International reactions to the 2012 United States presidential election

Last updated
Mitt Romney and President Barack Obama shake hands in the Oval Office on November 29, 2012, following their first meeting since the election. P112912PS-0444 - President Barack Obama and Mitt Romney in the Oval Office - crop.jpg
Mitt Romney and President Barack Obama shake hands in the Oval Office on November 29, 2012, following their first meeting since the election.

As a result of incumbent U.S. President Barack Obama's re-election victory over Mitt Romney, reaction emanated from across the world including states and other institutions. Several U.S. embassies around the world held mock elections and hosted parties in watching the final result trickle through. [1] Obama made his first foreign trip after the election day success at the end of November when he visited Cambodia for the 2012 ASEAN summit amidst his foreign policy outlook shift to East Asia. On the same trip, he became the first ever U.S. president to visit Myanmar. [2] Global popular sentiment was generally in favor of Obama [3] with the exception of Chile, Pakistan and, speculatively, Iran. [4] Financial markets responded with mixed reactions to the result while the international news media reacted to specific issues surrounding the election.

Contents

States

Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan – President Hamid Karzai reacted to the victory from abroad, saying that he hoped relations will strengthen "on the basis of mutual interests of the two countries."

Flag of Albania.svg  Albania – President Bujar Nishani and Prime Minister Sali Berisha congratulated Obama on his re-election. [9] [10]

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina – President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner also congratulated Obama and called on him to "assume the role of global leader to overcome this political and economic crisis." [11]

Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia – President Serzh Sargsyan issued a congratulatory message to Obama the day following his re-election. [12]

Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia – Prime Minister Julia Gillard congratulated Obama on his victory by commenting on the close relations and work undertaken by their two states and stating she "look[ed] forward to continuing this friendship." Leader of the Opposition Tony Abbott also offered his congratulations to Obama and the newly elected members of Congress and governors saying that the U.S.–Australia alliance continued to enjoy bipartisan support in both countries. [15]

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium – Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo congratulated Obama, saying: "His re-election is an encouraging signal for the future of the United States, the whole world and also our future. Americans have made a choice in favour of a more just and tolerant America. He always chose a multilateral approach based on mutual respect, consultation and co-operation. American citizens are [also] showing the merits of a series of fundamental reforms in favour of greater justice and social protection [in regard to Obamacare]. [We hope for] a continuation of the fruitful co-operation with the president and his government in the interests of both countries and all their people."

Foreign Minister Didier Reynders, who visited the U.S. embassy at 7:00 as the result was coming on 7 November, hoped Obama would visit the country not just for EU issues but also a bilateral visit. He also predicted Obama would take more risks in his second term: "We expect initiatives in the Middle East. Maybe he will now be able to take stronger action against Syria." Defence Minister Pieter De Crem also echoed the sentiments over the Middle East: "US Middle East policy will centre on how to deal with Israel, how to deal with the gigantic tensions between Israel and Iran and the threat to security posed by Iran. I believe that a hard stand will have to be taken."
Minister-President of Flanders Kris Peeters said the continuation of the Obama administration was a positive development: "It's extremely important for Europe and Flanders in which ways Mr Obama will stimulate the American economy. A great worry that the president must address is the budget deficit. For all kinds of matters it's a good thing that the president is again getting a term to give his policies shape. I hope he will succeed." He also wrote on Twitter: "Congratulations Barack Obama. Four more years to push America forward." [16]

Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia – Vice Minister of Social Movement Coordination Cesar Navarro said before the election that regardless of whoever wins "the US won't modify its imperialist policy toward Latin America and its ambition to...dominate the developing countries."

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada – Prime Minister Stephen Harper issued an official statement that read: "On behalf of the Government of Canada, I would like to congratulate President Barack Obama on his victory in tonight's election and on being re-elected by the American people for a second term. ... Over the last four years, the President and I have worked on several important bilateral initiatives to generate jobs and growth in both our countries. ... I look forward to working with the Obama Administration over the next four years to continue finding ways to increase trade and investment flows between our countries. ... I also look forward to continuing to work with President Obama on pressing global economic issues as well as on security challenges, such as those in Iran and Syria. I would also like to congratulate all incoming and re-elected Members of Congress and Governors. Close cooperation between our two countries will be essential as we seek to create jobs, growth and long-term prosperity over the coming months and years." [17]

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China – Chinese President Hu Jintao wrote a telegram to Obama in which he lauded the "positive progress" in bilateral relations. He added: "You and I have common views on constructing a China-US cooperation partnership based on mutual respect, mutual benefit and a win-win situation and constructing a new model for relations between great powers." [18] The Foreign Ministry said that both Hu and Premier Wen Jiabao telephoned Obama to congratulate him.

Flag of Chile.svg  Chile – First Lady Cecilia Morel congratulated the Obama family and said "I can do nothing more than express great happiness and extend a congratulatory embrace to our dear friends Barack and Michelle Obama."

Carolina Tohá, who had been elected mayor of Santiago less than two weeks prior, wrote on Twitter of her relief, a "new hope" in Obama's re-election and that the world would be worse off with a different result. [21]

Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia – Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic said the next day that he was pleased with the result and that though Romney was competent the result was a close race. He added that he did not expect changes in relations between the two countries and that "great interest prevails for American elections as they impact not only America but the world too." Foreign and European Affairs Minister Vesna Pusic told a press conference that the electoral process was exciting and that the result was assurance of a continuity in the political orientation toward Croatia, which she said was significant and positive. "In a way we remain to be a partner to the US in the region and for us that is an important role." The public relations office later said that Milanovic sent a letter of congratulations on behalf of both Croatia and the Croatian people, in which he thanked Obama and his administration for its efforts in working towards Croatia's successful integration into the Euro-Atlantic institutions. [22]

Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia – President Juan Manuel Santos congratulated his counterpart Obama hours after the result, stating that "we hope to continue working in the same way as we have been for the past two years: coordinated, with the same purpose, with the same goals, and with the same results," adding that the "triumph of President Barack Obama is good news for us because it allows us to continue consolidating a relationship that already has a strong foundation." He also noted the harmonic relation between the two countries. [23]

Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica – Chancellor Carlos Roverssi told the local media that the result would not lead to much change for the country, with the possible exception of remittances to the country from its expatriates. [3]

Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba

Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark – Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt called Obama "an inspiring person with clear visions for the future" and wrote on Facebook: "I want to congratulate President Obama on his re-election. I look forward to continuing our close partnership. Particularly in times of crisis, we need visionary leaders who create social improvements, hold communities together and secure jobs and opportunities for many." Economy Minister Margrethe Vestager wrote on Twitter that she was "happy and relieved" at the result and she wished to "thank the American people".

Environment Minister Ida Auken also congratulated Obama via Twitter.

Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica – Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit lauded the relationship between the two countries, as well as his personal relationship with Obama. He added that he was "very pleased with the outcome of the election [and that] we have always enjoyed a close relationship with the United States of America and President Obama is a true friend. I have discussed our development plans with him on several occasions and he has always been cordial and attentive. US foreign policy is increasingly focused on anti-terrorism activities and dealing with global hot-spots rather than developmental issues, particularly those of the Caribbean and Latin American, hopefully this will improve going forward." A customary official congratulatory message was sent to Obama on behalf of the government and the people. [27]

Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador – Prior to the election, President Rafael Correa wished Obama luck saying: "[I do not want to] interfere in the internal matters of other countries. [But] I wish the best of luck to President Obama. I am personally fond of President Obama, I think he is a great person." Republican administrations, he added, "have always had a much more unfamiliar, a much more simplistic and primitive foreign policy toward Latin America." [28]

Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt – President Mohamed Morsi's spokesman Yasser Ali stated: "We congratulate the American people on their choice and we hope the newly elected US administration will work to achieve the interests of both the American and Egyptian people." He also said an official congratulatory note would be sent to Obama. [20] The Muslim Brotherhood's Ali Abdel Fatah said: "We don't care who wins, Obama or Romney. They have the same principles but with different methods. Their attitude towards the security of Israel to the detriment of Palestinians is the same. What we want is to reinforce our sovereignty. We do not want outside interference in our internal affairs, and we do not want the US to be Egypt's obligatory ally."

