A. (August 2004). "Asexuality: Classification and Characterization" (PDF). Archives of Sexual Behavior . 36 (3): 341–356. doi:10.1007/s10508-006-9142-3. PMID   17345167. S2CID   12034925 . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  3. Melby, Todd (November 2005). "Asexuality gets more attention, but is it a sexual orientation?" (PDF). Contemporary Sexuality. 39 (11): 1, 4–5. ISSN   1094-5725 . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  4. "Asexuality isn't celibacy or abstinence. Here's what it is — and isn't". CNN . Atlanta, Georgia: WarnerMedia. October 20, 2019. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  5. "4" (PDF). Peripheral Desires: The German Discovery of Sex. University of Pennsylvania Press. 2015. p. 122. ISBN   9780812291865 . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  6. Waters, Michael (March 6, 2020). "Finding Asexuality in the Archives". Slate . The Slate Group/Graham Holdings . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  7. Leidinger, Christiane (2013). Transgressionen – Streifzüge durch Leben und Werk von Emma Trosse (1863-1949). Männerschwarm Verlag GmbH.
  8. "Presbyterian Minutes". OutHistory. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  9. Lind, Earl (1922). The Female Impersonator. The Medico-Legal Journal.
  10. 1 2 Kinsey, Alfred (1948). "The Kinsey Scale". Kinsey Institute . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  11. Kinsey, Alfred C.; Pomeroy, Wardell B.; Martin, Clyde E. (1948). Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. Indiana University Press. ISBN   9780253019233 . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  12. Kinsey, Alfred C.; Pomeroy, Wardell B.; Martin, Clyde E.; Gebhard, Paul H. (1953). Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. Indiana University Press. ISBN   9780253019240 . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  13. MacKay, Brad (January 9, 2013). "Asexuals, the group that Kinsey forgot". University Affairs. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  14. "Asexuality and Satanism by Reverend Byrd". Church of Satan . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  15. Orlando, Lisa (1972). "The Asexual Manifesto".
  16. Rennie, Susan (February–March 1973). "Late Copy". Off Our Backs. 3 (6): 7. JSTOR   25783532.
  17. Chapman, Frances (January 1973). "Your Own Label". Off Our Backs. 3 (5): 6. JSTOR   25771710.
  18. Burroughs, William; Copetas, Craig (February 28, 1974). "Beat Godfather Meets Glitter Mainman: William Burroughs Interviews David Bowie". Rolling Stone . New York City: Penske Media Corporation . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  19. 1 2 Johnson, Myra T. (1977). "7". Asexual and Autoerotic Women: Two Invisible Groups. The Sexually Oppressed. Gochros, Harvey L., Gochros, Jean S. New York City: Association Press. pp. 96–107. ISBN   978-0809619153. OCLC   2543043.
  20. Owens, Ianna Hawkins (2014). On the Racialization of Asexuality. Asexualities: Feminist and Queer Perspectives. Routledge. p. 113. ISBN   978-1-134-69253-8 . Retrieved September 27, 2023.
  21. Storms, Michael D. (1979). "Sexual Orientation and Self-Perception". In Pliner, Patricia; Blankstein, Kirk R.; Spigel, Irwin M. (eds.). Perception of Emotion in Self and Others. Advances in the Study of Communication and Affect. Springer Nature. pp. 165–180. doi:10.1007/978-1-4684-3548-1_7. ISBN   9781468435481.
  22. Storms, Michael D. (1980). "Theories of Sexual Orientation" (PDF). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . 38 (5): 783–792. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.38.5.783 . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  23. Singer Kaplan, Helen (2013-06-17). Sexual Desire Disorders. doi:10.4324/9780203777480. ISBN   9781134864225.
  24. Ruspini, Elisabetta; Milks, Megan (2013). Diversity in Family Life. Policy Press. pp. 35–36. ISBN   978-1447300939 . Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  25. "Toby: neuter, genderless person pt1". The Sally Jessy Raphael Show/Multimedia Entertainment . BetamaxBooty. 1989. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  26. Rothblum, Esther D.; Brehony, Kathleen A. (1993). Boston Marriages: Romantic but Asexual Relationships Among Contemporary Lesbians. University of Massachusetts Press. pp. 35–36. ISBN   978-1447300939 . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  27. "Study: One in 100 adults asexual". CNN . Atlanta, Georgia: WarnerMedia. March 11, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  28. Sinclair, Jim (1997). "Personal Definitions of Sexuality". Jim Sinclair's Web Site. Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  29. O'Reilly, Zoe (May 30, 1997). "My life as an amoeba". StarNet Dispatches. Archived from the original on February 10, 2003. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  30. O'Reilly, Zoe (May 30, 1997). "Comments on My life as an amoeba". StarNet Dispatches. Archived from the original on February 19, 2002. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  31. Marshall Cavendish, ed. (2010). Sex and Society. Vol. 1. Fraser and Neave. pp. 82–83. ISBN   978-0-7614-7906-2 . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  32. Swash, Rosie (February 25, 2012). "Among the asexuals". The Guardian . Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  33. "New York State Assembly - A01971 Summary". New York State Assembly . January 17, 2001. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  34. Bogaert, Anthony F. (August 2004). "Asexuality: prevalence and associated factors in a national probability sample". Journal of Sex Research. 41 (3): 279–287. doi:10.1080/00224490409552235. ISSN   0022-4499. JSTOR   4423785. PMID   15497056. S2CID   41057104.
