Wawa station

Last updated
Wawa
SEPTA.svg
Former SEPTA Regional Rail station
Looking down former Wawa station towards West Chester in 2017.jpg
Former Wawa station site in March 2017. The left track formerly diverged to become the Octoraro Branch.
Location US 1 (Baltimore Pike)
Chester Heights, Pennsylvania.
Coordinates 39°54.041′N75°27.514′W / 39.900683°N 75.458567°W / 39.900683; -75.458567 Coordinates: 39°54.041′N75°27.514′W / 39.900683°N 75.458567°W / 39.900683; -75.458567
Owned bySEPTA
Line(s) West Chester Line
Platforms1 side platform
Tracks1
History
Closed1986
Electrified1928
Previous namesBaltimore Central Junction
Services
Preceding station SEPTA.svg SEPTA Following station
Starting in late 2021
Terminus Media/Elwyn Line Elwyn
Former services
Preceding station SEPTA.svg SEPTA Following station
Darlington
(closed 1986)
toward West Chester
West Chester Line Lenni
(closed 1986)
Preceding station Pennsylvania Railroad Following station
Darlington
toward West Chester
West Chester Branch Lenni
Chester Heights
toward Octoraro
Octoraro Branch Terminus

Wawa station is a defunct commuter rail station on the SEPTA Regional Rail R3 West Chester Line, located adjacent to U.S. Route 1 in Chester Heights, Pennsylvania. Originally built by the West Chester and Philadelphia Railroad, it later served the Pennsylvania Railroad's West Chester Branch, which finally became SEPTA's R3 line. The outer section of the line, including Wawa station, was closed in 1986.

Commuter rail passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city center, and the middle to outer suburbs

Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis. Trains operate following a schedule at speeds varying from 50 to 225 km/h. Distance charges or zone pricing may be used.

SEPTA Regional Rail commuter rail service

The SEPTA Regional Rail system is a commuter rail network serving the Philadelphia Metropolitan area. The system has 13 branches and more than 150 active stations in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, its suburbs and satellite towns and cities. It is the fifth-busiest commuter railroad in the United States, and the busiest outside of the New York and Chicago metropolitan areas. In 2016, the Regional Rail system had an average of 132,000 daily riders.

Media/Elwyn Line SEPTA Regional Rail line between Center City Philadelphia and Elwyn, Delaware County

The Media/Elwyn Line is a SEPTA Regional Rail line that runs from Center City Philadelphia west to Elwyn in Delaware County.

Contents

SEPTA will restore service on the Media/Elwyn Line from its current terminus at Elwyn station to Wawa at the end of 2021. [1]

History

Looking down former Octoraro Branch from Wawa station platform in 2017 Looking down former Octoraro Branch from Wawa station platform in 2017.jpg
Looking down former Octoraro Branch from Wawa station platform in 2017

The West Chester and Philadelphia Railroad (WC&P) began constructing its rail line from Philadelphia in 1852 and reached Wawa in 1857. The remainder of the line to West Chester was completed in 1858. The WC&P merged with the Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Railroad (P&BC) in 1881, and both were controlled by the Pennsylvania Railroad.

Philadelphia Largest city in Pennsylvania, United States

Philadelphia, known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2018 census-estimated population of 1,584,138. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.

West Chester, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

West Chester is a borough and the county seat of Chester County, Pennsylvania, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The population was 18,461 at the 2010 census.

Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Railroad

The Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Railroad (P&BC) was a railroad that operated in Pennsylvania and Maryland in the 19th and early 20th centuries. It operated a 110-mile (180 km) main line between West Philadelphia and Octoraro Junction, Maryland, plus several branch lines.

Wawa station was originally known as the Baltimore Central Junction Station, being the northern terminus of the P&BC, later called the Octoraro Branch. This line was built by the P&BC between 1855 and 1868, and originally connected with the Columbia & Port Deposit Railroad in Maryland. Tourist operator Wawa & Concordville Railroad leased the Concordville-Wawa segment in 1967 and 1968 to operate passenger trains. Damage caused by Hurricane Agnes 1972 rendered the line unusable.