Flag of France.svg  France – President Francois Hollande sent his congratulations to Obama: "Your re-election is a clear choice in favor of an America that is open, unified, completely engaged in the international scene and conscious of the challenges facing our planet: peace, the economy and the environment." [30] He had also prior to the election said that he was inclined to favor Obama. [28] In his letter to Obama, Hollande wrote "Cher Barack," however his English was criticised for having too many grammatical flaws. [31]

Flag of Germany.svg  Germany – Facing an election of her own, Chancellor Angela Merkel's office released a letter she wrote to Obama that read: "I have deeply appreciated our many meetings and conversations about all the issues involved in developing the German–American and the transatlantic relationship, not least in overcoming the global financial and economic crisis. I look forward to continuing all this cooperation so both our countries can continue to stand side-by-side to contend with the important foreign policy and economic challenges that we face as friends and allies. I wish you continued strength and success in the second term before you." [32]

Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana – President Donald Ramotar said of the result that it was a "hard fought and well deserved victory." Prime Minister Sam Hinds added that the country was looking forward to continuing a good relationship. [33]

Flag of the Vatican City.svg   Holy See – In a telegram, Pope Benedict XVI assured Obama of his prayers and expressed the hope that "the ideals of freedom and justice that has guided the founding fathers of the United States of America continue to shine forth as the nation progresses." The Press Office Director Father Federico Lombardi stated that he hoped Obama will "respond to his citizen's expectations, serving law and justice [...] and respecting essential human and spiritual values while promoting a culture of life and religious freedom." [34]

Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary – Deputy Prime Minister Tibor Navracsics hoped for a U.S. foreign policy shift towards Hungary and the region, particularly in light of Russia's growing influence. "I think the Central European nations now somehow vanished in the eyes of the American foreign policy. The American foreign policy think tanks and analysts think that Central Europe is in a safe and dry place and it is not in danger of a possible Russian influence. We sometimes think differently."

Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland – President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson sent Obama greetings from himself, his wife and Iceland the day after the election. [37] In an interview with Stöð 2 he said that in regard to cooperation with Iceland in matters of the Arctic and renewable energy: "It is [now] more likely that Obama will be a greater ally and collaborator." [38]

Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir sent a letter of congratulations to Obama after the result. [39]

Flag of India.svg  India – Prime Minister Manmohan Singh congratulated Obama in a message he sent that read: "Your mandate gives you a historic opportunity to continue to work for the welfare of the American people as also for global peace and progress at an admittedly difficult juncture, not just for the U.S., but indeed for the world at large." [40]

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

Flag of Iran.svg  Iran – President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, speaking from Bali, said the election was a "battleground for capitalists" and mocked the campaign finance during the electoral process. [41] Vice President Mohammad Reza Rahimi told a research and scientific exhibition at Tehran University: "We will break grasping hands of Obama and we will be successful in bypassing the sanctions." [42] Head of the Judicial system of Iran Sadeq Larijani said Obama "should not expect Iran to come to negotiating table," in response to rumors of bilateral discussions between the two countries. [43]

Flag of Ireland.svg  IrelandPresident Michael D. Higgins conveyed congratulations from Ireland. He wrote to Obama: "The international community faces many daunting challenges and we look forward to your continued leadership and constructive engagement in the period ahead. The very close and warm relationship between Ireland and the United States has, with your help and encouragement, prospered during your tenure." [44]

Tánaiste and Foreign Affairs Minister Eamon Gilmore told RTÉ Radio 1's Morning Ireland of immigration reform in the U.S. "Although that was mentioned in his first term, it didn't materialise at all. I think that is because there is a recognition in the US administration that investment is a two-way street."

Flag of Israel.svg  Israel – President Shimon Peres, speaking from Moscow's Russian Academy of Science where he was made an Honorary Professor, indicated congratulations and certainty that Obama will cooperate over peaceful resolution to conflicts with Iran. [46]

We have all followed the elections in the United States. What happens in Russia and the US affects the entire world. I met President Obama and I highly appreciate him. He is an extraordinary person who represents the future, cares for the welfare of his people and for world peace. The US elections were a first-class democratic event. It was a complex election campaign, but one that was fascinating to follow. I am convinced that President Obama will serve a future of peace and prosperity, and from Russia I send my full appreciation and congratulations to the American people and the elected president. President Obama won thanks to his record and because he represents the future. I believe that everything he promised to do will be done. Throughout the way, he was a true friend of Israel. I am convinced it will remain this way in the future. It's wasn't President Obama who changed the United States, but there is no doubt that he is taking office to serving a different America.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu congratulated Obama saying: "The strategic alliance between Israel the U.S. is stronger than ever. I will continue to work with President Obama to protect the security interests of Israeli citizens." [47]

Defence Minister Ehud Barak similarly was effusive in praise for Obama, a move that was highlighted by CNN's Wolf Blitzer. [48]

Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan – President Nursultan Nazarbayev congratulated Obama on his victory by sending him a telegram which called for "hope, progress, and opportunities" that are "welcomed and embraced by the people of Kazakhstan." Nazarbayev said that Kazakhstan is taking concrete measures in achieving in Obama's views on building a nuclear-weapon free world and hoped that further dialogues between two nations will strategic partnership. [51]

Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya – President Mwai Kibaki said Obama's win was a re-affirmation of confidence in Obama's leadership and wished him for his second term with prayers for God's blessings. "On behalf of the Government and people of Kenya and on my own behalf I convey our congratulations to you, for your well deserved victory. I commend the American people for showing their confidence in your leadership. Kenya, as always is proud of our association with you. We look forward to the deepening of relations between our two countries during your second term in office," Prime Minister Raila Odinga also congratulated Obama saying: "Mr. Obama's success is particularly resonant in Africa this morning because not only is he an African American but the first American of immediate African descendant to have not only ascended to but succeeded in the most powerful and challenging office in the world." He added that the result would invigorate Obama's global supporters. Vice-President Kalonzo Mysoka and Deputy Prime Minister Musalia Mudavadi were also effusive in praise with Mudavadi saying: "He has made history as one of a few sitting presidents to be re-elected in America against a background of a poorly performing economy. His resilience is a lesson in how to turn adversity into opportunity;" he also congratulated Romney for his mature competition and conceding defeat honorably, while also calling on Kenyan political aspirants to emulate such manners in politics: "Elections and victory should be a celebration of the spirit of renewal rather than a contest for alienation of segments of society. I must applaud the two gentlemen and American voters for their sense of decency during campaigns and in both victory and defeat." [52]

Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo – President Atifete Jahjaga congratulated Obama on his re-election. "The Republic of Kosovo is a committed ally and a partner of the United States of America and we will continue to strongly engage in deepening the friendship and cooperation between our two countries and peoples. The United States of America has played the key role for the freedom and the right of the citizens of the Republic of Kosovo to be the masters of their own fate. We thank the United States under your leadership for playing an extraordinary role in the state-building process of the Republic of Kosovo, the advancement of the democratic process and our path toward the Euro-Atlantic integration." [58]

Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia – Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis told LNT that "Latvia has excellent cooperation with the reelected administration of United States President Barack Obama." He added that even though Latvia was ready to work with whomever would have been elected, cooperation with the Obama administration had been "very good" and resulted in many successes. [59]

Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon – All three of Lebanon's highest ranking leaders from each of the three main communities reacted to the result. Maronite Christian President Michel Sleiman congratulated Obama by telegram and added that he should work towards resolving regional turmoil and that he "seize[s] this opportunity to stress to your Excellency my desire to bolster cooperation between our friendly countries, to develop our bilateral ties in all fields and to praise the support shown by your country to Lebanon, its institution and causes." Sunni Prime Minister Najib Mikati said: "What we hope from this election is that the U.S. administration moves ahead with supporting Lebanon's sovereignty and independence and bolsters bilateral ties between our countries and joint cooperation to enable the Lebanese Army and Internal Security Forces to extend their authority across Lebanon;" he added that a new term would generate "new momentum" to find a comprehensive solution to the Middle East peace process. Shia Speaker Nabih Berri also congratulated Obama by telegram and added that he hoped Obama second term would result in the international community passing resolutions to strengthen peace and security in the world, but particularly in the Middle East. Berri added that he hoped to see the fulfillment of the aspirations of the Palestinian people for a state of Palestine "because this is the prerequisite for achieving peace in the region. We in Lebanon are looking forward to continued U.S. support to Lebanon's stability and to strengthen democracy in it." [61]

Loyalty to the Resistance bloc MP Hassan Hoballah decried: "The foreign policy of [the] US in the Middle East, and under all American presidents, was always biased in favor of Israel, regardless of who is the president, Democrat or Republican. The US has always stood against resistance movements in Lebanon or Palestine, and against every liberation movement aiming for independence and self-determination and development." [20]

Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia – President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf congratulated Obama and said the election was "undoubtedly an affirmation of the continued confidence the people of the Great United States repose in visionary and distinguished leadership. [I hope] that the next term will be marked by even greater achievements at home and abroad." [20]

Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania – President Dalia Grybauskaitė congratulated Obama and thanked Obama for the positive decisions he took that were of affect to Lithuania, such the permanent Baltic air-policing mission and the participation of U.S. troops, the reinforcement of NATO and the developing process towards the missile defense system. For his part, Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius said: "The election results do not make much difference for Lithuania, as – we have to put it very clearly – the Obama administration did a lot over the past four years to provide our region with certain important dimensions in terms of geopolitical safety. I mean NATO defense plans and the participation of US Armed Forces in various international maneuvers. As a conservative, I am always for the Republicans in my heart, but we have no complaints about this president whatsoever."

Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia – Prime Minister Najib Razak said: "It is my hope that President Obama will continue in his efforts to foster understanding and respect between the US and Muslims around the world. [Malaysia] stands ready to help the US as it seeks to better engage with those of Islamic faith." He added that he hoped for a furtherance of relations to "maintain regional peace, stability and prosperity for our people." Deputy Higher Education Minister Saifuddin Abdullah looked towards the next Malaysian general election in reading the Obama campaigns strategies and the lessons it could offer the incumbent Barisan Nasional party. "Obama was sharp in connecting with the changing electorate, such as the increase in Latino voters, and he has maintained the support of the youths. The BN can learn from his campaign."

Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands – President Christopher Loeak extended felicitation to Obama on behalf of the country's government and people saying that he hoped the mandate would allow for the enhancement of relations between the two countries, including issues such as climate change and maritime security. His letter read: "Both Lieom and I had the opportunity of meeting you and First Lady Michelle Obama at the Dinner Reception following your statement at this year's United Nations General Assembly, at which time, I was reaffirmed of your determination to uphold the values of international cooperation, tolerance, and the values of freedom that makes the United States a unique model for us all." [64]

Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova – President Nicolae Timofti congratulated Obama on behalf of the Moldovan people and himself. He wrote that he was confident Obama's "rich experience, extraordinary capabilities and resoluteness" would help the welfare of U.S. citizens and aid the U.S. "role ... in promoting democracy, freedom and human right observance all over the world" and that the U.S. has been a partner for Moldova "towards democracy and [a] market economy, and has always promoted the Republic of Moldova's Euro-integration and territorial integrity." [70]

Flag of Monaco.svg  MonacoPrince Albert II wrote to Obama in English: "Dear Mr President. ... [I offer you my] warmest congratulations ... best wishes for the progress of the United States of America, the influence of its ideals and the wellbeing of the American people." [31]

Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro – Prime Minister Igor Lukšić congratulated Obama and said that Montenegro–United States relations have been "friendly and constructive" since they began, while he hoped relations will be "further enriched by new ideas and initiatives." Such common interests entail partaking in peacekeeping missions around the world. "Given that our relations are continuously strengthened by our shared values and goals, we are proud to serve in a number of peacekeeping missions around the world and to stand shoulder to shoulder with the troops of other NATO countries in Afghanistan. I wish to thank you personally, Mr President, for your policy of supporting Montenegro, and the entire region, in our efforts to join the European and Euro-Atlantic structures, based on our merits and progress in meeting the accession requirements." [72]

Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia – Prime Minister Nahas Angula told a local radio station said after the election that Obama "should respect Africa. He pushed for the killing of the Libyan president Muammar Gaddafi. That's not acceptable. We want the peaceful resolution of African issues. I hope he does something better in terms of respecting Africa in his second term. [I hope Obama does not] embarrass [Africa again]. [73]

Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal – President Ram Baran Yadav issues a statement that read he wished for the "continued progress and prosperity of the US under Obama's leadership" Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai also congratulated Obama and issued a similar statement that expressed hope for a strengthening bilateral relations. [74]

Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands – Prime Minister Mark Rutte said: "Congratulations to president Barack Obama on his re-election after an extremely exciting race. The Netherlands looks forward to continuing the excellent alliance with the Obama administration in a number of areas over the next four years. We want that to grow further in the future. The Netherlands will therefore put effort into establishing a free trade agreement between the U.S. and the European Union." Foreign minister Frans Timmermans added: "In a changed world, the trans-Atlantic relationship is an anchor. The Netherlands and its partners will continue to invest in this." [75]

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand – Prime Minister John Key said: "[It was a] very hard fought campaign that was always going to be tight and tough but he's come through with a solid victory. From New Zealand's point of view it's really a carry on of situation normal for us." [76]

Flag of Nicaragua.svg  NicaraguaFirst Lady Rosario Murillo congratulated Obama saying: "I want to congratulate the North American people for their election yesterday that concluded with the reelection of President Barack Obama. I want to congratulate him with the warmth that the Nicaraguan people have toward the North American people on this day after the elections that will give continuity to the leadership of President Barack Obama." [77]

Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria – President Goodluck Jonathan, whose own election campaign was similar to Obama's previous one, issued a statement that read: "President Jonathan welcomes president Obama's victory in an intensely fought presidential race as an endorsement by the good people of the United States of his leadership, progressive world view and the very good work he has done in the past four years towards ending global economic depression and fostering global peace and security." [55] His spokesman, Dr. Reuben Abati, said the election was a reflection of his acceptability among the U.S. populace and that the result was an endorsement by them on his leadership, progressive world view and his work over the previous administration towards ending global economic depression and fostering global peace and security. "Nigeria, the Economic Community of West African States and the African Union enjoyed very cordial and productive relations with the Obama administration in his first term; President Jonathan looks forward to continuing to build on Nigeria and Africa's developmental collaboration with the United States in the next four years." [78] The Federal Executive Council, chaired by Jonathan, said that the result was "significant to Africa and Nigeria." According to the Minister of Information and National Orientation Labaran Maku felicitated Obama and said that the situation in the U.S. was akin to that of the Jonathan coming to power. [79] Oshodi Isolo II MP in the House Lawrence Ayeni said of the electoral process that it should be replicated in Nigeria so as to develop and shape its political culture to give credibility to future elections. "We still have a long way to go in Nigerian politics and that is why we must learn fast to achieve credible elections in 2015." [80]

Senate Leader Victor Ndoma-Egba expressed hope that Africa would get better attention in Obama second term than it did in the first term and that "it is a big relief that Obama won the election." Senate spokesman Enyinnaya Abaribe said Obama's win was a challenge to Nigeria. "Nigeria can draw so many lessons and inspiration from Obama's victory. The most important one is that some barriers are currently being broken. No part of this country should be excluded from leadership because everyone has everybody has something to offer." [81] The House also congratulated Obama.

Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus – President Dervis Eroglu congratulated Obama and wished, in a statement, that he would "increase his success in the new period and take fruitful steps for the USA people and for the world. The world which belongs to all of us needs reciprocal understanding, cooperation justice and peace." He also attributed Obama's win to in spite of the difficulties in his country and in the world with his patient and decisive attitude" and that "we believe that USA led by Obama shall use their power over our Greek neighbors and shall do whatever needed towards reaching an agreement in Cyprus and towards getting rid of the embargoes imposed on the Turkish Cypriot people by the Greek Cypriots." [85]

Flag of Norway.svg  NorwayLabour Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg congratulated Obama on his re-election, stating that "Norway has cooperated well with him during his first four years, and I look forward to cooperat[ing] with him during [the next] four new years;" he added that although his government would have cooperated well with a Mitt Romney presidency "Obama stands for political values and points of view that are closer to ours." [86]

Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine – According to Wafa , West Bank President Mahmoud Abbas congratulated Obama and hoped that he would continue to seek peace in the Middle East. [87] Chief negotiator Saeb Erekat urged Obama to make changes and support Palestine's bid to become a member of the UN. "We have decided to take our cause to the United Nations this month, and we hope that Obama will stand by us." [1]

Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan – President Asif Ali Zardari congratulated Obama on his re-election. A statement issued by the foreign ministry on behalf of Zardari read: "We warmly felicitate President Barack Obama on his re-election as the President of the United States of America. [89] President Zardari expressed the hope that the relationship between Pakistan and the US would continue to prosper during President Obama's new term in office." Furthermore, Zardari described him as "very reassuring for the AfPak region." A Pakistani foreign ministry spokesperson stated that Romney's election as president might have upset plans for the U.S. to begin drawing down troops from Afghanistan by 2014. An unnamed foreign ministry official said: "Any move to speed up the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan could have been hugely dangerous with Mitt Romney as President. Such a withdrawal will only make the Taliban feel very empowered." [90]

Flag of Peru.svg  Peru – President Ollanta Humala congratulated Obama in a letter that read that Humala had confidence in the further strengthening of bilateral relations: "I'm convinced the two countries will continue strengthening the excellent cooperation, dialogue and understanding that we have constructed." [93]

Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines – President Benigno Aquino III wrote a letter to congratulate Obama on his re-election. Aquino wrote that he is confident that Obama will "continue to harness the voices and ideas" of the country's citizens and "empower them further" as he moves the United States of America forward. [94] Vice President Jejomar Binay also issued a short statement congratulating Obama and his counterpart Biden. Both Filipino leaders expressed confidence in the continued strengthening of the decades-old alliance between the two countries. [95]

Flag of Poland.svg  Poland – Foreign Minister Radek Sikorski said that he did not see Hungary's Navracsics hope as bearing fruit as "traditionally, second term presidents, especially from the Democratic Party, try to do more to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. [Obama] has already promised to help establish a Palestinian state." [35]