  35. Westphal, Sylvia Pagán (October 14, 2004). "Feature: Glad to be asexual". New Scientist . United Kingdom: New Scientist Ltd. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  36. "Discovery Channel - The Sex Files - "No Sex Please" (part 1) - 2004". The Sex Files/Discovery Channel . Asexual Media Archives. 2004. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  37. 1 2 3 Besanvalle, James (July 31, 2018). "Here's a handy way to tell if someone you meet is asexual". Gay Star News . London, England, United Kingdom: Iconic Labs. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  38. Silverman, Stephen M. (January 28, 2005). "SpongeBob Asexual, Not Gay: Creator". People . United States: Meredith Corporation . Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  39. "Asexuality on The View, Jan 15 2006". Lincoln Square Productions/American Broadcasting Company . husongshu. January 15, 2006. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  40. "Asexuality on Tucker Carlson, March 27 2006". MSNBC/NBC News/National Broadcasting Company . husongshu. March 27, 2006. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  41. Bulwa, Demian (June 29, 2009). "Gay Pride Parade sizzles in San Francisco". Houston Chronicle . Houston, Texas: Hearst Communications . Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  42. 1 2 Manzella, Sam (July 10, 2017). "Beyond the Rainbow: Your Guide to LGBT Flags". NewNowNext . Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  43. 1 2 "What is Ace Week?". AceWeek. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  44. Tarrant, Shira (June 19, 2015). Gender, Sex, and Politics: In the Streets and Between the Sheets in the 21st Century. Taylor & Francis. p. 278. ISBN   978-1-317-81475-7 . Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  45. Deutsch, Tamara (2017). Kevin L. Nadal (ed.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender. SAGE Publishing. doi:10.4135/9781483384269. ISBN   9781483384283 . Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  46. "The Love Doctor for Asexuals". OZY . Mountain View, California: Modern Media Company. December 6, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  47. Gevertz, Jack (May 5, 2015). "Britain's first openly asexual election candidate campaigns for change in York". YorkMix. York, England, United Kingdom: YorkMix Media Ltd. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  48. Muzaffar, Maroosha (July 8, 2018). "An Asexual Dating Platform Still Has Many Kinks to Sort Out". Vice News . New York City: Vice Media . Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  49. Morgan, Joe (February 5, 2016). "Meet the first US politician to come out as asexual". Gay Star News. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  50. Ace and Aro Journeys: A Guide to Embracing Your Asexual or Aromantic Identity. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 2023-04-21. pp. 252–53. ISBN   978-1-83997-639-1. AZE Journal is an online publication of agender, aromantic, and asexual people's creative expressions, including visual art, poetry, essays...
  51. Montenegro Marquez, Janeth (Spring 2022). "Asexual Latina/o/x Representation in AZE" (PDF). Feral Feminisms. 10 (2): 13–15.
  52. Mounir, Iman (September 4, 2019). "Arab Asexuals: Challenges in Sex Crazed Societies". Raseef 22. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  53. 1 2 Kim, Michelle (July 18, 2019). "These Podcasts Are Paving the Way for Aromantic and Asexual Representation". Them. Condé Nast . Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  54. "Sex Map of Britain: I Don't Want Sex". September 16, 2018. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  55. Jefferies, Beth (February 5, 2019). "Emi Salida Stars in Sky News Asexuality Documentary". TenEighty Magazine. United Kingdom: TenEighty Digital Ltd. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  56. "'Nothing about asexuality is abnormal' - teenager speaks out". Sky News . Grant Way, Isleworth, England, United Kingdom: Sky Group/Comcast. February 5, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  57. Fang, Dennis (May 31, 2018). "Channel Spotlight: Embly99". TenEighty Magazine. United Kingdom: TenEighty Digital Ltd. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  58. Skinner, Sam (February 15, 2019). "Emmerdale's Liv is asexual and her story will help people like me understand ourselves". The Dot and Line. Northcliffe House, Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom: DMG Media . Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  59. "Bradford author's asexual rewrite of classic stories". BBC . Broadcasting House, Portland Place and Langham Place, London, England, United Kingdom: BBC. March 11, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  60. Boatner, Cameren (December 12, 2019). ""Attitude" Becomes First UK Magazine Featuring an asexual Woman on Cover". South Florida Gay News . Wilton Manors, Florida: Norm Kent . Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  61. Gallagher, Sophie (December 6, 2019). "Attitude becomes first magazine to put an asexual woman on the cover". The Independent . Northcliffe House, Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom: Independent Digital News & Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2022-05-07. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  62. "Washington Becomes First State to Recognize Asexual Awareness Week!". October 20, 2019.
  63. "More pictures of the Ace Week proclamation in Washington!". October 24, 2019.
  64. Mak, Jaymee (March 16, 2020). "What I learned after being in a relationship with an asexual person". Cold Tea Collective. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: Cold Tea Collective Media. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  65. "It's Not You, It's Not Me. (Asexual Short Film)". Jaymee Mak. March 9, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  66. "Jaymee Mak - IMDb". IMDb . Amazon . Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  67. Galek, Lisa (December 16, 2020). "Ace and Aro Alliance of Central Ohio Creates Awareness and Offers Support & Advocacy". The Buckeye Flame. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  68. Being Not Straight , retrieved 2023-11-02
  69. "YouTuber Jaiden Animations Comes Out As Aroace, Here's What That Means". www.pride.com. Retrieved 2023-11-02.
  70. Lengyel-Szabó Péter, Halász Júlia - Odajönnek hozzám azzal, hogy jaj, te szegény, téged még senki sem dugott meg (Telex.hu, Youtube csatorna, 2023.04.15.)