Columbia and Port Deposit Railroad

The Columbia and Port Deposit Railroad (C&PD) was a railroad that operated in Pennsylvania and Maryland in the 19th and early 20th centuries. It operated a 34-mile long (55 km) main line between Columbia, Pennsylvania, and Port Deposit, Maryland, generally along the eastern shore of the Susquehanna River. It later acquired a branch line to Perryville, Maryland. The C&PD was subsequently purchased by the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) and, since the 1996 breakup of Conrail, is owned by Norfolk Southern Railway.

Maryland State of the United States of America

Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east. The state's largest city is Baltimore, and its capital is Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State. It is named after the English queen Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary.

Heritage railway railway used for heritage/historical/tourism purposes

A heritage railway is a railway operated as living history to re-create or preserve railway scenes of the past. Heritage railways are often old railway lines preserved in a state depicting a period in the history of rail transport.

The station, and all of those west of Elwyn station, was closed in September 1986, due to deteriorating track conditions and Chester County's desire to expand facilities at Exton station on SEPTA's Paoli/Thorndale Line. Service was "temporarily suspended" at that time, with substitute bus service provided. Wawa Station still appears in publicly posted tariffs.

Elwyn station SEPTA Regional Rail station in Media, Pennsylvania

Elwyn station is a SEPTA Regional Rail station in Media, Pennsylvania. It is the southern terminus of the SEPTA Media/Elwyn Line.

Track (rail transport) rail infrastructure

The track on a railway or railroad, also known as the permanent way, is the structure consisting of the rails, fasteners, railroad ties and ballast, plus the underlying subgrade. It enables trains to move by providing a dependable surface for their wheels to roll upon. For clarity it is often referred to as railway track or railroad track. Tracks where electric trains or electric trams run are equipped with an electrification system such as an overhead electrical power line or an additional electrified rail.

Chester County, Pennsylvania County in Pennsylvania, United States

Chester County colloquially known as Chesco is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 498,886, increasing by 4.1% to a census-estimated 519,293 residents as of 2017. The county seat is West Chester. Chester County was one of the three original Pennsylvania counties created by William Penn in 1682. It was named for Chester, England.

Wawa station was demolished shortly after service ended. Some concrete foundations remain, as do the concrete curb for the platform edge, and the pedestrian tunnel under the track. The pedestrian tunnel is sealed off with sheets of metal. The access road and parking lot still exist albeit in a state of decay.

Concrete Composite construction material

Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement that hardens over time—most frequently in the past a lime-based cement binder, such as lime putty, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement or Portland Cement. It is distinguished from other, non-cementitious types of concrete all binding some form of aggregate together, including asphalt concrete with a bitumen binder, which is frequently used for road surfaces, and polymer concretes that use polymers as a binder.

Planned service restoration

In the early 1990s, SEPTA began discussing the prospect of restoring commuter rail service between Elwyn and Wawa. Little was done until June 2005, when engineering and design for the resumption of rail service finally began. SEPTA initially estimated that the cost for the 3-mile extension of service would be $51 million; the estimate cited in SEPTA's 2009 Capital Budget was $80 million. The construction project will include new track, catenary, signals, communications equipment, and structures; and a new station at Wawa with a large park-and-ride facility.

Wawa was chosen as the new terminal due to its proximity to the heavily travelled U.S. Route 1. The new ADA-compliant Wawa station will have high platforms, a sales office, ticket vending machines, and a passenger waiting room. SEPTA will also construct a new railcar storage facility at the Lenni station.

Wawa station is estimated to have 500 commuters on a typical weekday. [2] The engineering phase of the terminal project began in July 2005. [3] This included preliminary engineering, environmental impact analysis, and final engineering. Shortfalls in funding delayed completion of this phase due to the failing economy in 2008. SEPTA announced in 2015 in their "Rebuilding for the Future" project that service is expected to return to Wawa Station by, at the latest, 2020. [4] [5] Construction will take 24 to 36 months to complete. As of May 2018, the total budget has been revised to $177,900,000 with construction completing at the end of 2021. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Elwyn to Wawa". Rebuilding the System. Philadelphia, PA: Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA). Retrieved 2018-08-11.
  2. "R-3 rail line extension on track." Delaware County Times. 2004-10-18.
  3. "R3 extension expected to ease Elwyn parking." Delaware County Times. 2006-04-06.
  4. SEPTA. "SEPTA Fiscal Year 2009 Capital Budget and Fiscal Years 2009-2020 Capital Program." p. 45.
  5. "SEPTA proposed Capital Budget 2010" (PDF). SEPTA.