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia – The Kremlin welcomed the election and was eager to boost relations. President Vladimir Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov said: "Overall the Kremlin welcomes the news of Barack Obama's victory in the elections. We express hope that the positive beginnings in bilateral relations and in international cooperation between Russian and the United States, in the interest of international security, will develop and improve." Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev added during a trip to Vietnam: "For us, he (Obama) is an understandable and predictable partner. That is the most important thing in politics. I am happy that the president of a very big, very influential state is not a man who considers Russia to be its enemy number one. That is funny. It's some kind of paranoia." Sergey Lavrov called for equality in relations. "We will continue to work with this administration. We are ready, on the basis of mutual equality, mutual profit and mutual respect ... to go as far as the U.S. administration is willing to go." [97] He also said of Romney that he was "glad that the president of a very big and very influential country won't be the man who considers Russia enemy No. 1." [41] The Italian media suggested relief on the Russian part that Romney did not win. [98] Putin had also said, prior to the election, that he favored an Obama win. [28]

Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda – The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Louise Mushikiwabo welcomed the result saying:

Rwanda congratulates President Barack Obama upon his re-election. I think it is a good thing and look forward to continue the good relationship we share with America. I don't speak for Africa but on behalf of Rwanda, I expect that we keep moving forward. We don't put demands on foreign leaders therefore we hope to strengthen our relationship at different levels of cooperation with the American people. [99]

Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia – President Danilo Türk cabled Obama with a congralutory message and told the American Chamber of Commerce's breakfast meeting with presidential candidates the next morning of Obama's "unwavering commitment to global peace and security. Barack Obama is a great leader with great potential for the future. Obama's re-election is a "new energy and a revival of the characteristic American optimism. Obama did a lot in his first term, proved that he's fighting for the right changes." He pointed to Obamacare as a specific issue Obama had handled. Speaker of Parliament Gregor Virant told the event: "As Obama's supporter I'm glad he won. Even if [Mitt] Romney won, this would not much change relations between Slovenia and the US. I think the outcome is good. For Slovenia, Obama's re-election means a continuation of the excellent political relations. The political relations between the two countries are really very good, but there's always potential for economic cooperation. What we need most now is investment" and that he hoped Slovenia was as important to the U.S. as the other side of the relationship. He also congratulated U.S. Ambassador Joseph Mussomeli

Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles – President James Michel welcomes the result saying it was a "testament of the American people's trust in his leadership and vision." His letter to Obama also mentioned commonalities in foreign relations based on "shared prosperity, good governance, peace and stability;" strong relations, particularly in regard to maritime security in the Indian Ocean, including against piracy in the region; and he congratulated U.S. citizens for the election that was "symbolic of the capacity of the American people to rise above adversity [following Hurricane Sandy] to become ever stronger and more resilient." [101]

Flag of Somalia.svg  SomaliaNewly elected President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud congratulated Obama the next day saying: "In my own name and on behalf of the Somali Government and people, I am pleased to offer my warmest congratulations to you on your re-election and wish you every success for your second term in office. United States of America is a key strategic partner of the Federal Republic of Somalia and we look forward to continuing the close cooperation established over the years and further strengthening our bilateral ties. As your leadership is vital to meeting global challenges, I am sure you will continue to play a leading role in the global issues that are facing the world." He felcitated the people of the U.S. on their decision. [102]

Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa – President Jacob Zuma congratulated Obama and said: "We value our relations with the United States and look forward to strengthening bilateral co-operation in the years to come." Zuma's international relations adviser Lindiwe Zulu said she was pro-Obama: "We are hoping that this time around he will even be able to visit South Africa, because if he doesn't, we won't forgive him for that! We also hope that in the next four years Africa will occupy a higher space in his agenda. In his own words, he says the best is yet to come, so we're looking out for that best that he's talking about from an African perspective." (Previously Obama had been criticized for spending less than one day in sub-Saharan Africa when he visited Ghana briefly in 2009.)

Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan – The president of the newest UN member state, Salva Kiir, sent a cable congratulating Obama. It also read: [103]

On behalf of the people of the Republic of South Sudan and on my own behalf, I extend our congratulations on your impressive victory in the United States of America's presidential election and on the vote of support you received from the citizens of your country. I sincerely wish you a good health, personal happiness and every success in taking on the new responsibilities and ensuring well-being, security in the World and in our region. Our relations are built in the spirit of shared commitment to democratic stable, united and prosperous South Sudan. Our joint work to ensure regional stability and close people to people contacts will continue to promote mutual understanding and dialogue between the United States and South Sudan, while our common efforts will overcome all challenges. I strongly believe and hope that cooperation between United States and South Sudan under your leadership will be further developed and enhanced.

Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka – President Mahinda Rajapaksa congratulated Obama, saying the win was reflective of acceptance of his commitment to change in such important aspects of U.S. policy as foreign relations. [104]

Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis – Prime Minister Denzil Douglas wrote to Obama that the U.S. people had "reaffirmed their faith and confidence in your vision, your leadership and your ability to move the country forward in the face of differences and diversity. Your diligence, tenacity, and fervour of the first four years have inspired them to believe that indeed, 'the best is yet to come.' You have been afforded a great opportunity to pursue your goal of building on the progress you have begun, reaching across the aisle to build consensus for the common good." [33]

Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – Prime Minister Dr. Ralph Gonsalves called Obama a "friend of St. Vincent and the Grenadines ... and the Caribbean" in congratulating him. and Biden on the "overwhelming victory". [33]

Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname – President Desi Bouterse congratulated Obama and wished him success in moving toward an economic recovery. "Our best wishes to you, your family and the people of the United States on this victory, which now enables you to continue on the path set out in 2008 for recovery of the major financial crisis in the US, which also affected the international community. In your campaign trail you used the word 'forward' and promised that the benefits from the aforementioned crisis will soon be feasible in the US economy and in the affected countries ..." He talked of Suriname–United States relations as being a "cordial friendship" and that he looked forward to meeting Obama again. [33]

Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden – Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt spoke of the issues ahead. "They have a huge debt and huge deficit. How they manage it will affect demand. This is a country that accounts for 20 percent of the world's demands for exports and it will affect China and Europe, and therefore Sweden"; while he also congratulated Obama: "He's been re-elected and has run a good and inclusive campaign. The Democrats are better at speaking to the whole of the United States."

Social Democratic chairman Stefan Löfven said he hoped the Democratic Party would have a real party "to celebrate the Obama win. When you look at Obama's campaign, you see there is a belief that politics and not just the market can make a difference." Though he also said he was "disappointed" with Obama's foreign policy in the Middle East and that there should be a more proactive foreign policy. Former party spokesman on economic plicy and MP Thomas Östros said that the result was "well-deserved. It has been a tremendously difficult time with the economic downturn. It's going to be interesting to see what he can do with four years in a better economic environment. I think the election result when it comes to values is very important for Europe. We've had an offensive period from right-wing conservatives and they have been defeated, and that will influence Europe; to see that modern values are winning in the US means a lot in Europe. I think [the fiscal cliff] will be solved because Americans solve these sorts of issues. Late, perhaps, but they do it. Perhaps after this defeat there will also be some Republicans who are willing to be more reasonable. I hope that Obama can be a little bit bolder in foreign policy, particularly in the Middle East, now that he doesn't have to be worried about re-election." Östros told The Local.
Green Party spokeswoman Åsa Romson said: "It's great news. Barack Obama stands for a modern view on issues such as women's rights, migration, and security policy. He's a better representative for the diverse society that the United States is today." Though she added that Obama should "live up to the high expectations and take responsibility" in regard to climate issues around the world. [105] However, another party MP, Mathias Sundin said that while he understood Swedes predisposition to side with the Democratic Party, the media were to blame for the unfair portrayal of the Republican Party: "Reporting on Democrats focuses on their accomplishments, while stories about Republicans focus on their views on abortion and the death penalty, for example. Everyone here assumes that Republicans are terrible, evil, right-wing extremists." He added that open support for the Republican Party in Sweden could make for a "strange existence. You get weird questions and are always on the defensive having to explain your views." [106]
The Liberal Party's Integration Minister Erik Ullenhag told several hundred attendees of a U.S. embassy event that also had other cabinet members and MPs said he was happy of Obama win but that "I was quite surprised [Obama was declared the winner so early]. If you'd asked me two weeks ago, I would have bet on Romney."

Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland

Flag of Syria.svg  Syria

Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan – President Emomali Rahmon wrote to Obama congratulating him and mentioning his appreciation of the level of partnership between the two countries on such issues of mutual benefit that include politics, security and socioeconomic and cultural-humanitarian aspects; while Tajikistan also wanted to expand cooperation. [110]

Flag of Tanzania.svg  TanzaniaNational Assembly Chairman Mussa Zungu said from Dodoma that Obama won because "President Obama pushed for government-funded healthcare schemes to poor Americans and more tax for rich, the policies that Governor Romney and his supporters were against." Chama cha Mapinduzi MP for Kigamboni Faustine Ndugulile said that elections in Tanzania should focus on party manifestos. "The US campaigns were dominated by the economy, jobs, power and national security agenda. This is how it should be even here." He said Romney's concession indicated political maturity.

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago – Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar wrote to the Trinidad Express : "[Obama] he earned his re-election, he remained grounded in the politics of hope and delivery to the people. Congrats President Obama, Obama lives on." [49]

Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia – Acting President Moncef Marzouki congratulated Obama on the renewed mandate he received. The message also highlighted the binding the two countries which "were further strengthened after the revolution of freedom and dignity in Tunisia" and that Marzouki was confident Obama's new term would give a fresh impetus to the two countries' relations and elevate them to a level of "strategic partnership." [112]

Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey – While on a flight to Indonesia upon hearing of electoral result, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan congratulated Obama. He also said that he had not pressed the U.S. on taking further action in Syria due to the electoral campaign but would not change in asking for a "totally different" attitude. [113]

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom – Prime Minister David Cameron sent his congratulations from Jordan to Obama saying: "I would like to congratulate Barack Obama on his re-election. I have really enjoyed working with him over the last few years and I look forward to working with him again over the next four years. ... Above all, congratulations to Barack. I've enjoyed working with him, I think he's a very successful US president and I look forward to working with him in the future." [114] At the refugee camp for Syrians, he added that Obama's new administration should further initiatives should be taken to strengthen the opposition fighters in Syria and that there was a need to "shape the opposition" into a coherent force and to open channels of communication with the said forces. [115] During a telephone conversation later in the week, Cameron reiterated his congratulation to Obama personally and discussed international issues that need to be tackled with, including a resolution to the liking on Syria and the aftermath of the Libyan civil war. [116]

Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg said that Obama's reelection was proof that the electorate have "long memories" about those who he said had initiated the global financial crisis.[ citation needed ]

Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela – Following a recent re-election himself, President Hugo Chávez said: "I hope this doesn't harm Obama, but if I was from the United States, I'd vote for Obama." [108] However, the day before the election he also added that whoever wins the election would not offer much change. [117] He later said that "[Obama] should reflect first on his own nation, which has a lot of economic and social problems. It's a divided, socially fractured country with a super-elite exploiting the people. He should dedicate himself [instead] to governing his country and forget dividing and invading other nations." [118]

Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg  Western Sahara – President Mohamed Abdelaziz sent a congratulatory message to Obama and called for U.S. and the international community to redouble efforts to find a solution to the Western Sahara dispute. "We hope that the U.S., under his leadership, become more involved in the efforts of the international community for the decolonization of Western Sahara, the last colony in Africa. The Saharawi people, who are victims of foreign occupation for more than three decades, have always considered the United States a strong defender of freedom, democracy and respect for human rights and peoples, a tenacious opponent of tyranny and injustice in the world." [119]

Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia – President Michael Sata congratulated Obama's, via his Special Assistant for Press and Public Relations George Chellah, saying his re-election was an "affirmation of the trust and confidence the people ... in his leadership" and that Obama had gotten an endorsement of his leadership. He added that furthering United States–Zambia relations was important "at this critical time in the political, social and economic evolution of the African continent", and this is according to a statement released by President Sata's Special Assistant for Press and Public Relations, George Chellah.

Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe – Education Minister David Coltart wrote on Twitter: "Congratulations @BarackObama on your victory. My prayer is that you will use your 2nd term to help the #peace process in #Zimbabwe. It takes an election in such a vast country and so close to show us #Zimbabweans what we need to do if we are to respect our right to elect." [55]

The Movement for Democratic Change released a statement that read: [121] "The MDC congratulates the Americans for displaying such immense degree of maturity in the run up, during and after the election. It is inspiring to all of us in the fight for democracy to note that it is possible for a people to openly and freely demonstrate their divergent viewpoints without acrimony but respect and tolerance of each other's preferences. The world and Zimbabwe in particular should emulate the level of political maturity as displayed by the Americans during their election period. The humility shown by Romney in conceding defeat is humbling. As we look forward to our elections next year we implore the people of Zimbabwe to rise above petty political differences and respect one another as we exercise our democratic right to choose who will represent us in the next government in a free and peaceful environment. ... The MDC continues to push for the creation of better condition for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe before the holding of watershed elections next year in which the nation hopes to bring in a new and different kind of governance for the sustainable development of the country."

International organizations

Flag of Europe.svg  European Union – President Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso issued a joint statement that read: "The US is a key strategic partner of the EU and we look forward to continuing the close cooperation...to further strengthening our bilateral ties and to jointly addressing global challenges, including in the fields of security and economy." [18] European Parliament President Martin Schulz said: "In the last two-to-three years, from time to time, we felt a certain kind of 'fatigue' in the relationship between the EU and the United States of America. The re-election of Barack Obama on the basis of his program is an encouragement for all of us, for more cooperation on the basis [of] our common interests in the fight against worldwide speculation, [the] fight against the problems of climate change and in cooperation for peace, justice and development worldwide." [35]

Flag of NATO.svg  NATO – Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said: "President Obama has demonstrated outstanding leadership in maintaining this vital bond, and I look forward to continuing our close cooperation to ensure NATO remains effective in a fast-changing world." [18]

OSCE logo.svg OSCE – A statement was issued by the observation mission of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights exclaiming that the election had been "administered in a professional manner" but recommended that a number of concerns about the electoral process be addressed. Specifically the voters' registration process was said to need improvement since about 50 million eligible citizens were not registered. Other criticism included insufficient transparency of the parties' campaign spending and the barring of international election observers from polling stations in several states. [122]

Financial markets

With the result reaching Asia in the morning, stock market indices around the continent rose as did currencies as a result of Obama's win. [123] However, futures markets in the U.S. fell on the news. [124] The Aussie appreciated to its greatest level against the United States dollar in six weeks following the news of the result. [125] Japan's stock market indices also fell as a result of a stronger yen following the result. [126] Iran's stock market index rose and its recently depreciating currency rose slightly in the wake of Obama's win. The United States stock market indices fell over 2% the following day in response to a split Congress. [127] That week, the U.K.'s FTSE index also fell over the same concerns. [128] The Taiwan dollar also rose to a 14-month high on news of the result. [129] Chile's IPSA stock market index also fell on the news of the result. [130] In reaction to the result, the Hungarian Forint rose on speculation of an increase in risk appetite sentiment. It also result in a decrease in sovereign bond yields. [131]

Media

About Michelle Obama, the First Lady, to come and help African women, no way; we should help ourselves and be reminded that America has more than 300 million people out of whom 52 per cent are women and many of them in need of Michelle Obama; so charity begins at home please! Let us work hard and be productive; did you notice that only in Africa some people even decided to have a holiday because Obama had won election when in America itself and Washington DC business went on as usual! Africa needs to wake up. [155]

identify with this great man let us take the opportunity to put the African back to his place in the world map, the place of ability and willpower to overcome challenges such as poverty and ignorance; to overcome greed through sacrifice, hard work and love in pursuit of happiness. Obama has proven that is possible. All the things about racism will fall away. Let us support Obama by portraying him in the manner that he is, the future is yet to come. [158]

Individuals

Two days after the election, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange said of Obama that he was a "wolf in sheep's clothing" and that he expected continued suppression attempts of Wikileaks; he added that the victory was not a cause for celebration. [163]

Obama seems to be a nice man, and that is precisely the problem. It's better to have a sheep in wolf's clothing than a wolf in sheep's clothing. All of the activities against WikiLeaks by the United States have occurred under an Obama administration. The Republican party has not been an effective restraining force on government excesses over the last four years. There is no reason to believe that will change—in fact, the Republicans will push the administration into ever greater excesses. The re-election of Barack Obama coincides with the 899th day of Bradley Manning's confinement. [164]

Others

Vice President of Foreign Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution, Martin Indyk, said of the coming year that relations with Iran would be decisive, "It's going to be very high on the agenda. Preventing Iran from getting nuclear weapons is a critical imperative for bolstering the nonproliferation regime." Director of RAND International Security and Defense Policy Center, James Dobbins, said of implication for the Syrian Civil War that: "I don't think it's viable to stand aside if Syria gets worse and unless the Iranians are stupid enough to give us a better rationale for an unprovoked attack, I don't think the administration would do it." [165] Head of the Washington D.C.-based Inter-American Dialogue Michael Shifter said of Latin America's reaction to Obama: [11]

[The immigration issue] was an area of disappointment ... and in general in Latin America there's been disappointment in Obama, which is why I think people would do well to have their expectations in check this time around.

...

Progress [in relations with Latin America] under Obama has been modest at best, . . . But of course this was a choice. And some of the rhetoric from the Republicans, and from [presidential candidate Mitt] Romney himself, was a lot more aggressive and made a lot of Latinos and Latin Americans very uneasy.

...

In the relationship with Cuba, from Washington's point of view, there were steps that were taken, . . . in terms of making travel more flexible, lifting restrictions put into place under [President George W] Bush, on remittances.

But Latin America viewed these moves as "nothing" ...

It was seen as politically safe and that Obama hasn't been prepared to invest much political capital in the region.

...

I don't think there is anything to suggest that things will be different this time around. ... I think the only ray of hope for Latin Americans will be on immigration.

Director of Universidad de Chile's Institute of National Studies José Morandé said: "The idea is that Obama is more functional to the current relationship between the two governments. There are good vibes between Obama and the president of Chile." The Deputy Director of the Institute of Public Affairs of the Universidad de Chile Robert Funk added:

Latin America is not a priority in terms of foreign policy in the general sense, or at least in the short term. No one's going to come to Chile because Obama won. That didn't happen last time, and this time people actually know what Obama's about. It's a challenge for Chile. Brazil is going to become a major power in the region and Chile's going to have to find a way to deal with that and to balance that with the United States. It will be interesting to see how Chile plays its loyalties. [21]

The London-based Royal United Services Institute's analyst Shashank Joshi also said: "With the re-election of Obama, what you have is a strong confidence on the British side that the U.S. administration will be engaged more on Syria from the get-go." [166] Bahraini analyst Ahmed el Morched wrote: "As Arabs we are interested in how will a Democratic president deal with our problems. Will he free himself of the Jewish lobby?" [29] Dr Tang Siew Mun, the director of foreign policy and security studies at Malaysia's Institute of Strategic and International Studies said: "One platform that Datuk Seri Najib (Anwar Ibrahim) will likely continue to champion is his Global Movement of Moderates. He may look to partner more closely with the US on that platform to fight extremism." [63] Director of the Politicon Center for Strategic Researches and Political Consultations in Moldova Anatol Taranu said that he expects a new Obama administrations would not have radical changes and should be a stabilizing factor for Moldova–United States relations and Moldova would continue receiving financial assistance from the U.S. [167]

Italian analysts suggested Obama could help ease the European sovereign debt crisis in his second term. Il Sole 24 Ore 's political analyst Stefano Folli said: "This is yet another reason for Italy to feel close to the reconfirmed leader [as the United States and Europe know they] either stand together or fall together." Nomisma research institute's Alessandro Politi agreed that the Eurozone's future depends on systemically managing dialogue with the United States to coordinate the differing economic policies of each of its member states. "We need to stop losing time on personal interests. Obama's re-election gives Europe one more opportunity to help itself and to fix the crisis, but the single currency region has to grasp it with firmer belief." [168] The London-based Royal United Services Institute's analyst Shashank Joshi also said: "With the re-election of Obama, what you have is a strong confidence on the British side that the U.S. administration will be engaged more on Syria from the get-go." [166]

See also

Related Research Articles

Michelle Obama Former First Lady of the United States

Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama is an American attorney and author who served as the First Lady of the United States from 2009 to 2017. She was the first African-American woman to serve in this position. She is married to the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama.

The political positions of Mitt Romney have been recorded from his 1994 U.S. senatorial campaign in Massachusetts, the 2002 gubernatorial election, during his 2003–2007 governorship, during his 2008 U.S. presidential campaign, in his 2010 book No Apology: The Case for American Greatness, during his 2012 U.S. presidential campaign, and during his 2018 senatorial campaign in Utah. Some of these political positions have changed, while others have remained unchanged.

International reactions to the 2008 United States presidential election

This article lists international reactions to the 2008 United States presidential election of Barack Obama as the 44th President of the United States on November 4, 2008 and his inauguration on January 20, 2009.

2012 United States presidential election 57th quadrennial U.S. presidential election

The 2012 United States presidential election was the 57th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012. Incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, incumbent Vice President Joe Biden, were re-elected to a second term. They defeated the Republican ticket of businessman and former Governor Mitt Romney of Massachusetts and Representative Paul Ryan of Wisconsin.

The foreign policy of the Barack Obama administration was the foreign policy of the United States from 2009 to 2017, during the presidency of Barack Obama. The term Obama Doctrine is frequently used to describe the principles of the Obama administration's foreign policy.

A New Beginning Speech delivered by United States President Barack Obama on 4 June 2009

"A New Beginning" is the name of a speech delivered by United States President Barack Obama on 4 June 2009, from the Major Reception Hall at Cairo University in Egypt. Al-Azhar University co-hosted the event. The speech honors a promise Obama made during his presidential campaign to give a major address to Muslims from a Muslim capital during his first few months as president.

International reaction to the 2009 Iranian presidential election

Reactions to the 2009 Iranian presidential election varied across the world. Most Western countries expressed concern, while most countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa that expressed any opinion congratulated Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for his victory. The UN and EU also expressed concern about the aftermath.

2009 Nobel Peace Prize Award

The 2009 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to United States President Barack Obama for his "extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between people". The Norwegian Nobel Committee announced the award on October 9, 2009, citing Obama's promotion of nuclear nonproliferation and a "new climate" in international relations fostered by Obama, especially in reaching out to the Muslim world.

Following the 2008 United States presidential election, media around the world reacted in a variety of ways. Most expressed positive hopes and expectations for the president-elect, but some tried to prepare their readers for disappointment. Editorials varied from elation to cautious optimism, and a few were outright skeptical. Many celebrated Barack Obama's win as historic and a sign of changing race-relations in the United States. Many commentators said the election results surprised them because there was an international perception that America was too racist to elect a black president. Many also said people in their country were blinded by infatuation with Obama and encouraged them to see him as a normal human being capable of error. Within a week, the excitement and elation subsided somewhat and many newspaper editorials began to caution that Obama had enormous obstacles ahead.

2011 Turkish general election

Turkey's 17th general election was held on 12 June 2011 to elect 550 new members of Grand National Assembly. In accordance to the result of the constitutional referendum held in 2007, the election was held four years after the previous one instead of five.

Mitt Romney 2012 presidential campaign Presidential campaign

The Mitt Romney presidential campaign of 2012 officially began on June 2, 2011, when former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney formally announced his candidacy for the Republican Party nomination for President of the United States, at an event in Stratham, New Hampshire. Having previously run in the 2008 Republican primaries, this was Romney's second campaign for the presidency.

South Sudan–United States relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of South Sudan and the United States of America

South Sudan–United States relations are the bilateral relations between the Republic of South Sudan and the United States of America.

2012 United States presidential election in Ohio Election in Ohio

The 2012 United States presidential election in Ohio took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 United States presidential election in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia participated. Ohio voters chose 18 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and his running mate, Congressman Paul Ryan. This election continued Ohio's bellwether streak, as the state voted for the winner of the presidency in every election from 1964 until 2016.

2013 Armenian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Armenia on 18 February 2013. In the run-up to the elections, Armenian's first President Levon Ter-Petrosyan and one of the richest men in the country Gagik Tsarukyan, leader of the second largest parliamentary party Prosperous Armenia, withdrew from the race in December 2012. Many believed that no candidate would be able to challenge incumbent President Serzh Sargsyan, others stated that people see "absence of alternatives" and these factors caused great apathy among the public.

"You didn't build that" is a phrase from a 2012 election campaign speech delivered by United States President Barack Obama on July 13, 2012, in Roanoke, Virginia. In the speech, Obama stated, "Somebody helped to create this unbelievable American system that we have that allowed you to thrive. Somebody invested in roads and bridges. If you've got a business, you didn't build that." The sentence "If you've got a business, you didn't build that" was publicized by his political opponents during the 2012 presidential campaign, as an attack by Obama on business and entrepreneurs. The Obama campaign responded that the criticisms were taking the phrase out of context, and the word "that" in the phrase was referring to the construction of "roads and bridges" in the previous sentence.

Following the 2012 diplomatic missions attacks that began on September 11, 2012, many nations and public officials released statements. Widespread early news coverage said that the protests were a spontaneous response to an online preview of Innocence of Muslims, a movie considered offensive to Muslims. Later consideration of the Libya attack's complexity, of statements made by some Libyan officials, and of the potentially symbolic date fueled speculation of preplanned efforts. U.S. missions in Cairo, Egypt, and Benghazi, Libya, were attacked during the first day of the protest.

Newspapers made endorsements of candidates in the 2012 United States presidential election, as follows.

Barack Obama served as the 44th President of the United States from 2009 to 2017. Before his presidency, he served in the Illinois Senate (1997–2004) and the United States Senate (2005–2008).

International reactions to the 2016 United States presidential election

International reactions to the November 8, 2016, election of Republican Donald Trump emerged from around the world, including states, other institutions, and people.

International reactions to the 2020 United States presidential election International reaction to the 2020 U.S. presidential election

International reactions to the November 7, 2020, announcements by major news networks that the Democratic politicians Joe Biden and Kamala Harris had won the 2020 United States presidential election emerged from around the world, including individuals, sovereign states, and other institutions. Numerous foreign leaders have sent Biden and Harris messages of optimism about working together.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Mason, Margie (2012-11-07). "World leaders celebrate Obama re-election". The Australian. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  2. Talev, Margaret (2012-11-05). "Obama Asia Trip to Mark First Myanmar Stop by U.S. President". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  3. 1 2 "Analysis: does Obama win matter to Costa Rica?". News.co.cr. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  4. Rajeev Srinivasan (2012-10-13). "Barack Obama is really president of the world". Firstpost. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  5. 1 2 "Karzai welcomes Obama re-election, Taliban call for withdrawal". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  6. "Barack Obama must clean up Afghanistan politics: Opposition leader". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  7. "Remarks of spokesman of Islamic Emirate regarding the reelection of Obama –". Arrahmah.com. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  8. "War-weary Afghans shrug off Obama re-election" . Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  9. "The Head of the Albanian state congratulates the US President Obama on his re-election to the high office; President". President.al. 2012-07-27. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  10. "Keshilli i Ministrave" (in Albanian). Km.gov.al. Archived from the original on 2015-04-04. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  11. 1 2 3 4 Grant, Will (1970-01-01). "Latin America looks for more action from Barack Obama". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  12. "Armenia's President congratulates Obama on reelection". NEWS.am. 2009-06-13. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  13. "Ambassador: Barack Obama will continue his involvement in Nagorno-Karabakh conflict settlement process". En.trend.az. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  14. "Obama to continue being involved in the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process". 1in.am. 2012-11-08. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  15. "Gillard, Abbott congratulate Obama on re-election". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  16. "Will President Obama visit Belgium?". Deredactie.be. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  17. 1 2 "World reaction to the U.S. presidential election". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  18. 1 2 3 "World leaders welcome Obama's re-election". Deutsche Welle . November 7, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  19. "CE congratulates US President" . Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  20. 1 2 3 4 "World Leaders: He Earned His Stripes". Liberian Observer.com. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  21. 1 2 Green, Emily (2012-11-07). "Obama's reelection receives positive reactions among Chileans". Santiago Times. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  22. "Croatian top officials pleased with Obama's re-election". Dalje.com. 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on 2013-03-12. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  23. "Colombia's president congratulates Obama on reelection". Colombia Reports. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  24. "U.S. expats in Costa Rica pop the Champagne after Obama win". The Tico Times. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  25. Rainsford, Sarah (1970-01-01). "US-Cuba ties: Obama win stirs little hope among Cubans". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  26. "Danish leaders congratulate Obama on his re-election". Cphpost.dk. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  27. "Dominica should benefit from Obama's victory". 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on 2015-04-01. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  28. 1 2 3 "Ecuador's president praises Obama, wishes him luck in election". Foreign Policy. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  29. 1 2 3 4 "US 2012: Arab world discenchantment, Obama lesser of 2 evils". Ansamed.ansa.it. 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  30. "World Reaction To 2012 Election: Barack Obama's Re-Election Elicits Strong Feelings Around The Globe". The Huffington Post. The Associated press. November 7, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  31. 1 2 "Prince Albert II congratulates Obama". The Riviera Times Online. Archived from the original on 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  32. "US election results: Angela Merkel congratulates Barack Obama, hails cooperation to beat crisis". Times of India. Retrieved 2012-11-10.[ dead link ]
  33. 1 2 3 4 "Bouterse wishes Obama success with continuing recovery endeavors". Devsur.com. 2012-11-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  34. "Holy Father Sends Message to President Obama". Zenit. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  35. 1 2 3 Stefan Bos (2012-11-07). "Ex-Communist Nations Nudge Obama Amid Feelings of Neglect". Voanews.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  36. "4 more years!". Budapest Times. 2012-11-09. Archived from the original on 2012-11-17. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
  37. "Greetings to the President of the United States". President of Iceland . Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  38. "Obama öflugri bandamaður en Romney" [Obama greater ally than Romney] (in Icelandic). Stöð 2. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  39. "Congratulation to Obama on his re-election". Prime Minister's Office . Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  40. "PM congratulates President Barack Obama". Pmindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  41. 1 2 3 4 "The best of the world leader congratulations". Foreign Policy. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  42. "Iranian vice president says Tehran will break Obama's 'grasping hands'". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-13.[ dead link ]
  43. "After Obama victory, Iran says US shouldn't expect talks". Jerusalem Post. Reuters. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  44. "Higgins leads tributes to Obama". The Irish Times. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  45. "Irish politicians feel hopeful that Barack Obama will deliver on immigration reform". IrishCentral. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  46. "Peres: Obama to serve future of peace, prosperity". Ynetnews.com. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  47. Ravid, Barak (7 November 2012). "Netanyahu lauds Obama victory: Israel-U.S. ties are stronger than ever". Haaretz. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  48. Armbruster, Ben (2012-07-30). "Israeli Leaders Praise Obama's Commitment To Israel's Security". ThinkProgress. Archived from the original on 2012-10-31. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  49. 1 2 "Obama's Re-election Cheered by Caribbean Politicians and Nationals". The St. Kitts-Nevis Observer. 2012-11-02. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  50. "Obama will get second term invite to Obama, Japan". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  51. "President Nursultan Nazarbayev Sends Telegram Congratulating Barack Obama on His Re-Election as President of the United States of America". Akorda.kz. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
  52. "Kenya Broadcasting Corporation". Kbc.co.ke. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  53. "Mama Sarah wishes Obama well on Election Day". cnn.com. 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  54. Aude Genet (7 November 2012). "Kenyan Obama clan prepares for a long night". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  55. 1 2 3 4 David Smith in Pretoria (2012-11-07). "Africa's reaction to Obama's election victory". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
  56. "Obama's Kenyan ancestral home anxiously eyes vote" . Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  57. "Kenya cools on Obama". The Washington Post. 6 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  58. "Presidente e Republikës së Kosovës – Atifete Jahjaga" (in Albanian). President-ksgov.net. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  59. "Latvia has excellent cooperation with Obama's administration – Dombrovskis". Leta.lv. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  60. "Pekala: Latvian-American relations to become closer after Obama's re-election". Baltic Times. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  61. "Lebanese leaders congratulate, press Obama". The Daily Star. 2012-08-07. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  62. "Lithuanian leaders congratulate Barack Obama on re-election". 15min.lt. 2012-09-26. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  63. 1 2 Cheng, Teo (2012-11-07). "Malaysia hopes Obama win will strengthen ties with Muslim world". Straits Times. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  64. "Marshall Islands President Loeak Congratulates President Obama on Re-Election". yokwe.net. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
  65. "Félicitations de Navin Ramgoolam à Barack Obama" (in French). Le Defimedia. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  66. "Obama in Africa: Mauritius, the Chagos Archipelago and the Indian Ocean". Sfbayview.com. 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  67. 1 2 Winter, Brian (2010-12-20). "Obama faces Latin America revolt over drugs, trade". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  68. Oliva, Diana. "From President Obama to Marijuana Legalization, Mexico City Reacts". ABC News. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  69. "U.S. Ambassador Addresses the Harvard Club in Mexico City". Mexidata.info. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  70. "Nicolae Timofti congratulates Barack Obama upon his re-election". Allmoldova.com. 2012-11-08. Archived from the original on 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  71. "With Obama's victory, Washington will continue its consistent support for reforms in Moldova – ex-ambassador to USA". Allmoldova.com. 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  72. "PM Lukšić congratulates Barack Obama on re-election as 44th US President". Gov.me. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  73. 1 2 Kisting, Denver (2012-11-08). "Africa Expects Better Obama Disappoints Africa in First Term". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  74. "Prez, PM congratulate Obama". Myrepublica.com. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  75. "Dutch Prime Minister congratulates Obama". Dutchnews.nl. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  76. "John Key congratulates Obama on US election victory". 3 News NZ. 8 November 2013.
  77. Dispatch, Nicaragua (2012-11-03). "Murillo congratulates Obama on his reelection". Nicaraguadispatch.com. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  78. 1 2 Okocha, Chuks (2012-11-08). "Nigeria: Jonathan, World Leaders Congratulate Obama". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  79. Bello, Muhammad (2012-11-07). "Nigeria: Jonathan, FEC Say Obama's Re-Election Significant to Africa, Nigeria". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  80. "Nigeria: Citizens Must Take a Cue for 2015 Election, Say Lagos Lawmakers". allAfrica.com. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  81. Wakili, Isiaka (2012-11-08). "Nigeria: Obama's Victory Big Challenge for Nigeria – Senate". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  82. Jimoh, Abbas (2012-11-08). "Nigeria: Buhari – Obama Deserves Re-Election". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  83. Aziken, Emmanuel (2012-11-08). "Nigeria: U.S. Election Tears PDP, ACN, Others Apart". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  84. Ekundayo, Kayode (2012-11-08). "Nigeria: Obama's Victory Lesson for Nigeria – NLC, CD". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  85. "Eroglu Sent Congratulations Message to Obama". Turkish Republic Of Northern Cyprus Public Information Office. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-27.[ permanent dead link ]
  86. Rolleiv Solholm (7 November 2012). "Prime Minister Stoltenberg congratulates Obama". The Norway Post. Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation . Retrieved 12 November 2012.
  87. "Abbas congratulates Obama, Hamas urges end to Israel bias". IMEU. Archived from the original on 2013-03-27. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  88. Abu Toameh, Khaled (7 November 2012). "Abbas, Erekat hope Obama will push for peace". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  89. Jason Burke (2012-11-07). "Pakistan's reaction to Obama's election victory". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  90. Blitz, James (2012-10-18). "World leaders welcome Obama's re-election". Financial Times. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  91. "Hope Obama gives peace a chance: Imran Khan". Dnaindia.com. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  92. Jason Burke (2012-11-07). "Pakistan's reaction to Obama's election victory". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  93. "Peru's President Humala Congratulates Obama". Bernama. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  94. Aurea Calica (November 8, 2012). "Noy, Phl officials welcome Obama re-election". The Philippine Star. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  95. 1 2 Michaela del Callar (November 7, 2012). "Aquino congratulates Obama on winning 2nd term". GMA News. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  96. Fat Reyes (November 7, 2012). "Obama wins in PH 'mock elections'". Inquirer. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  97. "Russia welcomes predictable Obama's election win". Reuters. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  98. "Russia ready to cooperate with new Obama administration". Agi.it. 2012-01-01. Archived from the original on 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  99. 1 2 Mugisha, Ivan R. (2012-11-07). "Rwanda Welcomes Obama Victory". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  100. "Slovenia Welcomes Obama's Re-election". Slovenia Times. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  101. "Seychelles Congratulates President Obama in Re-Election Victory". Office of the President of the Republic of Seychelles. 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on 2012-12-24. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  102. "Somalia: Somali President Congratulates Barrack [sic] Obama On His Re-Election". allAfrica.com. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  103. "South Sudan's Kiir Congratulates Obama On 'Impressive Victory'". allAfrica.com. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
  104. Gunaratna, Gamini (November 8, 2012). "Sri Lankan President congratulates U.S. President Obama on his re-election". Colombopage.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2020.
  105. 1 2 "Obama win has Swedish politicians smiling". The Local. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  106. "Republicans in Sweden still hope for Romney". The Local. 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  107. Nebehay, Stephanie (2012-08-27). "Clooney star guest at Obama fundraiser in Switzerland". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  108. 1 2 3 "Friends, 'frenemies,' foes weigh in on US presidential election". Reuters. 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  109. Matthew Weaver (2012-11-07). "Syria conflict: Obama urged to be tougher with Assad". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  110. Yuldoshev, Avaz (2012-11-09). "Rahmon congratulates Barack Obama on reelection victory". News.tj. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  111. "Tanzania: Obama's Re-Election Excites Many in Dar". allAfrica.com. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  112. "Tunisia: Marzouki Congratulates Obama On His Re-Election As U.S. President". allAfrica.com. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  113. "Turkey presses Obama for help in Syria". Deutsche Welle. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  114. "David Cameron congratulates Barack Obama on re-election victory". BBC News. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  115. "Barack Obama re-election signals new phase in Syria war". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  116. "Cameron and Obama discuss Syria and Libya in phone call". Itv.com. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  117. "Chavez Neither Obama Nor Romney Would Produce Significant Changes". El Universal. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  118. Craggs, Ryan (2012-11-09). "Chavez On Obama Reelection: President Should Forget Global Wars, Fix Domestic Problems". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  119. "Western Sahara: President of Republic Congratulates Barack Obama On His Reelection". allAfrica.com. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  120. Mulowa, Anthony (2012-11-08). "Zambia: Michael Sata Salutes Barack Obama". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  121. "Zimbabwe: MDC Congratulates Obama". allAfrica.com. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  122. "US elections highly competitive and professionally administered, steps needed to address specific concerns". Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. November 7, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  123. Nguyen, Anuchit (7 November 2012). "Emerging Stocks Rise Most in Three Weeks on Obama Victory". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  124. "Markets react to the election". Fox Business. 7 November 2012. Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  125. "Dollar soars to 6-week high on Obama win". News.com.au. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  126. "Japanese Stocks Fall on Stonger (sic) Yen as Obama Re-Elected". Businessweek. 6 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  127. "Econoday Economic Report: Market Reflections". Bloomberg. November 7, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  128. Fletcher, Nick (2010-08-22). "FTSE ends week 100 points lower despite Obama win and Greek austerity bill approval". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  129. "Taiwan Dollar Forwards Rise to 14-Month High on Obama Victory". Businessweek. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
  130. "Chile Stocks End Lower, Tracking U.S. Shares After Obama Re-Election". Wall Street Journal. 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  131. "Forint Gains as Obama Victory Boosting Risk Appetite Cuts Yields". Businessweek. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  132. "How will Cuban Americans impact Obama's Cuba policies in his second term?". Christian Science Monitor. 2012-04-23. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  133. "Western efforts shifting on Syria after Obama re-election; UK wants to work with rebels". Fox News. 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  134. Gaouette, Nicole (13 November 2012). "Turmoil Dims Obama's Goals for Mideast Peace Negotiations". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  135. "US election: global media reaction". Telegraph. London. 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  136. "What Obama Victory Means for Trans-Atlantic Relations". Der Spiegel. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  137. "Obama needs deeper engagement with Pacific Island states". Radioaustralia.net.au. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  138. Bonner, Brian (2012-11-05). "Re-elect Barack Obama, the better choice for America, Ukraine and world". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  139. "What Obama's win means for Lebanon". NOW Lebanon. 2012-10-24. Archived from the original on 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  140. "Raghida Dergham: Obama in His Second Term: More Self-Confidence and Freedom". The Huffington Post. 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  141. Young, Ricardo (November 8, 2012). "'It's not in the US interests to make an enemy out of Russia or even out of China'- interview". Voice of Russia . Archived from the original on 1 February 2013. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
  142. Rubin, Barry (11 November 2012). "Israel's situation, strategy in Obama's second term". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  143. Alvi, Hayat (2012-08-13). "Obama's dilemma: Egypt is looking more like Pakistan". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  144. "Re-election of Obama, Xi Jinping's rise to usher in favorable changes in N. Korea". Yonhap News. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
  145. Bradley Klapper and Matthew Lee (2011-02-23). "Obama Faces Familiar World of Problems in 2nd Term". ABC News. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
  146. 9 November 2012 (2012-01-01). "Zimbabwe: Analysts Speak On Obama". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
  147. "Jilted Africa cool to US vote after Obama fever fades". Portalangop.co.ao. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  148. Md Fazlur Rahman and Refayet Ullah Mirdha (2012-11-08). "Obama victory brings hopes for Bangladesh". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  149. "Lost Opportunities - Obama and JYT". Bhutanomics. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  150. "Kazakh Leader's Tumar 'Brings Obama Victory'". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  151. "[Interview] The Obama administration's second term North Korea policy". English.hani.co.kr. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  152. "U.S. vows close consultations with S. Korea's new leader on N. Korea". Yonhap News. 13 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  153. "Liberia: Emulate Americans, Eschew Politics of Bitterness". allAfrica.com. 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  154. Ojulu, Edward (2012-11-12). "Rwanda: Obama's Is Victory for America but Not Undemocratic, Corrupt Africans". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  155. "Obama will not solve Africa's problems". The New Times. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  156. "Mind your own back yard". The St. Kitts-Nevis Observer. 2012-11-09. Archived from the original on 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  157. "Obama Second Term: Implications for Sudan and Sudan Relations". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  158. Zwane, Ackel (2012-11-09). "Dark cloud for every silver lining". The Swazi Observer. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  159. "Tongan lessons from Obama re-election –". Tonganz.net. 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on 2013-02-10. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  160. Bagonza, Arthur (2012-11-19). "Uganda can benefit from the Obama campaign strategy". Newvision.co.ug. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  161. Ncube, Njabulo (2012-11-14). "Zimbabwe: Obama Re-Election Means Little for Zim". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  162. Chubvu, Farirai (2012-05-06). "Zimbabwe: Obama - Murder He Wrote". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  163. "For Assange, Obama a 'wolf in sheep's clothing'". Times of India. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  164. "Julian Assange labels Obama 'a wolf in sheep's clothing'". Herald Sun. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  165. "Having dispatched Romney, Obama faces Iran, Syria". Dnaindia.com. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  166. 1 2 "Western efforts shifting on Syria after Obama re-election; UK wants to work with rebels". Fox News. 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  167. "Obama's victory will add stability to Moldova-U.S. relations". Allmoldova.com. 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  168. "Obama's re-election can help European stability". China Daily. 2012-04-19. Retrieved 2012-11-10.